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  • duckbill cat (fish)

    Paddlefish, (Polyodon spathula), archaic freshwater fish with a paddlelike snout, a wide mouth, smooth skin, and a cartilaginous skeleton. A relative of the sturgeon, the paddlefish makes up the family Polyodontidae in the order Acipenseriformes. A paddlefish feeds with its mouth gaping open and

  • duckbilled platypus (monotreme)

    Platypus, (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), a small amphibious Australian mammal noted for its odd combination of primitive features and special adaptations, especially the flat, almost comical bill that early observers thought was that of a duck sewn onto the body of a mammal. Adding to its distinctive

  • Duckeodendraceae (plant family)

    Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S.

  • ducking stool (punishment)

    cucking and ducking stools: ducking stools, a method of punishment by means of humiliation, beating, or death. The cucking stool (also known as a “scolding stool” or a “stool of repentance”) was in most cases a commode or toilet, placed in public view, upon which the targeted person was…

  • duckpins (game)

    Duckpins, bowling game played on a standard tenpin lane with smaller pins and balls. Duckpins are 9.4 inches (23.3 cm) tall. The ball that is used to knock the pins down is a maximum of 5 inches in diameter and 3 pounds 12 ounces (1.7 kg) in weight, and it has no finger holes. Three balls may be

  • Duckworth v. Eagan (law case)

    confession: Confession in contemporary U.S. law: …of Miranda was announced in Duckworth v. Eagan (1989), in which the court asserted that it is not necessary for police to read the Miranda warnings in the same words used in the decision itself. In Pennsylvania v. Muniz (1990), the court further limited Miranda by holding that when police…

  • Duckworth, Kendrick Lamar (American musician)

    Kendrick Lamar, American rapper who achieved critical and commercial success with such albums as good kid, m.A.A.d city (2012) and To Pimp a Butterfly (2015). Duckworth grew up in a high-crime area of Compton, where, ironically, his parents had moved to escape a violent milieu in Chicago. He began

  • Duckworth, Ladda Tammy (United States senator)

    Tammy Duckworth, American politician who was elected to the U.S. Senate as a Democrat in 2016 and began representing Illinois the following year. She previously was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (2013–17). Duckworth was born in Bangkok, the daughter of an American development-aid

  • Duckworth, Ruth (German-born American artist)

    Ruth Duckworth, (Ruth Windmüller), German-born American artist (born April 10, 1919, Hamburg, Ger.—died Oct. 18, 2009, Chicago, Ill.), created abstract works in clay and bronze that ranged from small ceramic pieces to large-scale public installations and murals. Duckworth moved from Germany to

  • Duckworth, Sir John (British admiral)

    Battle of Santo Domingo: …British squadron was led by Admiral Duckworth, who annoyed his superiors by abandoning the blockade of Cádiz to take up the pursuit. The French had headed for the island of Santo Domingo, a Spanish colony then under French occupation. The British closed in on 6 February 1806, with seven ships…

  • Duckworth, Tammy (United States senator)

    Tammy Duckworth, American politician who was elected to the U.S. Senate as a Democrat in 2016 and began representing Illinois the following year. She previously was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (2013–17). Duckworth was born in Bangkok, the daughter of an American development-aid

  • Duclerc, Jean-Fran?ois (French pirate)

    piracy: …pirates of South America was Jean-Fran?ois Duclerc, a Frenchman who preyed on ships in the area around Guanabara Bay (southeastern Brazil between Niterói and Rio de Janeiro). The exploits of these and other pirates later inspired a sizable genre of popular romantic and children’s literature, perhaps best exemplified by Robert…

  • Ducommun, élie (Swiss author)

    élie Ducommun, Swiss writer and editor who in 1902, with Charles-Albert Gobat, won the Nobel Prize for Peace. After working as a magazine and newspaper editor in Geneva and Bern, Ducommun spent most of his career as general secretary of the Jura-Simplon Railway. His spare time, however, was spent

  • Ducos du Hauron, Arthur-Louis (French physicist and inventor)

    Louis Ducos du Hauron, French physicist and inventor who in 1869 developed the so-called trichrome process of colour photography, a key 19th-century contribution to photography. Ducos du Hauron was the son of a tax collector. He began experimenting in his 20s and on March 1, 1864, patented (but did

  • Ducos du Hauron, Louis (French physicist and inventor)

    Louis Ducos du Hauron, French physicist and inventor who in 1869 developed the so-called trichrome process of colour photography, a key 19th-century contribution to photography. Ducos du Hauron was the son of a tax collector. He began experimenting in his 20s and on March 1, 1864, patented (but did

  • Ducret, Roger (French fencer)

    Luigi Barbasetti: pupils, including Lucien Gaudin and Roger Ducret, both of whom competed for France in three Olympics—1920, 1924, and 1928—Gaudin winning four gold and two silver fencing medals and Ducret three gold, four silver, and one bronze.

