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  • European stone curlew (bird)

    thickknee: The European stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), called Norfolk plover in England, breeds across southern Europe to India and northern Africa. A tropical African species is known as the water dikkop (B. vermiculatus). The double-striped thickknee (B. bistriatus) inhabits the American tropics. Others are the great stone…

  • European stork (bird)

    ciconiiform: Distribution, habitat, and abundance: …few species, such as the white stork (Ciconia ciconia), live largely on dry ground. The flamingos require brackish or alkaline water, and two species inhabit Andean lakes at elevations of up to about 4,000 metres (13,000 feet).

  • European swamp fever (pathology)

    Leptospirosis, acute systemic illness of animals, occasionally communicable to humans, that is characterized by extensive inflammation of the blood vessels. It is caused by a spirochete, or spiral-shaped bacterium, of the genus Leptospira. Leptospires infect most mammals, particularly rodents and

  • European system (agriculture)

    farm building: Livestock barns and shelters: The second, the European system, is characterized by very small groups (10 to 20 animals each) and a very small surface, generally covered. Any of the four loose-housing systems can be used.

  • European Theater of Operations, United States Army (World War II)
  • European toad (amphibian)

    toad: …toad (Bufo americanus) and the European toad (B. bufo) are representative, are stout-bodied with short legs that limit them to the characteristic walking or hopping gait. Their size ranges from about 2 to 25 cm (1 to 10 inches). The thick, dry, often warty skin on the back is generally…

  • European tree moss (plant)

    tree moss: …most common species are the European tree moss (C. dendroides), which is also found in North America, and the American tree moss (C. americanum). Both are about 5 to 10 centimetres (2 to 4 inches) high, with the branches clustered at the top of the shoot. The reddish-brown capsules (spore…

  • European Union (European organization)

    European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. Originally confined to western Europe, the EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century. The EU’s members are

  • European Union Emission Trading Scheme (international agreement)

    carbon offset: Carbon-offsetting process: (UNFCCC) Kyoto Protocol or the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS; a regional carbon market where European countries can trade carbon allowances to meet regional emission-reduction goals). A benefit of carbon offsetting within such compliance schemes is that it enables emission reductions to occur where costs are lower, leading…

  • European Union’s Proposed Constitution, The

    The ratification process for the Constitution of Europe stalled in 2005. The constitution was established through a European Union treaty signed in Rome in 2004 and was intended to make a community originally designed for six founding members in the 1950s more workable with a membership of 25

  • European Union, Council of the (European organization)

    Lisbon Treaty: Within the Council of the European Union—the EU’s main decision-making body—the system of qualified majority voting (QMV), previously used only in certain circumstances, was extended to more policy areas, thereby easing the decision-making process. In addition, for most decisions, 55 percent of member states, provided they represented…

  • European Union, Treaty on (Europe [1991])

    Maastricht Treaty, international agreement approved by the heads of government of the states of the European Community (EC) in Maastricht, Netherlands, in December 1991. Ratified by all EC member states (voters in Denmark rejected the original treaty but later approved a slightly modified version),

  • European University Institute (European organization)

    Florence: Cultural life: …the European Union) founded the European University Institute in 1972. The institute is located just northeast of Florence, in the hillside towns of San Domenico and Fiesole. It is housed in historic buildings made available by the Italian government, including the Villa Schifanoia, the Convento di San Domenico, and the…

  • European viper (snake)

    adder: The European common adder, or European viper (V. berus), a serpent often mentioned in works of literature, is a stout-bodied snake that is widely distributed across Europe and Asia. It even ranges north of the Arctic Circle in Norway. It grows to a maximum length of approximately 85 cm (33…

  • European Voluntary Worker (British history)

    European Voluntary Worker (EVW), a displaced person admitted into Great Britain between 1947 and 1950 in an effort to aid those made homeless during World War II and to alleviate the severe labour shortage in specified and essential industries in Britain. The EVW program was begun under the “Balt

  • European water plantain (plant)

    water plantain: …variety of the European species A. plantago-aquatica, is common throughout North America. The plant grows to about 1 metre (39 inches) in height and has ovate, slightly pointed leaves. The flowers grow in whorls along a many-branched stalk. Some species, including A. subcordatum and A. orientale (sometimes listed as a…

