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  • deposit, certificate of (finance)

    Certificate of deposit (CD), a receipt from a bank acknowledging the deposit of a sum of money. Among the common types are demand certificates of deposit and time certificates of deposit. Demand certificates of deposit are payable on demand but do not draw interest; they are used primarily by

  • deposit, demand certificate of (finance)

    certificate of deposit: Among the common types are demand certificates of deposit and time certificates of deposit. Demand certificates of deposit are payable on demand but do not draw interest; they are used primarily by contractors as evidence of good faith when submitting a bid or as a guaranty of performance, and they…

  • deposit, time certificate of (finance)

    certificate of deposit: Time certificates of deposit bear interest and are payable on or after a specific date. Interest on time deposits is higher than for regular savings accounts. Because of this, a depositor who withdraws money deposited on a time basis before the maturity date of the…

  • deposition (law)

    discovery: …also can be made through depositions, whereby a witness is sworn and, in the presence of attorneys for both sides, is subjected to questions. The written record of the proceedings also is called a deposition and may be introduced later if the case comes to trial. Other forms of discovery…

  • Deposition (work by Angelico)

    Fra Angelico: San Domenico period: Angelico’s Deposition for Santa Trinità in Florence was once attributed to Monaco, who had begun it before he died in 1425. Monaco had divided it into a triptych and executed the pinnacles. Angelico, however, made it a unified altarpiece with a vast landscape dominated by a…

  • Deposition (work by Rosso Fiorentino)

    Rosso Fiorentino: …Volterra, and there he painted Deposition (1521). In 1521 or 1522 he returned to Florence, where he probably painted the dramatic Moses Defending the Daughters of Jethro (c. 1523).

  • deposition (geology)

    Sedimentation, in the geological sciences, process of deposition of a solid material from a state of suspension or solution in a fluid (usually air or water). Broadly defined it also includes deposits from glacial ice and those materials collected under the impetus of gravity alone, as in talus

  • Deposition (work by Lorenzetti)

    Pietro Lorenzetti: The Deposition, in its clarity of composition and the monumentality of the sculpturelike draperies, shows a sensitive response to the art of Giotto. Lorenzetti’s figures achieve corporeality by means of strong, only partly blended colours. The Madonna and Child in the same cycle, however, returns to…

  • deposition nucleus (meteorology)

    atmosphere: Condensation: …nuclei are of three types: deposition nuclei, contact nuclei, and freezing nuclei. Deposition nuclei are analogous to condensation nuclei in that water vapour directly deposits as ice crystals on the aerosol. Contact and freezing nuclei, in contrast, are associated with the conversion of supercooled water to ice. A contact nucleus…

  • Deposition of Christ (work by Raphael)

    Raphael: Move to Florence: …was commissioned to paint the Deposition of Christ. In this work it is obvious that Raphael set himself deliberately to learn from Michelangelo the expressive possibilities of human anatomy. But Raphael differed from Leonardo and Michelangelo, who were both painters of dark intensity and excitement, in that he wished to…

  • deposition, vapour (material science)

    amorphous solid: Vapour condensation techniques: …shows the simplest of these vapour-condensation techniques. A vapour stream, formed within a vacuum chamber by thermal evaporation of a sample of the material to be deposited, impinges on the surface of a cold substrate. The atoms condense on the cold surface and, under a range of conditions (usually a…

  • deposition, zone of (ecology)

    sedimentary rock: Epiclastic conglomerates and breccias: …of shallow-water marine or nonmarine deposits. Their origin is commonly related to the existence of brief episodes of strong bottom-hugging currents capable of ripping up recently deposited, unconsolidated sediment. For example, shallow marine limestone deposits commonly have thin bands of boulder-, cobble-, and pebble-size carbonate clasts (edgewise conglomerate or breccia…

  • depositional fabric (geology)

    sedimentary rock: Fabric: …principal varieties of oriented fabrics: primary (or depositional) and secondary (or deformational). Primary fabrics are produced while the sediment is accumulating. For example, river currents and some submarine gravity flows generate sediments whose flaky and prismatic constituent particles have long or short axes parallel with one another to produce an…

