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  • tear duct (anatomy)

    Tear duct and glands, structures that produce and distribute the watery component of the tear film. Tears consist of a complex and usually clear fluid that is diffused between the eye and the eyelid. Further components of the tear film include an inner mucous layer produced by specialized

  • tear gas (chemistry)

    Tear gas, any of a group of substances that irritate the mucous membranes of the eyes, causing a stinging sensation and tears. They may also irritate the upper respiratory tract, causing coughing, choking, and general debility. Tear gas was first used in World War I in chemical warfare, but since

  • tear gland (anatomy)

    tear duct and glands: …lachrymal, or lacrimal, duct and glands, structures that produce and distribute the watery component of the tear film. Tears consist of a complex and usually clear fluid that is diffused between the eye and the eyelid. Further components of the tear film include an inner mucous layer produced by specialized…

  • Tear, Robert (Welsh singer)

    Robert Tear, Welsh tenor (born March 8, 1939, Barry, Glamorgan, Wales—died March 29, 2011, London, Eng.), excelled at English-language operas by Benjamin Britten and Sir Michael Tippett, as well as English choral works by Henry Purcell, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Edward Elgar, and others. He was

  • Tearle, Sir Godfrey (British actor)

    Jill Bennett: …love affair with 60-year-old actor Sir Godfrey Tearle; in her book Godfrey: A Special Time Remembered (1983) she described their four years together as the happiest of her life. Their relationship inspired the play Time Present by John Osborne (1968), in which Bennett won the Variety Club and Evening Standard…

  • Tears of a Clown, The (recording by Smokey Robinson and the Miracles)

    Stevie Wonder: …cowritten, with Smokey Robinson, “The Tears of a Clown.”)

  • Tears of the Indians, The (work by Las Casas)

    Bartolomé de Las Casas: The Apologética and the Destrucción: …of still another work, the Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias (A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies), which he wrote in 1542 and in which the historical events described are in themselves of less importance than their theological interpretation: “The reason why the Christians have…

  • Tears on My Pillow (recording by Little Anthony and the Imperials)

    Little Anthony and the Imperials: …with their second single, “Tears on My Pillow” (1958), a doo-wop ballad distinguished by Gourdine’s youthful falsetto. While introducing the song on the radio, influential disc jockey Alan Freed, an early supporter, called the group Little Anthony and the Imperials (in reference to Gourdine), and the moniker stuck. After…

  • Tears, Trail of (United States history)

    Trail of Tears, in U.S. history, the forced relocation during the 1830s of Eastern Woodlands Indians of the Southeast region of the United States (including Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole, among other nations) to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Estimates based on

  • Teasdale, Sara (American poet)

    Sara Teasdale, American poet whose short, personal lyrics were noted for their classical simplicity and quiet intensity. Teasdale was educated privately and made frequent trips to Chicago, where she eventually became part of Harriet Monroe’s Poetry magazine circle. Her first published poem appeared

  • Teasdale, Sara Trevor (American poet)

    Sara Teasdale, American poet whose short, personal lyrics were noted for their classical simplicity and quiet intensity. Teasdale was educated privately and made frequent trips to Chicago, where she eventually became part of Harriet Monroe’s Poetry magazine circle. Her first published poem appeared

  • teasel (plant genus)

    Teasel, (genus Dipsacus), genus of about 15 species in the honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae), native to Europe, the Mediterranean area, and tropical Africa. The plants are sometimes grown as ornamentals or to attract birds, and the dried flower heads are used in the floral industry. Many teasels

  • teasel (plant clade)

    Dipsacales: Dipsacus clade: The Dipsacus clade, or the teasel clade, includes 11 genera and 290 species, most of them Eurasian or African (many are from the Mediterranean region). They are herbs with bilaterally symmetric flowers clustered in heads or involucres, a well-developed epicalyx, and fruits that…

  • teasel order (plant order)

    Dipsacales, teasel or honeysuckle order of flowering plants, containing 46 genera and about 1,090 species, which are distributed worldwide but centred mainly in the Northern Hemisphere. The order is best known for its ornamental plants, such as honeysuckle (Lonicera), arrowwood and guelder rose

  • teat (mammary gland)

    hyperthelia: nipples, a condition of relatively frequent occurrence (1 percent of male and female human population). The nipples usually occur along the primitive milk line, between the armpit and groin, corresponding to the distribution in lower animals. Usually accessory nipples lack mammary tissue, but occasionally, especially…

