You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • Taymor, Julie (American director, playwright, and costume designer)

    Julie Taymor, American stage and film director, playwright, and costume designer known for her inventive use of Asian-inspired masks and puppets. In 1998 she became the first woman to win a Tony Award for best director of a musical, for her Broadway production of The Lion King, derived from the

  • Taymūr ibn Fay?al (sultan of Oman)

    āl Bū Sa?īd dynasty: …?īsā ibn ?āli? and Sultan Taymūr ibn Fay?al (reigned 1913–32), by virtue of which Sultan Taymūr ruled over the coastal provinces and Imam ?īsā over the interior. Opposition broke out again in 1954 when the tribes appealed to Saudi Arabia for aid in establishing an independent principality, but Sultan Sa?īd…

  • Taymūr, Ma?mūd (Egyptian author)

    Arabic literature: The short story: …real maturity: if Mu?ammad’s brother Ma?mūd Taymūr was certainly the most prolific, both Ya?yā ?aqqī and Ma?mūd ?āhir Lāshīn were the most accomplished craftsmen.

  • Taymūr, Mu?ammad (Egyptian author)

    Arabic literature: The short story: …pioneer figure of the school, Mu?ammad Taymūr, died at an early age, but the other members of the group elaborated on his efforts and brought the genre to a level of real maturity: if Mu?ammad’s brother Ma?mūd Taymūr was certainly the most prolific, both Ya?yā ?aqqī and Ma?mūd ?āhir Lāshīn…

  • Taymyr (former district, Russia)

    Taymyr, former autonomous okrug (district), north-central Siberian Russia. In 2007 Taymyr was subsumed under Krasnoyarsk kray (territory). It lies on the hilly Taymyr Peninsula, the most northerly part of the Eurasian continent, and extends south to the northern edge of the Central Siberian

  • Taymyr (ship)
  • Taymyr Peninsula (peninsula, Russia)

    Taymyr Peninsula, northernmost extension of the Eurasian landmass, in north-central Siberia in Krasnoyarsk kray (region), northeastern central Russia. The northernmost point of the peninsula is Cape Chelyuskin, north of which lie Vilkitsky Strait and Severnaya Zemlya. To the west of the peninsula

  • Taymyr Samoyed (people)

    nature worship: The sun as a subordinate deity: Siberian people such as the Taymyr Samoyed (whose women pray in spring to the sun goddess in order to receive fertility or a rich calving of the reindeer) or the Tungus worship sun goddesses. They make sacrifices to the sun goddess, and her symbols are embroidered on women’s clothes.

  • Taymyrsky Poluostrov (peninsula, Russia)

    Taymyr Peninsula, northernmost extension of the Eurasian landmass, in north-central Siberia in Krasnoyarsk kray (region), northeastern central Russia. The northernmost point of the peninsula is Cape Chelyuskin, north of which lie Vilkitsky Strait and Severnaya Zemlya. To the west of the peninsula

  • tayra (mammal)

    Tayra, (Eira barbara), weasel-like mammal of tropical forests from southern Mexico through South America to northern Argentina. The tayra is short-legged, yet slender and agile, weighing from 2.7 to 7 kg (5.95 to 15.4 pounds). The body, measuring about 60–68 cm (24–27 inches), is covered with

  • Tayra barbara (mammal)

    Tayra, (Eira barbara), weasel-like mammal of tropical forests from southern Mexico through South America to northern Argentina. The tayra is short-legged, yet slender and agile, weighing from 2.7 to 7 kg (5.95 to 15.4 pounds). The body, measuring about 60–68 cm (24–27 inches), is covered with

  • Taysafun (ancient city, Iraq)

    Ctesiphon, ancient city located on the left (northeast) bank of the Tigris River about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of modern Baghdad, in east-central Iraq. It served as the winter capital of the Parthian empire and later of the Sāsānian empire. The site is famous for the remains of a gigantic

  • T?ysin?, Peace of (Scandinavia [1595])

