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  • Thalberg, Irving Grant (American motion-picture executive)

    Irving Thalberg, American film executive called the “boy wonder of Hollywood” who, as the production manager of MGM, was largely responsible for that studio’s prestigious reputation. Born of German immigrant parents, Thalberg suffered from a weak heart and was plagued with health problems all his

  • Thalberg, Sigismond Fortuné Fran?ois (Swiss pianist)

    Sigismond Thalberg, the leading rival of Franz Liszt as a virtuoso pianist. Thalberg began performing at the age of 14 in Viennese salons. In 1830 he toured Germany and England, and in 1834 he assumed the post of court pianist in Vienna. In 1836 he moved to Paris, where a famous rivalry developed

  • Thale Luang (lagoon, Gulf of Thailand)

    Luang Lake, coastal lake or lagoon (thale), southern Thailand, on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula. The lake, 50 miles (80 km) long and up to 15 miles (24 km) wide, is dotted with islands. It is a fertile fishing ground and is connected to the Gulf of Thailand at Songkhla town on its southern

  • Thaleichthys pacificus (fish)

    Candlefish, species of smelt of the genus Thaleichthys

  • Thalén, Robert (Swedish physicist)

    Anders Jonas ?ngstr?m: He and his collaborator Robert Thalén measured the spectral lines of many chemical elements, both in the solar spectrum and in the laboratory. ?ngstr?m and Thalén’s work soon became authoritative. However, ?ngstr?m suspected that their work contained a systematic error, and it was not until 1884, 10 years after…

  • thaler (coin)

    Jáchymov: …German monetary unit taler, or thaler, from which the English word dollar is derived, refers to the Joachimsthaler, a coin first minted in Jáchymov in 1517.

  • Thaler, Richard (American economist)

    Richard Thaler, American economist who was awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize for Economics for his contributions to behavioral economics, a field of microeconomics that applies the findings of psychology and other social sciences to the study of economic behaviour. In published work spanning more than

  • Thaler, William John (American physicist)

    William John Thaler, American physicist (born Dec. 4, 1925, Baltimore, Md.—died June 5, 2005, Centreville, Va.), pioneered development of over-the-horizon radar for the U.S. Navy in the late 1950s. This innovation enabled early detection of Soviet ballistic missile launches and nuclear explosions u

  • Thales of Miletus (Greek philosopher)

    Thales of Miletus, philosopher renowned as one of the legendary Seven Wise Men, or Sophoi, of antiquity. He is remembered primarily for his cosmology based on water as the essence of all matter, with Earth a flat disk floating on a vast sea. The Greek historian Diogenes La?rtius (flourished 3rd

  • Thales’ rectangle

    Thales of Miletus flourished about 600 bc and is credited with many of the earliest known geometric proofs. In particular, he has been credited with proving the following five theorems: (1) a circle is bisected by any diameter; (2) the base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal; (3) the

  • Thales’ rectangle (geometry)

    Thales' rectangle: Thales of Miletus flourished about 600 bc and is credited with many of the earliest known geometric proofs. In particular, he has been credited with proving the following five theorems: (1) a circle is bisected by any diameter; (2) the base angles of an isosceles…

  • Thalia (Greek mythology)

    Thalia, in Greek religion, one of the nine Muses, patron of comedy; also, according to the Greek poet Hesiod, a Grace (one of a group of goddesses of fertility). She is the mother of the Corybantes, celebrants of the Great Mother of the Gods, Cybele, the father being Apollo, a god related to music

  • Thalia (work by Arius)

    Arius: …verse of his major work, Thalia (“Banquet”), and was widely spread by popular songs written for labourers and travelers.

