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  • Tang-e Soleyman Dam (dam, Iran)

    dam: The earthquake problem: …has been done for the Tang-e Soleyman Dam in Iran and the Gariep Dam in South Africa.

  • tang-p’iri (musical instrument)

    p'iri: …strident of the p’iris, the tang-p’iri, is used. This instrument is about the size of the se-p’iri but has a larger bore.

  • Tanga (song by Bauzá)

    Latin jazz: …jazz critics, Bauzá’s tune “Tanga,” one of the Machito orchestra’s hits dating to the early 1940s, was the first true example of the music that is now known as Latin jazz.

  • tanga (coin)

    coin: Islamic: …extensive, mainly gold and silver tangas (or rupees) of 10.76 grams. Gold was hardly issued at all in the 15th and 16th centuries, and for a time the coinage was mainly billon. Shēr Shāh of Sūr (1540–45), of northern India, issued a large silver currency of a type carrying the…

  • Tanga (Tanzania)

    Tanga, city and port, northeastern Tanzania, eastern Africa, located on the Pemba Channel of the Indian Ocean. The city itself was established on the coast by Persian traders in the 14th century, but early Iron Age sites in the nearby foothills of the Pare and Usambara mountains and in the Digo

  • Tanga Islands (islands, Papua New Guinea)

    Oceanic art and architecture: New Ireland: The masks of the Tanga Islands were ephemeral constructions of bark and fibre over bamboo frames. They were semiconical in shape, with long backswept ears, thin upturned noses, and extended chins or beards. On the neighbouring mainland, masks were made of the same materials but were more naturalistic. Masks…

  • Tanga, Battle of (World War I [1914])

    Battle of Tanga, also known as the Battle of the Bees, (2–5 November 1914). In the opening battle in German East Africa (Tanzania) during World War I, an amphibious landing at Tanga ended in total fiasco for the British. Failure to secure the harbor as a base for future operations ended hopes that

  • Tangail (Bangladesh)

    Tangail, city, north-central Bangladesh. It lies just east of the Jamuna River (the name of the Brahmaputra River in Bangladesh). Tangail is an important hand-loom and cotton-weaving centre and also serves as a trading centre for the rice, jute, and oilseeds that are grown in the surrounding

  • Tangale (people)

    Chad: Ethnic groups: …two rivers, are found the Tangale peoples.

  • Tanganyika (historical state, Tanzania)

    Tanganyika, historical eastern African state that in 1964 merged with Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, later renamed the United Republic of Tanzania. (See Tanzania.) Archaeological evidence attests to a long history of settlement in the area; by the 10th century ce,

  • Tanganyika African National Union (Tanzanian political organization)

    flag of Tanzania: …Tanganyika was led by the Tanganyika African National Union, whose flag was a horizontal tricolour of green-black-green. Elections confirmed the overwhelming popular support for the organization, and British authorities suggested modifying the party flag for use as a national flag subsequent to independence on December 9, 1961. Yellow fimbriations were…

  • Tanganyika African Nationalist Union (Tanzanian political organization)

    flag of Tanzania: …Tanganyika was led by the Tanganyika African National Union, whose flag was a horizontal tricolour of green-black-green. Elections confirmed the overwhelming popular support for the organization, and British authorities suggested modifying the party flag for use as a national flag subsequent to independence on December 9, 1961. Yellow fimbriations were…

  • Tanganyika sardine (fish)

    clupeiform: Reproduction: The eggs of the Tanganyika sardine (Stolothrissa tanganicae), a species that spawns at the surface in open areas of freshwater environments, hatch in 24 to 36 hours. The eggs constantly sink from the surface to a depth of 75 to 150 metres (250 to 500 feet) at a temperature…

  • Tanganyika, Lake (lake, Africa)

    Lake Tanganyika, second largest of the lakes of eastern Africa. It is the longest freshwater lake in the world (410 miles [660 km]) and the second deepest (4,710 feet [1,436 metres]) after Lake Baikal in Russia. Comparatively narrow, varying in width from 10 to 45 miles (16 to 72 km), it covers

  • Tangara chilensis (bird)

    tanager: An example is the paradise tanager (T. chilensis), called siete colores (Spanish) from its seven hues, including green, scarlet, and purple. The euphonias (Tanagra species) are found from Mexico southward; they should not be confused with Tangara species (above). Of the eight species of Thraupis, the blue, or blue-gray,…

