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  • Lastman, Pieter (Dutch artist)

    Pieter Lastman, Dutch painter of biblical and mythological scenes in antique landscapes who had a strong influence on the young Rembrandt, who worked in his Amsterdam studio in 1624. Lastman received his earliest training from a pupil of Cornelis van Haarlem, a painter of the post-Renaissance

  • Lastra, Cecilio (Spanish boxer)

    Eusebio Pedroza: …1978, Pedroza knocked out Spaniard Cecilio Lastra in the 13th round to claim the WBA featherweight title. He held that title for seven years, during which he made 19 title defenses, a division record. His reign came to an end on June 8, 1985, when he lost a 15-round decision…

  • Lastuja (work by Aho)

    Juhani Aho: Aho’s short stories, Lastuja, 8 series (1891–1921; “Chips”), have been most enduring; they are concerned with peasant life, fishing, and the wildlife of the lakelands. In these, as in his reminiscences of childhood, Muistatko—? (1920; “Do You Remember?”), Aho displays a quiet lyricism.

  • lasya (Indian dance)

    Hinduism: Shaivism: …gives rise to energy, and lasya, the gentle, lyric dance representing tenderness and grace. Holding a drum upon which he beats the rhythm of creation, he dances within a circle of flames that depicts the arc of dissolution. He holds up the palm of one hand in a gesture of…

  • László de Lombos, Philip Alexius de (British painter)

    P.A. de László, naturalized British painter who gained international fame for his portraits of eminent men. Among his best known subjects were King Edward VII, Kaiser Wilhelm II, U.S. Presidents Theodore R. Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, King George V, Pope Leo XIII, and Benito Mussolini. He was

  • László I (king of Hungary)

    Ladislas I, ; canonized 1192; feast day June 27), king of Hungary who greatly expanded the boundaries of the kingdom and consolidated it internally; no other Hungarian king was so generally beloved by the people. The son of Béla I of Hungary and the Polish princess Rycheza (Ryksa), Ladislas was

  • László Postumus (king of Hungary and Bohemia)

    Ladislas V, boy king of Hungary and of Bohemia (from 1453), who was caught up in the feud between his guardian Ulrich, count of Cilli, and the Hunyadi family of Hungary. Ladislas was the posthumous only son of the Habsburg German king Albert II, who had also been king of Hungary and Bohemia. The e

  • László V (king of Hungary and Bohemia)

    Ladislas V, boy king of Hungary and of Bohemia (from 1453), who was caught up in the feud between his guardian Ulrich, count of Cilli, and the Hunyadi family of Hungary. Ladislas was the posthumous only son of the Habsburg German king Albert II, who had also been king of Hungary and Bohemia. The e

  • Laszlo, Ernest (American cinematographer)
  • László, P. A. de (British painter)

    P.A. de László, naturalized British painter who gained international fame for his portraits of eminent men. Among his best known subjects were King Edward VII, Kaiser Wilhelm II, U.S. Presidents Theodore R. Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, King George V, Pope Leo XIII, and Benito Mussolini. He was

  • László, Szent (king of Hungary)

    Ladislas I, ; canonized 1192; feast day June 27), king of Hungary who greatly expanded the boundaries of the kingdom and consolidated it internally; no other Hungarian king was so generally beloved by the people. The son of Béla I of Hungary and the Polish princess Rycheza (Ryksa), Ladislas was

  • László, Szent (king of Hungary)

    Ladislas I, ; canonized 1192; feast day June 27), king of Hungary who greatly expanded the boundaries of the kingdom and consolidated it internally; no other Hungarian king was so generally beloved by the people. The son of Béla I of Hungary and the Polish princess Rycheza (Ryksa), Ladislas was

  • LAT

    Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope: Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM), which work in the energy range of 10 keV to 300 GeV (10,000 to 300,000,000,000 electron volts) and are based on highly successful predecessors that flew on the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) in the…