    Finland: The 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries: In 1595, however, by the Peace of T?ysin?, the existing de facto boundary, up to the Arctic Ocean, was granted official recognition by the Russians. By the Peace of Stolbovo (Stolbova; 1617), Russia ceded Ingermanland and part of Karelia to the kingdom of Sweden-Finland. The population of the ceded territories…

  • Tayyār al-Mustaqbal (political party, Lebanon)

    Saad al-Hariri: Education and early career: …his father’s political party, the Future Movement (Tayyār al-Mustaqbal). A powerful Sunni bloc, the Future Movement was the largest contingent within the March 14 coalition (named to commemorate the day in 2005 when massive anti-Syrian protests took place in Beirut), which opposed Syrian influence in Lebanon’s affairs. Although the coalition…

  • Taza (Morocco)

    Taza, city, north-central Morocco. Located south of the Rif Mountains, the city is composed of two formerly separate towns built on separate terraces overlooking a mountain valley. The old town (medina) is at an elevation of about 1,900 feet (580 metres) above sea level and is surrounded by

  • Taza Gap (mountain pass, North Africa)

    Atlas Mountains: Transportation: …through the Atlas along the Taza Pass, which breaks the continuity of the mountain system between Er-Rif and the Middle Atlas. Passes are natural routes across the mountain barriers and thus constitute strategic points. The focal point of communication in the Great Kabylie, for example, is Tizi Ouzou, at the…

  • Taza Pass (mountain pass, North Africa)

    Atlas Mountains: Transportation: …through the Atlas along the Taza Pass, which breaks the continuity of the mountain system between Er-Rif and the Middle Atlas. Passes are natural routes across the mountain barriers and thus constitute strategic points. The focal point of communication in the Great Kabylie, for example, is Tizi Ouzou, at the…

  • Taza, Son of Cochise (film by Sirk [1954])

    Douglas Sirk: Films of the early to mid-1950s: Taza, Son of Cochise (1954), released in 3-D before being issued in the standard format, was a nominal sequel to Universal’s 1952 The Battle at Apache Pass.

  • TAZARA railway (railway, Tanzania-Zambia)

    Tanzania: Transportation: The Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA) rail line, running between Dar es Salaam and Kapiri-Mposhi on the Zambian border, was built with Chinese aid in the early 1970s. It provided the main outlet to the sea for Zambia’s copper exports prior to the political changes in South…

  • taze-g??? (poetry)

    Turkish literature: Movements and poets: …style of poetry was termed taze-g??? (“fresh speech”) or tarz-i nev (“new style”). (By the early 20th century it had come to be known as poetry of the Indian school, or Sabk-i Hindī.) In the late 16th century the two most important figures had been the Indian-born poet Fayz? and…

  • Tazerza?t Srh?r Hill (mountains, Niger)

    Niger: Relief: …north to south these are Tazerza?t, where Mount Gréboun reaches an altitude of 6,379 feet (1,944 metres); Tamgak; Takolokouzet; Angornakouer; Bagzane; and Tarouadji. To the northeast is a series of high plateaus, which form a bridge between the Ahaggar Mountains of Algeria and the Tibesti Mountains of Chad. From west…

  • tazia (Shī?ite festival)

    Islamic world: Expansion in Iran and beyond: …the name for this mourning, ta?ziyyeh, also came to be applied to passion plays performed to reenact events surrounding al-?usayn’s martyrdom. Through the depths of their empathetic suffering, Shī?ites could help to overturn the injustice of al-?usayn’s martyrdom at the end of time, when all wrongs would be righted, all…

  • Tazieff, Haroun (French volcanologist)

    Haroun Tazieff, Polish-born French volcanologist whose fascination with volcanoes and knowledge of them, often obtained under extremely harrowing conditions, were enthusiastically shared by the French public through books and, especially, in films on television; he was considered one of the six

  • Ta?kerat ol-Owlīyā? (work by ?A??ār)

    Islam: The mystics: For the Persian-speaking countries, the Ta?kerat ol-Owlīyā? (“Memoirs of the Saints”) of Farīd al-Dīn ?A??ār (died c. 1220) has become the storehouse of legendary material about the early Sufi mystics. ?A??ār’s Persian epics (especially his Man?eq al-?ayr, The Conference of the Birds) also contain much material that was used by…

