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  • Evangelical Lutheran Churches, Association of (church, United States)

    Evangelical Lutheran Church in America: …along with the much smaller Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches. The new church cut across ethnic lines and was designed to give Lutherans a more coherent voice in ecumenical discussions with other Christian churches in the United States.

  • Evangelical Lutheran Joint Synod of Wisconsin and Other States (church, United States)

    Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, conservative Lutheran church in the United States, formed in 1892 as a federation of three conservative synods of German background and then known as the General Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan and Other States. The Wisconsin Synod

  • Evangelical Missionary Alliance (association of churches)

    Evangelical Alliance: …the Alliance helped organize the Evangelical Missionary Alliance, “to provide a medium of fellowship and effective cooperation in the interest of evangelical missionary work and service overseas.”

  • Evangelical Reformed Church of Northwest Germany (Protestant church)

    Reformed and Presbyterian churches: Reformed churches in Germany: …still to be found in northwestern Germany. The Reformed Church of Anhalt joined in the Union Evangelical Church in 1981.

  • Evangelical revival (religious movement)

    Anglican Evangelical: …that became known as the Evangelical movement began within the Church of England in the 18th century, although it had many points in common with earlier Low Church attitudes and with 16th- and 17th-century Puritanism. The followers of John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, eventually left the Church of England,…

  • Evangelical Synod of North America (church, United States)

    Evangelical and Reformed Church: …the United States and the Evangelical Synod of North America. The church brought together churches of Reformed and Lutheran background. It accepted the Heidelberg Catechism (Reformed), Luther’s Catechism, and the Augsburg Confession (Lutheran) as its doctrinal standards, but, when these differed, the Bible was the final rule of faith. In…

  • Evangelical Union (church, Scotland)

    James Morison: …theologian and founder of the Evangelical Union (Morisonians).

  • Evangelical Union (German military alliance)

    Protestant Union, military alliance (1608–21) among the Protestant states of Germany for mutual protection against the growing power of the Roman Catholic states of Counter-Reformation Europe. In February 1608, at the Diet (Reichstag) of the Holy Roman Empire, the Catholic princes introduced a

  • Evangelical Union of the West (church, United States)

    Evangelical and Reformed Church: …the United States and the Evangelical Synod of North America. The church brought together churches of Reformed and Lutheran background. It accepted the Heidelberg Catechism (Reformed), Luther’s Catechism, and the Augsburg Confession (Lutheran) as its doctrinal standards, but, when these differed, the Bible was the final rule of faith. In…

  • Evangelical United Brethren Church (American church)

    Evangelical United Brethren Church (EUB), Protestant church formed in 1946 by the merger of the Evangelical Church and the Church of the United Brethren in Christ. Both of these churches were essentially Methodist in doctrine and church government, and both originated among German-speaking people

  • Evangelicalism (religion)

    Christian fundamentalism: The late 19th to the mid-20th century: …and formed the so-called “neo-Evangelical” movement. Christianity Today was founded as their major periodical. Their new intellectual centre, Fuller Theological Seminary, was opened in Pasadena, California; many of the schools formerly identified with fundamentalism, such as the Moody Bible Institute, also moved into the Evangelical camp. A new ecumenical…

  • Evangelienbuch (work by Otfrid)

    Otfrid: Otfrid’s fame rests on his Evangelienbuch (c. 870; “Book of the Gospels”), a poem of 7,416 lines, which is extant in three good contemporary manuscripts (at Vienna, Heidelberg, and Munich). It is an exceptionally valuable document, not only linguistically as the most extensive work in the South Rhine Franconian dialect…

  • Evangeline (poem by Longfellow)

    prosody: Quantitative metres: …the Classical hexameter for his Evangeline (1847):

  • Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland, Die (church, Germany)

    The Evangelical Church in Germany, federation of Lutheran, Reformed, and United (a combination of Lutheran and Reformed) territorial churches in Germany. Organized in 1948 after the difficult years of the Nazi era (1933–45), it helped the German Protestant churches restore themselves, and it

  • Evangelische Kirchen-Zeitung (German theological journal)

    Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg: In 1827 he founded the Evangelische Kirchen-Zeitung (“Protestant Church Newspaper”), which he edited for more than 40 years. This journal campaigned against the “unbelief” and indifference of the state churches, extolled the Lutheran doctrine as defined during the Reformation, and served as a rallying point for conservatism, both theological and…

