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  • English Traits (work by Emerson)

    Ralph Waldo Emerson: Mature life and works: In English Traits he gave a character analysis of a people from which he himself stemmed. The Conduct of Life (1860), Emerson’s most mature work, reveals a developed humanism together with a full awareness of human limitations. It may be considered as partly confession. Emerson’s collected…

  • English truffle (fungus)

    truffle: The English truffle, T. aestivum, is found principally in beech woods. It is bluish black, rounded, and covered with coarse polygonal warts; the gleba is white when immature, then yellowish, and finally brown with white branched markings.

  • English walnut (tree)

    walnut: …North America and English, or Persian, walnut (J. regia), native to Iran, are valuable timber trees that produce edible nuts. The butternut (J. cinerea) of eastern North America also produces an edible nut. See also butternut.

  • English water ton (weights and measurement)

    ton: …specific commodities, such as the English water ton, used to measure petroleum products and equal to 224 British Imperial System gallons; the timber ton of 40 cubic feet; and the wheat ton of 20 U.S. bushels.

  • English Withdrawal, Battle of the (Pequot War [1637])

    Pequot: …were defeated in the subsequent Battle of the English Withdrawal and in the Swamp Fight, most Pequot communities elected to abandon their country rather than continue the war against the English. Many who fled were killed or captured by other tribes or the English, and others were sold into slavery…

  • English yew (plant)

    English yew, (Taxus baccata), (all three are lumber trade names), an ornamental evergreen tree or shrub of the yew family (Taxaceae), widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia as far east as the Himalayas. Some botanists consider the Himalayan form to be a separate species, called Himalayan yew

  • English, Alex (American basketball player)

    Denver Nuggets: …1980 Denver traded for forward Alex English, who would go on to become the franchise’s all-time leading scorer in 10 and a half seasons with the Nuggets. During English’s second season with Denver, Doug Moe took over as head coach. Moe and English guided high-scoring Nuggets teams, who were also…

  • English, Basic (artificial language)

    Basic English, simplified form of English developed between 1926 and 1930 by the British writer and linguist Charles Kay Ogden. Intended for use as an international second language, it enjoyed some popularity for more than a decade, but subsequently the language was little used. Basic English

  • English, Bill (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Bill English, New Zealand politician who became leader of the National Party and prime minister of New Zealand in December 2016 when three-time prime minister John Key unexpectedly resigned. English served as prime minister until October 2017 and as party leader until February 2018. English grew up

  • English, David Melvin (American singer)

    Melvin Franklin, (DAVID ENGLISH), U.S. bass singer with the Temptations (b. Oct. 12, 1942--d. Feb. 23,

  • English, Jon (British-born Australian musician and actor)

    Jon English, (Jonathan James English), British-born Australian musician and actor (born March 26, 1949, London, Eng.—died March 9, 2016, Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia), was a popular Australian entertainer for more than 40 years as he balanced recording and touring as a rock musician with an

  • English, Jonathan James (British-born Australian musician and actor)

    Jon English, (Jonathan James English), British-born Australian musician and actor (born March 26, 1949, London, Eng.—died March 9, 2016, Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia), was a popular Australian entertainer for more than 40 years as he balanced recording and touring as a rock musician with an

  • English, Simon William (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Bill English, New Zealand politician who became leader of the National Party and prime minister of New Zealand in December 2016 when three-time prime minister John Key unexpectedly resigned. English served as prime minister until October 2017 and as party leader until February 2018. English grew up

  • English, Sir David (British journalist and editor)

    Sir David English, British journalist whose editorship of London’s Daily Mail from 1971 to 1992 transformed it into a successful and influential tabloid that was must reading for the country’s middle class; in 1992 he became editor in chief and chairman of Associated Newspapers, publisher of the

  • English, William (American inventor)

    Douglas Engelbart: …with a colleague at SRI, William English, he eventually perfected a variety of input devices that became common—including joysticks, light pens, and track balls. Prior to Engelbart’s inventions, laborious and error-prone keypunch cards or manually set electronic switches were necessary to control computers, and data had to be printed before…

  • English, William H. (American politician)

    United States presidential election of 1880: The candidates: …nominee was former Indiana representative William H. English.