  • Teataja (Estonian newspaper)

    Konstantin P?ts: …he founded the Estonian-language newspaper Teataja (“Announcer”), which reflected P?ts’s socialistic leanings. In 1904 P?ts became deputy mayor of Tallinn. During an Estonian rising in connection with the 1905 Russian Revolution, P?ts, although he had called for restraint, was sentenced to death and had to flee Estonia. He was not…

  • Teate (Italy)

    Chieti, city, Abruzzi regione, central Italy, on a hill overlooking the Pescara River, south of Pescara. It originated as Teate, chief town of the Marrucini (an ancient Italic tribe), and was taken by the Romans in 305 bc. Destroyed by the barbarians and rebuilt by Theodoric the Ostrogoth king in

  • Teatr 13 Rzedow (theatrical group, Poland)

    directing: Directorial styles: …intense physicality to Jerzy Grotowski’s Polish Laboratory Theatre from Wroc?aw in Poland, though the two companies had been founded independently in the early 1960s.

  • Teatr Loh (international dance company)

    Julie Taymor: Early life and career: …Ford Foundation grant, she founded Teatr Loh—a group of German, American, French, Sudanese, Javanese, and Balinese puppeteers, musicians, dancers, and actors—and developed her first theatre works, Way of Snow and Tirai. In 1980 and ’81 Taymor restaged both of those works in New York City. In 1980 she met composer…

  • Teatro all’Antica (theatre, Sabbioneta, Italy)

    theatre: The revival of theatre building in Italy: In 1588–89 Scamozzi designed the Teatro all’Antica, a small court theatre for the Gonzaga family at Sabbioneta. Unlike the Teatro Olimpico the stage here is a single architectural vista behind a shallow-raked open platform, after the manner of the stage illustrated by Sebastiano Serlio. At Sabbioneta a divided horsehoe-shaped bank…

  • teatro alla moda, Il (work by Marcello)

    Benedetto Marcello: …two works: the satirical pamphlet Il teatro alla moda (1720); and Estro poeticoarmonico (1724–26), a setting for voices and instruments of the first 50 psalms in an Italian paraphrase by G. Giustiniani. Il teatro alla moda is an amusing pamphlet in which Marcello vented his opinions on the state of…

  • teatro alla moda, o sia metodo sicuro e facile per ben comporre ed eseguire opere italiane in musica, Il (work by Marcello)

    Benedetto Marcello: …two works: the satirical pamphlet Il teatro alla moda (1720); and Estro poeticoarmonico (1724–26), a setting for voices and instruments of the first 50 psalms in an Italian paraphrase by G. Giustiniani. Il teatro alla moda is an amusing pamphlet in which Marcello vented his opinions on the state of…

  • Teatro alla Scala (opera house, Milan, Italy)

    La Scala, theatre in Milan, one of the principal opera houses of the world and the leading Italian house. Built in 1776–78 by Empress Maria Theresa of Austria (whose country then ruled Milan), it replaced an earlier theatre that had burned. In 1872 it became the property of the city of Milan. The

  • Teatro Amazonas (opera house, Manaus, Brazil)

    Manaus: …and ornate opera house (Teatro Amazonas, constructed 1896 and renovated 1987–90), and the creation of port commerce date from that period. Manaus also became one of the first cities in Brazil to have electricity. It was made an episcopal see in 1892. In 1902 a British corporation began improvements…

  • Teatro Campesino, El (theatrical group)

    theatrical production: Other systems: …Bread and Puppet Theatre, and El Teatro Campesino. The San Francisco Mime Troupe revived commedia dell’arte techniques in their politically motivated street performances. El Teatro Campesino invented the acto in an attempt to create a specifically Chicano (Mexican American) theatre. Many of their early performances took place on the picket…

  • Teatro crítico universal (work by Feijóo y Montenegro)

    Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro: His two principal works, Teatro crítico universal (1726–39) and Cartas eruditas y curiosas (1742–60), deal with an encyclopaedic variety of subjects: natural science, education, law, medicine, philology, and popular beliefs or superstitions.

  • teatro de arte en Espa?a, Un (work by Martínez Sierra)

    Gregorio Martínez Sierra: …is described in his book Un teatro de arte en Espa?a (1926; “An Art Theatre in Spain”). His popularity waned after his death.

