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  • typesetting machine (printing)

    Typesetting machine, basic element in modern letterpress printing. The problem of mechanizing typesetting was solved in the 19th century by devising machines that could cast type from matrices, or molds. The first to be successful was that of Ottmar Mergenthaler, German-born American inventor,

  • typewriter (writing technology)

    Typewriter, any of various machines for writing characters similar to those made by printers’ types, especially a machine in which the characters are produced by steel types striking the paper through an inked ribbon with the types being actuated by corresponding keys on a keyboard and the paper

  • Typewriter, The (story by West)

    Dorothy West: …1926 her short story “The Typewriter” won a prize in a national competition held by Opportunity, a monthly publication of the National Urban League, and shortly thereafter she moved to New York and was taken under the wing of a group of Harlem literary figures. Among her circle—where, as…

  • Typha (plant)

    Cattail, (genus Typha), genus of about 30 species of tall reedy marsh plants (family Typhaceae), found mainly in temperate and cold regions of the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The plants inhabit fresh to slightly brackish waters and are considered aquatic or semi-aquatic. Cattails are

  • Typha angustifolia (plant)

    rush: …reed mace and cattail, is Typha angustifolia, belonging to the family Typhaceae; its stems and leaves are used in North India for ropes, mats, and baskets. The horsetail genus (Equisetum) is called scouring rush, or Dutch rush, because the plants’ silica-laden stalks are used for scouring metal and other hard…

  • Typha latifolia (plant)

    cattail: …long flat leaves of the common cattail (Typha latifolia) are used especially for making mats and chair seats. The starchy rhizomes are eaten in some places.

  • Typhaon (Greek mythology)

    Typhon, in Greek mythology, youngest son of Gaea (Earth) and Tartarus (of the nether world). He was described as a grisly monster with a hundred dragons’ heads who was conquered and cast into the underworld by Zeus. In other accounts, he was confined in the land of the Arimi in Cilicia or under

  • Typhleotris madagascariensis (fish)

    cave fish: The gobies in the genus Typhleotris inhabit karst caves in Madagascar. Others include Caecobarbus geertsi, an African member of the minnow family (Cyprinidae), and certain catfish belonging to several families and found in the United States, Mexico, South America, and Africa.

  • Typhlichthys (fish)

    cave fish: …of the genera Amblyopsis and Typhlichthys, family Amblyopsidae. Cave fishes are small, growing to about 10 cm (4 inches) long, and are found in fresh water in dark limestone caves of the United States. There are three species: Typhlichthys subterraneus, Amblyopsis rosae, and A. spelaea. The first two lack pelvic…

  • Typhlichthys subterraneus (fish species)

    cave fish: There are three species: Typhlichthys subterraneus, Amblyopsis rosae, and A. spelaea. The first two lack pelvic fins; the third, the blind fish of Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, possesses these fins. All have small but nonfunctional eyes and tactile organs that are sensitive to touch; these are arranged over the body,…

  • Typhlocyba rosae (insect)

    leafhopper: The rose leafhopper (Edwardsiana rosae) is a serious rose and apple pest. It is creamy white to light yellow in colour and is about 3 mm long. It overwinters in the egg stage and produces two generations per year. It does not cause hopperburn.

  • Typhlogobius californiensis (fish)

    perciform: Interspecific relationships: The blind goby, Typhlogobius californiensis, depends entirely upon holes dug by the ghost shrimp (Callianassa) for a home and is unable to live without its help. Other gobies are known to share holes with burrowing worms, pea crabs, and snapping shrimps.

  • Typhlomys (rodent)

    Asian tree mouse: …Asian tree mice are called blind tree mice (genus Typhlomys): the Chinese blind tree mouse (T. cinereus) and the Chapa blind tree mouse (T. chapensis). They are probably nocturnal and arboreal, inhabiting mountain forests of southern China and northern Vietnam, respectively. Aside from their physical traits, little is known of…

  • Typhlomys chapensis (rodent)

    Asian tree mouse: cinereus) and the Chapa blind tree mouse (T. chapensis). They are probably nocturnal and arboreal, inhabiting mountain forests of southern China and northern Vietnam, respectively. Aside from their physical traits, little is known of these rodents. They resemble the Malabar mouse in body form, but their fur is…

