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  • Later Liang dynasty (Chinese history [555-587])

    China: The Sui dynasty: …dethroned the emperor of the Hou (Later) Liang, the state that had ruled the middle Yangtze valley as a puppet of the Bei Zhou since 555. In 589 he overwhelmed the last southern dynasty, the Chen, which had put up only token resistance. Several rebellions against the Sui regime subsequently…

  • Later Liang dynasty (Chinese history [907-923])

    Five Dynasties: …the five dynasties was the Hou (Later) Liang, which was established by the rebel leader Zhu Wen after he usurped the Tang throne in 907. Zhu was murdered by his own son in 912, and the Hou Liang was overthrown by one of its generals, Zhuangzong (personal name Li Cunxu),…

  • Later Ly dynasty (Vietnamese history)

    Later Ly dynasty, (1009–1225), first of the three great dynasties of Vietnam. The kingdom, known later as Dai Viet, was established by Ly Thai To in the Red River Delta area of present northern Vietnam. Its capital was Thang Long (Hanoi). (It is “later” with respect to the Earlier Ly dynasty,

  • Later Paekche (ancient kingdom, Korea)

    Korea: The emergence of provincial magnates: …and Kungye, established, respectively, the Later Paekche (892) and Later Kogury? (also called Majin or T’aebong; 901) kingdoms. Together with Silla, they are commonly referred to as the Later Three Kingdoms. In this period S?n (Zen) Buddhism was most popular, with its emphasis on the importance of realizing, through contemplation,…

  • Later Palace Period (ancient Greek history)

    Aegean civilizations: Period of the Late Palaces in Crete (c. 1700–1450): Various disasters occurred in Crete about the turn of the 18th and 17th centuries bc. The palaces at Knossos and Mallia were damaged, while that at Phaistos and a building that may have been the residence…

  • Later Shu (ancient kingdom, China)

    China: The Shiguo (Ten Kingdoms): …Qian (Former) Shu (907–925), the Hou (Later) Shu (934–965), the Min (909–945), the Bei (Northern) Han (951–979), the Nan Han (917–971), and the Wu-Yue (907–978), the last located in China’s most rapidly advancing area—in and near the lower Yangtze delta.

  • Later Stages of the Evolution of the Igneous Rocks, The (work by Bowen)

    Norman L. Bowen: …basis of his critical review The Later Stages of the Evolution of the Igneous Rocks (1915), a paper of such outstanding merit that it established Bowen’s position at the age of 28 as an international figure in petrology.

  • Later Tang dynasty (Chinese history)

    Five Dynasties: …Li Cunxu), who established the Hou (Later) Tang dynasty in 923. Although Zhuangzong and his successors ruled relatively well for 13 years, the Hou Tang was finally terminated when one of its generals, Gaozu (personal name Shi Jingtang), overthrew his master with the aid of the Khitan, a seminomadic people…

  • Later the Same Day (work by Paley)

    Grace Paley: …the Last Minute (1974) and Later the Same Day (1985), both of which continued her compassionate, often comic, exploration of ordinary individuals struggling against loneliness. All feature the character of Faith, Paley’s reputed alter ego. The Collected Stories appeared in 1994. Leaning Forward (1985) and Begin Again: New and Collected…

  • Later Three Kingdoms (Korean history)

    Korea: The emergence of provincial magnates: …commonly referred to as the Later Three Kingdoms. In this period S?n (Zen) Buddhism was most popular, with its emphasis on the importance of realizing, through contemplation, the inborn Buddha nature of the individual.

  • Later Three Years’ War (Japanese history)

    Minamoto Yoshiie: …are collectively known as the Later Three Years’ War, three years being the time of the actual fighting, not counting the pauses.

  • Later Vedic Period (Indian history)

    India: Later Vedic period (c. 800–c. 500 bce): The principal literary sources from this period are the Sama-, the Yajur-, and the Atharvaveda (mainly ritual texts), the Brahmanas (manuals on ritual), and the Upanishads (Upanisads) and Aranyakas (collections of philosophical and metaphysical discourses). Associated with the…

  • Later With Bob Costas (American television program)

    Television in the United States: The late shows: By 1988 NBC had added Later with Bob Costas (1988–94), extending weeknight network programming to 2:30 am Eastern Standard Time.