  • Thalia-Theater (theatre, Hamburg, Germany)

    Hamburg: Cultural life: The Thalia-Theater, founded in 1843, with a multifaceted program that includes plenty of light entertainment, is popular with local audiences. All three establishments are generously funded by the state. The numerous other theatres include the tiny Piccolo-Theater and the Hansa-Theater, said to be the last genuine…

  • Thaliacea (tunicate class)

    tunicate: Annotated classification: Class Thaliacea Pelagic forms; atrial aperture directed toward the rear of each zooid; asexual buds form from a ventral stolon; about 70 species. Order Pyrosomida Zooids embedded in a tube open at one end. Order Doliolida Complex alternation of generations between a

  • Thalictrum (plant)

    Meadow rue, (genus Thalictrum), genus of approximately 330 species of perennial herbaceous plants in the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). They occur in the North Temperate Zone and in South America and Africa, in wooded as well as in sunny, open areas. The plants’ compound leaves consist of three

  • thalidomide (medical compound)

    Thalidomide, compound in medicine initially used as a sedative and an antiemetic until the discovery that it caused severe fetal malformations. Thalidomide was developed in West Germany in the mid-1950s and was found to induce drowsiness and sleep. The drug appeared to be unusually safe, with few

  • Thalle Pass (mountain pass, Asia)

    Hindu Kush: Study and exploration: …passed northward, or the adjacent Thalle Pass, used by Timur; the second was the Kushān Pass (slightly to the west of the present-day Sālang road tunnel), which Alexander crossed southward; and the third was the Kipchak Pass, used by Genghis Khan in the early 13th century and by Babur in…

  • thalli (biology)

    Thallus, plant body of algae, fungi, and other lower organisms formerly assigned to the obsolete group Thallophyta. A thallus is composed of filaments or plates of cells and ranges in size from a unicellular structure to a complex treelike form. It has a simple structure that lacks specialized

  • thallium (chemical element)

    Thallium (Tl), chemical element, metal of main Group 13 (IIIa, or boron group) of the periodic table, poisonous and of limited commercial value. Like lead, thallium is a soft, low-melting element of low tensile strength. Freshly cut thallium has a metallic lustre that dulls to bluish gray upon

  • Thallophyta (plant)

    Stephan Endlicher: …divided the plant kingdom into thallophytes (including the algae, fungi, and lichens) and cormophytes (including the mosses, ferns, and seed plants), remained a valuable descriptive index to plant families and genera for more than a half century.

  • thallophyte (plant)

    Stephan Endlicher: …divided the plant kingdom into thallophytes (including the algae, fungi, and lichens) and cormophytes (including the mosses, ferns, and seed plants), remained a valuable descriptive index to plant families and genera for more than a half century.

  • thallose liverwort (plant)

    plant: Division Marchantiophyta: Thalloid (thallose) liverworts have a ribbonlike, or strap-shaped, body that grows flat on the ground. They have a high degree of internal structural differentiation into photosynthetic and storage zones. Liverwort gametophytes have unicellular rhizoids. Liverworts have an alternation of generations similar to that of mosses, and,…

  • thallus (biology)

    Thallus, plant body of algae, fungi, and other lower organisms formerly assigned to the obsolete group Thallophyta. A thallus is composed of filaments or plates of cells and ranges in size from a unicellular structure to a complex treelike form. It has a simple structure that lacks specialized

  • Th?lmann, Ernst (German politician)

    Ernst Th?lmann, German Communist leader and twice presidential candidate during the Weimar Republic (1919–33), who was chiefly responsible for molding the German Communist Party (KPD; Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands), the most powerful communist party outside the Soviet Union. Th?lmann, a

  • Thalun (king of Burma)

    Myanmar: The Toungoo dynasty, 1531–1752: Anaukpetlun’s successor, Thalun, reestablished the principles of the Myanmar state created half a millennium earlier at Pagan. Heavy religious expenditures, however, weakened Ava politically, much as they had done in Pagan. In the meantime, southern Myanmar had been rejuvenated by the new commercial activity spurred by the…

  • Thalysia (idyll by Theocritus)

    Theocritus: …the sea nymph Galatea; and Thalysia (“Harvest Home,” Idyll 7), describing a festival on the island of Cos. In this the poet speaks in the first person and introduces contemporary friends and rivals in the guise of rustics.

