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  • Troyanos, Tatiana (American singer)

    Tatiana Troyanos, U.S. mezzo-soprano (born Sept. 12, 1938, New York, N.Y.—died Aug. 21, 1993, New York), was renowned for her dark, warm, emotional voice; also a skilled actress, she had a wide repertoire, much of which she recorded. Troyanos first studied piano before an interest in singing d

  • Troyat, Henri (French author)

    Henri Troyat, (Lev Aslanovich Tarasov), Russian-born French writer (born Nov. 1, 1911 , Moscow, Russia—died March 4, 2007, Paris, France), was admired by legions of enthralled readers for his clear, lucid style and rich historical detail in his more than 100 literary works, including novels,

  • Troyens, Les (opera by Berlioz)

    Hector Berlioz: Mature career: …I: the massive two-part drama Les Troyens (1855–58), based on Virgil’s story of Dido and Aeneas, and the short, witty comedy Béatrice et Bénédict, written between 1860 and 1862 and based on Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing. For all these Berlioz wrote his own librettos. He also wrote a Te…

  • Troyes (France)

    Troyes, town, capital of Aube département, Grand Est région, northeastern France. It is located southeast of Paris and directly south of Reims. The town was the historical capital of Champagne. Before Julius Caesar’s conquest, Troyes was already a town of the Gauls. Under the Roman emperor

  • Troyes, Council of (French history)

    Louis II: At a council at Troyes in 878, the Pope attempted to force Louis to take up the role of defender of the papacy, but Louis refused. Louis and his cousin Louis the Younger, ruler of the East Frankish kingdom, agreed to maintain the division of Lotharingia that their respective…

  • Troyes, Treaty of (England-France [1420])

    United Kingdom: The French war: In 1420 in the Treaty of Troyes it was agreed that Henry would marry Catherine, Charles VI’s daughter. He was to be heir to the French throne, and that throne was to descend to his heirs in perpetuity. But Charles VI’s son, the Dauphin, was not a party to…

  • troyestrochnoye peniye (Russian chant form)

    Russian chant: …indigenous polyphonic repertoire known as troyestrochnoye peniye (“three-line singing”) arose about this time. It consisted of a traditional chant in the middle voice, accompanied by a newly composed descant and bass. By Western standards, these harmonizations are very dissonant.

  • Troyon, Constant (French artist)

    Barbizon school: Constant Troyon, all of whom had had indifferent success in Paris.

  • TRP channel (biology)

    Transient receptor potential channel, superfamily of ion channels occurring in cell membranes that are involved in various types of sensory reception, including thermoreception, chemoreception, mechanoreception, and photoreception. TRP channels were discovered in the late 1970s and early 1980s on

  • TRPA (subfamily A) (biochemistry)

    thermoreception: Study of thermoreceptors: …channels known as TRPM (melastatin), TRPA (subfamily A), and TRPV (vanilloid) can respond to changes in temperature, with TRPM and TRPA known to respond to cold and TRPV known to respond to warmth, noxious heat, and protons. TRPV channels have been identified on sensory neurons and on epithelial cells, and…

  • TRPM (melastatin) (biochemistry)

    thermoreception: Study of thermoreceptors: For example, channels known as TRPM (melastatin), TRPA (subfamily A), and TRPV (vanilloid) can respond to changes in temperature, with TRPM and TRPA known to respond to cold and TRPV known to respond to warmth, noxious heat, and protons. TRPV channels have been identified on sensory neurons and on epithelial…

  • TRPV (vanilloid) (biochemistry)

    thermoreception: Study of thermoreceptors: …(melastatin), TRPA (subfamily A), and TRPV (vanilloid) can respond to changes in temperature, with TRPM and TRPA known to respond to cold and TRPV known to respond to warmth, noxious heat, and protons. TRPV channels have been identified on sensory neurons and on epithelial cells, and TRPM channels are primarily…

  • TRS (political party, India)

    Telangana: History: …to the establishment of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) in 2001, a political party dedicated to creating the new state. Years of discussions followed, particularly on the disposition of Hyderabad, by far the most populous and economically important city in Andhra Pradesh. Ultimately, it was agreed that Hyderabad would serve…

