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  • True Holland Reformed Church (Protestant denomination)

    Christian Reformed Church in North America, Protestant denomination that developed in the United States from a group that separated in 1857 from the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church (now the Reformed Church in America) and called itself the True Holland Reformed Church. It was strengthened in 1882

  • true indigo (plant)

    indigo: Some species, particularly true indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) and Natal indigo (I. arrecta), were once an important source of indigo dye. The cultivation of indigo plants and the extraction of the dyestuff were an important industry in India up to the beginning of the 20th century. Synthetic indigo, developed…

  • True Inspiration, Community of (religious group)

    Barbara Heinemann: spiritual leader of the Community of True Inspiration, also known as the Amana Colony.

  • True Intellectual System of the Universe: The First Part: Wherein All the Reason and Philosophy of Atheism Is Confuted and its Impossibility Demonstrated, The (work by Cudworth)

    Ralph Cudworth: Cudworth’s first major work, The True Intellectual System of the Universe: The First Part: Wherein All the Reason and Philosophy of Atheism Is Confuted and its Impossibility Demonstrated (1678), aroused considerable theological opposition. John Dryden characterized its impact in his comment that Cudworth “has raised such strong objections against…

  • True Jesus Church (Pentecostal church)

    new religious movement: China and Taiwan: …the Zhen Yesu Jiaohui (True Jesus Church), evolved as a result of the Pentecostal charismatic revivals (1900–20) in the United States. A second independent church was the Difang Hui (Local Church), founded in the 1930s by Watchman Nee, whose followers later spread the church to the United States.

  • true lancewood (plant)

    lancewood: True lancewood, Oxandra lanceolata, of the West Indies and Guianas, furnishes most of the lancewood of commerce in the form of spars about 13 feet (4 m) in length and 5 inches (13 cm) in diameter at the small end. Lancewood was formerly used by…

  • true lemming (rodent)

    lemming: Natural history: Collared and brown lemmings (Dicrostonyx and Lemmus) make nests on the tundra surface or beneath the snow. Breeding from spring to fall, females can produce up to 13 young after a gestation period of about 20 to 30 days.

  • true lemur (primate)

    lemur: Lemur diversity: The “true lemurs” (family Lemuridae) include five genera and about 18 species. The best known of these is the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), commonly seen in zoos. It is unique both in its habitat (some dry and rocky areas of Madagascar) and for its striped tail…

  • True Lies (film by Cameron [1994])

    Bill Paxton: …Cameron on the comedy thriller True Lies (1994) and on the blockbuster Titanic (1997), in which Paxton played a treasure hunter in a framing device for the main story. During this time he also starred with Tom Hanks and Kevin Bacon in Apollo 13 (1995), Ron Howard’s acclaimed drama about…

  • True Minds (poetry by Ponsot)

    Marie Ponsot: …and she released only one—True Minds (1957)—before 1981.

  • True Names of Birds, The (poetry by Goyette)

    Sue Goyette: Early work: Goyette’s first book of poetry, The True Names of Birds (1998), presents highly domestic scenes. Referring to children and parents, Goyette describes moments in their lives that, while sometimes rushed and routine, are ultimately grounded in a sense of wonder at the natural world:

  • true navigation (zoology)

    migration: Birds: …directed to a point, is true navigation, or goal orientation. Both types apparently are based on celestial bearings, which provide a navigational “grid.”

  • True Nichiren Sect (Buddhist sect)

    Buddhism: Nichiren: They developed the Nichiren-shu (Japanese: “School of Nichiren”), which still controls the main temple founded by Nichiren at Mount Minobu. One of his disciples, Nikkō, established the Nichiren shō-shū (Japanese: “True School of Nichiren”), which taught that Nichiren, not Shakyamuni, was the saviour and that the mandala painted…

  • True Path Party (political party, Turkey)

    Necmettin Erbakan: A centre-right coalition of the True Path (Do?ru Yol) and Motherland (Anavatan) parties then held power until internal disagreements brought it down in June. Erbakan was again asked to try to form a coalition, and this time, when Tansu ?iller, head of the True Path Party, agreed to join him,…

  • True Patriot: And the History of Our Own Times, The (British newspaper)