  • Tangda (district, Tianjin, China)

    Tanggu, district, eastern Tianjin municipality, northeastern China. It is located on the Hai River where the Hai empties into the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli). Formerly the town of Tangda (it was renamed in 1952), Tanggu district has been under the administration of Tianjin since 1949. The district lies

  • Tangdi Yao (Chinese mythological emperor)

    Yao, in Chinese mythology, a legendary emperor (c. 24th century bce) of the golden age of antiquity, exalted by Confucius as an inspiration and perennial model of virtue, righteousness, and unselfish devotion. His name is inseparable from that of his successor Shun, to whom he gave his two

  • Tange Kenzō (Japanese architect)

    Tange Kenzō, one of the foremost Japanese architects in the decades following World War II. After graduating from Tokyo Imperial University (now the University of Tokyo) in 1938, Tange worked in the office of Maekawa Kunio, an architect who had studied with Le Corbusier. In 1942 Tange returned to

  • tangelo (fruit)

    tangerine: tangelos (C. ×tangelo).

  • Tangen (Norway)

    Drammen, city, southeastern Norway. Located at the junction of the Drams River with Drams Fjord, southwest of Oslo, the site was first settled in the 13th century as two separate communities, Bragernes and Str?ms?y. Each was granted common town privileges in 1715. In 1811 they merged with Tangen

  • Tangencies (work of Apollonius)

    Apollonius of Perga: …Section”), “On Determinate Section,” “Tangencies,” “Vergings” (or “Inclinations”), and “Plane Loci,” and provides valuable information on their contents in Book VII of his Collection.

  • tangent (of a curve)

    Tangent, in geometry, straight line (or smooth curve) that touches a given curve at one point; at that point the slope of the curve is equal to that of the tangent. A tangent line may be considered the limiting position of a secant line as the two points at which it crosses the curve approach one

  • tangent (mathematical function)

    trigonometry: are sine (sin), cosine (cos), tangent (tan), cotangent (cot), secant (sec), and cosecant (csc). These six trigonometric functions in relation to a right triangle are displayed in the figure. For example, the triangle contains an angle A, and the ratio of the side opposite to A and the side opposite…

  • tangent (music)

    keyboard instrument: Principle of operation: …the brass blade, called a tangent, strikes the strings (which in most clavichords are arranged in pairs), causing them to vibrate. To the left of the tangent a strip of cloth is woven between the strings. When the key is struck, only the portion of the strings to the right…

  • tangent law (mathematics)

    tangent: The trigonometric law of tangents is a relationship between two sides of a plane triangle and the tangents of the sum and difference of the angles opposite those sides. In any plane triangle ABC, if a, b, and c are the sides opposite angles A, B, and…

  • tangent vector (mathematics)

    relativistic mechanics: Relativistic space-time: …4-acceleration correspond, respectively, to the tangent vector and the curvature vector of the world line (see Figure 2). If the particle moves slower than light, the tangent, or velocity, vector at each event on the world line points inside the light cone of that event, and the acceleration, or curvature,…

  • Tangenten (work by Doderer)

    Heimito von Doderer: …in a book of reminiscences, Tangenten (1964; “Tangents”). In World War II he was a Luftwaffe captain. Die Strudlhofstiege (1951; “The Strudlhof Stairs”), which covered the Vienna scene in 1910–11 and 1923–25, sets the stage for Die D?monen, which was a success and established Doderer’s reputation. Die Wasserf?lle von Slunj…

  • tangential velocity (physics)

    Milky Way Galaxy: The stellar luminosity function: …distribution of proper motions and tangential velocities (the speeds at which stellar objects move at right angles to the line of sight) of stars near the Sun.