  • Teatro del Mondo (theatre, Venice, Italy)

    Aldo Rossi: …1979 when he designed the Teatro del Mondo, a floating theatre. The wood-clad structure, featuring an octagonal tower, recalled the Venetian tradition of floating theatres and, Rossi believed, tapped into the collective architectural memory of the city.

  • Teatro dell’Opera (theatre, Rome, Italy)

    Rome: The Viminal and Quirinal: Nearby is the Teatro dell’Opera (Opera House), built in 1880 by Achille Sfondrini. It was acquired by the state in 1926 and is Rome’s most important lyric theatre.

  • teatro della sala (theatre design)

    theatre design: Renaissance: …“theatre in the hall” (teatro della sala), an arrangement that became a dominant form of theatre design in the Renaissance, when formal experimentation was being undertaken by academic institutions (academies, grammar schools, Jesuit colleges, universities, etc.), by members of the nobility who competed with one another to put on…

  • Teatro di San Cassiano (opera house, Venice, Italy)

    Venice: Music: …opening in 1637 of the San Cassiano Theatre (Europe’s first public opera house), the commercial flair of Venice’s patricians, allied to the secular ambitions of choirmasters of San Marco such as Monteverdi and Francesco Cavalli (both noted opera composers) and Giovanni Legrenzi, made Venice the operatic capital of Europe.

  • Teatro espa?ol (work by García de la Huerta)

    Vicente García de la Huerta: His 16-volume Teatro espa?ol (1785–86; “Spanish Theatre”), a collection of Spanish drama from the Golden Age (c. 1500–1650), was personal in its outlook, reflecting his particular interest in classical drama; Lope de Vega, Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, and several other important dramatists of the Golden Age were…

  • Teatro Grottesco (Italian theatrical movement)

    Western theatre: Italy: Another movement was the Teatro Grottesco, which explored the contradictions between outward appearance and inner reality. This became a central theme in the work of the dramatist Luigi Pirandello, whose plays questioned the very basis of realism on a stage that was itself artifice. After his best-known play, Sei…

  • Teatro Novo (essay by Gar??o)

    Pedro António Correia Gar??o: The Teatro Novo (1766; “New Theatre”) attacked foreign influences in the theatre, especially Italianate ones, and the Assembléia ou Partida (“Meeting or Parting”) satirized the social life of Lisbon. In the “Cantata de Dido,” included in the latter play, he combined the spirit of classical art…

  • Teatro Olimpico (theatre, Vicenza, Italy)

    Vincenzo Scamozzi: He completed Palladio’s Teatro Olimpico in 1585, adding to it the model streets behind the doorways of the frons scaenae; these streets were constructed of timber and plaster on a raking stage and arranged so that each member of the audience could see into at least one of…

  • teatro por horas (Spanish musical theatre form)

    zarzuela: …with the emergence of the teatro por horas (“one-hour theatre”). The short-length format allowed for more-focused stories and chamberlike pieces that, with few exceptions, differentiated the Spanish forms from its European contemporaries. In addition, the teatro por horas proved to be economically advantageous for entrepreneurial impresarios because its short duration…

  • Teatro sintetico futurista (work by Marinetti)

    Filippo Tommaso Marinetti: …theory in a prose work, Teatro sintetico futurista (1916; “Synthetic Futurist Theatre”).

  • teatro stabili (Italian theatre)

    Western theatre: Other European countries: …of permanent regional companies (teatri stabili) immediately after World War II. The first of these, the Piccolo Teatro di Milano, was controlled by Giorgio Strehler, Italy’s finest director. His production of Carlo Goldoni’s play Servitore di due padrone (c. 1745; The Servant of Two Masters), frequently revived after 1947,…

  • Teavangelicals, The

    As the Tea Party movement continued to exert its influence on American politics in 2013, pollsters and pundits sought to decode the demographics of its members. Although the Tea Party was widely perceived to be broadly libertarian in nature, the Public Religion Research Institute’s 2013 American

  • Teays River System (ancient river system, North America)

    valley: Paleovalleys: …paleovalley, which is called the Teays River System. The advances of Quaternary ice over the course of the Teays River eventually caused the drainage to shift from the Teays route to one roughly paralleling the glacial boundary. The modern Ohio River is the product of this heritage.

