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  • Tuxpan de Rodríguez Cano (Veracruz, Mexico)

    Tuxpan, city, northern Veracruz estado (state), east-central Mexico. It lies along the Tuxpan River, 7.5 miles (12 km) from the river’s mouth on the Gulf of Mexico. Despite its hot, humid climate, Tuxpan is a commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. The principal source of income is

  • Tuxtla (Mexico)

    Tuxtla, city, capital of Chiapas estado (state), southeastern Mexico. It lies at about 1,740 feet (530 metres) above sea level, 7.5 miles (12 km) west of the Grijalva River and about 240 miles (390 km) east of Oaxaca. In 1892 Tuxtla replaced San Cristóbal de las Casas as the state capital. In

  • Tuxtla Guitiérrez (Mexico)

    Tuxtla, city, capital of Chiapas estado (state), southeastern Mexico. It lies at about 1,740 feet (530 metres) above sea level, 7.5 miles (12 km) west of the Grijalva River and about 240 miles (390 km) east of Oaxaca. In 1892 Tuxtla replaced San Cristóbal de las Casas as the state capital. In

  • Tuy Hoa (Vietnam)

    Tuy Hoa, city, southeastern Vietnam. An agricultural centre and fishing port on the South China Sea coast near the mouth of the Da Rang River, it is the focus of a fertile, densely populated agricultural lowland devoted to sugarcane, cotton, and rice. Many of the Vietnamese farmers of the Tuy Hoa

  • tuyere (nozzle)

    blast furnace: …into the furnace through multiple tuyeres (nozzles) located around the circumference of the furnace near the top of the hearth; these nozzles may number from 12 to as many as 40 on large furnaces. The preheated air is, in turn, supplied from a bustle pipe, a large-diameter pipe encircling the…

  • Tuyra, Rio (river, Panama)

    Tuira River, stream in eastern Panama, 106 miles (170 km) long. It rises in the Darién highlands (Serranía del Darién) and flows south-southeast then north and west past El Real de Santa María, where it receives the Chucunaque River, and then northwest to La Palma on the Gulf of San Miguel

  • Tuyuhun (people)

    China: The Sui dynasty: …“Blue Lake”), he defeated the Tuyuhun people, who from time to time raided the border territories.

  • Tuz G?lü (lake, Turkey)

    Lake Tuz, saline lake occupying a depression in the dry central plateau of Turkey, 65 miles (105 km) northeast of Konya. It lies at an elevation of 2,970 feet (905 m). For most of the year this very shallow (3–6 feet [1–2 m]) and saline lake has an area of about 580 square miles (1,500 square km).

  • Tuz, Lake (lake, Turkey)

    Lake Tuz, saline lake occupying a depression in the dry central plateau of Turkey, 65 miles (105 km) northeast of Konya. It lies at an elevation of 2,970 feet (905 m). For most of the year this very shallow (3–6 feet [1–2 m]) and saline lake has an area of about 580 square miles (1,500 square km).

  • Tuzigoot National Monument (park, Arizona, United States)

    Tuzigoot National Monument, archaeological site in central Arizona, U.S. It is located in the Verde River valley, 2 miles (3 km) east of Clarkdale; Montezuma Castle National Monument is about 20 miles (32 km) southeast. The monument, established in 1939, occupies an area of 1.3 square miles (3.4

  • Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

    Tuzla, town, northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, situated in the Tuzla Basin. Tuzla has long been associated with local deposits of rock salt. In the 10th century it was called Soli (Salts), and its present name is from the Turkish tuz, “salt.” From 1510 Tuzla was a Turkish garrison town, until in

  • TV (broadcasting)

    advertisement: …radio in the 1920s and television in the 1940s, and advertisements became more influential and complex, often based on the results of motivational research. In the second half of the 20th century, television was rivaled only by periodicals as the most popular medium for advertisements, which had so pervaded modern…

  • TV (aviation)

    airport: Cargo facilities: …and maintenance, are known as transfer vehicles (TVs) and elevating transfer vehicles (ETVs).

