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  • linkage isomerism (chemistry)

    coordination compound: Linkage isomerism: Isomerism also results when a given ligand is joined to the central atom through different atoms of the ligand. Such isomerism is called linkage isomerism. A pair of linkage isomers are the ions [Co(NO2)(NH3)5]2+and [Co(ONO)(NH3)5]2+, in which the anionic ligand is joined to…

  • linkage map

    Calvin Blackman Bridges: …to observable changes in its chromosomes. These experiments led to the construction of “gene maps” and proved the chromosome theory of heredity. Bridges, with Morgan and Alfred Henry Sturtevant, published these results in 1925. That same year he published “Sex in Relation to Chromosomes and Genes,” demonstrating that sex in…

  • linkage-drive hoist (hoist)

    stagecraft: Flying systems: The linkage-drive hoist is similar to the traction-drive hoist, except that the hoisting lines are attached directly to the motor.

  • linkar (style of verse)

    Southeast Asian arts: The 15th century: …and a Burmese background; (2) linkar (shorter religious verse), or a devotional poem, characterized by a metaphysical flavour comparable in many ways to that which informs the work of the early 17th-century English poets George Herbert and Robert Herrick; (3) mawgoon (historical verse), half ode, half epic, written in praise…

  • Linke, Die (political party, Germany)

    Left Party, German political party that ruled East Germany as the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) and now contests elections in united Germany. At the behest of the Soviet Union, the SED was formed in April 1946 through a merger of the German Communist and Social Democratic parties. For the

  • linked battalion (military system)

    Edward Cardwell, Viscount Cardwell: …for introducing the system of linked battalions, with one at home and one overseas. His comprehensive pairing of battalions in 1881 laid the modern foundation of the British army’s regimental system.

  • linked bond (business)

    security: Bonds: …another hybrid form is the linked bond, in which the value of the principal, and sometimes the amount of interest as well, is linked to some standard of value such as commodity prices, a cost of living index, a foreign currency, or a combination of these. Although the principle of…

  • Linked Hybrid (building, Beijing, China)

    Steven Holl: …projects in China, notably the Linked Hybrid, a building complex containing apartments, hotels, schools, and restaurants in Beijing, and the Vanke Centre, a “horizontal skyscraper” in Shenzhen. Among his many honours are the Alvar Aalto Medal (1998), the Cooper Hewitt National Design Award for architecture (2002), the American Institute of…

  • Linked Ring (English association of photographers)

    Linked Ring, association of English photographers formed in 1892 that was one of the first groups to promote the notion of photography as fine art. Henry Peach Robinson was notable among the founding members. The Linked Ring held annual exhibitions from 1893 to 1909 and called these gatherings

  • linked-sword dance (folk dance)

    sword dance: In linked-sword, or hilt-and-point, dances, performers hold the hilt of their own sword and the point of the sword of the dancer behind them, the group forming intricate, usually circular, patterns. Combat dances for one or more performers emphasize battle mime and originally served as military training. Crossed-sword…

  • LinkedIn (American company)

    LinkedIn, business-oriented social networking Web site founded in 2002 and headquartered in Mountain View, California. Unlike other social networks such as Facebook and Myspace, which are often purely recreational, LinkedIn emphasizes a user’s professional connections. Users create profile pages

  • linking (memory technique)

    mnemonic: Later developments: A related method, called linking or chaining, associates any pair of items—a pen and a chair, for example—and then links those items with a third, the chain proceeding indefinitely. Interaction, as opposed to mere association, is necessary—one could imagine the pen writing on the chair, for example—as one word…

  • linking protein (biology)

    nervous system: Neurotransmitters and neuromodulators: …activation by receptor proteins of linking proteins, which move across the membrane, bind to channel proteins, and open the channels. Another system is the cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) system. In this chain reaction, receptor proteins activate linking proteins, which then activate the enzymes that synthesize cAMP. The cAMP molecules activate…