  • European water vole (rodent)

    vole: The European water vole (Arvicola terrestris) is the largest of the native Eurasian voles, weighing up to 250 grams (9 ounces) and having a body up to 22 cm (9 inches) long and a tail up to 13 cm (5 inches). Depending upon the species, voles’…

  • European wayfaring tree

    viburnum: The wayfaring tree of Europe, V. lantana, grows to 5 metres (16 feet). The European cranberry, highbush cranberry, or water elder (V. opulus), a small tree reaching 4 metres (13 feet), is native to northern Europe and North Africa. It has three- to five-lobed, maplelike leaves…

  • European weatherfish (fish)

    loach: The European weatherfish (Misgurnus fossilis) is a yellowish fish about 25 centimetres long, banded and speckled with brown; like the similar Japanese weatherfish (M. anguillicaudatus), it is named for its heightened activity during periods of rapid change in barometric pressure, such as occur before a storm.

  • European white birch (tree)

    Fagales: Betulaceae: pendula (silver birches) and B. nana (dwarf birches) are circumboreal (i.e., extending to the northern limit of the tree line); the two species very nearly coincide in their ranges, with the dwarf birches extending farther into the Arctic. They now occupy most areas that were glaciated…

  • European white hellebore (plant)

    hellebore: The genus includes European white hellebore (V. album), once used as an arrow poison, and American white hellebore (V. viride), also called itchweed. The plants have simple, parallel-veined leaves and terminal clusters of small flowers.

  • European white pelican (bird)

    pelican: … of the Old World, the European white pelican. Between 1970 and late 2009, the smaller, 107–137-cm brown pelican was listed as endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Though the brown pelican once bred in enormous colonies along New World coasts, its population declined drastically in North America during…

  • European white water lily (plant)

    water lily: The European white water lily is N. alba. Both species have reddish leaves when young and large fragrant flowers. The leaf blades of N. alba have a deep, narrow notch. Other species of Nymphaea have pink, yellow, red, or blue flowers; many kinds are of hybrid…

  • European white-fronted goose (bird variety)

    white-fronted goose: The European white-fronted goose (Anser a. albifrons) winters in western Europe, the British Isles, and Central Asia. The largest form, the tule goose (A. a. gambelli), winters only in the Sacramento Valley, California.

  • European wigeon (bird)

    wigeon: The European wigeon (Anas, or Mareca, penelope) ranges across the Palaearctic and is occasionally found in the Nearctic regions. The American wigeon, or baldpate (A. americana), breeds in northwestern North America and winters along the U.S., Mexican, Central American, and Caribbean coasts, as well as on…

  • European wild boar (mammal)

    Boar, any of the wild members of the pig species Sus scrofa, family Suidae. The term boar is also used to designate the male of the domestic pig, guinea pig, and various other mammals. The term wild boar, or wild pig, is sometimes used to refer to any wild member of the Sus genus. The wild

  • European wild cherry (plant)

    Rosales: Wood: avium (European wild, or sweet, cherry) is used to make high-quality furniture, and the wood of Pyrus communis (pear) is also highly valued. The wood of black cherry, native to North America, has a reddish brown colour and a warm luster when finished. It resists shrinkage…

  • European wild ginger (herb)

    wild ginger: European wild ginger, or asarabacca (A. europaeum), a creeping plant with glossy leaves and bell-shaped brown flowers, is native to Europe and Asia. It was formerly used in various medicines, particularly purgatives, and in snuff.

  • European wild rabbit (mammal)

    lagomorph: Natural history: …commonly recognized forms are the European rabbit (O. cuniculus) and the cottontail rabbits of the Western Hemisphere (genus Sylvilagus).

  • European wildcat (mammal)

    wildcat: The nominate subspecies, the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris), inhabits forested regions from Scotland through continental Europe to western Asia. It is similar to the domestic cat but has longer legs, a larger, flatter head, and a full, relatively short tail ending in a rounded (not pointed) tip. The…

  • European wine grape (fruit and plant)

    grape: Domestication and history: Vitis vinifera, the species most commonly used in wine making, was successfully cultivated in the Old World for thousands of years. Fossilized grape leaves, stem pieces, and seeds unearthed from Neogene and Paleogene deposits (about 2.58–66 million years old) in the Northern Hemisphere indicate the…

  • European X-ray Observatory Satellite (satellite)

    X-ray telescope: The European X-ray Observatory Satellite (EXOSAT), developed by the European Space Agency, was capable of greater spectral resolution than the Einstein Observatory and was more sensitive to X-ray emissions at shorter wavelengths. EXOSAT remained in orbit from 1983 to 1986.