  • Typhlomys cinereus (rodent)

    Asian tree mouse: …tree mice (genus Typhlomys): the Chinese blind tree mouse (T. cinereus) and the Chapa blind tree mouse (T. chapensis). They are probably nocturnal and arboreal, inhabiting mountain forests of southern China and northern Vietnam, respectively. Aside from their physical traits, little is known of these rodents. They resemble the Malabar…

  • Typhlonectidae (amphibian family)

    Gymnophiona: Annotated classification: Family Typhlonectidae Cretaceous (145.5–65.5 million years ago) to present; tail absent; mouth recessed; premaxillae fused with nasals; prefrontals absent; squamosal articulating with frontal; young possess gills; no larval stage; adults aquatic; 5 genera, 13 species; adult size 50–72 cm (20–28 inches); South America. The…

  • typhlopid (reptile)

    blind snake: The typhlopids (true blind snakes) are even more diverse, with over 200 species in six genera. They occur naturally throughout the tropics; however, one species, the flowerpot snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus), now occurs on many oceanic islands and all continents except Antarctica. It gained its worldwide distribution through…

  • Typhlopidae (reptile)

    blind snake: The typhlopids (true blind snakes) are even more diverse, with over 200 species in six genera. They occur naturally throughout the tropics; however, one species, the flowerpot snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus), now occurs on many oceanic islands and all continents except Antarctica. It gained its worldwide distribution through…

  • Typhlopoidea (reptile)

    Blind snake, (superfamily Typhlopoidea), any of several nonvenomous snakes characterized by degenerate eyes that lie beneath opaque head scales. Blind snakes belong to the families Anomalepidae, Leptotyphlopidae, and Typhlopidae in superfamily Typhlopoidea. Since these three families are the only

  • Typhoeus (Greek mythology)

    Typhon, in Greek mythology, youngest son of Gaea (Earth) and Tartarus (of the nether world). He was described as a grisly monster with a hundred dragons’ heads who was conquered and cast into the underworld by Zeus. In other accounts, he was confined in the land of the Arimi in Cilicia or under

  • typhoid (disease)

    Typhoid fever, acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi. The bacterium usually enters the body through the mouth by the ingestion of contaminated food or water, penetrates the intestinal wall, and multiplies in lymphoid tissue; it then enters the

  • typhoid fever (disease)

    Typhoid fever, acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi. The bacterium usually enters the body through the mouth by the ingestion of contaminated food or water, penetrates the intestinal wall, and multiplies in lymphoid tissue; it then enters the

  • Typhoid Mary (historical figure)

    Typhoid Mary, famous typhoid carrier who allegedly gave rise to multiple outbreaks of typhoid fever. Mary immigrated to the United States in 1883 and subsequently made her living as a domestic servant, most often as a cook. It is not clear when she became a carrier of the typhoid bacterium

  • Typhon (Greek mythology)

    Typhon, in Greek mythology, youngest son of Gaea (Earth) and Tartarus (of the nether world). He was described as a grisly monster with a hundred dragons’ heads who was conquered and cast into the underworld by Zeus. In other accounts, he was confined in the land of the Arimi in Cilicia or under

  • Typhoon (British aircraft)

    Typhoon, British fighter and ground-attack aircraft used in the latter half of World War II. Conceived as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane, the Typhoon was a low-wing monoplane designed to a January 1938 specification. Powered by a liquid-cooled, 24-cylinder, 2,200-horsepower Napier Sabre

  • Typhoon (work by Conrad)

    Joseph Conrad: Life at sea: …the steamer Nan Shan in Typhoon. He then joined the Vidar, a locally owned steamship trading among the islands of the southeast Asian archipelago. During the five or six voyages he made in four and a half months, Conrad was discovering and exploring the world he was to re-create in…

  • typhoon (meteorology)

    Typhoon, local name in the western North Pacific region for a large tropical

  • Typhoon (Soviet submarine class)

    submarine: Strategic submarines: …Union began to deploy its Typhoon class; at an estimated surface of 25,000 tons and a length of 170 metres (560 feet), these were the largest submarines ever built. They have continued in the service of the Russian navy since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, carrying 20…

