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  • Dasyprocta punctata (rodent)

    agouti: mexicana in Cuba, D. punctata in Cuba and the Cayman Islands, and D. leporina, the Brazilian agouti, in the Virgin Islands and the Lesser Antilles.

  • Dasyproctidae (mammal family)

    paca: …are agoutis and acouchys (family Dasyproctidae). Both families belong to the suborder Hystricognatha, which includes guinea pigs and chinchillas. No paca fossils have been discovered.

  • Dasypus (mammal genus)

    armadillo: Classification and paleontology: Dasypodinae Genus Dasypus (long-nosed armadillos) Six species, including the nine-banded armadillo, D. novemcinctus. One Peruvian species found in the Andes Mountains has dense hair covering the carapace. Subfamily Euphractinae Genus Chaetophractus (hairy armadillos or peludos)

  • Dasypus hybridus (mammal)

    armadillo: Natural history: The mulita (D. hybridus) repeatedly utters a guttural monosyllabic sound similar to the rapid fluttering of a human tongue.

  • Dasypus novemcinctus (mammal)

    armadillo: The three-, six-, and nine-banded armadillos are named for the number of movable bands in their armour. Only one species, the nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), is found in the United States. Its range has expanded into several southern states since it was first observed in Texas during the 1800s.…

  • dasyu (people)

    Dasyu, an aboriginal people in India who were encountered by the Indo-European-speaking peoples who entered northern India about 1500 bce. They were described by the Indo-Europeans as a dark-skinned, harsh-spoken people who worshipped the phallus. Some Western scholars who view the lingam (a Hindu

  • dasyurid (marsupial)

    Dasyurid, any member of a family (Dasyuridae) of marsupial mammals that includes the quolls (formerly called “native cats”), antechinus and dunnarts (formerly known as “marsupial mice and rats”), Tasmanian Devil, and their allies. All of the approximately 60 species occur in New Guinea, the Aru

  • Dasyuridae (marsupial)

    Dasyurid, any member of a family (Dasyuridae) of marsupial mammals that includes the quolls (formerly called “native cats”), antechinus and dunnarts (formerly known as “marsupial mice and rats”), Tasmanian Devil, and their allies. All of the approximately 60 species occur in New Guinea, the Aru

  • Dasyuroides byrnei (marsupial)

    Crest-tailed marsupial rat, (Dasyuroides byrnei), rare ratlike mammal of the family Dasyuridae (order Marsupialia), native to the desert and grasslands of central Australia. It averages about 17.5 cm (7 inches) in length, with about a 13.5-centimetre (5-inch) tail. The soft dense fur is a light g

  • Dasyuromorphia (order of marsupials)

    marsupial: Classification: Order Dasyuromorphia (carnivorous marsupials) 60 or so species in 2 families, not including the extinct Tasmanian wolf, or thylacine, sole member of family Thylacinidae. Family Dasyuridae (antechinus, dunnarts, dasyures, dibblers, kowari, marsupial mice,

  • Dasyurus (marsupial)

    Native cat, any of the catlike Australian marsupials that make up the genus Dasyurus in the family Dasyuridae. All native cats are predators that hunt chiefly at night. Because they sometimes raid poultry yards, native cats have been persecuted and in some regions are extinct. Also contributing to

  • Dasyurus albopunctatus (marsupial)

    native cat: …generally smaller, as is the New Guinea native cat (D. albopunctatus), which occupies a variety of habitats on its native island. The largest species, the spotted-tailed native cat (D. maculatus, also called the tiger cat), has a length of 75 to 130 cm, including its 35- to 55-cm tail. This…

  • Dasyurus geoffroii (marsupial)

    native cat: The western native cat (D. geoffroii) of the savannahs of southwestern and central Australia is almost the same size but has a relatively longer tail. The northern native cat (D. hallucatus) of tropical regions is generally smaller, as is the New Guinea native cat (D. albopunctatus),…

  • Dasyurus hallucatus (marsupial)

    native cat: The northern native cat (D. hallucatus) of tropical regions is generally smaller, as is the New Guinea native cat (D. albopunctatus), which occupies a variety of habitats on its native island. The largest species, the spotted-tailed native cat (D. maculatus, also called the tiger cat), has…

  • Dasyurus maculatus (marsupial)

    native cat: The largest species, the spotted-tailed native cat (D. maculatus, also called the tiger cat), has a length of 75 to 130 cm, including its 35- to 55-cm tail. This species occurs in the dense, moist forests of Tasmania and eastern Australia.