  • Linklater, Eric (British novelist)

    Eric Linklater, British novelist, poet, and historical writer noted for his satiric wit. Linklater began studying medicine at Aberdeen University but switched to English literature. After service in the Black Watch in World War I, during which he was wounded, he turned to journalism, becoming

  • Linklater, Eric Robert (British novelist)

    Eric Linklater, British novelist, poet, and historical writer noted for his satiric wit. Linklater began studying medicine at Aberdeen University but switched to English literature. After service in the Black Watch in World War I, during which he was wounded, he turned to journalism, becoming

  • Linklater, Richard (American filmmaker)

    Richard Linklater, American filmmaker known for idiosyncratic, personal films that reflect his self-taught directorial origins. Linklater spent much of his childhood living with his mother in Huntsville, Texas, before he moved at age 17 to live with his father in Houston and play for a

  • Linklater, Richard Stuart (American filmmaker)

    Richard Linklater, American filmmaker known for idiosyncratic, personal films that reflect his self-taught directorial origins. Linklater spent much of his childhood living with his mother in Huntsville, Texas, before he moved at age 17 to live with his father in Houston and play for a

  • Linkletter, Art (American broadcasting host)

    Art Linkletter, Canadian-born American broadcasting host who was known for his amiable ad-libs and his ability to put those he interviewed—particularly young children—at ease. Linkletter was adopted as a baby by an itinerant Evangelical minister and his wife, who settled in San Diego. He obtained a

  • Linkletter, Arthur Gordon (American broadcasting host)

    Art Linkletter, Canadian-born American broadcasting host who was known for his amiable ad-libs and his ability to put those he interviewed—particularly young children—at ease. Linkletter was adopted as a baby by an itinerant Evangelical minister and his wife, who settled in San Diego. He obtained a

  • Link?ping (Sweden)

    Link?ping, city and capital of ?sterg?tland l?n (county), southeastern Sweden, on the St?ng River near its outflow into Rox Lake. The site has been settled since the Bronze Age. During the Middle Ages it attained commercial importance and was surpassed as a cultural and religious centre only by

  • Links (novel by Farah)

    Nuruddin Farah: Links (2003), Knots (2006), and Crossbones (2011) constitute another trilogy. Farah’s other novels included North of Dawn (2018). For his thoughts about his country at the turn of the new millennium, see Sidebar: Somalia at the Turn of the 21st Century.

  • Links, Incorporated, The (American organization)

    The Links, Incorporated, organization of African American women founded in 1946 that is devoted to strengthening African American communities through fund-raising, education, advocacy, and volunteering. The Links was founded in Philadelphia when two young black women, Margaret Hawkins and Sarah

  • Links, wo das Herz ist (work by Frank)

    Leonhard Frank: …wo das Herz ist (1952; Heart on the Left).

  • linksh?ndige Frau, Die (novel by Handke)

    Peter Handke: Die linksh?ndige Frau (1976; The Left-Handed Woman) is a dispassionate description of a young mother coping with the disorientation she feels after she has separated from her husband. Handke’s memoir about his deceased mother, Wunschloses Unglück (1972; “Wishless Un-luck”; Eng. trans. A Sorrow Beyond Dreams), is also an effective…

  • Linkskurve (German journal)

    Ludwig Renn: He was editor of Linkskurve, the journal of the Union of Proletarian-Revolutionary Writers (1929–32), of which he was also secretary. He also taught war history during that period at the Marxist Workers’ School in Berlin. His Nachkrieg (1930; After War), a novel about the postwar Weimar Republic, mirrors Renn’s…

  • Linkspartei, Die (political party, Germany)

    Left Party, German political party that ruled East Germany as the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) and now contests elections in united Germany. At the behest of the Soviet Union, the SED was formed in April 1946 through a merger of the German Communist and Social Democratic parties. For the

  • Linkville (Oregon, United States)