  • Later Zhou dynasty (Chinese history [951-960])

    Five Dynasties: …usurped the throne, founding the Hou (Later) Zhou dynasty. Although progress toward a more stable government began to be made during this time, the emperor died, leaving an infant on the throne. As a result, another general, Zhao Kuangyin (Taizu), seized the throne, founding the more long-lived Song dynasty, thus…

  • latera recta (conic)

    ellipse: …the minor axis is a latus rectum (literally, “straight side”).

  • lateral (speech sound)

    Lateral, in phonetics, a consonant sound produced by raising the tip of the tongue against the roof of the mouth so that the airstream flows past one or both sides of the tongue. The l sounds of English, Welsh, and other languages are

  • lateral (subsurface drainage)

    irrigation and drainage: Types of drainage systems: …of the subsurface system, the lateral, primarily removes water from the soil. The laterals may be arranged in either a uniform or a random pattern. The choice is governed by the crop grown and its value, the characteristics of the soil, and the precipitation pattern.

  • lateral bud (plant anatomy)

    plant development: Branching of the shoot: …a stem—that is, in a leaf axil. In some plants, buds may also form from the older parts of shoot or root remote from the main apices; these buds, termed adventitious, do not conform to the general plan.

  • lateral consonant (speech sound)

    Lateral, in phonetics, a consonant sound produced by raising the tip of the tongue against the roof of the mouth so that the airstream flows past one or both sides of the tongue. The l sounds of English, Welsh, and other languages are

  • lateral dominance (physiology and psychology)

    Laterality, in biological psychology, the development of specialized functioning in each hemisphere of the brain or in the side of the body which each controls. The most obvious example of laterality is handedness, which is the tendency to use one hand or the other to perform activities. It is the

  • lateral epicondylitis (pathology)

    Tennis elbow, an injury characterized by pain at the lateral (outer) aspect of the elbow. The patient may also complain of tenderness on palpation of the area of concern, usually the dominant arm. This entity was first described in a scientific article in 1873, and since that time the mechanism of

  • lateral fault (geology)

    fault: Strike-slip (also called transcurrent, wrench, or lateral) faults are similarly caused by horizontal compression, but they release their energy by rock displacement in a horizontal direction almost parallel to the compressional force. The fault plane is essentially vertical, and the relative slip is lateral along…

  • lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Lumbar plexus: …and genital regions) and the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (to skin on the lateral thigh). Two major branches of the lumbar plexus are the obturator and femoral nerves. The obturator enters the thigh through the obturator foramen; motor branches proceed to the obturator internus and gracilis muscles as well as…

  • lateral fissure (anatomy)

    Franciscus Sylvius: …(1641) the deep cleft (Sylvian fissure) separating the temporal (lower), frontal, and parietal (top rear) lobes of the brain.

  • lateral fontanel (anatomy)

    fontanel: …unions of the sphenoid and mastoid bones with the parietal bone. The posterior fontanel is triangular and lies at the apex of the occipital bone. The largest fontanel, the anterior, is at the crown between the halves of the frontal and the parietals. It is diamond shaped and about 2.5…

  • lateral gene transfer (genetics)

    Horizontal gene transfer, the transmission of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) between different genomes. Horizontal gene transfer is known to occur between different species, such as between prokaryotes (organisms whose cells lack a defined nucleus) and eukaryotes (organisms whose cells contain a

  • lateral geniculate body (anatomy)

    human eye: Geniculate neurons: In general, the lateral geniculate neuron is characterized by an accentuation of the centre-periphery arrangement, so that the two parts of the receptive field tend to cancel each other out completely when stimulated together, by contrast with the ganglion cell in which one or another would predominate. Thus,…

  • lateral geniculate nucleus (anatomy)

    human eye: Geniculate neurons: In general, the lateral geniculate neuron is characterized by an accentuation of the centre-periphery arrangement, so that the two parts of the receptive field tend to cancel each other out completely when stimulated together, by contrast with the ganglion cell in which one or another would predominate. Thus,…

  • lateral horn (anatomy)

    human nervous system: The spinal cord: …of sensory neurons, (2) the lateral horns, well defined in thoracic segments and composed of visceral neurons, and (3) the ventral horns, composed of motor neurons. The white matter forming the ascending and descending spinal tracts is grouped in three paired funiculi, or sectors: the dorsal or posterior funiculi, lying…