  • Dasyurus quoll (marsupial)

    native cat: The eastern native cat (D. viverrinus, or D. quoll), surviving chiefly in the forests and open country of Tasmania, is 55 to 75 centimetres (22 to 30 inches) long, including its 20- to 30-cm tail. The western native cat (D. geoffroii) of the savannahs of southwestern…

  • Dasyurus viverrinus (marsupial)

    native cat: The eastern native cat (D. viverrinus, or D. quoll), surviving chiefly in the forests and open country of Tasmania, is 55 to 75 centimetres (22 to 30 inches) long, including its 20- to 30-cm tail. The western native cat (D. geoffroii) of the savannahs of southwestern…

  • Daszyński, Ignacy (Polish statesman)

    Ignacy Daszyński, Polish socialist leader and patriot who was prominent in the restoration of the Polish Republic after World War I. In October 1892 Daszyński was one of the organizers of the Polish Social Democratic Party in Galicia. He was elected to the Austrian Reichsrat in 1897 and was a

  • DAT (abilities test)

    aptitude test: The Differential Aptitude Test (DAT) measures specific abilities such as clerical speed and mechanical reasoning as well as general academic ability.

  • DAT (sound recording)

    digital sound recording: In the late 1980s digital audio tape (DAT) recorders using magnetic tape cassettes became available for audio reproduction and recording. The DAT recorder converts audio signals into digital data on a magnetic tape by means of a microprocessor and converts the data back into analog audio signals that can…

  • Data (work by Euclid)

    Euclid: Other writings: …the first group is the Data (from the first Greek word in the book, dedomena [“given”]), a disparate collection of 94 advanced geometric propositions that all take the following form: given some item or property, then other items or properties are also “given”—that is, they can be determined. Some of…

  • data (science)

    principles of physical science: Compilation of data: Technical design, whether of laboratory instruments or for industry and commerce, depends on knowledge of the properties of materials (density, strength, electrical conductivity, etc.), some of which can only be found by very elaborate experiments (e.g., those dealing with the masses and excited states…

  • data (computing)

    information processing: Recording techniques: …is commonly referred to as data, and its analog counterpart is called source data. Vast quantities of nondocument analog data are collected, digitized, and compressed automatically by means of appropriate instruments in fields such as astronomy, environmental monitoring, scientific experimentation and modeling, and national security. The capture of information generated…

  • DATA (international organization)

    Bono: …eventually helped found in 2002 Debt AIDS Trade Africa (DATA), a policy and advocacy organization that seeks to eradicate poverty, hunger, and the spread of AIDS in Africa through public awareness campaigns and in-country partnerships. That year he appeared on the cover of Time magazine with the legend “Can Bono…

  • data base (computer science)

    Database, any collection of data, or information, that is specially organized for rapid search and retrieval by a computer. Databases are structured to facilitate the storage, retrieval, modification, and deletion of data in conjunction with various data-processing operations. A database management

  • data block (computing)
  • data centre (computing)

    cloud computing: Data centres and privacy: Construction of the large data centres that run cloud-computing services often requires investments of hundreds of millions of dollars. The centres typically contain thousands of server computers networked together into parallel-processing or grid-computing systems. The centres also often employ sophisticated virtualization…