  • Thalysia (Greek festival)

    Demeter: (4) Thalysia, a thanksgiving festival held in autumn after the harvest in the island of Cos. (5) The Thesmophoria, a women’s festival meant to improve the fruitfulness of the seed grain. (6) The Skirophoria held in midsummer, a companion festival.

  • Tham Khuyen Cave (cave, Vietnam)

    primate: Pleistocene: In one such cave (Tham Khuyen), Gigantopithecus and Homo teeth occur in the same deposits, dated as recently as 475,000 years ago. Furthermore, the discovery of an enormous jaw in the Dhok Pathan deposits of the Siwālik Hills of India, from the earliest Pliocene, has provided a respectably long…

  • Thames Barrier (engineering project, England, United Kingdom)

    London: Flood control: …machinery to form a continuous barrier sealing off London from the sea. Downstream of the Thames Barrier, to protect against the backsurge caused by its closure, elaborate walls were built along the estuary marshes with guillotine-style floodgates at the mouths of tributary rivers.

  • Thames Polytechnic (university, Greenwich, London, United Kingdom)

    Greenwich: The University of Greenwich was founded as Woolwich Polytechnic in 1890; it later became Thames Polytechnic and took on its current name and status in 1992.

  • Thames River (river, Ontario, Canada)

    Thames River, river in southern Ontario, Canada. The Thames is 160 miles (260 km) long. It rises north-northwest of Woodstock, in the uplands between Lakes Huron and Erie, and flows southwest past the towns of Woodstock, London, and Chatham to Lake Saint Clair. The river is navigable below Chatham.

  • Thames River Police (British history)

    police: The development of professional policing in England: …creation in 1798 of the Thames River Police, the first regular professional police force in London. Organized to reduce the thefts that plagued the world’s largest port and financed by merchants, the force was directed by Patrick Colquhoun and consisted of a permanent staff of 80 men and an on-call…

  • Thames Scamasax (English artifact)

    Thames Sword, weapon inlaid with brass and silver wire and inscribed with runes, discovered in 1857 near London in the bed of the River Thames. Probably carved in the 8th or 9th century, the inscription contains one of the two earliest examples of complete Old English runic alphabets. The Thames S

  • Thames Sword (English artifact)

    Thames Sword, weapon inlaid with brass and silver wire and inscribed with runes, discovered in 1857 near London in the bed of the River Thames. Probably carved in the 8th or 9th century, the inscription contains one of the two earliest examples of complete Old English runic alphabets. The Thames S

  • Thames Tunnel (tunnel, River Thames, London, England, United Kingdom)

    Thames Tunnel, tunnel designed by Marc Isambard Brunel and built under the River Thames in London. Drilled from Rotherhithe (in the borough of Southwark) to Wapping (now in Tower Hamlets), it was the first subaqueous tunnel in the world and was for many years the largest soft-ground tunnel. To

  • Thames Yacht Club (British organization)

    yacht: Yachting and yacht clubs: …racing dispute to become the Royal Thames Yacht Club in 1830. The first English yacht club had been formed at Cowes on the Isle of Wight in 1815, and royal patronage made the Solent, the strait between the mainland and the Isle of Wight, the continuing site of British yachting.…

  • Thames, Battle of the (War of 1812)

    Battle of the Thames, (Oct. 5, 1813), in the War of 1812, decisive U.S. victory over British and Indian forces in Ontario, Canada, enabling the United States to consolidate its control over the Northwest. After the U.S. naval triumph in the Battle of Lake Erie in September 1813, the British

  • Thames, River (river, England, United Kingdom)

    River Thames, chief river of southern England. Rising in the Cotswold Hills, its basin covers an area of approximately 5,500 square miles (14,250 square km). The traditional source at Thames Head, which is dry for much of the year, is marked by a stone in a field 356 feet (108.5 metres) above sea

  • Thami al-Glaoui (Berber chief)

    Morocco: The French protectorate (1912–56): …whom the best known was Thami al-Glaoui, were given a great deal of independence.

