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  • Tana, Lake (lake, Ethiopia)

    Lake Tana, largest lake of Ethiopia, in a depression of the northwest plateau, 6,000 feet (1,800 metres) above sea level. It forms the main reservoir for the Blue Nile (Abbay) River, which drains its southern extremity near Bahir Dar. The lake’s surface covers 1,418 square miles (3,673 square km),

  • Tana-Anarj?kka (river, Norway)

    Norway: Drainage: …is the 224-mile- (360-km-) long Tana-Anarj?kka, which runs northeast along part of the border with Finland. Norway has about 65,000 lakes with surface areas of at least 4 acres (1.5 hectares). By far the largest is Mj?sa, which is 50 miles (80 km) north of Oslo on the L?gen River…

  • Tanabata Matsuri (Japanese festival)

    Sendai: …the city by the annual Tanabata Matsuri (Star Festival; August 6–8) and to nearby Matsushima Bay, portions of which are renowned for their scenery.

  • Tanabe Hajime (Japanese philosopher)

    Tanabe Hajime, Japanese philosopher of science who attempted to synthesize Buddhism, Christianity, Marxism, and scientific thought. He taught the philosophy of science at Tōhoku Imperial University in Sendai from 1913 and later at Kyōto Imperial University, where he succeeded the foremost modern

  • Tanacetum balsamita (herb)

    Costmary, (Tanacetum balsamita), aromatic perennial herb of the aster family (Asteraceae) with yellow button-shaped flowers. Its bitter, slightly lemony leaves may be used fresh in salads and fresh or dried as a flavouring, particularly for meats, poultry, and English ale. The dried leaves are also

  • Tanacetum cinerariaefolium (plant)

    pyrethrum: Species: Dalmation pellitory, or pyrethrum daisy (Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium), is daisylike in appearance, with white ray flowers surrounding a yellow centre. The blue-gray leaves are deeply divided. The plant is native to the Balkans and is important commercially as a source of pyrethrin.

  • Tanacetum cinerariaefolium (plant)

    pyrethrum: Species: Dalmation pellitory, or pyrethrum daisy (Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium), is daisylike in appearance, with white ray flowers surrounding a yellow centre. The blue-gray leaves are deeply divided. The plant is native to the Balkans and is important commercially as a source of pyrethrin.

  • Tanacetum coccineum (plant, Tanacetum species)

    pyrethrum: Species: …the florists’ pyrethrum, commonly called painted lady. Large deep rose-coloured ray flowers surrounding the yellow centre, or disk, are borne on long simple stems above the crown of finely cut leaves. Modern varieties exhibit various colours—white, lilac, and shades of red.

  • Tanacetum parthenium (plant)

    tansy: Tansies, especially feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) and costmary (T. balsamita), are sometimes cultivated in herb gardens and are used in traditional medicines in some places. Florists’ pyrethrum (T. coccineum, sometimes Chrysanthemum coccineum) is the source of the organic insecticide pyrethrin.

  • Tanacetum vulgare (plant)

    tansy: Common tansy, or garden tansy (T. vulgare), is sometimes known as golden-buttons and is an invasive species in many places outside its native range.

  • Tanacharison (Native American leader)
  • tanager (bird)

    Tanager, any of numerous songbirds of the family Thraupidae inhabiting chiefly tropical New World forests and gardens. In some classifications, Thraupidae contains over 400 species, whereas others assign fewer than 300 species to the group. All tanagers are confined to the Americas. Most tanagers

  • Tanágra (Greece)

    Tanagra, city of ancient Boeotia (Modern Greek: Voiotía), Greece. It is situated in northern Attica (Attikí) on the left bank of the Asopós River near Thebes (Thíva) and Chalkída (also called Chalcis). The nearly circular hill of the ancient ruined city, just southeast of the present village, was

  • Tanagra (Greece)

    Tanagra, city of ancient Boeotia (Modern Greek: Voiotía), Greece. It is situated in northern Attica (Attikí) on the left bank of the Asopós River near Thebes (Thíva) and Chalkída (also called Chalcis). The nearly circular hill of the ancient ruined city, just southeast of the present village, was

  • Tanagra figurine

    Tanagra figurine, any of the small terra-cotta figures dating primarily from the 3rd century bc, and named after the site in Boeotia, in east-central Greece, where they were found. Well-dressed young women in various positions, usually standing or sitting, are the main subject matter of the

