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  • trip-hop (music)

    Trip-hop, genre of atmospheric down-tempo music, influenced by movie sound tracks, 1970s funk, and cool jazz and usually created using samples. Coined by the British dance magazine Mixmag but rejected by many of its purported practitioners, trip-hop originated in Bristol, Eng., a West Country port

  • tripadi (Indian literature)

    South Asian arts: 14th–19th century: The folk tripadi (“three-line verse”) of Sarvaj?a (1700?) is a household word for wit and wisdom, like the Ku?a? in Tamil (see above Eighteen Ethical Works) and the “century” of four-line verses in Telugu by Vēmana (15th century). The moral, social, satiric, and wise proverb-like aphorisms of…

  • tripartite form (music)

    Japanese music: Structural ideals: …the Japanese tripartite form is jo-ha-kyū—the introduction, the scatterings, and the rushing toward the end. A Western musician might wish to compare this with sonata form and its three parts (exposition, development, recapitulation). But the Western example relates to a complete event and involves the development of certain motives or…

  • tripartite ideology (ancient society)

    epic: Bases: …been found in a so-called tripartite ideology or “trifunctional system” of the Indo-Europeans. The concept was based on the discovery of the remarkable philosophy of a prehistoric nation that survived as a system of thought in the historic Indo-European civilizations and even in the subconsciousness of the modern speakers of…

  • Tripartite Pact (World War II)

    Tripartite Pact, agreement concluded by Germany, Italy, and Japan on September 27, 1940, one year after the start of World War II. It created a defense alliance between the countries and was largely intended to deter the United States from entering the conflict. Hungary, Romania, Slovakia,

  • Tripartite Treatise (Gnostic text)

    patristic literature: The gnostic writers: …on the Resurrection; and a Tripartite Treatise, probably written by Heracleon, of the school of Valentinianism. The other documents from the Naj? ?ammādī library include the Gospel of Thomas, a collection of sayings and parables that are ascribed to Jesus; the Apocryphon of John, which represents the first chapter of…

  • Tripartitum (work by Werb?czi)

    István Werb?czi: His resulting work, the famous Tripartitum (1514), most notably proclaimed the complete equality of all nobles, both great and small, and stressed the rights of the aristocracy at the expense of royal sovereignty. It also reinforced the servile status of the peasantry, thus leading to a further deterioration of their…

  • Triparty en la science des nombres (work by Chuquet)

    algebra: Commerce and abacists in the European Renaissance: …French algebra text, Nicolas Chuquet’s Triparty en la science des nombres (1484; “The Science of Numbers in Three Parts”). As part of a discussion on how to use the Hindu-Arabic numerals, Triparty contained relatively complicated symbolic expressions, such as R214pR2180 (meaning: ).

  • Tripathi, Govardhanram (Indian novelist)

    South Asian arts: Gujarati: Among novelists, Govardhanram stands out; his Sarasvatīchandra is a classic, the first social novel. In the novel form, too, the influence of Gandhiism is clearly felt, though not in the person of Kanaiyalal Munshi, who was critical of Gandhian ideology but still, in several Purā?a-inspired works, tended…

  • Tripes d’or (work by Crommelynck)

    Fernand Crommelynck: Of his later plays, Tripes d’or (1925; “Golden Guts”) is the most striking. Crommelynck again combined farce and deep seriousness in reinterpreting one of the classic themes of French drama—avarice. In the play the miser (Hermides) can never bring himself to pay proper attention to the girl he says…

  • triphane (mineral)

    Spodumene, a lithium aluminum silicate mineral (LiAlSi2O6) in the pyroxene family, an important ore of lithium and a source of ceramic materials. It is ordinarily found in lithium-bearing granite pegmatites. When brilliant and glassy, clear spodumene is valued as a semiprecious gem (more by

  • Triphelps insidious (insect)

    flower bug: The insidious flower bug, Orius insidiosus, is a common North American species that preys on the grape phylloxera and the chinch bug. In general, most of the species feed on aphids and aphid eggs. However, several species, such as the larger pirate bug (Lycotcoris campestris), suck…

  • triphenylmethane (chemical compound)

    triphenylmethane dye: …upon that of the hydrocarbon triphenylmethane. They have poor resistance to light and to chemical bleaches and are used chiefly in copying papers, in hectograph and printing inks, and in textile applications for which lightfastness is not an important requirement.