  • Thammasat University (university, Bangkok, Thailand)

    Pridi Phanomyong: …Moral and Political Science (now Thammasat University). He served as minister of finance (1938–41) under Phibunsongkhram but resigned in protest against pro-Japanese policies and was appointed regent for the boy king Ananda Mahidol, then at school in Switzerland. As regent, Pridi directed the anti-Japanese underground Free Thai Movement in the…

  • Thammayut (Buddhist order)

    Mongkut: …developed gradually grew into the Thammayut order, which to the present day is at the intellectual centre of Thai Buddhism. Mongkut’s friends in the 1840s included many leading princes and nobles who similarly were excited by the West. Convinced of the necessity of accommodation with the West, they took the…

  • Thammayut Nikaya (Buddhist order)

    Mongkut: …developed gradually grew into the Thammayut order, which to the present day is at the intellectual centre of Thai Buddhism. Mongkut’s friends in the 1840s included many leading princes and nobles who similarly were excited by the West. Convinced of the necessity of accommodation with the West, they took the…

  • Thamnophilidae (bird family)

    Antbird, (family Thamnophilidae), any of numerous insect-eating birds of the American tropics (order Passeriformes) known for habitually following columns of marching ants. There are roughly 210 species in some 45 genera. Like their near relatives, the Furnariidae, antbirds are highly diverse; all

  • Thamnophis (reptile)

    Garter snake, (genus Thamnophis), any of more than a dozen species of nonvenomous snakes having a striped pattern suggesting a garter: typically, one or three longitudinal yellow to red stripes, between which are checkered blotches. Forms in which the stripes are obscure or lacking are often called

  • Thamnophis sauritus (reptile species)

    garter snake: The ribbon snake (T. sauritus), small and slender, is a strongly striped form. Garter snakes live chiefly on insects, earthworms, and amphibians; the ribbon snake is especially fond of frogs. They do not lay eggs but generally breed in early spring and give birth in late…

  • Thamnophis sirtalis

    garter snake: …more defensive species is the common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis), probably North America’s most widely distributed reptile. The ribbon snake (T. sauritus), small and slender, is a strongly striped form. Garter snakes live chiefly on insects, earthworms, and amphibians; the ribbon snake is especially fond of frogs. They do not…

  • Thamnopteris (plant genus)

    Osmundaceae: Thamnopteris and Zalesskya are the earliest known members of the family. The Osmundaceae family is characterized by spore-producing structures (sporangia) that are either scattered or in clusters (sori) on the lower sides of leaflets (pinnae) or on both sides of special fertile regions of some…

  • Thamnotrizon apterus (insect)

    sound reception: Behavioral observations: …male katydid of the species Thamnotrizon apterus responds to the sound of another male by chirping. The first male responds in turn to the second male’s chirp, and the two insects then set up an alternating pattern of chirping. Although this pattern had been observed earlier, Regen was the first…

  • Thamūd (ancient Arabian tribe)

    Thamūd, in ancient Arabia, tribe or group of tribes that seem to have been prominent from about the 4th century bc to the first half of the 7th century ad. Although the Thamūd probably originated in southern Arabia, a large group apparently moved northward at an early date, traditionally settling

  • Thamūdene alphabet (epigraphy)

    Arabian religion: North and central Arabia: …“Thamūdic” graffiti are named after Thamūd, one of several Arabian tribes named in the Assyrian annals. Thamūdaeans are named about ad 169 in a Greek inscription on a Nabataean temple in the northeastern Hejaz, and in a 5th-century Byzantine source, as members of a cameleer corps on the northeastern Egyptian…

  • Thamūdic graffiti (epigraphy)

