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  • Tsiafajavona, Mount (mountain, Madagascar)

    Ankaratra: …8,671 feet (2,643 m) in Mount Tsiafajavona, the nation’s second highest peak. The main range runs south-southwest from the town of Antananarivo. Antsirabe (q.v.), situated on the slopes of Mount Tsiafajavona, is the principal town in the region.

  • Tsien Tsuen-hsuin (Chinese-born scholar)

    T.H. Tsien, (Tsien Tsuen-hsuin), Chinese-born scholar (born Dec. 1, 1909, Taizhou, Jiangsu province, China—died April 9, 2015, Chicago, Ill.), was renowned as an expert in Chinese bibliography and paleography. In 1941 he rescued some 30,000 ancient Chinese texts during the Japanese occupation of

  • Tsien, Hsue-shen (Chinese scientist)

    Qian Xuesen, Chinese engineer and research scientist widely recognized as the “father of Chinese aerospace” for his role in establishing China’s ballistic missile program. Qian was the only child of an aristocratic Hangzhou family whose recorded lineage of more than a thousand years has been traced

  • Tsien, Roger Y. (American chemist)

    Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist who was a corecipient, with Osamu Shimomura and Martin Chalfie, of the 2008 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Tsien attended Harvard University before receiving a Ph.D. in physiology from the University of Cambridge in 1977. He remained at Cambridge as a researcher until

  • Tsien, Roger Yonchien (American chemist)

    Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist who was a corecipient, with Osamu Shimomura and Martin Chalfie, of the 2008 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Tsien attended Harvard University before receiving a Ph.D. in physiology from the University of Cambridge in 1977. He remained at Cambridge as a researcher until

  • Tsien, T. H. (Chinese-born scholar)

    T.H. Tsien, (Tsien Tsuen-hsuin), Chinese-born scholar (born Dec. 1, 1909, Taizhou, Jiangsu province, China—died April 9, 2015, Chicago, Ill.), was renowned as an expert in Chinese bibliography and paleography. In 1941 he rescued some 30,000 ancient Chinese texts during the Japanese occupation of

  • Tsigan (people)

    Roma, an ethnic group of traditionally itinerant people who originated in northern India but live in modern times worldwide, principally in Europe. Most Roma speak some form of Romany, a language closely related to the modern Indo-European languages of northern India, as well as the major language

  • tsii’edo’a’tl (musical instrument)

    Native American music: Chordophones: …one- or two-string instrument called tsii’edo’a’tl (which they term a violin in English) from the hollow stalk of an agave plant; the instrument can be played in social and ceremonial contexts as well as for personal enjoyment.

  • Tsimanampetsotsa, Lake (lake, Madagascar)

    Madagascar: Drainage: Lake Tsimanampetsotsa, near the coast south of Toliara (formerly Tuléar), is a large body of saline water that has no outlet.

  • Tsimihety (people)

    Tsimihety, a Malagasy people living in mountainous north central Madagascar. The Tsimihety (“Those Who Never Cut Their Hair”) were originally sedentary mountain people living in extended families organized through patrilineal descent. They succeeded in remaining independent of the early Sakalava

  • Tsimlyan-skoye Vodokhranilishche (reservoir, Russia)

    Tsimlyansk Reservoir, reservoir created by a giant barrage (dam) at the great bend of the Don River, near the town of Tsimlyansk in Rostov oblast (province), southern Russia. The reservoir, about 160 miles (257 kilometres) long, was constructed in 1950–51 in connection with the building of the V

  • Tsimlyansk Reservoir (reservoir, Russia)

    Tsimlyansk Reservoir, reservoir created by a giant barrage (dam) at the great bend of the Don River, near the town of Tsimlyansk in Rostov oblast (province), southern Russia. The reservoir, about 160 miles (257 kilometres) long, was constructed in 1950–51 in connection with the building of the V

  • Tsimshian (people)

    Tsimshian, North American Indians of the Northwest Coast who traditionally lived on the mainland and islands around the Skeena and Nass rivers and Milbanke Sound in what is now British Columbia, Can., and Alaska, U.S. They speak any of three Tsimshian dialects: Niska, spoken along the Nass River;

  • Tsimshian language

    Penutian languages: …trade language or lingua franca), Tsimshian, and Zuni, each a family consisting of a single language. All but four of the surviving familes are spoken by fewer than 150 persons.