  • triphenylmethane dye (chemical compound)

    Triphenylmethane dye, any member of a group of extremely brilliant and intensely coloured synthetic organic dyes having molecular structures based upon that of the hydrocarbon triphenylmethane. They have poor resistance to light and to chemical bleaches and are used chiefly in copying papers, in

  • triphenylmethyl (chemical radical)

    radical: Stable radicals.: …first relatively stable free radical, triphenylmethyl (structure I), was discovered by Moses Gomberg in 1900. In this compound the central carbon

  • Triphylia (ancient district, Greece)

    Elis: …of the Alpheus River; and Triphylia, a hilly area stretching south from the Alpheus to the northern border of Messenia. Comparatively high rainfall produced good pasture and arable land in low-lying areas, and the region became noted for its horses, cattle, and flax.

  • triphylite (mineral)

    Triphylite, common phosphate mineral, lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4), usually forming bluish or grayish, glassy masses in lithium- and phosphate-rich granite pegmatites. It forms a solid-solution series with the similar, but more brightly coloured (brown, yellow, or salmon), lithiophilite in

  • Tripillya culture (anthropology)

    Trypillya culture, Neolithic European culture that arose in Ukraine between the Seret and Bug rivers, with extensions south into modern-day Romania and Moldova and east to the Dnieper River, in the 5th millennium bc. The culture’s characteristic pottery was red or orange and was decorated with

  • Tripitaka (Buddhist Theravada canon)

    Pali canon, the complete canon, first recorded in Pali, of the Theravada (“Way of the Elders”) branch of Buddhism. The schools of the Mahayana (“Greater Vehicle”) branch also revere it yet hold as scripture additional writings (in Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, and other languages) that are not

  • Tripitaka Koreana (Buddhist literature)

    Haein Temple: …valuable religious treasures, chiefly the Tripitaka Koreana. The latter is a collection of more than 80,000 wooden blocks engraved with Buddhist scriptures. Carved in the 13th century at a temple on Kanghwa (Ganghwa) Island, these blocks contain the most complete set of Buddhist religious texts in Asia. The depository in…

  • triplane (aviation)

    biplane: A few triplane designs proved successful during World War I; powered aircraft with four or more main lifting surfaces have never been more than curiosities.

  • triple (baseball)

    baseball: Getting on base: …the batter reaches second; the triple, which sees the runner reach third base; and the home run, a hit that enables the batter to circle all the bases and score a run. A fair ball that flies over the outfield fence is an automatic home run (permitting the batter to…

  • Triple 9 (film by Hillcoat [2016])

    Kate Winslet: …mobster in the crime thriller Triple 9 and as the coworker of a grieving father in the tearjerker Collateral Beauty (both 2016). Her credits from 2017 included The Mountain Between Us, an adventure drama about strangers who survive a plane crash, and Wonder Wheel, a comedy directed by Woody Allen,…

  • Triple A (political party, Argentina)

    José López Rega: …being the instigator of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance, one of the first right-wing death squads to be formed in Argentina in the 1970s. On July 11 he resigned and left for Spain after having been hurriedly designated ambassador extraordinary by Isabel Perón. At year’s end, under pressure from the military,…

  • Triple Alianza, Guerra de la (South American history)

    War of the Triple Alliance, (1864/65–70), the bloodiest conflict in Latin American history, fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Paraguay had been involved in boundary and tariff disputes with its more powerful neighbours, Argentina and Brazil, for

  • Triple Alliance (Europe [1717])

    United Kingdom: Foreign policy: In 1717 Stanhope negotiated a Triple Alliance with the French and the Dutch. This treaty was maintained by Walpole and Townshend throughout the 1720s. By 1730, however, it was attracting considerable criticism from the Opposition, and in the Second Treaty of Vienna, signed in March 1731, Walpole jettisoned the Anglo-French…

  • Triple Alliance (Europe [1788])

    United Kingdom: William Pitt the Younger: In 1788 he signed the Triple Alliance between Britain, Prussia, and Holland, thereby ensuring that in a future war his country would not be bereft of allies as it had been during the American Revolution. In 1790 he demonstrated Britain’s renewed power and prestige by negotiating a peace between Austria…