  • TRS-80 (computer)

    computer: Commodore and Tandy enter the field: …the market with its own TRS-80 microcomputer, which came with four kilobytes of memory, a Z80 microprocessor, a BASIC programming language, and cassettes for data storage. To cut costs, the machine was built without the ability to type lowercase letters. Thanks to Tandy’s chain of stores and the breakthrough price…

  • trsna (Buddhism)

    Ta?hā, (Pāli), in the Buddhist chain of dependent origination, the thirst that leads to attachment. See

  • Trst (Italy)

    Trieste, city and capital of Friuli-Venezia Giulia regione and of Trieste provincia, northeastern Italy, located on the Gulf of Trieste at the northeastern corner of the Adriatic Sea 90 miles (145 km) east of Venice. It was under Roman control by about 177 bc; Julius Caesar made it a colony and

  • TRT (political party, Thailand)

    Thailand: Thaksin Shinawatra: …held in January 2001 the Thai Rak Thai (TRT; “Thais Love Thais”) party, created in 1995, became dominant, and its founding leader, Thaksin Shinawatra, moved to the centre of Thai politics. Thaksin exemplified the new politician of the post-1992 period. A Sino-Thai from Chiang Mai in the north, he cultivated…

  • Truago (Michigan, United States)

    Trenton, city, southwestern suburb of Detroit, Wayne county, southeastern Michigan, U.S. It lies along the Detroit River, opposite Grosse Ile. The site of the Battle of Monguagon during the War of 1812, it was settled by Maj. Abram Caleb Truax in 1816. It was laid out as Truaxton in 1834 and was

  • Truax, Robert Collins (American rocket scientist)

    Robert Collins Truax, American rocket scientist (born Sept. 3, 1916, Gary, Ind.—died Sept. 17, 2010, Valley Center, Calif.), contributed to significant advances in aerospace engineering. As a teenager, Truax built rockets with gunpowder. He pursued his interest at the U.S. Naval Academy, where he

  • Truaxton (Michigan, United States)

    Trenton, city, southwestern suburb of Detroit, Wayne county, southeastern Michigan, U.S. It lies along the Detroit River, opposite Grosse Ile. The site of the Battle of Monguagon during the War of 1812, it was settled by Maj. Abram Caleb Truax in 1816. It was laid out as Truaxton in 1834 and was

  • trub (protein)

    beer: Heating and cooling: …(known as hot break, or trub). Trub and spent hops are then removed in a separator where the hop cones form the filter bed. In modern practice a more rapid whirlpool separator is also used. This device is a cylindrical vessel into which wort is pumped at a tangent, the…

  • Trubar, Primo? (Slovene writer)

    Slovene literature: …evinced a clear national consciousness: Primo? Trubar, who wrote the first Slovene book (1550), Jurij Dalmatin, who translated the Bible into Slovene (1584), and Adam Bohori?, who established a Slovene orthography and analyzed Slovene grammar (1584), created, with others, a corpus of writings in Slovene that even the Counter-Reformation, which…

  • Trubetskoy family (Russian family)

    Trubetskoy Family, Russian noble family of considerable influence in the 19th century. One of its members, Sergey Petrovich (1790–1860) was a prominent Decembrist and one of the organizers of the movement. Close to N.M. Muravyov in his views, he was declared the group’s leader on the eve of the

  • Trubetskoy, Evgeny Nikolayevich (Russian scholar)

    Trubetskoy Family: …philosophical studies, and his brother Evgeny Nikolayevich (1863–1920), also a religious philosopher and a follower of V.S. Solovyov. The linguist Nikolay Sergeyevich Trubetskoy (q.v.; 1890–1938) was the son of S.N. Trubetskoy.

