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  • Little Boy (novel by Ferlinghetti)

    Lawrence Ferlinghetti: …Ferlinghetti published the autobiographical novel Little Boy (2019).

  • Little Boy (bomb)

    nuclear weapon: The weapons are used: …untested uranium-235 gun-assembly bomb, nicknamed Little Boy, was airburst 580 metres (1,900 feet) above the city to maximize destruction; it was later estimated to yield 15 kilotons. Two-thirds of the city area was destroyed. The population present at the time was estimated at 350,000; of these, 140,000 died by the…

  • Little Boy: The Arts of Japan’s Exploding Subculture (Japanese art exhibition)

    Takashi Murakami: …he curated the exhibition “Little Boy: The Arts of Japan’s Exploding Subculture.” Featuring the work of young Japanese artists, the show examined the otaku (“geek”) movement propelling anime and manga—two industries at the heart of Japanese popular culture. Also in 2005 Murakami displayed his monumental sculpture Tongari-Kun—Mr. Pointy &…

  • Little Brewster (island, Massachusetts, United States)

    lighthouse: The beginning of the modern era: …was on the island of Little Brewster, also off Boston. By 1820 there were an estimated 250 major lighthouses in the world.

  • Little Britain (English radio and tv show)

    David Walliams: …they adapted their radio show, Little Britain, to television in 2003. In a series of sketches, the two played eccentric, sometimes grotesque characters living in all parts of Great Britain. The show could be coarse and controversial at times, but it was enormously popular, gaining a wide audience and introducing…

  • Little Bronze Statue from the Land of Real Estate, Grapefruit, and Alligators, the (American diver)

    Pete Desjardins, Canadian-born American diver who won a silver medal in the springboard at the 1924 Olympics in Paris and gold medals in the springboard and platform events at the 1928 Games in Amsterdam, an achievement that was not matched by a male diver until Greg Louganis won both events at the

  • Little Bronze Statue, the (American diver)

    Pete Desjardins, Canadian-born American diver who won a silver medal in the springboard at the 1924 Olympics in Paris and gold medals in the springboard and platform events at the 1928 Games in Amsterdam, an achievement that was not matched by a male diver until Greg Louganis won both events at the

  • Little Brothers of Jesus and Little Sisters of Jesus (Roman Catholic congregations)

    Little Brothers of Jesus and Little Sisters of Jesus, Roman Catholic religious congregations inspired by the example of Charles-Eugène de Foucauld, a French military officer and explorer who experienced a religious conversion in 1886, while serving in Morocco. He later lived as a hermit among the

  • Little Brothers of Mary (Roman Catholic congregation)

    Marist Brother, a Roman Catholic congregation of teaching brothers founded near Lyon, Fr., on Jan. 2, 1817, by Marcellin Champagnat for the Christian education of French youth. In 1836 several brothers accompanied the first Marist Fathers to the mission field of the South Pacific islands. Since

  • little brown bat (mammal)

    brown bat: …80 species, among them the little brown bat (M. lucifugus) of North America and the large mouse-eared bat (M. myotis) of Europe. Members of the genus are about 3.5–8 cm (about 1.4–3.1 inches) long without the 4–6-cm (1.6–2.4-inch) tail and weigh about 5–45 grams (0.2–1.6 ounces). Apart from humans, they…

  • Little Brown Jug (harness race)

    Delaware: Since 1946 the Little Brown Jug, an annual harness-racing classic, has been held in September at the Delaware County Fair. Inc. town, 1815; city, 1903. Pop. (2000) 25,243; (2010) 34,753.

  • little bustard (bird)

    bustard: The little bustard (Otis tetrax) ranges from western Europe and Morocco to Afghanistan. The bustards of South Africa are known as paauw, the largest being the great paauw or kori bustard (Ardeotis kori). The Arabian bustard (A. arabs) is found in Morocco and in northern tropical…

  • Little Caesar (film by LeRoy [1931])

    Little Caesar, American gangster film, released in 1931, considered a classic of the genre. In a critically acclaimed performance, Edward G. Robinson plays Rico Bandello, a petty crook who ultimately schemes his way to the top of a Chicago mob. His newfound status, however, puts him at odds with

  • Little Caucasus (mountain range, Eurasia)

    Lesser Caucasus, range of folded mountains in the southern part of the Caucasus region, connected with the main Caucasus Mountains by means of the Likhsky Mountains, which form the divide between the basins of the Rioni and Kura rivers. The range covers portions of Georgia, Armenia, and

  • Little Cayman (island, West Indies)

    Cayman Islands: …the islands of Grand Cayman, Little Cayman, and Cayman Brac, situated about 180 miles (290 km) northwest of Jamaica. The islands are the outcroppings of a submarine mountain range that extends northeastward from Belize to Cuba. The capital is George Town, on Grand Cayman.