    Henry Fielding: Maturity.: …of a new weekly paper, The True Patriot: And the History of Our Own Times, which he wrote almost single-handedly until it ceased publication on the defeat of the Pretender at the Battle of Culloden (April 16, 1746). A year later, Fielding edited another one-man weekly called The Jacobite’s Journal,…

  • true polypody (fern genus)

    plant: Annotated classification: representative genera include Pteridium, Polypodium, Polystichum, Adiantum, and Cyathea. Class Equisetopsida (horsetails, scouring rushes) Vascular plants; sporophyte differentiated into stem, leaf, and root; stems ribbed and jointed,

  • true porcelain (pottery)

    porcelain: …of porcelain are true, or hard-paste, porcelain; artificial, or soft-paste, porcelain; and bone china. Porcelain was first made in China—in a primitive form during the Tang dynasty (618–907) and in the form best known in the West during the Yuan dynasty (1279–1368). This true, or hard-paste, porcelain was made from…

  • true prairie (ecology)

    prairie: Tallgrass prairie, sometimes called true prairie, is found in the eastern, more humid region of the prairie that borders deciduous forest. The rich soil is laced with the deep roots of sod-forming tallgrasses such as big bluestem and prairie cordgrass (see photograph), or slough grass,…

  • True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (work by Pugin)

    Western architecture: From the 19th to the early 20th century: In The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (1841) he first laid down firm principles for the Victorian Gothic Revival. Architecture, he held, should be honest in its expression. Every feature of a building should be essential to its proper functioning and construction, and every…

  • True Pure Land Buddhism (Pure Land sect)

    Shin, (Japanese: “True Pure Land sect”), the largest of the popular Japanese Buddhist Pure Land sects. See Pure Land

  • True Reformed Dutch Church (American church)

    Christian Reformed Church in North America: …1890 it united with the True Reformed Dutch Church of New York and New Jersey, which had been formed in 1822 by members who left the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church because of doctrinal disagreements. Also in 1890, the present name was adopted. The primary membership of the Christian Reformed Church,…

  • true reptile (reptile group)

    reptile: Annotated classification: Eureptilia (eureptiles) Late Pennsylvanian to present. Skull typically with temporal openings; prefrontal-palatine contact usually absent; supratemporal small. All taxa except for the captorhinids have diapsid skulls characterized by upper and lower temporal fenestrae. ?Family Captorhinidae (captorhinids)

  • true rib (anatomy)

    rib: …(whale) to 24 (sloth); of true ribs, from 3 to 10 pairs. In humans there are normally 12 pairs of ribs. The first seven pairs are attached directly to the sternum by costal cartilages and are called true ribs. The 8th, 9th, and 10th pairs—false ribs—do not join the sternum…

  • True Romance (film by Scott [1993])

    Patricia Arquette: …charming prostitute Alabama Whitman in True Romance (1993), written by Quentin Tarantino and directed by Tony Scott.

  • True Romances (American magazine)

    physical culture: Mass marketing: …which included True Story and True Romances, claimed 35 million readers.

  • true sandalwood (tree)

    sandalwood: …the true, or white, sandalwood, Santalum album. The approximately 10 species of Santalum are distributed throughout southeastern Asia and the islands of the South Pacific.

  • true scarab beetle (insect)

    Dung beetle, (subfamily Scarabaeinae), any of a group of beetles in the family Scarabaeidae (insect order Coleoptera) that forms manure into a ball using its scooperlike head and paddle-shaped antennae. In some species the ball of manure can be as large as an apple. In the early part of the summer

  • true screwworm (larva)

    blow fly: The true screwworm (Cochliomyia hominivorax; formerly, Callitroga americana) and the secondary screwworm (Callitroga macellaria) develop in decaying flesh in surface wounds of domestic animals and occasionally of humans, and the larvae may attack living tissue as well. Each female deposits about 200 to 400 eggs near…

  • true sea snake (reptile subfamily)

    sea snake: …two independently evolved groups: the true sea snakes (subfamily Hydrophiinae), which are related to Australian terrestrial elapids, and the sea kraits (subfamily Laticaudinae), which are related to the Asian cobras. Although their venom is the most potent of all snakes, human fatalities are rare because sea snakes are not aggressive,…

  • true seal (mammal)

    carnivore: (sea lions and fur seals), Phocidae (true, or earless, seals), and Odobenidae (the walrus). These aquatic families are referred to as pinnipeds.