  • Evangelische Union (German military alliance)

    Protestant Union, military alliance (1608–21) among the Protestant states of Germany for mutual protection against the growing power of the Roman Catholic states of Counter-Reformation Europe. In February 1608, at the Diet (Reichstag) of the Holy Roman Empire, the Catholic princes introduced a

  • Evangelisk-Luthereske Folkekirke I Danmark (church, Denmark)

    Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark, the established, state-supported church in Denmark. Lutheranism was established in Denmark during the Protestant Reformation. Christianity was introduced to Denmark in the 9th century by St. Ansgar, bishop of Hamburg. In the 10th century, King Harald

  • evangelism (Christianity)

    Mission, in Christianity, an organized effort for the propagation of the Christian faith. During the early years, Christianity expanded through the communities of the Jewish dispersion. Soon the separate character of Christianity was recognized, and it was freed from the requirements of Hebrew law.

  • evangelist (religion)

    Native American: Spain: The Roman Catholic missionaries that accompanied Coronado and de Soto worked assiduously to Christianize the native population. Many of the priests were hearty supporters of the Inquisition, and their pastoral forays were often violent; beatings, dismemberment, and execution were all common punishments for the supposed heresies committed by…

  • Evangelista (island and municipality, Cuba)

    Isla de la Juventud, (Spanish: “Isle of Youth”) island and municipio especial (special municipality) of Cuba, in the Caribbean Sea. It is bounded to the northwest by the Canal de los Indios and on the north and northeast by the Gulf of Batabanó, which separate it from the mainland of western Cuba.

  • Evangelista’s Fan & Other Stories (short stories by Tremain)

    Rose Tremain: …also wrote the short-story collections Evangelista’s Fan, & Other Stories (1994) and The Darkness of Wallis Simpson, and Other Stories (2005) as well as the children’s book Journey to the Volcano (1996). The autobiography Rosie: Scenes from a Vanished Life, which chronicles her childhood, was published in 2018. Tremain was…

  • Evangelista, Linda (Canadian fashion model)

    Linda Evangelista, Canadian fashion model perhaps best known as a face of the cosmetics company Revlon and the Versace fashion house. Evangelista was born to working-class Italian immigrants. Her father was employed as a factory worker for the American automobile manufacturer General Motors

  • Evangelium de nativitate Mariae (apocryphal literature)

    Saints Anne and Joachim: Traditional account and legends: …of James”) and the 3rd-century Evangelium de nativitate Mariae (“Gospel of the Nativity of Mary”). According to these noncanonical sources, Anne (Hebrew: ?annah) was born in Bethlehem in Judaea. She married Joachim, and, although they shared a wealthy and devout life at Nazareth, they eventually lamented their childlessness. Joachim, reproached…

  • évangile et l’église, L’? (work by Loisy)

    Alfred Firmin Loisy: Loisy’s L’évangile et l’église (1902; The Gospel and the Church) became the cornerstone of Modernism. Ostensibly a reply to the rationalist approach to religion of the German Protestant historian Adolph von Harnack, whose theories were antithetical to those of Loisy, the book was actually a reinterpretation of the Catholic faith.…

  • Evaniidae (insect)

    Ensign wasp, (family Evaniidae), any of a group of wasps (order Hymenoptera) that are so named because the small, oval abdomen is held high like an ensign, or flag. A few hundred species of this widely distributed family have been described. The body, which is black and somewhat spiderlike in

  • Evanovich, Janet (American novelist)

    Janet Evanovich, American novelist known for her mystery series featuring hapless smart-mouthed New Jersey bounty hunter Stephanie Plum. Schneider was raised in a working-class family in South River, New Jersey. She studied painting at Rutgers University’s Douglass College, graduating with a

  • Evans, Albert (American ballet dancer)

    Albert Pierce Evans, American ballet dancer (born Dec. 29, 1968, Atlanta, Ga.—died June 22, 2015, New York, N.Y.), performed with extraordinary power and lyricism in a wide variety of roles and styles and was New York City Ballet’s (NYCB’s) second-ever African American principal dancer (after

  • Evans, Albert Pierce (American ballet dancer)

    Albert Pierce Evans, American ballet dancer (born Dec. 29, 1968, Atlanta, Ga.—died June 22, 2015, New York, N.Y.), performed with extraordinary power and lyricism in a wide variety of roles and styles and was New York City Ballet’s (NYCB’s) second-ever African American principal dancer (after