  • Little Champ, the (American boxer)

    Abe Attell, American professional boxer, undisputed world featherweight champion from 1906 through 1912. Attell was from a poor Jewish family and began his boxing career at 15 as a means of supplementing the family’s income. In his first 32 bouts he was victorious 31 times (24 by knockout) and

  • Little Chaos, A (film by Rickman [2014])

    Kate Winslet: …wafted through the period piece A Little Chaos (2014), a fictional take on the romantic life of Versailles garden designer André Le N?tre.

  • little chief hare (mammal)

    Pika, (genus Ochotona), small short-legged and virtually tailless egg-shaped mammal found in the mountains of western North America and much of Asia. Despite their small size, body shape, and round ears, pikas are not rodents but the smallest representatives of the lagomorphs, a group otherwise

  • Little Children (film by Field [2006])

    Kate Winslet: In Little Children (2006) she appeared as a housewife whose frustration with the tedium of her suburban existence results in an adulterous affair. Winslet earned her fifth Academy Award nomination for that performance; she was the youngest actress to have received that many nominations. She turned…

  • little climatic optimum (climatology)

    Medieval warm period (MWP), brief climatic interval that is hypothesized to have occurred from approximately 900 ce to 1300 (roughly coinciding with the Middle Ages in Europe), in which relatively warm conditions are said to have prevailed in various parts of the world, though predominantly in the

  • little club moss (plant)

    Spike moss, (family Selaginellaceae), family of more than 700 species of mossy or fernlike seedless vascular plants of the order Selaginellales. The family consists of a single genus, Selaginella. They are widely distributed in all parts of the world, particularly in the tropics. Many are forest

  • Little Colonel, The (film by Butler [1935])

    David Butler: …guide her to stardom with The Little Colonel (1935), The Littlest Rebel (1935), and Captain January (1936). The hugely successful comedies helped establish Temple as Hollywood’s top box-office attraction. Butler’s later movies for Twentieth Century-Fox included Pigskin Parade (1936); Ali Baba Goes to Town (1937), a clever musical featuring Eddie…

  • Little Colorado River (river, Arizona, United States)

    Arizona: Drainage: The Little Colorado River—which drains the Mogollon Rim’s lee side and flows from southeast to northwest into the Colorado River between Marble Canyon and the Grand Canyon—draws and transports little water from its large watershed. Because of the rain shadow effect on the Mogollon Rim’s lee…

  • Little Corporal, the (emperor of France)

    Napoleon I, French general, first consul (1799–1804), and emperor of the French (1804–1814/15), one of the most celebrated personages in the history of the West. He revolutionized military organization and training; sponsored the Napoleonic Code, the prototype of later civil-law codes; reorganized

  • little crake (bird)

    crake: …to the Philippines; and the little crake (P. parva), a relatively common Eurasian form.

  • Little Creatures (album by Talking Heads)

    Talking Heads: Little Creatures (1985) returned the group to a simpler sound and became its first million-seller. Talking Heads’ final album was 1988’s Naked. The group then ceased to exist, its farewell unannounced.