  • Tsinan (China)

    Jinan, city and capital, Shandong sheng (province), China. It lies in the northern foothills of the Mount Tai massif, on the high ground just south of the Huang He (Yellow River), which provides the major route along the north side of the Shandong Hills. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 2,345,969; (2007

  • Tsinghai (province, China)

    Qinghai, sheng (province) of northwestern China. It is bounded to the north and east by Gansu province, to the southeast by Sichuan province, to the south and west by the Tibet Autonomous Region, and to the west and northwest by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang. Qinghai is the fourth largest

  • Tsinghua University (university, Beijing, China)

    Beijing: Education: …these are Peking University and Tsinghua (Qinghua) University. Peking University (1898) is one of the largest comprehensive institutions in China. In 1953 the university moved from its old site at Shatan, in the inner city, to the present campus, which previously belonged to the missionary-established Yenching (Yanjing) University. The Haidian…

  • Tsingtao (China)

    Qingdao, port city, eastern Shandong sheng (province), eastern China. It is located on the south coast of the Shandong Peninsula at the eastern entrance to Jiaozhou (Kiaochow) Bay, one of the best natural harbours in northern China. Although the bay sometimes freezes in severe winters, it is always

  • Tsining (Shandong, China)

    Jining, city, southwestern Shandong sheng (province), China. In early times the seat of the state of Ren, it later became a part of the state of Qi, which flourished in the Zhou period (1046–256 bce). It underwent many changes of name and administrative status. The present name, Jining, first

  • Tsinkovye malchiki (work by Alexievich)

    Svetlana Alexievich: …Forgotten War; also translated as Zinky Boys: Soviet Voices from the Afghanistan War) exposed the hidden, undocumented futility of the Soviet intervention (1979–89) in the Afghan War (1978–92) and served to demystify the role of nationalism and Soviet autonomy. The title referred to the zinc coffins used by the military…

  • Tsinling Mountains (mountains, China)

    Qin Mountains, mountain range in north China, extending along a west-east axis from southeastern Gansu province into Shaanxi and Henan provinces. Considered to be an eastern extension of the Kunlun Mountains, it constitutes a watershed between the Wei River to the north and Han River to the south

  • Tsinuk Wawa (language)

    Chinook Jargon, pidgin, presently extinct, formerly used as a trade language in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. It is thought to have originated among the Northwest Coast Indians, especially the Chinook and the Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) peoples. The peoples of the Northwest Coast

  • Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin (Russian scientist)

    Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian research scientist in aeronautics and astronautics who pioneered rocket and space research and the development and use of wind tunnels for aerodynamic studies. He was also among the first to work out the theoretical problems of rocket travel in space. Tsiolkovsky was

  • Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin Eduardovich (Russian scientist)

    Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian research scientist in aeronautics and astronautics who pioneered rocket and space research and the development and use of wind tunnels for aerodynamic studies. He was also among the first to work out the theoretical problems of rocket travel in space. Tsiolkovsky was

  • Tsipras, Alexis (prime minister of Greece)

    Alexis Tsipras, Greek politician and leader of the Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza) who became prime minister of Greece in January 2015. Tsipras rode into office on a wave of popular opposition to the austerity measures imposed by the Greek government as a consequence of its bailout loan from

  • Tsiranana, Philibert (president of Malagasy Republic)

    Madagascar: The French Union (1946–58): …by the local assembly, Vice-Premier Philibert Tsiranana founded the Social Democratic Party (Parti Social Démocrate; PSD), which, though most of its members were non-Merina from the coastal areas, offered to cooperate with the Merina. In 1958 France agreed to let its overseas territories decide their own fate. In a referendum…

  • Tsirkas, Stratis (Greek author)

    Greek literature: Literature after 1922: Akyvérnites politíes (1960–65; Drifting Cities), Stratís Tsírkas masterfully recreated the atmosphere of the Middle East in World War II. In the short story, Dimítris Chatzís painted ironic portraits of real and fictional characters in his native Ioánnina in the period before and during World War II, exposing their self-interested machinations.

