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  • temperate zone (geography)

    Australia: Vegetation: The Temperate Zone, with a cool-to-warm (temperate-to-subtropical) climate and precipitation mostly in winter, is arced across the southern margin, embracing Tasmania and extending up the eastern seaboard to overlap slightly with the Tropical Zone. The Eremian Zone covers the whole of central Australia through to the…

  • temperature (physics)

    Temperature, measure of hotness or coldness expressed in terms of any of several arbitrary scales and indicating the direction in which heat energy will spontaneously flow—i.e., from a hotter body (one at a higher temperature) to a colder body (one at a lower temperature). Temperature is not the

  • temperature change (weather)

    climate: Short-term temperature changes: Many interesting short-term temperature fluctuations also occur, usually in connection with local weather disturbances. The rapid passage of a mid-latitude cold front, for example, can drop temperatures by 10 °C (18 °F) in a few minutes and, if followed by the sustained movement…

  • temperature control

    construction: Heating and cooling: Atmosphere-control systems in low-rise residential buildings use natural gas, fuel oil, or electric resistance coils as central heat sources; usually the heat generated is distributed to the occupied spaces by a fluid medium, either air or water. Electric resistance coils are also used to heat…

  • temperature differential

    ocean thermal energy conversion: … that makes use of the temperature differential between the warm surface waters of the oceans, heated by solar radiation, and the deeper cold waters to generate power in a conventional heat engine. The difference in temperature between the surface and the lower water layer can be as large as 50…

  • temperature inversion (meteorology)

    Temperature inversion, a reversal of the normal behaviour of temperature in the troposphere (the region of the atmosphere nearest the Earth’s surface), in which a layer of cool air at the surface is overlain by a layer of warmer air. (Under normal conditions air temperature usually decreases with

  • temperature lapse rate (meteorology)

    Lapse rate, rate of change in temperature observed while moving upward through the Earth’s atmosphere. The lapse rate is considered positive when the temperature decreases with elevation, zero when the temperature is constant with elevation, and negative when the temperature increases with

  • temperature stress (physiology)

    Temperature stress, physiological stress induced by excessive heat or cold that can impair functioning and cause injury or death. Exposure to intense heat increases body temperature and pulse rate. If body temperature is sufficiently high, sweating may cease, the skin may become dry, and deeper

  • temperature-dependent sex determination (reproduction)

    reptile: Embryonic development and parental care: Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD), discovered in the early 1970s, is the most researched of these factors. The sex of the offspring in species with TSD is influenced by the temperature during one critical period of incubation, instead of by hereditary factors. In most turtles females…

  • temperature-humidity index (meteorological measurement)

    Temperature–humidity index (THI), combination of temperature and humidity that is a measure of the degree of discomfort experienced by an individual in warm weather; it was originally called the discomfort index. The index is essentially an effective temperature based on air temperature and

  • temperature-jump relaxation technique (chemistry)

    relaxation phenomenon: Temperature-jump experiment: To summarize and clarify this discussion, a temperature-jump relaxation experiment—an important technique in relaxation studies—will be described. In this technique the equilibrium of a system is disrupted by suddenly changing the temperature and observing the concentrations of the reactants as a function of…

  • temperature-programmed gas chromatography (chemistry)

    chromatography: Gas chromatography: This technique is termed temperature-programmed gas chromatography.

  • temperature-salinity diagram

    hydrologic sciences: The physical properties of seawater: …graph with linear axes (a T–S diagram) can be a powerful research tool. A mass of fully mixed water having a homogeneous distribution of temperature and salinity would plot as a single point on a T–S diagram. For actual water masses it is common to find that points plotted for…

  • tempering (foodstuffs)

    frozen prepared food: Slicing and dicing: Tempering involves warming the frozen meats to temperatures slightly below their freezing point—for example, between -4° and -1° C (25° and 30° F). Tempering of frozen foods is often carried out in industrial-scale microwave ovens.

  • tempering (metallurgy)

    Tempering, in metallurgy, process of improving the characteristics of a metal, especially steel, by heating it to a high temperature, though below the melting point, then cooling it, usually in air. The process has the effect of toughening by lessening brittleness and reducing internal stresses.