  • Evans, Alice (American scientist)

    Alice Evans, American scientist whose landmark work on pathogenic bacteria in dairy products was central in gaining acceptance of the pasteurization process to prevent disease. After completing high school, Evans taught for four years before enrolling in a two-year course for rural teachers at

  • Evans, Arthur Mostyn (British labour leader)

    Moss Evans, (Arthur Mostyn Evans), British trade unionist (born July 13, 1925, Cefn Coed, Glamorgan, Wales—died Jan. 12, 2002, Heacham, Norfolk, Eng.), was elected general secretary of the Transport and General Workers Union in 1978, just before the “winter of discontent,” a period of strikes and o

  • Evans, Augusta Jane (American author)

    Augusta Jane Evans Wilson, American author whose sentimental, moralistic novels met with great popular success. Augusta Jane Evans received little formal schooling but early became an avid reader. At age 15 she began writing a story that was published anonymously in 1855 as Inez: A Tale of the

  • Evans, Bill (American musician)

    Bill Evans, American jazz pianist known for lush harmonies and lyrical improvisation, one of the most influential pianists of his time. Evans’s first piano teacher was his mother; he also studied violin and flute. He graduated with a music teaching degree from Southeastern Louisiana College in 1950

  • Evans, Bob (American farmer and restaurateur)

    Bob Evans, (Robert Evans), American farmer and restaurateur (born May 30, 1918, Sugar Ridge, Ohio—died June 21, 2007, Cleveland, Ohio), parlayed a 12-stool restaurant into a popular nationwide chain that bore his name and by 2007 had revenues of $1.6 billion annually. In his quest to produce

  • Evans, Caradoc (British author)

    Caradoc Evans, Anglo-Welsh author whose bitter criticism of the Welsh religious and educational systems and the miserliness and narrowness of the Welsh people provoked a strong reaction within Wales. Largely self-educated, Evans learned literary English from the King James Bible. He left Wales to

  • Evans, Charles (American businessman)

    Charles Evans, American businessman (born 1926?, New York, N.Y.—died June 2, 2007 , New York City ), formed (1949) the sportswear company Evan-Picone, together with Joseph Picone, a tailor who agreed to the partnership and executed Evans’s design for a fly-front skirt for women. The firm was one of

  • Evans, Charles (British mountaineer)

    Kanchenjunga: …1955 British expedition led by Charles Evans, under the auspices of the Royal Geographical Society and the Alpine Club (London), which stopped within a few yards of the actual summit in deference to the religious beliefs and wishes of the Sikkimese. Other Kanchenjunga climbing milestones include the first woman to…

  • Evans, Charles (American golfer)

    Chick Evans, American amateur golfer known for his longevity in competition and for his Evans Scholars Foundation, which offers college scholarships to caddies. Evans himself began his golf career as a caddie and began to attract attention as a player about 1906. He qualified for every U.S. amateur

  • Evans, Chick (American golfer)

    Chick Evans, American amateur golfer known for his longevity in competition and for his Evans Scholars Foundation, which offers college scholarships to caddies. Evans himself began his golf career as a caddie and began to attract attention as a player about 1906. He qualified for every U.S. amateur

  • Evans, Chris (American actor)

    Captain America: The modern era: Chris Evans played the star-spangled hero in a film that expanded on Marvel’s cinematic universe in a manner that delighted both comics fans and critics. Evans returned as Captain America in The Avengers (2012), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Captain America: Civil War (2016),…

  • Evans, Dale (American actor, singer and writer)

    Dale Evans, (Frances Octavia Smith), American actress, singer, songwriter, and writer (born Oct. 31, 1912, Uvalde, Texas—died Feb. 7, 2001, Apple Valley, Calif.), reigned as “queen of the West” alongside her “king of the cowboys” husband, Roy Rogers, in films in the 1940s and early ’50s and on t

  • Evans, Dame Edith (British actress)

    Dame Edith Evans, one of the finest actresses of the English-speaking stage during the 20th century. Evans made her professional debut in 1912 as Cressida in Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida, directed by William Poel. Preferring interesting and difficult portrayals to starring roles, she turned

  • Evans, Dame Edith Mary (British actress)