  • TV Bra for Living Sculpture (work by Paik)

    video art: Paik’s TV Bra for Living Sculpture (1969), in which the performance artist and cellist Charlotte Moorman played the cello topless with two small video-playing TV monitors attached to her chest, illustrates video art’s long-standing ties to performance (see also performance art), as well as its often…

  • TV Guide (American magazine)

    Walter H. Annenberg: …and radio stations, and developing TV Guide (1953), which became one of the most popular magazines in the United States. In 1988 Annenberg sold his interests in Triangle for a reported $3.2 billion.

  • TV Land (American television company)

    Television in the United States: The 1990s: the loss of shared experience: …old television (Nick at Nite, TV Land), old movies (American Movie Classics, Turner Classic Movies), home improvement and gardening (Home and Garden Television [HGTV]), comedy (Comedy Central), documentaries (Discovery Channel), animals (Animal Planet), and a host of other interests. The Golf Channel and the

  • TV on the Radio (American rock group)

    TV on the Radio, American alternative rock group known for multilayered musical collages that mix sonic experimentation with accessible pop hooks. The lineup consisted of vocalist Tunde Adebimpe (byname of Babatunde Omoroga Adebimpe; b. Feb. 25, 1975, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.), multi-instrumentalist

  • TV remote control

    Television in the United States: The growth of cable TV: …an opportunity to add remote-control devices to old TV sets. With so many new choices, and the ability to move from channel to channel without leaving one’s chair, viewers began to watch TV in a more participatory fashion. Furthermore, videocassette recorder (VCR) ownership grew from 1 to 68 percent…

  • TV rock (mineral)

    Ulexite, borate mineral, NaCaB5O6(ΟH)6·5H2O, that consists of hydrated sodium and calcium borate. Individual crystals are colourless and have a vitreous lustre, whereas the more common nodular, rounded, or lenslike crystal aggregates (often resembling cotton balls) are white and have a silky or

  • TV Typewriter (computer terminal)

    computer: The Altair: …an article describing a “TV Typewriter,” which was a computer terminal that could connect a hobbyist with a mainframe computer. It was written by Don Lancaster, an aerospace engineer and fire spotter in Arizona who was also a prolific author of do-it-yourself articles for electronics hobbyists. The TV Typewriter…

  • TV-am (British company)

    Greg Dyke: …1983 Dyke was recruited by TV-am, a new company broadcasting at breakfast time on Britain’s main commercial channel in opposition to the BBC. TV-am was in serious trouble, losing viewers and money. Employing various populist devices, including the introduction of a segment for children dominated by a puppet rodent named…

  • TV—Too Big a Dose of Reality?

    Strictly speaking, Reality programming—unscripted and unrehearsed programs in the form of sporting events, talk shows, documentaries, Candid Camera, and the like—had been part of the television landscape from the earliest days of broadcasting. Later, in 1973, it became more deliberate when, on

  • TVA (government agency, United States)

    Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), U.S. government agency established in 1933 to control floods, improve navigation, improve the living standards of farmers, and produce electrical power along the Tennessee River and its tributaries. The Tennessee River was subject to severe periodic flooding, and

  • Tv? m?nniskor (work by Dreyer)

    Carl Theodor Dreyer: …Danish cinema; Tv? m?nniskor (1945; Two People); and Ordet (1955; The Word), winner of the Grand Prize at the Venice Film Festival, dramatizes the complex relationship between social good and spiritual good in an ambiguous story of a hardworking, down-to-earth farm family who are burdened by the younger son’s insane…

  • Tvardovsky, Aleksandr Trifonovich (Soviet author)

    Novy Mir: …the liberal editorship of Aleksandr Tvardovsky (1958–70), Novy Mir was the first to publish Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s novel One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962). The censorship of the magazine in the 1970s and ’80s contributed to the development of a large underground press in the Soviet Union. Novy…

  • Tva??ar (Iranian god)

    ancient Iranian religion: Creation of the cosmos: …an ancient Indo-Iranian god called Thvarshtar (Vedic Tvashtar; “Artisan”), who also appears in Zarathustra’s system of the Beneficent Immortals under the name Spenta Mainyu (“the Beneficent Spirit”). Thvarshtar functions in many ways as Ahura Mazdā’s creative aspect. While in the Gāthās and the Younger Avesta Spenta Mainyu is paired with…

  • TVC (military technology)

    rocket and missile system: Design principles: …its engines is known as thrust-vector control.