  • Tsitsihar (China)

    Qiqihar, city, western Heilongjiang sheng (province), northeastern China. It is situated in the middle of the fertile Nen River plain, a part of the Northeast (Manchurian) Plain. The site was originally settled by nomadic Tungus and Daur herdsmen; the city’s name Qiqihar is from a Daur word meaning

  • Tsjip (novel by Elsschot)

    Willem Elsschot: …followed it with the novel Tsjip (“Cheep”) in 1934. Laarmans, who is the protagonist in Kaas, had been introduced in Lijmen, and he reappears in Pensioen (1937; “Pension”), De leeuwentemmer (1940; “The Lion Tamer”), and Elsschot’s masterpiece, Het dwaallicht (1946; Will-o’-the-wisp), a fruitless search for a remote ideal in an…

  • Tskhinvali (Georgia)

    Tskhinvali, city, north-central Georgia, on the Bolshaya Liakhvi River. It is the leading city of an area populated by a Caucasian people known as Ossetes, or Ossetians. Tskhinvali is the capital of the breakaway region of South Ossetia. In the late 1980s Tskhinvali became the centre of a

  • TSMC (Taiwanese company)

    Morris Chang: …and philanthropist who founded (1987) Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), a leading maker of computer chips.

  • TSO (Tasmanian orchestra)

    Tasmania: The arts: The Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra (TSO), which receives financial support from the Hobart city council and numerous other corporate and public sponsors, gives regular concerts in the main urban centres, often with visiting artists from the mainland or overseas; it also figures prominently in the programming of…

  • TSO (orchestra, Toronto, Ontario, Canada)

    Seiji Ozawa: …1964 to 1968, of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra from 1965 to 1969, and of the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra from 1970 to 1976. For an extraordinarily long period (1973–2002) Ozawa served as music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra; during this period he was guest conductor for major opera and…

  • Tso Mapham (lake, China)

    Lake Mapam, lake, in the western Tibet Autonomous Region of China, to the south of the Kailas Range. Lying nearly 15,000 feet (4,600 metres) above sea level, it is generally recognized as the highest body of fresh water in the world. The lake is prominent in the mythology of Hinduism, and it has

  • Tso Ng?mpo (lake, China)

    Koko Nor, lake, Qinghai province, west-central China. The largest mountain lake without a river outlet in Central Asia, it is located in a depression of the Qilian Mountains, its surface at an elevation of about 10,500 feet (3,200 metres) above sea level. The length of the lake approaches 65 miles

  • Tso Tsung-t’ang (Chinese official)

    Zuo Zongtang, Chinese administrator and military leader, one of the scholar-officials who worked to suppress the great rebellions that threatened the imperial government during the second half of the 19th century. Zuo’s efforts helped revive the declining Qing (Manchu) dynasty (1644–1911/12) and

  • Tso-chuan (Chinese text)

    Zuozhuan, (Chinese: “Zuo’s Commentary”) ancient commentary on the Chunqiu (“Spring and Autumn [Annals]”) and the first sustained narrative work in Chinese literature. The Chunqiu, the first Chinese chronological history, records the principal political, social, and military events of the Spring and

  • Tsodilo Hills (hills, Botswana)

    Botswana: Bantu-speaking farmers: …the Okavango delta, in the Tsodilo Hills alongside Khoisan hunter and pastoralist sites, dated to about 550 ce. Archaeologists therefore have difficulty interpreting the hundreds of rock paintings in the Tsodilo Hills (designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2001) that were once assumed to be painted by “Bushman” (San)…

  • Tsoede (African king)

    Idah: Tsoede, the son of an early ata (“king”), left Idah and conquered and refounded the kingdom of Nupe (near the confluence of the Niger and Kaduna rivers); he is also said to have introduced to the Nupe people the art of bronze casting, for which…

  • Tsokev, Hristo (Bulgarian artist)

    Bulgaria: The arts: …half of the century and Hristo Tsokev in the second half. At the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century, Bulgarian painters such as Anton Mitov and the Czech-born Ivan Mrkvichka produced memorable works, many of them depicting the daily life of the Bulgarian people.

