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  • Tarpeia suis (virus)

    Haemophilus: …together with a virus (Tarpeia suis), causes swine influenza. H. ducreyi causes a venereal disease in humans known as chancroid, or soft chancre. H. influenzae was at one time thought to cause human influenza, but it is now believed to be a source of secondary infection in persons suffering…

  • Tarpeian Rock (cliff, Rome, Italy)

    Tarpeia: …attempt to account for the Tarpeian Rock, a cliff on the Capitoline Hill over which murderers and traitors were thrown.

  • Tarpenning, Marc (American entrepreneur)

    Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning: Tarpenning was raised in Sacramento, Calif., and earned a bachelor’s degree (1985) in computer science from the University of California, Berkeley. He began his career working for the conglomerate Textron in Saudi Arabia. Tarpenning then developed software and firmware products for several companies, including Seagate…

  • tarpon (fish)

    Tarpon, any of certain marine fish of the family Megalopidae (order Elopiformes), related to the bonefish and the ladyfish and identified by the elongated last dorsal fin ray and the bony throat plate between the sides of the protruding lower jaw. The scales are large, thick, and silvery. The

  • Tarpon atlanticus (fish)

    tarpon: The Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus; alternate name Tarpon atlanticus) is found inshore in warm parts of the Atlantic, on the Pacific side of Central America, and sometimes in rivers. Also called silver king, grand écaille, and sabalo real, it habitually breaks water and gulps air. It…

  • Tarpon Springs (Florida, United States)

    Tarpon Springs, city, Pinellas county, west-central Florida, U.S., on the Anclote River bayous between Lake Tarpon and the Gulf of Mexico, about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Tampa. The area was settled in 1876, and the city was founded in 1882 by Anson P.K. Safford, a former governor of the

  • Tarquin (king of Rome [616-578 bc])

    Tarquin, traditionally the fifth king of Rome, accepted by some scholars as a historical figure and usually said to have reigned from 616 to 578. His father was a Greek who went to live in Tarquinii, in Etruria, from which Lucumo moved to Rome on the advice of his wife, the prophet Tanaquil.

  • Tarquin (Roman dynasty)

    Etruscan: …the Etruscan dynasty of the Tarquins is said to have ruled from 616 to 510/509 bce. It is possible that the Roman Tarquins were connected with a family called Tarchu, which is known from inscriptions.

  • Tarquin (king of Rome [534-509 bc])

    Tarquin, traditionally the seventh and last king of Rome, accepted by some scholars as a historical figure. His reign is dated from 534 to 509 bc. Tarquinius Superbus was, in Roman tradition, the son (according to Fabius Pictor) or grandson (according to Calpurnius Piso Frugi) of Tarquinius Priscus

  • Tarquin and Lucretia (painting by Titian)

    Titian: Mythological paintings: …for Philip II was the Tarquin and Lucretia, a dramatic work of great vigour that proves that the aged master had lost none of his creative powers. Rather than Lucretia’s suicide because of her rape by Tarquin, which is the more common subject, Titian chose to represent Tarquin’s violent attack…

  • Tarquinia (Italy)

    Tarquinia, town and episcopal see, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. It lies 4 miles (7 km) inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea, just north of Civitavecchia. The town developed out of the ancient Tárchuna (2 miles [3 km] northeast), which was one of the principal cities of the Etruscan

  • Tarquinii (Italy)

    Tarquinia, town and episcopal see, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. It lies 4 miles (7 km) inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea, just north of Civitavecchia. The town developed out of the ancient Tárchuna (2 miles [3 km] northeast), which was one of the principal cities of the Etruscan

  • Tarquinius Priscus, Lucius (king of Rome [616-578 bc])

    Tarquin, traditionally the fifth king of Rome, accepted by some scholars as a historical figure and usually said to have reigned from 616 to 578. His father was a Greek who went to live in Tarquinii, in Etruria, from which Lucumo moved to Rome on the advice of his wife, the prophet Tanaquil.

  • Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius (king of Rome [534-509 bc])

    Tarquin, traditionally the seventh and last king of Rome, accepted by some scholars as a historical figure. His reign is dated from 534 to 509 bc. Tarquinius Superbus was, in Roman tradition, the son (according to Fabius Pictor) or grandson (according to Calpurnius Piso Frugi) of Tarquinius Priscus

  • Tarquinius Superbus, Lucius (king of Rome [534-509 bc])

    Tarquin, traditionally the seventh and last king of Rome, accepted by some scholars as a historical figure. His reign is dated from 534 to 509 bc. Tarquinius Superbus was, in Roman tradition, the son (according to Fabius Pictor) or grandson (according to Calpurnius Piso Frugi) of Tarquinius Priscus

  • Tarr (novel by Lewis)

    English literature: Anglo-American Modernism: Pound, Lewis, Lawrence, and Eliot: …1914, and his experimental novel Tarr (1918) can still surprise with their violent exuberance.

  • Tarr, Béla (Hungarian director)

    László Nemes: …assistant to the distinguished director Béla Tarr on two projects: Tarr’s contribution to the short-film compendium Visions of Europe (2004), and A londoni férfi (2007; The Man from London). Nemes went on to direct a short film of his own: Türelem (2007; With a Little Patience), which was shown at…

  • Tarraco (Spain)

    Tarragona, city, capital of Tarragona provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Catalonia, northeastern Spain. It lies at the mouth of the Francolí River, on a hill (230 feet [70 metres] high) rising abruptly from the Mediterranean Sea. Tarragona is a flourishing

  • Tarraconensis (Roman province, Spain)

    ancient Rome: Foreign policy: Baetica and imperial Lusitania and Tarraconensis. Three legions enforced Roman authority from Gibraltar to the mouth of the Rhine. Augustus ignored the advice of court poets and others to advance still farther and annex Britain.

  • Tarradellas i Joan, Josep (Catalan politician)

    Josep Tarradellas i Joan, Catalan political leader who led the struggle for an autonomous Catalonia as head of the Catalan government-in-exile (1939–77) and as interim president (1977–80). Tarradellas joined the campaign for Catalan autonomy in 1916 and entered the Generalitat (regional parliament)

  • tarragon (herb)

    Tarragon, (Artemisia dracunculus), bushy aromatic herb of the family Asteraceae, the dried leaves and flowering tops of which are used to add tang and piquancy to many culinary dishes, particularly fish, chicken, stews, sauces, omelets, cheeses, vegetables, tomatoes, and pickles. Tarragon is a

  • Tarragona (Spain)

    Tarragona, city, capital of Tarragona provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Catalonia, northeastern Spain. It lies at the mouth of the Francolí River, on a hill (230 feet [70 metres] high) rising abruptly from the Mediterranean Sea. Tarragona is a flourishing

  • Tarragona (province, Spain)

    Tarragona, provincia (province) in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Catalonia, northeastern Spain. It borders the Mediterranean Sea. With Barcelona, Girona, and Lleida, Tarragona became one of the four component provinces of the autonomous region of Catalonia in 1979. It comprises a

  • Tarrant, Verena (fictional character)

    Verena Tarrant, fictional character, a beautiful, gifted, and naive young woman in the novel The Bostonians (1886) by Henry

  • Tarrasa (Spain)

    Terrassa, city, Barcelona provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Catalonia, in northeastern Spain. Terrassa lies along the coastal plain, just northwest of Barcelona city. The successor of Egara, a Roman town, it became in ad 450 an important episcopal see with a

  • Tarrasch, Siegbert (German chess player)

    Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess master and physician who was noted for his books on chess theories. Tarrasch won five major tournaments consecutively between 1888 and 1894. His best achievement was probably in 1898 at Vienna, where he tied for first with the American Harry Nelson Pillsbury, whom he