  • L?t den r?tte komma in (novel by Lindqvist)

    vampire: History: …den r?tte komma in (2004; Let the Right One In) by John Ajvide Lindqvist, in which the main characters are a perpetually childlike vampire and a young boy she befriends and helps fend off bullies. The book was adapted for film in Sweden in 2008 and in the United States…

  • Lā? Masjid (mosque, Dhar, India)

    Dhar: Dhar’s Lā? Masjid, or Pillar Mosque (1405), was built out of the remains of Jain temples. Its name was derived from a toppled iron pillar (13th century) bearing a later inscription recording the visit of the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1598. Dhar houses the Kamal Maula mausoleum and a…

  • Lat sau san taam (film by Woo [1992])

    Chow Yun-Fat: …Lat sau san taam (1992; Hard-Boiled). Chow also made several popular action films with director Ringo Lam, including Lung fu fong wan (1987; City on Fire), Ban wo chuang tian ya (1989; Wild Search), and Xia dao Gao Fei (1992; Full Contact).

  • Lāt, al- (Arabian deity)

    Al-Lāt, North Arabian goddess of pre-Islāmic times to whom a stone cube at a?-?ā?if (near Mecca) was held sacred as part of her cult. Two other North Arabian goddesses, Manāt (Fate) and al-?Uzzā (Strong), were associated with al-Lāt in the Qur?ān (Islāmic sacred scriptures). The Prophet Mu?ammad

  • Lā?a (historical city, India)

    India: The Deccan: …the Calukyas established itself at Lata in the mid-7th century and played a prominent role in obstructing the Arab advance.

  • Latacunga (Ecuador)

    Latacunga, city, north-central Ecuador, in a basin of the Andes Mountains on the upper Patate River at an elevation of 9,055 feet (2,760 metres). Latacunga lies 20 miles (32 km) southwest of the active volcano Cotopaxi and has been seriously damaged by quakes. Although completely destroyed in 1797,

  • Latakia (Syria)

    Latakia, city and mu?āfa?ah (governorate), northwestern Syria. The city, capital of the governorate, is situated on the low-lying Ra?s Ziyārah promontory that projects into the Mediterranean Sea. It was known to the Phoenicians as Ramitha and to the Greeks as Leuke Akte. Its present name is a

  • Latakia (governorate, Syria)

    Latakia: Latakia governorate embraces Syria’s fertile Mediterranean coastal area. It is an important agricultural region, producing abundant crops of tobacco, cotton, cereal grains, and fruits. Area governorate, 887 square miles (2,297 square km). Pop. (1994) city, 357,562; (2005 est.) governorate, 897,000.

  • latch needle

    textile: Knitting machines: The latch needle is composed of a curved hook, a latch, or tumbler, that swings on a rivet just below the hook, and the stem, or butt. It is sometimes called the self-acting needle because no presser is needed; the hook is closed by the pressure…

  • LatCrit (social sciences)

    critical race theory: Latino critical theory (LatCrit) emerged as an organized group in 1995 and has become a forceful movement in CRT scholarship and activism.

  • LATE (disease)

    dementia: …form of dementia known as limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy (LATE). Although LATE is also marked by the deterioration of memory and cognition and declines in social skills, patterns of neurocognitive change and the rate of decline in LATE differ from Alzheimer disease.

  • Late A ware (Roman art)

    Western sculpture: Minor forms of sculpture: …of red-gloss pottery, known as late A ware, with scenes in relief from Greek mythology and from Roman spectacles, was manufactured in a southern Mediterranean area, probably Egypt.

  • late abortion

    pregnancy: Abortion: …week of gestation (84 days); late abortion is an abortion that occurs after the 12th completed week but before the beginning of the 20th week of gestation (85–134 days).