  • Tempest (album by Dylan)

    Bob Dylan: …35th studio album, the rootsy Tempest (2012), found him as vigorous as ever. Dylan then turned his attention to the so-called Great American Songbook, especially standards recorded by Frank Sinatra. The resulting albums—Shadows in the Night (2015), Fallen Angels (2016), and the three-disc Triplicate (2017)—earned Dylan praise for his deeply…

  • Tempest (British aircraft)

    Typhoon: …an extensively redesigned version, the Tempest, that first flew in September 1942 and entered squadron service in the spring of 1944. The Tempest, with a larger wing of much thinner section, was the fastest piston-engined fighter of World War II at low altitudes, capable of 435 miles (700 km) per…

  • Tempest (film by Mazursky [1982])

    Paul Mazursky: Films of the 1980s: Tempest (1982), however, was an uneasy updating of Shakespeare’s play, with John Cassavetes as a world-weary New York architect who leaves his wife (Gena Rowlands) and takes his young daughter (Molly Ringwald in her film debut) to Greece, where he begins an affair with a…

  • Tempest (film by Taylor [1928])
  • Tempest II (British aircraft)

    Typhoon: …versions of the Tempest—including the Tempest II, powered by a 2,400-horsepower, 18-cylinder, air-cooled Bristol Centaurus radial engine—served with the Royal Air Force into the early 1950s. The naval version of the Tempest II, the Sea Fury, entered service as a carrier-fighter with the Royal Navy in 1948 and saw combat…

  • Tempest Tales, The (novel by Mosley)

    Walter Mosley: The Tempest Tales (2008) centres on a dead man whose refusal to accept St. Peter’s judgment results in his being returned to earth. Mosley adapted the latter work into his first play, The Fall of Heaven, which was staged in 2010. The Long Fall (2009)…

  • Tempest, Dame Marie (British actress)

    Dame Marie Tempest, English actress, known as “the queen of her profession,” who had a 55-year career as a star of light opera and legitimate comedy. Tempest was educated on the European continent but returned to London to study voice with Manuel Garcia, the tutor of Jenny Lind. She debuted in 1885

  • Tempest, Mount (dune, Queensland, Australia)

    Moreton Island: …912 feet (278 metres) at Mount Tempest. In 1770 Captain James Cook, the British navigator, visited the island, which he thought to be a peninsula, and named its northwest extremity Cape Moreton. The British navigator who surveyed the entire coast of Australia, Matthew Flinders, determined its insular characteristics in 1799.…

  • Tempest, The (work by Shakespeare)

    The Tempest, drama in five acts by William Shakespeare, first written and performed about 1611 and published in the First Folio of 1623 from an edited transcript, by Ralph Crane (scrivener of the King’s Men), of the author’s papers after they had been annotated for production. The play opens with a

  • Tempest, The (opera by Shadwell and Locke)

    Matthew Locke: …and for Shadwell’s version of The Tempest (1674). In The Tempest Locke used for the first time in English music directions such as “soft” and “louder by degrees” and included tremolos for stringed instruments.

  • Tempest, The (painting by Kokoschka)

    Alma Mahler: …times, most notably in The Tempest (1914; Die Windsbraut). In 1915 she married the architect Walter Gropius; they were divorced after World War I. She married the writer Franz Werfel in 1929. In the late 1930s the Werfels left Nazi Germany, eventually settling in the United States.

  • Tempest, The (painting by Giorgione)

    Giorgione: Works: The Tempest is a milestone in Renaissance landscape painting, with its dramatization of a storm about to break. Here is the kind of poetic interpretation of nature that the Renaissance writers Pietro Bembo and Jacopo Sannazzaro evoked. This feeling for nature is probably also intimately…

  • Tempest-Tost (novel by Davies)

    Tempest-Tost, novel by Robertson Davies, the first in his series of books known as the Salterton

  • Tempesta, Antonio (Italian artist)

    Moustiers faience: …inspired by the engravings of Antonio Tempesta (d. 1630); in the later period (1710–40), by the engravings of Jean Bérain the Elder (1638–1711), whose designs greatly influenced French decorative art at the time. Wares in the Bérain style, for which Moustiers is probably most famous, are delicate and fanciful; large…