  • tangents, law of (mathematics)

    tangent: The trigonometric law of tangents is a relationship between two sides of a plane triangle and the tangents of the sum and difference of the angles opposite those sides. In any plane triangle ABC, if a, b, and c are the sides opposite angles A, B, and…

  • Tanger (Morocco)

    Tangier, port and principal city of northern Morocco. It is located on a bay of the Strait of Gibraltar 17 miles (27 km) from the southern tip of Spain; Tétouan lies about 40 miles (65 km) to the southeast. Pop. (2004) 669,685. Tangier is built on the slopes of a chalky limestone hill. The old town

  • Tánger (Morocco)

    Tangier, port and principal city of northern Morocco. It is located on a bay of the Strait of Gibraltar 17 miles (27 km) from the southern tip of Spain; Tétouan lies about 40 miles (65 km) to the southeast. Pop. (2004) 669,685. Tangier is built on the slopes of a chalky limestone hill. The old town

  • tangerine (fruit)

    Tangerine, (Citrus reticulata), small thin-skinned variety of orange belonging to the mandarin orange species of the family Rutaceae. Probably indigenous to Southeast Asia, tangerine culture spread westward along trade routes as far as the Mediterranean. The fruit is cultivated in the subtropical

  • Tangerine Dream (German musical group)

    Kraftwerk: …of the German keyboard band Tangerine Dream. Adopting the name Kraftwerk (“power plant”), Hütter, Schneider, and a series of collaborators forged an austere sound and image as part of a small but highly influential cult of German bands who experimented with electronic instruments long before it was fashionable. The movement,…

  • Tanggeasinua Mountains (mountain range, Indonesia)

    Southeast Sulawesi: Geography: The Tanggeasinua and Mekongga mountains are parallel ranges in the northwestern part of the province; the latter rises to an elevation of 9,117 feet (2,779 metres) at Mount Mekongga, a volcanic peak. Rift valleys with steep sides are common. The low-lying eastern and western coastal margins…

  • Tanggu (district, Tianjin, China)

    Tanggu, district, eastern Tianjin municipality, northeastern China. It is located on the Hai River where the Hai empties into the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli). Formerly the town of Tangda (it was renamed in 1952), Tanggu district has been under the administration of Tianjin since 1949. The district lies

  • Tanggula Mountains (mountains, China)

    Tanggula Mountains, mountain range in the Tibet Autonomous Region, southwestern China. On the high plateau south of the mountains, there are many large salt lakes. In its eastern part the range forms the boundary between Tibet and Qinghai province. Although many peaks are higher than 19,000 feet

  • Tanggula Pass (mountain pass, China)

    Tanggula Mountains: …are crossed by the important Tanggula Pass, the main route that links Lhasa (capital of Tibet) and the southern Tibetan region to the Qaidam (Tsaidam) Basin and beyond in Qinghai to the north and east. Mineral surveys have revealed deposits of iron ore, hard coal, graphite, and asbestos in the…

  • Tanggula Shan (mountains, China)

    Tanggula Mountains, mountain range in the Tibet Autonomous Region, southwestern China. On the high plateau south of the mountains, there are many large salt lakes. In its eastern part the range forms the boundary between Tibet and Qinghai province. Although many peaks are higher than 19,000 feet

  • tangible property (law)

    property: …with respect to (at least) tangible things. The extraordinary diversity of the property systems of non-Western societies, however, suggests that any concept of property other than the descriptive one is dependent on the culture in which it is found. Because property law deals with the allocation, use, and transfer of…

  • Tangier (Morocco)

    Tangier, port and principal city of northern Morocco. It is located on a bay of the Strait of Gibraltar 17 miles (27 km) from the southern tip of Spain; Tétouan lies about 40 miles (65 km) to the southeast. Pop. (2004) 669,685. Tangier is built on the slopes of a chalky limestone hill. The old town

  • Tangier Incident (European history)

    Moroccan crises: The resultant international panic, the First Moroccan Crisis, was resolved in January–April 1906 at the Algeciras Conference, where German and other national economic rights were upheld and where the French and Spanish were entrusted with the policing of Morocco.

  • tangle net (fishing)

    net: …on the seabed—capture fish by entangling them. Gill and trammel nets are used principally to catch herring and salmon and are the most common drift nets. In commercial fishing, a long fleet of drift nets, often several miles in length, is suspended vertically with a line of corks or other…

  • Tangled Hair (work by Yosano)

    Japanese literature: Revitalization of the tanka and haiku: Akiko’s collection Midaregami (1901; Tangled Hair) stirred female readers especially, not only because of its lyrical beauty but because Akiko herself seemed to be proclaiming a new age of romantic love. Takuboku emerged in the course of his short life (he died in 1912 at age 26) as perhaps…

  • tangles (genus of brown algae)

    Laminaria, genus of about 30 species of brown algae (family Laminariaceae) found along the cold-water coasts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Sometimes known as tangles, Laminaria species can form vast, forestlike kelp beds and provide habitat for many types of fish and invertebrates. Some

  • Tanglewood (music festival, Lenox, Massachusetts, United States)

    Alleluia: …Berkshire Music Center (now the Tanglewood Music Center), the summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra (BSO), near Lenox, Massachusetts. It has opened Tanglewood’s summer season every year since that time, and it is one of the most frequently performed pieces of American choral music.