  • Late Antiquity (European history)

    Migration period, the early medieval period of western European history—specifically, the time (476–800 ce) when there was no Roman (or Holy Roman) emperor in the West or, more generally, the period between about 500 and 1000, which was marked by frequent warfare and a virtual disappearance of

  • Late Anyathian complex

    Stone Age: East and Southeast Asia: In the Late Anyathian, a direct development from the earlier stage, smaller and better-made core and flake artifacts are found. No hand axes or flakes produced by the prepared striking-platform–tortoise-core technique have been found in Myanmar.

  • Late Archaic Chinese language

    Chinese languages: Pre-Classical Chinese: …became still more pronounced in Late Archaic, the language of the two major Confucian and Daoist writers, Mencius (Mengzi) and Zhuangzi, as well as of other important philosophers. The grammar by then had become more explicit in the writing system, with a number of well-defined grammatical particles, and it can…

  • Late Archean Era (geochronology)

    Precambrian: Archean crustal growth: The late Archean (Neoarchean Era) was an important interval of time because it marks the beginning of the major changeover from Archean to Proterozoic types of crustal growth. The formation of the first major rifts characterized the significant events of this time. The first major rift…

  • Late Baroque (art)

    Western painting: Late Baroque and Rococo: Symptomatic of the changing status of the papacy during the 17th century was the fact that the Thirty Years’ War was ended by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 without papal representation in the negotiations. Concurrently, the influence of Spain also…

  • late blight (plant disease)

    Late blight, disease of potato and tomato plants that is caused by the water mold Phytophthora infestans. The disease occurs in humid regions with temperatures ranging between 4 and 29 °C (40 and 80 °F). Hot dry weather checks its spread. Potato or tomato plants that are infected may rot within two

  • Late Bronze Age

    history of Europe: The chronology of the Metal Ages: …into either Early, Middle, and Late phases or into the Unetician, Tumulus, and Urnfield cultures. Synchronizations of the more detailed local subdivisions, which were based on typology of metal objects and cross-associations, have employed schemes of Paul Reinecke and Oscar Montelius. Oscar Montelius’ chronology was developed on the basis of…

  • Late Chagatai language (language)

    Turkic languages: Literary languages: …Middle and Late Ottoman, Azerbaijani, Late Chagatai, and others. Ottoman is the leading language, with a rich literature comprising a variety of forms and styles. Azerbaijani reached a high level of development in the 16th century. Chagatai continued to play a major role, mixing with local elements in, for example,…

  • Late Classic sub-period (Mesoamerican history)

    Mexico: Classic Period: In the Late Classic subperiod, between ad 600 and 900, ceremonial centres in the Maya Lowlands proliferated, as did the carving and erection of the inscribed and dated stelae and monuments. Farming techniques became more sophisticated, abstract thinking soared, and Maya astronomers and mathematicians finished work on…

  • Late Classical period (Greek art)

    Western architecture: Late Classical (c. 400–323 bc): With growth now concentrated in outlying areas, there was understandably less temple building in mainland Greece in this period than there had been in the 5th century, but the Doric temples at Tegea and Nemea in the Peloponnese were important,…

  • Late Cretaceous Epoch (geochronology)

    Australia: The Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras: …slow) seafloor spreading in the Late Cretaceous (about 100 to 66 million years ago). The other momentous event at that time took place in eastern Australia. The shallow sea that had covered nearly half of Australia during the Early Cretaceous retreated when the long-enduring Chilean-type subduction off eastern Australia was…

  • Late Cubism (art)

    Georges Braque: Cubism: …1912 Picasso and Braque entered Synthetic Cubism, the phase in which subject matter became more central as the artists moved their forms out of the confusion of contrasting planes. That year Braque created what is generally considered the first papier collé by attaching three pieces of wallpaper to the drawing…

  • Late Devonian Epoch (geochronology)

    Devonian Period: Correlation of Devonian strata: The Late Devonian was characterized by a spectacular evolutionary radiation of Palmatolepis and its relatives.