  • tanaid (crustacean)

    Tanaid, any of more than 550 species of small, bottom-dwelling marine and brackish-water crustaceans constituting the order Tanaidacea (superorder Peracarida, phylum Arthropoda). Tanaids have a worldwide distribution; they are especially numerous in shallow marine habitats but also occur at

  • Tanaidacea (crustacean)

    Tanaid, any of more than 550 species of small, bottom-dwelling marine and brackish-water crustaceans constituting the order Tanaidacea (superorder Peracarida, phylum Arthropoda). Tanaids have a worldwide distribution; they are especially numerous in shallow marine habitats but also occur at

  • tanaim (Judaic scholar)

    Tanna, any of several hundred Jewish scholars who, over a period of some 200 years, compiled oral traditions related to religious law. Most tannaim lived and worked in Palestine. Their work was given final form early in the 3rd century ad by Judah ha-Nasi, whose codification of oral laws became

  • Tanaina (people)

    Tanaina, a North American Indian people, the only northern Athabaskan-speaking group occupying extensive portions of the seacoast. They lived chiefly in the drainage areas of Cook Inlet and Clark Lake in what is now southern Alaska. Tanaina, meaning “the people,” was their own name for themselves;

  • Tanaka Atsuko (Japanese artist)

    Atsuko Tanaka, Japanese artist (born Feb. 10, 1932, Osaka, Japan—died Dec. 3, 2005, near Nara, Japan), was a leading avante-garde artist, best known for her experimental works of the 1950s and ’60s. Tanaka was an early member of Gutai, a radical group of Osaka-based artists founded in 1954. Many o

  • Tanaka Chōjirō (Japanese potter)

    pottery: Azuchi-Momoyama period (1573–1600): His son Tanaka Chōjirō and his family extended this technique to the teabowl, and in about 1588 their wares were brought to the notice of Hideyoshi, who awarded them a gold seal engraved with the word raku (“felicity”). The raku made in Kyōto are among the most…

  • Tanaka Fujimaro (Japanese official)

    education: The conservative reaction: The deputy secretary of education, Tanaka Fujimaro, just returning from an inspection tour in the United States, insisted that the government transfer its authority over education to the local governments, as in the United States, to reflect local needs in schooling. Thus, in 1879 the government nullified the Gakusei and…

  • Tanaka Giichi, Baron (prime minister of Japan)

    Baron Tanaka Giichi, prime minister (1927–29) and author of Japan’s aggressive policy toward China in the 1920s. Tanaka distinguished himself in the Russo-Japanese War and as a member of the Japanese army stationed in Manchuria in the early 1900s. Appointed minister of war in 1918, he was one of

  • Tanaka Kakuei (prime minister of Japan)

    Tanaka Kakuei, politician who was prime minister of Japan from 1972 to 1974 and who subsequently became the central figure in a major political scandal. Tanaka was the only son of a bankrupt cattle dealer. He dropped out of school at the age of 15 and soon opened his own construction firm, the

  • Tanaka Kiichi (Japanese philosopher)

    Tanaka ōdō, Japanese philosopher and critic who promoted within Japan the Western philosophy of pragmatism. After learning English, Tanaka went to the United States in 1889 and studied first at the College of the Bible, a theological seminary in Kentucky, and later at the University of Chicago. H

  • Tanaka Koichi (Japanese scientist)

    Tanaka Koichi, Japanese scientist who, with John B. Fenn and Kurt Wüthrich, won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2002 for developing techniques to identify and analyze proteins and other large biological molecules. Tanaka received an engineering degree from Tohoku University in 1983. Later that

  • Tanaka Makiko (Japanese politician)

    Tanaka Makiko, Japanese politician who was the first woman to serve as Japan’s foreign minister (2001–02). Tanaka attended high school in the United States before graduating from the School of Commerce at Waseda University in 1968. The daughter of Tanaka Kakuei, she frequently served as an

  • Tanaka ōdō (Japanese philosopher)

    Tanaka ōdō, Japanese philosopher and critic who promoted within Japan the Western philosophy of pragmatism. After learning English, Tanaka went to the United States in 1889 and studied first at the College of the Bible, a theological seminary in Kentucky, and later at the University of Chicago. H

  • Tanaka Tomoyuki (Japanese film producer)