  • Tazoult-Lambese (Algeria)

    Lambessa, Algerian village notable for its Roman ruins; it is located in the Batna département, 80 miles (128 km) south-southwest of Constantine by road. The remains of the Roman town (Lambaesis) and camp include two triumphal arches, temples, an aqueduct, an amphitheatre, baths, and many private

  • Ta?abba?a Sharran (Arab poet)

    Arabic literature: Poetry: Ta?abba?a Sharran (“He Who Has Put Evil in His Armpit”) and al-Shanfarā are among the best known of the ?u?lūk poets.

  • ?ā?if Accord (Lebanon [1989])

    Michel Aoun: Exile and return: …late October, known as the ?ā?if Accord, and it enjoyed widespread support among the war-weary Lebanese. Aoun staunchly opposed the agreement, however, for allowing Syrian troops to remain in Lebanon to oversee the Accord’s implementation. A year later, in October 1990, Aoun was forcibly ousted by Syrian-led forces, and the…

  • ?ā?if, Al- (Saudi Arabia)

    Al-?ā?if, city, western Saudi Arabia. Lying at an elevation of 6,165 feet (1,879 metres) on a tableland southeast of Mecca, it is the country’s principal summer resort. Once the seat of the pagan goddess Allat, it is revered now as the site of the tomb of ?Abd Allāh ibn ?Abbās, a cousin of the

  • ?ā?if, Treaty of Al- (Saudi Arabia-Yemen [1934])

    Al-?udaydah: The Treaty of Al-?ā?if of that year returned the city and the Yemeni Tihāmah to Yemen; the latter, in turn, recognized Saudi Arabia’s possession of Asir. The city was seat of a semiautonomous administration under one of the Yemeni imam’s (leader’s) sons until proclamation of the…

  • ?ā?ifah (Spanish history)

    Taifa, a faction or party, as applied to the followers of any of the petty kings who appeared in Muslim Spain in a period of great political fragmentation early in the 11th century after the dissolution of the central authority of the Umayyad caliphate of Córdoba. After the dictatorship of

  • Ta?mīm, Al- (governorate, Iraq)

    Al-Ta?mīm, mu?āfa?ah (governorate), in northeastern Iraq, created from the northern part of Kirkūk mu?āfa?ah. It encompasses the eastern part of the alluvial plain of the Tigris River and the foothills of the Zagros Mountains. Its economy is based on petroleum and dry-farm agriculture, which

  • Ta?rīf bi-al-mu??ala? ash-sharīf, at- (work by ?Umarī)

    al-?Umarī: He wrote at-Ta?rīf bi-al-mu??ala? ash-sharīf, a comprehensive study of the principles of Mamlūk administration, and Masālik al-ab?ār fī mamālik al-am?ār, an encyclopaedic compendium also relating to administrative practices.

  • Ta?rīkh al-fattāsh (work by Kāti family)

    Mu?ammad I Askia: Organization of the Songhai empire: …who accompanied Mu?ammad, wrote in Ta?rīkh al-fattāsh that the jinn of Mecca had had Mu?ammad named caliph and had told him what his rights were over the former vassal groups of the Sonnis. By the time he returned in 1497 or 1498, he was a leader deeply converted to Islam.…

  • Ta?rīkh al-Sūdān (work by as-Sa?dī)

    Islamic world: Trans-Saharan Islam: …history of Songhai, or al-Sa?dī’s Ta?rīkh al-Sūdān (completed in 1655). By the end of the period of consolidation and expansion, Muslims in the Sudanic belt were being steadily influenced by North African Islam but were also developing distinctive traditions of their own.

  • Tā?rīkh ibn Wā?i? (work by Ya?qūbī)

    al-Ya?qūbī: …a history of the world, Tā?rīkh ibn Wā?i? (“Chronicle of Ibn Wā?i?”), and a general geography, Kitāb al-buldān (“Book of the Countries”).