  • lateral hypaxial muscle (anatomy)

    muscle: Tetrapod musculature: …with the third group, the lateral hypaxial muscles. The third group consists of three major layers of muscle whose fibres are oriented in differing directions, a feature that gives additional strength to the body wall. Superficially lies the external oblique muscle, with fibres running longitudinally but somewhat ventrally; deep to…

  • lateral lemniscus (anatomy)

    human ear: Ascending pathways: …of the nuclei of the lateral lemniscus. There they are joined by the fibres from the ventral cochlear nuclei of both sides and from the olivary complex. The lemniscus is a major tract, most of the fibres of which end in the inferior colliculus, the auditory centre of the midbrain,…

  • lateral line canal (anatomy)

    lateral line system: …floor of mucus-filled structures called lateral line canals. These canals are placed just underneath the skin, and only the receptor portion of each neuromast extends into the canal. In amphibians the lateral line system occurs only in larval forms and in adult forms that are completely aquatic.

  • lateral line organ (anatomy)

    lateral line system: …a series of mechanoreceptors called neuromasts (lateral line organs) arranged in an interconnected network along the head and body. This network is typically arranged in rows; however, neuromasts may also be organized singly. At its simplest, rows of neuromasts appear on the surface of the skin; however, for most fishes,…

  • lateral line system (biology)

    Lateral line system, a system of tactile sense organs, unique to aquatic vertebrates from cyclostome fishes (lampreys and hagfish) to amphibians, that serves to detect movements and pressure changes in the surrounding water. It is made up of a series of mechanoreceptors called neuromasts (lateral

  • lateral magnification (optics)

    magnification: Linear (sometimes called lateral or transverse) magnification refers to the ratio of image length to object length measured in planes that are perpendicular to the optical axis. A negative value of linear magnification denotes an inverted image. Longitudinal magnification denotes the factor by which an…

  • lateral meristem (plant anatomy)

    angiosperm: Roots: …they give rise to new lateral meristems and lateral roots. In woody roots the vascular cambium (the lateral meristem that gives rise to secondary phloem and secondary xylem) originates in the pericycle as well as in the procambium; the procambium is the primary meristematic tissue between the primary phloem and…

  • lateral moraine (geology)

    moraine: …extend up the sides as lateral moraines. It may appear as a belt of hilly ground with knobs and kettles.

  • lateral pectoral nerve (anatomy)

    human nervous system: Brachial plexus: …supraspinatus and infraspinatus), medial and lateral pectoral (to pectoralis minor and major), long thoracic (to serratus anterior), thoracodorsal (to latissimus dorsi), and subscapular (to teres major and subscapular). The axillary nerve carries motor fibres to the deltoid and teres minor muscles as well as sensory fibres to the lateral

  • lateral plate (anatomy)

    animal development: Differentiation of the germinal layers: …remains unsegmented, is called the lateral plate. The somites remain connected to the lateral plate by stalks of somites that play a particular role in the development of the excretory (nephric) system in vertebrates; for this reason they are called nephrotomes. Rather early the mesodermal mantle splits into two layers,…

  • lateral process (anatomy)

    heel: …is a small protuberance, the lateral process, developed only in humans, related to balance in the upright position. The Achilles tendon (tendo calcaneus) attaches to the posterior border of the calcaneus. The calcaneus functions both as a lever for muscles of the calf in walking and as a weight-bearing structure…

  • lateral ramification (biology)

    Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: The inheritance of acquired characters: …described them as forming “lateral ramifications” with respect to the general “masses” of organization represented by the classes. Lateral ramifications in species resulted when they underwent transformations that reflected the diverse, particular environments to which they had been exposed.