  • Little Criminals (album by Newman)

    Randy Newman: …biggest hits, “Short People” from Little Criminals (1977) and “I Love L.A.” from Trouble in Paradise (1983), was lost on many listeners. Land of Dreams (1988) was Newman’s most personal album; in 1995 he released Faust, a concept album based on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Faust. The boxed set Guilty:…

  • Little Cripple (Brazilian sculptor and architect)

    Aleijadinho, prolific and influential Brazilian sculptor and architect whose Rococo statuary and religious articles complement the dramatic sobriety of his churches. Aleijadinho, the son of the Portuguese architect Manoel Francisco Lisboa and an African woman, was born with a degenerative disease

  • Little Crow (Sioux leader)

    Sioux: The beginning of the struggle for the West: …under the leadership of Chief Little Crow mounted a bloody attempt to clear their traditional territory of outsiders. U.S. troops soon pacified the region, but only after more than 400 settlers, 70 U.S. soldiers, and 30 Santee had been killed. More than 300 Santee were condemned to death for their…

  • Little Cumbrae (island, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    the Cumbraes: Little Cumbrae measures 1 square mile (2.6 square km) and is separated from its larger neighbour by the Tan, a strait 0.5 mile (0.9 km) wide. It reaches an elevation of 406 feet (124 metres). Nearly all of the population of the two islands lives…

  • Little Dancer Aged 14, The (sculpture by Degas)

    Edgar Degas: A versatile technician: …the tantalizingly lifelike wax sculpture, The Little Dancer Aged 14 (1878–81). Shown at the Impressionist exhibition of 1881, this work carried the possibilities of visual realism to new extremes by incorporating an actual, reduced-scale tutu, ballet slippers, a human-hair wig, and a silk ribbon.

  • Little Desert (desert, Victoria, Australia)

    Victoria: Drainage and soils: Similarly, the Little Desert, which straddles the state’s western boundary just to the south of the Big Desert, consists of deep sands, deficient in zinc and copper, that render the land unsuitable for settlement. Otherwise, the light soils of the Mallee are easily cultivated, and the development…

  • Little Diomede Island (islands, Bering Sea)

    Diomede Islands, two small islands in the Bering Strait, lying about 2.5 miles (4 km) apart and separated by the U.S.–Russian boundary, which coincides with the International Date Line. The larger island, Big Diomede (Russian: Ostrov Ratmanova [Ratmanov Island]), has an area of 4 square miles (10

  • Little diplegia (pathology)

    cerebral palsy: …the arms and hands (Little diplegia), or only the legs may be affected (paraplegia). The cerebral damage causing spastic cerebral palsy primarily affects the neurons and connections of the cerebral cortex, either of one cerebral hemisphere (contralateral to paralysis), as in infantile hemiplegia, or of both hemispheres, as in…

  • Little Dipper (constellation)

    The Little Dipper, constellation of seven stars of the larger constellation Ursa Minor

  • Little Disturbances of Man: Stories of Men and Women at Love, The (work by Paley)

    Grace Paley: …first volume of short stories, The Little Disturbances of Man: Stories of Men and Women at Love (1959), was noted for its realistic dialogue. It was followed by Enormous Changes at the Last Minute (1974) and Later the Same Day (1985), both of which continued her compassionate, often comic, exploration…

  • Little Domesday (English history)

    Domesday Book: …preserved in volume II (Little Domesday), which, for some reason, was never summarized and added to the larger volume.

  • Little Dorrit (film by Edzard [1987])

    Alec Guinness: … (1984) and William Dorrit in Little Dorrit (1987). In 1980 he won a special Academy Award for memorable film performances.

  • Little Dorrit (novel by Dickens)

    Little Dorrit, novel by Charles Dickens, published serially from 1855 to 1857 and in book form in 1857. The novel attacks the injustices of the contemporary English legal system, particularly the institution of debtors’ prison. Amy Dorrit, referred to as Little Dorrit, is born in and lives much of

  • Little Drummer Girl, The (film by Hill [1984])

    George Roy Hill: Later work: Moviegoers also avoided The Little Drummer Girl (1984), an adaptation of the complicated John le Carré novel. After directing Chevy Chase in the comedy Funny Farm (1988), Hill left Hollywood to teach drama at Yale.

  • Little Drummer Girl, The (work by le Carré)

    John le Carré: In The Little Drummer Girl (1983; film 1984; television miniseries 2018) a young actress is persuaded by the Israeli secret service to infiltrate a Palestinian terrorist group. Le Carré’s later novels include A Perfect Spy (1986; miniseries 1987), the story of a double agent; The Russia…

  • little egret (bird)

    egret: The little egret (E. garzetta), of the Old World, about 55 cm long, is white with firm plumes on the head and lacy plumes on the back.

