You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience and security.
  • Torrance (California, United States)

    Torrance, city, Los Angeles county, southern California, U.S. Located south of central Los Angeles along the Pacific Ocean, it lies in the South Bay area. Once part of Rancho San Pedro, a Spanish land grant of 1822, the city was founded in 1911 by Jared Sidney Torrance and promoted as a planned

  • Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (psychology)

    creativity: Individual qualities of creative persons: …a means of assessment, the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT), that accounts for all of these skills. The TTCT became one of the most widely used measures of creativity. Torrance provided additional support for his approach in follow-up studies of his subjects after 7, 12, and 22 years, and…

  • Torrance, E. Paul (American educational psychologist)

    creativity: Individual qualities of creative persons: …by the American educational psychologist E. Paul Torrance. They include fluency, or the ability to think of many ideas rapidly; flexibility, the capacity to use ideas and tools in unusual ways; and originality, the capacity to think of novel ideas and products. In 1966 Torrance and his colleagues developed a…

  • Torrance, Jack (American athlete)

    Jack Torrance, American world-record holder in the shot put (1934–48). Torrance played tackle on the football team and was a member of the track team, the Fabulous Five, at Louisiana State University (Baton Rouge), the latter winning the 1933 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)

  • Torre (Italy)

    Caserta, city, Campania regione, southern Italy, north of Naples. The old town (Caserta Vecchia), founded by the Lombards in the 8th century, lies on hills 3 miles (5 km) north-northeast of the modern city, which was a village known as Torre belonging to the Caetani family of Sermoneta until the

  • Torre Annunziata (Italy)

    Torre Annunziata, city, Campania regione (region), southern Italy. It is a southeastern suburb of Naples on the Bay of Naples at the southern foot of Mount Vesuvius. The city was twice destroyed by the eruptions of Vesuvius (ad 79 and 1631). The site is archaeologically notable for the

  • Torre del Greco (Italy)

    Torre del Greco, city, western Campania regione (region), southern Italy. It lies at the southwestern foot of Mount Vesuvius. It is located on the Bay of Naples and is a southeastern suburb of Naples. Two-thirds destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 1631, Torre del Greco was rebuilt on the

  • Torre Pendente di Pisa (tower, Pisa, Italy)

    Leaning Tower of Pisa, medieval structure in Pisa, Italy, that is famous for the settling of its foundations, which caused it to lean 5.5 degrees (about 15 feet [4.5 metres]) from the perpendicular in the late 20th century. Extensive work was subsequently done to straighten the tower, and its lean

  • Torre, Guillermo de (Spanish writer)

    Ultraism: …in 1919 by the poet Guillermo de Torre, Ultraism attracted most of the important contemporary poets. Their works were published chiefly in the two major avant-garde periodicals, Grecia (1919–20) and Ultra (1921–22).

  • Torre, Joe (American baseball player and manager)

    Los Angeles Dodgers: …in baseball, as first-year manager Joe Torre and mid-season acquisition Manny Ramirez rallied the team to a late-season surge that resulted in the Dodgers’ winning the NL Western Division title. Los Angeles lost in the NL Championship Series (NLCS) in both 2008 and 2009, however, and Torre and Ramirez both…

  • Torrelavega (Spain)

    Torrelavega, city, Cantabria provincia (province), in the Cantabria comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northern Spain. It lies southwest of Santander city, at the confluence of the Besaya and Saja rivers. Founded in the 14th century, the city owes its name to the Garcilaso de la Vega

  • Torrellas Peak (mountain, Majorca Island, Spain)

    Majorca: …4,741 feet (1,445 metres) at Mayor Peak (Puig Major). Precipitous cliffs, often about 1,000 feet (300 metres) high, characterize much of the north coast. The island’s varied landscape includes pine forests, olive groves, steep gullies, intensively terraced slopes, and fertile valleys. The much less rugged hills in the southeast are…