    Tanaka Tomoyuki, Japanese film producer. Tanaka was associated for nearly 60 years with Japan’s Toho Studios, for which he produced more than 200 films. Of these, his best known are the 22 films in the Godzilla series, beginning with Godzilla, King of the Monsters in 1954 and ending with Godzilla

  • Tanaka, Toyoichi (American scientist)

    Toyoichi Tanaka, Japanese-born American biophysicist (born Jan. 4, 1946, Nagaoka, Japan—died May 20, 2000, Wellesley, Mass.), conducted experiments in 1978 with mixtures of polymers and fluids while serving on the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and created “smart gels,” so c

  • Tanakh (Jewish sacred writings)

    Tanakh, an acronym derived from the names of the three divisions of the Hebrew Bible: Torah (Instruction, or Law, also called the Pentateuch), Nevi?im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings). The Torah contains five books: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The Nevi?im comprise eight

  • Tanala (people)

    Tanala, a Malagasy people living in southeastern Madagascar who are separated from the coast by the Antaimoro and other ethnic groups. They are divided into two subgroups: the Tanala Menabe in the mountainous north and the Tanala Ikongo dwelling in the more accessible southern part of the Tanala

  • tanam (South Asian music)

    South Asian arts: South India: …followed by another improvised section, tanam, in which the singer uses meaningless words to produce more or less regular rhythms, but still without reference to time measure. This section, too, is without drum accompaniment. The final section, pallavi, is a composition of words and melody set in a particular tala,…

  • Tanana (people)

    Tanana, Athabaskan-speaking North American Indian group that lived along the headwaters of the Tanana River in what is now central Alaska. Traditionally, they were nomadic hunters, relying chiefly on caribou, moose, and mountain sheep for food and clothing. They lived in skin-covered domed lodges

  • Tanana River (river, Alaska, United States)

    Tanana River, river, east-central Alaska, U.S. Its name is an Athabascan word meaning “river trail.” An important tributary of the Yukon River, it rises from two headstreams, the Chisana and Nabesna rivers on the north side of the Alaska Range, and it flows some 570 miles (915 km) from the head of

  • Tananarive (national capital, Madagascar)

    Antananarivo, town and national capital of Madagascar, central Madagascar island. It was founded in the 17th century and was the capital of the Hova chiefs. Antananarivo stands on a high hill. Avenues and flights of steps lead up to a rocky ridge (4,694 feet [1,431 metres]) on which stands the

  • Tanaquil (Etruscan prophet)

    Tanaquil, legendary Etruscan prophet, the wife of Tarquinius Priscus, traditionally the fifth king of Rome. According to legend she married the low-born Lucumo (as Tarquinius was originally called) in the Etruscan city of Tarquinii; through her prophetic powers she saw that their fortunes and

  • tanbark oak (plant)

    Tanbark oak, (Lithocarpus densiflorus), oaklike ornamental evergreen tree with tannin-rich bark. It is a member of the beech family (Fagaceae) and is native to coastal areas of southern Oregon and northern California. The tanbark oak is usually about 20 metres (65 feet) tall but occasionally

  • ?anbūr (musical instrument)

    ?anbūr, long-necked fretted lute played under various names from the Balkans to northwestern Asia. Resembling the long lutes of ancient Egypt and Babylon as well as the ancient Greek pandoura, it has a deep pear-shaped body, some 1 to 4 dozen adjustable frets, and 2 to 10 metal strings that are

  • Tancoia (Taiwan)

    Kao-hsiung, special municipality (chih-hsia shih, or zhizia shi) and major international port in southwestern Taiwan. It is situated on the coast of the Taiwan Strait, its city centre about 25 miles (40 km) south-southeast from central T’ai-nan (Tainan) special municipality. The site has been

  • Tancred (archdeacon of Bologna)

    decretal: …influential of the decretalists were Tancred (d. c. 1234), archdeacon of Bologna, best known for his work on church marriage law and his manual of ecclesiastical procedural law; Henry of Susa (d. 1271), cardinal bishop of Ostia, known as the “king of law” and author of a “Golden Summary” (Summa…

  • Tancred (king of Sicily)

    Tancred, king of Sicily whose brief reign marked the end of the Norman rule there. An illegitimate son of Duke Roger of Apulia and grandson of Roger II, king of Sicily, Tancred joined an insurrection in 1155 against his uncle William I of Sicily and was imprisoned for five years. Released, he p

  • Tancred of Hauteville (regent of Antioch)