  • Typhoon Haiyan (storm, northern Pacific Ocean [2013])

    Super Typhoon Haiyan, massive and highly destructive storm in the North Pacific Ocean that affected Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, and China during early November 2013. The tropical cyclone produced high winds, coastal storm surges, heavy rains, and flooding in the land areas over which it

  • Typhoon Marie (storm)

    Toya Maru ferry disaster: The typhoon (known as “No. 15” in Japan and named “Marie” in the West) had been moving northeastward through the Sea of Japan (East Sea; along Japan’s western coast) at speeds exceeding 40 miles (65 km) per hour and struck northern Honshu and southern Hokkaido (which are separated by…

  • Typhoon Nina–Banqiao dam failure (Chinese history [1975])

    Typhoon Nina–Banqiao dam failure, catastrophic dam failure in August 1975 in western Henan province, China, caused by a typhoon (tropical cyclone). The ensuing floods caused more than 150,000 casualties, making it one of the deadliest typhoon disasters in history. The Banqiao Dam had been built on

  • Typhoon No. 15 (storm)

    Toya Maru ferry disaster: The typhoon (known as “No. 15” in Japan and named “Marie” in the West) had been moving northeastward through the Sea of Japan (East Sea; along Japan’s western coast) at speeds exceeding 40 miles (65 km) per hour and struck northern Honshu and southern Hokkaido (which are separated by…

  • Typhoon Yolanda (storm, northern Pacific Ocean [2013])

    Super Typhoon Haiyan, massive and highly destructive storm in the North Pacific Ocean that affected Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, and China during early November 2013. The tropical cyclone produced high winds, coastal storm surges, heavy rains, and flooding in the land areas over which it

  • typhula blight (plant pathology)

    snow mold: Gray snow mold, or typhula blight, is caused by Typhula incarnata, T. ishikariensis and T. idahoensis. It produces roughly circular bleached-tan areas up to about 60 cm in diameter. When moist, these patches are covered with a fluffy bluish gray to almost black mycelium. Minute…

  • Typhula idahoensis (fungus)

    snow mold: ishikariensis and T. idahoensis. It produces roughly circular bleached-tan areas up to about 60 cm in diameter. When moist, these patches are covered with a fluffy bluish gray to almost black mycelium. Minute round brown dots (sclerotia) form on diseased plant parts.

  • Typhula incarnata (fungus)

    snow mold: …typhula blight, is caused by Typhula incarnata, T. ishikariensis and T. idahoensis. It produces roughly circular bleached-tan areas up to about 60 cm in diameter. When moist, these patches are covered with a fluffy bluish gray to almost black mycelium. Minute round brown dots (sclerotia) form on diseased plant parts.

  • Typhula ishikariensis (fungus)

    snow mold: …is caused by Typhula incarnata, T. ishikariensis and T. idahoensis. It produces roughly circular bleached-tan areas up to about 60 cm in diameter. When moist, these patches are covered with a fluffy bluish gray to almost black mycelium. Minute round brown dots (sclerotia) form on diseased plant parts.

  • typhus (disease)

    Typhus, series of acute infectious diseases that appear with a sudden onset of headache, chills, fever, and general pains, proceed on the third to fifth day with a rash and toxemia (toxic substances in the blood), and terminate after two to three weeks. Typhus (actually not one illness but a group

  • typical badger (mammal)

    badger: The European badger (Meles meles) is omnivorous, consuming earthworms, insects, small mammals, birds and their eggs, and also fruits and nuts. It is grayish, with large black-and-white facial stripes. It is 30 cm tall and 56–81 cm long, excluding the 12–20-cm tail, and weighs 8–10 kg…

  • typical flycatcher (bird)

    tyrant flycatcher: Like the Old World flycatchers of the family Muscicapidae, the fly-catching tyrannids dart from a perch to seize insects on the wing. The bills of such forms of flycatcher are broad, flattened, and slightly hooked, with bristles at the base that appear to serve as aids in…

  • typical heron (bird)

    heron: Herons are subdivided into typical herons, night herons, and tiger herons. Typical herons feed during the day. In breeding season some develop showy plumes on the back and participate in elaborate mutual-courtship posturing. Best known of the typical herons are the very large, long-legged and long-necked, plain-hued, crested members…

  • Typicon (monastic rule)

    Saint Athanasius the Athonite: There, he introduced a Typicon, or rule, for cenobites (monks in community life) based on similar codes by the 4th-century monastic founder Basil of Caesarea and the 9th-century reformer Theodore Studites.