    Klamath Falls, city, seat (1882) of Klamath county, southern Oregon, U.S. It lies at the southern end of Upper Klamath Lake, in the foothills of the Cascade Range. Once the territory of Klamath, Pit River, and Warm Springs Indians, the area was settled in 1867 at the falls of Link River by George

  • Linley, Elizabeth Ann (British musician)

    Richard Brinsley Sheridan: Formative years: …Sheridan fell in love with Elizabeth Ann Linley (1754–92), whose fine soprano voice delighted audiences at the concerts and festivals conducted by her father, Thomas. In order to avoid the unpleasant attentions of a Welsh squire, Thomas Mathews of Llandaff, she decided to take refuge in a French nunnery. Sheridan…

  • Linley, Thomas, the Elder (British musician)

    Richard Brinsley Sheridan: Theatrical career: …the music by his father-in-law, Thomas Linley, and his son gave this ballad opera great popularity. Its 75 performances exceeded the 62, a record for that time, credited to John Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera (1728), and it is still revived.

  • Linlithgow (Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Linlithgow, royal burgh (town), West Lothian council area and historic county, southeastern Scotland. It contains the ruins of one of Scotland’s four royal palaces, which now stands roofless. The building of the palace was begun by James I of Scotland, and it subsequently became a favourite abode

  • Linlithgow, Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of (British statesman and viceroy of India)

    Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd marquess of Linlithgow, British statesman and longest serving viceroy of India (1936–43) who suppressed opposition to British presence there during World War II. He succeeded to the marquessate in 1908. During World War I (1914–18) Linlithgow served on the western

  • Linlithgow, Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd Marquess of, Earl of Hopetoun, Viscount of Aithrie, Lord Hope, Baron Hopetoun of Hopetoun, Baron Niddry of Niddry (British statesman and viceroy of India)

    Victor Alexander John Hope, 2nd marquess of Linlithgow, British statesman and longest serving viceroy of India (1936–43) who suppressed opposition to British presence there during World War II. He succeeded to the marquessate in 1908. During World War I (1914–18) Linlithgow served on the western

  • Linlithgowshire (council area, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    West Lothian, council area and historic county, southeastern Scotland, on the southern shore of the River Forth estuary and the Firth of Forth just west of Edinburgh. The council area and historic county occupy somewhat different areas. The historic county borders the Forth from Bo’ness to the

  • Linlithgowshire (historical county, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    West Lothian: West Lothian, council area and historic county, southeastern Scotland, on the southern shore of the River Forth estuary and the Firth of Forth just west of Edinburgh. The council area and historic county occupy somewhat different areas. The historic county borders the Forth from Bo’ness…

  • Linn Cove Viaduct (viaduct, North Carolina, United States)

    Blue Ridge Parkway: History of construction: …of the roadbed there (the Linn Cove Viaduct) was elevated and built on piers, utilizing a cantilever technique from above to put into place prefabricated support beams and roadbed sections that thus minimized damage to the area’s fragile ecosystem. The fully completed parkway was officially dedicated on September 11, 1987,…

  • Linn Drum (musical instrument)

    electronic instrument: Sampling instruments; music workstations: …1980 Roger Linn introduced the Linn Drum, an instrument containing digitized percussion sounds that could be played in patterns determined by the musician. In 1984 Raymond Kurzweil introduced the Kurzweil 250, a keyboard-controlled instrument containing digitally encoded representations of grand piano, strings, and many other orchestral timbres. Both the Linn…

  • Linna, V?in? (Finnish author)

    Finnish literature: Postwar poetry and prose: …narrative style was retained by V?in? Linna, whose novel Tuntemation sotilas (1954; The Unknown Soldier), a depiction of the War of Continuation, initially caused an uproar, only to become one of the most widely read novels in Finland. Its characters were for decades widely known by name in Finland, because…

  • Linnaea (plant clade)