  • Trubetskoy, Nikolay Sergeyevich (Russian linguist)

    Nikolay Sergeyevich Trubetskoy, Slavic linguist at the centre of the Prague school of linguistics, noted as the author of its most important work on phonology, Grundzüge der Phonologie (1939; “Principles of Phonology”). Influenced by Ferdinand de Saussure and in turn influencing Roman Jakobson,

  • Trubetskoy, Sergey Nikolayevich (Russian philosopher)

    Trubetskoy Family: Other prominent family members are Sergey Nikolayevich (1862–1905), a religious philosopher and publicist, the editor of a philosophical journal, and the author of several historical and philosophical studies, and his brother Evgeny Nikolayevich (1863–1920), also a religious philosopher and a follower of V.S. Solovyov. The linguist Nikolay Sergeyevich Trubetskoy (q.v.;…

  • Trubetskoy, Sergey Petrovich (Russian political leader)

    Trubetskoy Family: One of its members, Sergey Petrovich (1790–1860) was a prominent Decembrist and one of the organizers of the movement. Close to N.M. Muravyov in his views, he was declared the group’s leader on the eve of the December 14 uprising in 1825 but failed to appear. He was consequently…

  • Trubetzkoy, Nikolaj Sergejevi? (Russian linguist)

    Nikolay Sergeyevich Trubetskoy, Slavic linguist at the centre of the Prague school of linguistics, noted as the author of its most important work on phonology, Grundzüge der Phonologie (1939; “Principles of Phonology”). Influenced by Ferdinand de Saussure and in turn influencing Roman Jakobson,

  • truce (war)

    armistice: …hostilities—called a local armistice or truce—established for a variety of specific purposes, such as collecting the dead. Or it may involve a general armistice (i.e., a total cessation of all hostilities) such as the French armistice agreement of 1940. Although a total cessation may appear to be tantamount to a…

  • Truce, The (work by Benedetti)

    Mario Benedetti: His novel La tregua (1960; The Truce) was widely read, as was his allegorical novel El cumplea?os de Juan Angel (1971; Juan Angel’s Birthday). Benedetti had the misfortune of peaking as a writer at the same time as Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Mario Vargas Llosa, and others who brought…

  • Truce-Smiles rearrangement (chemistry)

    organosulfur compound: Reactions: …the Ramberg-B?cklund reaction and the Truce-Smiles rearrangement.

  • Truceless War (237-233 bc)

    Hamilcar Barca: …is known as the “Mercenaries’ War” (or “Truceless War”). Hamilcar raised an army of 10,000 with Rome’s cooperation and battled the rebels for four years before recapturing his provinces in north Africa. Seizing upon Carthage’s weakness, Rome took the islands of Sardinia and Corsica, and, when an enraged Hamilcar…

  • Truchas Peak (mountain, New Mexico, United States)

    New Mexico: Relief: … (13,161 feet [4,011 metres]) and Truchas Peak (13,103 feet [3,994 metres]), are in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in the north-central part of the state. The lowest elevation, 2,842 feet (866 metres), lies along Red Bluff Lake in the southeastern corner of the state.

  • Trucial Coast

    United Arab Emirates, federation of seven emirates along the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. The largest of these emirates, Abu Dhabi (Abū ?aby), which comprises more than three-fourths of the federation’s total land area, is the centre of its oil industry and borders Saudi Arabia on the

  • Trucial Oman

    United Arab Emirates, federation of seven emirates along the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. The largest of these emirates, Abu Dhabi (Abū ?aby), which comprises more than three-fourths of the federation’s total land area, is the centre of its oil industry and borders Saudi Arabia on the

  • Trucial Sheikhdoms

    United Arab Emirates, federation of seven emirates along the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. The largest of these emirates, Abu Dhabi (Abū ?aby), which comprises more than three-fourths of the federation’s total land area, is the centre of its oil industry and borders Saudi Arabia on the

  • Trucial States

    United Arab Emirates, federation of seven emirates along the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. The largest of these emirates, Abu Dhabi (Abū ?aby), which comprises more than three-fourths of the federation’s total land area, is the centre of its oil industry and borders Saudi Arabia on the

  • Trucioli (work by Sbarbaro)

    Italian literature: The Hermetic movement: >Trucioli [1920; “Shavings”]), cultivated a style purified of unessential elements. Out of those efforts grew a poetry combining the acoustic potentialities of words with emotional restraint and consisting mainly of fragmentary utterances in which words were enhanced by contextual isolation and disruption of syntactic and…

  • truck (vehicle)