  • Tempête, La (ballet by Coralli)

    Fanny Elssler: …1834 in Jean Co-alli’s ballet La Tempête, derived from William Shakespeare’s The Tempest. Her immediate success divided Parisian balletomanes into two camps, since the warmth and spontaneity of her dancing was in marked contrast to the ethereal lightness of her greatest rival, Marie Taglioni. Théophile Gautier called Elssler “the Spaniard…

  • Tempier, étienne (bishop of Paris)

    Siger de Brabant: …1270 the bishop of Paris, étienne Tempier, condemned 13 errors in the teaching of Siger and his partisans. Six years later the inquisitor of the Roman Catholic Church in France summoned Siger and two others suspected of heterodoxy, but they fled to Italy, where they probably entered an appeal before…

  • Tempietto (chapel, Rome, Italy)

    Tempietto, small circular chapel erected in the courtyard of San Pietro in Montorio in Rome on the supposed site of the martyrdom of St. Peter. It was commissioned by Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain and was built in 1502 after designs made by Donato Bramante. The design was inspired by a

  • Tempio Malatestiano (chapel, Rimini, Italy)

    Tempio Malatestiano, burial chapel in Rimini, Italy, for Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, the lord of the city, together with his mistress Isotta degli Atti and the Malatesta family. The “temple” was converted, beginning in 1446, from the Gothic-style Church of San Francesco according to the plans of

  • Templar, Simon (fictional character)

    The Saint, fictional English gentleman-adventurer who was the protagonist of short stories and mystery novels by Leslie Charteris. A good-natured, gallant figure, Templar defies social convention and lives outside the law, and yet he emerges untarnished from his shadowy adventures. Meet the Tiger

  • Templars (religious military order)

    Templar, member of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon, a religious military order of knighthood established at the time of the Crusades that became a model and inspiration for other military orders. Originally founded to protect Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land, the order

  • Templars, Chapel of the (chapel, Laon, France)

    Laon: A 12th-century octagonal Chapel of the Templars stands in the museum gardens. The old town has a monument to the explorer Jacques Marquette, also born in Laon.

  • template (psychology)

    hallucination: The nature of hallucinations: …variously been called neural traces, templates, or engrams. Ideas and images are held to derive from the incorporation and activation of these engrams in complex circuits involving nerve cells. Such circuits in the cortex (outer layers) of the brain appear to subserve the neurophysiology of memory, thought, imagination,

  • template replication (biology)

    reproduction: Molecular replication: …the process is called a template replication—one strand serves as the mold for the other. It should be added that the steps involving the duplication of DNA do not occur spontaneously; they require catalysts in the form of enzymes that promote the replication process.

  • template-cutting method (machinery)

    machine tool: Gear-cutting machines: The template-cutting method uses a template to guide a single-point cutter on large bevel-gear cutting machines.

  • Temple (Texas, United States)

    Temple, city, Bell county, central Texas, U.S. It lies along the Little River, just southeast of Belton Lake (impounded on the Leon River) and some 35 miles (55 km) south-southwest of Waco. With the cities of Bartlett, Belton, Copperas Cove, Gatesville, Salado, and Killeen, it forms part of the

  • temple (building)

    Temple, edifice constructed for religious worship. Most of Christianity calls its places of worship churches; many religions use temple, a word derived in English from the Latin word for time, because of the importance to the Romans of the proper time of sacrifices. The name synagogue, which is

  • temple city (Mesopotamian history)

    history of Mesopotamia: Territorial states: …the concept of the Sumerian temple city, which was used to convey the idea of an organism whose ruler, as representative of his god, theoretically owned all land, privately held agricultural land being a rare exception. The concept of the temple city had its origin partly in the overinterpretation of…

  • Temple Compound (sacred site, Jerusalem)

    Israel: The war of 1948: …last remnant of the ancient Temple destroyed by the Romans and held holy by Jews, was occupied by the Jordanians, and Jerusalem’s lifeline to the coast was jeopardized. The Egyptians held Gaza, and the Syrians entrenched themselves in the Golan Heights overlooking Galilee. The 1948 war was Israel’s costliest: more…