  • European yew (plant)

    English yew, (Taxus baccata), (all three are lumber trade names), an ornamental evergreen tree or shrub of the yew family (Taxaceae), widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia as far east as the Himalayas. Some botanists consider the Himalayan form to be a separate species, called Himalayan yew

  • Europeans, The (film by Ivory [1979])

    Lee Remick: …and an impecunious baroness in The Europeans (1979). During the 1970s and ’80s Remick played various roles in many television movies and miniseries, including the title role in Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill (1975), the “other woman” Kay Summersby in Ike: The War Years (1979), and the adulterer in The Letter…

  • europium (chemical element)

    Europium (Eu), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Europium is the least dense, the softest, and the most volatile member of the lanthanide series. The pure metal is silvery, but after even a short exposure to air it becomes dull, because it readily

  • Europol (international organization)

    police: International police organizations: The European Police Office (Europol), established in 1992 as the European Drugs Unit, supports the law enforcement agencies of all countries in the EU by gathering and analyzing intelligence about members or possible members of international criminal organizations. Headquartered in The Hague, Europol is far removed from police field…

  • Europolemur (primate genus)

    primate: Eocene: …and lorises evolved; one genus, Europolemur, is even known to have a had a toilet claw, the large claw that in modern species replaces a nail on the second toe of the foot. Representatives of the Omomyidae have been found in North America, Europe, Egypt, and Asia.

  • Europoort (port, Netherlands)

    Europoort, port on the southwestern coast of the Netherlands. It lies opposite the Hoek van Holland, at the entrance of the New Waterway Canal, a distributary of the Rhine. About 17 miles (27 km) upstream on the canal lies the Port of Rotterdam, for which Europoort functions as an outport. Together

  • Europop (music)

    Europop, form of popular music made in Europe for general European consumption. Although Europop hits contain traces of their national origins and often gain international attention via the dance floor, the genre generally transcends cultural borders in Europe without crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

  • Europus (ancient city, Turkey)

    Carchemish , ancient city-state located in what is now southern Turkey, along the border with Syria. Carchemish lay on the west bank of the Euphrates River near the modern town of Jarābulus northern Syria, and 38 miles (61 km) southeast of Gaziantep, Turkey. It commanded a strategic crossing of the

  • Eurosiberian region (biogeography)

    biogeographic region: Eurosiberian region: The Eurosiberian region extends from Iceland around most of Europe via Siberia to Kamchatka. Conifers of the family Pinaceae—Pinus (pine), Larix (larch), Picea, and Abies (fir)—grow in vast, monospecific stands and give way to temperate deciduous forest to the south, tundra to the…

  • Euroskepticism (politics)

    Euroskepticism, European political doctrine that advocates disengagement from the European Union (EU). Political parties that espouse a Euroskeptic viewpoint tend to be broadly populist and generally support tighter immigration controls in addition to the dismantling or streamlining of the EU

  • Euroskepticism

    In 2014 the European political scene was dominated by a pair of complementary, but not necessarily convergent, doctrines: Euroskepticism and nationalism. The former was fueled by the tribulations of the euro-zone debt crisis and its subsequent fallout as well as rising immigration—from elsewhere

  • Eurostar (European railway)

    railroad: Western Europe: The tunnel railway, known as Eurostar, has directly connected Paris and London on a dedicated line since 2007; travel time between the two cities is 2 hours 15 minutes, making the service directly competitive with airlines. Eurostar also travels between London and Brussels in less than two hours by connecting…

  • Eurosystem (European Union monetary system)

    European Central Bank: …what is known as the Eurosystem. The ECB is responsible for the supervision of lending institutions in the Eurosystem and in participating non-euro-area member states. The ECB is overseen by a governing council consisting of six executive board members, with one serving as the president, and the 19 governors of…

  • Eurotas River (river, Greece)