  • late Eocene Epoch (geochronology)

    rodent: Evolution and classification: Late Eocene to present. Family Echimyidae (American spiny rats) 71 species in 17 genera, 21 extinct genera. Late Oligocene to present in South America, Pleistocene to present in West Indies. Family Octodontidae (rock rats, degus, viscachas, viscacha

  • Late for the Sky (album by Browne)

    Jackson Browne: …two, including the highly regarded Late for the Sky, featured instrumentalist David Lindley—Browne had million-selling hits with The Pretender (1976) and the live album Running on Empty (1978); the title tracks from both recordings are among his best-known songs. His musical style ranged from romantic folk-rock ballads to up-tempo rock…

  • Late Formative period (Mesoamerican history)

    Mesoamerican civilization: In the subsequent Late Formative and Classic periods, lasting until about 700–900 ce, the well-known Maya, Zapotec, Totonac, and Teotihuacán civilizations developed distinctive variations on their shared Olmec heritage. The Maya, for example, brought astronomy, mathematics, calendar making, and

  • Late George Apley, The (novel by Marquand)

    John P. Marquand: …a crumbling New England gentility: The Late George Apley (1937), Wickford Point (1939), and H.M. Pulham, Esquire (1941), in which a conforming Bostonian renounces romantic love for duty. He wrote three novels dealing with the dislocations of wartime America—So Little Time (1943), Repent in Haste (1945), and B.F.’s

  • Late George Apley, The (film by Mankiewicz [1947])

    Joseph L. Mankiewicz: Directing: The Late George Apley (1947) was a more typical Mankiewicz project, a comedy of manners that preserves the literary flavour of the J.P. Marquand novel on which it is based; Ronald Colman played a Boston blue blood concerned only with his social standing. The Ghost…

  • Late Gothic art

    Gothic art: Late Gothic: In France the Rayonnant style evolved about 1280 into an even more decorative phase called the Flamboyant style, which lasted until about 1500. In England a development known as the Perpendicular style lasted from about 1375 to 1500. The most conspicuous feature of…

  • Late Hallstatt Period (European culture)

    history of Europe: Changing centres of wealth: …but, as with Heuneburg, the Late Hallstatt Period is a distinct phase, and the brief time it took for these centres to come into existence demonstrates the potential for power available at the time. Heuneburg was one of the wealthiest of all these sites, and it is important for many…

  • Late Heavy Bombardment (astronomy)

    meteor and meteoroid: Meteorites—meteoroids that survive atmospheric entry: …often referred to as the late heavy bombardment, can be seen in the ancient, heavily cratered terrains of the Moon, Mars, Mercury, and many other bodies.

  • Late Intermediate Period (ancient South American history)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: The Late Intermediate Period: The Late Intermediate Period began about 1000 (Rowe has said 900) with the dying out of the signs of unity imposed by Huari. The seeds of the Chimú state were probably sown at the same time, but they are…

  • Late Jōmon (ancient culture, Japan)

    Japanese art: Jōmon period: In the Late Jōmon (c. 1500–1000 bce) colder temperatures and increased rainfall forced migration from the central mountains to the eastern coastal areas of Honshu. There is evidence of even greater interest in ritual, probably because of the extensive decrease in population. From this time are found…

  • Late Jurassic Epoch (geochronology)

    Australia: The Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras: …in the northwest during the Late Jurassic (about 164 to 145 million years ago) and in the west during the Early Cretaceous (about 145 to 100 million years ago). Subsequent burial of the sand by sediment of late Mesozoic and Cenozoic age (about 66 million years old or younger) generated…

  • Late Late Show, The (United States television program)

    James Corden: …as host of CBS TV’s The Late Late Show, replacing Craig Ferguson. Corden debuted the following year, and critics generally agreed that his venture into American late-night TV was a hit. The show combined traditional celebrity interviews and zany comedy skits, notably the popular segment “carpool karaoke,” in which entertainers…

  • Late Mattia Pascal, The (novel by Pirandello)

    Luigi Pirandello: …Il fu Mattia Pascal (1904; The Late Mattia Pascal). Although the theme is not typically “Pirandellian,” since the obstacles confronting its hero result from external circumstances, it already shows the acute psychological observation that was later to be directed toward the exploration of his characters’ subconscious.