    Dipsacales: Linnaea clade: The Linnaea clade includes five genera and 30 species of shrubs and herbs native to the temperate regions of Southeast Asia and North America (extending into Mexico). The best-known member is twinflower (Linnaea borealis), a trailing evergreen that is circumpolar in distribution in…

  • Linnaea borealis (plant, Linnaea borealis)

    Twinflower, (Linnaea borealis), evergreen, creeping shrub of the family Caprifoliaceae, native to moist pinelands or cold bogs in northern regions of both hemispheres. It is named for the paired, nodding, bell-like white or pink flowers borne above a mat of small, roundish leaves. The fragrant

  • Linnaean system (biology)

    protozoan: General principles: …to the heirarchical scheme of Linnean taxonomy, which specifies somewhat arbitrary universal ranks of classification (e.g., Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order). This development has caused many biologists to abandon the Linnean system, primarily at the higher levels of classification, rather than at the genus and species levels. The validity and utility…

  • linnaeite (mineral)

    Linnaeite, a cobalt sulfide mineral (Co3S4) or any member of a series of similar substances with the general formula (Co,Ni)2(Co, Ni, Fe, Cu)S4. The other known members of the series are siegenite, (Co,Ni)3S4 with Co:Ni = 1:1; carrollite, Co2CuS4; violarite, Ni2FeS4; and polydymite, Ni3S4. The

  • Linnaeus’s sloth (mammal)

    sloth: Two-toed sloths: Linnaeus’s two-toed sloth (C. didactylus) lives in northern South America east of the Andes and south to the central Amazon basin. Hoffmann’s two-toed sloth (C. hoffmanni) is found in Central and South America from Nicaragua to Peru and western Brazil. The two species can be…

  • Linnaeus’s two-toed sloth (mammal)

    sloth: Two-toed sloths: Linnaeus’s two-toed sloth (C. didactylus) lives in northern South America east of the Andes and south to the central Amazon basin. Hoffmann’s two-toed sloth (C. hoffmanni) is found in Central and South America from Nicaragua to Peru and western Brazil. The two species can be…

  • Linnaeus, Carl (Swedish botanist)

    Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish naturalist and explorer who was the first to frame principles for defining natural genera and species of organisms and to create a uniform system for naming them (binomial nomenclature). Linnaeus was the son of a curate and grew up in Sm?land, a poor region in southern

  • Linnaeus, Carolus (Swedish botanist)

    Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish naturalist and explorer who was the first to frame principles for defining natural genera and species of organisms and to create a uniform system for naming them (binomial nomenclature). Linnaeus was the son of a curate and grew up in Sm?land, a poor region in southern

  • Linnankoski, Johannes (Finnish author)

    Johannes Linnankoski, novelist, orator, and champion of Finnish independence from Russia; his works were instrumental in forming Finnish national consciousness in the early 20th century. Linnankoski was of peasant origin and largely self-taught. His finest novel, Pakolaiset (1908; “The Fugitives”),

  • Linné, Carl von (Swedish botanist)

    Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish naturalist and explorer who was the first to frame principles for defining natural genera and species of organisms and to create a uniform system for naming them (binomial nomenclature). Linnaeus was the son of a curate and grew up in Sm?land, a poor region in southern

  • Linnean Society (British science society)

    Alfred Russel Wallace: The career of a naturalist: …with Wallace’s paper, to the Linnean Society. The resulting set of papers, with both Darwin’s and Wallace’s names, was published as a single article entitled “On the Tendency of Species to Form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection” in the Proceedings of…

  • Linnean system (biology)

    protozoan: General principles: …to the heirarchical scheme of Linnean taxonomy, which specifies somewhat arbitrary universal ranks of classification (e.g., Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order). This development has caused many biologists to abandon the Linnean system, primarily at the higher levels of classification, rather than at the genus and species levels. The validity and utility…