    Tancred of Hauteville, regent of Antioch, one of the leaders of the First Crusade. Tancred was a Norman lord of south Italy. He went on the Crusade with his uncle, Bohemond (the future Bohemond I of Antioch), and first distinguished himself in Cilicia, where he captured Tarsus from the Turks and

  • Tancred of Lecce (king of Sicily)

    Tancred, king of Sicily whose brief reign marked the end of the Norman rule there. An illegitimate son of Duke Roger of Apulia and grandson of Roger II, king of Sicily, Tancred joined an insurrection in 1155 against his uncle William I of Sicily and was imprisoned for five years. Released, he p

  • Tancrède (play by Voltaire)

    Voltaire: Achievements at Ferney: …played the title role of Tancrède, which was produced with a sumptuous decor (1760) and which proved to be Voltaire’s last triumph. Subsequent tragedies, arid and ill-constructed and overweighted with philosophic propaganda, were either booed off the stage or not produced at all. He became alarmed at the increasing influence…

  • Tancredi (opera by Rossini)

    Gioachino Rossini: Italian period: …La Fenice—his first serious opera, Tancredi (1813), in which he tried to reform opera seria (the formula-ridden, serious operas of the 18th century), and he composed an authentically dramatic score. This work, spirited and melodious, was an instant success. Tancredi’s famous song, “Di tanti palpiti,” was whistled all over town.…

  • Tancredi (king of Sicily)

    Tancred, king of Sicily whose brief reign marked the end of the Norman rule there. An illegitimate son of Duke Roger of Apulia and grandson of Roger II, king of Sicily, Tancred joined an insurrection in 1155 against his uncle William I of Sicily and was imprisoned for five years. Released, he p

  • Tancredo, Thomas Gerald (American politician)

    Tom Tancredo, American politician, who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1999–2009) and who sought the Republican nomination for president in 2008. Tancredo earned a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of Northern Colorado in 1968, and he worked as a

  • Tancredo, Tom (American politician)

    Tom Tancredo, American politician, who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1999–2009) and who sought the Republican nomination for president in 2008. Tancredo earned a bachelor’s degree in political science from the University of Northern Colorado in 1968, and he worked as a

  • tanda (rural settlement)

    India: Rural settlement: …may congregate in communities called tandas. A group variously known as the Banjari or Vanjari (also called Labhani), originally from Rajasthan and related to the Roma (Gypsies) of Europe, roams over large areas of central India and the Deccan, largely as agricultural labourers and construction workers. Many tribal peoples practice…

  • Tandamane (king of Egypt)

    history of Mesopotamia: Ashurbanipal (668–627) and Shamash-shum-ukin (668–648): …664 the nephew of Taharqa, Tanutamon, gathered forces for a new rebellion. Ashurbanipal went to Egypt, pursuing the Ethiopian prince far into the south. His decisive victory moved Tyre and other parts of the empire to resume regular payments of tribute. Ashurbanipal installed Psamtik (Greek: Psammetichos) as prince over the…

  • tandava (Indian dance)

    Hinduism: Shaivism: …is the master of both tandava, the fierce, violent dance that gives rise to energy, and lasya, the gentle, lyric dance representing tenderness and grace. Holding a drum upon which he beats the rhythm of creation, he dances within a circle of flames that depicts the arc of dissolution. He…

  • Tandaya (island, Philippines)

    Leyte, island, one of the Visayan group in the central Philippines, lying east of Cebu and Bohol across the Camotes Sea. It lies southwest of the island of Samar, with which it is linked by a 7,093-foot (2,162-metre) bridge (completed in 1973) across the narrow San Juanico Strait. The Samar and

  • tandem accelerator (physics)

    mass spectrometry: Operation of the tandem electrostatic accelerator: The tandem electrostatic accelerator (see particle accelerator: Van de Graaff generators) quickly displaced all other machines for this purpose, primarily because its ion source, the cesium sputter source described above, is located near ground potential and is easily accessible for changing samples.…

  • tandem bicycle (vehicle)

    bicycle: Basic types: …children and the elderly; the tandem bicycle, in which two riders sit one behind the other, the front rider steering; and stationary exercise bicycles.

  • tandem compound turbine (physics)

    turbine: Multiflow and compound arrangements: …shaft with one generator (tandem-compound turbines) or utilizing two shafts, each with its own generator (cross-compound turbines).

