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  • Young Lady’s Accidence; or, A Short and Easy Introduction to English Grammar (work by Bingham)

    Caleb Bingham: The Young Lady’s Accidence; or, A Short and Easy Introduction to English Grammar, prepared for use in his private girls’ school, went through 20 editions and sold 100,000 copies. It was the second English grammar published in the United States. Among his other textbooks were An…

  • Young Lawyers, The (American television series)

    Television in the United States: The new cultural landscape: …Bold Ones (NBC, 1969–73), and The Young Lawyers (ABC, 1970–71) injected timely social issues into traditional genres featuring doctors, lawyers, and the police. In another development, 60 Minutes (CBS, begun 1968) fashioned the modern newsmagazine into a prime-time feature.

  • Young Lions, The (novel by Shaw)

    American literature: Realism and metafiction: (1948) and Irwin Shaw’s The Young Lions (1948) were realistic war novels, though Mailer’s book was also a novel of ideas, exploring fascist thinking and an obsession with power as elements of the military mind. James Jones, amassing a staggering quantity of closely observed detail, documented the war’s human…

  • Young Lions, The (film by Dmytryk [1958])

    The Young Lions, American war film, released in 1958, that examines how World War II affects the lives of three disparate young soldiers. One of the movie’s central characters is Christian Diestl (played by Marlon Brando), an idealistic young German who willingly joins the military because of his

  • Young Lonigan: A Boyhood in Chicago Streets (novel by Farrell)

    Studs Lonigan: The trilogy consists of Young Lonigan: A Boyhood in Chicago Streets (1932), The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan (1934), and Judgment Day (1935).

  • Young Lovers, The (film by Lupino [1949])

    Ida Lupino: Directing: …her official directing debut with Never Fear (1949; also known as The Young Lovers), a low-budget drama in which Not Wanted star Sally Forrest played a young dancer stricken with polio. With that film Lupino became Hollywood’s first credited female director since the retirement of Dorothy Arzner in 1943. In…

  • Young Man Luther (work by Erikson)

    Erik Erikson: In Young Man Luther (1958), Erikson combined his interest in history and psychoanalytic theory to examine how Martin Luther was able to break with the existing religious establishment to create a new way of looking at the world. Gandhi’s Truth on the Origins of Militant Nonviolence…

  • Young Man with a Horn (film by Curtiz [1950])

    Kirk Douglas: Bix Beiderbecke, in Michael Curtiz’s Young Man with a Horn (1950); an unscrupulous reporter who attempts to capitalize on real-life tragedy in Billy Wilder’s Ace in the Hole (1951, also released as The Big Carnival); a western marshal consumed with guilt over his father’s death in Raoul Walsh’s Along the…

  • Young Man With Cap and Gloves (painting by Titian)

    Titian: Early life and works: …young Venetian aristocrat in the Young Man with Cap and Gloves has led modern critics to attribute this and similar portraits to Titian.

  • Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan, The (novel by Farrell)

    Studs Lonigan: …Boyhood in Chicago Streets (1932), The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan (1934), and Judgment Day (1935).

  • Young Maori Party (Maori cultural association)

    Young Maori Party, association of educated, westernized Maori of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, dedicated to bringing about a degree of cultural assimilation of the Maori nation to the dominant pakeha (white) culture of New Zealand. The party was organized in the 1890s by a number of

  • Young Marshal (Chinese warlord)

    Zhang Xueliang, Chinese warlord who, together with Yang Hucheng, in the Xi’an Incident (1936), compelled the Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi) to form a wartime alliance with the Chinese communists against Japan. Zhang Xueliang was the oldest son of the warlord Zhang Zuolin, who

  • Young Men and the Old, The (poetry by Cloete)

    Stuart Cloete: …poems, collected in a volume, The Young Men and the Old (1941), and a collection of biographies, African Portraits (1946). His autobiography, A Victorian Son, appeared in 1972.