  • ta?thīr (music)

    Islamic arts: Nature and elements of Islamic music: …also imbued with ethos (Arabic ta?thīr), a specific emotional or philosophical meaning attached to a musical mode. Rhythms are organized into rhythmic modes, or īqā?āt (singular īqā?), cyclical patterns of strong and weak beats.

  • ta?wīl (Islam)

    Bā?inīyah: …could be arrived at through ta?wīl (allegorical interpretations); thus, every statement, person, or object could be scrutinized in this manner to reveal its true intent. They further stated that Mu?ammad was only the transmitter of the literal word of God, the Qur?ān, but it was the imam (leader) who was…

  • Ta?anit Esther (Judaism)

    Judaism: The five fasts: Ta?anit Esther (Fast of Esther), which commemorates Esther’s fast (compare Esther 4:16), is first mentioned in gaonic literature. The commemorative apsects of the fasts are closely associated with their penitential aspects, all of which find expression in the liturgy. Thus, Jews not only relive the tragic history…

  • Ta?izz (Yemen)

    Ta?izz, city, southwestern Yemen, in the Yemen Highlands. It is one of the country’s chief urban centres and a former national capital. The Ayyūbid dynasty under Tūrān Shāh, brother of Saladin, which conquered Yemen in 1173–74, made its capital first at Zabīd and then moved it to Ta?izz. The

  • Ta?ī?ishī, ?Abd Allāh ibn Mu?ammad at- (Sudanese religious leader)

    ?Abd Allāh, political and religious leader who succeeded Mu?ammad A?mad (al-Mahdī) as head of a religious movement and state within the Sudan. ?Abd Allāh followed his family’s vocation for religion. In about 1880 he became a disciple of Mu?ammad A?mad, who announced that he had a divine mission, b

  • ta?līq script (calligraphy)

    Ta?līq script, in Arabic calligraphy, cursive style of lettering developed in Iran in the 10th century. It is thought to have been the creation of ?asan ibn ?usayn ?Alī of Fars, but, because Khwājah ?Abd al-Malik Buk made such vast improvements, the invention is often attributed to him. The rounded

  • ta??īl (Islam)

    tashbīh: Both tashbīh and its opposite, ta??īl (divesting God of all attributes), are regarded as sins in Islāmic theology. The difficulty in dealing with the nature of God in Islām arises from the seemingly contradictory views contained in the Qur?an (Islāmic scripture). On the one hand God is described as unique…

  • ta?zīr (Islamic law)

    punishment: Punishment in Islamic law: …in Islamic law are called ta?zīr crimes (discretionary crimes), and their punishment is left to the discretion of the qā?ī (judge), whose options are often limited to traditional forms (imprisonment or corporal punishment) but who may also feel obliged to enforce punishments dictated by local customs and mores. The imposition…

  • ta?ziyah (Shī?ite festival)

    Islamic world: Expansion in Iran and beyond: …the name for this mourning, ta?ziyyeh, also came to be applied to passion plays performed to reenact events surrounding al-?usayn’s martyrdom. Through the depths of their empathetic suffering, Shī?ites could help to overturn the injustice of al-?usayn’s martyrdom at the end of time, when all wrongs would be righted, all…

  • TB (pathology)

    Tuberculosis (TB), infectious disease that is caused by the tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In most forms of the disease, the bacillus spreads slowly and widely in the lungs, causing the formation of hard nodules (tubercles) or large cheeselike masses that break down the respiratory

  • Tb (chemical element)

    Terbium (Tb), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Terbium is a moderately hard, silvery white metal that is stable in air when in pure form. The metal is relatively stable in air even at high temperatures, because of formation of a tight, dark oxide

  • TB-1 (aircraft)

    Tupolev: …notable Soviet airplanes including the TB-1 (ANT-4), the world’s first all-metal, twin-engine, cantilever-wing bomber and one of the largest planes built in the 1920s. Two Tupolev aircraft from the early 1930s, the giant, eight-engine ANT-20 airliner (Maksim Gorky) and the ANT-25 bomber, set world records for size and long-distance flights,…

  • TBBPA (chemical compound)

    microplastics: Properties: …polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), are typically also present in microplastics, and many of these chemical additives leach out of the plastics after entering the environment.