  • Linnean taxonomy (biology)

    protozoan: General principles: …to the heirarchical scheme of Linnean taxonomy, which specifies somewhat arbitrary universal ranks of classification (e.g., Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order). This development has caused many biologists to abandon the Linnean system, primarily at the higher levels of classification, rather than at the genus and species levels. The validity and utility…

  • Linnebach lantern

    Linnebach lantern, theatrical lighting device by which silhouettes, colour, and broad outlines can be projected as part of the background scenery. Originally developed in the 19th century by the German lighting expert Adolf Linnebach, it is a concentrated-filament, high-intensity lamp placed in a

  • Linnebach projector

    Linnebach lantern, theatrical lighting device by which silhouettes, colour, and broad outlines can be projected as part of the background scenery. Originally developed in the 19th century by the German lighting expert Adolf Linnebach, it is a concentrated-filament, high-intensity lamp placed in a

  • Linnell, John (British artist)

    William Blake: Career as an artist: …the portrait and landscape painter John Linnell. Blake’s patrons were mostly concerned with his art, and most of his correspondence was about engravings and paintings. Only Cumberland bought a significant number of his books.

  • linnet (bird)

    rosefinch: The house finch (C. mexicanus), with red forehead band and streaked underparts, is a dooryard bird throughout western North America; it is often called linnet. This species was introduced (1940) on Long Island, N.Y., and is spreading along the Atlantic seaboard; it is also established in…

  • linnet (bird, Carduelis species)

    Linnet, (Carduelis, sometimes Acanthis, cannabina), seed-eating European finch of the family Fringillidae (order Passeriformes). It is 13 cm (5 inches) long and brown streaked, with a white-edged forked tail; the crown and breast of the male are red. It is a hedgerow singer, and flocks forage for

  • Linney, Laura (American actress)

    Laura Linney, American actress best known for playing strong yet vulnerable characters. Linney was born into a theatrical family; her father was the playwright Romulus Linney. She graduated from Brown University in 1986 and later studied at the Arts Theatre School in Moscow and graduated from the

  • Linney, Laura Leggett (American actress)

    Laura Linney, American actress best known for playing strong yet vulnerable characters. Linney was born into a theatrical family; her father was the playwright Romulus Linney. She graduated from Brown University in 1986 and later studied at the Arts Theatre School in Moscow and graduated from the

  • Linnutee tuuled (film by Meri)

    Lennart Meri: One such film, Linnutee tuuled (1977; “The Winds of the Milky Way”), was banned in the Soviet Union but received excellent reviews for its documentation of rural folkways.

  • linocut (print)

    Linocut, type of print made from a sheet of linoleum into which a design has been cut in relief. This process of printmaking is similar to woodcut, but, since linoleum lacks a grain, linocuts can yield a greater variety of effects than woodcuts can. Linocut designs can be cut in large masses,

  • Linofilm (photocomposition)

    printing: Functional phototypesetters: Linofilm (new method): The matrices of the 88 characters in a set are inscribed on a plate of glass that remains stationary during composition. The character is chosen by the shutter of the photographic lens. This shutter consists (as in a commercial camera) of very…

  • linoleic acid (chemistry)

    fat: Functions in plants and animals: …the essential fatty acids (linoleic, arachidonic, and to a limited extent linolenic) to prevent the physical symptoms of essential-fatty-acid deficiency manifested by skin lesions, scaliness, poor hair growth, and low growth rates. These essential fatty acids must be supplied in the diet since they cannot be synthesized in the…

  • linolenic acid (chemistry)

    fat: Functions in plants and animals: …and to a limited extent linolenic) to prevent the physical symptoms of essential-fatty-acid deficiency manifested by skin lesions, scaliness, poor hair growth, and low growth rates. These essential fatty acids must be supplied in the diet since they cannot be synthesized in the body.