  • Tanglewood Music Center (music academy, Lenox, Massachusetts, United States)

    Boston Symphony Orchestra: …the Berkshire Music Center, the Tanglewood Music Center became the summer home of the BSO and an institute for advanced training for musicians.

  • Tanglewood Tales for Girls and Boys (children’s stories by Hawthorne)

    Tanglewood Tales for Girls and Boys, collection of children’s stories by Nathaniel Hawthorne, published in 1853. The book comprises six Greek myths that Hawthorne bowdlerized. Written as a sequel to A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys (1851), Tanglewood Tales is more serious than its lighthearted

  • Tango (film by Saura)

    Carlos Saura: …movies included El Dorado (1988); Tango (1998), which received an Academy Award nomination for best foreign film; and Salomé (2002). He also helmed such documentaries as Fados (2007); Flamenco, Flamenco (2010); Jota de Saura (2016), about the traditional Spanish dance and song; and Renzo Piano: The Architect of Light (2018),…

  • tango (dance)

    Tango, ballroom dance, musical style, and song. The tango evolved about 1880 in dance halls and perhaps brothels in the lower-class districts of Buenos Aires, where the Spanish tango, a light-spirited variety of flamenco, merged with the milonga, a fast, sensual, and disreputable Argentine dance;

  • tango maxixe (dance)

    Latin American dance: Dances of national identity (1800–1940): …category included the habanera, milonga, maxixe, and danzón. Because pelvic movement was included, whether soft sways as in the Cuban danzón or body-to-body hip grinds and the enlacing of the legs as in the Brazilian maxixe, the early 20th-century couple dances were seen as both titillating and wicked.

  • Tango no Sekku (Japanese holiday)

    Golden Week: …Greenery Day (May 4), and Children’s Day (May 5).

  • tango nuevo (dance)

    Latin American dance: The Southern Cone: …and the new tango (tango nuevo) became a draw for young people who wanted to experiment with cross-gender leading or new combinations of steps.

  • tangoreception (biology)

    Touch reception, perception by an animal when in contact with a solid object. Two types of receptors are common: tactile hairs and subcutaneous receptors. Many animals, including some coelenterates, annelid worms, insects and many other arthropods, birds, and mammals, have hairs or hairlike

  • tangoreceptor (anatomy)

    mechanoreception: The sense of touch: …the whole body surface is tangoreceptive, except for parts covered by thick, rigid shells (as in mollusks). Mechanical contact locally deforms the body surface; receptors typically are touch spots or free nerve endings within the skin, often associated with such specialized structures as tactile hairs. The skin area served by…

  • Tangra Yum (lake, China)

    Tibet: Drainage and soils: …Lhasa: Lakes Dangre Yong (Tibetan: Tangra Yum), Nam, and Siling. South of Lhasa lie two other large lakes, Yamzho Yun (Yangzho Yong) and Puma Yung (Pumo). In western Tibet two adjoining lakes are located near the Nepal border—Lake Mapam, sacred to both Buddhists and Hindus, and Lake La’nga.

  • Tangshan (China)

    Tangshan, industrial city, eastern Hebei sheng (province), northeastern China. It is situated in the northeastern portion of the North China Plain, about 30 miles (48 km) north of the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) and 65 miles (105 km) northeast of central Tianjin metropolis. Pop. (2002 est.) city,

  • Tangshan earthquake of 1976 (China)

    Tangshan earthquake of 1976, earthquake on July 28, 1976, with a magnitude of 7.5, which nearly razed the Chinese coal-mining and industrial city of Tangshan, located about 68 miles (110 km) east of Beijing. The death toll, thought to be one of the largest in recorded history, was officially

  • Tanguay, Eva (American comedienne)

    Eva Tanguay, American singing and dancing comedienne billed as “the Girl Who Made Vaudeville Famous.” Tanguay went to the United States with her parents at an early age, obtained her first stage role at age eight, and later acted in variety, stock troupes, and musical comedy. At the turn of the