  • Little Egypt (American dancer)

    burlesque show: …with the belly dancing of Little Egypt at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago (1893), established such stars as Ann Corio, Gypsy Rose Lee, Margie Hart, and Georgia Southern. Censorship and “clean-up” policies, and then the competition of motion pictures, led to the decline of burlesque. By the early 1960s…

  • little elephant (plant)

    lousewort: For example, the little elephant (P. groenlandica) presents the aspect of head, trunk, and ears of an elephant in its pink flowers, which are 2.5 cm (1 inch) long.

  • Little Em’ly (fictional character)

    Emily, fictional character, the childhood playmate and first love of David Copperfield in Charles Dickens’s novel David Copperfield

  • Little Entente (Balkan history)

    Little Entente, mutual defense arrangement among Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania during the period between World Wars I and II. Based on several treaties (1920–21), it was directed against German and Hungarian domination in the Danube River basin and toward the protection of the members’

  • little epic (poetry)

    Epyllion, brief narrative poem in dactylic hexameter of ancient Greece, usually dealing with mythological and romantic themes. It is characterized by lively description, miniaturistic attitude, scholarly allusion, and an elevated tone similar to that of the elegy. Such poems were especially popular

  • Little Eva (American singer)

    Little Eva, (Eva Narcissus Boyd), American pop singer (born June 29, 1943, Belhaven, N.C.—died April 10, 2003, Kinston, N.C.), achieved timeless popularity in 1962 with her recording of “The Loco-Motion.” Little Eva, who was working as a babysitter for the songwriting duo Carole King and Gerry G

  • Little Eva (fictional character)

    Little Eva, fictional character, the frail, angelic daughter of a Southern slave owner who befriends the black slave Uncle Tom, in Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1851–52) by Harriet Beecher

  • Little Eyolf (play by Ibsen)

    Little Eyolf, play in three acts by Henrik Ibsen, published in Norwegian as Lille Eyolf in 1894 and produced the following year. This complex psychological drama is acclaimed for its subtle intricacies and profound ironies. Alfred Allmers returns from his mountain retreat to discover that his

  • Little Falls (Minnesota, United States)

    Little Falls, city, seat (1856) of Morrison county, central Minnesota, U.S. It lies on the Mississippi River, in an agricultural and lake area, about 30 miles (50 km) north of St. Cloud. Sioux and Ojibwa Indians were early inhabitants of the area. The community was settled in 1848, and the

  • Little Falls (waterfall, Minnesota, United States)

    Minnehaha Falls, waterfall in Minnehaha Park, Minneapolis, eastern Minnesota, U.S. It is formed by Minnehaha Creek, which flows to the Mississippi River from Lake Minnetonka. The falls have a drop of 53 feet (16 metres) and were known earlier as Little Falls or Brown’s Falls. They were immortalized

  • Little Flower, the (Roman Catholic nun)

    St. Thérèse of Lisieux, ; canonized May 17, 1925; feast day October 1), Carmelite nun whose service to her Roman Catholic order, although outwardly unremarkable, was later recognized for its exemplary spiritual accomplishments. She was named a doctor of the church by Pope John Paul II in 1997.

  • Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi, The (Italian literature)

    Italian literature: Religious and historical literature: …Fioretti di San Francesco (The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi).

  • Little Fockers (film by Weitz [2010])

    Robert De Niro: Comedies and later work: …Meet the Fockers (2004) and Little Fockers (2010). In 2008 De Niro reteamed with Pacino in the police drama Righteous Kill, and the following year he starred in Everybody’s Fine, portraying a widower who discovers various truths about his adult children. He later took supporting roles in the thrillers Machete…

  • Little Fort (Illinois, United States)

    Waukegan, city, seat (1841) of Lake county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It lies on a high bluff above Lake Michigan, about 40 miles (65 km) north of Chicago. One of the oldest communities in the state, it was originally a Potawatomi Indian settlement. It was visited by the French explorer Jacques

  • Little Foxes, The (play by Hellman)

    The Little Foxes, drama in three acts by Lillian Hellman, a chronicle of greed and hate in a ruthless family in the American South, produced and published in 1939. The play is set in the South at the turn of the 20th century and concerns the manipulative Regina Giddens and her two brothers, Ben and

  • Little Foxes, The (film by Wyler [1941])