  • Triple Alliance (Europe [1882-1915])

    Triple Alliance, secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy formed in May 1882 and renewed periodically until World War I. Germany and Austria-Hungary had been closely allied since 1879. Italy sought their support against France shortly after losing North African ambitions to the

  • Triple Alliance (Europe [1668])

    Netherlands: The first stadtholderless period: This Triple Alliance (so called because Sweden became a third partner) proved to be de Witt’s undoing, although he had no effective diplomatic strategy to put in its place. Louis XIV, balked in his aim of conquest, considered that the Dutch had betrayed their alliance and…

  • Triple Alliance, Treaty of the (South America [1865])

    Paraguay: War of the Triple Alliance: …puppet Uruguayan government signed the Treaty of the Triple Alliance with Brazil and Argentina, committing all three to the war against Paraguay.

  • Triple Alliance, War of the (South American history)

    War of the Triple Alliance, (1864/65–70), the bloodiest conflict in Latin American history, fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Paraguay had been involved in boundary and tariff disputes with its more powerful neighbours, Argentina and Brazil, for

  • Triple Basket (Buddhist Theravada canon)

    Pali canon, the complete canon, first recorded in Pali, of the Theravada (“Way of the Elders”) branch of Buddhism. The schools of the Mahayana (“Greater Vehicle”) branch also revere it yet hold as scripture additional writings (in Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, and other languages) that are not

  • triple bond (chemical bonding)

    Triple bond, in chemistry, a covalent linkage in which two atoms share three pairs of electrons, as in the nitrogen molecule, N2, or acetylene, C2H2. One of the electron pairs is present in a sigma bond, concentrated in the region along the line joining the two nuclei; the other two pairs are

  • triple bottom line (problem-solving approach)

    water scarcity: Solutions: …referred to as the “triple bottom line”: economics, environment, and equity.

  • Triple Bridge (bridge, Ljubljana, Slovenia)

    Ljubljana: …stone bridges, such as the Tromostovje (Triple Bridge), were constructed across the river.

  • Triple Catechism (work by Canisius)

    Saint Peter Canisius: His major work was the Triple Catechism (1555–58), containing a lucid exposition of Roman Catholic dogma. It became the most famous catechism of the Counter-Reformation, going through 400 editions in 150 years.

  • Triple Crown (baseball)

    baseball: Records and statistics: …only four-time winner of the Triple Crown of pitching (that is, leading the league in wins, strikeouts, and the lowest earned run average, or ERA). Alexander won the Triple Crown in 1915, 1916, 1917, and 1920.

  • Triple Crown (American quarter-horse racing)

    quarter-horse racing: The Triple Crown of quarter-horse racing includes the Kansas Futurity, held in June, the Rainbow Futurity, held in July, and the All-American Futurity, held in September on Labor Day, all at Ruidoso Downs, New Mexico.

  • Triple Crown (British horse racing)

    Triple Crown, in British horse racing, championship attributed to a colt or filly that in a single season wins the races known as the Two Thousand Guineas, the Derby, and the Saint Leger. In Britain the term Triple Crown is also applied—though far less commonly—to a filly that in a single season

  • Triple Crown (American thoroughbred horse racing)

    Triple Crown, in American horse racing, championship attributed to a three-year-old Thoroughbred that in a single season wins the Kentucky Derby, the Preakness Stakes, and the Belmont Stakes. It had long been considered one of the most coveted and celebrated achievements in all of sports, but with

  • Triple Crown: Winning Is a Long Shot, The

    In early 2012 Triple Crown fever struck sports fans on both sides of the Atlantic as two Thoroughbred colts, I’ll Have Another and Camelot, won the first two legs and prepared to run the third leg of the U.S. and U.K. horse racing Triple Crowns, respectively. While the U.K. Triple Crown (run over

  • Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (cryptology)

    Data Encryption Standard: This is known as “triple DES” and involves using two normal DES keys. As proposed by Walter Tuchman of the Amperif Corporation, the encryption operation would be E1D2E1 while decryption would be D1E2D1. Since EkDk = Dk

  • Triple DEA (cryptology)