  • Typographic Man, R.I.P.

    Said Charles V, But in which language does one speak to a machine, and what can be expected by way of a response? And if our languages these days are for the most part being made by and for machines, how and where do we find the words with which to conceive a politics or a future fit for human

  • typographic printing

    Letterpress printing, in commercial printing, process by which many copies of an image are produced by repeated direct impression of an inked, raised surface against sheets or a continuous roll of paper. Letterpress is the oldest of the traditional printing techniques and remained the only

  • typography

    Typography, the design, or selection, of letter forms to be organized into words and sentences to be disposed in blocks of type as printing upon a page. Typography and the typographer who practices it may also be concerned with other, related matters—the selection of paper, the choice of ink, the

  • typological interpretation (biblical criticism)

    biblical literature: Allegorical interpretation: …a species of it, is typological interpretation, in which certain persons, objects, or events in the Old Testament are seen to set forth at a deeper level persons, objects, or events in the New. In such interpretations, Noah’s Ark (Genesis 6:14–22) is interpreted to typify the church, outside which there…

  • typology

    Typology, system of groupings (such as “landed gentry” or “rain forests”), usually called types, the members of which are identified by postulating specified attributes that are mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive—groupings set up to aid demonstration or inquiry by establishing a limited

  • typophone (musical instrument)

    celesta: The typophone, a similar, softer-toned instrument with graduated steel tuning forks instead of bars, is sometimes mistakenly called a celesta. It was invented by Mustel’s father, Victor, in 1865 and patented, with improvements, in 1868.

  • Typos (printing)

    typography: Typography as a useful art: …produced a third typeface called Typos.

  • Typos (Byzantine edict)

    St. Martin I: … that condemned monothelitism and the Typos, an order by the Byzantine emperor Constans II Pogonatus that forbade discussion of Christ’s wills. Constans, who had not approved Martin’s election, ordered the pope’s arrest in 653. Martin was taken to Constantinople in September 654, where he was publicly humiliated and tortured. In…

  • Tyr (Germanic deity)

    Tyr, one of the oldest gods of the Germanic peoples and a somewhat enigmatic figure. He was apparently the god concerned with the formalities of war—especially treaties—and also, appropriately, of justice. It is in his character as guarantor of contracts, guardian of oaths, that the most famous

  • Tyr (Germanic deity)

    Tyr, one of the oldest gods of the Germanic peoples and a somewhat enigmatic figure. He was apparently the god concerned with the formalities of war—especially treaties—and also, appropriately, of justice. It is in his character as guarantor of contracts, guardian of oaths, that the most famous

  • Tyr (town and historical site, Lebanon)

    Tyre, town on the Mediterranean coast of southern Lebanon, located 12 miles (19 km) north of the modern border with Israel and 25 miles (40 km) south of Sidon (modern ?aydā). It was a major Phoenician seaport from about 2000 bce through the Roman period. Tyre, built on an island and on the

  • Tyra Banks Show, The (television show)

    Tyra Banks: Television shows: …her own daily talk show, The Tyra Banks Show, in 2005. It focused on fashion, lifestyle, makeovers, and topical issues and featured Banks at the centre of a reality-show-like twist: in taped confessional segments she divulged her own struggles with a variety of issues, including low self-esteem and her inability…

  • tyramine (biochemistry)

    therapeutics: Antidepressant drugs: This is especially true of tyramine, which can cause hypertension and severe headache. Tyramine is found in many foods, which forces patients who take it to adhere to a specific diet.