    Dame Edith Evans, one of the finest actresses of the English-speaking stage during the 20th century. Evans made her professional debut in 1912 as Cressida in Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida, directed by William Poel. Preferring interesting and difficult portrayals to starring roles, she turned

  • Evans, David (Irish musician)

    Bono: …friends David Evans (later “the Edge”), Larry Mullen, Jr., and Adam Clayton formed a band that would become U2. They shared a commitment not only to ambitious rock music but also to a deeply spiritual Christianity. Indeed, one of the few genuine threats to U2’s extraordinary longevity (a collaboration—with…

  • Evans, David (British author)

    Caradoc Evans, Anglo-Welsh author whose bitter criticism of the Welsh religious and educational systems and the miserliness and narrowness of the Welsh people provoked a strong reaction within Wales. Largely self-educated, Evans learned literary English from the King James Bible. He left Wales to

  • Evans, Edgar (British explorer)

    Antarctica: Discovery of the Antarctic poles: Oates, and Edgar Evans—traveled on foot using the Beardmore Glacier route and perished on the Ross Ice Shelf.

  • Evans, Evan (Welsh poet)

    Evan Evans, Welsh poet and antiquary, one of the principal figures in the mid-18th-century revival of Welsh classical poetry. After leaving the University of Oxford without taking a degree, he served as curate in various parishes. His first publication, Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Antient

  • Evans, Frederick H. (British photographer)

    Frederick H. Evans, English photographer whose studies of cathedrals in England and France are considered among the world’s finest architectural photographs. Little is known of Evans’s early life. He first attracted attention as a London bookseller who accompanied his transactions with informative

  • Evans, Frederick Henry (British photographer)

    Frederick H. Evans, English photographer whose studies of cathedrals in England and France are considered among the world’s finest architectural photographs. Little is known of Evans’s early life. He first attracted attention as a London bookseller who accompanied his transactions with informative

  • Evans, George Henry (American social leader and editor)

    George Henry Evans, American pro-labour social reformer and newspaper editor who sought to enhance the position of workers by agitating for free homesteads. Evans immigrated with his father to the United States in 1820 and was apprenticed to a printer in Ithaca, N.Y. By the end of the decade, he

  • Evans, George William (English surveyor and explorer)

    George William Evans, English surveyor and explorer notable for his discoveries in the interior of New South Wales, Australia. As an apprentice to an engineer and architect, Evans learned surveying. In 1796 he emigrated to the Cape of Good Hope, and, after British forces withdrew from there in

  • Evans, Gil (Canadian composer)

    Gil Evans, Canadian-born composer and arranger who was one of the greatest orchestrators in jazz history. Evans had a long and productive career but remains best known for his celebrated collaborations with trumpeter Miles Davis. A self-taught musician, Evans started his first band in 1933, first

  • Evans, Godders (British cricketer)

    Godfrey Evans, English cricketer who brought a unique flamboyance, agility, and infectious enthusiasm to his role as the top wicket keeper in the immediate post-World War II era, for Kent (1939–69) and for England in 91 Test matches (1946–59). “Godders” made 1,066 first-class dismissals (816

  • Evans, James (American missionary)

    biblical literature: Non-European versions: In North America James Evans invented a syllabary for the use of Cree people, in whose language the Bible was available in 1862, the work of Wesleyan missionary W. Mason. The New Testament appeared in Ojibwa in 1833, and the whole Bible was translated for the Dakota peoples…

  • Evans, Janet (American swimmer)

    Janet Evans, American swimmer, considered by many to be the greatest distance freestyler of all time, who won four Olympic gold medals. She was the first swimmer in history to win back-to-back Olympic and world championship titles in the same event: the 800-metre freestyle (Olympics: 1988, 1992;

  • Evans, John (United States government official, educator, and physician)

    John Evans, governor of Colorado Territory, 1862–65, founder of Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.), physician, and railroad promoter. A graduate of Lynn Medical College, Cincinnati, Ohio (1838), Evans practiced medicine in Indiana, where he helped establish a state hospital for the insane and

  • Evans, Lee (American athlete)

    Lee Evans, American runner who won two gold medals at the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City. His victory in the 400-metre event there set a world record that lasted for two decades. In 1966 Evans attracted national attention when he won the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) 440-yard championship; the

  • Evans, Lee Edward (American athlete)

    Lee Evans, American runner who won two gold medals at the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City. His victory in the 400-metre event there set a world record that lasted for two decades. In 1966 Evans attracted national attention when he won the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) 440-yard championship; the

