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  • Locmariaquer (France)

    Locmariaquer, village and seaside resort on the coast of the Gulf of Morbihan, Morbihan département, Brittany région, western France, south of Auray. It is famous for its megalithic monuments, notably the Fairies’ Stone, a huge broken standing stone, originally 66 feet (20 metres) high—the greatest

  • loco palla-palla (Bolivian dance)

    Bolivia: Traditional culture: …attitudes: the dance of the palla-palla caricatures the 16th-century Spanish invaders, the dance of the waka-tokoris satirizes bullfights, and the morenada mocks white men, who are depicted leading imported African slaves. Some highly embroidered and colourful costumes imitate pre-Columbian dress. Many costumes are accompanied by elaborate masks made of plaster,…

  • Locofoco Party (United States history)

    Locofoco Party, in U.S. history, radical wing of the Democratic Party, organized in New York City in 1835. Made up primarily of workingmen and reformers, the Locofocos were opposed to state banks, monopolies, paper money, tariffs, and generally any financial policies that seemed to them

  • Locomobile (vehicle)

    automobile: The age of steam: …them and sold as the Locomobile became the first commercially successful American-made automobile (about 1,000 were built in 1900). It is estimated that in the year 2000 there were still some 600 steam cars in the United States, most of them in running order.

  • locomotion (behaviour)

    Locomotion, in ethology, any of a variety of movements among animals that results in progression from one place to another. To locomote, all animals require both propulsive and control mechanisms. The diverse propulsive mechanisms of animals involve a contractile structure—muscle in most cases—to

  • locomotive (vehicle)

    Locomotive, any of various self-propelled vehicles used for hauling railroad cars on tracks. Although motive power for a train-set can be incorporated into a car that also has passenger, baggage, or freight accommodations, it most often is provided by a separate unit, the locomotive, which includes

  • Locomotive Firemen, Brotherhood of (American labour organization)

    Eugene V. Debs: …a local lodge of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, of which he was elected national secretary and treasurer in 1880. He also served as city clerk of Terre Haute (1879–83) and as a member of the Indiana legislature (1885).

  • Locomotives on Highways Act (1865, United Kingdom)

    automobile: The age of steam: The crushing blow was the Locomotives on Highways Act of 1865, which reduced permissible speeds on public roads to 2 miles (3 km) per hour within cities and 4 miles (6 km) per hour in rural areas. This legislation was known as the Red Flag Act because of its requirement…

  • locomotor ataxia (pathology)

    Tabes dorsalis, rare neurologic form of tertiary syphilis, involving sensory deficits, loss of neuromuscular coordination, and diminished reflexes. Symptoms of this form of neurosyphilis chiefly affect the legs and may not appear for more than 25 years after the initial infection. Untreated, tabes

  • locoweed (plant)

    Locoweed, any of several species of poisonous plants of the genera Astragalus and Oxytropis, in the pea family (Fabaceae). Locoweeds are native to the prairies of north central and western North America and can pose a danger to livestock, horses, and other grazing animals. If ingested, the plants’

  • Locri (ancient city, Italy)

    Locri Epizephyrii, ancient city on the eastern side of the “toe” of Italy, founded by Greeks c. 680 bc; the inhabitants used the name of Locri Epizephyrii to distinguish themselves from the Locri of Greece. Locri Epizephyrii was the first Greek community to have a written code of laws, given by

  • Locri Epizephyrii (ancient city, Italy)

    Locri Epizephyrii, ancient city on the eastern side of the “toe” of Italy, founded by Greeks c. 680 bc; the inhabitants used the name of Locri Epizephyrii to distinguish themselves from the Locri of Greece. Locri Epizephyrii was the first Greek community to have a written code of laws, given by

  • Locri Opuntii (ancient Greek people)

    Opus: …the chief city of the Locri Opuntii. Its site may have been at modern Atalándi or at Kiparíssi. Homer in his Iliad mentioned Opus, and Pindar devoted his ninth Olympian ode mainly to its glory and traditions. By the 5th century bc, Opus gave its name to some of the…

  • Locrian mode (music)

    Locrian mode, in Western music, the melodic mode with a pitch series corresponding to that produced by the white keys of the piano within a B–B octave. The Locrian mode and its plagal (lower-register) counterpart, the Hypolocrian mode, existed in principal long before they were mentioned by the

  • Locris (ancient region, Greece)