  • Teazle, Lady (fictional character)

    Lady Teazle, fictional character, the young, flirtatious, naive wife of an old London man in Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s comedy The School for Scandal

  • Teba, Eugénie, comtesse de (empress of France)

    Eugénie, wife of Napoleon III and empress of France (1853–70), who came to have an important influence on her husband’s foreign policy. The daughter of a Spanish noble who fought on the French side during Napoleon I’s Peninsular War in Spain, Eugénie went to Paris when Louis-Napoléon became

  • Tebaldi, Renata (Italian singer)

    Renata Tebaldi, Italian operatic soprano, a star at both Milan’s La Scala and New York City’s Metropolitan Opera. Tebaldi received her early musical training from her mother, a singer, and studied at the Parma Conservatory. At age 18 she sang for Carmen Melis, of the Arrigo Boito Conservatory in

  • Tébessa (Algeria)

    Tébessa, town, northeastern Algeria. It is located 146 miles (235 km) by road south of Annaba and 12 miles (19 km) west of the frontier with Tunisia. Tébessa was an outpost of Carthage in the 7th century bce and a Roman garrison town in 146 bce. It declined in the 5th and 6th centuries ce and

  • Tebow, Tim (American football player)

    Denver Broncos: …the late-game heroics of quarterback Tim Tebow, who led the team to four overtime victories that season, including an opening-round play-off win over the Pittsburgh Steelers. However, Tebow’s poor traditional quarterback skills and unorthodox passing mechanics failed to inspire confidence in Elway, and the team signed former All-Pro quarterback Peyton…

  • Tebulos-Mta (mountain, Asia)

    Caucasus: Physiography: …the central sector; and Mounts Tebulosmta and Bazardyuzyu, both over 14,600 feet (4,550 metres), in the east. Spurs tonguing north and south from the main axis occasionally reach elevations approaching 10,000 feet (3,000 metres).

  • Tebulosmta, Mount (mountain, Asia)

    Caucasus: Physiography: …the central sector; and Mounts Tebulosmta and Bazardyuzyu, both over 14,600 feet (4,550 metres), in the east. Spurs tonguing north and south from the main axis occasionally reach elevations approaching 10,000 feet (3,000 metres).

  • Tecate (Mexico)

    Baja California: …centre, followed by Mexicali and Tecate. Major manufactures include electronics, textiles, plastics, metal products, automobile components, paper, beverages, and processed foods. The state’s agriculture and industry attract large numbers of immigrants from other Mexican states and Central America. Baja California has one of Mexico’s largest fishing industries, which is centred…

  • Tech Duinn (Celtic religion)

    Celtic religion: Cosmology and eschatology: …all the Irish, reigned over Tech Duinn, which was imagined as on or under Bull Island off the Beare Peninsula, and to him all men returned except the happy few.

  • Tech Model Railroad Club (Massachusetts Institute of Technology organization)

    electronic game: From chess to Spacewar! to Pong: …the “hacker” culture of the Tech Model Railroad Club on campus, and its authors were members of this group. They wrote software and built control boxes that gave players the ability to move spaceships about on accurate star maps, maneuvering and firing space torpedoes at each other. Spacewar! was distinctly…

  • Techichi (breed of dog)

    Chihuahua: …have been derived from the Techichi, a small, mute dog kept by the Toltec people of Mexico as long ago as the 9th century ad. Typically a saucy-looking, alert dog that is sturdier than its small build would suggest, the Chihuahua stands about 5 inches (13 cm) and weighs 1…

  • technetium (chemical element)

    Technetium (Tc), chemical element, synthetic radioactive metal of Group 7 (VIIb) of the periodic table, the first element to be artificially produced. The isotope technetium-97 (4,210,000-year half-life) was discovered (1937) by the Italian mineralogist Carlo Perrier and the Italian-born American

  • technetium-99 (chemical isotope)

    radioactivity: In medicine: Technetium-99m, used with radiographic scanning devices, is valuable for studying the anatomic structure of organs.