    William Wyler: Films of the 1940s: …having remarried) next collaborated on The Little Foxes (1941), a chronicle of greed and hate in a ruthless family that was based on Hellman’s Southern gothic play of the same name. A favourite with critics, the film was nominated for an Academy Award, as were Wyler (best director), Davis (best…

  • Little Friend, The (novel by Tartt)

    Donna Tartt: …her eagerly anticipated second work, The Little Friend (2002), which was set in the South and traced the attempt of a 12-year-old girl to avenge the death of her brother. In terms of tone, setting, and plot, the work was almost the antithesis of her first novel. The Little Friend…

  • Little Fugitive (film by Ashley, Engel, and Orton [1953])

    Ruth Orkin: …Engel collaborated on the film Little Fugitive (1953), which follows a young boy who has run away from home to Coney Island under the false impression that he has killed his older brother. The film won the Silver Lion at the 1953 Venice Film Festival and was nominated for an…

  • Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession (gallery, New York City, New York, United States)

    Alfred Stieglitz: The Photo-Secession: …protégé Steichen, Stieglitz opened the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession, a name soon shortened to 291, the gallery’s address on lower Fifth Avenue in New York City. During the gallery’s first four years it most often functioned as an exhibition space for the Photo-Secession photographers. By the 1909 season, however,…

  • Little Gandak (river, India)

    Ghaghara River: Kuwana, the Rapti, and the Little Gandak rivers—all flow into the Ghaghara from the mountains to the north. Together with the Ganges and its tributaries, it has helped form the vast alluvial plain of northern Uttar Pradesh. Along its lower course it is also called the Sarju River (the Sarabos…

  • Little Ganges Island (atoll, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean)

    Rakahanga Atoll, one of the northern Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. It is a sparsely populated rectangular coral atoll 3 miles (5 km) long comprising eight islets. Rakahanga has also been known as Grand Duke Alexander Island,

  • Little Giant, The (film by Del Ruth [1933])

    Roy Del Ruth: Early films: …five more films in 1933: The Little Giant, with Edward G. Robinson in good comic form as a beer baron who, after the repeal of Prohibition, tries to enter society and falls in love with a struggling socialite (Mary Astor); The Mind Reader, with William as a con man who…

  • Little Gidding (poem by Eliot)

    Little Gidding, poem by T.S. Eliot, originally appearing in 1942, both in the New English Weekly and in pamphlet form. The next year, it was published in a volume with the previous three poems of The Four Quartets. “Little Gidding” is written in five sections in strong-stress metre; it concludes

  • little grass frog (amphibian)

    chorus frog: …115 inches) long, but the little grass frog (P. ocularis) reaches a maximum of 1.9 cm (34 inch), and Strecker’s chorus frog (P. streckeri) may grow to 4.5 cm (145 inches).

  • Little Green (novel by Mosley)

    Walter Mosley: …revealed to have survived in Little Green (2013), in which he becomes involved in locating a young man who has disappeared after visiting the Sunset Strip. Later books in the series included Rose Gold (2014) and Charcoal Joe (2016).

  • little gull (bird)

    gull: …the smallest gull is the little gull (L. minutus), a black-headed species of Europe and occasionally North America.

  • Little Havana (district, Miami, Florida, United States)

    Miami: The contemporary city: The Little Havana district, just west of downtown, developed as a largely Cuban enclave within the city. Its annual Calle Ocho festival (March; part of the Carnaval Miami celebration) draws large crowds of visitors. Little Haiti, to the north of downtown, developed as a primarily Haitian…

  • Little Henry (helicopter)

    history of flight: Turbine-powered helicopters: In 1947 the McDonnell “Little Henry” used a similar principle, using ramjets mounted at each end of the two-blade rotor for power. A Garrett Air Research gas turbine, normally used for auxiliary power units, supplied the motive air. The military was the primary market for early turbine-powered, or turboshaft,…

  • Little Horde (Kazak khanate)

    Kazakhstan: Kazakhstan to c. 1700 ce: …the Aral Sea; and the Little Horde, between the Aral Sea and the Ural River. In each horde the authority of the khan tended to be curtailed by the power exercised by tribal chieftains, known as sultans, and perhaps even more by the beys and batyrs (the heads of the…

  • Little House (building, Ara, India)

    Ara: The Little House at Ara is a building that was defended by the British against Kunwar Singh during the Indian Mutiny in 1857–58. Ara was constituted a municipality in 1865. Pop. (2001) 203,380; (2011) 261,430.