  • lateral root (plant anatomy)

    angiosperm: Root systems: …the taproot are produced smaller lateral roots (secondary roots) that grow horizontally or diagonally. These secondary roots further produce their own smaller lateral roots (tertiary roots). Thus, many orders of roots of descending size are produced from a single prominent root, the taproot. Most dicotyledons produce taproots, as, for example,…

  • lateral sclerosis (pathology)

    nervous system disease: Motor neuron disease: lateral sclerosis are both motor neuron diseases, progressive disorders of older people that affect neurons of the ventral horns, of the medullary motor nuclei, and of the corticospinal tracts. ALS, or Lou Gehrig disease, is characterized by muscle wasting due to loss of the ventral-horn…

  • lateral secretion (geology)

    Lateral secretion, geological process by which ore minerals dissolved from wall rocks by percolating waters are redeposited in nearby openings. Put forth in 1847, the theory was vigorously attacked in the late 1800s by geologists who contended that the deposits were formed by hot water ascending

  • lateral semicircular canal (anatomy)

    human ear: Semicircular canals: …according to their position: superior, horizontal, and posterior. The superior and posterior canals are in diagonal vertical planes that intersect at right angles. Each canal has an expanded end, the ampulla, which opens into the vestibule. The ampullae of the horizontal and superior canals lie close together, just above the…

  • lateral sulcus (anatomy)

    Franciscus Sylvius: …(1641) the deep cleft (Sylvian fissure) separating the temporal (lower), frontal, and parietal (top rear) lobes of the brain.

  • lateral system (buoyage)

    lighthouse: Buoyage systems: …buoyage systems divide buoys into Lateral, Cardinal, and associated classes. Lateral buoys are used to mark channels. In region A a can-profile (i.e., cylindrical) red buoy with a red light indicates the port (left) side of the channel when proceeding in the direction of buoyage, while a conical green buoy…

  • laterality (physiology and psychology)

    Laterality, in biological psychology, the development of specialized functioning in each hemisphere of the brain or in the side of the body which each controls. The most obvious example of laterality is handedness, which is the tendency to use one hand or the other to perform activities. It is the

  • lateralline organ (anatomy)

    lateral line system: …a series of mechanoreceptors called neuromasts (lateral line organs) arranged in an interconnected network along the head and body. This network is typically arranged in rows; however, neuromasts may also be organized singly. At its simplest, rows of neuromasts appear on the surface of the skin; however, for most fishes,…

  • Lateran Council (Roman Catholicism)

    celibacy: Islam, Judaism, and Christianity: …at the first and second Lateran Councils (1123 and 1139), which abolished clerical marriage and thus established the official and still-existing position of the Roman Catholic church.

  • Lateran Council, Fifth ([1512–1517])

    Fifth Lateran Council, (1512–17), the 18th ecumenical council, convoked by Pope Julius II and held in the Lateran Palace in Rome. The council was convened in response to a council summoned at Pisa by a group of cardinals who were hostile to the pope. The pope’s council had reform as its chief

  • Lateran Council, First (First [1123])

    First Lateran Council, (1123), the ninth ecumenical council, held in the Lateran Palace in Rome during the reign of Pope Calixtus II; no acts or contemporary accounts survive. The council promulgated a number of canons (probably 22), many of which merely reiterated decrees of earlier councils. Much

  • Lateran Council, Fourth ([1215])

    Fourth Lateran Council, (1215), the 12th ecumenical council, generally considered the greatest council before Trent. The council was years in preparation as Pope Innocent III desired the widest possible representation. More than 400 bishops, 800 abbots and priors, envoys of many European kings, and

  • Lateran Council, Second ([1139])

    Second Lateran Council, (1139), the 10th ecumenical council, convoked by Pope Innocent II. The council was convened to condemn as schismatics the followers of Arnold of Brescia, a vigorous reformer and opponent of the temporal power of the pope, and to end the schism created by the election of

  • Lateran Council, Third ([1179])

    Third Lateran Council, (1179), the 11th ecumenical council, convoked by Pope Alexander III. The council was attended by 291 bishops who studied the Peace of Venice (1177), by which the Holy Roman emperor, Frederick I Barbarossa, agreed to withdraw support from his antipope and to restore the church

  • Lateran Council, Third ([1179])

    Third Lateran Council, (1179), the 11th ecumenical council, convoked by Pope Alexander III. The council was attended by 291 bishops who studied the Peace of Venice (1177), by which the Holy Roman emperor, Frederick I Barbarossa, agreed to withdraw support from his antipope and to restore the church

  • Lateran Palace (palace, Vatican City)

    Domenico Fontana: …Felice (1587), and the present Lateran Palace, built on the ruins of the old medieval palace. He collaborated with Giacomo della Porta on the completion of St. Peter’s dome (1588–90) from Michelangelo’s model. His most famous undertaking was the removal of the Egyptian obelisk (brought to Rome in the 1st…