  • Tver (Russia)

    Tver, city and administrative centre of Tver oblast (region), western Russia. The city lies at the confluence of the upper Volga and Tvertsa rivers. The first mention of Tver dates from 1134–35, when it was subject to Novgorod. It became part of the Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal in 1209, and in

  • Tver (oblast, Russia)

    Tver, oblast (region), western Russia. It extends from the morainic Valdai Hills in the southwest, across the broad, swampy plain of the upper Volga River, to the shore of the huge Rybinsk Reservoir in the northeast. The Valdai Hills have scores of lakes and many areas of swamp. The chief cities in

  • Tver (historical principality, Russia)

    Tver, medieval principality located in the region northwest of Moscow and centring on the city of Tver and including the towns of Kashin, Mikulin, Kholm, Dorogobuzh, and Staritsa. Descendants of Prince Yaroslav Yaroslavich (brother of Alexander Nevsky and son of Yaroslav Vsevolodovich) founded the

  • Tverskaya Prospekt (street, Moscow, Russia)

    Moscow: The inner city: Many streets were widened—in particular, Tverskaya Prospekt (called Gorky Prospekt, for Russian novelist Maxim Gorky, from 1932 to 1992), one of Moscow’s principal radial roads, which is lined with large shops, hotels, and offices. The Garden Ring itself has been widened to form a broad highway with multiple lanes in…

  • Tverskoye Knyazhestvo (historical principality, Russia)

    Tver, medieval principality located in the region northwest of Moscow and centring on the city of Tver and including the towns of Kashin, Mikulin, Kholm, Dorogobuzh, and Staritsa. Descendants of Prince Yaroslav Yaroslavich (brother of Alexander Nevsky and son of Yaroslav Vsevolodovich) founded the

  • Tversky, Amos (psychologist)

    Daniel Kahneman: Kahneman’s research with Amos Tversky on decision making under uncertainty resulted in the formulation of a new branch of economics, prospect theory, which was the subject of their seminal article “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decisions Under Risk” (1979). Previously, economists had believed that people’s decisions are determined…

  • TVPA (United States [2000])

    human trafficking: Legal response: …specifically addressing human trafficking, the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA). The primary goal of the TVPA is to provide protection and assistance to trafficking victims, to encourage international response, and to provide assistance to foreign countries in drafting antitrafficking programs and legislation. The TVPA seeks to successfully combat…

  • Tvrdoglavi (work by Janevski)

    Macedonian literature: …with Macedonian history and includes Tvrdoglavi (1965; “The Stubborn Ones”), a novel articulating the Macedonian people’s myths and legends of remembering and interpreting their history. Prewar playwrights, such as Vasil Iljoski, continued to write, and the theatre was invigorated by new dramatists, such as Kole ?a?ule, Tome Arsovski, and Goran…

  • Tvrtko I (ruler of Bosnia)

    Tvrtko I, probably the greatest ruler of Bosnia, ruling as Bosnian ban (provincial lord, subservient to the king of Hungary) from 1353 and king of the Serbs and Bosnia from 1377. In 1363 Tvrtko commenced war with King Louis I of Hungary, but afterward Louis helped him regain power following a r

  • Tvrtko Kotromani? (ruler of Bosnia)

    Tvrtko I, probably the greatest ruler of Bosnia, ruling as Bosnian ban (provincial lord, subservient to the king of Hungary) from 1353 and king of the Serbs and Bosnia from 1377. In 1363 Tvrtko commenced war with King Louis I of Hungary, but afterward Louis helped him regain power following a r

  • TVS (meteorology)

    tornado: Prediction and detection of tornadoes: …concentrated rotation is called the tornado vortex signature, although this area does not always evolve into a tornado core. These improvements have allowed forecasters to increase warning times while reducing false alarms.