  • Tyranni (passeriform suborder)

    passeriform: Annotated classification: Suborder Tyranni Syrinx usually more complex; muscles variable; pessulus present or absent. Sternum with short spina sternalis, forked (exceptions noted below); posterior border with 1 or 2 pairs of notches. Hallux strong. Clavicles well developed. Family Xenicidae (New Zealand wrens) Small birds, 7.5 to 10

  • tyrannicide

    Tyrannicide, in ancient Greece and Rome, the killer or would-be killer of a tyrant. The term may also refer to the act of killing a tyrant. Tyrannicides were often celebrated in antiquity, and some Classical states even legislated to exempt from prosecution those who killed a tyrant or would-be

  • Tyrannidae (bird)

    Tyrant flycatcher, any of about 400 species of aggressive insect-eating New World birds of the family Tyrannidae (order Passeriformes). About one-third of the species are not flycatcher-like in habit and bear names derived from their habitats (e.g., bush tyrant, marsh tyrant) or from their

  • Tyrannion (Greek scholar)

    Strabo: …44 bce to study with Tyrannion, the former tutor of Cicero, and with Xenarchus, both of whom were members of the Aristotelian school of philosophy. Under the influence of Athenodorus, former tutor of Octavius, who probably introduced him into the future emperor’s circle, he turned toward Stoical philosophy, the

  • Tyrannobdella rex (animal)

    leech: Tyrannobdella rex, a member of the family Praobdellidae and native to remote parts of the upper Amazon River in Peru, appears to prefer the mucous membranes found in the nasal cavity of mammals. This leech seeks out its victims as they bathe, making an attachment…

  • tyrannos (ancient Greece)

    Tyrant, a cruel and oppressive ruler or, in ancient Greece, a ruler who seized power unconstitutionally or inherited such power. In the 10th and 9th centuries bce, monarchy was the usual form of government in the Greek states. The aristocratic regimes that replaced monarchy were by the 7th century

  • tyrannosaur (dinosaur group)

    Tyrannosaur, any of a group of predatory dinosaurs that lived from the late Jurassic Period (about 150 million years ago) to the latest Cretaceous Period (about 65 million years ago), at which time they reached their greatest dominance. Most tyrannosaurs were large predators, with very large, high

  • Tyrannosauridae (dinosaur group)

    Tyrannosaur, any of a group of predatory dinosaurs that lived from the late Jurassic Period (about 150 million years ago) to the latest Cretaceous Period (about 65 million years ago), at which time they reached their greatest dominance. Most tyrannosaurs were large predators, with very large, high

  • Tyrannosaurus (dinosaur genus)

    dinosaur: Theropoda: …Microraptor, up to the great Tyrannosaurus and Giganotosaurus, which were 15 or more metres (50 feet) long, more than 5 metres (16 to 18 feet) tall, and weighed 6 tons or more. Theropods have been recovered from deposits of the Late Triassic through the latest Cretaceous and from all continents.

  • Tyrannosaurus (dinosaur genus)

    dinosaur: Theropoda: …Microraptor, up to the great Tyrannosaurus and Giganotosaurus, which were 15 or more metres (50 feet) long, more than 5 metres (16 to 18 feet) tall, and weighed 6 tons or more. Theropods have been recovered from deposits of the Late Triassic through the latest Cretaceous and from all continents.

  • Tyrannosaurus rex (dinosaur)

    Field Museum: …include Sue, the most complete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton in the world; Inside Ancient Egypt, which includes mummies and artifacts; Underground Adventure, a walk-through display on soil and underground life; and the Grainger Hall of Gems. The museum also engages in research and education programs.

  • Tyrannosaurus Rex Versus the Corduroy Kid (poetry by Armitage)

    Simon Armitage: …Universal Home Doctor (both 2002), Tyrannosaurus Rex Versus the Corduroy Kid (2006), Seeing Stars (2010), and The Unaccompanied (2017). Killing Time (1999) was written to mark the turn of the millennium. Out of the Blue (2008) consists of three commissioned pieces marking anniversaries of the 9/11 attacks, V-E Day, and…

  • tyrannulet (bird)

    Tyrannulet, any of about 50 species of birds in the tyrant flycatcher family, Tyrannidae (order Passeriformes). They are distinguished from other tyrant flycatchers by their small size and diminutive bill. The name tyrannulet is given to members of about 20 genera within the family. Fairly typical

  • Tyrannus (bird)