  • tandem couple (diplomacy)

    diplomacy: The role of women: …were particularly pronounced for “tandem couples,” in which both husband and wife were in the Foreign Service. Since postings together to large embassies or to a department headquarters could not always be arranged, husband and wife often would alternate in taking leave when not posted in adjacent countries. Despite…

  • tandem electrostatic accelerator (physics)

    mass spectrometry: Operation of the tandem electrostatic accelerator: The tandem electrostatic accelerator (see particle accelerator: Van de Graaff generators) quickly displaced all other machines for this purpose, primarily because its ion source, the cesium sputter source described above, is located near ground potential and is easily accessible for changing samples.…

  • tandem generator (physics)

    mass spectrometry: Operation of the tandem electrostatic accelerator: The tandem electrostatic accelerator (see particle accelerator: Van de Graaff generators) quickly displaced all other machines for this purpose, primarily because its ion source, the cesium sputter source described above, is located near ground potential and is easily accessible for changing samples.…

  • tandem harrow (agriculture)

    harrow: The tandem harrow has two to four gangs in tandem, and the offset has two to three gangs in tandem on one side of the tractor, used particularly under low-hanging fruit trees. The horse-drawn or tractor-drawn spike-tooth harrow, or drag, developed in the early 19th century,…

  • tandem hitch (dogsled method)

    dogsled racing: …of sled dogs expanded, the tandem hitch, for running dogs in pairs, became the standard. Sled dogs are still used for transportation and working purposes in some Arctic and subarctic areas, though they have largely been replaced by aircraft and snowmobiles. Most dog teams today are kept for recreation or…

  • tandem mass-spectrometry (chemistry)

    mass spectrometry: Tandem spectrometry: The combination of two analytical techniques, such as resulted in the gas chromatograph–mass spectrometer, has been followed by the combination of two mass spectrometers, which has proved helpful in determining the structure of complicated molecules. A beam from the first spectrometer is passed…

  • tandem mirror (physics)

    fusion reactor: Mirror confinement: …overall configuration is called a tandem mirror.

  • tandem office (telephone communications)

    telephone: The switching network: A tandem office was one that served a cluster of local offices. Atoll office was involved in switching traffic over long-distance (or toll) circuits.

  • tandem racing (cycling)

    sprint: Tandem races, an amateur event, are similar to sprint competition, with teams of two racers each competing on tandem bicycles (see photograph). Speeds are slightly higher, and the racers generally maintain a more steady pace than in the individual sprints.

  • tandem spectrometry (chemistry)

    mass spectrometry: Tandem spectrometry: The combination of two analytical techniques, such as resulted in the gas chromatograph–mass spectrometer, has been followed by the combination of two mass spectrometers, which has proved helpful in determining the structure of complicated molecules. A beam from the first spectrometer is passed…

  • tandem-wing aircraft (aeronautics)

    airplane: Wing types: A tandem-wing craft has two wings, one placed forward of the other.

  • Tandil (Argentina)

    Tandil, city, southeastern Buenos Aires provincia (province), eastern Argentina. It is situated within the Pampas at the northern end of the Tandil Mountains, about 190 miles (305 km) south of Buenos Aires city. Tandil was founded in 1823 by the colonial governor Martín Rodríguez, but after Indian

  • Tandja, Mamadou (president of Niger)

    Niger: Independence and conflict: Mamadou Tandja of the National Movement for a Developing Society–Nassara (Mouvement National pour une Société de Développement–Nassara; MNSD).

  • Tandon, Purushottam Das (Indian politician)

    Purushottam Das Tandon, Indian politician who was a prominent figure in the Indian National Congress in its early years. He was an enthusiastic campaigner for the use of Hindi as India’s national language. Tandon graduated from Muir Central College, Allahabad, in 1904 with a law degree and an M.A.

  • tandoor (oven)

    tandoori cookery: …like a large urn, a tandoor is at least one metre in height and is often sunk up to its neck in the earth. Tandoori cooking is believed to have originated in Persia and is found in some form throughout Central Asia. A charcoal fire is built in the tandoor…

  • tandoori chicken (dish)

    Tandoori chicken, a dish of roasted chicken marinated in yogurt and generously spiced, giving the meat its trademark red colour. It is named for the cylindrical clay oven in which it is cooked, a tandoor. The dish is attributed to Kundan Lal Gujral, a Hindu from Punjab state who fled newly formed