  • English-language marketplace

    "Jack, be nimble." In 1997 publishers of children’s literature appeared to heed this sage advice from Mother Goose as they adapted their book programs to an ever-changing marketplace--one that embraced both a blend of timeless classics and a flurry of new contemporary titles. Overall, fewer new

  • Englishman in New Your, An (American made-for-TV movie [2009])

    John Hurt: …Crisp in the TV movie An Englishman in New York (2009). His subsequent credits included the television miniseries Labyrinth (2012); Jim Jarmusch’s Only Lovers Left Alive (2013), in which he played a vampiric Christopher Marlowe; and the dark sci-fi thriller Snowpiercer (2013). Hurt also starred as an incarnation of the…

  • Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards (work by Madariaga y Rojo)

    Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo: …Madariaga’s most notable essays are Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards (1928), a study of national psychology; Guía del lector del Quijote (1926; Don Quixote), an analysis of Cervantes’ classic; and Spain (1942), a historical essay. He also published books on various periods in Latin-American history, among them Cuadro histórico de las Indias,…

  • Englishtown (township, Kilkenny, Ireland)

    Kilkenny: …the bishops of Ossory; and Englishtown, which was established by William Marshal, earl of Pembroke, and was raised to the status of a city in 1609. The two were united in 1843. The people of Kilkenny are known as “Cats,” the name likely originating in the medieval period.

  • Englishwoman’s Domestic Magazine, The (British magazine)

    history of publishing: Women’s magazines: …began to be tapped by The Englishwoman’s Domestic Magazine, a monthly issued by Samuel Beeton at twopence instead of the usual one shilling; it was also the first women’s periodical to concentrate on home management and offer practical advice to women rather than provide entertainment for the idle. Beeton’s wife…

  • englyn (poetry)

    Englyn, a group of strict Welsh poetic metres. The most popular form is the englyn unodl union (“direct monorhyme englyn”), which is a combination of a cywydd, a type of rhyming couplet, and another form and is written in an intricate pattern of alliteration and rhyme called cynghanedd. The englyn

  • Engomi (ancient city, Cyrpus)

    Cyprus: The Bronze Age: West of Famagusta was Engomi, the principal city and port; its massive city walls and houses of hewn stone demonstrate a high level of prosperity.

  • Engonasin (constellation)

    Hercules, constellation in the northern sky at about 17 hours right ascension and 30° north in declination. Its brightest star is Beta Herculis, with a magnitude of 2.8. Hercules contains the solar apex, the point on the sky toward which the Sun is moving as it orbits in the Milky Way Galaxy, and

  • engram (Scientology)

    Engram, in Scientology, a mental image of a past experience that produces a negative emotional effect in an individual’s life. L. Ron Hubbard (1911–86), the founder of Scientology, believed that the basic principle of human existence is survival. He argued that actions that support survival are

  • engram (memory)

    hallucination: The nature of hallucinations: >engrams. Ideas and images are held to derive from the incorporation and activation of these engrams in complex circuits involving nerve cells. Such circuits in the cortex (outer layers) of the brain appear to subserve the neurophysiology of memory, thought, imagination, and fantasy

  • Engraulidae (fish)

    Anchovy, any of numerous schooling saltwater fishes of the family Engraulidae (order Clupeiformes) related to the herring and distinguished by a large mouth, almost always extending behind the eye, and by a pointed snout. Most of the more than 100 species live in shallow tropical or warm temperate

  • engraved glass (art)

    Engraved glass, glassware decorated with finely carved, three-dimensional patterns or pictures. The most common engraving technique involves incising a design into glass with a rapidly spinning copper wheel fed with abrasives. Other techniques include diamond scribing and stipple engraving; the

  • engraving (art)

    Engraving, technique of making prints from metal plates into which a design has been incised with a cutting tool called a burin. Modern examples are almost invariably made from copperplates, and, hence, the process is also called copperplate engraving. Another term for the process, line engraving,

  • Engraving Copyright Act (United Kingdom)

    art market: The rise of London: The passing of the Engraving Copyright Act in 1735 (often called the Hogarth Act) extended intellectual-property law from literature to the visual arts and proved to be a vital step in maintaining artistic quality within London’s nascent market.