  • Tsong-kha-pa (Tibetan lama)

    Tsong-kha-pa, Tibetan lama who founded a new Tibetan Buddhist sect known as the Dge-lugs-pa (q.v.), literally “Model of Virtue” but more commonly referred to as the Yellow Hat sect to distinguish it from the older Red Hat sect. Hoping to restore monastic discipline, Tsong-kha-pa enforced celibacy,

  • Tsonga (people)

    Tsonga, culturally similar Bantu-speaking peoples inhabiting the southern coastal plain of Mozambique, parts of Zimbabwe and Swaziland, and the Transvaal of South Africa. They numbered some 4.6 million in the late 20th century. The Tsonga were formerly organized as independent peoples, each

  • Tsonga language (African language)

    Mozambique: Languages: South of the Save, Tsonga is spoken by almost one-seventh of the population.

  • Tsongas, Paul (United States senator)

    Paul Efthemios Tsongas, American politician (born Feb. 14, 1941, Lowell, Mass.—died Jan. 18, 1997, Boston, Mass.), came to national attention when he campaigned for the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination in 1992. Making a strong case for politically dangerous, painful measures to ensure r

  • Tsongas, Paul Efthemios (United States senator)

    Paul Efthemios Tsongas, American politician (born Feb. 14, 1941, Lowell, Mass.—died Jan. 18, 1997, Boston, Mass.), came to national attention when he campaigned for the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination in 1992. Making a strong case for politically dangerous, painful measures to ensure r

  • Tsonic language

    Formosan languages: …into three major branches: Atayalic, Tsonic, and Paiwanic. The last is the largest and includes Ami, Bunun, Paiwan, and Saaroa.

  • TSOP (popular music)

    Philadelphia International Records: The Sound of Philadelphia: The Sound of Philadelphia in the 1970s was the bridge between Memphis soul and international disco and between Detroit pop and Hi-NRG (high energy; the ultrafast dance music popular primarily in gay clubs in the 1980s). African-American-run Philadelphia International Records was the vital label of…

  • Tsotsi (film by Hood [2005])

    Athol Fugard: Fugard also wrote the novel Tsotsi (1980; film 2005). Notebooks, 1960–1977 (1983) collects selections from Fugard’s journals, and Karoo, and Other Stories (2005) is a compilation of short stories and journal extracts. Fugard received a Tony Award for lifetime achievement in 2011 and the Japan Art Association’s Praemium Imperiale prize…

  • Tsou Yen (Chinese philosopher)

    Zou Yan, Chinese cosmologist of the ancient state of Qi (in present-day Shandong) and leading exponent of the Yinyang school. The only account of his life is a brief one in the Shiji (“Record of the Historian”). To him is attributed the association of the Five Phases (wuxing) theory with the

  • Tsountas, Christos (Greek archaeologist)

    Aegean civilizations: History of exploration: Later in the 19th century, Christos Tsountas, a Greek archaeologist, dug cemeteries of earlier phases of the Bronze Age on other Cycladic islands and continued the work begun by Schliemann at Mycenae. At the end of the century, a British expedition excavated the important Bronze Age town of Phylakopi on…

  • Tsova-Tushian language

    Nakh languages: …group includes Chechen, Ingush, and Bats (Tsova-Tushian). Because Bats has no written form, its speakers use Georgian as their literary language. The Nakh group, sometimes called the Central Caucasian languages, is often classified by scholars with the Dagestanian languages (among which are Avar and Lezgian) in a Nakho-Dagestanian, or Northeast…

  • Tsu (Japan)

    Tsu, capital, Mie ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies along the mouth of the Ano River, facing Ise Bay. Tsu developed around a 16th-century castle and served as a post town and trade centre for cotton during the Tokugawa era (1603–1867). A modern cotton mill established in Tsu in 1898 was

  • Tsu Ch’ung-chih (Chinese astronomer, mathematician, and engineer)

    Zu Chongzhi, Chinese astronomer, mathematician, and engineer who created the Daming calendar and found several close approximations for π. Like his grandfather and father, Zu Chongzhi was a state functionary. About 462 he submitted a memorandum to the throne that criticized the current calendar,

  • Tsu Keng (Chinese government official, mathematician, and astronomer)

    Zu Geng, Chinese government official, mathematician, astronomer, and son of Zu Chongzhi (429–500). Beginning in 504, Zu Geng actively advocated his father’s calendar (the Daming calendar) and finally succeeded in getting it officially adopted in 510. His astronomical observations with gnomons

  • Tsubaki Sanjūrō (film by Kurosawa [1962])

    Yojimbo: …the sequel Tsubaki Sanjūrō (1962; Sanjuro), in which Mifune’s character helps a group of naive samurai fight corrupt officials in their clan.