  • Torrence, Dean (American musician and artist)

    surf music: …26, 2004, Los Angeles) and Dean Torrence (b. March 10, 1941, Los Angeles) gave voice to surf music with distinctive falsetto harmonies, especially on “Surf City” (1963). It was the Beach Boys, however, led by Brian Wilson, whose complex vocal harmonies, skilled musicianship, inventive production, and evocative lyrics apotheosized surf…

  • Torrence, Frederic Ridgely (American poet and playwright)

    Ridgely Torrence, U.S. poet and playwright who wrote some of the first serious, accurate dramas of black life. Torrence first became known as a poet with publication of The House of a Hundred Lights (1900). He sought to refresh American theatre with verse dramas, such as El Dorado: A Tragedy

  • Torrence, Ridgely (American poet and playwright)

    Ridgely Torrence, U.S. poet and playwright who wrote some of the first serious, accurate dramas of black life. Torrence first became known as a poet with publication of The House of a Hundred Lights (1900). He sought to refresh American theatre with verse dramas, such as El Dorado: A Tragedy

  • Torrens Title system (real estate)

    Sir Robert Richard Torrens: …transferring land, known as the Torrens Title system, which has been widely adopted throughout the world.

  • Torrens, Lake (lake, South Australia, Australia)

    Lake Torrens, salt lake, lying west of the Flinders Ranges, east-central South Australia, 215 miles (345 km) northwest of Adelaide. About 150 miles (240 km) long and 40 miles (65 km) wide, the salt lake has an area of 2,300 square miles (5,900 square km). Normally a mud flat, it may fill only after

  • Torrens, Robert (British economist and politician)

    Robert Torrens, British economist, soldier, politician, and promoter of schemes for the colonization of Australia. Torrens joined the Royal Marines in 1796 and achieved the rank of first lieutenant a year later; by the time of his retirement (1834) he was probably a brevet lieutenant colonel,

  • Torrens, Sir Robert Richard (Australian statesman)

    Sir Robert Richard Torrens, Australian statesman who introduced a simplified system of transferring land, known as the Torrens Title system, which has been widely adopted throughout the world. The son of Colonel Robert Torrens (1780–1864), one of the founders of South Australia, Torrens emigrated

  • Torrent (city, Spain)

    Torrent, city, east-central Valencia provincia (province), in Valencia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), eastern Spain. It lies just southwest of Valencia city. In the city centre is the Torre de Malta (Maltese Tower), a castle of Moorish origin, from which the name Torrent is derived. In

  • torrent duck (bird)

    Torrent duck, (species Merganetta armata), long-bodied duck, found along rushing mountain streams in the Andes. It is usually classified as an aberrant dabbling duck (q.v.) but is sometimes placed in its own tribe, the Merganettini, family Anatidae (order Anseriformes). The torrent duck clings to

  • torrent fish

    perciform: Annotated classification: Family Cheimarrhichthyidae (torrent fish) Small, resembling a cottid or sculpin (family Cottidae); eyes on top of head and close together; 1 species; freshwater streams of New Zealand; young in brackish water. Family Trachinidae (weever fishes) Eocene to present. Body elongated, compressed, deep at head end, tapering to…

  • Torrent, Le (work by Hébert)

    Anne Hébert: Her first book of prose, Le Torrent (1950; The Torrent), is a collection of violent stories centring on a young boy damaged by his brutal mother. It was followed by a second poetry collection, Le Tombeau des rois (1953; The Tomb of the Kings), which more clearly reveals her inner…

  • Torrent, The (work by Hébert)

    Anne Hébert: Her first book of prose, Le Torrent (1950; The Torrent), is a collection of violent stories centring on a young boy damaged by his brutal mother. It was followed by a second poetry collection, Le Tombeau des rois (1953; The Tomb of the Kings), which more clearly reveals her inner…

  • Torrente (city, Spain)

    Torrent, city, east-central Valencia provincia (province), in Valencia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), eastern Spain. It lies just southwest of Valencia city. In the city centre is the Torre de Malta (Maltese Tower), a castle of Moorish origin, from which the name Torrent is derived. In