  • depositional pseudomorph

    pseudomorph: deposition, or alteration. In the formation of a pseudomorph by substitution, the original substance has been gradually removed and simultaneously replaced by another. A common example of this is petrified wood, in which all the cellulose fibres have been replaced by silica, even those in…

  • depositional remanent magnetization (physics)

    remanent magnetism: …into a sedimentary matrix, producing detrital remanent magnetism. It is hypothesized that the tiny grains orient themselves in the direction of the Earth’s magnetic field during deposition and before the final consolidation of the rock. The magnetism thus introduced appears to persist through later alteration and compaction of the rock,…

  • depositional terrace (geology)

    river: Origin of river terraces: In depositional terraces, however, the origin of the now abandoned floodplain is much less significant than the long-term episode of valley filling that preceded the final embellishment of the tread. The thickness of valley-fill deposits is much greater than anything that could be produced by vertical…

  • Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act (United States [1980])

    bank: Entry, branching, and financial-services restrictions: …to the passage of the Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act in 1980. Its principal objectives were to improve monetary control and equalize its cost among depository institutions, to remove impediments to competition for funds by depository institutions while allowing the small saver a market rate of return, and…

  • dépot littéraire (French history)

    library: The effects of the French Revolution: …départements in what were called dépots littéraires. In 1792 the same fate befell the collections of aristocratic families, and these, too, were added to the dépots. The enormous accumulations caused problems, and many books were lost, but the plan of coordinating library resources throughout the country was carried out. The…

  • depot trade (commerce)

    Silent trade, specialized form of barter in which goods are exchanged without any direct contact between the traders. Generally, one group goes to a customary spot, deposits the goods to be traded, and withdraws, sometimes giving a signal such as a call or a gong stroke. Another group then comes to

  • depot, railroad

    railroad: Buildings: …and surroundings of new passenger stations are laid out to provide adequate and convenient areas for connecting bus or trolley-car services, for private automobile parking, or for so-called “kiss-and-ride”—automobiles that are discharging or picking up rail passengers. Many existing stations have had their surroundings reorganized to provide these facilities.

  • Depp, Johnny (American actor)

    Johnny Depp, American actor and musician who was known for his eclectic and unconventional film choices. He achieved perhaps his greatest success as Capt. Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean series. At age 16 Depp dropped out of high school to pursue a music career. His band, the Kids,

  • depravity (theology)

    Original sin, in Christian doctrine, the condition or state of sin into which each human being is born; also, the origin (i.e., the cause, or source) of this state. Traditionally, the origin has been ascribed to the sin of the first man, Adam, who disobeyed God in eating the forbidden fruit (of

  • Deprecatio ad Hadrianum (work by Claudian)

    Claudian: …his superior, the Greek Hadrianus, Deprecatio ad Hadrianum, jeopardized his civil post; but, by assiduously praising Stilicho, minister of the Western emperor Flavius Honorius, and denouncing his rivals at the court of Flavius Arcadius, he gained the position of tribunus et notarius, the rank of vir clarissimus, and the honour…

  • depreciation (economics)

    Depreciation, in accounting, the allocation of the cost of an asset over its economic life. Depreciation covers deterioration from use, age, and exposure to the elements. It also includes obsolescence—i.e., loss of usefulness arising from the availability of newer and more efficient types of goods

  • DePree, D. J. (American businessman)

    Herman Miller, Inc.: In 1923 D.J. DePree joined with his father-in-law, Herman Miller, and other investors to purchase the Star Furniture Company of Zeeland, Michigan (the company was later named for Miller). By the 1930s DePree had become interested in how contemporary design could improve home and office furniture. To…

  • depressant (drug)

    Depressant, in medicine, a drug or other agent that slows the activity of vital organs of the body. Depressants acting on the central nervous system include general anesthetics, opiates, alcohol, and hypnotics. Tranquilizing drugs (ataractics) act primarily on the lower levels of the brain,

  • Depressed Classes Mission Society of India (social movement)

    Prarthana Samaj: …of the century, including the Depressed Classes Mission Society of India and the National Social Conference. Like that of the Brahmo Samaj and the Arya Samaj, the success of the Prarthana Samaj in restoring Hindu self-respect was an important factor in the growth of Indian nationalism, which led ultimately to…