  • Temple Mount (sacred site, Jerusalem)

    Jerusalem: City layout: …the raised platform of the Temple Mount—known in Hebrew as Har Ha-Bayit, the site of the First and Second Temples, and known to Islam as Al-?aram al-Sharīf (“The Noble Sanctuary”), a Muslim holy place containing the Dome of the Rock, Al-Aq?ā Mosque, and other structures. The rest of the area…

  • Temple of Apollo Epikourios (archaeological site, Bassae, Greece)

    Ictinus: The Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae (in Arcadia, near Phigalia) was said to be modeled after the Temple of Athena Alea (by Scopas) at Tegea, the most beautiful temple in the Peloponnese, which incorporated the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders in novel ways. Most of…

  • Temple of Dawn, The (novel by Mishima)

    The Sea of Fertility: …Horses), Akatsuki no tera (The Temple of Dawn), and Tennin gosui (The Decay of the Angel)—is set in Japan, and together they cover the period from roughly 1912 to the 1960s. Each of them depicts a different reincarnation of the same being: as a young aristocrat in 1912, as…

  • Temple of Flora, The (novel by Mavor)

    Elizabeth Mavor: At the end of The Temple of Flora (1961), the heroine renounces her married lover but realizes the depths of emotion of which she is capable. Mavor’s third novel, The Redoubt (1967), is concerned with betrayal and regrowth; it uses shifting narrators and techniques to contrast the unhappy marriages…

  • Temple of Gold, The (novel by Goldman)

    William Goldman: His first novel, The Temple of Gold, was published the following year. In 1961 he cowrote the play Blood, Sweat, and Stanley Poole and a poorly received musical, A Family Affair (1962), with his older brother, James.

  • Temple of the Golden Pavilion, The (novel by Mishima)

    The Temple of the Golden Pavilion, novel by Mishima Yukio, first published in Japanese as Kinkakuji in 1956. The novel is considered one of the author’s masterpieces. A fictionalized account of the actual torching of a Kyōto temple by a disturbed Buddhist acolyte in 1950, the novel reflects

  • Temple School (seminary, Independence, Missouri, United States)

    Community of Christ: Temple School, a ministerial and leadership seminary, is in Independence.

  • Temple Scroll

    biblical literature: The Book of Jubilees: The (unpublished) Temple Scroll, a book of sectarian prescriptions that paraphrases—also as divine revelation—a part of the Mosaic Law and was composed by the Dead Sea sect before 100 bce (i.e., in the same period as the Book of Jubilees), closely resembles some parts of the Book…

  • temple sleep (religion)

    oracle: …the most common methods was incubation, in which the inquirer slept in a holy precinct and received an answer in a dream.

  • Temple University (university, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Temple University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is a state-related university and comprises nine campuses: four in Philadelphia, two in Montgomery county, one in Harrisburg, and two abroad, in Rome and Tokyo. Courses are also

  • Temple, Ed (American track-and-field coach)

    Ed Temple, (Edward Stanley Temple), American track-and-field coach (born Sept. 20, 1927, Harrisburg, Pa.—died Sept. 22, 2016, Nashville, Tenn.), led (1950–94) Tennessee State University’s women’s track-and-field program, training athletes who won a total of 23 Olympic medals (13 gold, 6 silver, and

  • Temple, Edward Stanley (American track-and-field coach)

    Ed Temple, (Edward Stanley Temple), American track-and-field coach (born Sept. 20, 1927, Harrisburg, Pa.—died Sept. 22, 2016, Nashville, Tenn.), led (1950–94) Tennessee State University’s women’s track-and-field program, training athletes who won a total of 23 Olympic medals (13 gold, 6 silver, and

  • Temple, Frederick (archbishop of Canterbury)

    Frederick Temple, archbishop of Canterbury and educational reformer who was sometimes considered to personify, by his rugged appearance and terse manner as a schoolmaster and bishop, the ideal of “manliness” fashionable during the Victorian era (1837–1901) in Britain. Ordained a priest in 1847,

  • Temple, George Nugent Temple Grenville, 2nd Earl (British statesman)