  • true slime mold (protist phylum)

    Myxomycetes, phylum of funguslike organisms within the kingdom Protista, commonly known as true slime molds. They exhibit characteristics of both protozoans (one-celled microorganisms) and fungi. Distributed worldwide, they usually occur in decaying plant material. About 500 species have been d

  • True Sredna Mountains (mountains, Bulgaria)

    Sredna Mountains: …miles (68 km), lie the S?shtinska, or Sy?tinska (“True”), Sredna Mountains, which have a sharper spine of resistant, intrusive rocks. The maximum elevation in this section, 5,262 feet (1,604 m), is that of Bogdan, a peak 17 miles (27 km) west of the town of Karlovo. The Topolnitsa and Stryama…

  • True Stories (film by Byrne [1986])

    David Byrne: …and directed the offbeat film True Stories (1986), and his contributions to the score of The Last Emperor (1987) earned him an Academy Award. Also during the 1980s he provided music for two theatre works staged by director Robert Wilson.

  • True Story (film by Goold [2015])

    James Franco: Later movies: …convicted murderer Christian Longo in True Story. The film was based on a memoir by former New York Times reporter Michael Finkel (Jonah Hill), who formed a strange bond with Longo after the killer assumed his identity while attempting to evade arrest.

  • True Story (American magazine)

    physical culture: Mass marketing: …pulp publishing empire, which included True Story and True Romances, claimed 35 million readers.

  • True Story of Ah Q, The (work by Lu Xun)

    Chinese literature: May Fourth period: His “A-Q zhengzhuan” (1921; “The True Story of Ah Q”), a damning critique of early 20th-century conservatism in China, is the representative work of the May Fourth period and has become an international classic.

  • True Story of Jesse James, The (film by Ray [1957])

    Nicholas Ray: Films of the late 1950s: The True Story of Jesse James (1957), a retelling of the legend of the famous gunfighter with Robert Wagner and Jeffrey Hunter, drew mixed reviews.

  • True Story of the Events of the Conquest of New Spain (work by Díaz del Castillo)

    Bernal Díaz del Castillo: …sedentary historians, he wrote his Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva Espa?a (1632; “True History of the Conquest of New Spain”; Eng. trans. The True History of the Conquest of Mexico), insisting that, as actor and eyewitness, he was better situated to record the truth of the expeditions…

  • True Story of the Three Little Pigs!, The (work by Scieszka and Smith)

    Jon Scieszka: …the late 1980s to create The True Story of the Three Little Pigs!, a parody of the classic children’s tale, told from the perspective of the wolf, who believes he has been unjustly accused of wrongdoing. Several publishers rejected the work on the grounds that it was too sophisticated for…

  • true swift (bird)

    Swift, any of about 75 species of agile, fast-flying birds of the family Apodidae (sometimes Micropodidae), in the order Apodiformes, which also includes the hummingbirds. The family is divided into the subfamilies Apodinae, or soft-tailed swifts, and Chaeturinae, or spine-tailed swifts. Almost

  • true toad (amphibian)

    Anura: Annotated classification: Family Bufonidae (true toads) Paleocene (65.5 million–55.8 million years ago) to present; 5 to 8 presacral vertebrae; pectoral girdle arciferal or partly or even completely firmisternal; intercalary cartilages and omosternum absent; Bidder’s organ present; maxillary teeth present or absent; aquatic larvae, direct development, or live birth (Nectophrynoides…

  • true tortoise (reptile)

    Tortoise, (family Testudinidae), any member of the turtle family Testudinidae. Formerly, the term tortoise was used to refer to any terrestrial turtle. The testudinids are easily recognized because all share a unique hind-limb anatomy made up of elephantine (or cylindrical) hind limbs and hind

  • True Travels, Adventures, and Observations of Captain John Smith in Europe, Asia, Africa, The (work by Smith)

    John Smith: …the Summer Isles (1624); and The True Travels, Adventures, and Observations of Captain John Smith in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America (1630). The Mayflower colonists of 1620 brought his books and maps with them to Massachusetts. Smith died of an unrecorded illness midway through 1631, at age 51, in the…

  • true tree frog (amphibian, family Hylidae)

    Anura: Annotated classification: Family Hylidae (tree frogs) Miocene (23 million–5.3 million years ago) to present; 8 presacral vertebrae; pectoral girdle arciferal; intercalary cartilages present; omosternum absent; Bidder’s organ absent; maxillary teeth usually present; terminal phalanges claw-shaped; astragalus and calcaneum not fused; aquatic larvae or direct development; 37 genera and…

  • True Type (font-scaling program)

    Adobe Inc.: Font wars: …technology of its own, called TrueType. For more than a year the dispute, known as the font wars, roiled the computer and publishing worlds before Apple and Adobe reached a compromise. In the wake of the agreement, Microsoft abandoned its PostScript clone and adopted TrueType for its Windows operating systems.