  • Technical and Further Education Commission (Australian education)

    South Australia: Education: The Technical and Further Education Commission provides a wide range of courses at community colleges and colleges of further education. Courses are provided at many levels, from the basic trade apprentice to technical and paraprofessional levels. Professional and research-focused education at a higher level is provided…

  • technical assistance (international aid)

    Technical assistance, form of aid given to less-developed countries by international organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and its agencies, individual governments, foundations, and philanthropic institutions. Its object is to provide those countries with the expertise needed to promote

  • technical camera (photography)

    technology of photography: The view, or technical, camera: For studio and commercial photography the view, or technical, camera takes single exposures on sheet films (formerly plates) usually between 4 × 5 inches and 8 × 10 inches. A front standard carries interchangeable lenses and shutters; a rear standard takes…

  • technical ceramics (ceramics)

    Advanced ceramics, substances and processes used in the development and manufacture of ceramic materials that exhibit special properties. Ceramics, as is pointed out in the article ceramic composition and properties, are traditionally described as inorganic, nonmetallic solids that are prepared

  • technical drawing

    drawing: Applied drawings: Applied and technical drawings differ in principle from art drawings in that they record unequivocally an objective set of facts and on the whole disregard aesthetic considerations. The contrast to the art drawing is sharpest in the case of technical project drawings, the…

  • technical education

    Technical education, the academic and vocational preparation of students for jobs involving applied science and modern technology. It emphasizes the understanding and practical application of basic principles of science and mathematics, rather than the attainment of proficiency in manual skills

  • technical illustrator (design)

    drafting: The delineator, or technical illustrator, converts preliminary or final drawings into pictorial representations, usually perspective constructions in full colour to help others visualize the product, to inform the public, to attract investment, or to promote sales. Before undertaking their own drawings, persons entering the profession of…

  • technical knockout (boxing)

    boxing: Ring, rules, and equipment: …can be stopped by a technical knockout (TKO) when a boxer is deemed by the referee (and sometimes the ringside physician) to be unable to defend himself properly, when a boxer is deemed to have sustained a serious injury, or when a boxer or his seconds decide he should not…

  • Technical Library (library, Hannover, Germany)

    Germany: Libraries: The Technical Library at Hannover is Germany’s most important library for science and technology and for translations of works in the fields of science and engineering. The great university libraries at Heidelberg, Cologne, G?ttingen, Leipzig, Tübingen, and Munich are complemented by scores of other good university…

  • technical molybdic oxide (chemical compound)

    molybdenum processing: Technical molybdic oxide: About 97 percent of MoS2 must be converted into technical molybdic oxide (85–90 percent MoO3) in order to reach its commercial destination. Such conversion is almost universally carried out in Nichols-Herreshoff-type multiple-hearth furnaces, into which molybdenite concentrate is fed from the top…

  • Technical Research Group (American company)

    Gordon Gould: …joined the defense research firm Technical Research Group (TRG) in 1958 to work on building a laser. Believing that he first needed to have a working prototype, he waited until 1959 to apply for a patent, but by that time Townes and physicist Arthur Schawlow had filed such an application…

  • Technical University of Budapest (university, Budapest, Hungary)

    Hungary: Higher education: …József University of Szeged, the Technical University of Budapest, and the Budapest University of Economic Sciences. There were also dozens of specialized schools and colleges throughout the country. In 2000 most of these specialized colleges were combined with older universities or with one another to form new “integrated universities.” The…

  • technical writing

    language: Translation: …end of the translator’s spectrum, technical prose dealing with internationally agreed scientific subjects may be the easiest type of material to translate, because cultural unification (in this respect), lexical correspondences, and stylistic similarity already exist in this type of usage in the languages most commonly involved, to a higher degree…

  • Technicolor (French corporation)

    Technicolor, major French multimedia company and electronics manufacturer. The original company was formed in 1966 with the merger of Compagnie Fran?aise Thomson-Houston and Hotchkiss-Brandt, becoming known as Thomson-Brandt S.A. in 1972. Because its management was long dominated by career military

  • Technicolor (film process)

    Technicolor, (trademark), motion-picture process using dye-transfer techniques to produce a colour print. The Technicolor process, perfected in 1932, originally used a beam-splitting optical cube, in combination with the camera lens, to expose three black-and-white films. The light beam was split

  • Technicolor, Inc. (American company)

    Patrick Joseph Frawley, Jr.: …industry, serving as chairman of Technicolor, Inc. (1961–70), and Sunn Classic Pictures (1972–81).