    Aeschines: …the town of Amphissa, in Locris, Aeschines gave Philip a pretext on which to enter central Greece as the champion of the Amphictyonic forces. The eventual result was the establishment of Macedonian hegemony over central Greece (including Athens) after the Battle of Chaeronea (338). The bitter hostility between Aeschines and…

  • Locum Andre (Italy)

    Andria, city, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy. It is situated on the eastern slopes of the Murge plateau, just south of Barletta. Andria was perhaps the Netium mentioned by the 1st-century-bce Greek geographer Strabo, but its recorded history began with the arrival of the Normans in the

  • locus (genetics)

    evolution: The gene pool: …gene (which geneticists call a locus), such as the one determining the MN blood groups in humans. One form of the gene codes for the M blood group, while the other form codes for the N blood group; different forms of the same gene are called alleles. The MN gene…

  • locus (geometry)

    mathematics: The Elements: …constructions and proofs of plane geometric figures: Book I deals with the congruence of triangles, the properties of parallel lines, and the area relations of triangles and parallelograms; Book II establishes equalities relating to squares, rectangles, and triangles; Book III covers basic properties of circles; and Book IV sets out…

  • locus (psychology)

    motivation: Attribution theory: …as falling along three dimensions: locus, stability, and controllability. Locus refers to the location, internal or external, of the perceived cause of a success or failure. Ability and effort, for example, are seen as internal dispositions of a person, while task difficulty and luck are situational factors external to the…

  • locus ceruleus (physiology)

    sleep: REM sleep: Animal studies have identified the locus ceruleus (or locus coeruleus), a region in the brainstem, as the probable source of that inhibition. When that structure is surgically destroyed in experimental animals, the animals periodically engage in active, apparently goal-directed behaviour during REM sleep, although they still show the unresponsivity to…

  • locust (tree)

    Locust, (genus Robinia), genus of about 10 species of flowering trees and shrubs in the pea family (Fabaceae), occurring in eastern North America and Mexico. Several locust trees are cultivated as ornamentals, especially the black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), often called false acacia, or yellow

  • locust (insect)

    Locust, (family Acrididae), any of a group of insects (order Orthoptera) that are distributed worldwide, the common name of which generally refers to the group of short-horned grasshoppers that often increase greatly in numbers and migrate long distances in destructive swarms. In Europe the term

  • locust (tree genus)

    Honey locust, (genus Gleditsia), genus of 12 species of thorny trees or shrubs in the pea family (Fabaceae). Honey locusts are native to North and South America, tropical Africa, and central and eastern Asia. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals, and a number are useful for timber or as

  • locust bean (plant)

    Carob, (Ceratonia siliqua), tree of the pea family (Fabaceae), grown for its edible pods. Carob is native to the eastern Mediterranean region and is cultivated elsewhere. The ripe dried pods can be ground into a powder that is somewhat similar in flavour to cocoa, and carob powder, chips, and

  • locust bird (common name of several birds)

    Locust bird, any of various African birds that eat grasshoppers and locusts, especially the black-winged pratincole (see pratincole). In India the rose-coloured starling is called locust

  • locust borer (insect)

    long-horned beetle: Another cerambycid is the locust borer (Megacyllene robiniae), which is black with yellow stripes across the body. Female locust borers lay their eggs in black locust trees. After the larvae hatch, they bore into the inner bark of the tree, creating tunnels and leaving the tree susceptible to damaging…

  • Locust Grove (landmark, New York, United States)

    Samuel F.B. Morse: By 1847 Morse had bought Locust Grove, an estate overlooking the Hudson River near Poughkeepsie, New York, where, early in the 1850s, he built an Italian villa-style mansion. He spent his summers there with his large family of children and grandchildren, returning each winter season to his brownstone home in…

  • Locust Street Social Settlement (settlement house, Hampton, Virginia, United States)

    Janie Porter Barrett: …was formally organized as the Locust Street Social Settlement, the nation’s first settlement house for African-Americans. In 1902 she and her husband built a separate structure on their property to house the settlement’s numerous activities, which included clubs, classes in domestic skills, and recreation; many of these activities were funded…

  • Locusta (Roman murderer)

    serial murder: History: …the earliest documented cases involved Locusta, a Roman woman hired by Agrippina the Younger, the mother of Nero, to poison several members of the imperial family; Locusta was executed in 69 ce. Serial murders also were documented in medieval England, Germany, Hungary, and Italy. The French baron Gilles de Rais,…

  • Locusta migratoria (insect)

    insect: Damage to growing crops: …desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) and migratory locust (Locusta migratoria) are two examples of this type of life cycle.