  • data collection (sociology)

    sociology: Data collection: Research techniques vary depending on the social phenomena studied. Data-collection techniques differ from participant observation, content analysis, interviewing, and documentary analysis. In this approach each problem studied requires a specific unit of observation, be it an individual, an organization, a city, a relationship…

  • data compaction (computing)

    Data compression, the process of reducing the amount of data needed for the storage or transmission of a given piece of information, typically by the use of encoding techniques. Compression predates digital technology, having been used in Morse Code, which assigned the shortest codes to the most

  • data compression (computing)

    Data compression, the process of reducing the amount of data needed for the storage or transmission of a given piece of information, typically by the use of encoding techniques. Compression predates digital technology, having been used in Morse Code, which assigned the shortest codes to the most

  • Data Deficient (IUCN species status)

    endangered species: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: …and abundant after careful assessment Data Deficient (DD), a condition applied to species in which the amount of available data related to its risk of extinction is lacking in some way. Consequently, a complete assessment cannot be performed. Thus, unlike the other categories in this list, this category does not…

  • data encapsulation (computing)

    computer science: Programming languages: …the addition of support for data encapsulation, which gave rise to object-oriented languages. The original object-oriented language was called Smalltalk, in which all programs were represented as collections of objects communicating with each other via message-passing. An object is a set of data together with the methods (functions) that can…

  • data encryption (cryptology)

    Data encryption, the process of disguising information as “ciphertext,” or data unintelligible to an unauthorized person. Conversely, decryption, or decipherment, is the process of converting ciphertext back into its original format. Manual encryption has been used since Roman times, but the term

  • Data Encryption Standard (cryptology)

    Data Encryption Standard (DES), an early data encryption standard endorsed by the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS; now the National Institute of Standards and Technology). It was phased out at the start of the 21st century by a more secure encryption standard, known as the Advanced

  • data glove (device)

    virtual reality: Entertainment: …the iconic significance of the data glove in the emergence of VR in commerce and popular culture. Data gloves relay a user’s hand and finger movements to a VR system, which then translates the wearer’s gestures into manipulations of virtual objects. The first data glove, developed in 1977 at the…

  • data integrity (computing)

    computer science: Information management: Data integrity refers to designing a DBMS that ensures the correctness and stability of its data across all applications that access the system. When a database is designed, integrity checking is enabled by specifying the data type of each column in the table. For example,…

  • data mining (computer science)

    Data mining, in computer science, the process of discovering interesting and useful patterns and relationships in large volumes of data. The field combines tools from statistics and artificial intelligence (such as neural networks and machine learning) with database management to analyze large

  • data processing (computer science)

    Data processing, Manipulation of data by a computer. It includes the conversion of raw data to machine-readable form, flow of data through the CPU and memory to output devices, and formatting or transformation of output. Any use of computers to perform defined operations on data can be included

  • Data Protect Limited (computer service)

    Megaupload, popular file-sharing computer service created by entrepreneur Kim Schmitz that was shut down in 2012 by the United States government after its founders were charged for violating antipiracy laws. It was based in Hong Kong. In 2003 Schmitz, a native of Germany, moved to Hong Kong and

  • data protection (privacy law)

    Data protection, species of privacy law that controls access to information relating to the individual. Typically, data protection provides individuals with the right to see data held about themselves and to require correction. Beyond that, data protection determines how organizations holding data

  • data retrieval (computing)

    information processing: Information searching and retrieval: State-of-the-art approaches to retrieving information employ two generic techniques: (1) matching words in the query against the database index (key-word searching) and (2) traversing the database with the aid of hypertext or hypermedia links.

  • data set (computer science)

    data mining: …large digital collections, known as data sets. Data mining is widely used in business (insurance, banking, retail), science research (astronomy, medicine), and government security (detection of criminals and terrorists).