  • linoleum (floor covering)

    Linoleum, smooth-surfaced floor covering made from a mixture of oxidized linseed oil, gums and resins, and other substances, applied to a felt or canvas backing. In the original process for manufacturing linoleum, a thin film of linseed oil was allowed to oxidize. Since oxidation proceeds mainly

  • linoleum cut (print)

    Linocut, type of print made from a sheet of linoleum into which a design has been cut in relief. This process of printmaking is similar to woodcut, but, since linoleum lacks a grain, linocuts can yield a greater variety of effects than woodcuts can. Linocut designs can be cut in large masses,

  • Linoproductus (fossil brachiopod genus)

    Linoproductus, genus of extinct articulate brachiopods (lamp shells) found throughout the midcontinent region of North America as fossils in Early Carboniferous to Late Permian rocks (from about 359 million to about 251 million years ago). The genus Linoproductus is a distinctive invertebrate form

  • Linos (Greek mythology)

    Linus, in Greek mythology, the personification of lamentation; the name derives from the ritual cry ailinon, the refrain of a dirge. Two principal stories, associated with Argos and Thebes, respectively, arose to explain the origin of the lament. According to the Argive story, recounted by the

  • Linosa Island (island, Italy)

    Linosa Island, one of the Pelagie Islands, which are part of Italy. The islands lie in the Mediterranean Sea between Malta and Tunis, about 30 miles (48 km) north-northeast of Lampedusa Island. Linosa has an area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 square km). The island is moderately fertile, although it

  • Linospadix (plant genus)

    palm: Ecology: …several rainforest palms (Calamus and Linospadix). The black bear (Ursus americanus) disperses Sabal, Rhapidophyllum hystrix, and Serenoa repens in Florida, U.S. Fruits of Euterpe in northern South America are sought by fish and by the electric eel (Electrophorus electricus). Wild dogs (family Canidae) and palm civets (Paradoxurus) devour

  • Linotype (machine)

    Linotype, (trademark), typesetting machine by which characters are cast in type metal as a complete line rather than as individual characters as on the Monotype typesetting machine. It was patented in the United States in 1884 by Ottmar Mergenthaler. Linotype, which has now largely been supplanted

  • Linowitz, Sol Myron (American diplomat, attorney, and businessman)

    Sol Myron Linowitz, American diplomat, attorney, and businessman (born Dec. 7, 1913, Trenton, N.J.—died March 18, 2005, Washington, D.C.), served as a highly influential adviser to U.S. Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, Jimmy Carter, and Bill Clinton and was a key negotiator during the late 1970s of t

  • Linquan Gaozhi (work by Guo Xi)

    Guo Xi: …collected notes on landscape painting, Linquan Gaozhi (“Lofty Record of Forests and Streams”), describes with much detail the purposes and techniques of painting and is a valuable aid to understanding the landscape painting of the Northern Song dynasty. Few of his paintings have survived; among the works that may be…

  • Lins do Rego Cavalcanti, José (Brazilian novelist)

    José Lins do Rego, novelist of Brazil’s Northeastern school, best known for his five-book Sugar Cane Cycle, which described the clash between the old feudal order of plantation society and the new ways introduced by industrialization. Lins do Rego grew up on a plantation, and the first work of the

  • Lins do Rego, José (Brazilian novelist)

    José Lins do Rego, novelist of Brazil’s Northeastern school, best known for his five-book Sugar Cane Cycle, which described the clash between the old feudal order of plantation society and the new ways introduced by industrialization. Lins do Rego grew up on a plantation, and the first work of the

  • Lins, Osman (Brazilian writer)

    Osman Lins, novelist and short-story writer, one of the leading innovators of mid-20th century Brazilian fiction. After publishing two novels and a volume of short stories—O visitante (1955; “The Visitor”), O fiel e a pedra (1961; “The Plumbline and the Rock”), and Os gestos (1957;

  • linsang (mammal)

    Linsang, any of three species of long-tailed, catlike mammals belonging to the civet family (Viverridae). The African linsang (Poiana richardsoni), the banded linsang (Prionodon linsang), and the spotted linsang (Prionodon pardicolor) vary in colour, but all resemble elongated cats. They grow to a