  • true vocal cord (anatomy)

    Vocal cord, either of two folds of mucous membrane that extend across the interior cavity of the larynx and are primarily responsible for voice production. Sound is produced by the vibration of the folds in response to the passage between them of air exhaled from the lungs. The frequency of these

  • True Voice of Feeling: Studies in English Romantic Poetry, The (work by Read)

    Sir Herbert Read: His book The True Voice of Feeling: Studies in English Romantic Poetry (1953) revived the reputation of the Romantic poets. Read’s views on the role of art in education were highly influential. He occupied his later years writing, teaching, and working in publishing, and he was knighted…

  • true water beetle (insect)

    Predaceous diving beetle, (family Dytiscidae), any of more than 4,000 species of carnivorous, aquatic beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that prey on organisms ranging from other insects to fish larger than themselves. Diving beetles are oval and flat and range in length from 1.5 mm to more than 35

  • True Way, School of (Chinese philosophy)

    Lu Jiuyuan: …the Learning of Principle (lixue), often called the Cheng-Zhu school after its leading philosophers, Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi.

  • True West (play by Shepard)

    True West, drama in two acts by Sam Shepard, produced in 1980 and published in 1981. The play concerns the struggle for power between two brothers—Lee, a drifter and petty thief, and Austin, a successful screenwriter—while they collaborate on a screenplay in their mother’s southern California home.

  • True Whig Party (political party, Liberia)

    William V. S. Tubman: …leadership of his party (the True Whig) proceeded to “kick him upstairs” to the Supreme Court, where he served as an associate justice until 1943. Then he unexpectedly announced his candidacy for the presidency. He won handily in the ensuing election and six times thereafter. In June 1944 Tubman and…

  • true wild ass (mammal)

    ass: …horse family, Equidae, especially the African wild ass (Equus africanus) sometimes referred to as the true ass. The related Asiatic wild ass, sometimes called the Asian wild ass or the half-ass (E. hemionus), is usually known by the local names of its various races: e.g., kulan (E. hemionus kulan, Mongolia)…

  • true yeast (subphylum of fungi)

    fungus: Annotated classification: Subphylum Saccharomycotina (true yeasts) Saprotrophic on plants and animals, including humans, occasionally pathogenic in plants and humans; unicellular; found in short chains; asexual reproduction by budding or fission; contains common yeasts that are relevant to industry (e.g., baking and brewing) and that cause common infections in…

  • True’s porpoise (mammal)

    porpoise: True’s porpoise (P. dalli truei) is considered by some authorities to be a separate subspecies and is distinguished from the Dall porpoise by its absence of the striking white body patches. It is found only near Japan.

  • True-Born Englishman, The (poem by Defoe)

    Daniel Defoe: Mature life and works.: …his vigorous and witty poem The True-Born Englishman, an enormously popular work that is still very readable and relevant in its exposure of the fallacies of racial prejudice. Defoe was clearly proud of this work, because he sometimes designated himself “Author of ‘The True-Born Englishman’” in later works.

  • True-Life Adventures (film series)

    Walt Disney: Major films and television productions: One popular series, called True-Life Adventures, featured nature-based motion pictures such as Seal Island (1948), Beaver Valley (1950), and The Living Desert (1953). The Disney studio also began making full-length animation romances, such as Cinderella (1950), Alice in Wonderland (1951), and Peter Pan (1953), and produced low-budget, live-action films,…

  • Trueba, Fernando (Spanish producer, director, and writer)
  • Trueman, Frederick Sewards (British cricketer)

    Frederick Sewards Trueman, (“Fiery Fred”), British cricketer (born Feb. 6, 1931, Stainton, Yorkshire, Eng.—died July 1, 2006, Steeton, Keighley, West Yorkshire, Eng.), was one of the most effective fast bowlers of his era and was the first bowler to take 300 wickets in Test cricket, a feat that h

  • TrueType (font-scaling program)

    Adobe Inc.: Font wars: …technology of its own, called TrueType. For more than a year the dispute, known as the font wars, roiled the computer and publishing worlds before Apple and Adobe reached a compromise. In the wake of the agreement, Microsoft abandoned its PostScript clone and adopted TrueType for its Windows operating systems.