  • Technicus, Herodianus (Greek grammarian)

    Herodian, Greek grammarian of Alexandria who is important primarily for his work on Greek accents. A son of the grammarian Apollonius Dyscolus, Herodian settled in Rome under the emperor Marcus Aurelius, to whom he dedicated a treatise on accentuation and quantity entitled Katholikē prosōdia

  • Technion (institution, Haifa, Israel)

    Israel: Education: …University of Jerusalem (1925), the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa (1924), and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Re?ovot (1934), several institutions of higher learning have been founded since 1948, including the universities of Tel Aviv and Haifa, Bar-Ilan University (religious, located near Tel Aviv), and Ben-Gurion University of…

  • technique (arts)

    architecture: Expression of technique: The second aspect of content is the communication of the structural significance of materials and methods. Its purpose is to interpret the way in which architecture is put together. The characteristics of materials that are important in expressing design techniques are the properties of…

  • Technique du coup d’état (work by Malaparte)

    Curzio Malaparte: …Technique du coup d’état (1931; Coup d’état, the Technique of Revolution; Italian trans., Tecnica del colpo di stato). His early fiction—Avventure di un capitano di Sventura (1927); Sodoma e Gomorra (1931); and Sangue (1937)—also showed a fascist slant.

  • Technique, La (work by Ellul)

    history of technology: Criticisms of technology: …Society (1964, first published as La Technique in 1954). Ellul asserted that technology had become so pervasive that man now lived in a milieu of technology rather than of nature. He characterized this new milieu as artificial, autonomous, self-determining, nihilistic (that is, not directed to ends, though proceeding by cause…

  • Techniques of Neutralization: A Theory of Delinquency (work by Sykes and Matza)

    Gresham M. Sykes: …articles on the subject, “Techniques of Neutralization: A Theory of Delinquency” (1957), Matza and Sykes proposed a “drift theory” (also known as neutralization theory), according to which delinquents use a series of justifications to neutralize their deviant behaviour. Typical justifications include passing the blame to others, insisting that the…

  • Technische Universit?t Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig (university, Braunschweig, Germany)

    Braunschweig: The Technische Universit?t Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig, the oldest technical university in Germany, was founded as the Collegium Carolinum in 1745 (its current name dates from 1968). There are also federal institutes for physics and technology, biology, agriculture and forestry, and aviation. The Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum…

  • techno (music)

    Techno, electronic dance music that began in the United States in the 1980s and became globally popular in the 1990s. With its glacial synthesizer melodies and brisk machine rhythms, techno was a product of the fascination of middle-class African-American youths in Detroit, Michigan, for European

  • techno-thriller (literary genre)

    Tom Clancy: …American novelist who created the techno-thriller—a suspenseful novel that relies on extensive knowledge of military technology and espionage.

  • technocracy (political philosophy)

    Technocracy, government by technicians who are guided solely by the imperatives of their technology. The concept developed in the United States early in the 20th century as an expression of the Progressive movement and became a subject of considerable public interest in the 1930s during the Great

  • Technocracy, Committee on (American organization)

    technocracy: The much-publicized Committee on Technocracy, headed by Walter Rautenstrauch and dominated by Scott, was organized in 1932 in New York City. Scott proclaimed the invalidation, by technologically produced abundance, of all prior economic concepts based on scarcity; he predicted the imminent collapse of the price system and…

  • technological developments

    Throughout the 20th century the music industry has been revolutionized by technology. This process, which accelerated in the 1980s and ’90s, can be traced back to the invention of sound recording by Thomas A. Edison in 1877. Technological developments of this century have created a music culture

  • technological innovation

    Paul Romer: …growth and its relation to technological innovation. Romer’s work shed light on the ways in which technological advances that help sustain economic growth are generated in human economic activities and showed that persistent growth requires government intervention in the form of investment in research and development (R & D) and…

  • Technological Museum (museum, Mexico City, Mexico)

    museum: Science and technology museums: …Industry in Chicago or the Technological Museum in Mexico City, are of a more technical nature. These museums are often sponsored directly or indirectly by industries, which occasionally found their own museums in order to preserve their heritage and promote their work. Other museums highlight a specific product resulting from…

  • technological singularity (technology)

    Singularity, theoretical condition that could arrive in the near future when a synthesis of several powerful new technologies will radically change the realities in which we find ourselves in an unpredictable manner. Most notably, the singularity would involve computer programs becoming so advanced

  • technology

    Technology, the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life or, as it is sometimes phrased, to the change and manipulation of the human environment. The subject of technology is treated in a number of articles. For general treatment, see technology, history of; hand

  • technology and dance

    […] Until the technology affords some way of handling three-dimensional images moving through space, it’s always going to feel as though technology is offering only the icon, the translation of what the experience really is. With television, for example, the more people are exposed to dance in that