  • Tbilisi (national capital, Georgia)

    Tbilisi, capital of the republic of Georgia, on the Mtkvari (Kura) River at its dissection of the Trialeti (Trialetsky) and Kartli (Kartliysky, or Kartalinian) ranges. Founded in 458 (in some sources, 455), when the capital of the Georgian kingdom was transferred there from Mtskheta, the city had a

  • TBMD (military strategy)

    Theatre missile defense (TMD), deployment of nuclear and conventional missiles for the purpose of maintaining security in a specific region, or theatre. The purpose of theatre missile defense (TMD) is to protect allies from local threats in their region or to address specific security issues and

  • Tboli (people)

    Tasaday: …more culturally advanced Manubo-Blit or Tboli tribes who had acted the part of more primitive peoples at the prompting of Marcos’ assistant on national minorities. Nevertheless, linguistic evidence obtained during the earlier anthropological study, however incomplete, seemed to indicate that the Tasaday were indeed isolated, though the Philippine government may…

  • TBP (chemical compound)

    Tributyl phosphate, an organic liquid solvent used in the extraction of uranium and plutonium salts from reactor effluents, as a solvent for nitrocellulose and cellulose acetate, and as a heat-exchange medium. A phosphorus-containing compound with molecular formula (C4H9)3PO4, it is prepared by

  • TBRC (metallurgy)

    metallurgy: Matte smelting: …are the Noranda, TBRC (top-blown rotary converter), and Mitsubishi processes. The Noranda reactor is a horizontal cylindrical furnace with a depression in the centre where the metal collects and a raised hearth at one end where the slag is run off. Pelletized unroasted sulfide concentrate is poured into the…

  • TBRC process (metallurgy)

    metallurgy: Matte smelting: …are the Noranda, TBRC (top-blown rotary converter), and Mitsubishi processes. The Noranda reactor is a horizontal cylindrical furnace with a depression in the centre where the metal collects and a raised hearth at one end where the slag is run off. Pelletized unroasted sulfide concentrate is poured into the…

  • TBS (American company)

    WarnerMedia: Warner: …were sold in 1986 to Turner Broadcasting System, which in turn merged with Time Warner Inc. in 1996.) Television also presented new opportunities for Warner Brothers, where the hit series Maverick (1957) and 77 Sunset Strip (1958) were made. In 1967 Jack Warner sold his remaining stake in the company…

  • TBS (Japanese company)

    Akiyama Toyohiro: In 1966 he joined the Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS), a Japanese television company, as a reporter. After working for the British Broadcasting Corporation World Service in London for four years (1967–71), he was transferred to the TBS Division of Foreign News and eventually served as the chief TBS correspondent in…

  • TBS game (electronic game genre)

    electronic strategy game: …types of electronic strategy games: turn-based strategy (TBS) and real-time strategy (RTS). Although some TBS games have experimented with multiplayer support, the slow pace of waiting for each player to finish managing all of his or her resources and units has limited their appeal. On the other hand, players expect…

  • Tc (chemical element)

    Technetium (Tc), chemical element, synthetic radioactive metal of Group 7 (VIIb) of the periodic table, the first element to be artificially produced. The isotope technetium-97 (4,210,000-year half-life) was discovered (1937) by the Italian mineralogist Carlo Perrier and the Italian-born American

  • TCA (navigation)

    airport: Air traffic control: …the aircraft passes into the terminal control area (TCA). Within this area, there may be a greatly increased density of air traffic, and this is closely monitored on radar by TCA controllers, who continually instruct pilots on how to navigate within the area. The aircraft is then brought into the…

  • TCA cycle (biochemistry)

    Tricarboxylic acid cycle, the second stage of cellular respiration, the three-stage process by which living cells break down organic fuel molecules in the presence of oxygen to harvest the energy they need to grow and divide. This metabolic process occurs in most plants, animals, fungi, and many

  • TCCB (sports)

    cricket: The Cricket Council and the ECB: The Cricket Council, comprising the Test and County Cricket Board (TCCB), the National Cricket Association (NCA), and the MCC, was the result of these efforts. The TCCB, which amalgamated the Advisory County Cricket Committee and the Board of Control of Test Matches at Home, had responsibility for all first-class and…