    George Nugent Temple Grenville, 1st marquess of Buckingham, George Grenville’s second son, created (1784) the marquess of Buckingham (the town). He made his mark as lord lieutenant of Ireland. Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, Temple was member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire from 1774

  • Temple, Henry John, 3rd Viscount Palmerston (prime minister of United Kingdom)

    Lord Palmerston, English Whig-Liberal statesman whose long career, including many years as British foreign secretary (1830–34, 1835–41, and 1846–51) and prime minister (1855–58 and 1859–65), made him a symbol of British nationalism. The christening of Henry John Temple in the “House of Commons

  • Temple, Le (prison, Paris, France)

    Le Temple, in Paris, originally a fortified monastery of the Templars and later a royal prison. It was built in the 12th century northeast of the city in an area commanded by the Templars; the area is now the Temple quarter of Paris (3rd arrondissement). By the 13th century the Temple, especially

  • Temple, Presentation of Christ in the (religious festival)

    Candlemas, Christian festival on February 2 commemorating the occasion when the Virgin Mary, in obedience to Jewish law, went to the Temple in Jerusalem both to be purified 40 days after the birth of her son, Jesus, and to present him to God as her firstborn (Luke 2:22–38). The festival was

  • Temple, Richard Grenville-Temple, 1st Earl (British statesman)

    Richard Grenville-Temple, 1st Earl Temple, English statesman, the brother-in-law of William Pitt, under whom he served as first lord of the Admiralty. The eldest son of Richard Grenville (d. 1727) and Hester, afterward Countess Temple, he was educated at Eton and was member of Parliament from 1734

  • Temple, Richard Grenville-Temple, 1st Earl, Viscount Cobham, Baron Cobham (British statesman)

    Richard Grenville-Temple, 1st Earl Temple, English statesman, the brother-in-law of William Pitt, under whom he served as first lord of the Admiralty. The eldest son of Richard Grenville (d. 1727) and Hester, afterward Countess Temple, he was educated at Eton and was member of Parliament from 1734

  • Temple, Shirley (American actress and diplomat)

    Shirley Temple, American actress and public official who was an internationally popular child star of the 1930s, best known for sentimental musicals. For much of the decade, she was one of Hollywood’s greatest box-office attractions. Encouraged to perform by her mother, Temple began taking dance

  • Temple, Shirley Jane (American actress and diplomat)

    Shirley Temple, American actress and public official who was an internationally popular child star of the 1930s, best known for sentimental musicals. For much of the decade, she was one of Hollywood’s greatest box-office attractions. Encouraged to perform by her mother, Temple began taking dance

  • Temple, Sir William, Baronet (English statesman)

    Sir William Temple, Baronet, English statesman and diplomat who formulated the pro-Dutch foreign policy employed intermittently during the reign of King Charles II. In addition, his thought and prose style had a great influence on many 18th-century writers, particularly on Jonathan Swift. Temple

  • Temple, The (courthouse, London, United Kingdom)

    The Temple, in London, series of buildings associated with the legal profession. The Temple lies between Fleet Street and the Embankment in the City of London and is mainly divided into the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple, two of the four Inns of Court, which are controlled by their respective

  • Temple, William (archbishop of Canterbury)

    William Temple, archbishop of Canterbury who was a leader in the ecumenical movement and in educational and labour reforms. Temple was the son of Frederick Temple, who also served as archbishop of Canterbury (1896–1902). The younger Temple lectured in philosophy at Queen’s College, Oxford

  • Templer, Sir Gerald (British official)

    Malayan Emergency: …leadership of British high commissioner Sir Gerald Templer, however, the British began addressing political and economic grievances. In the early 1950s several measures, including local elections and the creation of village councils, were introduced to facilitate independence. In addition, many Chinese were granted citizenship. Such actions decreased support for the…

  • Templeton Prize (award)

    Templeton Prize, award presented annually to a living person who has “made an exceptional contribution to affirming life’s spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works.” Though the prize is considered by some to be the equivalent of a Nobel Prize for religion,

  • Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion (award)

    Templeton Prize, award presented annually to a living person who has “made an exceptional contribution to affirming life’s spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works.” Though the prize is considered by some to be the equivalent of a Nobel Prize for religion,

  • Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries About Spiritual Realities (award)

    Templeton Prize, award presented annually to a living person who has “made an exceptional contribution to affirming life’s spiritual dimension, whether through insight, discovery, or practical works.” Though the prize is considered by some to be the equivalent of a Nobel Prize for religion,

  • Templeton, Fay (American singer and actress)

    Fay Templeton, American singer and actress who enjoyed popularity in a career that extended from light opera to burlesque to musical theatre. Templeton was the daughter of theatrical parents—principals in the touring John Templeton Opera Company—and grew up entirely in that milieu. She was carried

  • Templeton, James (Scottish manufacturer)

    floor covering: Carpet and rug weaving: …process, which was patented by James Templeton of Glasgow, gave increased colour range to carpet designs.

  • Templeton, Sir John Marks (American-born British investor, mutual fund manager, and philanthropist)

    Sir John Marks Templeton, American-born British investor, mutual fund manager, and philanthropist (born Nov. 29, 1912, Winchester, Tenn.—died July 8, 2008, Nassau, Bahamas), was noted for his focus on global stock markets rather than shares in American companies and for his emphasis on shrewd

  • Templewood of Chelsea, Viscount (British statesman)

    Sir Samuel Hoare, 2nd Baronet, British statesman who was a chief architect of the Government of India Act of 1935 and, as foreign secretary (1935), was criticized for his proposed settlement of Italian claims in Ethiopia (the Hoare–Laval Plan). He was the elder son of Sir Samuel Hoare, whose

  • Templum Domini (ancient temple, Jerusalem)

    Dome of the Rock: …the Rock to be the Temple of Solomon (Templum Domini). The Knights Templar were quartered there following the conquest of Jerusalem by a Crusader army in 1099, and Templar churches in Europe imitated its design. The Dome was used as church until a Muslim army recaptured Jerusalem in 1187.

  • tempo (music)

    musical expression: …of the piece to the tempo indication to the kinds of note values employed.

  • tempo (art)

    motion picture: Tempo: The tempo or pace that an audience senses in a film may be influenced in three ways: by the actual speed and rhythm of movement and cuts within the film, by the accompanying music, and by the content of the story. For most people,…

  • tempo e o vento, O (novel by Veríssimo)

    érico Lopes Veríssimo: , Time and the Wind, 1951), traces the history of a Brazilian family through several generations to the late 20th century. It is perhaps the most faithful portrayal of the gaucho.

  • tempo giusto (music)

    folk music: Singing styles: …which he named parlando-rubato and tempo giusto. Parlando-rubato, stressing the words, departs frequently from strict metric and rhythmic patterns and is often highly ornamented, while tempo giusto follows metric patterns and maintains an even tempo. Both singing styles can be heard in many parts of Europe and in European-derived folk…

  • tempo mark (music)

    musical notation: Tempo and duration: The tempo mark is a sign that lies outside the staff. It appears above and may be a precise fixing of one duration (“? = 120 MM” means that the quarter note lasts 1120 of a minute, or one-half second), or it may be an approximate…

  • Tempō reforms (Japanese history)

    Tempō reforms, (1841–43), unsuccessful attempt by the Tokugawa shogunate (1603–1868) to restore the feudal agricultural society that prevailed in Japan at the beginning of its rule. Named after the Tempō era (1830–44) in which they occurred, the reforms demonstrated the ineffectiveness of

  • tempo rubato (music)

    Rubato, (from Italian rubare, “to rob”), in music, subtle rhythmic manipulation and nuance in performance. For greater musical expression, the performer may stretch certain beats, measures, or phrases and compact others. The technique is seldom indicated on a musical score but may be utilized

  • tempo si è fermato, Il (film by Olmi)

    Ermanno Olmi: …tempo si è fermato (1959; Time Stood Still), an analysis of the relationship between two guards forced to spend the winter together in inactivity. The success of this film led to the formation of 22 December S.p.A., a production company cofounded by Olmi that distributed his first commercial feature film,…

  • Tempo, Il (Italian newspaper)

    Il Tempo, (Italian: “Time”) morning daily newspaper published in Rome, one of Italy’s outstanding newspapers and one with broad appeal and influence in the Roman region. It was founded in 1944 by Renato Angiolillo as a conservative paper with a strong anticommunist bias. Il Tempo quickly became