  • depression (economics)

    Depression, in economics, major downswing in the business cycle that is characterized by sharply reduced industrial production, widespread unemployment, serious declines or cessations of growth in construction activity, and great reductions in international trade and capital movements. Unlike minor

  • depression (psychology)

    Depression, in psychology, a mood or emotional state that is marked by feelings of low self-worth or guilt and a reduced ability to enjoy life. A person who is depressed usually experiences several of the following symptoms: feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or pessimism; lowered self-esteem and

  • depression (meteorology)

    Cyclone, any large system of winds that circulates about a centre of low atmospheric pressure in a counterclockwise direction north of the Equator and in a clockwise direction to the south. Cyclonic winds move across nearly all regions of the Earth except the equatorial belt and are generally

  • Depression of 1929 (economy)

    Great Depression, worldwide economic downturn that began in 1929 and lasted until about 1939. It was the longest and most severe depression ever experienced by the industrialized Western world, sparking fundamental changes in economic institutions, macroeconomic policy, and economic theory.

  • depressive neurosis (psychology)

    diagnosis: Mental examination: Minor depression, or dysthymia, is the presence of a depressed mood for most of the day. This disorder is diagnosed clinically if symptoms have persisted for two years with no more than two months’ freedom from symptoms. Other symptoms that occur concurrently with this form of depression include…

  • Depretis, Agostino (premier of Italy)

    Agostino Depretis, Italian statesman, a leftist figure in the Risorgimento who later served three times as premier of Italy. He provided a fairly stable government by the tactics of trasformismo, which brought together members of different parties in the same Cabinet. After graduating from law

  • DePrince, Michaela (American dancer)

    Michaela DePrince, Sierra Leonean-born American ballet dancer known for her technical prowess and tenacious spirit. She was born Mabinty Bangura during Sierra Leone’s prolonged civil war and spent her early years in that country. Rebel forces killed her father, and her mother died soon after of

  • deprogramming (psychology)

    brainwashing: Deprogramming, or reversing the effects of brainwashing through intensive psychotherapy and confrontation, has proved somewhat successful, particularly with religious cult members.

  • Deptford (area, Lewisham, London, United Kingdom)

    Lewisham: …village was listed as Levesham, Deptford was included as Depeford (“Deep Ford”), and Brockley was written as Brochelie. Lewisham was the site of fashionable mansions in the 17th and 18th centuries. With the construction of suburban railways in the mid-19th century, mansions and rural estates were replaced by middle-class housing…

  • Deptford Trilogy, The (work by Davies)

    The Deptford Trilogy, series of three novels by Robertson Davies, consisting of Fifth Business (1970), The Manticore (1972), and World of Wonders (1975). Throughout the trilogy, Davies interweaves moral concerns and bits of arcane lore. The novels trace the lives of three men from the small town of

  • depth (dimension)

    length, area, and volume: Length is the size of a line segment (see distance formulas), area is the size of a closed region in a plane, and volume is the size of a solid. Formulas for area and volume are based on lengths. For example, the area of a…

  • depth (naval architecture)

    ship: Naval architecture: The depth is measured at the middle of the length, from the top of the keel to the top of the deck beam at the side of the uppermost continuous deck. Draft is measured from the keel to the waterline, while freeboard is measured from the…

  • depth bomb (weapon)

    Depth charge, a type of weapon that is used by surface ships or aircraft to attack submerged submarines. The first depth charges were developed by the British in World War I for use against German submarines. They consisted of a canister filled with explosives that was rolled or dropped off the

  • depth charge (weapon)

    Depth charge, a type of weapon that is used by surface ships or aircraft to attack submerged submarines. The first depth charges were developed by the British in World War I for use against German submarines. They consisted of a canister filled with explosives that was rolled or dropped off the

  • depth detector (measurement device)

    Depth finder, device used on ships to determine the depth of water by measuring the time it takes a sound (sonic pulse) produced just below the water surface to return, or echo, from the bottom of the body of water. Sonic depth finders are in operation on practically every important class of ship,

  • depth finder (measurement device)