    Data Encryption Standard: This is known as “triple DES” and involves using two normal DES keys. As proposed by Walter Tuchman of the Amperif Corporation, the encryption operation would be E1D2E1 while decryption would be D1E2D1. Since EkDk = Dk

  • Triple DES (cryptology)

    Data Encryption Standard: This is known as “triple DES” and involves using two normal DES keys. As proposed by Walter Tuchman of the Amperif Corporation, the encryption operation would be E1D2E1 while decryption would be D1E2D1. Since EkDk = Dk

  • Triple Entente (European alliance)

    Triple Entente, association between Great Britain, France, and Russia, the nucleus of the Allied Powers in World War I. It developed from the Franco-Russian alliance that gradually developed and was formalized in 1894, the Anglo-French Entente Cordiale of 1904, and an Anglo-Russian agreement of

  • Triple Frontier (film by Chandor [2019])

    Ben Affleck: Roles of the 2010s: Movies from 2019 included Triple Frontier, a thriller in which a team of former Special Forces operatives face a series of moral dilemmas after staging an elaborate heist. In 2020 he starred in The Last Thing He Wanted, a crime drama based on a novel by Joan Didion, and…

  • triple fusion (plant)

    angiosperm: Fertilization and embryogenesis: …central cell and forms a triple fusion, or endosperm, nucleus. This is called double fertilization because the true fertilization (fusion of a sperm with an egg) is accompanied by another fusion process (that of a sperm with the polar nuclei) that resembles fertilization. Double fertilization of this type is unique…

  • triple glazing (construction)

    construction: Enclosure systems: …cost-effective in northern climates, but triple glazing is used commonly only in regions above about 55° to 60° latitude. A recent development is heat-mirror glass, in which a low-emissivity coating enhances the relative opacity of the glass to infrared radiation and slows the rate of internal heat loss in winter.

  • Triple Gold Club (ice hockey)

    Jonathan Toews: …players, known as the “Triple Gold Club,” who have skated on teams that won a world championship, an Olympic gold medal, and a Stanley Cup. He added a second gold medal as part of the Canadian team that triumphed at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia.

  • Triple Intervention, The (China-Japan)

    Treaty of Shimonoseki: The Triple Intervention (1895), secured by Russia, France, and Germany, subsequently required Japan to retrocede the Liaodong Peninsula to China in return for an additional indemnity of 30,000,000 taels.

  • triple jump (athletics)

    Triple jump, event in athletics (track and field) in which an athlete makes a horizontal jump for distance incorporating three distinct, continuous movements—a hop, in which the athlete takes off and lands on the same foot; a step, landing on the other foot; and a jump, landing in any manner,

  • Triple Loyalism (Polish history)

    Poland: Accommodation with the ruling governments: …attitudes took the form of Triple Loyalism, the belief that material and cultural progress in each part of divided Poland was predicated on loyalty to the ruling governments. This policy seemed to produce beneficial results only under Austria. The pursuit of riches was being represented as essentially patriotic even if…

  • triple metre (music)

    metre: , 22, 24), triple (34, 38), or quadruple (44, 48). Compound metres are also duple (68, 616), triple (98), or quadruple (128) but have time

  • triple point (physics)

    liquid: Representative values of phase-diagram parameters: …the particular values of the triple-point and critical-point temperature and pressure, the size of the various regions, and the slopes of the lines. Triple-point temperatures range from 14 K (0 K equals -273.15° C [-459.67° F]), for hydrogen to temperatures too high for accurate measurement. Triple-point pressures are generally low,…

  • Triple Portrait Mask (work by Titian)

    Titian: Portraits: …the Triple Portrait Mask, or An Allegory of Prudence, in which Titian, gray-bearded and wearing a rose-coloured cap, represents old age, his son Orazio represents maturity, and presumably Marco Vecellio stands for youth.