  • Young Men’s and Young Women’s Hebrew Association (Jewish lay organization)

    Young Men’s and Young Women’s Hebrew Association (YM–YWHA), Jewish community organization in various countries that provides a wide range of cultural, educational, recreational, and social activities for all age groups in Jewish communities. The goals of the YM–YWHA are to prepare the young for

  • Young Men’s Buddhist Association (Myanmar nationalist organization)

    Myanmar: The emergence of nationalism: In 1906 they founded the Young Men’s Buddhist Association (YMBA) and through it began establishing a number of schools supported by private donations and government grants-in-aid (the YMBA was not antigovernment). Three years later the British, attempting to pacify the Indian National Congress (a broadly based and increasingly nationalist political…

  • Young Men’s Christian Association (Christian lay movement)

    YMCA, nonsectarian, nonpolitical Christian lay movement that aims to develop high standards of Christian character through group activities and citizenship training. It originated in London in 1844, when 12 young men, led by George Williams, an employee in, and subsequently the head of, a drapery

  • Young Men’s Christian Association Training School (school, Springfield, Massachusetts, United States)

    basketball: …Association (YMCA) Training School (now Springfield College), Springfield, Massachusetts, where Naismith was an instructor in physical education.

  • Young modulus (physics)

    Young’s modulus, numerical constant, named for the 18th-century English physician and physicist Thomas Young, that describes the elastic properties of a solid undergoing tension or compression in only one direction, as in the case of a metal rod that after being stretched or compressed lengthwise

  • Young Mother, A (sculpture by Vonnoh)

    Bessie Potter Vonnoh: …after her trip to Paris—A Young Mother (1896), a bronze tabletop sculpture of a mother cradling an infant in her arms. About that time the Art Institute of Chicago acquired several of her sculptures, the first sculptures by a woman in its collection.

  • Young Mr. Lincoln (film by Ford [1939])

    history of the motion picture: The Hollywood studio system: …mythic works as Stagecoach (1939), Young Mr. Lincoln (1939), The Grapes of Wrath (1940), My Darling Clementine (1946), and She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949); Howard Hawks, a master of genres and the architect of a tough, functional “American” style of narrative exemplified in his films Scarface (1932), Twentieth

  • Young New Zealand Party (political group, New Zealand)

    Young New Zealand Party, parliamentary group that became most palpable as a vigorous faction within the parliamentary opposition to the Conservative government of Harry Albert Atkinson (1887–90) and that provided the Liberal Party with many of its future major figures. Prominent in the party were

  • Young of Dartington, Michael Dunlop Young, Baron (British lawyer, sociologist and reformer)

    Michael Dunlop Young, Baron Young of Dartington, British lawyer, sociologist, and social reformer (born Aug. 9, 1915, Manchester, Eng.—died Jan. 14, 2002, London, Eng.), was best known for having written the Labour Party’s 1945 social-welfare manifesto and for having coined the pejorative term m

  • Young of Farnworth, Janet Mary Baker Young, Baroness (British politician)

    Janet Mary Baker Young, Baroness Young of Farnworth, British politician (born Oct. 23, 1926, Widnes, Lancashire, Eng.—died Sept. 6, 2002, Oxford, Eng.), was the first woman to serve as leader of the House of Lords; a committed conservative, she was perhaps best known for her zealous dedication to t

  • Young Ottomans (Turkish organization)

    Young Ottomans, secret Turkish nationalist organization formed in Istanbul in June 1865. A forerunner of other Turkish nationalist groups (see Young Turks), the Young Ottomans favoured converting the Turkish-dominated multinational Ottoman Empire into a more purely Turkish state and called for t

  • Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra, The (work by Britten)

    The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra, composition for orchestra by British composer Benjamin Britten. The work was written at the request of the British Ministry of Education for use in the short educational film Instruments of the Orchestra (1946). Its concert premiere was given in Liverpool,

  • Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra: Variations and Fugue on a Theme of Henry Purcell, Op. 34, The (work by Britten)

    The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra, composition for orchestra by British composer Benjamin Britten. The work was written at the request of the British Ministry of Education for use in the short educational film Instruments of the Orchestra (1946). Its concert premiere was given in Liverpool,

  • Young Philadelphians, The (film by Sherman [1959])

    Paul Newman: First films: …the decade with the melodrama The Young Philadelphians (1959), in which he played a manipulative attorney.

  • Young Plan (European history)

    Young Plan, (1929), second renegotiation of Germany’s World War I reparation payments. A new committee, chaired by the American Owen D. Young, met in Paris on Feb. 11, 1929, to revise the Dawes Plan of 1924. Its report (June 7, 1929), accepted with minor changes, went into effect on Sept. 1, 1930.