  • Torrente Ballester, Gonzalo (Spanish writer and literary critic)

    Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Spanish writer and literary critic (born June 13, 1910, Serantes, near El Ferrol, Spain—died Jan. 27, 1999, Salamanca, Spain), was inducted into the Real Academia Espa?ola in 1977, was honoured in 1981 with Spain’s National Prize for Literature, and was awarded the C

  • Torrents of Spring (novella by Turgenev)

    Torrents of Spring, novella by Ivan Turgenev, published in Russian as Veshniye vody in 1872. The book has also been translated as Spring Torrents and Spring Freshets. Cast as a reminiscence, the work concerns the reflections of the middle-aged and world-weary Sanin on his youthful romance with

  • Torreón (Mexico)

    Torreón, city, southwestern Coahuila estado (state), northeastern Mexico. It lies along the Nazas River at an elevation of 3,674 feet (1,120 metres). Torreón is one of northern Mexico’s main centres for manufacturing, services, and commercial agriculture. Indigenous peoples inhabited the Torreón

  • Torres Bodet, Jaime (Mexican writer and statesman)

    Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican poet, novelist, educator, and statesman. Torres Bodet studied law and literature at the National University of Mexico. He later became secretary to the National Preparatory School, then chief of the department of public libraries in the Ministry of Education (1922–24),

  • Torres Cabrera, José Miguel (Venezuelan baseball player)

    Miguel Cabrera, Venezuelan professional baseball player who was one of the premier hitters of his era. As a teenager Cabrera was one of the most sought-after baseball prospects in South America. He was pursued by multiple major league franchises and ultimately signed with the Florida Marlins of the

  • Torres Islands (islands, Vanuatu)

    Torres Islands, northernmost group of Vanuatu, southwestern Pacific Ocean, about 60 miles (100 km) north of Espiritu Santo. They extend for 35 miles (56 km) and comprise Hiu (Hiw), the largest at 10 miles (16 km) long by 2 miles (3 km) wide; Tégua; Linua; Loh; Métoma; and Toga. Hiu rises to the

  • Torres Memorandum (report by Columbus)

    Christopher Columbus: The second and third voyages: …and so known as the Torres Memorandum, speaks of sickness, poor provisioning, recalcitrant natives, and undisciplined hidalgos (gentry). It may be that these problems had intensified, but the Columbus family must be held at least partly responsible, intent as it was on enslaving the Taino and shipping them to Europe…

  • Torres Naharro, Bartolomé de (Spanish dramatist)

    Bartolomé de Torres Naharro, playwright and theorist, the most important Spanish dramatist before Lope de Vega, and the first playwright to create realistic Spanish characters. Little is known of Torres Naharro’s life; apparently he was a soldier and was held captive for a time in Algiers. He was

  • Torres Quevedo, Leonardo (Spanish engineer)

    Leonardo Torres Quevedo, Spanish engineer. In 1890 he introduced an electromagnetic device capable of playing a limited form of chess. Though it did not always play the best moves and sometimes took much longer than a competent human player to win, it demonstrated the capability of machines to be

  • Torres Strait (strait, Pacific Ocean)

    Torres Strait, passage between the Coral Sea, on the east, and the Arafura Sea, in the western Pacific Ocean. To the north lies New Guinea and to the south Cape York Peninsula (Queensland, Australia). It is about 80 mi (130 km) wide and has many reefs and shoals dangerous to navigation, and its

  • Torres Strait Islander peoples

    Torres Strait Islander peoples, one of Australia’s two distinct Indigenous cultural groups, the other being the Aboriginal peoples. (See Researcher’s Note: Britannica usage standards: Aboriginal peoples and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia.) Torres Strait Islander persons are individuals

  • Torres Strait Islands (islands, Queensland, Australia)