    Arabian religion: North and central Arabia: …“Thamūdic” graffiti are named after Thamūd, one of several Arabian tribes named in the Assyrian annals. Thamūdaeans are named about ad 169 in a Greek inscription on a Nabataean temple in the northeastern Hejaz, and in a 5th-century Byzantine source, as members of a cameleer corps on the northeastern Egyptian…

  • Thamugadi (Algeria)

    Thamugadi, ancient Roman city, the site of which, at present-day Timgad, on the high plateau north of the Aurès Mountains in northeastern Algeria, offers the most thoroughly excavated and best-preserved Roman remains in North Africa. Thamugadi, founded by the emperor Trajan in ad 100, proved to be

  • Thamyras (Greek mythology)

    Thamyris, in Greek mythology, a Thracian poet who loved the beautiful youth Hyacinthus. Thamyris’ attentions, however, were rivaled by those of the god Apollo, who jealously reported to the Muses the boast by Thamyris that he could surpass them in song. In another version of the myth, he challenged

  • Thamyris (Greek mythology)

    Thamyris, in Greek mythology, a Thracian poet who loved the beautiful youth Hyacinthus. Thamyris’ attentions, however, were rivaled by those of the god Apollo, who jealously reported to the Muses the boast by Thamyris that he could surpass them in song. In another version of the myth, he challenged

  • Than Mui (Thai filmmaker)

    Thailand: Drama and film: …directors is Mom Chao (Prince) Chatrichalerm Yukol, more commonly known by his nickname, Than Mui. In the 1970s and ’80s he produced a number of popular action films that explored the same themes of corruption, environmental degradation, and social inequality as did many fiction writers of the period. Than Mui…

  • Than Shwe (Myanmar soldier and politician)

    Than Shwe, Myanmar soldier and politician, leader of the ruling military junta in Myanmar (Burma) from 1992 to 2011. Than Shwe worked as a postal clerk before joining the army in 1953. For the rest of the decade, he served in the army’s psychological warfare department and participated in

  • Than Tun, Thakin (Myanmar politician)

    Thakin Than Tun, Burmese politician, leader of the Communist Party of Burma from 1945 until his death. Than Tun was educated at Rangoon (Yangon) Teachers’ Training School and taught at a high school in Rangoon. Influenced at an early age by Marxist writings, in 1936 he joined the nationalist Dobama

  • Thana (India)

    Thane, city, western Maharashtra state, western India. It lies at the mouth of the Thana River and head of the Ulhas estuary, northeast of central Mumbai (Bombay). The city is colloquially known as the “City of Lakes”, given the 30 scenic lakes located within the bounds of the city and district.

  • thanatology (death science)

    Thanatology, the description or study of death and dying and the psychological mechanisms of dealing with them. Thanatology is concerned with the notion of death as popularly perceived and especially with the reactions of the dying, from whom it is felt much can be learned about dealing with

  • Thanatopsis (poem by Bryant)

    Thanatopsis, poem by William Cullen Bryant, published in the North American Review in 1817 and then revised for the author’s Poems (1821). The poem, written when Bryant was 17, was his best-known work. In its musings on a magnificent, omnipresent Nature, “Thanatopsis,” whose Greek title means “view

  • Thanatos (Greek mythology)

    Thanatos, in ancient Greek religion and mythology, the personification of death. Thanatos was the son of Nyx, the goddess of night, and the brother of Hypnos, the god of sleep. He appeared to humans to carry them off to the underworld when the time allotted to them by the Fates had expired.

  • thanatos (psychology)

    libido: …instinct, libido was opposed by thanatos, the death instinct and source of destructive urges; the interaction of the two produced all the variations of human activity. Freud considered psychiatric symptoms the result of misdirection or inadequate discharge of libido.