    Depth finder, device used on ships to determine the depth of water by measuring the time it takes a sound (sonic pulse) produced just below the water surface to return, or echo, from the bottom of the body of water. Sonic depth finders are in operation on practically every important class of ship,

  • depth indicator (measurement device)

    Depth finder, device used on ships to determine the depth of water by measuring the time it takes a sound (sonic pulse) produced just below the water surface to return, or echo, from the bottom of the body of water. Sonic depth finders are in operation on practically every important class of ship,

  • depth of compensation (geology)

    isostasy: …this is known as the depth of compensation. The depth of compensation was taken to be 113 km (70 miles) according to the Hayford-Bowie concept, named for American geodesists John Fillmore Hayford and William Bowie. Owing to changing tectonic environments, however, perfect isostasy is approached but rarely attained, and some…

  • depth of field (optics)

    optics: Longitudinal magnification: …large, which explains why the depth of field (δp) of a microscope is extremely small. On the other hand, if m is small, less than one as in a camera, then m is very small, and all objects within a considerable range of distances (δp) appear substantially in focus.

  • depth perception

    perception: Innate versus learned perception: …research has dealt with visual depth perception in laboratory animals and human babies. One technique (the visual cliff) depends on the evident reluctance of young animals to step off the edge of what seems to be a steep cliff. The so-called visual cliff apparatus in one of its versions consists…

  • depth psychology

    religious symbolism and iconography: Relation to other areas of culture: Psychoanalysis and depth psychology have reevaluated the role of the religious symbols and have used them in interpreting psychological processes, such as in the works of the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung. Jung interprets religious processes as symbolic ones and emphasizes the growing of individual and social symbols…

  • depth sounder (measurement device)

    Depth finder, device used on ships to determine the depth of water by measuring the time it takes a sound (sonic pulse) produced just below the water surface to return, or echo, from the bottom of the body of water. Sonic depth finders are in operation on practically every important class of ship,

  • Députés, Chambre des (French government [1815–1848])

    France: Louis XVIII, 1815–24: When a new Chamber of Deputies was elected in August 1815, the ultras scored a sweeping victory; the surprised king, who had feared a surge of antimonarchical sentiment, greeted the legislature as la chambre introuvable (“the incomparable chamber”). But the political honeymoon was short-lived. Louis was shrewd enough,…

  • Deputies, Chamber of (Brazilian government)

    Brazil: The legislature: …Congress (Congresso Nacional), comprising the Chamber of Deputies (Camara dos Deputados) and the Federal Senate (Senado Federal). Congress meets every year in two sessions of four and a half months each. The constitution gives Congress the power to rule in matters involving the federal government, particularly those related to fiscal…

  • Deputies, Chamber of (Prussian government)

    Otto von Bismarck: Early career: …was elected to the Prussian Chamber of Deputies (the lower chamber of the Prussian Diet) and moved his family to Berlin. At this stage he was far from a German nationalist. He told one of his fellow conservatives, “We are Prussians, and Prussians we shall remain…. We do not wish…

  • Deputies, Chamber of (Paraguayan government)

    Paraguay: Constitutional framework: …the Congress, composed of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. All its members are elected by popular vote for five-year terms (with the exception of former presidents, who are appointed senators for life, though they are not entitled to vote) on the same date that the presidential elections are…

  • Deputies, Chamber of (French government [1815–1848])

    France: Louis XVIII, 1815–24: When a new Chamber of Deputies was elected in August 1815, the ultras scored a sweeping victory; the surprised king, who had feared a surge of antimonarchical sentiment, greeted the legislature as la chambre introuvable (“the incomparable chamber”). But the political honeymoon was short-lived. Louis was shrewd enough,…

  • Deputies, Chamber of (Italian government)

    Vittorio Orlando: …before being elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1897. He served as minister of education in 1903–05 and of justice in 1907–09, resuming the same portfolio in 1914. He favoured Italy’s entrance into the war (May 1915), and in October 1917, in the crisis following the defeat of Italy’s…

  • Deputies, Chamber of (Czech government)

    Czech Republic: Constitutional framework: …bicameral Parliament consisting of a Chamber of Deputies (elected on a proportional basis for four-year terms) and a Senate (elected on a district basis for six-year terms).