  • Truffaut, Fran?ois (French director)

    Fran?ois Truffaut, French film critic, director, and producer whose attacks on established filmmaking techniques both paved the way for and pioneered the movement known as the Nouvelle Vague (New Wave). Truffaut was born into a working-class home. His own troubled childhood provided the inspiration

  • truffle (fungus)

    Truffle, edible subterranean fungus, prized as a food delicacy from Classical times. Truffles are in the genus Tuber, order Pezizales (phylum Ascomycota, kingdom Fungi). They are native mainly to temperate regions. The different species range in size from that of a pea to that of an orange. A

  • Truganini (Tasmanian Aboriginal)

    Tasmanian Aboriginal people: The death in 1876 of Truganini, a Tasmanian Aboriginal woman who had aided the resettlement on Flinders Island, gave rise to the widely propagated myth that the Aboriginal people of Tasmania had become extinct.

  • truing (materials technology)

    abrasive: Truing, grading, and testing: Nearly all grinding wheels must be finished after they have been baked or fired. In a process called truing, the wheels are cut to final size, and the outside glazed layers resulting from the kiln are removed, making the sides of…

  • Truisms (work by Holzer)

    Jenny Holzer: …cultural theory culminated in the Truisms series (1977–79). The works, composed of seemingly familiar slogans such as “Abuse of power comes as no surprise,” were originally presented by Holzer as phrases on anonymous posters and were later presented on T-shirts, billboards, and electronic signs. These texts, fraught with cynicism and…

  • Truitte, James (American dancer)

    James Truitte, U.S. lead dancer with the companies of Lester Horton and Alvin Ailey who promoted and taught Horton’s technique and choreography (b. 1923--d. Aug. 21,

  • Trujillo (state, Venezuela)

    Trujillo, estado (state), northwestern Venezuela. It is bounded on the west by Lake Maracaibo and by the states of Portuguesa on the east, Mérida on the southwest, Barinas on the south, and Zulia on the north. Covered with mountains over most of its area, Trujillo is one of the truly Andean states

  • Trujillo (Honduras)

    Trujillo, city, northeastern Honduras, on Trujillo Bay, sheltered from the Caribbean Sea by Cape Honduras. Founded in 1524, the historic city was the first capital of the Spanish colonial province of Honduras, flourishing especially in the early 17th century. In 1531 it was made a bishop’s see, but

  • Trujillo (Peru)

    Trujillo, city, Peru, lying in the coastal desert, 343 miles (552 km) north-northwest of Lima. The second oldest Spanish city in Peru, Trujillo was founded in 1534 by Diego Almagro; the following year it was elevated to city status by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro, who named it after his

  • Trujillo (Spain)

    Trujillo, town, Cáceres provincia (province), in the Extremadura comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), western Spain, on the Tozo River, a tributary of the Tagus River. It is sited on a hill 25 miles (40 km) east of the provincial capital Cáceres. Trujillo was a town of importance in the

  • Trujillo (Venezuela)

    Trujillo, city, capital of Trujillo estado (state), northwestern Venezuela. The city lies on a northern outlier of the Cordillera de Mérida, 2,640 feet (805 m) above sea level. Founded in 1556, Trujillo was the site of the 1813 proclamation by the liberator Simón Bolívar, which promised a “fight to

  • Trujillo Bajo (Puerto Rico)

    Carolina, town, northeastern Puerto Rico. Part of metropolitan San Juan, it is located about 12 miles (19 km) east of the capital, on the banks of the Loíza River just above its marshy lowlands near the coast. The town was in 1816 constituted a pueblo, named Trujillo Bajo. In 1857 the barrios

  • Trujillo Molina, Rafael Leónidas (president of Dominican Republic)

    Rafael Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic from 1930 until his assassination in 1961. Trujillo entered the Dominican army in 1918 and was trained by U.S. Marines during the U.S. occupation (1916–24) of the country. He rose from lieutenant to commanding colonel of the national police