  • Linschoten, Jan Huyghen van (Dutch explorer and propagandist)

    Jan Huyghen van Linschoten, Dutch traveler and propagandist who served in Portuguese Goa (India), sailed with Willem Barents, and wrote an influential description of Asian trade routes. As bookkeeper to the archbishop of Goa, Linschoten spent six years (1583–89) in India. After his return to the

  • linseed (seed and food)

    Flaxseed, edible seeds harvested from flax (Linum usitatissimum) plants, used as a health food and as a source of linseed, or flaxseed, oil. Consumed as food by the ancient Greeks and Romans, flaxseed has reemerged as a possible “superfood” because of its high dietary fibre and omega-3 fatty acid

  • linseed oil (chemistry)

    flaxseed: Linseed oil is golden yellow, brown, or amber in colour and has the highest level of ALA of any vegetable oil. Food-grade linseed oil is sometimes taken as a nutritional supplement and can be used in cooking, though it is somewhat unstable and goes rancid…

  • lint (fibre)

    cotton: Cultivationof the cotton plant: …long-fibre varieties, is known as lint. Linters, fibres considerably shorter than the seed hair and more closely connected to the seed, come from a second growth beginning about 10 days after the first seed hairs begin to develop. When ripe, the boll bursts into a white, fluffy ball containing three…

  • lintel (architecture)

    Post-and-lintel system, in building construction, a system in which two upright members, the posts, hold up a third member, the lintel, laid horizontally across their top surfaces. All structural openings have evolved from this system, which is seen in pure form only in colonnades and in framed

  • linter (plant fibre)

    cottonseed: Linters, the short cellulose fibres left on the seed after the staple cotton is removed by ginning, are used to make coarse yarns and many cellulose products. The hulls, or outer seed coverings, are used in ruminant animal feed as roughage.

  • Linth River (river, Switzerland)

    Linth River, river, a tributary of the Aare River in northern Switzerland. It begins its 87-mile (140-km) course 4 miles (6 km) south of Linthal at the junction of its two headstreams, which are fed by Alpine glaciers. Flowing northward, the river has eroded a deep bed that forms the Linth Valley

  • Linton (Florida, United States)

    Delray Beach, city, Palm Beach county, southeastern Florida, U.S. It lies along the Atlantic Ocean about 20 miles (30 km) south of West Palm Beach. Settlers from Michigan arrived in 1894 and began farming. Soon after, Japanese settlers arrived and founded the Yamato Colony, where they grew

  • Linton family (fictional characters)

    Linton family, fictional characters, neighbours of the Earnshaw family, in Emily Bront?’s novel Wuthering Heights (1847). The family consists of Mr. and Mrs. Linton and their children, Edgar and

  • Linton, Ralph (American anthropologist)

    Ralph Linton, American anthropologist who had a marked influence on the development of cultural anthropology. As an undergraduate at Swarthmore College, Philadelphia, Linton pursued archaeological interests, taking part in expeditions to New Mexico, Colorado, and Guatemala (1912 and 1913).

  • Linton, William James (American engraver and author)

    William James Linton, wood engraver, author, and active member of the British working-class movement called Chartism. From an early age Linton contributed engravings to the Royal Academy summer exhibitions and to books and periodicals. An ardent republican, Linton was politically active in the

  • Lintot, Barnaby Bernard (English publisher)

    history of publishing: England: …Alexander Pope, among others; and Barnaby Bernard Lintot, who also published Pope, paying him some £5,300 in all for his verse translation of the Iliad. Charles Rivington began publishing in 1711, and Longmans, Green & Co. was begun in 1724 by Thomas Longman when he bought the business of William…

  • Linum (plant genus)

    Linaceae: The genus Linum includes flax, perhaps the most important member of the family, grown for linen fibre and linseed oil and as a garden ornamental. Reinwardtia species are primarily low shrubs, grown in greenhouses and outdoors in warm climates; R. indica, the yellow flax, is notable for…