  • Evans, Len (Australian writer)

    Len Evans, (Leonard Paul Evans), British-born Australian wine writer (born Aug. 1, 1930, Felixstowe, Suffolk, Eng.—died Aug. 17, 2006, Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia), as an enthusiastic and tireless advocate of Australian wine, was in part responsible for the explosive growth of the country’s wine i

  • Evans, Leonard Paul (Australian writer)

    Len Evans, (Leonard Paul Evans), British-born Australian wine writer (born Aug. 1, 1930, Felixstowe, Suffolk, Eng.—died Aug. 17, 2006, Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia), as an enthusiastic and tireless advocate of Australian wine, was in part responsible for the explosive growth of the country’s wine i

  • Evans, Mari (American author)

    Mari Evans, African American author of poetry, children’s literature, and plays. Evans attended the University of Toledo and later taught at several other schools, including Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, and Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. She began five years of writing,

  • Evans, Marian (British author)

    George Eliot, English Victorian novelist who developed the method of psychological analysis characteristic of modern fiction. Her major works include Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch (1871–72), and Daniel Deronda (1876). Evans was born on an estate of

  • Evans, Mary Ann (British author)

    George Eliot, English Victorian novelist who developed the method of psychological analysis characteristic of modern fiction. Her major works include Adam Bede (1859), The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch (1871–72), and Daniel Deronda (1876). Evans was born on an estate of

  • Evans, Matilda Coxe (American ethnologist)

    Matilda Coxe Stevenson, American ethnologist who became one of the major contributors to her field, particularly in the study of Zuni religion. Matilda Evans grew up in Washington, D.C. She was educated at Miss Anable’s Academy in Philadelphia. In April 1872 she married James Stevenson, a geologist

  • Evans, Maurice (British-American actor)

    Maurice Evans, British-born stage actor who became one of the best-known Shakespearean actors in the United States in the 1930s and ’40s. Evans acted as an amateur from childhood and obtained his first professional role in 1926. He first achieved recognition as Lieutenant Raleigh in R.C. Sherriff’s

  • Evans, Merle (American conductor)

    circus: Circus music: …musicians as star circus performers, Merle Evans, the “Music Maestro of the Big Top,” is fondly remembered for his skilled conducting of the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus band for more than 50 years until his retirement in 1970.

  • Evans, Moss (British labour leader)

    Moss Evans, (Arthur Mostyn Evans), British trade unionist (born July 13, 1925, Cefn Coed, Glamorgan, Wales—died Jan. 12, 2002, Heacham, Norfolk, Eng.), was elected general secretary of the Transport and General Workers Union in 1978, just before the “winter of discontent,” a period of strikes and o

  • Evans, Mount (mountain, Colorado, United States)

    Front Range: Other high peaks include Mount Evans (14,265 feet [4,348 metres]), about 35 miles (55 km) west-southwest of Denver, and Pikes Peak (14,115 feet [4,302 metres]), just west of Colorado Springs; each has a paved road to its summit. Notable passes through the range include Berthoud (11,307 feet [3,446 metres]),…

  • Evans, Nathan (Confederate general)

    First Battle of Bull Run: There stands Jackson like a stone wall!: Nathan Evans, who had been left to guard the Stone Bridge, quickly assessed that the attack on the bridge was merely a demonstration, and he was able to move 11 of his 15 companies to Matthews Hill above Sudley Springs. There he was supported by…

  • Evans, Nigel (British politician)
  • Evans, Oliver (American inventor)

    Oliver Evans, American inventor who pioneered the high-pressure steam engine (U.S. patent, 1790) and created the first continuous production line (1784). Evans was apprenticed to a wheelwright at the age of 16. Observing the trick of a blacksmith’s boy who used the propellant force of steam in a

  • Evans, Ray (American author and musician)

    Ray Evans, (Raymond B. Evans), American lyricist (born Feb. 4, 1915 , Salamanca, N.Y.—died Feb. 15, 2007, Los Angeles, Calif.), in collaboration with composer Jay Livingston, created songs for some 80 motion pictures, including three songs that won Academy Awards—“Buttons and Bows” from the Bob

  • Evans, Richard Gwynfor (Welsh politician)

    Gwynfor Evans, Welsh politician (born Sept. 1, 1912, Barry, Glamorgan, Wales—died April 21, 2005, Pencarreg, Carmarthenshire, Wales), devoted his life to the peaceful cause of Welsh nationalism as vice president (1943–45), president (1945–81), and honorary president (from 1982) of Plaid Cymru, t

  • Evans, Ronald (American astronaut)

    Apollo 17: The third crew member was Ronald Evans, the command module pilot. Like Cernan, he had been a naval aviator before becoming an astronaut.