  • Trujillo Peak (mountain, Dominican Republic)

    Cordillera Central: Duarte Peak, originally known as Mount Loma Tina and then as Trujillo Peak, rises to 10,417 feet (3,175 m); it is thus the highest peak in the West Indies. The rugged, heavily forested slopes of the cordillera have defied all but a few attempts to…

  • Trujillo, Rafael (president of Dominican Republic)

    Rafael Trujillo, dictator of the Dominican Republic from 1930 until his assassination in 1961. Trujillo entered the Dominican army in 1918 and was trained by U.S. Marines during the U.S. occupation (1916–24) of the country. He rose from lieutenant to commanding colonel of the national police

  • Truk Islands (islands, Micronesia)

    Chuuk Islands, cluster of 16 much-eroded high volcanic islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, western Pacific Ocean. The name Chuuk means “high mountains” in the Chuukese language, one of several Malayo-Polynesian languages that are used in the islands. The Chuuk Islands, which form part of

  • Trullan Synod (Christianity)

    Quinisext Council, council that was convened in 692 by the Byzantine emperor Justinian II to issue disciplinary decrees related to the second and third councils of Constantinople (held in 553 and 680–681). They were the fifth and sixth ecumenical councils—hence the name Quinisext. The two

  • trulli (architecture)

    Trullo, conical, stone-roofed building unique to the regione of Puglia (Apulia) in southeastern Italy and especially to the town of Alberobello, where they are used as dwellings. Upon a whitewashed cylindrical wall, circles of gray stone, held in place by lateral opposition and gravity and without

  • trullo (architecture)

    Trullo, conical, stone-roofed building unique to the regione of Puglia (Apulia) in southeastern Italy and especially to the town of Alberobello, where they are used as dwellings. Upon a whitewashed cylindrical wall, circles of gray stone, held in place by lateral opposition and gravity and without

  • Trullo, Council in (Christianity)

    Quinisext Council, council that was convened in 692 by the Byzantine emperor Justinian II to issue disciplinary decrees related to the second and third councils of Constantinople (held in 553 and 680–681). They were the fifth and sixth ecumenical councils—hence the name Quinisext. The two

  • Trulock, Camilo José Cela (Spanish writer)

    Camilo José Cela, Spanish writer who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1989. He is perhaps best known for his novel La familia de Pascual Duarte (1942; The Family of Pascual Duarte) and is considered to have given new life to Spanish literature. His literary production—primarily novels, short

  • Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy, The (work by Wilson)

    sociology: Social stratification: …by William Julius Wilson in The Truly Disadvantaged (1987). His book uncovered mechanisms that maintained segregation and disorganization in African American communities. Disciplinary specialization, especially in the areas of gender, race, and Marxism, came to dominate sociological inquiry.

  • Truly Married Woman, and Other Stories, The (work by Nicol)

    Davidson Nicol: …African Tales (1965) and The Truly Married Woman, and Other Stories (1965), under the name Abioseh Nicol. They centre upon life in the government service and upon the interaction of Africans with colonial administrators in preindependent Sierra Leone. His short stories and poems appeared in anthologies and journals. He also…

  • Truman Committee (United States history)

    Harry S. Truman: Early life and career: …the nation for war, the Truman Committee (officially the Special Committee Investigating National Defense) exposed graft and deficiencies in production. The committee made it a practice to issue draft reports of its findings to corporations, unions, and government agencies under investigation, allowing for the correction of abuses before formal action…

  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine, pronouncement by U.S. Pres. Harry S. Truman declaring immediate economic and military aid to the governments of Greece, threatened by communist insurrection, and Turkey, under pressure from Soviet expansion in the Mediterranean area. As the United States and the Soviet Union

  • Truman Show, The (film by Weir [1998])

    Peter Weir: …preparatory school in the 1950s, The Truman Show (1998), a fable about the tyranny of the media, and Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003), a seafaring epic based on the series by Patrick O’Brian and cowritten by Weir; the movies all earned Weir Oscar nominations for…

  • Truman State University (university, Kirksville, Missouri, United States)

    Truman State University, public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Kirksville, Mo., U.S. It is designated the state’s public liberal arts and sciences institution. The university comprises 10 divisions and offers a range of undergraduate studies and master’s degree programs. Students