    Evrótas River, nonnavigable river rising in the Ta?yetos (Modern Greek: Táygetos) Mountains in the southern Peloponnese (Pelopónnisos), Greece. The principal stream of Laconia (Lakonía), it flows south-southeast through the agricultural Laconian plain between the Ta?yetos and Párnon ranges and

  • Eurotiales (order of fungi)

    fungus: Annotated classification: Order Eurotiales Parasitic in animals, saprotrophic in soil; asci evanescent; included in subclass Eurotiomycetidae; examples of genera include Eurotium, Penicillium, Talaromyces, Elaphomyces, Trichocoma, and Byssochlamys. Order Onygenales Forms lichens; asci are formed in a mazaedium (a

  • Eurotiomycetes (class of fungi)

    Eurotiomycetes, class of fungi in the phylum Ascomycota (sac fungi) within the kingdom Fungi. The members of Eurotiomycetes produce saclike structures (asci) containing ascospores in either a closed fruiting body (ascocarp) or spore balls. Example genera are Capronia (order Chaetothyriales), which

  • Eurotunnel (tunnel, Europe)

    Channel Tunnel, rail tunnel between England and France that runs beneath the English Channel. The Channel Tunnel, 31 miles (50 km) long, consists of three tunnels: two for rail traffic and a central tunnel for services and security. The tunnel runs between Folkestone, England, and Sangatte (near

  • Eurovision Song Contest

    Eurovision Song Contest, annual singing contest organized by the European Broadcasting Union. The competition, begun in 1956, gathers performers—selected at the national level by each participating country’s public broadcasting service—from across Europe and representing virtually every genre of

  • Eurya (plant genus)

    Pentaphylacaceae: Eurya (about 75 species) occurs from Asia and Malesia to the western Pacific and Adinandra (75 species) is Indo-Malesian. The genus Freziera (some 57 species) is entirely American. The leaves in this group are often toothed and may remain rolled up as they elongate, so…

  • Euryale (Greek mythology)

    Gorgon: …Gorgons to three—Stheno (the Mighty), Euryale (the Far Springer), and Medusa (the Queen)—and made them the daughters of the sea god Phorcys and of his sister-wife Ceto. The Attic tradition regarded the Gorgon as a monster produced by Gaea, the personification of Earth, to aid her sons against the gods.

  • Euryanthe (opera by Weber)

    Carl Maria von Weber: His next opera, Euryanthe was a more ambitious work and a larger achievement, anticipating Wagner as his piano music does Chopin and Liszt. It nevertheless foundered on its clumsy, though not intolerable, libretto. When Covent Garden in London commissioned a new opera, Weber took on the task of…

  • Euryarchaeota (archaea phylum)

    archaea: …subdivisions, the Crenarchaeota and the Euryarchaeota, and one minor ancient lineage, the Korarchaeota. Other subdivisions have been proposed, including Nanoarchaeota and Thaumarchaeota.

  • Eurycles of Athens (Greek ventriloquist)

    ventriloquism: Eurycles of Athens was the most celebrated of Greek ventriloquists, who were called, after him, eurycleides, as well as engastrimanteis (“belly prophets”). Many peoples are adepts in ventriloquism—e.g., Zulus, Maoris, and Eskimo. The first known ventriloquist as such was Louis Brabant, valet to the French…

  • Eurycotis (insect genus)

    orthopteran: Defense: Examples are several species of Eurycotis in Florida and tropical America; both sexes have a large gland in the hind part of the abdomen between the sixth and seventh segments. An acidic, milky fluid consisting of several chemical constituents is emitted either as an oozing liquid or as a three-foot…

  • Eurydice (Greek mythology)

    Eurydice, in ancient Greek legend, the wife of Orpheus. Her husband’s attempt to retrieve Eurydice from Hades forms the basis of one of the most popular Greek legends. See

  • euryhaline animal

    marine ecosystem: Physical and chemical properties of seawater: …tolerance to salinity changes, whereas euryhaline organisms, which are found in areas where river and sea meet (estuaries), are very tolerant of large changes in salinity. Euryhaline organisms are also very tolerant of changes in temperature. Animals that migrate between fresh water and salt water, such as salmon or eels,…

  • Eurylaimidae (bird)