  • Young Poland movement (Polish literary group)

    Young Poland movement, diverse group of early 20th-century Neoromantic writers brought together in reaction against Naturalism and Positivism. Inspired by Polish Romantic writers and also by contemporary western European trends such as Symbolism, they sought to revive the unfettered expression of

  • Young Polish Composer’s Publishing Co. (Polish music company)

    Karol Szymanowski: …Berlin, where he organized the Young Polish Composers’ Publishing Co. (1905–12) to publish new works by his countrymen. His compositions from this period, which include the opera Hagith (1913), show the influence of Strauss, Wagner, and Scriabin.

  • Young Pope, The (American television series)

    Diane Keaton: …playing a nun in HBO’s The Young Pope (2016). She later starred in the romantic comedies Hampstead (2017) and Book Club (2018). In Poms (2019) she played a terminally ill woman who forms a cheerleading squad in her retirement community.

  • Young Rascals, the (American rock group)

    blue-eyed soul: …2003, Kalamazoo, Michigan), and the Rascals (known for a time as the Young Rascals), whose principal members were Felix Cavaliere (b. November 29, 1943, Pelham, New York, U.S.), Gene Cornish (b. May 14, 1946, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada), Eddie Brigati (b. October 22, 1946, New York, New York), and Dino Danelli…

  • Young Roscius, The (British actor)

    William Henry West Betty, English actor who won instant success as a child prodigy. Betty’s debut was in Belfast, before he was 12, in an English version of Voltaire’s Za?re. He was successful in Dublin, Glasgow, and Edinburgh. In 1804, when he first appeared at Covent Garden, London, troops were

  • Young Savages, The (film by Frankenheimer [1961])

    John Frankenheimer: Films of the 1960s: …made his second feature film, The Young Savages. It was an overheated but often potent courtroom drama that starred Burt Lancaster—in the first of five movies he made with the director—as a crusading district attorney who risks his career to exonerate Spanish Harlem gang members accused of killing a blind…

  • Young Scholar, The (play by Lessing)

    Gotthold Ephraim Lessing: Education and first dramatic works.: …1748 successfully produced his comedy Der junge Gelehrte (“The Young Scholar”). The play is a delightful satire on an arrogant, superficial, vain, and easily offended scholar, a figure through which Lessing mocked his own bookishness. The other comedies belonging to this Leipzig period of 1747–49 (Damon, Die alte Jungfer [“The…

  • Young Stranger, The (film by Frankenheimer [1957])

    John Frankenheimer: Early work: …into his first feature film, The Young Stranger (1957). It starred James MacArthur as a troubled teenager whose wealthy father (James Daly) pays little attention to him. Although the movie was well received by critics, Frankenheimer chose to return to television, where his work was noteworthy for its then-inventive camera…

  • Young Tom (Scottish golfer)

    Thomas Morris, Jr., Scottish golfer who, like his father, Thomas Morris, won the Open Championship (British Open) tournament four times. Morris entered his first golf tournament at age 13 and won his first Open Championship in 1868 at age 17, becoming the youngest winner of the event. Noted for his

  • Young Torless (film by Schl?ndorff [1966])

    Volker Schl?ndorff: …feature, Der junge T?rless (1966; Young T?rless), an adaptation of the Robert Musil novella Die Verwirrungen des Z?glings T?rless, earned him instant recognition. This study of a sensitive boy in a brutal German military academy exhibited the cool, straightforward directorial style that would come to distinguish Schl?ndorff from his more…

  • Young Tunisians (political party, Tunisia)

    Young Tunisians, political party formed in 1907 by young French-educated Tunisian intellectuals in opposition to the French protectorate established in 1883. The party, headed by Ali Bash Hamba and Bashir Sfar, demanded complete Tunisian control of the government and administration of the country a

  • Young Turk Revolution of 1908 (Ottoman-Turkish history)

    Ottoman Empire: The Young Turk Revolution of 1908: Several conspiracies took place against Abdülhamid. In 1889 a conspiracy in the military medical college spread to other Istanbul colleges. The conspirators came to call themselves the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP; ?ttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti) and were commonly…

  • Young Turks (Turkish nationalist movement)

    Young Turks, coalition of various reform groups that led a revolutionary movement against the authoritarian regime of Ottoman sultan Abdülhamid II, which culminated in the establishment of a constitutional government. After their rise to power, the Young Turks introduced programs that promoted the

  • Young Turks (political organization, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Philadelphia: The 20th century: …a group known as the Young Turks and influenced by the nationwide New Deal of the Democratic Party began to agitate for charter reform and a city planning commission; the Democrats would eventually dominate politics in the city and most mayors in the second half of the 20th century were…

  • young urban professional (social group)

    hippie: …came to be known as yuppies (young urban professionals). Nonetheless, hippies continued to have an influence on the wider culture, seen, for example, in more relaxed attitudes toward sex, in the new concern for the environment, and in a widespread lessening of formality.