  • Twa (people)

    Twa, one of the best-known of the many Pygmy groups scattered across equatorial Africa. Like all other African Pygmies, the Twa, averaging about 5 feet (1.5 m) in height, are a people of mixed ancestry, probably descendants of the original inhabitants of the equatorial rainforest. They live in the

  • TWA (American corporation)

    Trans World Airlines, Inc. (TWA), former American airline that maintained extensive routes in the United States and to Europe, the Caribbean, and the Middle East. TWA was absorbed by American Airlines in 2001. TWA was formed on July 16, 1930, in the amalgamation of divisions of Western Air Express

  • TWA flight 800 (aviation disaster, off the coast of Long Island, New York, United States [1996])

    TWA flight 800, flight of a Trans World Airlines (TWA) jumbo jet airliner that broke up over the Atlantic Ocean and went down about 8 miles (13 km) off the coast of Long Island, near East Moriches, New York, on the evening of July 17, 1996. All 230 people on board died in the crash. A U.S.

  • TWA flight 847 hijacking (airplane hijacking [1985])

    Imad Mugniyah: …masterminded the 1985 hijacking of TWA flight 847. Over the course of more than two weeks, the plane, originally scheduled to fly from Athens to Rome, made multiple trips between Beirut and Algiers. During a stop in Beirut, one passenger, a U.S. Navy diver, was shot at close range and…

  • Twachtman, John Henry (American painter)

    John Henry Twachtman, painter and etcher, one of the first American Impressionists. Twachtman went to Munich, Germany, in 1875 to study painting and adopted the broad brushwork and warm, dark colouring of the Munich school. In 1883 he moved to Paris, where he studied at the Académie Julian. During

  • Twain, Mark (American writer)

    Mark Twain, American humorist, journalist, lecturer, and novelist who acquired international fame for his travel narratives, especially The Innocents Abroad (1869), Roughing It (1872), and Life on the Mississippi (1883), and for his adventure stories of boyhood, especially The Adventures of Tom

  • Twain, Shania (Canadian musician)

    Shania Twain, Canadian musician who, with her mix of country melodies and pop vocals, became one of the most popular crossover artists of the mid-1990s. Twain took the surname of her stepfather, Jerry Twain, at a young age. After the family moved north to Timmins, Ontario, she developed an

  • twaite shad (fish)

    shad: The twaite shad (A. finta) is smaller.

  • Twara (people)

    Al-?ūr: …in the vicinity by the Twara Bedouin, for whom Al-?ūr is a traditional gathering place. Their crops include dates, vegetables, and barley. Stock raising is economically important; camels, donkeys, sheep, and goats are raised, but the Twara must migrate seasonally to find pasture for their flocks. Al-?ūr has also developed…

  • Twardowski, Kazimierz (Polish philosopher)

    Stanis?aw Le?niewski: Life: His dissertation was approved by Kazimierz Twardowski, who, for his wide-ranging influence on Polish intellectual life, is known as the father of contemporary Polish philosophy. Twardowski, like Edmund Husserl (the founder of Phenomenology), was a student in Vienna of Franz Brentano, an Aristotelian and Scholastic philosopher who, although not himself…

  • Twardowski, Samuel (Polish author)

    Samuel Twardowski, Polish poet, diarist, and essayist who was very popular in his time. An impoverished Polish nobleman, Twardowski was a hanger-on at various magnates’ courts. While traveling as secretary with one of his patrons on a diplomatic mission to Turkey, he wrote a diary of the journey in

  • Twarz m??czyzny (work by Kuncewiczowa)

    Maria Kuncewiczowa: Her first novel, Twarz m??czyzny (1928; “The Face of the Male”), established her gift as a writer who excelled in penetrating psychological portraits expressed with subtle irony and poetical lyricism. Cudzoziemka (1936; The Stranger) is a psychoanalytic study of alienation in an ethnically foreign country. Her novel Dni…