  • TCDD (chemical compound)

    Dioxin, any of a group of aromatic hydrocarbon compounds known to be environmental pollutants that are generated as undesirable by-products in the manufacture of herbicides, disinfectants, and other agents. In popular terminology, dioxin has become a synonym for one specific dioxin,

  • Tchad Basin (basin, Africa)

    Chad Basin, vast depression in Central Africa that constitutes the largest inland drainage area on the continent. Lake Chad, a large sheet of fresh water with a mean depth of between 3.5 and 4 feet (1 and 1.2 metres), lies at the centre of the basin but not in its lowest part. The area is lined

  • Tchad, Lac (lake, Africa)

    Lake Chad, freshwater lake located in the Sahelian zone of west-central Africa at the conjunction of Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger. It is situated in an interior basin formerly occupied by a much larger ancient sea that is sometimes called Mega-Chad. Historically, Lake Chad has ranked among

  • Tchad, République du

    Chad, landlocked state in north-central Africa. The country’s terrain is that of a shallow basin that rises gradually from the Lake Chad area in the west and is rimmed by mountains to the north, east, and south. Natural irrigation is limited to the Chari and Logone rivers and their tributaries,

  • Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich (Russian composer)

    Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, the most popular Russian composer of all time. His music has always had great appeal for the general public in virtue of its tuneful, open-hearted melodies, impressive harmonies, and colourful, picturesque orchestration, all of which evoke a profound emotional response.

  • tcharchaf (garment)

    Afghanistan: Daily life and social customs: …have continued to wear the chador (or chadri, in Afghanistan), the full body covering mandated by the Taliban. This has been true even of those women of the middle class (most in Kabul) who had shed that garment during the communist era. Some men have shaved or trimmed their beards,…

  • Tchelistcheff, André (American enologist)

    André Tchelistcheff, Russian-born U.S. enologist (born 1901, Moscow, Russia—died April 5, 1994, Napa, Calif.), was a pivotal figure in the revitalization of the California wine industry following Prohibition (1919-33) and used his Paris training in viticulture and wine making to pioneer such t

  • Tchemerzina, Monika Avenirovna (French dancer and artist)

    Ludmila Tcherina, (Monika [Monique] Avenirovna Tchemerzina), French ballet dancer, actress, artist, and writer (born Oct. 10, 1924, Paris, France—died March 21, 2004, Paris), was known almost as much for her beauty and flair as for her talent as a performer. Besides premiering roles for top c

  • Tchemerzina, Monique Avenirovna (French dancer and artist)

    Ludmila Tcherina, (Monika [Monique] Avenirovna Tchemerzina), French ballet dancer, actress, artist, and writer (born Oct. 10, 1924, Paris, France—died March 21, 2004, Paris), was known almost as much for her beauty and flair as for her talent as a performer. Besides premiering roles for top c

  • Tchemerzine, Laurent Didier Alex (French actor and director)

    Laurent Terzieff, (Laurent Didier Alex Tchemerzine), French actor and director (born June 27, 1935, Toulouse, France—died July 2, 2010, Paris, France), established his on-screen persona in his first major film role as a cynical existentialist in director Marcel Carné’s Les Tricheurs (1958), and

  • Tcherepnin, Alexander Nikolayevich (American composer)

    Alexander Tcherepnin, Russian-born American pianist and composer, known for his stylistic mixture of Romanticism and modern experimentation—e.g., with a nine-note scale and with complex rhythms. In smaller forms his work was often coloured by Russian and Chinese motifs. The son of the composer

  • Tcherepnin, Nicholas (Russian composer)

    Nikolay Tcherepnin, prominent Russian composer of ballets, songs, and piano music in the nationalist style of Russian music. Tcherepnin studied law and then entered the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he studied under Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov. He was conductor of the Belayev symphony concerts and

  • Tcherepnin, Nicolas (Russian composer)