  • Tarrisse, Dom Gregory (French Catholic monk)

    Maurist: Dom Gregory Tarrisse (1575–1648), the first president, desired to make scholarship the congregation’s distinguishing feature; he organized schools of training and set up their headquarters at Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris, which soon became a rendezvous for many scholars. Each Maurist monk made his religious profession not…

  • Tarrytown (New York, United States)

    Tarrytown, village in Greenburgh town (township), Westchester county, southeastern New York, U.S. A northern suburb of New York City, it is just northwest of White Plains, where the Hudson River widens to form the Tappan Zee (there bridged by the Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway). With Irvington

  • tarsal (bone)

    Tarsal, any of several short, angular bones that in humans make up the ankle and that—in animals that walk on their toes (e.g., dogs, cats) or on hoofs—are contained in the hock, lifted off the ground. The tarsals correspond to the carpal bones of the upper limb. In humans the tarsals, in

  • tarsal gland (anatomy)

    human skin: Sebaceous glands: …the border of the eyelids—the meibomian glands—are so large that they are easily seen with the naked eye when the eyelids are everted. The glands on the genitalia produce copious amounts of sebaceous matter called smegma. Only humans have rich populations of sebaceous glands on the hairless surfaces of the…

  • tarsal plate (anatomy)

    human eye: The eyelids: …its principal portions being the tarsal plates, which border directly upon the opening between the lids, called the palpebral aperture; and (4) the innermost layer of the lid, a portion of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is a mucous membrane that serves to attach the eyeball to the orbit and lids…

  • Tarsatica (ancient city, Croatia)

    Rijeka: A Roman settlement, Tarsatica, dating from the 3rd century, is thought to have been destroyed by Charlemagne about 800. Avars and Slavs had begun to settle there in the 6th–7th century, and a recognizable settlement (Starigrad, meaning “Old City”) had developed on the right bank of the Rje?ina…

  • Tarshish (work by ibn Ezra)

    Moses ibn Ezra: …is found in the cycle Tarshish. In it, he celebrates love, the pleasures of wine, and the beauty of birdsong and bemoans faithlessness and the onset of old age.

  • Tarshish (ancient region and town, Spain)

    Tartessus, ancient region and town of the Guadalquivir River valley in southwestern Spain, probably identical with the Tarshish mentioned in the Bible. It prospered from trade with the Phoenicians and Carthaginians but was probably destroyed by the latter about 500 bc. The exact site of the town is

  • Tarsia, Galeazzo di (Italian author)

    Italian literature: Poetry: …in Della Casa’s poems, and Galeazzo di Tarsia stood out from contemporary poets by virtue of a vigorous style. Also worthy of note are the passionate sonnets of the Paduan woman poet Gaspara Stampa and those of Michelangelo.

  • tarsier (primate)

    Tarsier, (family Tarsiidae), any of six or more species of small leaping primates found only on various islands of Southeast Asia, including the Philippines. Tarsiers are intermediate in form between lemurs and monkeys, measuring only about 9–16 cm (3.5–6 inches) long, excluding a tail of about

  • Tarsiidae (primate)

    Tarsier, (family Tarsiidae), any of six or more species of small leaping primates found only on various islands of Southeast Asia, including the Philippines. Tarsiers are intermediate in form between lemurs and monkeys, measuring only about 9–16 cm (3.5–6 inches) long, excluding a tail of about

  • Tarsiiformes (primate infraorder)

    tarsier: …it constitutes a separate infraorder, Tarsiiformes.

  • Tarsipedidae (marsupial family)

    marsupial: Classification: Family Tarsipedidae (honey possum) 1 species of southwestern Western Australia, adapted for feeding on nectar of flowers. Family Phascolarctidae (koala) 1 bearlike arboreal species of eastern Australia. Related to family Vombatidae.