  • Technology Vision 2020 (political plan, India)

    A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: …forward a countrywide plan called Technology Vision 2020, which he described as a road map for transforming India from a less-developed to a developed society in 20 years. The plan called for, among other measures, increasing agricultural productivity, emphasizing technology as a vehicle for economic growth, and widening access to…

  • Technology, Entertainment, Design (series of conferences)

    TED, series of conferences that promote new ideas and work in a wide variety of human endeavour. TED was founded in 1983 by architect Richard Saul Wurman and television executive Harry Marks, and the first conference was held in February 1984 in Monterey, California. Because the initial conference

  • technology, history of

    History of technology, the development over time of systematic techniques for making and doing things. The term technology, a combination of the Greek technē, “art, craft,” with logos, “word, speech,” meant in Greece a discourse on the arts, both fine and applied. When it first appeared in English

  • Technopaegnion (work by Ausonius)

    Decimus Magnus Ausonius: …piece of trifling is the Technopaegnion (“A Game of Art”), a set of poems in which each line ends in a monosyllable. His longest poem, on the Mosella (Moselle) River, has flashes of an almost Wordsworthian response to nature, with descriptions of the changing scenery as the river moves through…

  • Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology (work by Postman)

    Neil Postman: In Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology (1992), he drew attention to its often unperceived effects on thought and culture. He was particularly critical of what he termed technopoly, or the deification of technology, which results in social institutions and practices surrendering their sovereignty to…

  • Technorati, Inc. (Web site)

    blog: From geeks to mainstream: Technorati, Inc., a Web site and organization dedicated to mapping and searching the blogosphere, found that by October 2005 there were 19.6 million blogs, a number that has been doubling roughly every five months. Approximately 70,000 new blogs are created each day—or, more vividly, nearly…

  • Tecnica del colpo di Stato (work by Malaparte)

    Curzio Malaparte: …Technique du coup d’état (1931; Coup d’état, the Technique of Revolution; Italian trans., Tecnica del colpo di stato). His early fiction—Avventure di un capitano di Sventura (1927); Sodoma e Gomorra (1931); and Sangue (1937)—also showed a fascist slant.

  • Tecnología y libertad (work by Ayala)

    Francisco Ayala: …in Spanish, developing, as in Tecnología y libertad (1959; “Technology and Freedom”), his ideas on reconciling individual conscience to society and on restating ancient moral values for modern times. The collapse of moral order and the hopelessness of human relations in society were themes in his two long pessimistic and…

  • Teco language (Mayan language)

    Mesoamerican Indian languages: The classification and status of Mesoamerican languages: It is clear that the Huastecan branch was the first to separate off from the rest of the family. Next Yucatecan branched off, and then later the remaining Core Mayan separated into distinct branches. It appears that Cholan-Tzeltalan and Greater…

  • Tecoac, Battle of (Mexican history [1876])

    Porfiriato: Porfirio Díaz’s ascent to power: …defeated government forces at the Battle of Tecoac on November 16, 1876. Having won support from a wide variety of discontented elements, Díaz took over the government and was formally elected president in May 1877.

  • Tecomán (Mexico)

    Tecomán, city, southeastern Colima estado (state), west-central Mexico. It is situated on the Pacific lowlands near the Armería River, at 260 feet (80 metres) above sea level. Located in the state’s major agricultural region, Tecomán’s surrounding area yields coconuts, cotton, various tropical

  • Tectariaceae (plant family)

    Tectariaceae, the halberd fern family (order Polypodiales), containing 7–10 genera and about 230 species. Tectariaceae is distributed nearly worldwide but is most diverse in tropical regions. Most members of the family are classified in Tectaria, which comprises 150 or more species and is one of

  • tectogene (geology)

    Tectogene, great downbuckle of the Earth’s crust into the mantle below deep-sea trenches that are filled with marine sediments. The sediments become crumpled and folded within the deep downbuckle; some portions are squeezed downward into the mantle, while others are squeezed upward in highly

  • Tectona grandis (tree)

    Teak, (genus Tectona grandis), large deciduous tree of the family Verbenaceae, or its wood, one of the most valuable timbers. Teak has been widely used in India for more than 2,000 years. The name teak is from the Malayalam word tēkka. The tree has a straight but often buttressed stem (i.e.,

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