    Torres Strait Islands, island group in the Torres Strait, north of Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, Australia, and south of the island of New Guinea. The group comprises dozens of islands scattered over some 18,500 square miles (48,000 square km) of water and organized into four geomorphological

  • Torres Vedras, lines of (defense system, Portugal)

    Arthur Wellesley, 1st duke of Wellington: Victory in the Napoleonic Wars: …fortified the famous “lines of Torres Vedras” across the Lisbon peninsula. Masséna’s evacuation of Portugal in the spring of 1811 and the loss of Fuentes de O?oro (May 3–5) triumphantly justified Wellington’s defensive, scorched-earth policy and confirmed his soldiers’ trust in him. He was nicknamed “nosey” by his men, and…

  • Torres Villarroel, Diego de (Spanish writer)

    Diego de Torres Villarroel, mathematician and writer, famous in his own time as the great maker of almanacs that delighted the Spanish public, now remembered for his Vida, picaresque memoirs that are among the best sources for information on life in 18th-century Spain. The son of a bookseller, he

  • Torres y Quevado, Leonardo (Spanish engineer)

    Leonardo Torres Quevedo, Spanish engineer. In 1890 he introduced an electromagnetic device capable of playing a limited form of chess. Though it did not always play the best moves and sometimes took much longer than a competent human player to win, it demonstrated the capability of machines to be

  • Torres, Antonio de (Spanish explorer)

    Christopher Columbus: The second and third voyages: On February 2 Antonio de Torres left La Isabela with 12 ships, some gold, spices, parrots, and captives (most of whom died en route), as well as the bad news about Navidad and some complaints about Columbus’s methods of government. While Torres headed for Spain, two of Columbus’s…

  • Torres, Beatriz Mariana (Argentine actress)

    Beatriz Mariana Torres, (“Lolita”), Argentine actress (born March 26, 1930, Avellaneda, Arg.—died Sept. 14, 2002, Buenos Aires, Arg.), gained renown and the admiration of international audiences for her roles in musical comedies, which showcased her fine singing voice. Her popularity was due in p

  • Torres, Camillo (Colombian guerrilla)

    Roman Catholicism: After independence: … of Recife, Brazil, and by Camillo Torres, a priest killed in his role as a Colombian guerrilla. In some Latin American countries, even clergy who preached nonviolence were persecuted and killed by the military because they were perceived as sympathetic to leftist guerrillas. In El Salvador, for example, Archbishop Oscar…

  • Torres, Chegui (Puerto Rican boxer)

    José Torres, Puerto Rican professional boxer, world light heavyweight (175 pounds) champion, 1965–66. Torres was a member of the 1956 U.S. Olympic boxing team and a silver medalist in the light middleweight (71 kg, or 156.5 pounds) division before turning professional in 1958. He won the light

  • Torres, Fernando (Brazilian actor)

    Fernanda Montenegro: …debut in 1950 alongside actor Fernando Torres, whom she married three years later. In 1959 she and Torres established their own theatre company, producing and acting in Portuguese-language productions of numerous works by such playwrights as Edward Albee, Samuel Beckett, and Arthur Miller.

  • Torres, José (Puerto Rican boxer)

    José Torres, Puerto Rican professional boxer, world light heavyweight (175 pounds) champion, 1965–66. Torres was a member of the 1956 U.S. Olympic boxing team and a silver medalist in the light middleweight (71 kg, or 156.5 pounds) division before turning professional in 1958. He won the light

  • Torres, Juan José (Bolivian general)

    Hugo Bánzer Suárez: …himself overthrew the leftist General Juan José Torres on August 22, 1971. Bánzer encouraged foreign investment, but his restrictive policies regarding union activity and constitutional liberties led to opposition from labour leaders, clergymen, peasants, and students. All opposition was severely repressed. In 1974 he survived two coup attempts and also…

  • Torres, Lolita (Argentine actress)

    Beatriz Mariana Torres, (“Lolita”), Argentine actress (born March 26, 1930, Avellaneda, Arg.—died Sept. 14, 2002, Buenos Aires, Arg.), gained renown and the admiration of international audiences for her roles in musical comedies, which showcased her fine singing voice. Her popularity was due in p

  • Torres, Luis Vaez de (Spanish navigator)

    Australia: The Spanish: …ship of the expedition, under Luis de Torres, went on to sail through the Torres Strait but almost certainly failed to sight Australia; and all Quirós’s fervour failed to persuade Spanish officialdom to mount another expedition.