    Broadbill, any of about 15 species of Old World tropical birds belonging to the family Eurylaimidae, order Passeriformes. Broadbills are monogamous and differ from all other passerines (perching birds) in the arrangement of the leg muscles that bend the toes. Broadbills are chunky birds, 12.5 to 28

  • Eurymedon, Battle of the (Greek history)

    Anatolia: Caria, Lycia, and Cilicia in the Achaemenian period: …over the Persians at the Battle of the Eurymedon (fought in Pamphylia about 469), Aspendus and one or two other cities of the south coast were incorporated for a time into the Delian League. In 449, by the terms of the peace concluding the Greco-Persian Wars, the Persians recovered control…

  • Eurypelma californica (spider)

    tarantula: …member of that genus is A. californicum (Eurypelma californicum; sometimes E. californica), which is found in California, Texas, and Arizona. A 30-year life span has been recorded for one individual of that species.

  • Eurypelma californicum (spider)

    tarantula: …member of that genus is A. californicum (Eurypelma californicum; sometimes E. californica), which is found in California, Texas, and Arizona. A 30-year life span has been recorded for one individual of that species.

  • Eurypharyngidae (fish family)

    gulper: …but the other gulpers (Eurypharyngidae and Saccopharyngidae) are noted for their enormous mouths. In the Eurypharyngidae, the mouth is longer than the body. In the Saccopharyngidae, it is somewhat smaller but still huge. Gulpers are soft-bodied fish with tapered bodies, long tails, and greatly expandable stomachs that can accommodate…

  • Eurypontid house (Spartan royal family)

    Archidamus II: A member of the Eurypontid house (one of the two royal families of Sparta), he succeeded to the throne of his grandfather, Leotychides. When the Messenian helots (serfs) revolted against their Spartan masters following a severe earthquake about 464, Archidamus organized the defense of Sparta. Nevertheless, for the next…

  • eurypterid (fossil arthropod)

    Giant water scorpion, any member of the extinct subclass Eurypterida of the arthropod group Merostomata, a lineage of large, scorpion-like, aquatic invertebrates that flourished during the Silurian Period (444 to 416 million years ago). Well over 200 species have been identified and divided into 18

  • Eurypterida (fossil arthropod)

    Giant water scorpion, any member of the extinct subclass Eurypterida of the arthropod group Merostomata, a lineage of large, scorpion-like, aquatic invertebrates that flourished during the Silurian Period (444 to 416 million years ago). Well over 200 species have been identified and divided into 18

  • Eurypyga helias (bird)

    Sun bittern, (species Eurypyga helias), slender bird of tropical America, the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (order Gruiformes). It has strikingly patterned wings, which the male spreads in courtship and threat displays. The sun bittern is about 43 cm (17 inches) long, with full wings and a

  • Eurystheus (Greek mythology)

    Heracles: …wife, Hera—another child, the sickly Eurystheus, was born first and became king. When Heracles grew up, he had to serve Eurystheus and also suffer the vengeful persecution of Hera; his first exploit was the strangling of two serpents that she had sent to kill him in his cradle.

  • eurythmics (dance)

    Eurythmics, harmonious bodily movement as a form of artistic expression—specifically, the Dalcroze system of musical education in which bodily movements are used to represent musical rhythms. Eurythmics was developed about 1905 by Swiss musician émile Jaques-Dalcroze, a professor of harmony at the

  • Eurythoe (polychaete genus)

    annelid: Annotated classification: …35 cm; examples of genera: Eurythoe (fireworm), Euphrosyne. Order Spintherida Body oval; median antenna on prostomium; pharynx retractable; dorsal surface with membranous ridges; ventral setae strongly curved; found on sponges; small; single genus, Spinther. Order

  • Eurytides marcellus (insect)

    Zebra swallowtail butterfly, (Eurytides marcellus), species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae (order Lepidoptera) that has wing patterns reminiscent of a zebra’s stripes, with a series of longitudinal black bands forming a pattern on a greenish white or white background. There are several

  • Eurytion (Greek mythology)

    Peleus: …purified by his uncle King Eurytion, whose daughter Antigone he married, receiving a third of Eurytion’s kingdom. During the Calydonian boar hunt he accidentally killed Eurytion. He then went to Iolcos to be purified by King Acastus, whose wife Astydameia made advances to him. When he refused her, she told…

  • Euscorpiidae (scorpion family)

    scorpion: Annotated classification: Family Euscorpiidae 56 species absent from Australia and most of Africa. Family Liochelidae (rock scorpions) 56 species absent from North America; formerly called Ischnuridae. Family Iuridae 21 species found in arid regions of the Americas

  • Euscorpius carpathicus (arachnid)

    scorpion: Ecology and habitats: The European Euscorpius carpathicus lives above ground but also occupies caves and intertidal zones. Scorpio maurus can be found from sea level in Israel to above 3,000 metres (9,900 feet) in the Atlas Mountains of Africa, thousands of kilometres to the west.