  • Thanatos Syndrome, The (novel by Percy)

    Walker Percy: …The Second Coming (1980); and The Thanatos Syndrome (1987). He also wrote such nonfiction as The Message in the Bottle (1975), a sophisticated philosophical treatment of semantics, and Lost in the Cosmos: The Last Self-Help Book (1985), an offbeat amalgam of a self-help-book parody and a philosophical treatise.

  • thane (feudal lord)

    Thane, in English history before the Norman Conquest (1066), a free retainer or lord, corresponding in its various grades to the post-Conquest baron and knight. The word is extant only once in the laws before the time of King Aethelstan (d. 939). The thane became a member of a territorial

  • Thane (India)

    Thane, city, western Maharashtra state, western India. It lies at the mouth of the Thana River and head of the Ulhas estuary, northeast of central Mumbai (Bombay). The city is colloquially known as the “City of Lakes”, given the 30 scenic lakes located within the bounds of the city and district.

  • Thanesar (India)

    Kurukshetra, city, northeastern Haryana state, northwestern India. It is connected by road and rail with Delhi (south) and Amritsar (north). Kurukshetra’s urban area merges with Thanesar, an important Hindu pilgrimage centre. The city’s large reservoir is said to have been built by Raja Kuru, the

  • Thānesar (historical region, India)

    India: Successor states: Sthanvishvara (Thanesar) appears to have been a small principality, probably under the suzerainty of the Guptas. Harsha came to the throne in 606 and ruled for 41 years. The first of the major historical biographies in Sanskrit, the Harshacarita (“Deeds of Harsha”), was written by…

  • Thanet (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Thanet, district, administrative and historic county of Kent, southeastern England, in the extreme northeast of the county. It roughly coincides with the historic Isle of Thanet, but the modern administrative district extends south of the Great Stour river almost to Sandwich. Margate is its

  • Thanet, Isle of (island, England, United Kingdom)

    Isle of Thanet, island in the northeastern corner of the administrative and historic county of Kent, England, bounded by the Thames Estuary and two branches of the Great Stour River. It is 42 square miles (109 square km) in area and is composed mainly of a chalk outlier ending in the North

  • Thanetian Stage (paleontology)

    Thanetian Stage, uppermost division of Paleocene rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Thanetian Age (59.2 million to 56 million years ago) of the Paleogene Period (66 million to 23 million years ago). The Thanetian Stage is named for the Thanet Sands, Isle of Thanet, Kent,

  • Thang Long (national capital, Vietnam)

    Hanoi, city, capital of Vietnam. The city is situated in northern Vietnam on the western bank of the Red River, about 85 miles (140 km) inland from the South China Sea. In addition to being the national capital, Hanoi is also a province-level municipality (thanh pho), administered by the central

  • thang-ka (Buddhist art)

    Thang-ka, (Tibetan: “something rolled up”), Tibetan religious painting or drawing on woven material, usually cotton; it has a bamboo-cane rod pasted on the bottom edge by which it can be rolled up. Thang-kas are essentially aids for meditation, though they may be hung in temples or at family

  • Thang-stong rgyal-po (Tibetan bridge builder)

    Central Asian arts: Buddhist morality plays: …morality play was produced by Thang-stong rgyal-po, a famous bridge builder of the 15th century.

  • Thangbrand (German priest)

    Germanic religion and mythology: The end of paganism: …sent out the German priest Thangbrand c. 997. Thangbrand was a ruthless, brutal man; he was outlawed and returned to Norway c. 999. But in the year after Thangbrand left (c. 1000), the Icelandic parliament (Althingi) resolved, at the instigation of King Olaf, that all should be baptized, although concessions…

  • Thanh Hoa (Vietnam)

    Thanh Hoa, city, northern Vietnam. It is situated immediately south of the Red River (Song Hong) delta region, about 85 miles (137 km) south of Hanoi, on a small tributary of the Ma River. Connected to Hanoi by road and railway, it is a growing commercial and industrial centre. The Ma and Chu

  • Thanh Nien (Vietnamese political organization)