  • Tarsipes spenserae (marsupial)

    marsupial: The small honey possum (Tarsipes rostratus) is specialized to feed on the nectar of flowers, and other marsupials also may serve as important pollinators in that way. Few large carnivores have ever evolved in Australia, because of the low productivity of its environment. The most-recent large carnivorous…

  • Tarsius bancanus (primate)

    tarsier: In Indonesia and Malaysia the Western tarsier (Tarsius bancanus) has huge bulging eyes, making the head broader than it is long; it also has the longest feet, and its tail is tufted at the tip. It thrives in both old-growth and secondary forests but can also be found in low…

  • Tarsius spectrum (primate)

    tarsier: The South Sulawesi, or spectral, tarsier (T. tarsier, formerly called T. spectrum) is primitive, with smaller eyes, shorter feet, and a hairier tail. There are several species on Celebes and its offshore islands, but most have not yet been described scientifically. The most distinctive is the…

  • Tarsius syrichta (primate)

    tarsier: The Philippine tarsier (T. syrichta) has a totally bald tail, and the feet are also nearly hairless. Human settlement in its habitat threatens its continued existence.

  • Tarsius tarsier (primate)

    tarsier: The South Sulawesi, or spectral, tarsier (T. tarsier, formerly called T. spectrum) is primitive, with smaller eyes, shorter feet, and a hairier tail. There are several species on Celebes and its offshore islands, but most have not yet been described scientifically. The most distinctive is the…

  • Tarski, Alfred (American mathematician and logician)

    Alfred Tarski, Polish-born American mathematician and logician who made important studies of general algebra, measure theory, mathematical logic, set theory, and metamathematics. Tarski completed his education at the University of Warsaw (Ph.D., 1923). He taught in Warsaw until 1939, when he moved

  • tarsometatarsus (anatomy)

    bird: Skeleton: …bones (proximal tarsals), and the tarsometatarsus, resulting from the fusion of metatarsals I through IV and the distal row of tarsals. Metatarsals II through IV contribute most to the tarsometatarsus. The basic number of phalanges (sections) on the toes is two, three, four, and five, respectively, one more than the…

  • Tarsus (Turkey)

    Tarsus, city, south-central Turkey. It is located on the Tarsus River, about 12 miles (20 km) from the Mediterranean Sea coast. Tarsus is an ancient city on the alluvial plain of ancient Cilicia, the birthplace of St. Paul (Acts of the Apostles 22:3). Excavations by the American archaeologist Hetty

  • tarsus (anatomy)

    psittaciform: Feet: …the characteristic short, thick tarsometatarsus—or tarsus, as the entire region is called—and the zygodactylous long, strong toes that enable parrots to climb and manipulate objects so ably. The entire foot is encased in tough skin covered with small scales.

  • tart (food)

    pie: Tarts are similar to pies and the names are often used interchangeably. Tarts are made with short rather than flaky pastry and are frequently baked “blind,” or empty, and filled after baking. A flan is a tart made in an open-bottom pan that is placed…

  • Tartaglia, Niccolò Fontana (Italian mathematician)

    Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician who originated the science of ballistics. During the French sack of Brescia (1512), his jaws and palate were cleft by a sabre. The resulting speech difficulty earned him the nickname Tartaglia (“Stammerer”), which he adopted. He settled in Venice in

  • Tartalea, Niccolò Fontana (Italian mathematician)

    Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia, Italian mathematician who originated the science of ballistics. During the French sack of Brescia (1512), his jaws and palate were cleft by a sabre. The resulting speech difficulty earned him the nickname Tartaglia (“Stammerer”), which he adopted. He settled in Venice in

  • tartan (textile design)

    Tartan, cross-checkered repeating pattern (or “sett”) of different coloured bands, stripes, or lines of definite width and sequence, woven into woolen cloth (sometimes with silk added). Although such patterns have existed for centuries in many cultures, they have come to be regarded as peculiarly