  • Deputies, Congress of (Spanish government)

    Spain: Constitutional framework: …(cámaras): a lower chamber, the Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados), and an upper chamber, the Senate (Senado). As with most legislatures in parliamentary systems, more power is vested in the lower chamber. The Congress of Deputies has 350 members, who are elected to four-year terms by universal suffrage.…

  • Deputy, The (work by Hochhuth)

    Erwin Piscator: …that period were Rolf Hochhuth’s Deputy, a study of the role of Pope Pius XII during the Third Reich, and The Investigation by Peter Weiss, dealing with the Auschwitz concentration camp.

  • Der mame’s Shabosim (memoir by Grade)

    Chaim Grade: …memoir, Der mame’s Shabosim (1955; My Mother’s Sabbath Days), provides a rare portrait of prewar Vilna, as well as a description of refugee life in the Soviet Union and Grade’s return to Vilna after the war.

  • Dera Ghazi Khan (Pakistan)

    Dera Ghazi Khan, town, Punjab province, central Pakistan, in the floodplain of the Indus River. The town was founded by Ghāzī Khān, son of a Baloch chieftain and vassal of the Langah sultans of Multan. Incorporated as a municipality in 1867, the town was partially destroyed by a flood of the Indus

  • Dera Ismail Khan (Pakistan)

    Dera Ismail Khan, town, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, just west of the Indus River. The town was named for Ismā?īl Khān, son of the 15th-century Baloch chief who founded it. The old town, 4 miles (6 km) east, was washed away by the Indus River in 1823. The new town, laid out by Durrānī

  • Déracinés, Les (work by Barrès)

    Maurice Barrès: …National Energy”), made up of Les Déracinés (1897; “The Uprooted”), L’Appel au soldat (1900; “The Call to the Soldier”), and Leurs figures (1902; “Their Figures”). In these works he expounded an individualism that included a deep-rooted attachment to one’s native region. Les Déracinés tells the story of seven young provincials…

  • deradicalization (counter-terrorism)

    Egyptian Islamic Jihad: …as part of a “deradicalization” program, Egypt released more than 130 jailed members of EIJ in exchange for their renouncing violence. That year also saw a series of publications by Sayyid Imam al-Sharif renouncing terrorism as un-Islamic. Sharif’s writings drew a lengthy rebuttal from Zawahiri.

  • dérailleur gear (device)

    bicycle: The modern bicycle: …mechanisms, and by the 1920s derailleur gears that moved the chain from one sprocket to another had become established in France.

  • Derain, André (French painter)

    André Derain, French painter, sculptor, printmaker, and designer who was one of the principal Fauvists. Derain studied painting in Paris at the Académie Carriere from 1898 to 1899. He developed his early style in association with Maurice de Vlaminck, whom he met in 1900, and with Henri Matisse, who

  • Derand, Fran?ois (French architect)

    Western architecture: France: … in the 16th century and Fran?ois Derand in the 17th analyzed the construction of the Gothic vault. They were quick to appreciate it as a highly efficient and economical framework of columns and ribs, supporting the webs of the vaults (which they regarded as no more than infilling panels carrying…

  • derangement (mathematics)

    combinatorics: The principle of inclusion and exclusion: derangements: For a case in which there are N objects and n properties A1, A2, · · · An, the number N(A1, A2), for example, will be the number of objects that possess the properties A1, A2. If N(ā

  • derash (Jewish hermeneutics)

    pesha?: …to typological or allegorical interpretations), derash (meaning “search,” in reference to biblical study according to the middot, or rules), and sod (meaning “secret,” or mystical interpretation). The first letters (PRDS) of these four words were first used in medieval Spain as an acronym forming the word PaRaDiSe to designate a…

  • derasha (Jewish sermon)

    Derasha, in Judaism, a homily or sermon, generally preached by a rabbi in the synagogue. In a broad sense, the prophets were the first to preach to the Jewish people, but they had no official status as interpreters of the Law, nor did they address their words to a formal congregation. The first

  • derashah (Jewish sermon)