  • Young Vic (British theatrical company)

    Old Vic: …Old Vic School and the Young Vic, a company that performed for children, were established and housed in the Old Vic theatre. The company returned to its repaired original home in 1950, but the lack of space and adequate funds caused the school and the Young Vic to close in…

  • Young Victoria, The (film by Vallée [2009])

    Emily Blunt: …turn as Queen Victoria in The Young Victoria proved her ability to anchor a film.

  • Young Woman with a Water Pitcher (painting by Vermeer)

    Johannes Vermeer: Themes: In paintings such as Young Woman with a Water Pitcher (c. 1662), Woman with a Pearl Necklace (c. 1662/65), and Woman in Blue Reading a Letter (c. 1663), he utilized the laws of perspective and the placement of individual objects—chairs, tables, walls, maps, window frames—to create a sense of…

  • Young Women’s Christian Association (Christian lay movement)

    Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), nonsectarian Christian organization that aims “to advance the physical, social, intellectual, moral, and spiritual interests of young women.” The recreational, educational, and spiritual aspects of its program are symbolized in its insignia, a blue

  • Young Zulu Kid (American boxer)

    Jimmy Wilde: …fought the American flyweight champion, Young Zulu Kid (Giuseppe Di Melfi), on Dec. 18, 1916. With his 11th-round knockout, Wilde became the first world flyweight champion, a title that he held until he was knocked out in the seventh round by Pancho Villa of the Philippines on June 18, 1923.…

  • Young’s double slit (optics)

    Young’s experiment, classical investigation into the nature of light, an investigation that provided the basic element in the development of the wave theory and was first performed by the English physicist and physician Thomas Young in 1801. In this experiment, Young identified the phenomenon

  • Young’s experiment (optics)

    Young’s experiment, classical investigation into the nature of light, an investigation that provided the basic element in the development of the wave theory and was first performed by the English physicist and physician Thomas Young in 1801. In this experiment, Young identified the phenomenon

  • Young’s modulus (physics)

    Young’s modulus, numerical constant, named for the 18th-century English physician and physicist Thomas Young, that describes the elastic properties of a solid undergoing tension or compression in only one direction, as in the case of a metal rod that after being stretched or compressed lengthwise

  • Young, Alan (American actor)

    Alan Young, (Angus Young), British-born American comic actor (born Nov. 19, 1919, North Shields, Tyne and Wear, Eng.—died May 19, 2016, Woodland Hills, Calif.), embodied the affable architect Wilbur Post, owner of the wily and mischievous talking horse Mister Ed, on the popular TV sitcom Mister Ed

  • Young, André Romelle (American rapper, hip-hop producer, and entrepreneur)

    Dr. Dre, American rapper, hip-hop producer, and entrepreneur who helped popularize the gangsta rap subgenre. Born to teenaged parents who aspired to singing careers, André Young took the stage name Dr. Dre in the early 1980s. He performed as a hip-hop deejay and as part of the group World Class

  • Young, Andrew (American politician)

    Andrew Young, American politician, civil rights leader, and clergyman who served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1973–77) and later was mayor of Atlanta (1982–90). Young was reared in a middle-class black family, attended segregated Southern schools, and later entered Howard University

  • Young, Andrew Jackson, Jr. (American politician)

    Andrew Young, American politician, civil rights leader, and clergyman who served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1973–77) and later was mayor of Atlanta (1982–90). Young was reared in a middle-class black family, attended segregated Southern schools, and later entered Howard University

  • Young, Angus (American actor)

    Alan Young, (Angus Young), British-born American comic actor (born Nov. 19, 1919, North Shields, Tyne and Wear, Eng.—died May 19, 2016, Woodland Hills, Calif.), embodied the affable architect Wilbur Post, owner of the wily and mischievous talking horse Mister Ed, on the popular TV sitcom Mister Ed

  • Young, Angus (Australian musician)

    AC/DC: The principal members were Angus Young(b. March 31, 1955, Glasgow, Scotland),Malcolm Young(b. January 6, 1953, Glasgow—d. November 18, 2017, Sydney, Australia), Bon Scott (original name Ronald Belford Scott;b. July 9, 1946, Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland—d. February 21, 1980, London, England), Brian Johnson(b. October 5, 1947, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and…

  • Young, Art (American caricaturist)

    Art Young, satiric American cartoonist and crusader whose cartoons expressed his human warmth as well as his indignation at injustice. In 1884 Young moved to Chicago, where he studied art and supported himself by drawing newspaper cartoons. Later he also studied art in New York City and Paris.