    Nikolay Tcherepnin, prominent Russian composer of ballets, songs, and piano music in the nationalist style of Russian music. Tcherepnin studied law and then entered the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he studied under Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov. He was conductor of the Belayev symphony concerts and

  • Tcherepnin, Nikolay (Russian composer)

    Nikolay Tcherepnin, prominent Russian composer of ballets, songs, and piano music in the nationalist style of Russian music. Tcherepnin studied law and then entered the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he studied under Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov. He was conductor of the Belayev symphony concerts and

  • Tcherepnin, Nikolay Nikolayevich (Russian composer)

    Nikolay Tcherepnin, prominent Russian composer of ballets, songs, and piano music in the nationalist style of Russian music. Tcherepnin studied law and then entered the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he studied under Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov. He was conductor of the Belayev symphony concerts and

  • Tcherina, Ludmila (French dancer and artist)

    Ludmila Tcherina, (Monika [Monique] Avenirovna Tchemerzina), French ballet dancer, actress, artist, and writer (born Oct. 10, 1924, Paris, France—died March 21, 2004, Paris), was known almost as much for her beauty and flair as for her talent as a performer. Besides premiering roles for top c

  • Tcherniak, Nathalie Ilyanova (French author)

    Nathalie Sarraute, French novelist and essayist, one of the earliest practitioners and a leading theorist of the nouveau roman, the French post-World War II “new novel,” or “antinovel,” a phrase applied by Jean-Paul Sartre to Sarraute’s Portrait d’un inconnu (1947; Portrait of a Man Unknown). She

  • Tchernichowsky, Saul Gutmanovich (Jewish poet)

    Saul Tchernichowsky, prolific Hebrew poet, whose poetry, in strongly biblical language, dealt with Russia, Germany, and Palestine and with the themes of love and beauty. In 1922 Tchernichowsky left the Ukraine, and, after wanderings that took him to the United States in 1928–29, he settled in

  • Tchibanga (Gabon)

    Tchibanga, town, southwestern Gabon. It lies along the north bank of the Nyanga River and at the intersection of roads from Mouila, Ndendé, and Mayumba. It has regular air connections with Port-Gentil, 210 miles (340 km) north-northwest. It is a traditional market centre. Gabon’s rice cultivation,

  • Tchicai, John Martin (Danish musician)

    John Martin Tchicai, Danish jazz musician (born April 28, 1936, Copenhagen, Den.—died Oct. 8, 2012, Perpignan, France), played alto saxophone with a distinctive sweet-sour sound and a singularly serene sense of lyric melody. Tchicai was the son of a Danish mother and a Congolese father. He studied

  • Tchicaya U Tam’si (Congolese poet)

    Tchicaya U Tam’si, Congolese French-language writer and poet whose work explores the relationships between victor and victim. As the son of the Congolese first deputy to the French National Assembly, Tchicaya finished his secondary school in Orléans and Paris. When Belgian Congo became independent,

  • Tchicaya, Gérald Félix (Congolese poet)

    Tchicaya U Tam’si, Congolese French-language writer and poet whose work explores the relationships between victor and victim. As the son of the Congolese first deputy to the French National Assembly, Tchicaya finished his secondary school in Orléans and Paris. When Belgian Congo became independent,

  • Tchien (Liberia)

    Zwedru, town, southeastern Liberia. Zwedru has expanded into an important administrative, marketing, and traffic centre. It is surrounded by rubber plantations and diamond mines; cattle are abundant. Rubber, coffee, cocoa, piassava, sugarcane, tobacco, and citrus fruits are collected there from the

  • Tchin-Tchin (play by Billetdoux)

    Fran?ois Billetdoux: Tchin-Tchin (1959; Chin-Chin), his first play to win popular acclaim, traces the decline into alcoholism of a couple brought together by the infidelity of their spouses. In Le Comportement des époux Bredburry (1960; “The Behaviour of the Bredburry Couple”), a wife attempts to sell her husband in…

  • Tchitrea (bird)

    monarch: …most striking monarchids are the paradise flycatchers (Terpsiphone, or Tchitrea) found in tropical Africa and Asia, north through eastern China and Japan. About 10 species are recognized, but the taxonomy is extremely confused because of geographical and individual variation. Many have crests and eye wattles, and breeding males of some…