  • Locustidae (insect)

    Short-horned grasshopper, (family Acrididae), any of more than 10,000 species of insects (order Orthoptera) that are characterized by short, heavy antennae, a four-valved ovipositor for laying eggs, and three-segmented tarsi (distal segments of the leg). They are herbivorous and include some of the

  • Lod (Israel)

    Lod, city, central Israel, on the Plain of Sharon southeast of Tel Aviv–Yafo. Of ancient origin, it is mentioned several times in the Bible: in a New Testament account (Acts 9:32), the apostle Peter healed the paralytic at Lod. The city was a well-known centre of Jewish scholars and merchants from

  • Loddon River (river, Australia)

    Loddon River, river, central Victoria, Australia, rising in the Eastern Highlands 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Melbourne and flowing northwest and north for more than 200 miles (320 km), past Kerang, joining with the Little Murray and then with the Murray near Swan Hill. Inconstant in volume, the

  • lode (ore deposit)

    Vein, in geology, ore body that is disseminated within definite boundaries in unwanted rock or minerals (gangue). The term, as used by geologists, is nearly synonymous with the term lode, as used by miners. There are two distinct types: fissure veins and ladder veins. Fissure veins, the earliest

  • loden cloth (textile)

    fulling: A common example is loden cloth, first produced in Austria in the 16th century. See also felting.

  • loden coat (garment)

    Loden coat, jacket of Tyrolean origin, made of loden cloth, which was first handwoven by peasants living in Loderers, Austria, in the 16th century. The material comes from the coarse, oily wool of mountain sheep and is thick, soft, and waterproof. Loden cloth is dyed in several colours, but bluish

  • Loden, James Hugh (American musician)

    Sonny James, (James Hugh Loden), American country musician (born May 1, 1928, Hackleburg, Ala.—died Feb. 22, 2016, Nashville, Tenn.), dominated the country music charts during the 1950s and ’60s, beginning with his biggest success, “Young Love,” which in 1957 topped both the country and pop music

  • lodestone (mineral)

    Magnetite, iron oxide mineral (FeFe2O4, or Fe3O4) that is the chief member of one of the series of the spinel (q.v.) group. Minerals in this series form black to brownish, metallic, moderately hard octahedrons and masses in igneous and metamorphic rocks and in granite pegmatites, stony meteorites,

  • Lodewijk van Nassau (Dutch political leader)

    Louis of Nassau, nobleman who provided key military and political leadership in the early phases (1566–74) of the Netherlands’ revolt against Spanish rule and who served as a valued ally of his older brother William, Prince of Orange (William I the Silent). A Lutheran from birth, Louis lived in

  • lodge (dwelling)

    Lodge, originally an insubstantial house or dwelling, erected as a seasonal habitation or for some temporary occupational purpose, such as woodcutting. In this sense the word is currently used to describe accommodations for sportsmen during hunting season and for recreationists, such as skiers.

  • Lodge, David (British author, editor, and critic)

    David Lodge, English novelist, literary critic, playwright, and editor known chiefly for his satiric novels about academic life. Lodge was educated at University College, London (B.A., 1955; M.A., 1959), and at the University of Birmingham (Ph.D., 1967). His early novels, known mostly in England,

  • Lodge, David John (British author, editor, and critic)

    David Lodge, English novelist, literary critic, playwright, and editor known chiefly for his satiric novels about academic life. Lodge was educated at University College, London (B.A., 1955; M.A., 1959), and at the University of Birmingham (Ph.D., 1967). His early novels, known mostly in England,

  • Lodge, Henry Cabot (United States senator [1902–1985])

    Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. senator and diplomat who ran unsuccessfully for the vice presidency of the United States in 1960. He was the grandson of Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge (1850–1924) and a member of a politically dedicated family that included six U.S. senators and a governor of Massachusetts. Lodge

  • Lodge, Henry Cabot (United States senator [1850-1924])

    Henry Cabot Lodge, Republican U.S. senator for more than 31 years (1893–1924); he led the successful congressional opposition to his country’s participation in the League of Nations following World War I. In 1876 Lodge was one of the first to be granted a doctorate in history from Harvard

  • Lodge, John (British musician)

    the Moody Blues: …14, 1946, Swindon, Wiltshire, England), John Lodge (b. July 20, 1945, Birmingham), and Patrick Moraz (b. June 24, 1948, Morges, Switzerland).