  • Enhanced 911 system (comunications system)

    police: Computerization: The Enhanced 911 (E911) system, adopted in the United States, instantly identifies the number of the phone from which the call is made, as well as the name and physical address of the person who owns the phone. Data maintained in the E911 system sometimes include…

  • Enhanced Body Armour (body armour)

    armour: Modern body armour systems: The Enhanced Body Armour (EBA) version could be reinforced with ceramic plates for greater protection against higher-velocity projectiles. In response to combat conditions in the Afghanistan War, where troops found themselves fighting more often on foot than in armoured vehicles, the Osprey Assault body armour system…

  • Enhanced Fujita Scale (meteorology)

    tornado: Tornado intensity: …tornadoes specific values on the Enhanced Fujita Scale, or EF-Scale, of tornado intensity. The notion of developing such a scale for use in comparing events and in research was proposed in 1971 by the Japanese American meteorologist T. Theodore Fujita.

  • Enhanced Fujita Scale of Tornado Intensity

    The Enhanced Fujita Scale (EF-Scale) is a system for classifying tornado intensity based on damage to structures and vegetation. It is a modified version of the original Fujita Scale (F-Scale) developed by Japanese-born American meteorologist T. Theodore Fujita in 1971. In 2004 atmospheric

  • enhanced interrogation technique (government intelligence)

    John Brennan: …Brennan’s involvement in the “enhanced interrogation techniques” practiced during the administration of Pres. George W. Bush, which had come under criticism as amounting to torture. Instead, Brennan became assistant to the president for homeland security and counterterrorism for roughly the next four years, helping shape U.S. policy in response…

  • enhanced oil recovery (technology)

    petroleum production: Enhanced recovery: Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) is designed to accelerate the production of oil from a well. Waterflooding, injecting water to increase the pressure of the reservoir, is one EOR method. Although waterflooding greatly increases recovery from a particular reservoir, it typically leaves up to one-third of…

  • enhanced radiation warhead (nuclear weapon)

    Neutron bomb, specialized type of nuclear weapon that would produce minimal blast and heat but would release large amounts of lethal radiation. A neutron bomb is actually a small thermonuclear bomb in which a few kilograms of plutonium or uranium, ignited by a conventional explosive, would serve as

  • enhancement mode FET (electronics)

    integrated circuit: Enhancement-mode FETs: There are two basic types of FETs. The type described previously is a depletion-mode FET, since a region is depleted of its natural charge. The field effect can also be used to create what is called an enhancement-mode FET by enhancing a region…

  • enhancement mode field-effect transistor (electronics)

    integrated circuit: Enhancement-mode FETs: There are two basic types of FETs. The type described previously is a depletion-mode FET, since a region is depleted of its natural charge. The field effect can also be used to create what is called an enhancement-mode FET by enhancing a region…

  • enhancer (genetics)

    heredity: Transcription: …and a region called the promoter, to which the RNA polymerase binds. These sequences must be a specific distance from the transcriptional start site for successful operation. Various short base sequences in this regulatory region physically bind specific transcription factors by virtue of a lock-and-key fit between the DNA and…

  • enharmonic (music)

    Enharmonic, in the system of equal temperament tuning used on keyboard instruments, two tones that sound the same but are notated (spelled) differently. Pitches such as F? and G? are said to be enharmonic equivalents; both are sounded with the same key on a keyboard instrument. The same is true of

  • Enheduanna (Akkadian priestess)

    history of Mesopotamia: Sargon’s reign: She took the name of Enheduanna and was succeeded in the same office by Enmenanna, a daughter of Naram-Sin. Enheduanna must have been a very gifted woman; two Sumerian hymns by her have been preserved, and she is also said to have been instrumental in starting a collection of songs…

  • Enhla (social class, Matabele)

    Ndebele: …origin; an intermediate class (Enhla), comprising people of Sotho origin; and a lower class (Lozwi, or Holi), derived from the original inhabitants. Men of all classes were organized into age groups that served as fighting units. The men of a regiment, after marriage, continued to live in their fortified…