  • ’Twas the Night Before Christmas (narrative poem)

    A Visit from St. Nicholas, narrative poem first published anonymously in the Troy (New York) Sentinel on December 23, 1823. It became an enduring part of Christmas tradition, and, because of its wide popularity, both Nicholas, the patron saint of Christmas, and the legendary figure Santa Claus were

  • twasa (Zulu healer)

    sangoma: Calling: …who are called, known as twasa (apprentices), often try in vain to be cured by modern medicine before ending up with a sangoma who can correctly identify ukutwasa. This identification begins an initiation period, which can last from months to years depending on the circumstances.

  • twayblade (plant)

    Twayblade, any of the orchids of the genera Liparis and Neottia (family Orchidaceae). The common name derives from the characteristic pair of leaves borne at the base of the flowering stalk. Liparis, also known as false twayblade, has about 320 species of epiphytic and terrestrial orchids

  • Twee vrouwen (novel by Mulisch)

    Harry Mulisch: Twee vrouwen (1975; Two Women; filmed 1979) explored love between two women. Perhaps his most popular work is his novel De aanslag (1982; The Assault; filmed 1985), in which one family betrays another during the war. The reason for that betrayal is revealed to the only surviving member…

  • tweed (fabric)

    Tweed, any of several fabrics of medium-to-heavy weight, rough in surface texture, and produced in a great variety of colour and weave effects largely determined by the place of manufacture. The descriptions “Scottish,” “Welsh,” “Cheviot,” “Saxony,” “Harris,” “Yorkshire,” “Donegal,” and “West of

  • Tweed River (river, Australia)

    Tweed River, principal river of the North Coast district, New South Wales, Australia, usually associated with the Clarence and Richmond rivers. Of its three arms, two rise in the McPherson Range and the third in the Tweed Range of the Eastern Highlands. The river flows 50 miles (80 km) east past

  • Tweed, Boss (American politician)

    Boss Tweed, American politician who, with his “Tweed ring” cronies, systematically plundered New York City of sums estimated at between $30 million and $200 million. Tweed was a bookkeeper and a volunteer fireman when elected alderman on his second try in 1851, and the following year he was also

  • Tweed, River (river, United Kingdom)

    River Tweed, river in the Scottish Borders council area of southeastern Scotland, flowing eastward for 97 miles (156 km) and forming for 17 miles (27 km) the border with England. For the last 2 miles (3 km) of its course, the Tweed flows through England before entering the North Sea at

  • Tweed, William Magear (American politician)

    Boss Tweed, American politician who, with his “Tweed ring” cronies, systematically plundered New York City of sums estimated at between $30 million and $200 million. Tweed was a bookkeeper and a volunteer fireman when elected alderman on his second try in 1851, and the following year he was also

  • Tweed, William Marcy (American politician)

    Boss Tweed, American politician who, with his “Tweed ring” cronies, systematically plundered New York City of sums estimated at between $30 million and $200 million. Tweed was a bookkeeper and a volunteer fireman when elected alderman on his second try in 1851, and the following year he was also

  • Tweeddale, John Hay, 2nd earl and 1st marquess of (Scottish statesman)

    John Hay, 2nd earl and 1st marquess of Tweeddale, British statesman and lord high chancellor of Scotland from 1692 to 1696. During the English Civil Wars he initially supported Charles I but then joined the Covenanters and fought in the Scottish ranks against the king at Marston Moor (July 1644).

  • Tweeddale, John Hay, 2nd earl and 1st marquess of, Earl of Gifford, Viscount of Walden, Lord Hay of Yester (Scottish statesman)

    John Hay, 2nd earl and 1st marquess of Tweeddale, British statesman and lord high chancellor of Scotland from 1692 to 1696. During the English Civil Wars he initially supported Charles I but then joined the Covenanters and fought in the Scottish ranks against the king at Marston Moor (July 1644).