  • Little House in the Big Woods (work by Wilder)

    Helen Moore Sewell: In 1932 she illustrated Little House in the Big Woods, Laura Ingalls Wilder’s first book. Others followed in the Little House series. She also illustrated classic works by American poet Emily Dickinson and British authors Jane Austen, Charlotte Bront?, and A.A. Milne.

  • Little House of Divine Providence (hospital, Valdocco, Italy)

    Saint Giuseppe Cottolengo: …of the Societies of the Little House of Divine Providence and of 14 religious congregations.

  • Little House on the Prairie (American television series)

    Michael Landon: …starred in the popular series Little House on the Prairie (1974–82), which was adapted from American author Laura Ingalls Wilder’s Little House books. In addition to acting in the show, he also wrote and directed many episodes. From 1984 to 1989 he played an angel sent to earth to help…

  • Little House series (work by Wilder)

    children's literature: Peaks and plateaus (1865–1940): Her Little House books, nine in all, started in 1932 with The Little House in the Big Woods. The entire series, painting an unforgettable picture of pioneer life, is a masterpiece of sensitive recollection and clean, effortless prose.

  • Little Hump-backed Horse, The (choreography by Saint-Léon)

    Arthur Saint-Léon: …series of ballets, most successfully The Little Hump-backed Horse (1864), which was notable for its injection of Russian folklore in both the plot and the dances. It remained in the Russian repertory for many years until being superseded, in Soviet times, by a version with new choreography and music.

  • Little Hungarian Plain (basin, Europe)

    Little Alfold, extensive basin occupying the northwestern part of Transdanubia in northwestern Hungary, and extending into Austria and Slovakia (where it is called Podunajská Lowland). It has an area of approximately 3,000 square miles (8,000 square km). It is bounded on the south and east by the

  • Little Hunting Creek Plantation (structure, Mount Vernon, Virginia, United States)

    Mount Vernon: The estate, originally called Little Hunting Creek Plantation, consisted of about 5,000 acres (2,000 hectares). It descended by inheritance from John Washington, the first of the family in America, to his son Lawrence, who in turn devised it to his daughter Mildred. From Mildred it was purchased in 1726…

  • Little Ice Age (geochronology)

    Little Ice Age (LIA), climate interval that occurred from the early 14th century through the mid-19th century, when mountain glaciers expanded at several locations, including the European Alps, New Zealand, Alaska, and the southern Andes, and mean annual temperatures across the Northern Hemisphere

  • Little Image (work by Krasner)

    Lee Krasner: In 1946 she began her Little Image paintings, a tightly focused series of works in which her use of dots and drips of paint were inspired by Pollock’s “drip paintings” of the period. In these and her collages of the early 1950s, Krasner often worked on a small scale, which…

  • Little Jazz (American musician)

    Roy Eldridge, American trumpeter, one of the great creative musicians of the 1930s. A child prodigy, Eldridge began his professional career in 1917 when, on New Year’s Eve, he played the drums in his elder brother’s band. He went to New York City in 1930 and played in the trumpet sections of bands

  • Little John of Saintre (work by La Sale)

    Antoine de La Sale: …writer chiefly remembered for his Petit Jehan de Saintré, a romance marked by a great gift for the observation of court manners and a keen sense of comic situation and dialogue.

  • Little Kabylia (region, Algeria)

    Atlas Mountains: Climate: …of Mount Babor in the Little Kabylie region are covered with snow for four or five months, while the Moroccan High Atlas retains its snows until the height of summer. Winter in the Atlas is hard, imposing severe conditions upon the inhabitants.

  • Little Kabylie (region, Algeria)

    Atlas Mountains: Climate: …of Mount Babor in the Little Kabylie region are covered with snow for four or five months, while the Moroccan High Atlas retains its snows until the height of summer. Winter in the Atlas is hard, imposing severe conditions upon the inhabitants.

  • Little Karoo (plateau, South Africa)

    Little Karoo, intermontane plateau basin in Western Cape province, South Africa, lying between the east-west oriented Groot-Swart Mountains (north), the Lange Mountains (southwest), and the Outeniqua Mountains (southeast), with the discontinuous Kammanassie Mountains running between those ranges.