  • Tangub (Philippines)

    Tangub, chartered city, northwestern Mindanao, Philippines. Located on the northern shore of Panguil Bay (an arm of Iligan Bay), it is just north of the narrow neck of land that connects the Zamboanga Peninsula with the main part of Mindanao. The principal occupation in the city is fishing, mostly

  • Tangun (Korean mythology)

    Tangun, mythological first king of the Koreans, the grandson of Hwanin, the creator, and the son of Hwanung, who fathered his child by breathing on a beautiful young woman. Tangun reportedly became king in 2333 bc. Legends about Tangun differ in detail. According to one account, Hwanung left

  • Tangun Cult (Korean sect)

    Tajong-gyo, modern Korean millenarian sect that originated in the late 19th century. Tajong-gyo was formulated by Na Chul. It worships the Lord, the Light, or the Progenitor of the Heaven. The triune deity consists of Great Wisdom, Power, and Virtue, which are parallel to the mind, body, and

  • Tangut (province, China)

    Gansu, sheng (province), north-central and northwestern China. It is bordered by Mongolia to the north, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the northeast, the Hui Autonomous Region of Ningxia and the province of Shaanxi to the east, the provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai to the south and

  • Tangut (people)

    Tangut, people historically living in what are now the northwestern Chinese provinces of Gansu and Shaanxi and the southwestern portion of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. They engaged in irrigated agriculture and pastoralism and—taking advantage of their location at the eastern end

  • Tangut language

    Sino-Tibetan languages: Tibeto-Burman languages: Xixia (Tangut), and other languages. The Tibetan writing system (which dates from the 7th century) and the Burmese (dating from the 11th century) are derived from the Indo-Aryan (Indic) tradition. The Xixia system (developed in the 11th–13th century in northwestern China) was based on the…

  • Tanguy (work by Castillo)

    Michel del Castillo: …a short novel, Tanguy (1957; A Child of Our Time). Though written as fiction, it is the story of his experiences as a political refugee and a prisoner in concentration camps, and, like The Diary of Anne Frank, it has the poignancy of a child’s witness to harrowing historical events.

  • Tanguy, Henri (French military leader)

    Henri Rol-Tanguy, (Henri Tanguy), French World War II Resistance leader (born June 12, 1908, Morlaix, France—died Sept. 8, 2002, Monteaux?, France), commanded the Resistance forces during the Parisian uprising against German occupation; he helped liberate Paris in August 1944 and was one of those w

  • Tanguy, Yves (American artist)

    Yves Tanguy, French-born American painter who worked in a Surrealist style. After sailing with the French merchant marine, in 1922 Tanguy returned to Paris, where he worked odd jobs and began sketching in cafés. In 1923 a painting by Giorgio de Chirico that he saw in an art gallery made such a

  • Tangyur (Buddhist literature)

    Bstan-’gyur, (Tibetan: “Translation of Teachings”, ) the second great collection of Buddhist sacred writings in Tibet, comprising more than 3,600 texts filling some 225 volumes and supplementary to the canonical Bka’-’gyur (“Translation of the Buddha-Word”). This collection is made up of

  • ta?hā (Buddhism)

    Ta?hā, (Pāli), in the Buddhist chain of dependent origination, the thirst that leads to attachment. See

  • Tan?uma (Judaism)

    Talmud and Midrash: Haggadic: The Tan?uma (after the late-4th-century Palestinian amora Tan?uma bar Abba), of which two versions are extant, is another important Pentateuchal Midrash. Additional Midrashic compilations include those to the books of Samuel, Psalms, and Proverbs. Mention should also be made of Pesiqta (“Section” or “Cycles”) deRab Kahana…

  • Tani Bunchō (Japanese painter)

    Tani Bunchō, Japanese painter who founded an eclectic school influenced by Chinese, Japanese, and Western styles. The son of a poet, Tani studied first with a master of the Kanō school, stressing Chinese themes and techniques, and then with a painter of the Hoku-ga, or Northern school of Chinese

  • Tani Hisao (Japanese officer)

    Nanjing Massacre: …World War II, Matsui and Tani Hisao, a lieutenant general who had personally participated in acts of murder and rape, were found guilty of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and were executed.