  • Eusden, Laurence (British poet)

    Laurence Eusden, British poet who, by flattering the Duke of Newcastle, was made poet laureate in 1718. He became rector of Coningsby and held the laureateship until his death. Alexander Pope satirized him frequently and derisively, notably in book 1 of his mock epic The Dunciad

  • Eusebia (Turkey)

    Kayseri, city, central Turkey. It lies at an elevation of 3,422 feet (1,043 metres) on a flat plain below the foothills of the extinct volcano Mount Ereiyes (ancient Mount Argaeus, 12,852 feet [3,917 metres]). The city is situated 165 miles (265 km) east-southeast of Ankara. It was originally known

  • Eusébio (Portuguese athlete)

    Eusébio, the greatest Portuguese football (soccer) player of all time. He was celebrated for his long runs through defenders and his deft scoring touch. Eusébio began his career playing on the Sporting Clube de Louren?o Marques in what was then the Portuguese territory of Mozambique. The Lisbon

  • Eusébio Macário (work by Castelo Branco)

    Camilo Castelo Branco: …their style and subjects in Eusébio Macário (1879) and A corja (1880; “The Rabble”). Nevertheless, while continuing to express vehement opposition to naturalism, he more and more closely assimilated its descriptive objectivity and verisimilitude.

  • Eusebius (bishop of Caesarea, Cappadocia)

    St. Basil the Great: Early life and ecclesiastical career: …Dianius’s successor, the new convert Eusebius. Basil’s abilities and prestige, as well as Eusebius’s dislike of asceticism, led to tension between them, and Basil withdrew to Annesi.

  • Eusebius of Caesarea (Christian bishop and historian)

    Eusebius of Caesarea, bishop, exegete, polemicist, and historian whose account of the first centuries of Christianity, in his Ecclesiastical History, is a landmark in Christian historiography. Eusebius was baptized and ordained at Caesarea, where he was taught by the learned presbyter Pamphilus, to

  • Eusebius of Dorylaeum (bishop)

    Eusebius of Dorylaeum , bishop of Dorylaeum and famous opponent of the Nestorians (who believed that the divine and human persons remained separate in Christ). He was one of the formulators of doctrines at the ecumenical Council of Chalcedon (451). While a layman, Eusebius was the first to

  • Eusebius of Emesa (bishop)

    Eusebius of Emesa, bishop of Emesa, one of the chief doctrinal writers on Semi-Arianism, a modified Arianism that held that Christ was “like” God the Father but not of one substance. A friend of the Roman emperor Constantius II, whom he often accompanied on expeditions against the Persians,

  • Eusebius of Laodicea (bishop)

    Eusebius of Laodicea, deacon of Alexandria who became bishop of Laodicea, after risking his life by serving Christian martyrs during the persecutions of the Roman emperors Decius (250) and Valerian (257). He was a former pupil of the illustrious theologian Origen. When Alexandria was besieged in

  • Eusebius of Myndus (Greek philosopher)

    Eusebius of Myndus, Neoplatonist philosopher, a pupil of Aedesius of Pergamum. He was distinguished from the other members of the Pergamene school by his comparative sobriety and rationality and by his contempt for the religious magic, or theurgy, to which other members of the school were addicted.