  • Late Middle English language

    Middle English language: …and Geoffrey Chaucer; and (3) Late Middle English, from about 1400 to about 1500, which was marked by the spread of the London literary dialect and the gradual cleavage between the Scottish dialect and the other northern dialects. During this period the basic lines of inflection as they appear in…

  • Late Minoan period (Aegean history)

    Minoan civilization: The Late Minoan period (c. 1400–c. 1100 bce), however, was a time of marked decline in both economic power and aesthetic achievement.

  • Late Miocene Epoch (geochronology)

    Miocene Epoch: …million years ago), and the Late Miocene Epoch (11.6 million to 5.3 million years ago). The Miocene may also be divided into six ages and their corresponding rock stages: from oldest to youngest these ages or stages are the Aquitanian, Burdigalian, Langhian, Serravallian, Tortonian, and Messinian. The

  • Late Nazca pottery (ancient Peruvian art)

    Nazca: …relatively uncomplicated and bold; the Late Nazca (Ica) style runs to other vessel forms, including some modeled effigies, and the designs incorporate more fine detail.

  • Late Night (film by Ganatra [2019])

    Mindy Kaling: …wrote her first feature-length screenplay, Late Night, in which she also starred as a diversity hire on the writing team of a nightly talk show.

  • Late Night with Conan O’Brien (American television program)

    Marc Maron: …than 30 appearances, one of Late Night with Conan O’Brien’s most-prolific guests. In 2004 he began his tempestuous tenure on left-leaning Air America Radio (AAR), from which he was fired and rehired twice. In 2009 Maron—in the midst of a divorce and struggling in his career, which was hindered by…

  • Late Night with David Letterman (American television program)

    David Letterman: …television with the critically acclaimed Late Night with David Letterman, which premiered in 1982 on NBC. The show ran immediately after Carson’s The Tonight Show, and its ironic and offbeat humour was a hit with viewers. Late Night featured top-10 lists; sarcastic interplay between Letterman and his comic foil, bandleader…

  • Late Night with Jimmy Fallon (American television program)

    The Tonight Show: …who had replaced O’Brien at Late Night, began hosting The Tonight Show, which moved back to New York City.

  • Late Old Japanese language

    Japanese language: Literary history: …(up to the 8th century), Late Old Japanese (9th–11th century), Middle Japanese (12th–16th century), Early Modern Japanese (17th–18th century), and Modern Japanese (19th century to the present).

  • late Paleocene Epoch (geochronology)

    rodent: Evolution and classification: …million years to the Late Paleocene Epoch in North America. Those species, however, are considered to have originated in Eurasia, so the origin of the order Rodentia is certainly older. However, lack of fossil evidence prior to the Late Paleocene makes the understanding of evolutionary relationships between rodents above the…

  • Late period (Egyptian history)

    ancient Egypt: The Late period (664–332 bce): Assyria, unable to maintain a large force in Egypt, supported several delta vassal princes, including the powerful Psamtik I of Sais. But the Assyrians faced serious problems closer to home, and Psamtik (or Psammetichus I, ruled 664–610 bce) was able to…

  • Late Permian Epoch (geochronology)

    Permian Period: Sea level: …at various times within the Late Permian (Lopingian) Epoch and at the terminus of the Permian Period. Extended global withdrawal of seas from continental shelves and platforms led to significant unconformities (gaps in the geologic record) and to extensive evolutionary turnovers (events of species diversification and extinction) in shallow marine…

  • late phase (pathology)

    therapeutics: Wound treatment: In the late phase, the production of new and stronger collagen remodels the scar, blood vessels enlarge, and the epithelium at the surface heals.