  • temporal arteritis (pathology)

    connective tissue disease: Necrotizing vasculitides: Giant-cell or temporal arteritis occurs chiefly in older people and is manifested by severe temporal or occipital headaches (in the temples or at the back of the head), mental disturbances, visual difficulties, fever, anemia, aching pains and weakness in the muscles of the shoulder and pelvic girdles…

  • temporal bone

    skull: The parietal and temporal bones form the sides and uppermost portion of the dome of the cranium, and the frontal bone forms the forehead; the cranial floor consists of the sphenoid and ethmoid bones. The facial area includes the zygomatic, or malar, bones (cheekbones), which join with the…

  • temporal cortex (anatomy)

    epilepsy: Partial-onset seizures: …the frontal lobe or the temporal lobe.

  • temporal division (law)

    property law: Temporal divisions: Anglo-American law is notorious for the number and complexity of temporal divisions of ownership it allows. The English law on the topic was considerably simplified in 1925, when it became impossible to have legal ownership divided temporally other than between landlord and tenant.…

  • temporal isolation (biology)

    evolution: Temporal isolation: Populations may mate or flower at different seasons or different times of day. Three tropical orchid species of the genus Dendrobium each flower for a single day; the flowers open at dawn and wither by nightfall. Flowering occurs in response to certain meteorological…

  • temporal law (international law)

    Cornelis van Bynkershoek: …helped develop international law along positivist lines.

  • temporal lobe (anatomy)

    epilepsy: Partial-onset seizures: …the frontal lobe or the temporal lobe.

  • temporal logic

    applied logic: Temporal logic: Temporal notions have historically close relationships with logical ones. For example, many early thinkers who did not distinguish logical and natural necessity from each other (e.g., Aristotle) assimilated to each other necessary truth and omnitemporal truth (truth obtaining at all times), as well…

  • temporal summation (physiology)

    summation: …on one nerve are called temporal summation; the addition of simultaneous stimuli from several conducting fibres is called spatial summation.

  • Temporale (Christianity)

    church year: The major church calendars: …two concurrent cycles: (1) the Proper of Time (Temporale), or seasons and Sundays that revolve around the movable date of Easter and the fixed date of Christmas, and (2) the Proper of Saints (Sanctorale), other commemorations on fixed dates of the year. Every season and holy day is a celebration,…

  • temporalis muscle (anatomy)

    zygomatic arch: …another major chewing muscle, the temporalis, passes through the arch. The zygomatic arch is particularly large and robust in herbivorous animals, including baboons and apes. In human evolution the zygomatic arch has tended to become more gracile (slender). For example, Australopithecus robustus, an early hominid, had a large zygomatic arch,…

  • Temporary Emergency Relief Administration (United States history)

    Franklin D. Roosevelt: Paralysis to presidency: …Republican-dominated legislature to establish the Temporary Emergency Relief Administration, which eventually provided unemployment assistance to 10 percent of New York’s families. His aggressive approach to the economic problems of his state, along with his overwhelming electoral victory in 1930, boosted Roosevelt into the front ranks of contenders for the Democratic…

  • temporary hair loss (dermatology)

    baldness: …destruction of hair follicles, and temporary hair loss, arising from transitory damage to the follicles. The first category is dominated by male pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia), which occurs to some degree in as much as 40 percent of some male populations. The hair loss in male pattern baldness progresses gradually,…

  • Temporary Higher Church Administration (Russian Orthodoxy)

    Renovated Church: … and Vladimir Krasnitsky, organized a Temporary Higher Church Administration, which rapidly evolved into a general movement aimed at deposing the patriarch and introducing radical church reforms. The Temporary Administration found support among some bishops, but it was particularly popular with the “white,” or married, clergy, who were excluded from promotion…

  • temporary incapacity benefit

    insurance: Classes of benefits: Second is a temporary incapacity benefit, which lasts as long as the medical benefit except that a waiting period of a few days is frequently prescribed. The benefit varies from country to country, ranging from 50 percent of the employee’s wage to 100 percent; the most common benefits…

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