  • Torres-García, Joaquín (Uruguayan painter)

    Joaquín Torres-García, Uruguayan painter who introduced Constructivism to South America. In 1891 Torres-García moved with his family from Uruguay to Spain, where they lived in Barcelona. In 1894 he began studying academic painting at Barcelona’s Academy of Fine Arts. By 1896 he had begun to rebel

  • Torrey Canyon oil spill (environmental disaster, off the coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom [1967])

    oil spill: Largest oil-tanker spills in history: …in European waters were the Torrey Canyon disaster off Cornwall, England, in 1967 (119,000 metric tons of crude oil were spilled) and the Amoco Cadiz disaster off Brittany, France, in 1978 (223,000 metric tons of crude oil and ship fuel were spilled). Both events led to lasting changes in the…

  • Torrey pine (tree)

    pine: Major North American pines: The Torrey pine (P. torreyana) is found only in a narrow strip along the coast near San Diego, California, and on Santa Rosa Island and is the least widely distributed of all known pines.

  • Torrey’s Mormon tea (plant)

    Ephedra: Major species and uses: aspera), and Torrey’s Mormon tea (E. torreyana). The plants have been used by native peoples and pioneers as sources of food and medicinals, and stem fragments of species in the southwestern United States and Mexico are used in a tealike preparation known variously as Mormon tea, Mexican…

  • Torrey, Charles Cutler (American biblical scholar)

    Charles Cutler Torrey, U.S. Semitic scholar who held independent and stimulating views on certain biblical problems. Torrey studied at Bowdoin (Maine) College and Andover (Mass.) Theological Seminary and in Europe. He taught Semitic languages at Andover (1892–1900) and Yale (1900–32), and was

  • Torrey, John (American botanist and chemist)

    John Torrey, botanist and chemist known for his extensive studies of North American flora. Torrey was educated at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City (M.D., 1818), where he became a cofounder of the Lyceum of Natural History, later the New York Academy of Sciences. In 1817 he

  • Torreya (plant genus)

    Torreya, a genus of approximately six species of ornamental trees and shrubs in the yew family (Taxaceae), distributed in localized areas of the western and southeastern United States, China, and Japan. Torreyas have persistent, linear, bristle-pointed leaves, arranged roughly in two rows, or

  • Torreya californica (plant)

    California nutmeg, (Torreya californica), ornamental evergreen conifer of the yew family (Taxaceae), found naturally only in California. Growing to a height of 24 metres (about 79 feet) or more, the tree bears spreading, slightly drooping branches. Although pyramidal in shape when young, it may be

  • Torreya nucifera (plant)

    Japanese torreya, (Torreya nucifera), an ornamental evergreen timber tree of the yew family (Taxaceae), native to the southern islands of Japan. Although it is the hardiest species of its genus and may be 10 to 25 metres (about 35 to 80 feet) tall, it assumes a shrubby form in less temperate areas.

  • Torreya taxifolia (tree)

    Stinking yew, (species Torreya taxifolia), an ornamental evergreen conifer tree of the yew family (Taxaceae), limited in distribution to western Florida and southwestern Georgia, U.S. The stinking yew, which grows to 13 metres (about 43 feet) in height in cultivation, carries an open pyramidal head

  • Torricelli’s equation (physics)

    Torricelli’s theorem, statement that the speed, v, of a liquid flowing under the force of gravity out of an opening in a tank is proportional jointly to the square root of the vertical distance, h, between the liquid surface and the centre of the opening and to the square root of twice the

  • Torricelli’s law (physics)