  • Evans, Rowland (American journalist)

    Rowland Evans, American journalist (born April 28, 1921, Whitemarsh, Pa.—died March 23, 2001, Washington, D.C.), advocated conservative causes as a prominent newspaper columnist and television host. With journalist Robert Novak, Evans published a syndicated column, called “Inside Report,” from 1

  • Evans, Roy (Welsh table tennis player and official)

    Roy Evans, Welsh table tennis player and official who, as president of the International Table Tennis Federation, in 1971 initiated what, to his chagrin, became known as "ping-pong diplomacy," which led to the thawing of relations between China and the U.S.; he also helped get table tennis accepted

  • Evans, Sir Arthur (British archaeologist)

    Sir Arthur Evans, British archaeologist who excavated the ruins of the ancient city of Knossos in Crete and uncovered evidence of a sophisticated Bronze Age civilization, which he named Minoan. His work was one of archaeology’s major achievements and greatly advanced the study of European and

  • Evans, Sir Arthur John (British archaeologist)

    Sir Arthur Evans, British archaeologist who excavated the ruins of the ancient city of Knossos in Crete and uncovered evidence of a sophisticated Bronze Age civilization, which he named Minoan. His work was one of archaeology’s major achievements and greatly advanced the study of European and

  • Evans, Sir Geraint (Welsh singer)

    Sir Geraint Evans, Welsh opera singer, one of Britain’s leading operatic baritones, who was known for his interpretations of such roles as the title characters in Falstaff and The Marriage of Figaro, as well as Leporello in Don Giovanni and Beckmesser in Die Meistersinger. Evans, the son of a coal

  • Evans, Sir John (British antiquarian and archaeologist)

    Sir John Evans, British antiquarian, numismatist, and a founder of prehistoric archaeology. A partner in a paper manufacturing firm (1850–85), about 1860 Evans began devoting much time to searching for traces of early man in Britain and gathered an outstanding collection of prehistoric stone and

  • Evans, Sir Martin J. (British scientist)

    Sir Martin J. Evans, British scientist who, with Mario R. Capecchi and Oliver Smithies, won the 2007 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for developing gene targeting, a technology used to create animal models of human diseases in mice. Evans studied at the University of Cambridge, earning a

  • Evans, Thomas Godfrey (British cricketer)

    Godfrey Evans, English cricketer who brought a unique flamboyance, agility, and infectious enthusiasm to his role as the top wicket keeper in the immediate post-World War II era, for Kent (1939–69) and for England in 91 Test matches (1946–59). “Godders” made 1,066 first-class dismissals (816

  • Evans, Walker (American photographer)

    Walker Evans, American photographer whose influence on the evolution of ambitious photography during the second half of the 20th century was perhaps greater than that of any other figure. He rejected the prevailing highly aestheticized view of artistic photography, of which Alfred Stieglitz was the

  • Evans, Warren F. (American minister)

    New Thought: Origins: Warren F. Evans (1817–89), a Methodist and then a Swedenborgian minister (leader of a theosophical movement based on the teachings of the 18th-century Swedish scientist and theologian Emanuel Swedenborg), published a number of works exploring and systematizing the ideas of Quimby. These included Mental Cure…

  • Evans, William (American saxophonist)

    Yusef Abdul Lateef, (William Emanuel Huddleston; William Evans), American musician (born Oct. 9, 1920, Chattanooga, Tenn.—died Dec. 23, 2013, Shutesbury, Mass.), was a masterful lyrical bop tenor saxophonist who went on to fuse jazz with other sounds, harmonies, and rhythms from around the world.