    Derasha, in Judaism, a homily or sermon, generally preached by a rabbi in the synagogue. In a broad sense, the prophets were the first to preach to the Jewish people, but they had no official status as interpreters of the Law, nor did they address their words to a formal congregation. The first

  • derashot (Jewish sermon)

    Derasha, in Judaism, a homily or sermon, generally preached by a rabbi in the synagogue. In a broad sense, the prophets were the first to preach to the Jewish people, but they had no official status as interpreters of the Law, nor did they address their words to a formal congregation. The first

  • derashoth (Jewish sermon)

    Derasha, in Judaism, a homily or sermon, generally preached by a rabbi in the synagogue. In a broad sense, the prophets were the first to preach to the Jewish people, but they had no official status as interpreters of the Law, nor did they address their words to a formal congregation. The first

  • derasoth (Jewish sermon)

    Derasha, in Judaism, a homily or sermon, generally preached by a rabbi in the synagogue. In a broad sense, the prophets were the first to preach to the Jewish people, but they had no official status as interpreters of the Law, nor did they address their words to a formal congregation. The first

  • Deravica, Mount (mountain, Albania-Kosovo)

    Kosovo: Relief, drainage, and soils: The highest point is Mount Gjeravica (Deravica), at 8,714 feet (2,656 metres), on the western border with Albania. The interior terrain comprises high plains and rolling hills; about three-fourths of the country lies between about 1,600 and 5,000 feet (500 and 1,500 metres) above sea level. Limestone caves are…

  • Deray, Jacques (French director)

    Jacques Deray, (Jacques Desrayaud), French film director (born Feb. 19, 1929, Lyon, France—died Aug. 9, 2003, Boulogne-Billancourt, France), specialized in thrillers and film noir, making more than 30 well-constructed crime films, many starring Alain Delon. His best-known movies included the p

  • Derbent (Russia)

    Derbent, city, southeastern Dagestan republic, southwestern Russia. The city lies in the narrow gap between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains at their closest approach. Derbent was founded in 438 ce as a fortress to guard the principal caravan route from southwestern Europe to Southwest

  • Derby (Connecticut, United States)

    Derby, city, coextensive with the town (township) of Derby, New Haven county, southwestern Connecticut, U.S. It lies at the junction of the Housatonic and Naugatuck rivers, a few miles west of New Haven. Early settlement developed around a trading post established by Captain John Wakeman in 1642 in

  • Derby (Western Australia, Australia)

    Derby, town and port in West Kimberley shire, northern Western Australia. It lies on the western shore of a peninsula in King Sound, an inlet of the Indian Ocean, near the mouth of the Fitzroy River. Founded in 1883 to serve a pastoral district, Derby was named for Edward Henry Stanley, 15th earl

  • Derby (city and unitary authority, England, United Kingdom)

    Derby, city and unitary authority, geographic and historic county of Derbyshire, England. It lies along the River Derwent at an important route focus at the southern end of the Pennines. The unitary authority covers Derby and its suburbs. Just northeast of the city centre, at Little Chester, is the

  • Derby (horse race)

    Derby, one of the five classic English horse races, along with the Saint Leger, the Oaks, the One Thousand Guineas, and the Two Thousand Guineas. With a field limited to three-year-old colts and fillies, the Derby is run on turf on the first Saturday in June over a 1 12-mile (about 2,400-metre)

  • derby (hat)

    dress: The 19th century: …“billycock” and, in America, the derby, was introduced about 1850 by the hatter William Bowler. The straw boater, originally meant to be worn on the river, became popular for all summer activities. The homburg felt hat, introduced in the 1870s and popularized by the Prince of Wales (later King Edward…

  • Derby Arboretum (arboretum, Derby, England, United Kingdom)

    John Claudius Loudon: …his most important work, the Derby Arboretum (1839–41).