  • Enhydra lutris (mammal)

    Sea otter, (Enhydra lutris), rare, completely marine otter of the northern Pacific, usually found in kelp beds. Floating on its back, it opens mollusks by smashing them on a stone balanced on its chest. The large hind feet are broad and flipperlike. It is 40–65 inches (100–160 cm) long and weighs

  • enhypostasia (religious formula)

    Theodore Ascidas: …a conciliatory definition, the noted enhypostasia (“in the person”) formula, maintaining that the human nature of Christ, although complete, had no personal identity of its own but achieved personalization only in the divine person of the eternal Logos (Word). Despite his having established the agenda for the council, Theodore could…

  • Eni (Italian corporation)

    Eni, Italian energy company operating primarily in petroleum, natural gas, and petrochemicals. Established in 1953, it is one of Europe’s largest oil companies in terms of sales. Eni has operations in more than 70 countries. Its headquarters are in Rome. Eni is an outgrowth of Agip (Azienda

  • Eni SpA (Italian corporation)

    Eni, Italian energy company operating primarily in petroleum, natural gas, and petrochemicals. Established in 1953, it is one of Europe’s largest oil companies in terms of sales. Eni has operations in more than 70 countries. Its headquarters are in Rome. Eni is an outgrowth of Agip (Azienda

  • ENIAC (computer)

    ENIAC, the first programmable general-purpose electronic digital computer, built during World War II by the United States. In the United States, government funding during the war went to a project led by John Mauchly, J. Presper Eckert, Jr., and their colleagues at the Moore School of Electrical

  • Enicocephalidae (insect)

    Unique-headed bug, (family Enicocephalidae), any of about 130 species of bugs (order Heteroptera) that have an unusual elongated head that is constricted behind the eyes and also at the base. The unique-headed bug is found throughout the world and is about 4 mm (0.2 inch) long. These bugs are also

  • Enicurus (bird)

    Forktail, any of seven species of birds of the Asian, chiefly Himalayan, genus Enicurus. Forktails usually are placed among the Old World flycatchers Muscicapidae (order Passeriformes). Forktails pick insects from stones along mountain streams and have loud whistling calls. Most are strikingly

  • Enid (Oklahoma, United States)

    Enid, city, seat (1907) of Garfield county, north-central Oklahoma, U.S. Located at a watering place on the Chisholm Trail and reached by the Rock Island Railroad in 1889, it was founded overnight as a tent city around a U.S. land office when the Cherokee Strip was opened to settlers on September

  • Enigma (German code device)

    Enigma, device used by the German military command to encode strategic messages before and during World War II. The Enigma code was first broken by the Poles, under the leadership of mathematician Marian Rejewski, in the early 1930s. In 1939, with the growing likelihood of a German invasion, the

  • Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon, The (painting by de Chirico)

    Giorgio de Chirico: …of landscapes that included The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon (1910), in which the long, sinister, and illogical shadows cast by unseen objects onto empty city spaces contrast starkly with bright, clear light that is rendered in brooding green tonalities. Moving to Paris in 1911, de Chirico gained the admiration…

  • Enigma of the Return, The (novel by Laferrière)

    Dany Laferrière: …The Return; also translated as The Enigma of the Return), which was awarded the Prix Médicis in France. Laferrière referred to himself as a Québécois, rather than a “francophone,” writer; he advocated for artistic vision without preconceived boundaries and proclaimed it the writer’s responsibility to “invent his own language.”

  • Enigma Variations (work by Elgar)

    Enigma Variations, series of 14 short musical portraits by Edward Elgar that premiered in London on June 19, 1899. The subjects of these portraits were several of the composer’s friends and family. The work’s origins were described by Elgar in a letter to his friend August Jaeger at the music

  • énigme du retour, L’ (novel by Laferrière)

    Dany Laferrière: …The Return; also translated as The Enigma of the Return), which was awarded the Prix Médicis in France. Laferrière referred to himself as a Québécois, rather than a “francophone,” writer; he advocated for artistic vision without preconceived boundaries and proclaimed it the writer’s responsibility to “invent his own language.”