  • Tsubouchi Shōyō (Japanese author)

    Tsubouchi Shōyō, playwright, novelist, critic, and translator who occupied a prominent position in Japanese letters for nearly half a century. He wrote the first major work of modern Japanese literary criticism, Shōsetsu shinzui (1885–86; The Essence of the Novel), translated the complete works of

  • Tsubouchi Yūzō (Japanese author)

    Tsubouchi Shōyō, playwright, novelist, critic, and translator who occupied a prominent position in Japanese letters for nearly half a century. He wrote the first major work of modern Japanese literary criticism, Shōsetsu shinzui (1885–86; The Essence of the Novel), translated the complete works of

  • Tsuchiura (Japan)

    Tsuchiura, city, Ibaraki ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the western shore of Lake Kasumi. A castle was constructed on the city site during the Muromachi period (1338–1573), and Tsuchiura grew to be a flourishing centre of land and sea transportation. Fishing was also highly developed. The

  • Tsuchiya, Tilsa (Peruvian artist)

    Latin American art: Trends, c. 1970–present: A painter of Japanese-Peruvian descent, Tilsa Tsuchiya, used aspects of her Peruvian heritage to create her own folklore, notably of “birdwomen.” One of her paintings (1974) transformed the vertical, biomorphically carved “hitching-post” sun stone at Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas, into a figure rising like a Maya…

  • Tsuga (plant)

    Hemlock, (genus Tsuga), any of about 14 species of coniferous evergreen trees comprising the genus Tsuga of the family Pinaceae, native to North America and central and eastern Asia. Some are important timber trees, and many are popular ornamentals. Other plants commonly called hemlock include

  • Tsuga canadensis (tree)

    hemlock: The eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) of North America, also called Canadian hemlock and hemlock spruce, usually is 18 to 30 metres (about 60 to 100 feet) tall and has a trunk 1.2 metres (4 feet) in diameter. Its dark green leaves have grooves on the upper…

  • Tsuga diversifolia (plant)

    hemlock: sieboldii) and the Japanese hemlock (T. diversifolia), both native to Japan, are grown as ornamentals in North America and Europe.

  • Tsuga heterophylla (tree)

    hemlock: The western hemlock (T. heterophylla), also known as hemlock fir and Prince Albert’s fir, is a timber tree often 60 metres (200 feet) tall, with a trunk 1.8 to 3 metres (6 to 10 feet) in diameter. Its wood is superior to that of all other…

  • Tsuga sieboldii (plant)

    hemlock: Siebold’s hemlock (T. sieboldii) and the Japanese hemlock (T. diversifolia), both native to Japan, are grown as ornamentals in North America and Europe.

  • Tsugaru Strait (strait, Pacific Ocean)

    Tsugaru Strait, strait of the northwest Pacific extending east from the Sea of Japan to the open ocean between the Japanese islands of Honshu (south) and Hokkaido. It is 15 to 25 miles (24 to 40 km) wide. The strait takes the Tsugaru Current, a warmer and saltier flow that is an extension of the

  • Tsugaru Warm Current (current, Pacific Ocean-Sea of Japan)

    Tsugaru Warm Current, surface oceanic current, a branch of the East Korea Warm Current flowing into the Pacific Ocean. After flowing from the Sea of Japan through the Tsugaru Strait, the Tsugaru Warm Current passes along the eastern coast of

  • Tsugaru-Kaikyō (strait, Pacific Ocean)

    Tsugaru Strait, strait of the northwest Pacific extending east from the Sea of Japan to the open ocean between the Japanese islands of Honshu (south) and Hokkaido. It is 15 to 25 miles (24 to 40 km) wide. The strait takes the Tsugaru Current, a warmer and saltier flow that is an extension of the

  • Tsuglagkhang Temple (temple, Lhasa, Tibet, China)

    Srong-brtsan-sgam-po: …the capital, the Tsuglagkhang, or Gtsug-lag-khang (Jokhang), Temple, which remains Tibetan Buddhism’s most sacred place.