  • Young, Arthur (English writer)

    Arthur Young, prolific English writer on agriculture, politics, and economics. Besides his books on agricultural subjects, he was the author of the famous Travels in France (or Travels During the Years 1787, 1788 and 1789, Undertaken More Particularly with a View of Ascertaining the Cultivation,

  • Young, Arthur Henry (American caricaturist)

    Art Young, satiric American cartoonist and crusader whose cartoons expressed his human warmth as well as his indignation at injustice. In 1884 Young moved to Chicago, where he studied art and supported himself by drawing newspaper cartoons. Later he also studied art in New York City and Paris.

  • Young, Brigham (American religious leader)

    Brigham Young, American religious leader, second president of the Mormon church, and colonizer who significantly influenced the development of the American West. A carpenter, joiner, painter, and glazier, Young settled in 1829 at Mendon, New York, near where the Book of Mormon was published in

  • Young, Charles Augustus (American astronomer)

    Charles Augustus Young, American astronomer who made the first observations of the flash spectrum of the Sun, during the solar eclipses of 1869 and 1870. He studied the Sun extensively, particularly with the spectroscope, and wrote several important books on astronomy, of which the best known was

  • Young, Chic (American cartoonist)

    Chic Young, U.S. cartoonist who created the comic strip “Blondie,” which, by the 1960s, was syndicated in more than 1,500 newspapers throughout the world. Young was born into an artistic family and worked at several jobs, including one as a stenographer in a railroad office, for a number of years.

  • Young, Coleman (American politician)

    Coleman Young, American politician, who was the first African American mayor of Detroit, Michigan (1974–93). In 1923 Young moved with his family from the South to Detroit. Unable to obtain a scholarship to attend college, he began working on an assembly line at the Ford Motor Company, where he

  • Young, Coleman Alexander (American politician)

    Coleman Young, American politician, who was the first African American mayor of Detroit, Michigan (1974–93). In 1923 Young moved with his family from the South to Detroit. Unable to obtain a scholarship to attend college, he began working on an assembly line at the Ford Motor Company, where he

  • Young, Collier (American film producer and writer)

    Ida Lupino: Directing: With her second husband, Collier Young (her first husband was actor Louis Hayward), Lupino founded a production company in 1949 and began writing scripts, tackling such controversial topics as rape, illegitimacy, and bigamy. Their first project was the unwed-mother drama Not Wanted (1949), which Lupino produced and coscripted with…

  • Young, Cy (American athlete)

    Cy Young, American professional baseball player, winner of more major league games (511) than any other pitcher. Young grew up on a farm, and his formal education ended in sixth grade so he could help his family with their daily farming duties. He began playing baseball at this time and became so

  • Young, Denton True (American athlete)

    Cy Young, American professional baseball player, winner of more major league games (511) than any other pitcher. Young grew up on a farm, and his formal education ended in sixth grade so he could help his family with their daily farming duties. He began playing baseball at this time and became so

  • Young, Edward (English author)

    Edward Young, English poet, dramatist, and literary critic, author of The Complaint: or, Night Thoughts (1742–45), a long, didactic poem on death. The poem was inspired by the successive deaths of his stepdaughter, in 1736; her husband, in 1740; and Young’s wife, in 1741. The poem is a blank-verse

  • Young, Ella Flagg (American educator)

    Ella Flagg Young, American educator who, as Chicago’s superintendent of schools, became the first woman to achieve that administrative status in a major American school system. Young graduated from the Chicago Normal School in 1862 and taught primary school before becoming principal of the new

  • Young, Faron (American singer and actor)

    Faron Young, . American singer, one of the most popular country music performers of the 1950s, 60s, and early 70s. He was known as the “Young Sheriff," which he later changed to the “Singing Sheriff"; his band was the Country Deputies. He was posthumously inducted into the Country Music Hall of

  • Young, Francis Brett (English writer)