    Torricelli’s theorem, statement that the speed, v, of a liquid flowing under the force of gravity out of an opening in a tank is proportional jointly to the square root of the vertical distance, h, between the liquid surface and the centre of the opening and to the square root of twice the

  • Torricelli’s principle (physics)

    Torricelli’s theorem, statement that the speed, v, of a liquid flowing under the force of gravity out of an opening in a tank is proportional jointly to the square root of the vertical distance, h, between the liquid surface and the centre of the opening and to the square root of twice the

  • Torricelli’s theorem (physics)

    Torricelli’s theorem, statement that the speed, v, of a liquid flowing under the force of gravity out of an opening in a tank is proportional jointly to the square root of the vertical distance, h, between the liquid surface and the centre of the opening and to the square root of twice the

  • Torricelli, Evangelista (Italian physicist and mathematician)

    Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician who invented the barometer and whose work in geometry aided in the eventual development of integral calculus. Inspired by Galileo’s writings, he wrote a treatise on mechanics, De Motu (“Concerning Movement”), which impressed Galileo. In

  • Torricellia (plant genus)

    Apiales: Other families: Torricelliaceae has three genera: Torricellia, with three species native to the Himalayan region and western China; Aralidium, with one species in western Malesia; and Melanophylla, with seven species in Madagascar. Myodocarpaceae has 19 species in two genera, Delarbrea and Myodocarpus, all of which are

  • Torricelliaceae (plant family)

    Apiales: Other families: are Pennantiaceae, Griseliniaceae, Torricelliaceae, and Myodocarpaceae, which are woody species with separate male and female plants; their flowers are clustered at the ends of branches, and their fruits are single-seeded. Pennantia is the only genus in Pennantiaceae, with four species native to northeastern Australia, Norfolk Island, and New…

  • Torridge (district, England, United Kingdom)

    Torridge, district in the northwestern part of the administrative and historic county of Devon, southwestern England. It is located on the Bristol Channel, with its eastern boundary at the mouth of the River Torridge, the site of Bideford, its main town and administrative centre. The geology of the

  • Torridincolidae (insect family)

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Family Torridincolidae (torrent beetles) Small flattened beetles; dark-coloured, often with metallic sheen; aquatic. Suborder Polyphaga Includes the majority of beetles; wing with base of Rs vein absent; prothorax never with distinct notopleural suture. Superfamily

  • Torridon, Loch (inlet, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Loch Torridon, Atlantic sea inlet, fed by the River Torridon, Highland region, Scotland, lying opposite the northeastern portion of the isle of Skye. The loch penetrates 13 miles (21 km) east-southeast inland and is divided into three separate reaches that are divided by narrow straits: Loch

  • Torriente, Cristóbal (Cuban baseball player)

    Latin Americans in Major League Baseball Through the First Years of the 21st Century: Early history: A Cuban left-handed slugger, Cristóbal Torriente, playing for the Chicago American Giants, reached stardom in the Negro National League. Averaging .335 at bat, he played 17 years in the Negro leagues and later was also outstanding in Cuban League play.

  • Torrigiani, Pietro (Florentine artist)

    Pietro Torrigiani, Florentine sculptor and painter who became the first exponent of the Italian Renaissance idiom in England. Torrigiani was a student, along with Michelangelo, of Bertoldo di Giovanni at the Academy of Lorenzo de’ Medici. He left Florence and worked in Rome, Bologna, Siena, and

  • Torrijos Herrera, Omar (dictator of Panama)

    Omar Torrijos, dictator-like leader of Panama (1968–78), who negotiated the Panama Canal treaties with the United States, leading to Panama’s eventual assumption of control of the canal. Educated at a military school in El Salvador, Torrijos also studied military-related subjects in the United

  • Torrijos, Martín (president of Panama)

    Mireya Moscoso: Her main opponent was Martín Torrijos, the son of former dictator Omar Torrijos and the candidate of the ruling Democratic Revolutionary Party. The platforms of the two principal candidates did not differ in most respects. Overall, she was seen as the more populist candidate, Torrijos as more sympathetic to…