  • Eninnu (ancient temple, Lagash, Iraq)

    Lagash: …with many temples, including the Eninnu, “House of the Fifty,” a seat of the high god Enlil. Architecturally the most remarkable structure was a weir and regulator, once doubtless possessing sluice gates, which conserved the area’s water supply in reservoirs.

  • ENIO (school, Paris, France)

    Emmanuel Lévinas: …taught in Paris at the école Normale Israelite Orientale (ENIO), a school for Jewish students, and the Alliance Israelite Universelle, which tried to build bridges between French and Jewish intellectual traditions. Serving as an officer in the French army at the outbreak of World War II, he was captured by…

  • Enisei River (river, Russia)

    Yenisey River, river of central Russia, one of the longest rivers in Asia. The world’s sixth largest river in terms of discharge, the Yenisey runs from south to north across the great expanse of central Siberia. It traverses a vast region of strikingly varied landscapes where ancient peoples and

  • Eniwetok (atoll, Marshall Islands)

    Enewetak, atoll, northwestern end of the Ralik chain, Republic of the Marshall Islands, in the western Pacific Ocean. Circular in shape (50 miles [80 km] in circumference), it comprises 40 islets around a lagoon 23 miles (37 km) in diameter. During World War II it was captured from the Japanese by

  • enjambment (poetry)

    Enjambment, in prosody, the continuation of the sense of a phrase beyond the end of a line of verse. T.S. Eliot used enjambment in the opening lines of his poem The Waste Land: Compare end

  • enjoyment

    aesthetics: Emotion, response, and enjoyment: …instance, a certain kind of pleasure. But what kind of pleasure? While our emotions and sympathies are sometimes pleasurable, this is by no means their essential feature; they may equally be painful or neutral. How then does the aesthetic of sympathy explain the pleasure that we take, and must take,…

  • Enke, Elizabeth Edith (American actress and singer)

    Edie Adams, (Elizabeth Edith Enke), American singer (born April 16, 1927, Kingston, Pa.—died Oct. 15, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a sultry blonde beauty who served as the comic foil for her husband, Ernie Kovacs, in his TV comedy-show sketches; she also spent more than two decades appearing in

  • Enke, Karin (German skater)

    Karin Enke, German figure skater turned speed skater who won eight Olympic medals, including three gold. Enke’s switch from figure skating to speed skating was relatively easy, and she proved to be a natural speed skater. After placing fourth in the 1975 national championships and ninth in the 1977

  • Enke-Kania, Karin (German skater)

    Karin Enke, German figure skater turned speed skater who won eight Olympic medals, including three gold. Enke’s switch from figure skating to speed skating was relatively easy, and she proved to be a natural speed skater. After placing fourth in the 1975 national championships and ninth in the 1977

  • enkephalin (biochemistry)

    Enkephalin, naturally occurring peptide that has potent painkilling effects and is released by neurons in the central nervous system and by cells in the adrenal medulla. Enkephalins and closely related substances known as beta-endorphins were discovered when investigators postulated that since

  • Enkhbayar, Nambaryn (president of Mongolia)

    Nambaryn Enkhbayar, Mongolian politician who served as prime minister (2000–04), speaker of parliament (2004–05), and president (2005–09) of Mongolia. He was the first person to have held all three of Mongolia’s top leadership posts. Enkhbayar received a B.S. in literature and language in 1980 from

  • Enkhuizen (Netherlands)

    Enkhuizen, gemeente (municipality), northwestern Netherlands, on the IJsselmeer (Lake IJssel). Chartered in 1355, the town gained importance during the 16th and 17th centuries as a fishing and shipping centre for herring, although the herring-fishing industry later declined with the silting up of

  • Enki (Mesopotamian deity)

    Ea, Mesopotamian god of water and a member of the triad of deities completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Enlil. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally “lord of

  • Enkidu (Mesopotamian mythology)

    Enkidu, a legendary hero originally appearing in Sumerian literary compositions, which were incorporated, with alterations, in the Akkadian epic of Gilgamesh. Enkidu’s name has been variously interpreted: as identical with the deity Enkimdu or meaning “lord of the reed marsh” or “Enki has created.”