    Truck, any motor vehicle designed to carry freight or goods or to perform special services such as fire fighting. The truck was derived from horse-driven wagon technology, and some of the pioneer manufacturers came from the wagon business. Because of a well-developed system of roads and highways in

  • truck (railway mechanics)

    railroad: The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad: …track, and a swiveling leading truck guided them into tight curves. On the Camden and Amboy Railroad, another pioneering line, the engineer John Jervis invented the T- cross-section rail that greatly cheapened and simplified the laying of track when combined with the wooden crosstie also first introduced in the United…

  • truck crane

    crane: …small movable crane is the truck crane, which is a crane mounted on a heavy, modified truck. Such cranes frequently use unsupported telescoping booms; these are made up of collapsible sections that can be extended outward like the sections of an old nautical telescope or spyglass. The extension of the…

  • truck farming (horticulture)

    Dominican Republic: Ethnicity: …small group of Japanese developed truck farming in the Constanza River valley before World War II, and their descendants are now found throughout the republic. Intermarriage among all these groups has blurred, but not erased, their ethnic origins.

  • truck jobber (business)

    marketing: Limited-service wholesalers: Truck wholesalers or jobbers sell and deliver directly from their vehicles, often for cash. They carry a limited line of semiperishables such as milk, bread, and snack foods. Drop shippers do not carry inventory or handle the merchandise. Operating primarily in bulk industries such as…

  • truck wholesaler (business)

    marketing: Limited-service wholesalers: Truck wholesalers or jobbers sell and deliver directly from their vehicles, often for cash. They carry a limited line of semiperishables such as milk, bread, and snack foods. Drop shippers do not carry inventory or handle the merchandise. Operating primarily in bulk industries such as…

  • truck, industrial

    Industrial truck, carrier designed to transport materials within a factory area with maximum flexibility in making moves. Most industrial trucks permit mechanized pickup and deposit of the loads, eliminating manual work in lifting as well as transporting. Depending on their means of locomotion,

  • trucking (cinematography)

    history of the motion picture: D.W. Griffith: …he would prominently employ the tracking, or traveling, shot, in which the camera—and therefore the audience—participates in the dramatic action by moving with it. In California, Griffith discovered that camera angle could be used to comment upon the content of a shot or to heighten its dramatic emphasis in a…

  • truckle bed (furniture)

    Trundle bed, a low bed, so called from the trundles, or casters, that were attached to the feet so that it could be pushed under the master bed when it was not in use. The bed was intended for servants, who used to sleep in their employer’s room so as to be near at hand. The framework was generally

  • Trucks, Butch (American musician)

    Butch Trucks, (Claude Hudson Trucks), American drummer (born May 11, 1947, Jacksonville, Fla.—died Jan. 24, 2017, West Palm Beach, Fla.), was a founding member of the Southern rock group the Allman Brothers Band, providing straight-ahead power percussion that gave the band’s second drummer, Jaimoe

  • Trucks, Claude Hudson, Jr. (American musician)

    Butch Trucks, (Claude Hudson Trucks), American drummer (born May 11, 1947, Jacksonville, Fla.—died Jan. 24, 2017, West Palm Beach, Fla.), was a founding member of the Southern rock group the Allman Brothers Band, providing straight-ahead power percussion that gave the band’s second drummer, Jaimoe

  • Trucks, Virgil (American baseball player)

    Virgil Oliver Trucks, (“Fire”), American baseball player (born April 26, 1917, near Birmingham, Ala.—died March 23, 2013, Alabaster, Ala.), was noted for the velocity of his blistering fastball during his 17-year Major League Baseball career; in later years, as his fastball slowed, the right-hander

  • Trucks, Virgil Oliver (American baseball player)

    Virgil Oliver Trucks, (“Fire”), American baseball player (born April 26, 1917, near Birmingham, Ala.—died March 23, 2013, Alabaster, Ala.), was noted for the velocity of his blistering fastball during his 17-year Major League Baseball career; in later years, as his fastball slowed, the right-hander

  • Trudeau, Garretson Beekman (American satirist)

    Garry Trudeau, American satirist whose literate, sophisticated comic strip Doonesbury reflected social and political life in the United States during the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Born into a wealthy family, Trudeau attended Yale University, receiving a Master of Fine Arts degree in 1970.