  • Torrijos, Omar (dictator of Panama)

    Omar Torrijos, dictator-like leader of Panama (1968–78), who negotiated the Panama Canal treaties with the United States, leading to Panama’s eventual assumption of control of the canal. Educated at a military school in El Salvador, Torrijos also studied military-related subjects in the United

  • Torrington (Wyoming, United States)

    Torrington, town, seat (1913) of Goshen county, southeastern Wyoming, U.S., on the North Platte River, near the Nebraska border. The site, 23 miles (37 km) east of Fort Laramie National Historic Site, was on the Texas and Oregon trails and the Pony Express route. It was laid out in 1908 and named

  • Torrington (Connecticut, United States)

    Torrington, city, coextensive with the town (township) of Torrington, Litchfield county, northwestern Connecticut, U.S., on the Naugatuck River. The town was named in 1732 for Great Torrington, England, but the area was not settled until 1737. The town was incorporated in 1740. The village went by

  • Torrington, Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of (English admiral)
  • Torrio, Giovanni (American gangster)

    Johnny Torrio, American gangster who became a top crime boss in Chicago and one of the founders of modern organized crime in America. Born in a village near Naples, Torrio was brought to New York City by his widowed mother when he was two. He became a brothel-saloonkeeper and leader of the James

  • Torrio, John (American gangster)

    Johnny Torrio, American gangster who became a top crime boss in Chicago and one of the founders of modern organized crime in America. Born in a village near Naples, Torrio was brought to New York City by his widowed mother when he was two. He became a brothel-saloonkeeper and leader of the James

  • Torrio, Johnny (American gangster)

    Johnny Torrio, American gangster who became a top crime boss in Chicago and one of the founders of modern organized crime in America. Born in a village near Naples, Torrio was brought to New York City by his widowed mother when he was two. He became a brothel-saloonkeeper and leader of the James

  • Torriti, Jacopo (Italian mosaicist)

    mosaic: Medieval mosaics in western Europe: The mosaics by Jacopo Torriti in the apse of the basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (c. 1290–1305) are among the finest of these. They show a mingling of Western medieval and Early Christian iconographical features, such as a scene of the crowning of the Virgin surrounded by the…

  • Torroja y Miret, Eduardo (Spanish architect and engineer)

    Eduardo Torroja, Spanish architect and engineer notable as a pioneer in the design of concrete-shell structures. Torroja graduated as an engineer in 1923 and began working with a contractor. He became a consulting engineer in 1927. His first concrete-shell structure, a covered market in Algeciras

  • Torroja, Eduardo (Spanish architect and engineer)

    Eduardo Torroja, Spanish architect and engineer notable as a pioneer in the design of concrete-shell structures. Torroja graduated as an engineer in 1923 and began working with a contractor. He became a consulting engineer in 1927. His first concrete-shell structure, a covered market in Algeciras

  • torse (heraldry)

    heraldry: The reading of heraldry: In formal blazons the wreath (also called the torse) is given as well; thus, crest—on a wreath of the colours, a wolf passant proper (Trelawny). The wreath is not usually mentioned, however, because like the helmet it is always assumed to be there. The term colours refers to the…

  • Tórshavn (Faroe Islands)

    Tórshavn, port and capital of the Faroe Islands, Denmark. It is situated at the southern tip of Streymoy (Streym), the largest of the Faroe Islands. Tórshavn was founded in the 13th century, but it remained only a small village for several centuries thereafter. The ancient Lagting, or Faeroese

  • torsion (biology)

    gastropod: Reproduction and life cycles: …larva, called a veliger, undergoes torsion, a 180° twisting of the body that brings the posterior part of the body to an anterior position behind the head. Torsion is unique to the gastropods.