  • Lodge, Sir Oliver Joseph (British physicist)

    Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge, British physicist who perfected the coherer, a radio-wave detector and the heart of the early radiotelegraph receiver. Lodge became assistant professor of applied mathematics at University College, London, in 1879 and was appointed to the chair of physics at University

  • Lodge, Thomas (English writer)

    Thomas Lodge, English poet, dramatist, and prose writer whose innovative versatility typified the Elizabethan Age. He is best remembered for the prose romance Rosalynde, the source of William Shakespeare’s As You Like It. He was the son of Sir Thomas Lodge, who was lord mayor of London in 1562. The

  • Lodge-Philbin Act (United States [1950])

    Aaron Bank: …who had enlisted under the Lodge-Philbin Act, a 1950 law that offered U.S. citizenship to eastern European immigrants in exchange for military service.

  • lodgepole pine (tree)

    tree: Tree height growth: Some species, such as lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), are polycyclic; they have several flushes from a single bud during the growing season.

  • Lodger (album by Bowie)

    David Bowie: …its sequels, “Heroes” (1977) and Lodger (1979), would prove to be Bowie’s most influential and lasting, serving as a blueprint for a later generation of techno-rock. In the short run, they marked the end of his significant mass audience impact, though not his sales—thanks mostly to Rodgers.

  • Lodger, The (work by Lowndes)

    Marie Adelaide Lowndes: The Lodger, published the following year, was a fictional treatment of the Jack the Ripper murders. Her numerous works, spanning the first 40 years of the 20th century, include a series featuring the detective Hercules Popeau and an autobiography, “I, Too, Have Lived in Arcadia”…

  • Lodger: A Story of the London Fog, The (film by Hitchcock [1927])

    Alfred Hitchcock: First films: But it was The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog (1927) that both he and students of the cinema would come to regard as his first “real” work—and one that very much drew on his youthful surroundings. Adapted from a popular novel by Marie Belloc Lowndes, the…

  • lodgment till (geology)

    glacial landform: Glacial deposition: …type of deposit is called lodgment till. By definition, till is any material laid down directly or reworked by a glacier. Typically, it is a mixture of rock fragments and boulders in a fine-grained sandy or muddy matrix (non-stratified drift). The exact composition of any particular till, however, depends on…

  • Lodi (Italy)

    Lodi, town, Lombardia (Lombardy) regione, northern Italy. It lies on the right bank of the Adda River, southeast of Milan. The original settlement (5th century bc) on the site of the present suburb of Lodi Vecchio obtained Roman citizenship in 89 bc as Laus Pompeia. Destroyed in the communal

  • Lodi (California, United States)

    Lodi, city, San Joaquin county, central California, U.S. Lodi lies along the Mokelumne River at the junction of the San Joaquin and Sacramento valleys just northeast of Stockton, on the edge of the Sacramento River delta. It originated as Mokelumne Station (1869) on the Central Pacific (later part

  • Lodī dynasty (Indian history)

    Lodī dynasty, (1451–1526), last ruling family of the Delhi sultanate of India. The dynasty was of Afghan origin. The first Lodī ruler was Bahlūl Lodī (reigned 1451–89), the most powerful of the Punjab chiefs, who replaced the last king of the Sayyid dynasty in 1451. Bahlūl was a vigorous leader,

  • Lodi, Battle of (Italian history [1796])

    Battle of Lodi, (May 10, 1796), small but dramatic engagement in Napoleon Bonaparte’s first Italian campaign, in which he earned the confidence and loyalty of his men, who nicknamed him “The Little Corporal” in recognition of his personal courage. The battle was fought at the Lodi Bridge, over the

  • Lodi, Peace of (Europe [1454])

    Peace of Lodi, (April 9, 1454), treaty between Venice and Milan ending the war of succession to the Milanese duchy in favour of Francesco Sforza. It marked the beginning of a 40-year period of relative peace, during which power was balanced among the five states that dominated the Italian

  • lodicule (plant anatomy)

    Poaceae: Characteristic morphological features: …there are translucent structures called lodicules. They are two or three (rarely none or up to six) in number and too small to be seen well without magnification. They vary in shape, but all function similarly in that they swell rapidly when the flower is mature and force apart the…