  • Tweedie, Jill Sheila (British journalist)

    Jill Sheila Tweedie, British journalist and author (born May 22, 1936, Egypt—died Nov. 12, 1993, London, England), was a columnist for The Guardian from 1969 to 1988 and on that paper’s women’s pages was one of the first to write about such feminist subjects as the treatment of women during c

  • Tweedledee and Tweedledum (fictional characters)

    Tweedledum and Tweedledee, fictional characters in Lewis Carroll’s Through the Looking-Glass (1872). In keeping with the mirror-image scheme of Carroll’s book, Tweedledum and Tweedledee are two rotund little men who are identical except that they are left-right reversals of each other. In the 18th

  • Tweedledum and Tweedledee (fictional characters)

    Tweedledum and Tweedledee, fictional characters in Lewis Carroll’s Through the Looking-Glass (1872). In keeping with the mirror-image scheme of Carroll’s book, Tweedledum and Tweedledee are two rotund little men who are identical except that they are left-right reversals of each other. In the 18th

  • Tweedsmuir Hills (hills, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Dumfriesshire: …the Lowther Hills and the Tweedsmuir Hills, which reach an elevation of 2,696 feet (822 metres) at White Coomb. Dumfriesshire lies entirely within the council area of Dumfries and Galloway.

  • Tweedy, Jeff (American musician)

    Mavis Staples: …was produced by Wilco frontman Jeff Tweedy. It was a critical success, and the following year Staples’s long Grammy drought finally came to an end when You Are Not Alone was awarded the Grammy Award for best Americana album. Her subsequent albums included One True Vine (2013) and If All…

  • Tweedy, Jeffrey Scott (American musician)

    Mavis Staples: …was produced by Wilco frontman Jeff Tweedy. It was a critical success, and the following year Staples’s long Grammy drought finally came to an end when You Are Not Alone was awarded the Grammy Award for best Americana album. Her subsequent albums included One True Vine (2013) and If All…

  • tweeter (electroacoustical device)

    loudspeaker: …high-frequency speaker is called a tweeter. In many sound reproduction systems a third, or midrange, speaker is also used, and in a few systems there are separate “subwoofers” and “supertweeters” to reproduce the extremities of the audible spectrum.

  • tweezer (tool)

    hand tool: Smelting: Tweezers were invented, but whether for depilatory or surgical purpose is unknown; there are artifacts presumed to be scalpels. Plates, nails, and rivets also developed early.

  • tweezers (tool)

    hand tool: Smelting: Tweezers were invented, but whether for depilatory or surgical purpose is unknown; there are artifacts presumed to be scalpels. Plates, nails, and rivets also developed early.

  • twelf (number)

    number symbolism: 12: The number 12 is strongly associated with the heavens—the 12 months, the 12 signs of the zodiac, and the 12 stations of the Moon and of the Sun. The ancients recognized 12 main northern stars and 12 main southern stars. There are 24 =…

  • Twelfth Amendment (United States Constitution)

    Twelfth Amendment, amendment (1804) to the Constitution of the United States repealing and revising presidential election procedures. The catalyst for the Twelfth Amendment was the U.S. presidential election of 1800. Under the original text of the Constitution, political participation was at first

  • Twelfth Imam (Shī?ite imam)

    Mu?ammad al-Mahdī al-?ujjah, 12th and last imam, venerated by the Ithnā ?Ashariyyah, or Twelver sect, the main body of Shī?ite Muslims. It is believed that Mu?ammad al-Mahdī al-?ujjah has been concealed by God (a doctrine known as ghaybah, or occultation) and that he will reappear in time as the

  • Twelfth Mile Stone (South Africa)

    Bellville, city, Western Cape province, South Africa. It lies east of Cape Town within the Cape Peninsula urban area. Originally a village called Twelfth Mile Stone, Bellville was established by proclamation in 1861 and named after Charles D. Bell, surveyor general of the Cape. It became a town in

  • Twelfth Night (play by Shakespeare)