    Francis Brett Young, English novelist and poet who, although at times sentimental and long-winded, achieved wide popularity for his considerable skill as a storyteller. Among his best known novels, many of which are set in his native Worcestershire, are The Dark Tower (1914), Portrait of Claire

  • Young, Fred A. (British cinematographer)

    Freddie Young, British cinematographer whose visual flair and artistry added immeasurably to British films for more than 70 years, beginning with his work as an assistant cameraman on the 1922 silent Rob Roy. He was particularly known for the stunning beauty he brought to a series of films by

  • Young, Freddie (British cinematographer)

    Freddie Young, British cinematographer whose visual flair and artistry added immeasurably to British films for more than 70 years, beginning with his work as an assistant cameraman on the 1922 silent Rob Roy. He was particularly known for the stunning beauty he brought to a series of films by

  • Young, Frederick Archibald (British cinematographer)

    Freddie Young, British cinematographer whose visual flair and artistry added immeasurably to British films for more than 70 years, beginning with his work as an assistant cameraman on the 1922 silent Rob Roy. He was particularly known for the stunning beauty he brought to a series of films by

  • Young, G. M. (British historian)

    historiography: The historian’s sources: The British historian G.M. Young said that the ideal historian has read so much about the people he is writing about that he knows what they will say next—a counsel of perfection, no doubt, but a goal to aspire to.

  • Young, Gig (American actor)

    Desk Set: Cast: Assorted Referencesdiscussed in biographyrole of

  • Young, Gretchen Michaela (American actress)

    Loretta Young, motion picture actress noted for her ethereal beauty and refined, controlled portrayals of virtuous and wholesome women. Young began her career at age four as a child extra. She later attended convent school, and at age14 she landed a part in the film Naughty but Nice (1927) that was

  • Young, Hugo John Smelter (British journalist)

    Hugo John Smelter Young, British political journalist (born Oct. 13, 1938, Sheffield, Eng.—died Sept. 22, 2003, London, Eng.), for 30 years wrote with elegance and scholarship from a liberal perspective; his column was considered essential reading for those interested in politics. Young began w

  • Young, Iris Marion (American philosopher)

    philosophical feminism: Feminist social and political philosophy: Iris Marion Young appropriated Marxist categories, which were based on labour and economic structures. Criticizing traditional Marxism for exaggerating the importance of waged labour outside the home, socialist feminists insisted that the unpaid caregiving and homemaking that women are expected to perform are equally indispensable…

  • Young, Janet Mary Baker (British politician)

    Janet Mary Baker Young, Baroness Young of Farnworth, British politician (born Oct. 23, 1926, Widnes, Lancashire, Eng.—died Sept. 6, 2002, Oxford, Eng.), was the first woman to serve as leader of the House of Lords; a committed conservative, she was perhaps best known for her zealous dedication to t

  • Young, John W. (American astronaut)

    John W. Young, U.S. astronaut who participated in the Gemini, Apollo, and space shuttle programs. He was the first astronaut to make five—and later the first to make six—spaceflights. He served as Virgil I. Grissom’s copilot on Gemini 3 (1965), the first U.S. two-man spaceflight. After graduating

  • Young, John Watts (American astronaut)

    John W. Young, U.S. astronaut who participated in the Gemini, Apollo, and space shuttle programs. He was the first astronaut to make five—and later the first to make six—spaceflights. He served as Virgil I. Grissom’s copilot on Gemini 3 (1965), the first U.S. two-man spaceflight. After graduating

  • Young, Jon Steven (American football player)

    Steve Young, American gridiron football player who is considered one of the most accurate quarterbacks in National Football League (NFL) history. Young was raised in Connecticut, where he was all-state in football and baseball at Greenwich High School. He was the great-great-great-grandson of

  • Young, Joseph (American musician)

    Joseph Young, (“Mighty Joe”), American singer and guitarist whose performances of his blend of blues and soul were enhanced by his professionalism, enthusiasm, and desire to please his audience; when his virtuoso playing career was sidelined by a loss of sensation in his fingers following surgery

  • Young, La Monte (American composer)

    the Velvet Underground: …in New York City by La Monte Young. In 1965, while working as Brill Building-style staff songwriter for Pickwick Music, Reed formed a group, the Primitives (including Cale), for live performances of a single he had recorded called “The Ostrich.” He also had written songs, such as “Heroin” and “Venus…