  • Derby eland (mammal)

    eland: The giant, or Derby, eland (Taurotragus derbianus) inhabits woodlands filled with the broad-leaved doka tree in the northern savanna from Senegal to the Nile River. The common, or Cape, eland (T. oryx) ranges over the woodlands, plains, mountains, and subdeserts of eastern and southern Africa. The…

  • derby flycatcher (bird)

    kiskadee: …for the call of the great kiskadee, or derby flycatcher (P. sulphuratus). The great kiskadee is reddish brown on the back, wings, and tail. The throat is white, the crown and sides of the head are black, and a white band surrounds the crown, which is surmounted by a yellow…

  • Derby silk mill (mill, Derby, England, United Kingdom)

    history of technology: Textiles: …British textile factory was the Derby silk mill built in 1719; and that the most far-reaching innovation in cotton manufacture was the introduction of steam power to drive carding machines, spinning machines, power looms, and printing machines. This, however, is probably to overstate the case, and the cotton innovators should…

  • Derby Stakes (horse race)

    Derby, one of the five classic English horse races, along with the Saint Leger, the Oaks, the One Thousand Guineas, and the Two Thousand Guineas. With a field limited to three-year-old colts and fillies, the Derby is run on turf on the first Saturday in June over a 1 12-mile (about 2,400-metre)

  • Derby ware (pottery)

    Derby ware, porcelain figures and servicewares made in Derby, central England, about 1750–1848. The best-known early figures were characterized by glaze retractions about the base. Known as “dry-edge” figures, their modeling and execution were excellent, the porcelain soft and heavy; a pair known

  • Derby’s Men (English theatrical company)

    William Stanley, 6th earl of Derby: …company of actors known as Derby’s Men. The troupe, which should not be confused with Lord Strange’s Men (who were for a brief time known as Derby’s Men) performed at court in 1599–1601. It is possible that the first performance of A Midsummer Night’s Dream took place at his wedding…

  • Derby’s woolly opossum (marsupial)

    woolly opossum: Derby’s woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus) is found in Mexico, in Central America, and along the Pacific slope of Colombia and Ecuador. The brown-eared woolly opossum (Caluromys lanatus) occurs from Colombia and Venezuela to Paraguay. The bare-tailed woolly opossum (Caluromys philander) occurs throughout northern and eastern…

  • Derby’s woolly possum (marsupial)

    woolly opossum: Derby’s woolly opossum (Caluromys derbianus) is found in Mexico, in Central America, and along the Pacific slope of Colombia and Ecuador. The brown-eared woolly opossum (Caluromys lanatus) occurs from Colombia and Venezuela to Paraguay. The bare-tailed woolly opossum (Caluromys philander) occurs throughout northern and eastern…

  • Derby, Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley, 14th earl of (prime minister of Great Britain)

    Edward Stanley, 14th earl of Derby, English statesman, important as leader of the Conservative Party during the long period 1846–68, thrice prime minister, and one of England’s greatest parliamentary orators; nevertheless, he has no great political reputation. Entering Parliament as a Whig in 1820,

  • Derby, Edward Stanley, 12th earl of (English noble)

    Derby: …including Sir Charles Bunbury and Edward Stanley, the 12th earl of Derby, the group conceived the idea of a race on the Downs for three-year-old fillies, which was subsequently called “the Oaks” after the name of Derby’s nearby estate. Derby’s horse Bridget won the first running of the Oaks in…

  • Derby, Edward Stanley, 3rd earl of (English noble)

    Edward Stanley, 3rd earl of Derby, second son of the 2nd earl, succeeding to the earldom on his father’s death in May 1521. During his minority Cardinal Wolsey was his guardian, and as soon as he came of age he began to take part in public life. He helped to quell the rising known as the Pilgrimage

  • Derby, James Stanley, 7th Earl of (English commander)

    James Stanley, 7th earl of Derby, prominent Royalist commander in the English Civil War, who was executed by the Parliamentarians. Eldest son of William, the 6th earl, he was returned to Parliament for Liverpool in 1625 and on March 7, 1628, entered the House of Lords as Baron Strange. When the

  • Derby, Pat (British-born animal rights activist)

    Pat Derby, (Patricia Bysshe Shelley), British-born animal rights activist (born June 7, 1942, Sussex, Eng.—died Feb. 15, 2013, San Andreas, Calif.), cofounded (1984) the Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), which worked to protect exotic wildlife used in the entertainment industry, in

  • Derby, Thomas Stanley, 1st earl of (English noble)

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