  • Tsugu Akihito (emperor of Japan [born 1933])

    Akihito, emperor of Japan from 1989 to 2019. As scion of the oldest imperial family in the world, he was, according to tradition, the 125th direct descendant of Jimmu, Japan’s legendary first emperor. Akihito was the fifth child and eldest son of Emperor Hirohito and Empress Nagako. During his

  • Tsui Hark (Chinese director and producer)

    Jet Li: …collaboration with director and producer Tsui Hark.

  • Tsui no shintaku (film by Suo [2012])

    Suo Masayuki: After the drama Tsui no shintaku (2012; The Terminal Trust), Suo directed the musical comedy Maiko wa red? (2014; Lady Maiko).

  • Tsui, Daniel C. (American physicist)

    Daniel C. Tsui, Chinese-born American physicist who, with Horst L. St?rmer and Robert B. Laughlin, received the 1998 Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery that the electrons in a powerful magnetic field at very low temperatures can form a quantum fluid whose particles have fractional electric

  • Tsui, Daniel Chee (American physicist)

    Daniel C. Tsui, Chinese-born American physicist who, with Horst L. St?rmer and Robert B. Laughlin, received the 1998 Nobel Prize for Physics for the discovery that the electrons in a powerful magnetic field at very low temperatures can form a quantum fluid whose particles have fractional electric

  • Tsuioku no dansu (film by Kawase)

    Naomi Kawase: …with Tsuioku no dansu (2003; Letter from a Yellow Cherry Blossom), which chronicled the final days in the life of one of Kawase’s mentors, Kazuo Nishii, a photographer and film critic suffering from cancer. Her motion picture Sharasojyu (2003; Shara), about the family of a young boy who disappeared without…

  • tsuishu (lacquerwork)

    lacquerwork: Chinese carved lacquer: carved lacquer of China (diaoqi) is particularly noteworthy. In this the lacquer was built up in the method described above, but to a considerable thickness. When several colours were used, successive layers of each colour of uniform thickness were arranged in the order in which they were to predominate.…

  • Tsuji Takashi (Japanese businessman)

    Tsutsumi Family: …prominent son of Yasujiro was Seiji (b. March 30, 1927), who in 1964 received only a single department store as his share of his father’s inheritance. But Seiji was able to parlay this property into the Seibu chain of luxury department stores, which by 1990 had become Japan’s largest department…

  • tsuke shoin (Japanese architecture)

    Japanese architecture: The Muromachi period: …a small study room, called tsuke shoin, containing a ledge used as a desk, shelves, and sliding shoji windows that opened onto an auspicious, usually man-made, view. The sprawling style of Heian-period construction, called shinden-zukuri, was modified to accommodate the reduced circumstances of the aesthete in the turbulent Muromachi period,…

  • Tsuki ni hoeru (work by Hagiwara)

    Hagiwara Sakutarō: …poetry, Tsuki ni hoeru (Howling at the Moon), which irreversibly transformed modern Japanese verse. Hagiwara contended that “psychic terror” distinguished his work, and the first poem of the collection describes the nightmare of being buried alive. In his second poetry collection, Aoneko (1923; “Blue Cat”), Hagiwara presented himself as…

  • tsuki-yama (landscaping)

    Japanese garden: Types of gardens: …nature of the terrain, either tsuki-yama (“artificial hills”) or hira-niwa (“level ground”), each having particular features. Tsuki-yama consists of hills and ponds, and hira-niwa consists of flat ground designed to represent a valley or moor; tsuki-yama may include a portion laid out as hira-niwa. Each type may, furthermore, be treated…

  • Tsuki-yomi (Shintō deity)

    Izanagi and Izanami: …left eye, the moon god Tsukiyomi was born from his right eye, and the storm god Susanoo was born from his nose. In the Shintō religion, Izanagi’s bath is regarded as the founding of harai, the important ritual purification practices of Shintō.