  • data structure (computer science)

    Data structure, way in which data are stored for efficient search and retrieval. Different data structures are suited for different problems. Some data structures are useful for simple general problems, such as retrieving data that has been stored with a specific identifier. For example, an online

  • data transmission (computer science)

    Data transmission, Sending and receiving data via cables (e.g., telephone lines or fibre optics) or wireless relay systems. Because ordinary telephone circuits pass signals that fall within the frequency range of voice communication (about 300–3,500 hertz), the high frequencies associated with data

  • data warehousing (computing)

    computer: Internet and collaborative software: …information has given rise to data warehousing and data mining. The former is a term for unstructured collections of data and the latter a term for its analysis. Data mining uses statistics and other mathematical tools to find patterns of information. For more information concerning business on the Internet, see…

  • dāta-bar (Iranian judge)

    ancient Iran: The organization and achievement of the Achaemenian Empire: …called by the Iranian word dāta-bar. These were probably the judges of the imperial courts.

  • data-driven business intelligence system (information system)

    information system: Decision support systems and business intelligence: The primary objective of data-driven business intelligence systems is to analyze large pools of data, accumulated over long periods of time in data warehouses, in a process known as data mining. Data mining aims to discover significant patterns, such as sequences (buying a new house, followed by a new…

  • data-link layer (OSI level)

    computer science: Networking and communication: The data-link layer handles standard-sized “packets” of data and adds reliability in the form of error detection and flow control bits. The network and transport layers break messages into the standard-size packets and route them to their destinations. The session layer supports interactions between applications on…

  • data-link level (OSI level)

    computer science: Networking and communication: The data-link layer handles standard-sized “packets” of data and adds reliability in the form of error detection and flow control bits. The network and transport layers break messages into the standard-size packets and route them to their destinations. The session layer supports interactions between applications on…

  • database (computer science)

    Database, any collection of data, or information, that is specially organized for rapid search and retrieval by a computer. Databases are structured to facilitate the storage, retrieval, modification, and deletion of data in conjunction with various data-processing operations. A database management

  • database management system (computing)

    Database management system (DBMS), System for quick search and retrieval of information from a database. The DBMS determines how data are stored and retrieved. It must address problems such as security, accuracy, consistency among different records, response time, and memory requirements. These

  • database model (computer science)

    computer science: Information management: …hence the need for a database model emerges. Historically, three different types of database models have been developed to support the linkage of records of different types: (1) the hierarchical model, in which record types are linked in a treelike structure (e.g., employee records might be grouped under records describing…

  • datagram scheme (communications)

    telecommunications network: Switched communications network: …network in a connectionless or datagram scheme. Since datagrams may not arrive at the destination in the order in which they were sent, they are numbered so that they can be properly reassembled. The latter is the method that is used for transmitting data through the Internet.

  • Datang-Xiyu-Ji (work by Xuanzang)

    Xuanzang: …his translations, Xuanzang composed the Datang-Xiyu-Ji (“Records of the Western Regions of the Great Tang Dynasty”), the great record of the various countries passed through during his journey. Out of veneration for this intrepid and devout Buddhist monk and pilgrim, the Tang emperor canceled all audiences for three days after…

  • Datapoint 2200 (computer terminal)

    John Frassanito: …design team that created the Datapoint 2200 (1972), the desktop terminal that was the direct ancestor of the personal computer, or PC.

  • Datapost

    postal system: Postal operations and management: One such service is express mail, known under different service names according to the country (Express Mail in the United States, Datapost in Great Britain and Germany). At additional cost, this service, in which about half the UPU membership participates, provides expedited conveyance and individualized priority handling of correspondence…

  • date (chronology)

    diplomatics: Form and content of documents: The date given on a document might be either that of legal enactment (actum) or that of the issue of the document recording the (already performed) legal enactment (datum). The form in which dates are given in a document is of particular import in determining its…

  • Date (paintings by Kawara)

    On Kawara: …perhaps his best-known project, the Today series (sometimes known as the Date series). For the project, on every day he was so inclined, Kawara made a monochromatic painting upon which in white paint he carefully painted the date on which the painting was made. He followed several rules: any painting…