  • Evans, William John (American musician)

    Bill Evans, American jazz pianist known for lush harmonies and lyrical improvisation, one of the most influential pianists of his time. Evans’s first piano teacher was his mother; he also studied violin and flute. He graduated with a music teaching degree from Southeastern Louisiana College in 1950

  • Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (British anthropologist)

    E.E. Evans-Pritchard, one of England’s foremost social anthropologists, especially known for his investigations of African cultures, for his exploration of segmentary systems, and for his explanations of witchcraft and magic. After studying modern history at the University of Oxford,

  • Evans-Pritchard, Sir Edward Evan (British anthropologist)

    E.E. Evans-Pritchard, one of England’s foremost social anthropologists, especially known for his investigations of African cultures, for his exploration of segmentary systems, and for his explanations of witchcraft and magic. After studying modern history at the University of Oxford,

  • Evanston (Wyoming, United States)

    Evanston, city, seat (1870) of Uinta county, southwest Wyoming, U.S., on the Bear River. Founded in 1869 by the Union Pacific Railroad, it was named for railroad surveyor James A. Evans. Like the city of Rock Springs, Evanston was one of the Wyoming cities that had a relatively high population of

  • Evanston (Illinois, United States)

    Evanston, city, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It lies on Lake Michigan, 13 miles (21 km) north of downtown Chicago. Illinois and later Potawatomi Indians were early inhabitants of the area. French explorers passed through the area in the 17th century and called it Grosse Pointe. In a

  • Evanston College for Ladies (college, Evanston, Illinois, United States)

    Jane Currie Blaikie Hoge: …financed the founding of the Evanston (Illinois) College for Ladies, which opened in September of that year under Frances Willard. From 1872 to 1885 she headed the Woman’s Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions in the Northwest.

  • Evansville (Indiana, United States)

    Evansville, city, seat (1818) of Vanderburgh county, southwestern Indiana, U.S., port on the Ohio River (there bridged to Henderson, Kentucky), 171 miles (275 km) southwest of Indianapolis. It was founded by Hugh McGary, Jr., in 1812 and was named for Robert M. Evans, a member of the territorial

  • Evansville College (university, Evansville, Indiana, United States)

    University of Evansville, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Evansville, Ind., U.S. It is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. The university consists of the colleges of arts and sciences, education and health sciences, and engineering and computer science and a school

  • Evansville, University of (university, Evansville, Indiana, United States)

    University of Evansville, private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Evansville, Ind., U.S. It is affiliated with the United Methodist Church. The university consists of the colleges of arts and sciences, education and health sciences, and engineering and computer science and a school

  • Evanturel, Eudore (Canadian author)

    Canadian literature: The literary movement of 1860: …original works were nevertheless attempted: Eudore Evanturel’s Premières poésies (1878; “First Poems”) broke with conventional imagery, and Quebec’s first woman novelist, Laure Conan (the pen name of Marie-Louise-Félicité Angers), published a sophisticated psychological novel, Angéline de Montbrun (1881–82; Eng. trans. Angéline de Montbrun).

  • evaporated milk

    dairy product: Condensed and evaporated milk: …cans, it is usually called “evaporated milk.” In this process the concentrated milk is homogenized, fortified with vitamin D (A and D in evaporated skim milk), and sealed in a can sized for the consumer. A stabilizer, such as disodium phosphate or carrageenan, is also added to keep the product…

  • evaporation (phase change)

    Evaporation, the process by which an element or compound transitions from its liquid state to its gaseous state below the temperature at which it boils; in particular, the process by which liquid water enters the atmosphere as water vapour. Evaporation, mostly from the sea and from vegetation,

  • evaporation deposition (physics)

    integrated circuit: Physical methods: In evaporation deposition, a metal source is heated in a vacuum chamber either by passing a current through a tungsten container or by focusing an electron beam on the metal’s surface. As metal atoms evaporate, they form a vapour that condenses on the cooler surface of…

  • evaporative pattern casting (technology)

    metallurgy: Sand-casting: …process is called full-mold or evaporative pattern casting.

  • evaporative reflux (geology)

    sedimentary rock: Dolomites and dolomitization: …entire process is named evaporative reflux. Penecontemporaneous dolomites would result from the positioning of sabkhas and arid supratidal flats in a site that is in immediate contact with carbonate sediment; diagenetic dolomites would logically result when such dolomite-producing settings overlie older limestone deposits. The presence of fissures or highly permeable…

  • evaporator (instrument)

    Evaporator, industrial apparatus for converting liquid into vapour. The single-effect evaporator consists of a container or surface and a heating unit; the multiple-effect evaporator uses the vapour produced in one unit to heat a succeeding unit. Double-, triple-, or quadruple-effect evaporators

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