  • Lateran Treaty (Italy [1929])

    Lateran Treaty, treaty (effective June 7, 1929, to June 3, 1985) between Italy and the Vatican. It was signed by Benito Mussolini for the Italian government and by cardinal secretary of state Pietro Gasparri for the papacy and confirmed by the Italian constitution of 1948. Upon ratification of the

  • laterite (geology)

    Laterite, soil layer that is rich in iron oxide and derived from a wide variety of rocks weathering under strongly oxidizing and leaching conditions. It forms in tropical and subtropical regions where the climate is humid. Lateritic soils may contain clay minerals; but they tend to be silica-poor,

  • Lates niloticus (fish)

    Nile perch, (species Lates niloticus), large food and game fish of the family Centropomidae (order Perciformes), found in the Nile and other rivers and lakes of Africa. A large-mouthed fish, the Nile perch is greenish or brownish above and silvery below and grows to about 1.8 m (6 feet) and 140 kg

  • Latest Jōmon (ancient culture, Japan)

    Japanese art: Jōmon period: Evidence from the Final Jōmon (c. 1000–3rd century bce) suggests that inhospitable forces, whether contagious disease or climate, were at work. There was a considerable decrease in population and a regional fragmentation of cultural expression. Particularly noteworthy was the formation of quite distinct cultures in the north and…

  • Latest Strides in the War on Cancer, The

    In the 2015 documentary Cancer: The Emperor of All Maladies, American director Ken Burns took viewers into the world of cancer, exploring the history, the impact on peoples’ lives, and the remarkable complexity of the disease, which was revealed over the course of decades of research. The film was

  • Lateur, Frank (Flemish writer)

    Stijn Streuvels, Belgian novelist and short-story writer whose works are among the masterpieces of Flemish prose. The nephew of the priest and poet Guido Gezelle, Streuvels discovered his literary gifts while at school at Avelgem in West Flanders. A master baker for 15 years, he learned German,

  • latewood (wood)

    angiosperm: Secondary vascular system: …wood (spring wood) and the late wood (summer wood); early wood is less dense because the cells are larger and their walls are thinner. Although the transition of early wood to late wood within a growth ring may be obscure, that demarcation between the adjacent late wood of one ring…

  • LaTeX (computer programming language)

    LaTeX, computer programming language used for typesetting technical documents. LaTeX is a free software package created in 1985 by the American computer scientist Leslie Lamport as an addition to the TeX typesetting system. LaTeX was created to make it easier to produce general-purpose books and

  • latex (chemical compound)

    Latex, colloidal suspension, either the milky white liquid emulsion found in the cells of certain flowering plants such as the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) or any of various manufactured water emulsions consisting of synthetic rubber or plastic. The plant product is a complex mixture of

  • latex foam (chemical compound)

    Foam rubber, flexible, porous substance made from a natural or synthetic latex compounded with various ingredients and whipped into a froth. The resulting product contains roughly 85 percent air and 15 percent rubber and can be molded and vulcanized. Its uses include padding for furniture,

  • latex paint (chemical compound)

    chemical industry: Film materials: In latex paints, the paint itself is in the form of minute droplets in water, and water is the thinner.

  • Latgalian (people)

    Baltic states: Early Middle Ages: …inhabited by the Selonians and Latgalians. At least four major principalities can be distinguished among the latter.

  • lath (construction)

    Lath, any material fastened to the structural members of a building to provide a base for plaster. Lath can be of wood, metal, gypsum, or insulated board. In older residential buildings, narrow wood strips were generally used. One of the most common laths is gypsum lath. It is manufactured with an

  • Latha à Bhreitheanis (work by Buchanan)

    Celtic literature: Developments of the 18th century: His Latha à Bhreitheanis (“Day of Judgment”) and An Claigeann (“The Skull”) are impressive and sombre and show considerable imaginative power.

  • Latham loop (cinematic device)

    motion-picture technology: History: When this so-called Latham loop was applied to cameras and projectors with intermittent movement, the growth and shrinkage of the loops on either side of the shutter adjusted for the disparity between the stop-and-go motion at the aperture and the continuous movement of the reels (see Figure 6).