  • Young, Lester Willis (American musician)

    Lester Young, American tenor saxophonist who emerged in the mid-1930s Kansas City, Mo., jazz world with the Count Basie band and introduced an approach to improvisation that provided much of the basis for modern jazz solo conception. Young’s tone was a striking departure from the accepted

  • Young, Loretta (American actress)

    Loretta Young, motion picture actress noted for her ethereal beauty and refined, controlled portrayals of virtuous and wholesome women. Young began her career at age four as a child extra. She later attended convent school, and at age14 she landed a part in the film Naughty but Nice (1927) that was

  • Young, Malcolm (Australian musician)

    AC/DC: March 31, 1955, Glasgow, Scotland),Malcolm Young(b. January 6, 1953, Glasgow—d. November 18, 2017, Sydney, Australia), Bon Scott (original name Ronald Belford Scott;b. July 9, 1946, Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland—d. February 21, 1980, London, England), Brian Johnson(b. October 5, 1947, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England), Phil Rudd (original name…

  • Young, Marguerite (American author)

    Marguerite Young, American writer best known for Miss MacIntosh, My Darling (1965), a mammoth, many-layered novel of illusion and reality. Educated at Indiana University and Butler University, Indianapolis (B.A., 1930), Young also studied at the University of Chicago (M.A., 1936) and did graduate

  • Young, Marguerite Vivian (American author)

    Marguerite Young, American writer best known for Miss MacIntosh, My Darling (1965), a mammoth, many-layered novel of illusion and reality. Educated at Indiana University and Butler University, Indianapolis (B.A., 1930), Young also studied at the University of Chicago (M.A., 1936) and did graduate

  • Young, Mavis Leslie De Trafford (Canadian-born author)

    Mavis Gallant, Canadian-born writer of essays, novels, plays, and especially short stories, almost all of which were published initially in The New Yorker magazine. In unsentimental prose and with trenchant wit she delineated the isolation, detachment, and fear that afflict rootless North American

  • Young, Michael (British lawyer, sociologist and reformer)

    Michael Dunlop Young, Baron Young of Dartington, British lawyer, sociologist, and social reformer (born Aug. 9, 1915, Manchester, Eng.—died Jan. 14, 2002, London, Eng.), was best known for having written the Labour Party’s 1945 social-welfare manifesto and for having coined the pejorative term m

  • Young, Michael W. (American geneticist)

    Michael W. Young, American geneticist who contributed to the discovery of molecular mechanisms that regulate circadian rhythm, the 24-hour period of biological activity in humans and other organisms. Young’s elucidation of the relationships between genes and behaviour in the fruit fly Drosophila

  • Young, Murat Bernard (American cartoonist)

    Chic Young, U.S. cartoonist who created the comic strip “Blondie,” which, by the 1960s, was syndicated in more than 1,500 newspapers throughout the world. Young was born into an artistic family and worked at several jobs, including one as a stenographer in a railroad office, for a number of years.

  • Young, Nedrick (American writer and actor)

    The Defiant Ones: …was cowritten by blacklisted writer Nedrick Young under the pseudonym Nathan E. Douglas.

  • Young, Neil (Canadian musician and filmmaker)

    Neil Young, Canadian guitarist, singer, and songwriter best known for his idiosyncratic output and eclectic sweep, from solo folkie to grungy guitar-rocker. Young grew up in Winnipeg, Manitoba, with his mother after her divorce from his father, a well-known Canadian sportswriter. Having performed

  • Young, Owen D. (American lawyer, businessman, and diplomat)

    Owen D. Young, U.S. lawyer and businessman best known for his efforts to solve reparations issues after World War I. Educated at St. Lawrence University and Boston University Law School, Young practiced law in Boston until 1912 and then became general counsel for the General Electric Company,

  • Young, Paul Thomas (American psychologist)

    illusion: Auditory phenomena: …was described in 1928 by Paul Thomas Young, an American psychologist, who tested the process of sound localization (the direction from which sound seems to come). He constructed a pseudophone, an instrument made of two ear trumpets, one leading from the right side of the head to the left ear…

  • Young, Robert (American actor)

    Robert Young, American actor (born Feb. 22, 1907, Chicago, Ill.—died July 21, 1998, Westlake Village, Calif.), was best remembered for his portrayal of benevolent authority figures, starring in the title roles of such television classics as "Father Knows Best" and "Marcus Welby, M.D." When he was 1

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