  • late Pliocene Epoch (geochronology)

    harvest mouse: Old World harvest mouse: …back as far as the late Pliocene Epoch (3.6 to 2.6 million years ago). Wood mice are the closest living relatives of the Old World harvest mouse.

  • Late Preceramic (Andean prehistory)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: The Late Preceramic: There is ample evidence of human occupation by 3500 bc, at which time there was already considerable diversity along the Pacific. In the central and northern coastal areas lived people who cultivated beans, squash, cotton, and chili peppers and who exploited the sea,…

  • Late Proterozoic Era (geochronology)

    Precambrian: Proterozoic plate movements: During the late Proterozoic (Neoproterozoic Era), some orogenic belts, like the Pan-African belts of Saudi Arabia and East Africa, continued to develop. The intense crustal growth and the many orogenic belts that formed throughout the Proterozoic began to create large continental blocks, which amalgamated to produce a…

  • Late Protoliterate Period (archaeology)

    Ur: Foundation of the city: …the succeeding “Jamdat Nasr” (Late Protoliterate) phase, a large cemetery produced valuable remains allied to more sensational discoveries made at Erech.

  • Late Registration (album by West)

    Kanye West: His second album, Late Registration (2005), repeated the commercial success of his first—with a number of hit singles, including “Diamonds from Sierra Leone” and “Gold Digger”—and earned West three more Grammy Awards. He also gained attention for his widely quoted assertion that the federal government’s slow response to…

  • Late Renaissance (art)

    Western architecture: Italian Mannerism or Late Renaissance (1520–1600): Mannerism is the term applied to certain aspects of artistic style, mainly Italian, in the period between the High Renaissance of the early 16th century and the beginnings of Baroque art in the early 17th. From the third decade of the 16th…

  • Late Shang (archaeological period, China)

    China: The Shang dynasty: …and the Yinxu phase of Late Shang indicates a widespread network of Shang cultural sites that were linked by uniform bronze-casting styles and mortuary practices. A relatively homogeneous culture united the Bronze Age elite through much of China around the 14th century bce.

  • Late Show (American television program)

    Late Show, American late-night talk show that began airing on the CBS television network in 1993, with comedian David Letterman as host, and won numerous Emmy Awards for its innovative, frequently off-the-wall approach to the talk-show format. After Letterman stepped down in 2015, Stephen Colbert

  • Late Show with David Letterman (American television program)

    Late Show, American late-night talk show that began airing on the CBS television network in 1993, with comedian David Letterman as host, and won numerous Emmy Awards for its innovative, frequently off-the-wall approach to the talk-show format. After Letterman stepped down in 2015, Stephen Colbert

  • Late Show with Stephen Colbert, The (American television program)

    Late Show, American late-night talk show that began airing on the CBS television network in 1993, with comedian David Letterman as host, and won numerous Emmy Awards for its innovative, frequently off-the-wall approach to the talk-show format. After Letterman stepped down in 2015, Stephen Colbert

  • Late Show, The (film by Benton [1977])

    Robert Benton: Directing: Benton next directed The Late Show (1977) from his own screenplay about an aging private eye whose partner is killed while trying to help a quirky woman find her cat. Art Carney was impressive as Ira Wells, the gumshoe who is falling apart at the seams, and Lily…

  • Late Stone Age (anthropology)

    Neolithic, final stage of cultural evolution or technological development among prehistoric humans. It was characterized by stone tools shaped by polishing or grinding, dependence on domesticated plants or animals, settlement in permanent villages, and the appearance of such crafts as pottery and

  • late wood (wood)

    angiosperm: Secondary vascular system: …wood (spring wood) and the late wood (summer wood); early wood is less dense because the cells are larger and their walls are thinner. Although the transition of early wood to late wood within a growth ring may be obscure, that demarcation between the adjacent late wood of one ring…

  • late-onset hypogonadism (physiology)

    human endocrine system: The testis: …by late-onset hypogonadism (andropause, or male menopause), which begins around age 40 and results in decreased testicular function and testosterone deficiency. Symptoms of late-onset hypogonadism include decreased libido, fatigue, depression, and erectile dysfunction. The condition may proceed unnoticed for many years because symptoms are often subtle.