  • tartan (Mesopotamian official)

    history of Mesopotamia: Ashurbanipal (668–627) and Shamash-shum-ukin (668–648): …servant carried the title of tartān, a Hurrian word. The tartāns also represented the king during his absence. In descending rank were the palace overseer, the main cupbearer, the palace administrator, and the governor of Assyria. The generals often held high official positions, particularly in the provinces. The civil service…

  • Tartana degli influssi, La (work by Gozzi)

    Carlo, Conte Gozzi: …first in a satirical poem, La tartana degli influssi (1747), and then in an exotic commedia dell’arte play, L’amore delle tre melarance (performed 1761; “The Love of the Three Oranges”), in which he personified Goldoni as a magician and Pietro Chiari as a wicked fairy.

  • Tartar (missile)

    rocket and missile system: Surface-to-air: …a radar-beam rider, and the Tartar, a semiactive radar homing missile. These were replaced in the late 1960s by the Standard semiactive radar homing system. The solid-fueled, Mach-2 Standard missiles were deployed in medium-range (MR) and two-stage extended-range (ER) versions capable, respectively, of about 15 miles and 35 miles. Within…

  • Tartar (people)

    Tatar, any member of several Turkic-speaking peoples that collectively numbered more than 5 million in the late 20th century and lived mainly in west-central Russia along the central course of the Volga River and its tributary, the Kama, and thence east to the Ural Mountains. The Tatars are also

  • tartar emetic (chemical compound)

    antimony poisoning: …antimony in medications, such as tartar emetic (antimony and potassium tartrate), used to induce vomiting and in treatment of helminthic and fungal infestations. The industrial use of antimony has not appeared to be associated with serious occupational poisoning. It is believed that the toxicity of antimony and of arsenic is…

  • Tartar Steppe, The (work by Buzzati)

    Dino Buzzati: …Il deserto dei Tartari (1940; The Tartar Steppe), is a powerful and ironic tale of garrison troops at a frontier military post, poised in expectancy for an enemy who never comes and unable to go forward or retreat.

  • tartar, cream of (chemical compound)

    carboxylic acid: Polycarboxylic acids: …of tartaric acid, commonly called cream of tartar, is obtained from wine casks, where it crystallizes as a hard crust. In the past, it was used in baking powders as a leavening agent, but this application has largely (though not entirely) been superseded by cheaper substances such as monocalcium phosphate.…

  • tartaric acid (chemical compound)

    Tartaric acid, a dicarboxylic acid, one of the most widely distributed of plant acids, with a number of food and industrial uses. Along with several of its salts, cream of tartar (potassium hydrogen tartrate) and Rochelle salt (potassium sodium tartrate), it is obtained from by-products of wine

  • Tartarus (Greek mythology)

    Tartarus, the infernal regions of ancient Greek mythology. The name was originally used for the deepest region of the world, the lower of the two parts of the underworld, where the gods locked up their enemies. It gradually came to mean the entire underworld. As such it was the opposite of Elysium,

  • tartary buckwheat (plant)

    buckwheat: A related species known as green buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) is used similarly and is chiefly cultivated in East Asia.

  • Tarter, Jill (American astronomer)

    brown dwarf: American astronomer Jill Tarter proposed the name “brown dwarf” in 1975; although brown dwarfs are not brown, the name stuck because these objects were thought to have dust, and the more accurate “red dwarf” already described a different type of star. Searches for brown dwarfs in the…

  • Tartessos (ancient region and town, Spain)

    Tartessus, ancient region and town of the Guadalquivir River valley in southwestern Spain, probably identical with the Tarshish mentioned in the Bible. It prospered from trade with the Phoenicians and Carthaginians but was probably destroyed by the latter about 500 bc. The exact site of the town is

  • Tartessus (ancient region and town, Spain)