  • Tchoghā Zanbīl (archaeological site, Iran)

    Choghā Zanbīl, ruined palace and temple complex of the ancient Elamite city of Dur Untashi (Dur Untash), near Susa in the Khūzestān region of southwestern Iran. The complex consists of a magnificent ziggurat (the largest structure of its kind in Iran), temples, and three palaces. The site was added

  • Tcikapis (Algonkian folk hero)

    American Subarctic peoples: Religious beliefs: …be encountered in the forest; Tcikapis, a kindly, powerful young hero and the subject of many myths; and Wiskijan (Whiskeyjack), an amusing trickster (see trickster tale). “Wiitiko psychosis” refers to a condition in which an individual would be seized by the obsessive idea that he was turning into a cannibal…

  • TCM (communications)

    modem: The second generation: …of coded modulation known as trellis-coded modulation, or TCM. Seven years later an upgraded V.32 standard was issued, permitting 14.4-kilobit-per-second full-duplex data transmission over a single PSTN circuit.

  • TCM

    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), system of medicine at least 23 centuries old that aims to prevent or heal disease by maintaining or restoring yinyang balance. China has one of the world’s oldest medical systems. Acupuncture and Chinese herbal remedies date back at least 2,200 years, although

  • TCP/IP (Internet protocols)

    TCP/IP, standard Internet communications protocols that allow digital computers to communicate over long distances. The Internet is a packet-switched network, in which information is broken down into small packets, sent individually over many different routes at the same time, and then reassembled

  • TCS (Indian company)

    F.C. Kohli: …was appointed general manager of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), an information technology organization, in 1969.

  • TCU (university, Fort Worth, Texas, United States)

    Texas Christian University, private, coeducational institution of higher education in Fort Worth, Texas, U.S. It is affiliated with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). It grants about 14 undergraduate degrees in more than 80 areas and about 14 graduate degrees in more than 30 fields,

  • Tczew (Poland)

    Tczew, city, Pomorskie województwo (province), north-central Poland. It lies along the Vistula River, 19 miles (30 km) above its mouth. Tczew is a major river port, with links to Gdańsk, and a rail junction for lines to Warsaw, Gdańsk, Bydgoszcz, and Chojnice. Shipyards and railroad workshops are

  • Td (vaccine)

    infectious disease: Diphtheria toxoid: …tetanus toxoid for adults (Td). The Td preparation contains only 15 to 20 percent of the diphtheria toxoid present in the DPT vaccine and is more suitable for use in older children and adults.

  • TDB (chronology)

    dynamical time: Barycentric Dynamical Time (TDB) is a dynamical timescale whose use the IAU permits where necessary for user convenience. TDB differs from TT only by periodic terms related to the Earth’s orbit, but it is applied to a reference system at rest with respect to the…

  • TDEA (cryptology)

    Data Encryption Standard: This is known as “triple DES” and involves using two normal DES keys. As proposed by Walter Tuchman of the Amperif Corporation, the encryption operation would be E1D2E1 while decryption would be D1E2D1. Since EkDk = Dk

  • TDI (chemical compound)

    major industrial polymers: Polyurethanes: …used to prepare polyurethanes are toluene diisocyanate (TDI), methylene-4,4′-diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), and a polymeric isocyanate (PMDI). These isocyanates have the following structures:

  • TDM (electronics)

    telecommunication: Time-division multiplexing: Multiplexing also may be conducted through the interleaving of time segments from different signals onto a single transmission path—a process known as time-division multiplexing (TDM). Time-division multiplexing of multiple signals is possible only when the available data rate of the channel exceeds the…

  • TDMA (communications)

    mobile telephone: Development of cellular systems: …compression in conjunction with a time-division multiple access (TDMA) method; this also permitted three new voice channels in place of one AMPS channel. Finally, in 1994 there surfaced a third approach, developed originally by Qualcomm, Inc., but also adopted as a standard by the TIA. This third approach used a…

Your preference has been recorded
Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
Subscribe Today!
港台一级毛片免费观看