  • Tsukiyomi (Shintō deity)

    Izanagi and Izanami: …left eye, the moon god Tsukiyomi was born from his right eye, and the storm god Susanoo was born from his nose. In the Shintō religion, Izanagi’s bath is regarded as the founding of harai, the important ritual purification practices of Shintō.

  • Tsukiyomi no Mikoto (Shintō deity)

    Izanagi and Izanami: …left eye, the moon god Tsukiyomi was born from his right eye, and the storm god Susanoo was born from his nose. In the Shintō religion, Izanagi’s bath is regarded as the founding of harai, the important ritual purification practices of Shintō.

  • Tsukuba Academic City (Japan)

    Tsukuba Science City, city, Ibaraki ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It is located 35 miles (56 km) northeast of Tokyo just to the south of Mount Tsukuba. Surrounded by farmland, this highly planned research and education community incorporates five towns and one village and covers 110

  • Tsukuba kenkyū gakuen toshi (Japan)

    Tsukuba Science City, city, Ibaraki ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It is located 35 miles (56 km) northeast of Tokyo just to the south of Mount Tsukuba. Surrounded by farmland, this highly planned research and education community incorporates five towns and one village and covers 110

  • Tsukuba Science City (Japan)

    Tsukuba Science City, city, Ibaraki ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan. It is located 35 miles (56 km) northeast of Tokyo just to the south of Mount Tsukuba. Surrounded by farmland, this highly planned research and education community incorporates five towns and one village and covers 110

  • tsukuri monogatari (Japanese literature)

    monogatari: Tsukuri monogatari (courtly romance) are exemplified by Murasaki Shikibu’s incomparable masterpiece, Genji monogatari (c. 1010). Perhaps the finest work in all of Japanese literature and the first important novel in the world, it tells of Prince Genji, remarkable not for his martial or political talents…

  • Tsukushi-goto (Japanese music school)

    Japanese music: Schools and genres: …of solo koto music is Tsukushi-goto. It was first noted in the late 16th century on the island of Kyushu where, over the centuries, court refugees and exiles gathered during upheavals in Kyōto. Earlier Chinese influences also are claimed as part of its creation, though historical facts are obscure. Tsukushi-goto…

  • Tsumaki Yorinaka (Japanese architect)

    Japanese architecture: The modern period: …a group of protégés, including Tsumaki Yorinaka (1859–1916). His design of the Nippon Kangyō Bank (1899; no longer extant) and Okada Shinichirō’s (1883–1932) Kabuki Theatre (1924) in Tokyo are representative of attempts to combine the grand scale of Western buildings with such traditional elements of Japanese architecture as tiled hip-gabled…

  • Tsumeb (Namibia)

    Tsumeb, company town, north-central Namibia. At an elevation of 4,232 feet (1,290 m), the town is a northern terminus of the country’s north-south railway and lies on a main trunk highway about 275 miles (440 km) north of Windhoek, the capital. In 1851 Sir Francis Galton, a British explorer, made

  • tsumi (Shintō religion)

    Tsumi, in the Shintō religion of Japan, a state of defilement or impurity resulting from the commission of unnatural or criminal acts. Incest, contact with the pollution of blood or death, and agricultural vandalism are prominent examples of tsumi. The term also covered sickness, disaster, and

  • Tsumkwe (Namibia)

    Kaukauveld: The settlement of Tsumkwe in Namibia was established to teach the San the principles of agriculture and animal husbandry.

  • tsun (wine vessel)

    Zun, (Chinese: “sacrificial vessel”) any of a wide range of ancient Chinese wine vessels. These forms are characterized by an ample interior volume for containing wine and a wide opening for drinking. There are two essential varieties of zun. One is shaped like a much enlarged gu—that is, tall and

  • Tsun-i (China)

    Zunyi, city, northern Guizhou sheng (province), southern China. It is situated on the main route from the provincial capital of Guiyang in the south to Chongqing in the north. The city was brought under regular Chinese administration only in the early 7th century ce. A prefecture named Bo was set

  • tsunami (water wave)

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