  • Lodoicea maldivica (plant)

    Coco de mer, (Lodoicea maldivica), native palm of the Seychelles Islands in the Indian Ocean. The flowers are borne in enormous fleshy spadices (spikes), the male and female on distinct plants. Coco de mer fruits, among the largest known, take about 10 years to ripen; they have a fleshy and fibrous

  • Lodo?ska (opera by Cherubini)

    Luigi Cherubini: …inaugurated his new style was Lodo?ska (1791). It moved away from the emphasis on the solo voice found in opera seria to give new scope to ensembles and choruses and a fresh dramatic importance to the orchestra. He thus forged a link between the older style and the grand opera…

  • Lodoli, Carlo (Italian critic)

    Western architecture: Italy: …of pure theory, a Venetian, Carlo Lodoli, was an important early advocate of Functionalism. His ideas are known through the writings of Francesco Algarotti, including the Saggio sopra l’architettura (1753) and Lettere sopra l’architettura (beginning 1742). Lodoli’s theories were similar to those of Laugier, requiring that every part of a…

  • ?ód? (Poland)

    ?ód?, city, capital of ?ódzkie województwo (province), central Poland. It lies on the northwestern edge of the ?ód? Highlands, on the watershed of the Vistula and Oder rivers, 81 miles (130 km) southwest of Warsaw. ?ód? is mentioned in 14th-century records as a village. It acquired municipal rights

  • ?ódzkie (province, Poland)

    ?ódzkie, województwo (province), central Poland. It is bordered by six provinces: Kujawsko-Pomorskie to the north, Mazowieckie to the east, ?wi?tokrzyskie to the southeast, ?l?skie to the south, Opolskie to the southwest, and Wielkopolskie to the west. It was formed in 1999—when the 49 provinces

  • Loe, Thomas (British minister)

    William Penn: Early life and education: In Ireland William heard Thomas Loe, a Quaker itinerant, preach to his family at the admiral’s invitation, an experience that apparently intensified his religious feelings. In 1660 William entered the University of Oxford, where he rejected Anglicanism and was expelled in 1662 for his religious Nonconformity. Determined to thwart…

  • Loeb Peretz, Isaac (Polish-Jewish writer)

    I.L. Peretz, prolific writer of poems, short stories, drama, humorous sketches, and satire who was instrumental in raising the standard of Yiddish literature to a high level. Peretz began writing in Hebrew but soon turned to Yiddish. For his tales, he drew material from the lives of impoverished

  • Loeb, Jacques (German biologist)

    Jacques Loeb, German-born American biologist noted chiefly for his experimental work on artificial parthenogenesis (reproduction without fertilization). Having received an M.D. degree from the University of Strasbourg (1884), Loeb began work in biology at the University of Würzburg (1886–88) and

  • Loeb, Richard A. (American murderer)

    Leopold and Loeb: …University of Chicago at 18, Loeb from the University of Michigan at 17), the two had committed several petty acts of theft and arson before attempting the “perfect murder”—in the kidnap of Bobby Franks in a rented automobile on May 21, 1924, on Chicago’s south side; Loeb, the more ruthless…

  • Loeb, Sébastien (French race-car driver)

    Sébastien Loeb, French race-car driver who was widely considered to be the greatest rally racer of all time, having won a record nine World Rally Championship (WRC) titles (2004–12). After winning five gold medals at the French national gymnastics championships by the time he was 15, Loeb switched

  • Loebbe plow (mining machinery)

    coal mining: Origins of longwall mining: …the “plow” was developed by Wilhelm Loebbe of Germany. Pulled across the face of the coal and guided by a pipe on the face side of a segmented conveyor, the plow carved a gash off the bottom of the seam. The conveyor snaked against the face behind the advancing plow…

  • Loeber, Freda (German businesswoman)

    Freda Ehmann, German businesswoman known as the “mother of the California ripe olive industry” for her contributions to the olive industry in the late 19th century. Ehmann made her mark late in life. At age 56 she was poor and recently widowed. Her only asset was a 20-acre (8-hectare) orchard of

  • Loeffler, Charles Martin (American composer)

    Charles Martin Loeffler, American composer whose works are distinguished by a poetic lyricism in an Impressionist style. As a youth, Loeffler studied violin and music theory in Berlin and Paris. He went to the United States in 1881 and joined the Boston Symphony Orchestra as a violinist the