  • Latécoère, Pierre (French aircraft manufacturer)

    Pierre Latécoère, French aircraft manufacturer who aided the development of international airline service. The Compagnie Latécoère began commercial air flights between Toulouse, Fr., and Barcelona on Dec. 25, 1918, and extended its route to Morocco in 1919 and to Dakar, Senegal, in 1925. In 1927

  • Latecomers (novel by Brookner)

    Anita Brookner: Brookner’s other novels included Latecomers (1988), chronicling the lives of two male German Jews orphaned during the Holocaust who make a life for themselves in England; Brief Lives (1990); Fraud (1992); Visitors (1997); Undue Influence (1999); the Booker-nominated The Next Big Thing (2002); The Rules of Engagement (2003); Leaving…

  • Lateef, Yusef (American saxophonist)

    Yusef Abdul Lateef, (William Emanuel Huddleston; William Evans), American musician (born Oct. 9, 1920, Chattanooga, Tenn.—died Dec. 23, 2013, Shutesbury, Mass.), was a masterful lyrical bop tenor saxophonist who went on to fuse jazz with other sounds, harmonies, and rhythms from around the world.

  • lateen sail (sail)

    Lateen sail, triangular sail that was of decisive importance to medieval navigation. The ancient square sail permitted sailing only before the wind; the lateen was the earliest fore-and-aft sail. The triangular sail was affixed to a long yard or crossbar, mounted at its middle to the top of the

  • latency stage (psychology)

    human behaviour: Psychoanalytic theories: …before puberty are called the latency stage. During the final and so-called genital stage of development, mature gratification is sought in a heterosexual love relationship with another. Freud believed that adult emotional problems result from either deprivation or excessive gratification during the oral, anal, or phallic stages. A child with…

  • latent content (psychology)

    dream: Psychoanalytic interpretations: …being expressed were called the latent content. Freud suggested that the dreamer kept himself from waking and avoided unpleasant awareness of repressed wishes by disguising them as bizarre manifest content in an effort called dreamwork. He held that impulses one fails to satisfy when awake are expressed in dreams as…

  • latent fingerprinting (criminology)

    fingerprint: Latent fingerprinting involves locating, preserving, and identifying impressions left by a culprit in the course of committing a crime. In latent fingerprints, the ridge structure is reproduced not in ink on a record card but on an object in sweat, oily secretions, or other substances…

  • latent heat (physics)

    Latent heat, energy absorbed or released by a substance during a change in its physical state (phase) that occurs without changing its temperature. The latent heat associated with melting a solid or freezing a liquid is called the heat of fusion; that associated with vaporizing a liquid or a solid

  • Latent Heterosexual, The (work of Chayefsky)

    Paddy Chayefsky: The Latent Heterosexual (published 1967; performed 1968) tells of a successful homosexual author who marries for tax purposes and enjoys it. Chayefsky also wrote film scripts and scenarios; he received Academy Awards for his screenplays for Marty, The Hospital (1971), and Network (1976), the last-named…

  • latent image (photography)

    Latent image, in photography, the invisible configuration of silver halide crystals on a piece of film after exposure to image-bearing focussed light; it is distinguishable from unexposed silver halide only by its ability to be reduced to metallic silver by a developing agent. According to current

  • latent root (mathematics)