  • Tani Masayasu (Japanese painter)

    Tani Bunchō, Japanese painter who founded an eclectic school influenced by Chinese, Japanese, and Western styles. The son of a poet, Tani studied first with a master of the Kanō school, stressing Chinese themes and techniques, and then with a painter of the Hoku-ga, or Northern school of Chinese

  • Tani Ryōko (Japanese athlete)

    Tani Ryōko, Japanese judoka, who became the first woman to win two Olympic titles (2000 and 2004) in judo. At age eight Tani followed her elder brother to the dojo (school for martial arts) and within months was throwing larger boys in competition. She achieved her first major victory in 1988 at

  • Tanichthys albonubes (fish)

    White cloud mountain minnow, (Tanichthys albonubes), small aquarium fish of the carp family, Cyprinidae, native to White Cloud Mountain (Baiyun Shan), Guangdong province, China. It is a slender, hardy fish, about 4 cm (1.5 inches) long. It is greenish brown with a silvery belly and red patches on

  • ta?ido de una flauta, El (work by Pitol)

    Sergio Pitol: The novel El ta?ido de una flauta (1972; “The Twang of the Flute”), set in New York and Europe, played with cinematic conventions, while El desfile del amor (1984; “The Parade of Love”) used a murder mystery as a framework to experiment with narrative perspective. His later…

  • Taniguchi Buson (Japanese artist and poet)

    Buson, Japanese painter of distinction but even more renowned as one of the great haiku poets. Buson came of a wealthy family but chose to leave it behind to pursue a career in the arts. He traveled extensively in northeastern Japan and studied haiku under several masters, among them Hayano Hajin,

  • Taniguchi Yoshio (Japanese architect)

    Yoshio Taniguchi, Japanese architect best known as the designer of the early 21st-century expansion of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City. He was the son of Taniguchi Yoshiro, a noted figure in the modern architectural movement in Japan. Taniguchi Yoshio earned an undergraduate degree

  • Taniguchi, Yoshio (Japanese architect)

    Yoshio Taniguchi, Japanese architect best known as the designer of the early 21st-century expansion of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City. He was the son of Taniguchi Yoshiro, a noted figure in the modern architectural movement in Japan. Taniguchi Yoshio earned an undergraduate degree

  • Tanimbar Islands (islands, Indonesia)

    Tanimbar Islands, group of about 30 islands in Maluku Tenggara kabupaten (regency), Maluku provinsi (“province”), eastern Indonesia. The islands lie between the Banda and Arafura seas. The largest of the group is Yamdena Island, the principal town of which is Saumlaki, a port on the southern coast.

  • Tanimbar, Kepulauan (islands, Indonesia)

    Tanimbar Islands, group of about 30 islands in Maluku Tenggara kabupaten (regency), Maluku provinsi (“province”), eastern Indonesia. The islands lie between the Banda and Arafura seas. The largest of the group is Yamdena Island, the principal town of which is Saumlaki, a port on the southern coast.

  • Tanintharyi (region, Myanmar)

    Tenasserim, narrow coastal region, southeastern Myanmar (Burma), bordered to the east by Thailand and to the west by the Andaman Sea. The Mergui Archipelago, with more than 200 islands of varying sizes, fringes the western shore. Tenasserim is dominated by the Tenasserim Range, which reaches a

  • Tanintharyi Mountains (mountains, Myanmar)

    Tenasserim: Tenasserim is dominated by the Tenasserim Range, which reaches a height of 6,801 feet (2,074 m), and is bisected by the Great Tenasserim River, which flows south to the Andaman Sea. Swamp forests are found on the east coast. The Tenasserim plains to the north are drained also by short…

  • Tanis (ancient city, Egypt)

    Tanis, ancient city in the Nile River delta, capital of the 14th nome (province) of Lower Egypt and, at one time, of the whole country. The city was important as one of the nearest ports to the Asiatic seaboard. With the decline of Egypt’s Asiatic empire in the late 20th dynasty, the capital was

  • tanistry (Celtic government)

    Tanistry, a custom among various Celtic tribes—notably in Scotland and Ireland—by which the king or chief of the clan was elected by family heads in full assembly. He held office for life and was required by custom to be of full age, in possession of all his faculties, and without any remarkable

  • Tanit (ancient deity)