    Tartessus, ancient region and town of the Guadalquivir River valley in southwestern Spain, probably identical with the Tarshish mentioned in the Bible. It prospered from trade with the Phoenicians and Carthaginians but was probably destroyed by the latter about 500 bc. The exact site of the town is

  • Tartikoff, Brandon (American television executive)

    Brandon Tartikoff, American television executive (born Jan. 13, 1949, New York, N.Y.—died Aug. 27, 1997, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a programming wizard who selected shows that became the highest-rated television series during the 1980s and propelled NBC, which had trailed behind the other major n

  • Tartini tone (music)

    Giuseppe Tartini: … by his discovery of the difference tone, also called the Tartini tone, a third note heard when two notes are played steadily and with intensity. He also devised a theory of harmony based on affinities with algebra and geometry, set forth in his Trattato di musica (1754; “Treatise on Music”)…

  • Tartini, Giuseppe (Italian musician)

    Giuseppe Tartini, Italian violinist, composer, and theorist who helped establish the modern style of violin bowing and formulated principles of musical ornamentation and harmony. Tartini studied divinity and law at Padua and at the same time established a reputation as a fencer. Before the age of

  • tartogo (plant)

    jatropha: A garden curiosity is tartogo, or gouty jatropha (J. podagrica), from Guatemala and Honduras; it has a short trunk that is swollen at the base, erect red clusters of small flowers borne most of the year, and three- to five-lobed palmate (fanlike) leaves. The coral plant (J. multifida) from…

  • Tartous (Syria)

    ?ar?ūs, town, western Syria, situated on the Mediterranean coast opposite Arwād Island. It was founded in antiquity as Antaradus, a colony of Aradus (now Arwād Island). It was rebuilt in 346 ce by Emperor Constantine I and flourished during Roman and Byzantine times. Crusaders occupied ?ar?ūs, then

  • tartrazine (dye)

    azo dye: Tartrazine is a yellow acid azo dye discovered in 1884 and still in common use.

  • Tartt, Donna (American author)

    Donna Tartt, American novelist especially noted for her debut novel, The Secret History (1992), and her third book, The Goldfinch (2013), winner of the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for fiction. Tartt grew up in the small town of Grenada, Mississippi. She was a bookish child. When she was only 5 years old,

  • Tartt, Donna Louise (American author)

    Donna Tartt, American novelist especially noted for her debut novel, The Secret History (1992), and her third book, The Goldfinch (2013), winner of the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for fiction. Tartt grew up in the small town of Grenada, Mississippi. She was a bookish child. When she was only 5 years old,

  • Tartu (Estonia)

    Tartu, old university city of southeastern Estonia, on the Ema River. The original settlement of Tarbatu dates from the 5th century; in 1030 the Russians built a fort there called Yuryev. From the 13th to the 16th century, the town was a prosperous member of the Hanseatic League. Then held in turn

  • Tartu State University (university, Tartu, Estonia)

    Gustavus Adolphus: Resolution of internal problems: …and his foundation of the University of Tartu provided the first centre for higher learning in the Baltic provinces. During Gustavus’s reign many town charters were granted, among them that of Gothenburg (1619). He also promoted the Swedish economy through immigration and the infusion of foreign capital. Immigrants, such as…

  • Tartu, Treaty of (Europe [1920])

    Juho Kusti Paasikivi: 14, 1920, signed at Tartu, Estonia, the peace treaty with Russia, after warning his government against trying to take advantage of Russia’s temporary weakness. In independent postwar Finland he became prominent as a banker and businessman.