    Eigenvalue, one of a set of discrete values of a parameter, k, in an equation of the form Pψ = kψ, in which P is a linear operator (that is, a symbol denoting a linear operation to be performed), for which there are solutions satisfying given boundary conditions. The symbol ψ (psi) represents an

  • latent tuberculosis (pathology)

    tuberculosis: The course of tuberculosis: In this condition, sometimes called latent tuberculosis, the affected person is not contagious. In some cases, however, sometimes after periods of time that can reach 40 years or more, the original tubercles break down, releasing viable bacilli into the bloodstream. From the blood the bacilli create new tissue infections elsewhere…

  • Later Baekje (ancient kingdom, Korea)

    Korea: The emergence of provincial magnates: …and Kungye, established, respectively, the Later Paekche (892) and Later Kogury? (also called Majin or T’aebong; 901) kingdoms. Together with Silla, they are commonly referred to as the Later Three Kingdoms. In this period S?n (Zen) Buddhism was most popular, with its emphasis on the importance of realizing, through contemplation,…

  • Later Cālukya dynasty (Indian history)

    Deccan: century, the Chalukya, Rastrakuta, Later Chalukya, Hoysala, and Yadava families successively established regional kingdoms in the Deccan, but they were continually in conflict with neighbouring states and recalcitrant feudatories. The later kingdoms also were subject to looting raids by the Muslim Delhi sultanate, which eventually gained control of the…

  • Later Chin (Manchu dynasty [1616–1644])

    China: The rise of the Manchu: …banners were created as the Manchu conquered new regions, and eventually there were Manchu, Mongol, and Chinese banners, eight for each ethnic group. By 1648 less than one-sixth of the bannermen were actually of Manchu ancestry. The Manchu conquest was thus achieved with a multiethnic army led by Manchu nobles…

  • Later Goguryeo (ancient kingdom, Korea)

    Korea: The emergence of provincial magnates: …the Later Paekche (892) and Later Kogury? (also called Majin or T’aebong; 901) kingdoms. Together with Silla, they are commonly referred to as the Later Three Kingdoms. In this period S?n (Zen) Buddhism was most popular, with its emphasis on the importance of realizing, through contemplation, the inborn Buddha nature…

  • Later Han dynasty (Chinese history [25-220])

    China: Dong (Eastern) Han: The Han house was restored by Liu Xiu, better known as Guangwudi, who reigned from 25 to 57 ce. His claim had been contested by another member of the Liu house—Liu Xuan, better known as Liu Gengshi—who had been actually enthroned for…

  • Later Han dynasty (Chinese history [947–951])

    Five Dynasties: …name Liu Zhiyuan) founded the Hou (Later) Han dynasty and pushed the Khitan back into Inner Asia. But this regime lasted only four years before still another general usurped the throne, founding the Hou (Later) Zhou dynasty. Although progress toward a more stable government began to be made during this…

  • Later Jin dynasty (Chinese history [936-946/947])

    Five Dynasties: …Asia, and Gaozu established the Hou (Later) Jin dynasty. When Gaozu’s son attempted to halt his tribute payments to the Khitan in 946, they reinvaded North China and carried him into captivity, thus ending the 10-year Hou Jin dynasty. The following year a former Hou Jin general who also bore…

  • Later Kogury? (ancient kingdom, Korea)

    Korea: The emergence of provincial magnates: …the Later Paekche (892) and Later Kogury? (also called Majin or T’aebong; 901) kingdoms. Together with Silla, they are commonly referred to as the Later Three Kingdoms. In this period S?n (Zen) Buddhism was most popular, with its emphasis on the importance of realizing, through contemplation, the inborn Buddha nature…

  • Later Le dynasty (Vietnamese history)

    Later Le Dynasty, (1428–1788), the greatest and longest lasting dynasty of traditional Vietnam. Its predecessor, the Earlier Le, was founded by Le Hoan and lasted from 980 to 1009. The Later Le was established when its founder, Le Loi, began a resistance movement against the Chinese armies then

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