    Ho Chi Minh: Early life: …organizing them into the Vietnam Thanh Nien Cach Menh Dong Chi Hoi (“Vietnamese Revolutionary Youth Association”), which became famous under the name Thanh Nien. Almost all of its members had been exiled from Indochina because of their political beliefs and had gathered together in order to participate in the struggle…

  • Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)

    Ho Chi Minh City, largest city in Vietnam. It was the capital of the French protectorate of Cochinchina (1862–1954) and of South Vietnam (1954–75). The city lies along the Saigon River (Song Sai Gon) to the north of the Mekong River delta, about 50 miles (80 km) from the South China Sea. The

  • Thānī dynasty (ruling family of Qatar)

    Thānī dynasty, ruling family of Qatar. The āl Thānī are from the Tamīm tribe, which migrated eastward from central Arabia to the Qatar peninsula and emerged as a dominant ruling family in the mid-19th century. The second sheikh, Qāsim ibn Mu?ammad (1878–1913), is considered Qatar’s founder. The

  • Thānī, āl (ruling family of Qatar)

    Thānī dynasty, ruling family of Qatar. The āl Thānī are from the Tamīm tribe, which migrated eastward from central Arabia to the Qatar peninsula and emerged as a dominant ruling family in the mid-19th century. The second sheikh, Qāsim ibn Mu?ammad (1878–1913), is considered Qatar’s founder. The

  • Thānī, Sheikh ?amad ibn Khalīfah āl (emir of Qatar)

    Sheikh ?amad ibn Khalīfah āl Thānī, emir of Qatar (1995–2013). Sheikh ?amad took power from his father, Sheikh Khalīfah ibn ?amad āl Thānī, who had become Qatar’s leader just months after the country won independence from Great Britain in 1972. In 2013 ?amad abdicated in favour of his son Sheikh

  • Thāni, Sheikh Khalīfa ibn H?mad al- (emir of Qatar)

    Sheikh Khalīfah ibn ?amad al-Thānī, emir of Qatar (1972–95), who came to power five months after Qatar became a sovereign independent state (September 1971). Sheikh Khalīfah held numerous governmental posts, including chief of security forces, director of education, and minister of finance and

  • Thani, Sheikh Tamim ibn Hamad Al (emir of Qatar)

    Sheikh Tamim ibn Hamad Al Thani, emir of Qatar (2013– ) who succeeded his father, Sheikh Hamad, after Hamad abdicated in his favour. Tamim was educated in the United Kingdom. Like his father, he attended the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, graduating in 1998. He then returned to Qatar, where

  • Thani, Sheikha Al-Mayassa bint Hamad bin Khalifa Al (Qatari art curator)

    Sheikha Al-Mayassa bin Khalifa Al Thani, Qatari museum administrator who became chairperson of Qatar Museums (formerly Qatar Museums Authority [QMA]) in 2006, developing a reputation for her vision and energy. Sheikha Mayassa earned (2005) a B.A. in political science and literature from Duke

  • Thanjavur (India)

    Thanjavur, city, eastern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. An early capital of the Chola empire from the 9th to the 11th century, it was important during the Vijayanagar, Maratha, and British periods.

  • Thank God It’s Friday (film by Klane [1978])
  • Thank You for Smoking (film by Reitman [2005])

    J.K. Simmons: …in Jason Reitman’s satiric film Thank You for Smoking (2005), and he portrayed the father of the title character in Reitman’s Juno (2007).

  • Thank You for Your Service (film by Hall [2017])

    Amy Schumer: …tackling a dramatic role in Thank You for Your Service (2017), an examination of an Iraq War veteran’s struggles with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). She returned to comedy in I Feel Pretty (2018), playing an insecure woman who wakes up from a fall with unshakeable, if not delusional, self-confidence.