  • Truman’s decision to use the bomb

    Less than two weeks after being sworn in as president, Harry S. Truman received a long report from Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson. “Within four months,” it began, “we shall in all probability have completed the most terrible weapon ever known in human history.” Truman’s decision to use the

  • Truman, Bess (American first lady)

    Bess Truman, American first lady (1945–53), the wife of Harry S. Truman, 33rd president of the United States. Bess Wallace, the daughter of David Wallace, a local politician, and Margaret Gates Wallace, came from one of the wealthiest and most prominent families in Independence, Missouri. Like her

  • Truman, Christine (British tennis player)

    Maria Bueno: …captured the Australian Open with Christine Truman, but the others were won with Darlene Hard. Adding to her titles in 1960, she also won the mixed doubles (with Bob Howe) at the French Open.

  • Truman, Harry S. (president of United States)

    Harry S. Truman, 33rd president of the United States (1945–53), who led his country through the final stages of World War II and through the early years of the Cold War, vigorously opposing Soviet expansionism in Europe and sending U.S. forces to turn back a communist invasion of South Korea.

  • Truman, Margaret (American writer)

    Margaret Truman, (Mary Margaret Truman Daniel), American writer (born Feb. 17, 1924, Independence, Mo.—died Jan. 29, 2008, Chicago, Ill.), was the illustrious only daughter of U.S. Pres. Harry S. Truman and first lady Bess Truman and carved a literary niche for herself as her parents’ biographer

  • Trumbauer, Frank (American musician)

    Bix Beiderbecke: …Missouri, in 1926, Beiderbecke joined Frank Trumbauer, with whom he maintained a close friendship for most of the rest of his life. The two played in the Jean Goldkette band (1927) and in Paul Whiteman’s outstanding pop music orchestra (1928–30), in which Beiderbecke was a featured soloist. Severe alcoholism disrupted…

  • Trumbi?, Ante (Croatian political leader)

    Ante Trumbi?, Croatian nationalist from Dalmatia who played a leading role in the founding of Yugoslavia. Trumbi? entered political life under the Austrian crown, first as a member of the Dalmatian Diet from 1895 and then as representative in the Reichsrat (federal assembly) in Vienna from 1897. In

  • Trumbo (film by Roach [2015])

    Bryan Cranston: …Dalton Trumbo in the biopic Trumbo (2015), and the performance earned Cranston his first Academy Award nomination. In The Infiltrator (2016), Cranston played real-life undercover federal agent Robert Mazur, who, in the 1980s, impersonated a money-laundering businessman in a sting operation that traced enormous sums of money back to Colombian…

  • Trumbo, Dalton (American author)

    Dalton Trumbo, American screenwriter and novelist who was probably the most talented member of the Hollywood Ten, a group who refused to testify before the 1947 U.S. House Committee on Un-American Activities about alleged communist involvement. He was blacklisted and in 1950 spent 11 months in

  • Trumbull, John (American painter)

    John Trumbull, American painter, architect, and author, whose paintings of major episodes in the American Revolution form a unique record of that conflict’s events and participants. Trumbull was the son of the Connecticut governor Jonathan Trumbull (a first cousin to the poet John Trumbull). A

  • Trumbull, John (American poet)

    John Trumbull, American poet and jurist, known for his political satire, and a leader of the Hartford Wits). While a student at Yale College (now Yale University), Trumbull wrote two kinds of poetry: “correct” but undistinguished elegies of the Neoclassical school, and brilliant, comic verse that

  • Trumbull, Jonathan (American politician)

    Lebanon: The home of Jonathan Trumbull (1740), American Revolutionary governor of Connecticut, is preserved in Lebanon, and the Revolutionary War office (1727), which served as the governor’s headquarters from which Connecticut’s war effort was directed, is now a museum. Agriculture is the mainstay of the town’s economy. Area 54…

  • Trumbull, Lyman (United States senator)

    Lyman Trumbull, U.S. senator from Illinois whose independent views during the Civil War and Reconstruction eras caused him to switch from the Democratic Party to the Republican to the Liberal Republican and back to the Democratic Party in his long political career. Trumbull grew up in Connecticut,

  • Trumka, Richard (American labour leader)

    John Sweeney: …president; he was succeeded by Richard Trumka. Two years later Sweeney was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

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