  • Eusebius of Nicomedia (bishop)

    Eusebius of Nicomedia, an important 4th-century Eastern church bishop who was one of the key proponents of Arianism (the doctrine that Jesus Christ is not of the same substance as God) and who eventually became the leader of an Arian group called the Eusebians. Eusebius may have met Arius, the

  • Eusebius of Samosata, Saint (bishop and martyr)

    Saint Eusebius of Samosata, ; feast day: Eastern Church, June 22; Western Church, June 21), Christian martyr and famous opponent of Arianism (q.v.). In 361 he became bishop of the ancient Syrian city of Samosata. Eusebius had been entrusted with the official record of the election (360) of Bishop

  • Eusebius of Vercelli, St. (bishop)

    St. Eusebius of Vercelli, noted supporter of St. Athanasius of Alexandria and restorer of the Nicene Creed, the orthodox doctrine adopted by the first Council of Nicaea (325), which declared the members of the Trinity to be equal. Eusebius became the first bishop of Vercelli in 345. Living in

  • Eusebius, Saint (pope)

    Saint Eusebius, ; feast day August 17, formerly September 26), pope from April 18 to Aug. 17, 309/310. His epitaph, written by Pope Damasus I, tells of a violent dispute in Rome about readmitting apostates after the persecution of Christians under the Roman emperor Diocletian. Eusebius was opposed

  • Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Basque organization)

    ETA, Basque separatist organization in Spain that used terrorism in its campaign for an independent Basque state. ETA grew out of the Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco; PNV), which was founded in 1894 and which managed to survive, though illegally, under the fascist regime of

  • Euskal Herria (region, Spain)

    Basque Country, comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) and historic region of northern Spain encompassing the provincias (provinces) of álava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya (Biscay). The Basque Country is bounded by the Bay of Biscay to the north and the autonomous communities of Navarra to the east,

  • Euskaldunak (people)

    Basque, member of a people who live in both Spain and France in areas bordering the Bay of Biscay and encompassing the western foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains. In the late 20th century probably about 850,000 true Basques lived in Spain and 130,000 in France; as many as 170,000 Basques may live

  • Euskara language

    Basque language, language isolate, the only remnant of the languages spoken in southwestern Europe before the region was Romanized in the 2nd through 1st century bce. The Basque language is predominantly used in an area comprising approximately 3,900 square miles (10,000 square kilometres) in Spain

  • Euskardi (region, Spain)

    Basque Country, comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) and historic region of northern Spain encompassing the provincias (provinces) of álava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya (Biscay). The Basque Country is bounded by the Bay of Biscay to the north and the autonomous communities of Navarra to the east,

  • Euskera language

    Basque language, language isolate, the only remnant of the languages spoken in southwestern Europe before the region was Romanized in the 2nd through 1st century bce. The Basque language is predominantly used in an area comprising approximately 3,900 square miles (10,000 square kilometres) in Spain

  • Euskotarak (people)

    Basque, member of a people who live in both Spain and France in areas bordering the Bay of Biscay and encompassing the western foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains. In the late 20th century probably about 850,000 true Basques lived in Spain and 130,000 in France; as many as 170,000 Basques may live

  • eusocial species (biology)

    Eusocial species, any colonial animal species that lives in multigenerational family groups in which the vast majority of individuals cooperate to aid relatively few (or even a single) reproductive group members. Eusocial species often exhibit extreme task specialization, which makes colonies

  • eusociality (biology)

    Eusocial species, any colonial animal species that lives in multigenerational family groups in which the vast majority of individuals cooperate to aid relatively few (or even a single) reproductive group members. Eusocial species often exhibit extreme task specialization, which makes colonies

  • eusporangium (plant anatomy)

    fern: The sporangium: The former are known as eusporangia and arise from several cells, the latter as leptosporangia and arise from a single cell. Eusporangia occur in the classes Psilotopsida and Marattiopsida, and leptosporangia occur in the majority of the species in the class Polypodiopsida. There are, however, many forms intermediate between the…

  • Eustace Diamonds, The (novel by Trollope)

    The Eustace Diamonds, novel by Anthony Trollope, published serially from 1871 to 1873 and in book form in New York in 1872. It is a satirical study of the influence of money on marital and sexual relations. The story follows two contrasting women and their courtships. Lizzie Eustace and Lucy Morris

  • Eustace II (count of Boulogne)

    United Kingdom: The reign of Edward the Confessor and the Norman Conquest: …had resisted an attempt by Eustace of Boulogne to quarter his men on them by force. The support of Earl Leofric and Earl Siward enabled Edward to secure the outlawry of Godwine and his sons; and William of Normandy paid Edward a visit during which Edward may have promised William…

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