  • Enkō Daishi (Buddhist priest)

    Hōnen, Buddhist priest, founder of the Pure Land (Jōdo) Buddhist sect of Japan. He was seminal in establishing Pure Land pietism as one of the central forms of Buddhism in Japan. Introduced as a student monk to Pure Land doctrines brought from China by Tendai priests, he stressed nembutsu

  • Enkū (Japanese sculptor)

    Japanese art: Sculpture: …period was the itinerant monk Enkū. He produced charming and rough-featured sculptures revealing bold chisel marks. His goals were to inspire faith and to proselytize. His works are totally without artifice, and the energy and power of his efforts are clearly conveyed.

  • ENL (pathology)

    thalidomide: Modern therapeutic uses: …and nerve impairment caused by erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL), a complication of leprosy. Thalidomide achieves this therapeutic effect by limiting the immune system’s powerful—and harmful—inflammatory response to leprosy bacilli within the body. Further testing revealed that thalidomide also has a significant anti-inflammatory effect in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and…

  • enlarger (photography)

    Enlarger, in photography, device for producing a photographic print or negative larger than the original negative or transparency. The modern enlarger consists of a projection assembly attached to a vertical column that is mounted on a horizontal base. The projection assembly includes an enclosed

  • enlarging (photography)

    technology of photography: The usual procedure is enlargement: the negative is projected onto a sensitive paper carrying a silver halide emulsion similar to that used for the film. Exposure by the enlarger light source again yields a latent image of the negative. After a development and processing sequence the paper then bears…

  • enlightened anthropocentrism (philosophy)

    anthropocentrism: Sometimes called prudential or enlightened anthropocentrism, this view holds that humans do have ethical obligations toward the environment, but they can be justified in terms of obligations toward other humans. For instance, environmental pollution can be seen as immoral because it negatively affects the lives of other people, such…

  • enlightened despotism (political science)

    Enlightened despotism, form of government in the 18th century in which absolute monarchs pursued legal, social, and educational reforms inspired by the Enlightenment. Among the most prominent enlightened despots were Frederick II (the Great), Peter I (the Great), Catherine II (the Great), Maria

  • Enlighteners (literary movement)

    Uzbek literature: The tsarist colonial period: …new generation of Turkic-speaking writers—the Ziyolilar (“Enlighteners”), who counted themselves as Jadid reformers—made major contributions to modern Uzbek literature. These writers include Mahmud Khoja Behbudi, Abdalrauf Fitrat, Abdullah Qadiri, Cholpán (Abdulhamid Sulayman Yunús), Munawwar Qari, and Mannan Ramiz. They were among those writers who at the turn of the 20th…

  • Enlightenment (European history)

    Enlightenment, a European intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries in which ideas concerning God, reason, nature, and humanity were synthesized into a worldview that gained wide assent in the West and that instigated revolutionary developments in art, philosophy, and politics. Central

  • enlightenment (religion)

    ecstasy: …purification (of the will); (3) illumination (of the mind); and (4) unification (of one’s being or will with the divine). Other methods are: dancing (as used by the Mawlawiyyah, or whirling dervishes, a Muslim Sufi sect); the use of sedatives and stimulants (as utilized in some Hellenistic mystery religions); and…

  • Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress (work by Pinker)

    Steven Pinker: …the early 21st century in Enlightenment Now: The Case for Reason, Science, Humanism, and Progress (2018). In The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person’s Guide to Writing in the 21st Century (2014), Pinker prescribed effective writing techniques while acknowledging and defending the necessary elasticity of language and grammar.

  • Enlil (Mesopotamian god)

    Enlil, Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere and a member of the triad of gods completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Ea (Enki). Enlil meant Lord Wind: both the hurricane and the gentle winds of spring were thought of as the breath issuing from his mouth and eventually as his word or command. He was

  • Enlil-nirari (king of Assyria)

    history of Mesopotamia: The rise of Assyria: His son Enlil-nirari (c. 1326–c. 1318) also fought against Babylonia. Arik-den-ili (c. 1308–c. 1297) turned westward, where he encountered Semitic tribes of the so-called Akhlamu group.