  • Triple Refuge (Buddhism and Jainism)

    Triratna, (Sanskrit: “Three Jewels”) in Buddhism the Triratna comprises the Buddha, the dharma (doctrine, or teaching), and the sangha (the monastic order, or community). One becomes a Buddhist by saying the words “I go to the Buddha for refuge, I go to the Doctrine for refuge, I go to the Order

  • triple tail (fish)

    Tripletail, any of four species of fishes constituting the family Lobotidae (order Perciformes). The family contains two genera (Lobotes and Datnioides), with members of the first genus found in tropical or warm temperate marine waters and those of the second found in brackish or freshwater

  • Triple Theory (philosophy)

    Derek Parfit: …view, which he called the Triple Theory, that retains what is insightful about each and discards what is problematic. Parfit described that convergence by saying that the three traditions had been “climbing the same mountain on different sides.” Other sections of the book defended sophisticated views of the nature of…

  • triple time (music)

    metre: , 22, 24), triple (34, 38), or quadruple (44, 48). Compound metres are also duple (68, 616), triple (98), or quadruple (128) but have time

  • triple truth (philosophy)

    Tiantai: …doctrine is summarized as the triple truth, or jiguan (“perfected comprehension”): (1) all things (dharmas) lack ontological reality; (2) they, nevertheless, have a temporary existence; (3) they are simultaneously unreal and temporarily existing—being the middle, or absolute, truth, which includes and yet surpasses the others. The three truths are considered…

  • triple-barrier system (waste disposal)

    materials science: Radioactive waste: …plan is to interpose three barriers between the waste and human beings by first encapsulating it in a solid material, putting that in a metal container, and finally burying that container in geologically stable formations. The first step requires an inert, stable material that will hold the radioactive atoms trapped…

  • triple-double (basketball)

    LeBron James: …NBA history to average a triple-double over the course of the finals (with 33.6 points, 12 rebounds, and 10 assists per game).

  • triple-head background projector (photographic device)

    Byron Haskin: Known as the triple-head background projector, it earned Haskin a Technical Achievement Award at the 1939 Academy Awards; he also received Oscar nominations for his special effects for The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939), The Sea Hawk (1940), The Sea Wolf (1941), and Desperate Journey (1942).

  • triplet (mammalogy)

    multiple birth: Other multiple births: , triplets may be derived from a single zygote (MZ triplets); from two zygotes, one of which divided to produce MZ twins while the other developed as a singleton (the three constituting DZ triplets); or from three separate zygotes (trizygotic, or TZ, triplets). Similarly, quadruplets may…

  • triplet (atomic physics)

    photochemical reaction: Consequences of photoexcitation: …the molecule is in a triplet state. A change in intrinsic electron spin is not very probable, so conversion of a molecule from singlet to triplet or vice versa is slow compared with other molecular processes.

  • triplet (gem)

    assembled gem: Triplets consist of a crown of stone and a lower portion (not necessarily the whole pavilion) of stone, sandwiching a layer of foil or other material to give the stone the desired colour.

  • triplet (genetics)

    cell: RNA: replicated from DNA: …each nucleotide triplet (called a codon) specifies a particular amino acid. Thus, a nucleotide sequence in the DNA specifies a protein provided that a messenger RNA molecule is produced from that DNA sequence. Each region of the DNA sequence specifying a protein in this way is called a gene.

  • triplet (spectroscopy)

    fine structure: … there are three components (triplets). This arises because the atoms of alkali metals have only one electron outside a closed core, or shell, of electrons, while the atoms of alkaline earths have two such electrons. Doublet separation for corresponding lines increases with atomic number; thus, with lithium (atomic number…

  • triplet repeat expansion (genetics)

    human genetic disease: Triplet repeat expansions: At least a dozen different disorders are now known to result from triplet repeat expansions in the human genome, and these fall into two groups: (1) those that involve a polyglutamine tract within the encoded protein product that becomes longer upon expansion…

  • triplet state (atomic physics)

    photochemical reaction: Consequences of photoexcitation: …the molecule is in a triplet state. A change in intrinsic electron spin is not very probable, so conversion of a molecule from singlet to triplet or vice versa is slow compared with other molecular processes.