  • Thanks a Million (film by Del Ruth [1935])

    Roy Del Ruth: Middle years: …musicals continued with the snappy Thanks a Million (1935), starring Dick Powell as a gubernatorial candidate who is assisted by a campaign manager (Fred Allen). He then directed the more serious political drama It Had to Happen (1936), although George Raft and Rosalind Russell made for an unlikely pairing. Private…

  • Thanks for the Memory (song by Rainger and Robin)
  • Thanksgiving cactus (plant)

    Christmas cactus: …is often confused with the Thanksgiving cactus; however, in the former the margins of the stem joints are crenated (they have rounded indentations), whereas in the latter the margins are sharply saw-toothed. Given that Thanksgiving cacti bloom in late fall, they are often erroneously marketed as Christmas cacti.

  • Thanksgiving Day (holiday)

    Thanksgiving Day, annual national holiday in the United States and Canada celebrating the harvest and other blessings of the past year. Americans generally believe that their Thanksgiving is modeled on a 1621 harvest feast shared by the English colonists (Pilgrims) of Plymouth and the Wampanoag

  • Thanksgiving Psalms (Dead Sea Scroll)

    biblical literature: Hodayot: …modern Hebrew name for the Thanksgiving Psalms. This scroll contains sectarian hymns of praise to God. In its view of the fleshly nature of man, who can be justified only by God’s undeserved grace, it resembles St. Paul’s approach to the same problem. Some scholars think that the work, or…

  • Thanlwin River (river, Asia)

    Salween River, major stream of Southeast Asia and the longest in Myanmar (Burma). Rising in the T’ang-ku-la Mountains, a range of eastern Tibet, the river flows generally south for about 1,500 miles (2,400 km) through Yunnan province, China, and eastern Myanmar, emptying into the Gulf of Martaban

  • Thanom Kittikachorn (prime minister of Thailand)

    Thanom Kittikachorn, army general and prime minister of Thailand (1958, 1963–71, 1972–73). Thanom entered the army from the royal military academy in 1931. He was a close associate of Sarit Thanarat and, as commander of the important First Army in Bangkok, assisted him in overthrowing the

  • Thant, U (Myanmar educator and secretary-general of the United Nations)

    U Thant, Myanmar educator, civil servant, and third secretary general of the United Nations (1962–71). Neutralist by inclination and in practice, he criticized both West and East for actions and attitudes that he considered threatening to world peace. Thant was educated at the University of Yangon

  • Thanuppu (short stories by Das)

    Kamala Das: …works were the short-story collection Thanuppu (1967; “Cold”) and the memoir Balyakalasmaranakal (1987; “Memories of Childhood”). Perhaps her best-known work was an autobiography, which first appeared as a series of columns in the weekly Malayalanadu, then in Malayalam as Ente Katha (1973), and finally in English as My Story (1976).…

  • Thao Durong (Buddhist monk)

    Buddhism: Vietnam: …century by the Chinese monk Thao Durong. From 1414 to 1428 Buddhism in Vietnam was persecuted by the Chinese, who had again conquered the country. Tantrism, Daoism, and Confucianism also filtered into Vietnam at this time. Even after the Chinese had been driven back, a Chinese-like bureaucracy closely supervised the…

  • Thao Hung Thao Cheuang (Lao literature)

    Lao literature: Early Lao literature: …works as Sang Sinsai and Thao Hung Thao Cheuang were probably composed. The titles of these works are drawn from the names of their subjects: the former relates the exploits of a legendary prince, and the latter is the tale of a Southeast Asian warrior-king. Following the decline and subsequent…

  • Thao language

    Austronesian languages: Spacial orientation: Two widely separated examples are Thao (central Taiwan) tana-saya ‘uphill, toward the mountains,’ tana-raus ‘downhill, toward the sea’ and Hawaiian mauka ‘toward the mountains,’ makai ‘toward the sea.’ The monsoon axis is geographically more restricted, but the earlier reconstructed terms *habaRat ‘west monsoon’ and *timuR ‘southeast monsoon’ have been preserved…

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