  • Tartuffe (play by Molière)

    Tartuffe, comedy in five acts by Molière, produced in 1664 and published in French in 1669 as Le Tartuffe; ou, l’imposteur (“Tartuffe; or, The Imposter”). It was also published in English as The Imposter. Tartuffe is a sanctimonious scoundrel who, professing extreme piety, is taken into the

  • Tartuffe, ou l’imposteur, Le (play by Molière)

    Tartuffe, comedy in five acts by Molière, produced in 1664 and published in French in 1669 as Le Tartuffe; ou, l’imposteur (“Tartuffe; or, The Imposter”). It was also published in English as The Imposter. Tartuffe is a sanctimonious scoundrel who, professing extreme piety, is taken into the

  • ?ar?ūs (Syria)

    ?ar?ūs, town, western Syria, situated on the Mediterranean coast opposite Arwād Island. It was founded in antiquity as Antaradus, a colony of Aradus (now Arwād Island). It was rebuilt in 346 ce by Emperor Constantine I and flourished during Roman and Byzantine times. Crusaders occupied ?ar?ūs, then

  • Taru (ancient god)

    Tarhun, ancient Anatolian weather god. His name appears in Hittite and Assyrian records (c. 1400–612 bc) and later as an element in Hellenistic personal names, primarily from Cilicia. Tarhunt was the Luwian form and Tarhun (Tarhunna) probably the Hittite, from the common root tarh-, “to conquer.”

  • Taruc, Luis (Filipino political leader)

    Luis Taruc, Philippine leader (1942–54) of the communist Huk (Hukbalahap) movement. The son of poor peasants, Taruc studied at the University of Manila for two years (1932–34) and then became involved in the cause of the Philippines’ landless peasants. Strongly drawn to Marxism, he joined the

  • Tarudesert (desert, Kenya)

    Nyiri Desert, desert, south-central Kenya. It lies about 50 miles (80 km) east of Lake Magadi and near the northern border of Tanzania. The desert encompasses the Amboseli National Park, including the northern half of Lake Amboseli. Nairobi National Park lies at its northern extremity and Tsavo

  • Taruma (Indonesian kingdom)

    Tarumanegara, the oldest recorded kingdom in western Java. It was established about the 5th century ad, but little is recorded about the kingdom except for a sketchy account by a Chinese traveler and several rock inscriptions discovered near Bogor and in extreme western Java. These sources agree t

  • Tarumanegara (Indonesian kingdom)

    Tarumanegara, the oldest recorded kingdom in western Java. It was established about the 5th century ad, but little is recorded about the kingdom except for a sketchy account by a Chinese traveler and several rock inscriptions discovered near Bogor and in extreme western Java. These sources agree t

  • Tar?n naraes? (film by Hong Sang-soo [2012])

    Isabelle Huppert: Versatility in the 1990s and 2000s: In Tar?n naraes? (2012; In Another Country), a series of related vignettes set in South Korea, Huppert starred as three different women dealing with romantic entanglements, and in Haneke’s Amour (2012) she had a supporting role as the daughter of an elderly couple facing mortality.

  • Taruna (Indonesia)

    Sangihe Islands: Tahuna (Taruna), on Sangihe’s west coast, is the main town and lies in the shadow of Mount Awu (4,330 feet [1,320 metres]), an active volcano to the north. Most of the islands’ inhabitants profess Christianity. Manila hemp is grown, and its weaving is a major…

  • Tarver, Antonio (American boxer)

    Roy Jones, Jr.: …to light heavyweight to face Antonio Tarver on November 8, 2003, in Las Vegas. Tarver gave Jones a surprisingly difficult fight, though Jones managed to win by a majority decision, capturing Tarver’s World Boxing Council (WBC) light heavyweight belt. In their rematch on May 15, 2004, Jones suffered only his…

  • Tarver, Antonio Deon (American boxer)

    Roy Jones, Jr.: …to light heavyweight to face Antonio Tarver on November 8, 2003, in Las Vegas. Tarver gave Jones a surprisingly difficult fight, though Jones managed to win by a majority decision, capturing Tarver’s World Boxing Council (WBC) light heavyweight belt. In their rematch on May 15, 2004, Jones suffered only his…

  • Tarvisium (Italy)