    Tanit, chief goddess of Carthage, equivalent of Astarte. Although she seems to have had some connection with the heavens, she was also a mother goddess, and fertility symbols often accompany representations of her. She was probably the consort of Baal Hammon (or Amon), the chief god of Carthage,

  • Tanizaki Jun’ichirō (Japanese writer)

    Tanizaki Jun’ichirō, major modern Japanese novelist, whose writing is characterized by eroticism and ironic wit. His earliest short stories, of which “Shisei” (1910; “The Tattooer”) is an example, have affinities with Edgar Allan Poe and the French Decadents. After moving from Tokyo to the more

  • ?anjah (Morocco)

    Tangier, port and principal city of northern Morocco. It is located on a bay of the Strait of Gibraltar 17 miles (27 km) from the southern tip of Spain; Tétouan lies about 40 miles (65 km) to the southeast. Pop. (2004) 669,685. Tangier is built on the slopes of a chalky limestone hill. The old town

  • Tanjore (India)

    Thanjavur, city, eastern Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. An early capital of the Chola empire from the 9th to the 11th century, it was important during the Vijayanagar, Maratha, and British periods.

  • Tanjung Karang-Telukbetung (Indonesia)

    Bandar Lampung, kota (city), capital of Lampung propinsi (or provinsi; province), Indonesia. It lies at the head of Lampung Bay on the south coast of the island of Sumatra. Bandar Lampung was created in the 1980s from the amalgamation of the former provincial capital, Tanjungkarang, with the port

  • Tanjung Priok (harbour, Indonesia)

    Jakarta: Transportation: The port of Tanjung Priok in Jakarta is the largest in Indonesia, handling exports from West Java and a large proportion of Indonesia’s import trade; many goods are transshipped to other islands or harbours.

  • Tanjung Putri (Malaysia)

    Johor Bahru, city, southern West Malaysia. It lies at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula and is separated from Singapore Island by the Johor Strait. At this point, a short rail and road causeway (0.75 mile [1.2 km]) crosses the strait to link the mainland with Singapore. Founded by Temenggong

  • Tanjungkarang-Telukbetung (Indonesia)

    Bandar Lampung, kota (city), capital of Lampung propinsi (or provinsi; province), Indonesia. It lies at the head of Lampung Bay on the south coast of the island of Sumatra. Bandar Lampung was created in the 1980s from the amalgamation of the former provincial capital, Tanjungkarang, with the port

  • Tanjungperak (Indonesia)

    Surabaya: Surabaya’s port, Tanjungperak, lies just north of the city and next to Ujung, Indonesia’s main naval station. Of Indonesian cities, Surabaya is surpassed in size only by Jakarta and has remained the chief commercial centre of eastern Java. From its port is shipped the bulk of Java’s…

  • Tanjungpinang (Indonesia)

    Riau Islands: Tanjungpinang, on Bintan, is the provincial capital. Area 3,167 square miles (8,202 square km). Pop. (2010 prelim.) 1,679,163.

  • Tanjur (Buddhist literature)

    Bstan-’gyur, (Tibetan: “Translation of Teachings”, ) the second great collection of Buddhist sacred writings in Tibet, comprising more than 3,600 texts filling some 225 volumes and supplementary to the canonical Bka’-’gyur (“Translation of the Buddha-Word”). This collection is made up of

  • tank (military vehicle)

    Tank, any heavily armed and armoured combat vehicle that moves on two endless metal chains called tracks. Tanks are essentially weapons platforms that make the weapons mounted in them more effective by their cross-country mobility and by the protection they provide for their crews. Weapons mounted

  • Tank (electronic game)

    electronic vehicle game: Combat games: …combat vehicle games was Atari’s Tank (1974), a black-and-white arcade game for two people in which the players each used two joysticks to maneuver their tanks around an obstacle-strewn field while shooting at each other. Atari also produced two of the earliest arcade combat flight games—Pursuit (1975), a single-player simulation…

  • tank bromeliad (plant)

    Life in a Bromeliad Pool: …interesting plants of the rainforest—the tank bromeliads. Most bromeliads are epiphytes—that is, plants that live attached to other vegetation. Many live high above the forest floor, deriving energy from photosynthesis, water from rain, and nutrients mainly from falling debris and windblown dust.

  • tank car (railroad vehicle)

    freight car: …car is the cylindrically shaped tank car constructed to carry a variety of liquids, including industrial chemicals.

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