  • Trudeau, Garry (American satirist)

    Garry Trudeau, American satirist whose literate, sophisticated comic strip Doonesbury reflected social and political life in the United States during the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Born into a wealthy family, Trudeau attended Yale University, receiving a Master of Fine Arts degree in 1970.

  • Trudeau, Justin (prime minister of Canada)

    Justin Trudeau, Canadian politician, prime minister of Canada (2015– ), leader of the Liberal Party (2013– ), and son of four-term prime minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau. Justin Trudeau’s Christmas-night birth to Canada’s first couple was the opening act in a life lived largely in the public eye.

  • Trudeau, Justin Pierre James (prime minister of Canada)

    Justin Trudeau, Canadian politician, prime minister of Canada (2015– ), leader of the Liberal Party (2013– ), and son of four-term prime minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau. Justin Trudeau’s Christmas-night birth to Canada’s first couple was the opening act in a life lived largely in the public eye.

  • Trudeau, Margaret (Canadian author)

    Justin Trudeau: Early life and start in politics: …parents divorced, and his mother, Margaret (29 years younger than her husband, daughter of Liberal MP James Sinclair, and target of rumours that she had had romances with rock stars and other celebrities), moved out. As a result, Trudeau and his two younger brothers were raised by a single father…

  • Trudeau, Pierre Elliott (prime minister of Canada)

    Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Liberal politician and prime minister of Canada (1968–79; 1980–84). His terms in office were marked by the establishment of diplomatic relations with China (1970) and improved relations with France, the defeat of the French separatist movement, constitutional independence

  • Trudoviki (Russian political group)

    Russia: The State Duma: The next largest caucus, the Labour Group (Trudoviki), included a large number of peasants and some socialists who had ignored their comrades’ boycott. The two parties demanded amnesty for political prisoners, equal rights for Jews, autonomy for Poland, and—most important of all—expropriation of landed estates for the peasants. These demands…

  • True Afrikaners, Association of (South African literary organization)

    South African literature: In Afrikaans: …nationally conscious men established the Association of True Afrikaners, which eventually published the first newspaper, the first magazine, and the first literary texts in Afrikaans. The leader of the so-called First Afrikaans Language Movement was S.J. du Toit, a Dutch Reformed pastor and a versatile and prolific author. The writings…

  • true alkanet (plant)

    alkanet: True alkanet (A. officinalis), also known as common bugloss, bears purple flowers in coiled sprays on narrow-leaved plants, 60 cm (2 feet) tall. Large blue alkanet (A. azurea), or Italian bugloss, is popular as a garden species and reaches 120 cm (4 feet) with narrow…

  • true aloe (plant)

    Aloe: …popular potted plant known as true aloe (Aloe vera), is used as an ingredient in cosmetics and in medicine as a purgative and as a treatment for burns.

  • true anomaly (astronomy)

    anomaly: True anomaly is the angle, V, between lines drawn from the centre of mass (near the centre of the Sun, S), to a planet P, and to the perihelion point B, where the planet comes closest to the Sun. The mean anomaly is the angle…

  • True Artist Helps the World by Revealing Mystic Truths, The (work by Nauman)

    Bruce Nauman: The True Artist Helps the World by Revealing Mystic Truths (1967) sets those words in a spiral made of neon, revealing the wistful and subtle irony often encountered in his work, as the text’s optimism and sense of cultural continuity is undermined by the implications…

  • true ass (mammal)

    ass: …horse family, Equidae, especially the African wild ass (Equus africanus) sometimes referred to as the true ass. The related Asiatic wild ass, sometimes called the Asian wild ass or the half-ass (E. hemionus), is usually known by the local names of its various races: e.g., kulan (E. hemionus kulan, Mongolia)…

  • true badger (mammal)

    badger: The European badger (Meles meles) is omnivorous, consuming earthworms, insects, small mammals, birds and their eggs, and also fruits and nuts. It is grayish, with large black-and-white facial stripes. It is 30 cm tall and 56–81 cm long, excluding the 12–20-cm tail, and weighs 8–10 kg…