  • Loeffler, Charles Martin Tornow (American composer)

    Charles Martin Loeffler, American composer whose works are distinguished by a poetic lyricism in an Impressionist style. As a youth, Loeffler studied violin and music theory in Berlin and Paris. He went to the United States in 1881 and joined the Boston Symphony Orchestra as a violinist the

  • loellingite (mineral)

    Loellingite, an iron arsenide mineral (FeAs2) that usually occurs with iron and copper sulfides in hydrothermal vein deposits. It typically occurs with impurities of cobalt, nickel, and arsenic—as at the Andreas-Berg, in the Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge) of Germany; Andalusia, Spain; and Franklin, New

  • loess (sedimentary deposit)

    Loess, an unstratified, geologically recent deposit of silty or loamy material that is usually buff or yellowish brown in colour and is chiefly deposited by the wind. Loess is a sedimentary deposit composed largely of silt-size grains that are loosely cemented by calcium carbonate. It is usually

  • Loess Plateau (plateau, China)

    Loess Plateau, highland area in north-central China, covering much of Shanxi, northern Henan, Shaanxi, and eastern Gansu provinces and the middle part of the Huang He (Yellow River) basin. Averaging about 4,000 feet (1,200 metres) in elevation and covering some 154,000 square miles (400,000 square

  • Loesser, Frank (American composer and lyricist)

    Frank Loesser, American composer, librettist, and lyricist, who achieved major success writing for Broadway musicals, culminating in the 1962 Pulitzer Prize-winning How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying. Self-taught despite his piano-teacher father’s efforts to discourage his youthful

  • Loesser, Frank Henry (American composer and lyricist)

    Frank Loesser, American composer, librettist, and lyricist, who achieved major success writing for Broadway musicals, culminating in the 1962 Pulitzer Prize-winning How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying. Self-taught despite his piano-teacher father’s efforts to discourage his youthful

  • Loew, Marcus (American executive)

    Marcus Loew, American motion-picture executive and pioneer motion-picture theatre owner whose consolidation and expansion of his business interests helped establish Hollywood as the centre of the film industry. Loew was the son of an Austrian immigrant and left school at the age of nine to help

  • Loewe v. Lawlor (law case)

    Danbury Hatters’ Case, U.S. Supreme Court case in which unions were held to be subject to the antitrust laws. In 1902 the United Hatters of North America, having failed to organize the firm of D.E. Loewe in Danbury, Conn., called for a nationwide boycott of the firm’s products. The firm brought

  • Loewe, Carl (German composer)

    Carl Loewe, German composer and singer who is best-known for his songs, particularly his dramatic ballads. Loewe began to compose while still a choirboy in K?then and completed his musical training in Halle. He frequently toured Europe singing his songs with great success, and in Vienna he was

  • Loewe, Frederick (American composer)

    Frederick Loewe, German-born American composer and collaborator with Alan Jay Lerner on a series of hit musical plays, including the phenomenally successful My Fair Lady (1956; filmed 1964). Loewe, whose father was a Viennese actor and operetta tenor, was a child prodigy, playing the piano at age

  • Loewe, H. (Jewish scholar)

    Claude Joseph Goldsmid Montefiore: …collaborated with the Orthodox scholar, H. Loewe, in editing A Rabbinic Anthology. This work is doubly remarkable because Reform Jews deny the authority of the Talmud, the rabbinical compendium of law, lore, and commentary. In the Anthology, Montefiore attempts to dispel the notion that Christianity developed a completely new and…

  • Loewe, Johann Carl Gottfried (German composer)

    Carl Loewe, German composer and singer who is best-known for his songs, particularly his dramatic ballads. Loewe began to compose while still a choirboy in K?then and completed his musical training in Halle. He frequently toured Europe singing his songs with great success, and in Vienna he was

  • Loewenstein, László (Hungarian-American actor)

    Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born American motion-picture actor who projected a sinister image as a lisping, round-faced, soft-voiced villain in thrillers. A player of bit parts with a German theatrical troupe from 1921, Lorre achieved international fame as the psychotic child murderer in the German

  • Loewi, Otto (German-American pharmacologist)

    Otto Loewi, German-born American physician and pharmacologist who, with Sir Henry Dale, received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1936 for their discoveries relating to the chemical transmission of nerve impulses. After Loewi graduated in medicine (1896) from the German University (now

  • Loewy, Raymond (American industrial designer)