    Kingbird, (genus Tyrannus), any of 13 species of birds of the family Tyrannidae noted for their pugnacity. Although only about 20 cm (8 inches) long, a kingbird will chase birds as large as a crow or a hawk; it will even ride on the larger bird’s back and peck at its head. Kingbirds are gray above

  • Tyrannus tyrannus (bird)

    kingbird: The eastern kingbird (T. tyrannus) ranges from the east coast of the United States to eastern Washington and Oregon in the United States and British Columbia and the Northwest Territories in Canada; it is dark slate gray above and white below, with a white tail tip.…

  • Tyrannus verticalis (bird)

    kingbird: The western kingbird (T. verticalis), found westward from the Great Plains, is light gray above and yellow below, with whitish edges on the outermost tail feathers. Both species have a red spot (usually concealed) on the crown.

  • tyranny (politics)

    Tyranny, in the Greco-Roman world, an autocratic form of rule in which one individual exercised power without any legal restraint. In antiquity the word tyrant was not necessarily pejorative and signified the holder of absolute political power. In its modern usage the word tyranny is usually

  • Tyranowski, Jan (Polish tailor and minister)

    St. John Paul II: Early life and influences: Through Jan Tyranowski, a tailor who conducted a youth ministry for the local church, Wojty?a was introduced to the teachings of St. John of the Cross, a Carmelite mystic who held that redemption could be gained through suffering and a “spirituality of abandonment.” Tyranowski’s example helped…

  • tyrant (ancient Greece)

    Tyrant, a cruel and oppressive ruler or, in ancient Greece, a ruler who seized power unconstitutionally or inherited such power. In the 10th and 9th centuries bce, monarchy was the usual form of government in the Greek states. The aristocratic regimes that replaced monarchy were by the 7th century

  • tyrant flycatcher (bird)

    Tyrant flycatcher, any of about 400 species of aggressive insect-eating New World birds of the family Tyrannidae (order Passeriformes). About one-third of the species are not flycatcher-like in habit and bear names derived from their habitats (e.g., bush tyrant, marsh tyrant) or from their

  • Tyrant’s Tomb, The (work by Riordan)

    Rick Riordan: …The Burning Maze (2018), and The Tyrant’s Tomb (2019).

  • Tyrants of Sicily (work by Phanias)

    Phanias: In his Tyrants of Sicily he seems to have dealt with Western history against a pan-Hellenic background.

  • Tyras (ancient Greek colony, Ukraine)

    Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyy: …Miletus established the colony of Tyras on the site. It later came under the Scythians, and it was settled by Slavs in early Kievan times (9th century). After the fall of Kiev to the Tatars, Bilhorod became a republican city-state under Moldavian princes, and the Genoese established their trading station…

  • Tyrconnell (county, Ireland)

    Donegal, most northerly county of Ireland, in the historic province of Ulster. The small village of Lifford in eastern Donegal is the county seat. Donegal is bounded on the west and north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by Lough (lake) Foyle and Northern Ireland, and on the south by Northern

  • Tyrconnell, Richard Talbot, earl of (Irish Jacobite)

    Richard Talbot, earl of Tyrconnell, Irish Jacobite, a leader in the war (1689–91) waged by Irish Roman Catholics against the Protestant king William III of England. The son of Sir William Talbot, a Roman Catholic lawyer and politician, Richard fought with the royalist forces in Ireland during the

  • Tyrconnell, Richard Talbot, earl of, Viscount Baltinglass, baron of Talbotstown (Irish Jacobite)

    Richard Talbot, earl of Tyrconnell, Irish Jacobite, a leader in the war (1689–91) waged by Irish Roman Catholics against the Protestant king William III of England. The son of Sir William Talbot, a Roman Catholic lawyer and politician, Richard fought with the royalist forces in Ireland during the

  • Tyrconnell, Rory O’Donnell, 1st Earl of (Irish chieftain)

    Rory O’Donnell, 1st earl of Tyrconnell, Irish chieftain who rebelled against the English and died in exile. The second son of Sir Aodh O’Donnell, lord of Tyrconnell, he allied with his elder brother Hugh Roe O’Donnell, who transferred his authority as chief to Rory upon leaving for Spain. In 1602