  • torsion (physics)

    mechanics of solids: The general theory of elasticity: …in simple problems such as torsion and bending, was mainly the achievement of the British-born engineer and applied mathematician Ronald S. Rivlin in the 1940s and ’50s.

  • torsion balance (measurement instrument)

    Torsion balance, device used to measure the gravitational acceleration at the Earth’s surface. Other such devices, using different methods to obtain the same result, are pendulums and gravimeters. The torsion balance consists essentially of two small masses at different elevations that are

  • torsion bar (mechanics)

    Torsion bar, rod or bar that resists twisting and has a strong tendency to return to its original position when twisted. In automobiles a torsion bar is a long spring-steel element with one end held rigidly to the frame and the other end twisted by a lever connected to the axle. It thus provides a

  • torsional vibration (seismology)

    earthquake: Long-period oscillations of the globe: …designated as T modes, or torsional vibrations, there is shear but no radial displacements. The nomenclature is nSl and nTl, where the letters n and l are related to the surfaces in the vibration at which there is zero motion. Four examples are illustrated in the figure. The subscript n…

  • torsk (fish)

    Cusk, (Brosme brosme), long-bodied food fish of the cod family, Gadidae, found along the ocean bottom in deep offshore waters on either side of the North Atlantic. The cusk is a small-scaled fish with a large mouth and a barbel on its chin. It has one dorsal and one anal fin, both long and both

  • Torso (sculpture by Whiteread)

    Rachel Whiteread: >Torso. Each was a plaster cast of some interior space, an effect roughly comparable to the casts made of those who died at Pompeii. Torso embodies the interior of a hot-water bottle; Mantle casts the space directly below and outlined by a dressing table; Shallow…

  • torso (anatomy)

    human muscle system: Changes in the muscles of the trunk: The consequences of an upright posture for the support of both the thoracic and the abdominal viscera are profound, but the muscular modifications in the trunk are few. Whereas in pronograde animals the abdominal viscera are supported by the ventral abdominal wall, in the…

  • Torstenson, Lennart (Swedish military officer)

    Lennart Torstenson, Swedish field marshal and artillerist who transformed the use of field artillery, making it mobile to a previously unknown degree. He won important victories in the Thirty Years’ War and in Sweden’s war against Denmark (1643–45). The son of a Swedish officer, Torstenson fought

  • Torsvan, Berick Traven (author)

    B. Traven, novelist noted as a writer of adventure stories and as a chronicler of rural life in Mexico. A recluse, Traven refused personal data to publishers; hence many theories have arisen as to his parentage, his nationality, and his general identity. Most of his books were originally written in

  • tort (law)

    Tort, in common law, civil law, and the vast majority of legal systems that derive from them, any instance of harmful behaviour, such as physical attack on one’s person or interference with one’s possessions or with the use and enjoyment of one’s land, economic interests (under certain conditions),

  • tort-feasor (law)

    tort: Loss spreading: …from the victim to the tortfeasor. For a long time the only plausible excuse for such a shift was deemed to be the tortfeasor’s fault. Certainly it seemed right to make wrongdoers pay. The corollary, that he who is not at fault need not pay, also appealed to 19th-century judges…

  • torte (cake)

    cake: The torte is a very rich cake found throughout Europe, often of numerous thin layers and containing nuts, fruit, creme, and chocolate in combination. The claim to invention of the world-famous chocolate Sachertorte is disputed between two Vienna hotels.

  • tortellini (food)

    Tortellini, a ring-shaped Italian pasta stuffed with cheese or meat that is most traditionally served in broth (en brodo), though other sauces—including those made from tomato, mushroom, or meat—are also popular. Tortellini originates from the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, and it is particularly

  • torticollis (pathology)

    Torticollis, abnormality in which the neck is in a twisted, bent position such that the head is pulled to one side and the chin points to the other. In infants the most common causes of torticollis include congenital shortening of muscles on one side of the neck, malposition of the fetus in the

Your preference has been recorded
Check out Britannica's new site for parents!
Subscribe Today!
港台一级毛片免费观看