  • tandoori cookery

    Tandoori cookery, an Indian method of cooking over a charcoal fire in a tandoor, a cylindrical clay oven. Shaped like a large urn, a tandoor is at least one metre in height and is often sunk up to its neck in the earth. Tandoori cooking is believed to have originated in Persia and is found in some

  • tandoori murgh (dish)

    Tandoori chicken, a dish of roasted chicken marinated in yogurt and generously spiced, giving the meat its trademark red colour. It is named for the cylindrical clay oven in which it is cooked, a tandoor. The dish is attributed to Kundan Lal Gujral, a Hindu from Punjab state who fled newly formed

  • Tandridge (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Tandridge, district, administrative and historic county of Surrey, southeastern England. It occupies southeastern Surrey and borders Greater London to the north, Kent to the east, and Sussex to the south. Oxted, in the east-central part of the district, is the administrative centre. Tandridge lies

  • tandura (musical instrument)

    Tambura, long-necked fretless Indian lute. It has a hollow neck, measures about 40–60 inches (102–153 cm) in length, and usually has four metal strings tuned (relative pitch) c–c′–c′–g or c–c′–c′–f. Precision tuning is achieved by inserting bits of wool or silk between the strings and lower bridge

  • Tandy Corporation (American corporation)

    computer: Commodore and Tandy enter the field: Tandy Corporation, best known for its chain of Radio Shack stores, had followed the development of MITS and decided to enter the market with its own TRS-80 microcomputer, which came with four kilobytes of memory, a Z80 microprocessor, a BASIC programming language, and cassettes for…

  • Tandy, James Napper (Irish politician)

    James Napper Tandy, Irish politician, ineffectual revolutionary, and popular hero memorialized in the Irish ballad “The Wearing of the Green”: In the early 1780s Tandy was an artillery commander in the Irish Volunteers, and in 1791 he helped to form a Dublin branch of the radical Society of United

  • Tandy, Jessica (American actress)

    Jessica Tandy, English-born American actress of stage, screen, and television, noted for her complex portrayals and frequent collaborations with Hume Cronyn, her husband. Tandy was the daughter of a traveling salesman and grew up in London, where she studied acting at the Ben Greet Academy. She

  • Tane-rore (Maori deity)

    haka: …summer, had a son named Tane-rore. The Maori consider the quivering appearance of the air on hot summer days to be a sign of Tane-rore dancing for his mother, and this light, rapid movement is the foundation of all haka, with the performers’ trembling hands in particular representing Tane-rore’s dance.

  • Taneev, Sergey Ivanovich (Russian composer and pianist)

    Sergey Taneyev, Russian pianist, theorist, and composer, whose works are known for their finely wrought contrapuntal textures combined with romantic harmony. Taneyev studied composition with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and piano with Nikolay Rubinstein. In 1878 he interrupted his career as a pianist

  • Tanev, Vassili (Bulgarian communist)

    Reichstag fire: …and three Bulgarian communists—Simon Popov, Vassili Tanev, and Georgi Dimitrov. Dimitrov in particular won international fame for his fearless and skilled defense against Nazi prosecutors. All four of the accused communists were acquitted because of lack of evidence.

  • Taney, Roger B. (chief justice of United States)

    Roger B. Taney, fifth chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, remembered principally for the Dred Scott decision (1857). He was the first Roman Catholic to serve on the Supreme Court. Taney was the son of Michael and Monica (Brooke) Taney. Of English ancestry, Michael Taney had

  • Taney, Roger B. (chief justice of United States)

    Roger B. Taney, fifth chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, remembered principally for the Dred Scott decision (1857). He was the first Roman Catholic to serve on the Supreme Court. Taney was the son of Michael and Monica (Brooke) Taney. Of English ancestry, Michael Taney had

  • Taneyev, Sergey (Russian composer and pianist)

    Sergey Taneyev, Russian pianist, theorist, and composer, whose works are known for their finely wrought contrapuntal textures combined with romantic harmony. Taneyev studied composition with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and piano with Nikolay Rubinstein. In 1878 he interrupted his career as a pianist

  • Taneyev, Sergey Ivanovich (Russian composer and pianist)

    Sergey Taneyev, Russian pianist, theorist, and composer, whose works are known for their finely wrought contrapuntal textures combined with romantic harmony. Taneyev studied composition with Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and piano with Nikolay Rubinstein. In 1878 he interrupted his career as a pianist

  • Tanezrouft (region, Africa)