  • Tyrconnell, Rory O’Donnell, 1st earl of, baron of Donegall (Irish chieftain)

    Rory O’Donnell, 1st earl of Tyrconnell, Irish chieftain who rebelled against the English and died in exile. The second son of Sir Aodh O’Donnell, lord of Tyrconnell, he allied with his elder brother Hugh Roe O’Donnell, who transferred his authority as chief to Rory upon leaving for Spain. In 1602

  • Tyre (town and historical site, Lebanon)

    Tyre, town on the Mediterranean coast of southern Lebanon, located 12 miles (19 km) north of the modern border with Israel and 25 miles (40 km) south of Sidon (modern ?aydā). It was a major Phoenician seaport from about 2000 bce through the Roman period. Tyre, built on an island and on the

  • tyre

    Tire, a continuous band that encircles the rim of a wheel and forms a tread that rolls on either a road, a prepared track, or the ground. There are two main types of tires, those made of metal and those made of rubber. Railroad cars, which run on smooth steel rails, use iron or steel tires for low

  • Tyri, Lake (lake, Norway)

    Lake Tyri, lake, southeastern Norway, in the Ringerike region. Irregular in shape, it ranges up to 20 miles (32 km) in length and 10 miles in width, attains a maximum depth of 922 feet (281 metres), and has an area of 52 square miles (134 square km). The Begna (river) flows southward into the lake,

  • Tyrian Baal (Phoenician deity)

    Melqart, Phoenician god, chief deity of Tyre and of two of its colonies, Carthage and Gadir (Cádiz, Spain). He was also called the Tyrian Baal. Under the name Malku he was equated with the Babylonian Nergal, god of the underworld and death, and thus may have been related to the god Mot of Ras

  • Tyrian purple (chemical compound)

    Tyrian purple, naturally occurring dye highly valued in antiquity. It is closely related to indigo

  • Tyrifjorden (lake, Norway)

    Lake Tyri, lake, southeastern Norway, in the Ringerike region. Irregular in shape, it ranges up to 20 miles (32 km) in length and 10 miles in width, attains a maximum depth of 922 feet (281 metres), and has an area of 52 square miles (134 square km). The Begna (river) flows southward into the lake,

  • Tyrnau (Slovakia)

    Trnava, town, southwestern Slovakia, on the Trnava River and the main Bratislava-?ilina railway. Founded in the 7th century, Trnava received civic privileges in 1238. Its position north of the limit of Ottoman conquest in the 16th century was important to both Hungarian and Slovak cultural

  • Tyrnau, Peace of (1615, Austria)

    Austria: Rudolf II and Matthias: In the Peace of Tyrnau (1615) the emperor had to recognize Bethlen as prince of Transylvania, and, in the same year, he extended the truce with the Turks for another 25 years. In the meantime, war had broken out with Venice (1615–17) because of the pirating activities…

  • tyrocidin (drug)

    antibiotic: The first antibiotics: …early discoveries were gramicidin and tyrocidin, which are produced by bacteria of the genus Bacillus. Discovered in 1939 by French-born American microbiologist René Dubos, they were valuable in treating superficial infections but were too toxic for internal use.

  • Tyrol (state, Austria)

    Tirol, Bundesland (federal state), western Austria, consisting of North Tirol (Nordtirol) and East Tirol (Osttirol). It is bounded by Germany on the north, by Bundesl?nder Salzburg and K?rnten (Carinthia) on the east, by Vorarlberg on the west, and by Italy on the south. Tirol (area 4,883 square

  • Tyrol (work by Marc)

    Franz Marc: …animal life; an example is Tyrol (1914), a work that approaches abstraction. Marc joined the German army in 1914; he was killed in combat two years later.

  • Tyrolean Shepherd and Swiss Milkmaid, The (circus routine by Ducrow)

    circus: Equestrian acts: In “The Tyrolean Shepherd and Swiss Milkmaid,” for example, he was joined by his wife, Louisa Woolford; while standing on the backs of their circling horses, the two performed the pursuit and wooing of a “fair peasant,” complete with a lovers’ quarrel and reconciliation scene, followed…

  • Tyrone (former county, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)

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