  • Enlli, Ynys (island, Wales, United Kingdom)

    Bardsey Island, small island, with an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km), off the tip of the Lleyn Peninsula, Gwynedd county, historic county of Caernavonshire (Sir Gaernarfon), Wales. It is separated from the mainland by a channel 2 miles (3 km) wide that has a strong tidal race. On this

  • Enmebaragesi (king of Kish)

    Enmebaragesi, king of Kish, in northern Babylonia, and the first historical personality of Mesopotamia. Enmebaragesi is known from inscriptions about him on fragments of vases of his own time, as well as from later traditions. He was the next-to-last ruler of the first dynasty of Kish. He

  • Enmebaragisi (king of Kish)

    Enmebaragesi, king of Kish, in northern Babylonia, and the first historical personality of Mesopotamia. Enmebaragesi is known from inscriptions about him on fragments of vases of his own time, as well as from later traditions. He was the next-to-last ruler of the first dynasty of Kish. He

  • Enmerkar (Mesopotamian hero)

    Enmerkar, ancient Sumerian hero and king of Uruk (Erech), a city-state in southern Mesopotamia, who is thought to have lived at the end of the 4th or beginning of the 3rd millennium bc. Along with Lugalbanda and Gilgamesh, Enmerkar is one of the three most significant figures in the surviving

  • Enmerkar and Ensuhkeshdanna (Mesopotamian epic)

    Enmerkar: …of Aratta is known as Enmerkar and Ensuhkeshdanna. In this tale the ruler of Aratta, Ensuhkeshdanna (or Ensukushsiranna), demanded that Enmerkar become his vassal. Enmerkar refused and, declaring himself the favourite of the gods, commanded Ensuhkeshdanna to submit to him. Although the members of Ensuhkeshdanna’s council advised him to comply…

  • Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta (Mesopotamian epic)

    Enmerkar: One is called Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta. The longest Sumerian epic yet discovered, it is the source of important information about the history and culture of the Sumero-Iranian border area. According to this legend, Enmerkar, son of the sun god Utu, was envious of Aratta’s wealth…

  • Enna (Italy)

    Enna, city, capital of Enna provincia (province), central Sicily, Italy, on a plateau dominating the valley of the Dittaino, northeast of Caltanissetta. A city of the Siculi, an ancient Sicilian tribe, and a centre of the pre-Hellenic cult of Demeter and Kore (Persephone), it originated as Henna

  • Ennahda Party (political party, Tunisia)

    Ennahda Party, Tunisian political party, founded in 1981 by Rachid al-Ghannouchi and Abdelfattah Mourou (?Abd al-Fattā? Mūrū) as the Islamic Tendency Movement. Its platform called for a fairer distribution of economic resources, the establishment of multiparty democracy, and the injection of more

  • ennanga (musical instrument)

    African music: Harps: Examples are the ennanga (Uganda), ardin (Mauritania), kinde (Lake Chad region), and ngombi (Gabon).

  • Ennea Hodoi (ancient city, Greece)

    Amphipolis, ancient Greek city on the Strymon (Strimón) River about three miles from the Aegean Sea, in Macedonia. A strategic transportation centre, it controlled the bridge over the Strymon and the route from northern Greece to the Hellespont, including the western approach to the timber, gold,

  • ennead (Egyptian religion)

    ancient Egyptian religion: Groupings of deities: …ancient known grouping is the ennead, which is probably attested from the 3rd dynasty (c. 2650–2575 bce). Enneads were groups of nine deities, nine being the “plural” of three (in Egypt the number three symbolized plurality in general); not all enneads consisted of nine gods.

  • Enneads (work by Plotinus)

    Great Chain of Being: …words of Plotinus, in his Enneads, “The one is perfect because it seeks for nothing, and possesses nothing, and has need of nothing; and being perfect, it overflows, and thus its superabundance produces an Other.” This generation of the many from the one must continue until all possible varieties of…

  • Ennedi (region, Chad)

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