  • True Believer, The (work by Hoffer)

    Eric Hoffer: His first book, The True Believer (1951), demonstrated his insights into the nature of mass movements and the people who compose them. It received critical acclaim from both scholars and laymen and catapulted Hoffer into the limelight. Later works include The Passionate State of Mind (1955), a collection…

  • true bill (law)

    Indictment, in the United States, a formal written accusation of crime affirmed by a grand jury and presented by it to a court for trial of the accused. The grand jury system was eliminated in England in 1933, and current law there provides for a bill of indictment to be presented to the court when

  • true blind snake (reptile)

    blind snake: The typhlopids (true blind snakes) are even more diverse, with over 200 species in six genera. They occur naturally throughout the tropics; however, one species, the flowerpot snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus), now occurs on many oceanic islands and all continents except Antarctica. It gained its worldwide distribution through…

  • True Blood (American television series)

    HBO: …Deadwood (2004–06), a gritty western; True Blood (2008–14), about a small Louisiana town teeming with vampires, werewolves, and shape-shifters; and Game of Thrones (2011–19), based on American author George R.R. Martin’s series of fantasy books. Those shows paved the way for other television dramas with extended complex narratives such as…

  • true bone (Korean social system)

    kolp'um: (s?nggol, or “sacred bone,” and chin’gol, or “true bone”) and six dup’ums (or “head ranks”). The two gols were from the royal and formerly royal families; the sixth dup’um through the fourth were from the general nobility, and the third down to the first from the commoners.

  • true bug (insect order)

    Heteropteran, any member of the insect order Heteroptera, which comprises the so-called true bugs. (Some authorities use the name Hemiptera; others consider both the heteropterans and the homopterans to be suborders of the Hemiptera.) This large group of insects, consisting of more than 40,000

  • true cavy (rodent genus)

    guinea pig: …nondomesticated members of the genus Cavia that are also called guinea pigs: the Brazilian guinea pig (C. aperea) found from Colombia, Venezuela, and the Guianas south to northern Argentina; the shiny guinea pig (C. fulgida), inhabiting eastern Brazil; the montane guinea pig (C. tschudii), ranging from Peru to northern Chile…

  • True Christian Religion (work by Swedenborg)

    Emanuel Swedenborg: His theology: …the Vera Christiana Religio (1771; True Christian Religion), which was written when he was 83.

  • true cinnamon (plant and spice)

    Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma) and is also cultivated in South America and the West Indies. The

  • True Confession (film by Ruggles [1937])

    Wesley Ruggles: Later films: The screwball comedy True Confession (1937) featured Lombard as a pathological liar and MacMurray as a lawyer whose honesty hampers his career. Ruggles’s success continued with Sing You Sinners (1938), which starred Bing Crosby as a gambler and MacMurray as his disapproving brother; the film was an entertaining…

  • True Confessions of an Albino Terrorist, The (work by Breytenbach)

    Breyten Breytenbach: The True Confessions of an Albino Terrorist (1984), his account of his arrest and detention, cemented his international reputation. Following the end of apartheid in South Africa, Breytenbach traveled there in 1993, and he later taught at the University of Cape Town (2000–03).

  • true conflict (law)

    conflict of laws: Contemporary developments: In cases of “true conflict”—i.e., in cases in which both the forum’s law and another law claim applicability—Currie called for the application of forum law. He rejected any evaluation or weighing of the competing state interests, considering this to be a legislative, not a judicial, function. Contemporary applications…

  • True Crime (film by Eastwood [1999])

    Clint Eastwood: Films of the 1990s: In True Crime (1999) Eastwood starred as a veteran reporter whose investigative skills revive when he learns that a prisoner (Isaiah Washington) scheduled for execution that night is probably innocent.

  • true crocodile (reptile family)

    crocodile: Annotated classification: Family Crocodylidae (true crocodiles) 3 genera and 14 species; teeth of upper and lower jaws form one interdigitating row when mouth is closed. Family Gavialidae (gavial) 1 genus and 1 species; extremely long snout, more than 22 teeth in each jaw; nasal bones separated from

  • True Cross (Christian relic)

    True Cross, Christian relic, reputedly the wood of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. Legend relates that the True Cross was found by St. Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, during her pilgrimage to the Holy Land about 326. The earliest historical reference to veneration of the

  • true croton (plant)

    croton: …of a different genus, the true croton, is purging croton (Croton tiglium), a small tree from the seeds of which croton oil is extracted. It is native to Southeast Asia.