    Twelfth Night, comedy in five acts by William Shakespeare, written about 1600–02 and printed in the First Folio of 1623 from a transcript of an authorial draft or possibly a playbook. One of Shakespeare’s finest comedies, Twelfth Night precedes the great tragedies and problem plays in order of

  • Twelfth Night (Christianity)

    Carnival: …the Carnival season opens on Twelfth Night (January 6) and climaxes with the Mardi Gras festivities commencing 10 days before Shrove Tuesday. The French name Mardi Gras means Fat Tuesday, from the custom of using all the fats in the home before Lent. In Italy, Venice became a gathering place…

  • Twelfth Night or What You Will (film by Nunn [1996])

    Trevor Nunn: …movies, including Lady Jane (1986), Twelfth Night or What You Will (1996), and Red Joan (2018). In 2002 he was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in recognition of his services to theatre.

  • Twelfth Night; or, What You Will (play by Shakespeare)

    Twelfth Night, comedy in five acts by William Shakespeare, written about 1600–02 and printed in the First Folio of 1623 from a transcript of an authorial draft or possibly a playbook. One of Shakespeare’s finest comedies, Twelfth Night precedes the great tragedies and problem plays in order of

  • twelve (number)

    number symbolism: 12: The number 12 is strongly associated with the heavens—the 12 months, the 12 signs of the zodiac, and the 12 stations of the Moon and of the Sun. The ancients recognized 12 main northern stars and 12 main southern stars. There are 24 =…

  • Twelve Angry Men (American television program [1954])

    Franklin J. Schaffner: …more than 100 shows, including Twelve Angry Men (1954), which earned him an Emmy Award. He also won Emmys for directing and cowriting The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial (1955), which aired on the Ford Star Jubilee, and for directing (1961–62) several episodes of the weekly series The Defenders.

  • Twelve Apostles (rock formation, Victoria, Australia)

    Victoria: Cultural life: …southwest coast of Victoria, the Twelve Apostles, a spectacular formation of limestone sea stacks, are part of Port Campbell National Park; the historic collapse of one of the stacks occurred in 2005.

  • Twelve Apostles, Cathedral of (cathedral, Moscow, Russia)

    Moscow: The Kremlin: …gun are located the mid-17th-century Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles and the adjoining Patriarchal Palace.

  • Twelve Apostles, Council of the (Mormon governing body)

    Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Structure of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: …president and two councillors), the Council of the Twelve Apostles, the First Quorum of Seventy, and the presiding bishop and two councillors, who manage the church’s property and welfare programs. All are “sustained in office” by the regular and now-ritualized vote of confidence at the semiannual General Conference, which is…

  • Twelve Articles (German religious document)

    Germany: The revolution of 1525: …the common man” are the Twelve Articles drawn up for the Swabian peasantry by an Evangelical cleric and associate of Zwingli’s. Article 3 of this document asserts, “The Bible proves that we are free, and we want to be free,” while another article claims for every congregation the right to…

  • Twelve Bens (mountains, Ireland)

    Connemara: …sharp-peaked quartzite ranges of the Twelve Bens and Maumturks, with many summits more than 2,000 feet (610 metres) high. The population of the region is concentrated in a narrow coastal belt in which the cultivable land was built up from sand, seaweed, and manures, and the fields are protected by…

  • Twelve Chairs, The (work by Ilf and Petrov)

    Ilf and Petrov: …their collaboration, Dvenadtsat stulyev (The Twelve Chairs), a rollicking picaresque novel of farcical adventures within a framework of telling satire on Soviet life during the New Economic Policy (NEP) period. The work was an instant success, and its rogue-hero—the irrepressible Ostap Bender—became overnight, and remained, one of the most…

  • Twelve Chairs, The (film by Brooks [1970])

    Mel Brooks: First films: …Producers with another broad comedy, The Twelve Chairs (1970), that was set in newly communist Russia and concerned a trove of jewels hidden inside a dining-chair leg. A priest, an aristocrat, and a confidence man vie to be the first to discover them, to great comic effect, though the film…