  • Latham, Mark (Australian politician)

    Mark Latham, Australian politician, who served as leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) from 2003 to 2005. Latham graduated with a degree in economics from the University of Sydney in 1982. Entering politics, he worked in the office of former ALP prime minister Gough Whitlam. In 1987 Latham

  • Latham, Mark William (Australian politician)

    Mark Latham, Australian politician, who served as leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) from 2003 to 2005. Latham graduated with a degree in economics from the University of Sydney in 1982. Entering politics, he worked in the office of former ALP prime minister Gough Whitlam. In 1987 Latham

  • Latham, Peter (British athlete)

    rackets: History.: Peter Latham, an English professional, is generally rated the greatest of rackets players. (Professionals, in rackets and squash rackets, are players who are paid to teach the games.) Latham was world champion from 1887 to 1902, when he resigned, and was also a great player…

  • Latharna (Northern Ireland, United Kingdom)

    Larne, town and former district (1973–2015) within the former County Antrim, now in the Mid and East Antrim district, northeastern Northern Ireland, bordering the Irish Sea north of Belfast. The Scot Edward Bruce landed near the present town site in 1315 when he attempted to free Ireland from

  • lathe (machine tool)

    Lathe, machine tool that performs turning operations in which unwanted material is removed from a workpiece rotated against a cutting tool. The lathe is one of the oldest and most important machine tools. Wood lathes were in use in France as early as 1569. During the Industrial Revolution in

  • Lathen, Emma (American writer)

    Mary Jane Latsis, American crime-fiction writer who, with collaborator Martha Henissart, wrote under the pseudonym Emma Lathen; the two turned out over two dozen mysteries, most notably the series featuring John Putnam Thatcher, a Wall Street banker turned amateur detective (b. 1927--d. Nov. 3,

  • Lathridiidae (insect)

    coleopteran: Annotated classification: Family Latridiidae (minute brown scavenger beetles) Found in fungi, debris, flowers; about 600 species. Family Nitidulidae (sap beetles) Variable size, shape, habits; usually found around fermenting plant fluids or moldy plant materials; about 2,200 species; examples Meligethes,

  • Lathrop, Julia Clifford (American social worker)

    Julia Clifford Lathrop, American social welfare worker who was the first director of the U.S. Children’s Bureau. Lathrop attended Vassar College, graduating in 1880. Over the next 10 years she worked in her father’s law office and interested herself in various reform movements. In 1890 she moved to

  • Lathrop, Mother Alphonsa (Roman Catholic nun)

    Mother Alphonsa Lathrop, U.S. author, nun, and founder of the Servants of Relief for Incurable Cancer, a Roman Catholic congregation of nuns affiliated with the Third Order of St. Dominic and dedicated to serving victims of terminal cancer. The daughter of the author Nathaniel Hawthorne, Rose was

  • Lathyrus (Macedonian king of Egypt)

    Ptolemy IX Soter II, Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 116–110, 109–107, and 88–81 bc) who, after ruling Cyprus and Egypt in various combinations with his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander I, and his mother, Cleopatra III, widow of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, gained sole rule of the country in 88 and

  • Lathyrus japonicus (plant)

    Beach pea, (Lathyrus japonicus), sprawling perennial plant in the pea family (Fabaceae). It occurs on gravelly and sandy coastal areas throughout the North Temperate Zone. The seeds of beach pea and other members of the genus Lathyrus can cause a paralysis known as lathyrism if eaten in large

  • Lathyrus maritimus (plant)

    Beach pea, (Lathyrus japonicus), sprawling perennial plant in the pea family (Fabaceae). It occurs on gravelly and sandy coastal areas throughout the North Temperate Zone. The seeds of beach pea and other members of the genus Lathyrus can cause a paralysis known as lathyrism if eaten in large

  • Lathyrus odoratus (plant)

    Sweet pea, (Lathyrus odoratus), annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely cultivated for its beautiful, fragrant flowers. Hundreds of varieties of sweet pea have been developed and are grown as garden ornamentals or are grown commercially for the floral industry. The plant is sometimes

  • Lathyrus tuberosa (plant)

    groundnut: …and Lathyrus tuberosa, also called earth-nut pea. Cyperus esculentus, nut sedge or yellow nut grass, is a papyrus relative (family Cyperaceae) that also bears edible tubers, especially in the variety called chufa or earth almond.