    Raymond Loewy, French-born American industrial designer who, through his accomplishments in product design beginning in the 1930s, helped to establish industrial design as a profession. Loewy studied electrical engineering at the University of Paris, graduating in 1910. His studies in advanced

  • Loewy, Raymond Fernand (American industrial designer)

    Raymond Loewy, French-born American industrial designer who, through his accomplishments in product design beginning in the 1930s, helped to establish industrial design as a profession. Loewy studied electrical engineering at the University of Paris, graduating in 1910. His studies in advanced

  • Loewy, Salomon (Austrian composer)

    Salomon Sulzer, Austrian Jewish cantor, considered the most important composer of synagogue music in the 19th century. Sulzer was trained in cantorial singing from childhood, studying in Austria and Switzerland and travelling in France. In 1820 he was appointed cantor at Hohenems and served there

  • L?ffel, Markus (German disc jockey and musician)

    Mark Spoon, (Markus L?ffel), German disc jockey and musician (born Nov. 27, 1966, Frankfurt, W.Ger.—died Jan. 11, 2006, Berlin, Ger.), helped pioneer the form of electronic dance music known as trance, derived from house and techno music. Spoon began working as a disc jockey at parties and clubs i

  • L?ffler, Friedrich August Johannes (German bacteriologist)

    Friedrich August Johannes L?ffler, German bacteriologist who, with Edwin Klebs, in 1884 discovered the organism that causes diphtheria, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, commonly known as the Klebs–L?ffler bacillus. Simultaneously with émile Roux and Alexandre Yersin, he indicated the existence of a

  • Lofoten (islands, North Sea)

    Lofoten, island group, in the Norwegian Sea, northern Norway. Lying off the mainland entirely within the Arctic Circle, the group comprises the southern end of the Lofoten-Vester?len archipelago and includes five main islands (Austv?g?ya, Gims?ya, Vestv?g?ya, Flakstad?ya, and Moskenes?ya) extending

  • loft (architecture)

    Loft, in architecture, upper space within a building, or a large undivided space in a building used principally for storage in business or industry. In churches the rood loft is a display gallery above the rood screen, and a choir or organ loft is a gallery reserved for church singers and

  • lofted shot (cricket)

    cricket: Technical development: …no fielders there) and the lofted shot (where the batsman tries to hit the ball past the fielders and over their heads). Twenty20 (T20), a style of one-day cricket consisting of 20 overs per side, debuted in 2003 and quickly became an international sensation. The first Twenty20 world championship was…

  • Lofthuus, Christian Jensen (Norwegian peasant leader)

    Christian Jensen Lofthuus, leader of a reform movement who sought redress for the grievances of Norway’s peasantry from the absolutist Danish-Norwegian government. His imprisonment and death made him a martyr for Norwegian agrarian reform. Lofthuus first journeyed to Denmark in June 1786 to present

  • Lofting, Hugh (British-American author)

    Hugh Lofting, English-born American author of a series of children’s classics about Dr. Dolittle, a chubby, gentle, eccentric physician to animals, who learns the language of animals from his parrot, Polynesia, so that he can treat their complaints more efficiently. Much of the wit and charm of the

  • Lofton, Martha Euphemia (American educator and mathematician)

    Euphemia Lofton Haynes, American educator and mathematician who was the first African American woman to receive a doctoral degree in mathematics. Lofton was born into a socially prominent African American family. Her father, William, was a dentist, and her mother, Lavinia, was a kindergarten

  • Lofton, Ramona (American author)

    Sapphire, American author of fiction and poetry that features unsparing though often empowering depictions of the vicissitudes of African American and bisexual life. Lofton, whose father was a U.S. Army sergeant and whose mother was a member of the Women’s Army Corps (WAC), spent portions of her

  • Loftus, William Kenneth (British archaeologist)

    Susa: Loftus, consists of four mounds. One held the citadel and was excavated (1897–1908) by Jacques de Morgan, who uncovered, among other objects, the obelisk of the Akkadian king Manishtusu, the stele of his successor Naram-Sin, and the code of Hammurabi of Babylon. A second mound…

  • L?fven, Stefan (prime minister of Sweden)

    Stefan L?fven, Swedish labour leader and Social Democratic politician who served as prime minister of Sweden (2014– ). L?fven grew up as foster child in a working-class family in ?dalen, V?sternorrland, in northeastern Sweden. He studied social work at Ume? University for a year and a half and

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