    Treviso, city, Veneto regione, northeastern Italy, situated north of Venice in a fertile plain at the confluence of the Sile and Botteniga rivers and intersected by canals. Originating as the Celtic Tarvisium, it was a Roman municipality and had an important mint at the time of Charlemagne. As

  • tarwanas (Carchemish title)

    Anatolia: The neo-Hittite states from c. 1180 to 700 bce: …Hittite past, but one (tarwanas, conventionally translated as “judge” or “ruler”) is entirely new and may reflect a new political phenomenon. Neo-Hittite kings of the 9th century often bore the names of their imperial predecessors; an inscription at Boybeyp?nar? mentions both a Suppiluliumas and a Hattusilis; at Patina, kings…

  • tarweed (plant)

    Tarweed, any sticky, hairy plant of the genus Madia of the family Asteraceae, consisting of about 18 species. They are native to western North and South America. A few species are grown as garden plants for their yellow or brownish yellow flowers and strong odour. The madia oil plant (M. sativa) is

  • Tarxien (town, Malta)

    Tarxien, town, eastern Malta, just southeast of Valletta and adjacent to Paola to the northwest. Tarxien (or Hal Tarxien; pronounced “Tar-shin”) is famous for its remarkably well-preserved complex of three Neolithic temples of different date but similar plan. The ruins were discovered by farmers in

  • Tarxien Cemetery culture (ancient civilization, Malta)

    Malta: Early history: …it was replaced by the Tarxien Cemetery culture, a metal-using civilization that practiced a cremation burial rite. This culture in turn was supplanted by the Bor? In-Nadur people (1450–800 bce), whose settlements were founded on naturally defensible hilltops. Between 900 and 800 bce, people settled at Ba?rija and were known…

  • tarz-i nev (poetry)

    Turkish literature: Movements and poets: …style of poetry was termed taze-g??? (“fresh speech”) or tarz-i nev (“new style”). (By the early 20th century it had come to be known as poetry of the Indian school, or Sabk-i Hindī.) In the late 16th century the two most important figures had been the Indian-born poet Fayz? and…

  • Tarzan (animated film by Buck and Lima [1999])
  • Tarzan (fictional character)

    Tarzan, one of the best-known and most durable figures of popular fiction, the hero of jungle adventures in nearly 30 novels and dozens of motion pictures. Tarzan, the creation of the American novelist Edgar Rice Burroughs, first appeared in a magazine story in 1912. His popularity led to the

  • Tarzan and Jane Regained…Sort of (film by Warhol [1964])

    James Bridges: … in Andy Warhol’s underground film Tarzan and Jane Regained…Sort of (1964). However, he eventually focused on working behind the camera. He wrote the well-received Marlon Brando vehicle The Appaloosa (1966), as well as numerous episodes of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour. In 1970 Bridges both scripted and directed The Baby Maker,…

  • Tarzan of the Apes (novel by Burroughs)

    Tarzan: …the publication of a novel, Tarzan of the Apes (1914), and to a series of successful sequels reported to have sold more than 25 million copies worldwide. Burroughs’s novels relate in colourful, rather extravagant prose how Tarzan, the son of an English nobleman, is abandoned in the jungles of Africa,…

  • Tarzan of the Apes (film by Sidney [1918])

    Tarzan of the Apes, American silent film, released in 1918, that was the first of many screen adaptations of Edgar Rice Burroughs’s legendary adventure novel Tarzan of the Apes (1912), about a young orphan raised to maturity by apes. Burroughs’s novel was greatly condensed for this version, leaving

  • Tarzan the Ape Man (film by Van Dyke [1932])

    W.S. Van Dyke: One Take Woody: With Tarzan the Ape Man (1932), Van Dyke returned to the African jungle setting, blending unused Trader Horn footage with studio-set work. The action adventure was the first sound film to star Edgar Rice Burrough’s fictional character, and it was a huge box-office success. Tarzan made…

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