  • tripletail (fish)

    Tripletail, any of four species of fishes constituting the family Lobotidae (order Perciformes). The family contains two genera (Lobotes and Datnioides), with members of the first genus found in tropical or warm temperate marine waters and those of the second found in brackish or freshwater

  • Triplett, Donald (American autism patient)

    Donald Triplett, American male who was the first person diagnosed with autism. Triplett was the eldest son of an affluent family; his mother’s family had founded the local bank in Forest, Mississippi, and his father was an attorney. It became apparent at an early age that social interaction was

  • Triplett, Donald Gray (American autism patient)

    Donald Triplett, American male who was the first person diagnosed with autism. Triplett was the eldest son of an affluent family; his mother’s family had founded the local bank in Forest, Mississippi, and his father was an attorney. It became apparent at an early age that social interaction was

  • Triplicate (album by Dylan)

    Bob Dylan: …Angels (2016), and the three-disc Triplicate (2017)—earned Dylan praise for his deeply felt interpretations.

  • Tríplice Alian?a, Guerra da (South American history)

    War of the Triple Alliance, (1864/65–70), the bloodiest conflict in Latin American history, fought between Paraguay and the allied countries of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay. Paraguay had been involved in boundary and tariff disputes with its more powerful neighbours, Argentina and Brazil, for

  • triplicity (astrology)

    astrology: Astrology in the Hellenistic period (3rd century bc to 3rd century ad): …are further divided into four triplicities, each of which governs one of the four elements. Numerous pairs of opposites (male-female, diurnal-nocturnal, hot-cold, and others), based on the speculations of the followers of Pythagoras, a Greek mystical philosopher of the 6th century bc, are connected with consecutive pairs of signs. Finally,…

  • triplite (mineral)

    Triplite, phosphate mineral, consisting of manganese, iron, magnesium, and calcium phosphate [(Mn, Fe, Mg, Ca)2PO4(F,OH)]. It occurs as brightly coloured (brown, salmon, flesh-red) masses in granite pegmatites, notably in Bavaria, Ger.; Kimito, Fin.; Karibib, Namibia; and Maine, Connecticut, and

  • triploblastic cell system (biology)

    circulatory system: General features of circulation: …defined tissues and organs) are triploblastic (i.e., their members have three layers of cells), with the third cellular layer, called the mesoderm, developing between the endoderm and ectoderm. At its simplest, the mesoderm provides a network of packing cells around the animal’s organs; this is probably best exhibited in the…

  • triploidy (genetics)

    chromosomal disorder: …can be duplicated three (triploidy) or more (polyploidy) times; or one arm or part of one arm of a single chromosome may be missing (deletion). Part of one chromosome may be transferred to another (translocation), which has no effect on the person in which it occurs but generally causes…

  • Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book (novel by Kingston)

    American literature: Multicultural writing: Her first novel, Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book (1989), was set in the bohemian world of the San Francisco Bay area during the 1960s. Other important Asian American writers included Gish Jen, whose Typical American (1991) dealt with immigrant striving and frustration; the Korean American Chang-rae Lee, who…

  • Tripneustes ventricosus (echinoderm)

    sea urchin: …Indies, sea eggs—the ovaries of Tripneustes ventricosus—are eaten raw or fried; in the Mediterranean region, frutta di mare is the egg mass of Paracentrotus lividus (the best known rock borer) and other Paracentrotus species; and, on the U.S. Pacific coast, the eggs of the giant purple (or red) urchin (Strongylocentrotus…

  • tripod (furniture)

    Tripod, any piece of furniture with three legs. The word can apply to a wide range of objects, including stools, tables, light stands, and pedestals. The tripod was very popular in ancient and classical times, largely because it was associated with religious or symbolic rites in the form of an

  • tripod (photography)

    motion-picture technology: Camera supports: …form this is a heavy tripod structure, with sturdy but smooth-moving adjustments and casters, so that the exact desired position can be quickly reached. Often a heavy dolly, holding both the camera and a seated cameraman, is used. This can be pushed or driven around the set. When shots from…

  • Tripoli (national capital, Libya)

    Tripoli, capital city of Libya. Situated in northwestern Libya along the Mediterranean coast, it is the country’s largest city and chief seaport. The city was known as Oea in ancient times and was one of the original cities (along with Sabratha and Leptis Magna) that formed the African Tripolis, or

  • Tripoli (Lebanon)

    Tripoli, (“The Eastern Tripoli”), city and port, northwestern Lebanon. It lies on the Mediterranean coast at the mouth of the Abū ?Alī River, 40 miles (65 km) north-northeast of Beirut. Founded after 700 bc, it became in the Persian period (300 bc) the capital for the Phoenician triple federation