  • date (fruit)

    date palm: Physical description: The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupe, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety. More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg (18 pounds)…

  • Date Line

    International Date Line, imaginary line extending between the North Pole and the South Pole and arbitrarily demarcating each calendar day from the next. It corresponds along most of its length to the 180th meridian of longitude but deviates eastward through the Bering Strait to avoid dividing

  • date list (Babylonian chronology)

    chronology: Babylonian chronology before 747 bc: …lists of these names, called year lists or date lists, constitute as reliable a source in Babylonian chronology as the eponym lists do in Assyrian chronology. One of the events which almost invariably gave a name to the following year was the accession of a new king. Hence, the first…

  • date mussel (mollusk)

    bivalve: Importance: Date mussels (Lithophaga) bore into rocks and corals. Marine mussels (family Mytilidae) foul ships, buoys, and wharves; they may also block seawater intakes into the cooling systems of power stations. The freshwater zebra mussel (family Dreissenidae) feeds on phytoplankton and proliferates rapidly, clogging water-intake pipes…

  • Date Night (film by Levy [2010])

    Steve Carell: …starred opposite Tina Fey in Date Night, a comedy about mistaken identity, and he played a cheerfully oblivious misfit in the screwball comedy Dinner for Schmucks. That year he also provided the voice of Gru, a super-villain who plots to steal the Moon, in the animated Despicable Me; he reprised…

  • date palm (plant)

    Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of

  • date rape

    Date rape, a term used largely in industrialized countries to describe the forcing or coercing of a victim into unwanted sexual activity by a friend, romantic suitor, or peer through violence, verbal pressure, misuse of authority, use of incapacitating substances, or threat of violence. Although

  • Dateline (American television program)

    Television in the United States: The newsmagazines: …series became very successful, including Dateline (NBC, begun 1992), which, by 1999, was being aired five nights per week. 20/20 was extended to two nights weekly in 1997 and again to four in 1998 when it absorbed another ailing newsmagazine, Primetime Live (ABC, 1989–98; it emerged again in 2000 as…

  • Dathenus, Petrus (Flemish preacher)

    Jan van Hembyze: …and the leading Calvinist preacher, Petrus Dathenus, Hembyze led some 2,000 troops and Calvinist townspeople in battle against their Catholic neighbours on Oct. 28, 1577. He arrested Philip de Croy, duke of Aerschot, the stadholder of Flanders, as well as Ghent’s several Catholic magistrates, and replaced them with 18 Calvinists,…

  • Datia (India)

    Datia, city, northern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies in a region of low hills between rivers, about 40 miles (65 km) southeast of Gwalior. The city takes its name from Dantavakra, a mythological demon ruler of the area. Surrounded by a stone wall, the city was the capital of Datia

  • Datil (plateau, United States)

    Colorado Plateau: The Datil section is in the province’s southeast, in Arizona and New Mexico. It is a land of mesas and valleys and is distinguished by its volcanic features, including lava flows and volcanic necks.

  • datim leumim (religious movement)

    fundamentalism: Religious Zionism: Despite the hostility of most Orthodox rabbis, Zionism aroused considerable enthusiasm among many Orthodox Jews who saw in it the promise of the long-awaited messianic redemption. Some Orthodox rabbis, therefore, sought to legitimate Orthodox participation in the Zionist movement. Rabbi Yitz?aq Ya?aqov Reines…

  • dating (courtship)

    marriage: Marital customs and laws: …individuals choose their own mates, dating is the most typical way for people to meet and become acquainted with prospective partners. Successful dating may result in courtship, which then usually leads to marriage.

  • dating (geochronology)

    Dating, in geology, determining a chronology or calendar of events in the history of Earth, using to a large degree the evidence of organic evolution in the sedimentary rocks accumulated through geologic time in marine and continental environments. To date past events, processes, formations, and

  • Dating Game, The (American television show)

    Chuck Barris: …the iconic 1960s game shows The Dating Game and The Newlywed Game but was perhaps best remembered as the creator and host of the comic talent show The Gong Show, which originally aired from 1976 to 1978.