    Tanezrouft, region of the Sahara lying in southern Algeria and northern Mali. Covering part of a plateau eastward toward the Ahaggar (Hoggar) uplands, it slopes to lower ground in the west, and farther southward lie swamps. The region lacks water, landmarks, and vegetation. It was formerly shunned

  • Tang (Chinese emperor)

    Tang, reign name of the Chinese emperor who overthrew the Xia dynasty (c. 2070–c. 1600 bc) and founded the Shang, the first historical dynasty ( c. 1600–1046 bc, though the dating of the Shang—and hence also of the Tang emperor’s founding of it—have long been the subject of much debate). As a

  • tang (fish)

    Surgeonfish, any of about 75 species of thin, deep-bodied, tropical marine fishes of the family Acanthuridae (order Perciformes). Surgeonfishes are small-scaled, with a single dorsal fin and one or more distinctive, sharp spines that are located on either side of the tail base and can produce deep

  • Tang Bohu (Chinese painter)

    Tang Yin, Chinese scholar, painter, and poet of the Ming period whose life story has become a part of popular lore. Tang was a pupil of the great Shen Zhou, a friend of Wen Zhengming, and was aided by the latter’s father, Wen Lin. Tang came from a mercantile background and excelled in his studies.

  • Tang Dynasty (Chinese history)

    Tang dynasty, (618–907 ce), Chinese dynasty that succeeded the short-lived Sui dynasty (581–618), developed a successful form of government and administration on the Sui model, and stimulated a cultural and artistic flowering that amounted to a golden age. The Tang dynasty—like most—rose in

  • Tang Hualong (Chinese statesman)

    China: The Chinese Revolution (1911–12): …establishment of the Chinese republic; Tang Hualong, the assembly’s chairman, was elected head of the civil government.

  • Tang Jiyao (Chinese warlord)

    Tang Jiyao, military governor of China’s Yunnan province from 1913 to 1927. In 1915 Tang provided crucial military support to the rebels opposing Yuan Shikai’s reestablishment of the monarchy. Thereafter he remained a somewhat lukewarm supporter of Sun Yat-sen. After Sun’s death in 1925 Tang made

  • Tang Ren (Chinese author)

    Hong Kong literature: Tang Ren (Yan Qingshu), a pro-communist writer, was famous for historical novels such as Jinling chunmeng (“Spring Dream of Nanjing”), a work about Chiang Kai-shek. Some of the works of Li Bihua (English pen name: Lilian Lee) in the 1980s and 1990s can also be…

  • Tang River (river, China)

    Henan: Drainage: …east and southeast, and the Tang and Bai rivers in the southwest. The latter two drain southward into Hubei, eventually joining the Han River (a major tributary of the Yangtze River [Chang Jiang]).

  • Tang Ruowang (German missionary)

    Adam Schall von Bell, Jesuit missionary and astronomer who became an important adviser to the first emperor of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12). Schall arrived in China in 1622, having been trained in Rome in the astronomical system of Galileo. He soon impressed the Chinese with the superiority of

  • Tang Yee-ming, Dominic (Chinese priest)

    Dominic Tang Yee-ming, Chinese Roman Catholic priest who served (1951-58) as titular bishop and apostolic administrator of Guangzhou (Canton) diocese before spending 22 years in various prisons for refusing to break contact with the Vatican as ordered by the government; he served (1981-95) as

  • Tang Yin (Chinese painter)

    Tang Yin, Chinese scholar, painter, and poet of the Ming period whose life story has become a part of popular lore. Tang was a pupil of the great Shen Zhou, a friend of Wen Zhengming, and was aided by the latter’s father, Wen Lin. Tang came from a mercantile background and excelled in his studies.

  • tang’ak (music)

    Korean music: Court instrumental music: …divided into hyang’ak, Korean music; tang’ak, Tang and Song Chinese music; and a’ak, Confucian ritual music. The instruments used for these ensembles were of Chinese derivation and included sets of tuned stones (in Korean p’y?n’gy?ng) and bells (p’y?njong), mouth organ (saeng), and instruments in all the other eight categories of…

  • Tang, Prince of (emperor of Nan Ming dynasty)

    Zhu Yujian, ruler of Fujian province in southeastern China after the Manchu forces of Manchuria (Northeast China) captured the Ming capital at Beijing and established the Qing dynasty (1644–1911/12). He was also a claimant to the Ming throne. A Ming prince, Zhu was a direct descendant of the first

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