  • tripoli (rock)

    Tripoli, porous, friable, microcrystalline siliceous rock of sedimentary origin that is composed chiefly of chalcedony and microcrystalline quartz. Although the name tripoli was chosen because of the rock’s superficial resemblance to tripolite, a diatomite or from Tripolitania region, Libya, the

  • Tripoli Harbor, Second Battle of (Tripolitan War [1804])

    Second Battle of Tripoli Harbor, U.S. blockade and attack on Tripoli, Libya, part of the larger Tripolitan War, (1801–05). Pirates based in the ports of the Muslim north African coast were a serious threat to international shipping in the Mediterranean in the early nineteenth century. In 1804, the

  • Tripoli, University of (university, Tripoli, Libya)

    Tripoli: Universities in Tripoli include Al-Fāte? University, founded in 1957 and previously part of the former federal University of Libya before its split in 1973, and Open University, founded in 1987. Libya’s Department of Antiquities, which oversees the country’s museums and archaeological sites, is also located in Tripoli, as are…

  • Trípolis (Greece)
  • Tripolis (Lebanon)

    Tripoli, (“The Eastern Tripoli”), city and port, northwestern Lebanon. It lies on the Mediterranean coast at the mouth of the Abū ?Alī River, 40 miles (65 km) north-northeast of Beirut. Founded after 700 bc, it became in the Persian period (300 bc) the capital for the Phoenician triple federation

  • Tripolitan War (United States-Tripoli)

    First Barbary War, (1801–05), conflict between the United States and Tripoli (now in Libya), incited by American refusal to continue payment of tribute to the piratical rulers of the North African Barbary States of Algiers, Tunis, Morocco, and Tripoli. This practice had been customary among

  • Tripolitania (region, Libya)

    Tripolitania, historical region of North Africa that now forms the northwestern part of Libya. In the 7th century bc three Phoenician colonies were established on the shores of the Gulf of Sidra, which was originally inhabited by a Berber-speaking people. These cities—Labqi (Leptis Magna, modern L

  • Tripolitza (Greece)
  • Tripolye culture (anthropology)

    Trypillya culture, Neolithic European culture that arose in Ukraine between the Seret and Bug rivers, with extensions south into modern-day Romania and Moldova and east to the Dnieper River, in the 5th millennium bc. The culture’s characteristic pottery was red or orange and was decorated with

  • Tripp, Linda (United States government employee)

    Monica Lewinsky: …was befriended by a coworker, Linda Tripp, who secretly recorded telephone conversations about Lewinsky’s affair with Clinton. In January 1998 Tripp turned the tapes over to independent counsel Kenneth Starr, who was investigating business dealings by Clinton and his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, with an Arkansas housing development corporation known…

  • Trippe, Juan T. (American aviator)

    Juan T. Trippe, American pioneer in commercial aviation and one of the founders of the company that became Pan American World Airways, Inc. Trippe was the son of a New York banker and broker of English descent, but he was named for Juanita Terry, the wife of a great-uncle. He graduated from Yale

  • Trippe, Juan Terry (American aviator)

    Juan T. Trippe, American pioneer in commercial aviation and one of the founders of the company that became Pan American World Airways, Inc. Trippe was the son of a New York banker and broker of English descent, but he was named for Juanita Terry, the wife of a great-uncle. He graduated from Yale

  • Trippi, Joe (American political consultant)

    Joe Trippi, American political consultant who worked on political campaigns for many prominent members of the Democratic Party. He is best known for his work on the campaign of Democratic presidential candidate Howard Dean in 2003–04, which was an early successful example of online grassroots

  • TRIPS (international agreement)

    Vandana Shiva: …the World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, which allowed for the patenting of life forms and would therefore make it possible for corporations to essentially require farmers to continue to purchase their seeds after local varieties had been eliminated. She spoke out against the agreement at…

  • Tripterygiidae (fish)

    perciform: Annotated classification: Family Tripterygiidae (threefin blennies) Pliocene to present. Much like clinids but dorsal fin divided into 3 distinct parts, the first 2 of spines only; small bottom fishes of reef and rocks. About 150 species mostly in warm seas. Family Dactyloscopidae (sand stargazers) Body elongated. Shape of pelvic…

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