  • Datini, Francesco (Italian merchant and banker)

    Francesco Datini, Italian international merchant and banker whose business and private papers, preserved in Prato, constitute one of the most important archives of the economic history of the Middle Ages. Datini lost both parents, two brothers, and a sister in Prato to the Black Death of 1348.

  • Datini, Francesco di Marco da Prato (Italian merchant and banker)

    Francesco Datini, Italian international merchant and banker whose business and private papers, preserved in Prato, constitute one of the most important archives of the economic history of the Middle Ages. Datini lost both parents, two brothers, and a sister in Prato to the Black Death of 1348.

  • Datis (Median general)

    Darius I: Fortification of the empire: …490 bc another force under Datis, a Mede, destroyed Eretria and enslaved its inhabitants but was defeated by the Athenians at Marathon. Preparations for a third expedition were delayed by an insurrection in Egypt, and Darius died in 486 bc before they were completed.

  • Datisca (plant genus)

    Cucurbitales: Other families: There is one genus, Datisca, with two species, one growing in western North America and the other growing from Crete to India. The leaves are deeply divided to pinnately compound. The flowers are of two sexes; there are no petals; and the styles are borne toward the margin of…

  • Datisca cannabina (plant)

    Datiscaceae: Datisca cannabina, which is found from the Mediterranean eastward to Central Asia, is a hemplike plant, 2 metres (7 feet) high, that has leaves with three to seven alternate, toothed leaflets. The female plants have sprays of yellow flowers, and a yellow dye is derived…

  • Datisca glomerata (plant)

    Datiscaceae: Durango root (D. glomerata), native in coastal ranges of southwestern North America, grows to 1.25 metres (4 feet) tall and has deeply cut leaflets and inconspicuous flowers.

  • Datiscaceae (plant family)

    Datiscaceae, family of the squash order (Cucurbitales) of flowering plants, with one genus. Datisca cannabina, which is found from the Mediterranean eastward to Central Asia, is a hemplike plant, 2 metres (7 feet) high, that has leaves with three to seven alternate, toothed leaflets. The female

  • Datisi (syllogistic)

    history of logic: Syllogisms: figure: Darapti, Disamis, Datisi, Felapton,

  • dative case (grammar)

    Armenian language: Morphology and syntax: had seven cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, ablative, instrumental, and locative. However, many of these forms overlapped so that usually only three or four different forms existed; e.g., ?am ‘time’ was both nominative and accusative, ?amê was ablative, and ?amu was genitive, dative, instrumental, and locative. A special form of…

  • dative covalent bond (chemistry)

    acid–base reaction: Reactions of Lewis acids: …bond is termed semipolar or coordinate, as in the reaction of boron trifluoride with ammonia:

  • Datnioides (fish genus)

    tripletail: …contains two genera (Lobotes and Datnioides), with members of the first genus found in tropical or warm temperate marine waters and those of the second found in brackish or freshwater environments. The name tripletail refers specifically to Lobotes surinamensis, the largest species in the family, which reaches a length of…

  • Dato Iradier, Eduardo (premier of Spain)

    Eduardo Dato Iradier, Spanish statesman, leader of the Conservative Party from 1913 to 1921, and three-time premier. He instituted various reforms but proved unable to deal effectively with unrest or to heal the divisions within his party. As undersecretary in the Home Office in 1892 and as

  • datolite (mineral)

    Datolite, an uncommon mineral, calcium borosilicate, CaBSiO4(OH), that occurs as white or colourless veins and cavity linings in basic igneous rocks and in metallic-ore veins. Some notable deposits exist in the United States: Westfield, Mass.; Bergen Hill, N.J.; and the Lake Superior copper

  • Datong (China)

    Datong, city, northern Shanxi sheng (province), northern China. The city is situated at the northern limits of traditional Chinese settlement, just south of the Great Wall on a fertile plain watered by the Sanggan River and its tributaries. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 1,028,730; (2007 est.) urban