  • Twelve Colleges building (building, Saint Petersburg, Russia)

    St. Petersburg: Vasilyevsky Island: Farther back, the Twelve Colleges building (Trezzini, 1722–42), originally intended to house the supreme governmental bodies of Peter, is now the home of the city’s state university. The building is divided into 12 identical but independent sections and runs at right angles to the Neva embankment, which is…

  • Twelve Conclusions (English historical work)

    Lollard: …Lollard teaching appeared in the Twelve Conclusions, drawn up to be presented to the Parliament of 1395. They began by stating that the church in England had become subservient to her “stepmother the great church of Rome.” The present priesthood was not the one ordained by Christ, while the Roman…

  • Twelve Days of Christmas (Christianity)

    Epiphany: …6 is known as the Twelve Days of Christmas. Epiphany is celebrated with special pastries in many countries, and children often receive small gifts in their shoes in honour of the Magi’s gifts to the infant Jesus. The holiday also has a number of traditions involving water as a reflection…

  • Twelve Deities (Japanese masks)

    bugaku: The masks called the “Twelve Deities” (1486; Tō Temple, Kyōto), carved by Buddhist sculptors, are among the oldest and best-known examples. A bugaku program usually begins with a selection performed by the head dancers of the two forms, followed by alternate dances from both repertoires.

  • Twelve Gods (paintings by Shoga)

    Takuma Shōga, original name Takuma Tamemoto: …was a group of the “Twelve Gods,” painted on screens, in 1191, for the Tō Temple. The painting of the Moon deity, the only one of the 12 that is extant, exemplifies the style of iconography introduced by Shōga and continued by the Takuma family. It contrasts with earlier painting…

  • Twelve Monkeys (film by Gilliam [1995])

    Terry Gilliam: …take on time travel with 12 Monkeys (1995), starring Bruce Willis and Brad Pitt, and he garnered a Palme d’Or nomination at the Cannes film festival for his adaptation of Hunter S. Thompson’s Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998); the latter featured Johnny Depp as Thompson. Gilliam

  • Twelve Months of Flowers, The (work by Casteels)

    floral decoration: 18th century: … for a nursery catalog called The Twelve Months of Flowers (1730). Since the flowers in each bouquet are numbered and keyed to a list at the bottom of the plate, and are one-of-a-kind collections, they are not truly representative of live arrangements. Jacob van Huysum’s monthly paintings display flowers more…

  • Twelve O’Clock High (film by King [1949])

    Twelve O’Clock High, American war film, released in 1949, that was noted for its groundbreaking depiction of the psychological effects of war on soldiers. American attorney Harvey Stovall (played by Dean Jagger) is a tourist in London in 1949 when he happens upon an old Toby jug (a beer jug in the

  • Twelve Patriarchs, Testaments of the (pseudepigrapha)

    Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, pseudepigraphal work (not in any biblical canon) purporting to present the last words of the 12 sons of Jacob—founders of the 12 tribes of Israel. The book is an imitation of the “blessing of Jacob” described in chapter 49 of Genesis, but, unlike its model, this

  • Twelve Peoples, League of the

    ancient Italic people: Organization: …a league of the “Twelve Peoples” of Etruria, formed for religious purposes but evidently having some political functions; it met annually at the chief sanctuary of the Etruscans, the Fanum Voltumnae, or shrine of Voltumna, near Volsinii. The precise location of the shrine is unknown, though it may have…

  • Twelve Prophets, The (Old Testament)

    The Twelve, book of the Hebrew Bible that contains the books of 12 minor prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi. In most other versions of the Old Testament, each of these 12 is treated as a separate book (e.g., the Book of

  • Twelve Tables, Law of the (Roman law)

    Law of the Twelve Tables, the earliest written legislation of ancient Roman law, traditionally dated 451–450 bc. The Twelve Tables allegedly were written by 10 commissioners (decemvirs) at the insistence of the plebeians, who felt their legal rights were hampered by the fact that court judgments

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