  • true daisy (plant)

    daisy: The English daisy, B. perennis, is often used as a bedding plant. It has numerous spoon-shaped, slightly hairy leaves near its base that form a rosette. The plant has leafless flower stalks and hairy bracts (leaflike structures) below the flower heads. Some varieties of the English…

  • True Detective (American television program)

    Mahershala Ali: …role of the television series True Detective, portraying a police officer investigating the disappearance of two children in the show’s third season (2019). For his performance Ali received his second Emmy nomination.

  • true doublet (gem)

    assembled gem: …the gem is called a true doublet; if they are different, with the crown (above the girdle) being genuine and the pavilion (below the girdle) an inferior stone or glass, it is called a false doublet. True doublets may be detected by immersion in a liquid with an index of…

  • true everlasting (plant)

    everlasting: …especially the true everlastings, or immortelles, species of the genus Helichrysum. Helichrysum—native to North Africa, Crete, and the parts of Asia bordering on the Mediterranean—is cultivated in many parts of Europe. The immortelles have one or more whorls of dry, scalelike or membranous bracts (leaves borne below flowers) that preserve…

  • true fern (plant)

    Fern, any of several nonflowering vascular plants that possess true roots, stems, and complex leaves and that reproduce by spores. The number of known extant fern species is about 10,500, but estimates have ranged as high as 15,000, the number varying because certain groups are as yet poorly

  • True Finn Party (political party, Finland)

    Finland: Domestic affairs: …seats, or the anti-immigrant, Euroskeptic True Finn Party, which proved to be the election’s biggest surprise as it vaulted from the five seats it won in the 2007 election to 39 seats and third place in 2011.

  • true flute (musical instrument)

    wind instrument: Classification: In true flutes, a ribbon-shaped column of air is produced between the player’s lips and directed against the edge of an aperture. The player blows against either the sharp rim at the upper, open end of the tube (end-blown) or the rim of a hole in…

  • true fresco (painting)

    painting: Buon’ fresco: Buon’, or “true,” fresco is the most-durable method of painting murals, since the pigments are completely fused with a damp plaster ground to become an integral part of the wall surface. The stone or brick wall is first prepared with a brown trullisatio…

  • true frog (amphibian family)

    Ranidae, family of wide-ranging frogs of the order Anura, containing several genera and more than 600 species. Representatives occur on every continent except Antarctica. Members of this group are referred to as the true frogs. Although most are aquatic or semiaquatic, a few ranids are ground

  • true gastric gland (anatomy)

    gastric gland: …beginning of the stomach; the intermediate, or true, gastric glands in the central stomach areas; and the pyloric glands in the terminal stomach portion. Both the cardiac and pyloric glands secrete mucus, which coats the stomach and protects it from self-digestion by helping to dilute acids and enzymes.

  • True Giang (Vietnam)

    Ben Tre, city on the flat Mekong River delta, southern Vietnam. Ben Tre is linked by highway and ferry boat to Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) 53 miles (85 km) to the northeast. It is served by a commercial airfield and functions as a link on the My Tho-Phu Vinh river-canal system. The

  • true ginger (plant)

    Ginger, (Zingiber officinale), herbaceous perennial plant of the family Zingiberaceae, probably native to southeastern Asia, or its aromatic, pungent rhizome (underground stem) used as a spice, flavouring, food, and medicine. Its generic name Zingiber is derived from the Greek zingiberis, which

  • True Glory, The (film by Kanin and Reed [1945])

    Garson Kanin: Film directing: …the military, one of which, The True Glory (1945), codirected by Carol Reed, won an Academy Award for best documentary. After the war, Kanin’s focus shifted to writing and the stage, though in 1969 he directed a pair of screenplays he had written: Where It’s At, a comedy set in…

  • True Grit (novel by Portis)

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