  • little language

    Computer scripting language, a “little” computer language intended to solve relatively small programming problems that do not require the overhead of data declarations and other features needed to make large programs manageable. Scripting languages are used for writing operating system utilities,

  • Little League (baseball organization)

    Little League, international baseball organization for children and teenagers, started in 1939 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, by Carl E. Stotz and brothers Bert and George Bebble. The league originally included boys age 8 to 12. Girls have been admitted since 1974. Little League now includes a

  • Little League International Headquarters (building, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, United States)

    Lycoming: …home of the Little League Baseball International Headquarters (founded 1939) and the site of its annual World Series. The principal boroughs are South Williamsport, Montoursville, Jersey Shore, Muncy, and Hughesville.

  • Little League World Series (baseball)

    World Series: …professional minor leagues), and the Little League World Series, an annual event with international representation for teams of boys and girls 9 to 18 years old.

  • little lentil (plant)

    peppergrass: Lentejilla, or little lentil (L. armoracia), is native to Europe but has naturalized in Mexico, where it is used as a folk medicine. Pepperwort, or field pepper (L. campestre), is a widespread weed originally native to Europe. It has hairy arrowlike stem leaves and once…

  • Little Looie (Venezuelan-American baseball player)

    Luis Aparicio, Venezuelan baseball player who was known for his outstanding fielding, speed on the base paths, and durability. Aparicio appeared in 2,581 games at shortstop, a record in American professional baseball that stood for more than three decades. The son of a baseball player in Latin

  • Little Lord Fauntleroy (film by Cromwell [1936])

    John Cromwell: Early career: …company, hired Cromwell to direct Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936), a tasteful treatment of the popular novel by Frances Hodgson Burnett; the family drama starred Freddie Bartholomew and Mickey Rooney. Later in 1936 Cromwell made two films for Twentieth Century-Fox: To Mary—with Love, a marital drama starring Myrna Loy and Warner

  • Little Lord Fauntleroy (novel by Burnett)

    Little Lord Fauntleroy, sentimental novel for children written by Frances Hodgson Burnett, published serially in St. Nicholas magazine and in book form in 1886. The novel’s protagonist, Cedric, and his mother, Dearest, live in America until Cedric learns that he is to inherit the title and estate

  • little magazine (periodical)

    Little magazine, any of various small periodicals devoted to serious literary writings, usually avant-garde and noncommercial. They were published from about 1880 through much of the 20th century and flourished in the United States and England, though French writers (especially the Symbolist poets

  • Little Maginot Line (fortification)

    fortification: Other fort series: …what became known as the Little Maginot Line to oppose Germany; the Greeks built the Metaxas Line facing Bulgaria; and the Belgians erected a series of elaborate forts along the Albert Canal. German capture of the most elaborate and allegedly impregnable of the Belgian forts, Eben Emael, in a matter…

  • Little Malvern (England, United Kingdom)

    Great Malvern: Little Malvern, with the remains of a Benedictine priory (now the parish church), lies below Worcestershire Beacon, which is crowned by extensive and well-preserved Iron Age hill fortresses. Great Malvern is now an educational and cultural centre, with Malvern College for boys (founded 1862), a…

  • Little Man Tate (film by Foster [1991])

    Jodie Foster: …directorial debut with the drama Little Man Tate (1991), in which she also costarred, and she later directed the ensemble film Home for the Holidays (1995). She also served as a producer for several of her films, including Nell (1994), for which she also received an Oscar nomination for best…

  • Little Man, What Now? (film by Borzage [1934])

    Edgar G. Ulmer: Detour: …set designer for Frank Borzage’s Little Man, What Now? (1934), Ulmer initially directed a number of low-profile projects. Using the pseudonym John Warner, he made the western Thunder over Texas (1934). He later helmed several Yiddish-language dramas shot in and around New York City and a variety of public-health documentaries,…

  • Little Master, the (Indian cricket player)

    Sunil Gavaskar, Indian cricket player who is considered one of the sport’s greatest opening batsmen of all time. Gavaskar skillfully captained the Indian team in 47 Test (international) matches and dominated the game during a career that spanned 16 years and 125 total Test contests. Gavaskar was

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