  • Linum marginale (plant)

    community ecology: Gene-for-gene coevolution: …best-studied example is that of wild flax (Linum marginale) and flax rust (Melampsora lini) in Australia. Local populations of flax plants and flax rust harbour multiple matching genes for resistance and avirulence. The number of genes and their frequency within local populations fluctuate greatly over time as coevolution continues. In…

  • Linum usitatissimum (plant)

    Flax, (Linum usitatissimum), plant of the family Linaceae, cultivated both for its fibre, from which linen yarn and fabric are made, and for its nutritious seeds, called flaxseed or linseed, from which linseed oil is obtained. Though flax has lost some of its value as a commercial fibre crop owing

  • Linus (Greek mythology)

    Linus, in Greek mythology, the personification of lamentation; the name derives from the ritual cry ailinon, the refrain of a dirge. Two principal stories, associated with Argos and Thebes, respectively, arose to explain the origin of the lament. According to the Argive story, recounted by the

  • Linus (comic strip character)

    Peanuts: …sister to his blanket-toting friend Linus, offered psychiatric advice and presented a steely exterior, but she could not resist observing that “happiness is a warm puppy.” Snoopy, Charlie Brown’s beagle, made pithy observations and spent his time engaging in imagined aerial battles with a German World War I flying ace,…

  • Linus, Saint (pope)

    Saint Linus, ; feast day September 23), pope from about 67 to 76 or 79, who may have been the immediate successor to St. Peter. St. Irenaeus identifies him with the Linus in 2 Timothy 4:21 and writes that “the blessed Apostles passed on the sacred ministry of the episcopacy to Linus.” Although his

  • Linux (operating system)

    Linux, computer operating system created in the early 1990s by Finnish software engineer Linus Torvalds and the Free Software Foundation (FSF). While still a student at the University of Helsinki, Torvalds started developing Linux to create a system similar to MINIX, a UNIX operating system. In

  • Linux Foundation (consortium for Linux development)

    Linus Torvalds: …Standards Group to form the Linux Foundation. In 2012 he was awarded the Millennium Technology Prize by the foundation Technology Academy Finland.

  • Linville, Larry (American actor)

    Lawrence Labon Linville, (“Larry”), American actor (born Sept. 29, 1939, Ojai, Calif.—died April 10, 2000, New York, N.Y.), was best known for his portrayal of the hapless, neurotic army surgeon Maj. Frank Burns on the hit television series M*A*S*H. After training (1959–61) at the Royal Academy o

  • Linville, Lawrence Labon (American actor)

    Lawrence Labon Linville, (“Larry”), American actor (born Sept. 29, 1939, Ojai, Calif.—died April 10, 2000, New York, N.Y.), was best known for his portrayal of the hapless, neurotic army surgeon Maj. Frank Burns on the hit television series M*A*S*H. After training (1959–61) at the Royal Academy o

  • Linyphiidae (spider)

    Sheet-web weaver, (family Linyphiidae), a rather common group of small spiders (order Araneida) numbering about 2,000 species worldwide. Most are less than 6 mm (14 inch) in length and are seldom seen. Their webs are flat and sheetlike and dome- or cup-shaped. The spider is usually found on the

  • Linz (Austria)

    Linz, city, capital of Bundesland (federal state) Ober?sterreich (Upper Austria), north-central Austria. Linz lies along the Danube River 100 miles (160 km) west of Vienna. It originated as the Roman fortress of Lentia and became an important medieval trading centre. By the 13th century it had all

  • Linz program (Austria-Hungary [1882])

    Linz program, expression of German nationalist radicalism within Austria-Hungary, named after its town of origin in Upper Austria (Ober?sterreich). It was drafted in 1882 by the extreme nationalist Georg Ritter von Sch?nerer and subsequently by Victor Adler, Engelbert Pernerstorfer, Robert Pattai,

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