  • Latia neritoides (gastropod)

    bioluminescence: The range and variety of bioluminescent organisms: The limpet Latia neritoides, found in streams around Auckland, New Zealand, is the only strictly freshwater luminous form known. The so-called firefly shrimp (hotaru ebi) is found in Lake Suwa, Japan, but the light is from luminous bacteria that infect the shrimp and kill it in about…

  • Laticauda (snake genus)

    sea snake: …species of sea kraits (genus Laticauda) are not as specialized for aquatic life as the true sea snakes. Although the tail is flattened, the body is cylindrical, and the nostrils are lateral. They have enlarged belly scales like those of terrestrial snakes and can crawl and climb on land. The…

  • Laticauda colubrina (sea snake)

    sea snake: The yellow-lipped sea krait (L. colubrina) is a common species that possesses this pattern and has a yellow snout. Sea kraits are nocturnal, feeding primarily on eels at depths of less than 15 metres (49 feet). They go ashore to lay their eggs, climbing up into…

  • Laticaudinae (reptile subfamily)

    sea snake: …and the sea kraits (subfamily Laticaudinae), which are related to the Asian cobras. Although their venom is the most potent of all snakes, human fatalities are rare because sea snakes are not aggressive, their venom output is small, and their fangs are very short.

  • Latifah, Queen (American musician and actress)

    Queen Latifah, American musician and actress whose success in the late 1980s launched a wave of female rappers and helped redefine the traditionally male genre. She later became a notable actress. Owens was given the nickname Latifah (Arabic for “delicate” or “sensitive”) as a child and later

  • latifundia (estate)

    Latifundium, any large ancient Roman agricultural estate that used a large number of peasant or slave labourers. The ancient Roman latifundia originated from the allocation of land confiscated by Rome from certain conquered communities, beginning in the early 2nd century bc. Earlier, in classical G

  • latifúndio (estate)

    Latifundium, any large ancient Roman agricultural estate that used a large number of peasant or slave labourers. The ancient Roman latifundia originated from the allocation of land confiscated by Rome from certain conquered communities, beginning in the early 2nd century bc. Earlier, in classical G

  • latifundium (estate)

    Latifundium, any large ancient Roman agricultural estate that used a large number of peasant or slave labourers. The ancient Roman latifundia originated from the allocation of land confiscated by Rome from certain conquered communities, beginning in the early 2nd century bc. Earlier, in classical G

  • Látigo, El (Spanish periodical)

    Pedro Antonio de Alarcón y Ariza: …editor of the anticlerical periodical El Látigo, but in the years 1868–74 he ruined his political reputation by rapid changes of position. His literary reputation, however, steadily increased. El sombrero de tres picos, a short novel inspired by a popular ballad, is notable for its skillful construction and pointed observation…

  • latihan (religion)

    Subud: …feature of Subud is the latihan, its only group spiritual activity, which is usually held for an hour twice a week. During latihan, undergone by men and women in separate rooms, members allow the power of God to express itself through unrestrained spontaneous activity. The latihan includes unprogrammed singing, dancing,…

  • Latimer of Danby, Thomas Osborne, Viscount (English statesman)

    Thomas Osborne, 1st duke of Leeds, English statesman who, while chief minister to King Charles II, organized the Tories in Parliament. In addition he played a key role in bringing William and Mary to the English throne in 1689. The son of a Royalist Yorkshire landowner, Osborne did not become

  • Latimer, Hugh (English Protestant)

    Hugh Latimer, English Protestant who advanced the cause of the Reformation in England through his vigorous preaching and through the inspiration of his martyrdom. Latimer was the son of a prosperous yeoman farmer. Educated at the University of Cambridge, he was ordained a priest about 1510. In the

  • Latimer, Rebecca Ann (American political activist)

    Rebecca Ann Felton, American political activist, writer, and lecturer, the first woman seated in the U.S. Senate. Rebecca Latimer was graduated first in her class from the Madison Female College, Madison, Georgia, in 1852 and the following year married William H. Felton, a local physician active in

  • Latimer, William (English chamberlain)

    United Kingdom: The crises of Edward’s later years: …dominated by men such as William Latimer, the chamberlain, proved unpopular and ineffective. When the so-called Good Parliament met in 1376, grievances had accumulated and needed to be dealt with. As in previous crises, a committee consisting of four bishops, four earls, and four barons was set up to take…

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