  • Datong, Lake (water works, China)

    Dongting Lake: Called Lake Datong, it is regulated by a great barrage (dam) across the Taiping Stream entrance to Dongting Lake. Between the 1930s and the 1950s, much of the land along the lake banks and inside the dikes surrounding Dongting Lake was reclaimed, a process hastened by…

  • Datongshu (work by Kang Youwei)

    Kang Youwei: …completed at this time was The Great Commonwealth (Datongshu), in which he envisaged a utopian world attainable through successive stages of human development, a world where the barriers of race, religion, state, class, sex, and family would be removed and where there would be an egalitarian, communal society under a…

  • Datsun (Japanese company)

    Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., Japanese industrial corporation that manufactures automobiles, trucks, and buses under the names Nissan and Datsun. The company also designs and manufactures such products as communications satellites, pleasure boats, and machinery. Headquarters are in Tokyo. The company

  • Datta, Michael Madhusudan (Indian author)

    Michael Madhusudan Datta, poet and dramatist, the first great poet of modern Bengali literature. Datta was a dynamic, erratic personality and an original genius of a high order. He was educated at the Hindu College, Calcutta, the cultural home of the Western-educated Bengali middle class. In 1843

  • Datta, Narendranath (Hindu leader)

    Vivekananda, Hindu spiritual leader and reformer in India who attempted to combine Indian spirituality with Western material progress, maintaining that the two supplemented and complemented one another. His Absolute was a person’s own higher self; to labour for the benefit of humanity was the

  • Datta, Sudhindranath (Indian poet)

    South Asian arts: Bengali: One of these was Sudhindranath Datta, a poet much like Pound in careful and etymological use of language; another is the poet and prose writer Buddhadeva Bose.

  • Dattassa (Turkey)

    Muwatallis: …the more southerly city of Dattassa. In the meantime, his brother Hattusilis III fought with the Kaska in the north (the only troublesome Hittite satellite during Muwatallis’ reign) and was installed as viceroy of the “Upper Country” east of Hattusas. Later, after Muwatallis’ son, Urhi-Teshub (Mursilis III), succeeded him, Hattusilis…

  • datu (Filipino chieftain)

    Philippines: Pre-Spanish history: …under the leadership of a datu, or chieftain. The barangay, which ordinarily numbered no more than a few hundred individuals, was usually the largest stable economic and political unit.

  • Datuk Hussein Bin Onn (prime minister of Malaysia)

    Hussein Onn, Malaysian politician and prime minister (1976–81) of a multiracial coalition government. During World War II Hussein fought with the Indian army and with the British forces that in 1945 freed Malaya from Japanese occupation. In 1946 he joined his politician father Onn Bin Jaafar in

  • Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak (prime minister of Malaysia)

    Najib Razak, Malaysian politician who served as prime minister of Malaysia from 2009 to 2018. Najib Razak was born into a political family; his father, Abdul Razak, was Malaysia’s prime minister from 1970 to 1976, and his uncle, Hussein Onn, was prime minister from 1976 to 1981. Najib Razak

  • datum (surveying)

    surveying: Triangulation: …selected level surface called a datum. In large-level surveys the usual datum is the geoid. The elevation taken as zero for the reference datum is the height of mean sea level determined by a series of observations at various points along the seashore taken continuously for a period of 19…

  • datum per manus (diplomatics)

    diplomatics: The papal chancery: There followed another clause, the great dating formula, datum per manus (“given by the hand of…”), naming a high chancery official and giving the date by reference to the regnal years of both emperor and pope. Both were used in documents containing decrees of permanent legal force, which came to…

  • datura (plant)

    Datura, (genus Datura), genus of about nine species of poisonous flowering plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Several Datura species are collected for use as drugs, and others are cultivated for their showy flowers. Many are considered weeds in warm parts of the world and commonly grow

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