  • Ducrey’s bacillus (microbiology)

    chancroid: …area, caused by the bacillus Haemophilus ducreyi. It is characterized by the appearance, 3–5 days after exposure, of a painful, shallow ulcer at the site of infection. Such an ulcer is termed a soft chancre, as opposed to a hard chancre, which is the characteristic lesion of the primary stage…

  • Ducrow, Andrew (British equestrian)

    Andrew Ducrow, spectacular British equestrian performer and an originator of horsemanship acts. Ducrow’s father, a Belgian strong man who came to England in 1793, trained him from infancy in tumbling, riding, and rope dancing. Ducrow later developed a horsemanship act, “The Courier of St.

  • duct flute (musical instrument)

    Fipple flute, any of several end-blown flutes having a plug (“block,” or “fipple”) inside the pipe below the mouth hole, forming a flue, duct, or windway that directs the player’s breath alternately above and below the sharp edge of a lateral hole. This arrangement causes the enclosed air column to

  • duct of Cuvier (anatomy)

    circulatory system: The blood vessels: …each side, often called the duct of Cuvier, which carries blood ventrally into the sinus venosus. Various other veins join the cardinal veins from all over the body. The ventral jugular veins drain the lower part of the head and take blood directly into the common cardinal veins.

  • duct of Santorini (anatomy)

    pancreas: Anatomy and exocrine and endocrine functions: …individuals a smaller duct (the duct of Santorini) also empties into the duodenum. Enzymes active in the digestion of carbohydrates, fat, and protein continuously flow from the pancreas through these ducts. Their flow is controlled by the vagus nerve and by the hormones secretin and cholecystokinin, which are produced in…

  • duct of Wirsung (anatomy)

    pancreas: Anatomy and exocrine and endocrine functions: A large main duct, the duct of Wirsung, collects pancreatic juice and empties into the duodenum. In many individuals a smaller duct (the duct of Santorini) also empties into the duodenum. Enzymes active in the digestion of carbohydrates, fat, and protein continuously flow from the pancreas through these ducts. Their…

  • ductal carcinoma (pathology)

    breast cancer: Types of breast cancer: …are called lobular carcinomas and ductal carcinomas. Because these tissues are glandular, both cancers are called adenocarcinomas. The most common type of tumour, called infiltrating ductal carcinoma, is a single, hard, barely movable lump. This type of tumour accounts for about 70 percent of all cases. Fewer than 15 percent…

  • ductile fracture (mechanics)

    mechanics of solids: Dislocations: …could be going on in ductile crystals and could provide an explanation of the low plastic shear strength of typical ductile solids, much as Griffith’s cracks explained low fracture strength under tension. In this case, the displacement on the dislocated surface corresponds to one atomic lattice spacing in the crystal.…

  • ductile iron (metallurgy)

    aqueduct: Ductile iron, a stronger and more elastic type of cast iron, is one of the most common materials now used for smaller underground pipes (secondary feeders), which supply water to local communities.

  • ductility (physics)

    Ductility, Capacity of a material to deform permanently (e.g., stretch, bend, or spread) in response to stress. Most common steels, for example, are quite ductile and hence can accommodate local stress concentrations. Brittle materials, such as glass, cannot accommodate concentrations of stress

  • ducting (physics and communications)

    telecommunications media: Line-of-sight microwave links: …the Earth’s curvature—a phenomenon called ducting.

  • ductuli efferentes (anatomy)

    epididyme: …tightly coiled ducts called the ductuli efferentes. The cells lining the ductuli have pigment granules, secretory granules, and cilia (hairlike structures). In the head region of the epididymis, all the ductuli efferentes connect to one large vessel, the ductus epididymidis. This duct is also extremely coiled, being about 4 to…

  • ductus arteriosus (anatomy)

    Ductus arteriosus, Channel between the pulmonary artery and the aorta in the fetus, which bypasses the lungs to distribute oxygen received through the placenta from the mother’s blood. It normally closes once the baby is born and the lungs inflate, separating the pulmonary and systemic

  • ductus deferens (anatomy)

    Ductus deferens, thick-walled tube in the male reproductive system that transports sperm cells from the epididymis, where the sperm are stored prior to ejaculation. Each ductus deferens ends in an enlarged portion, an ampulla, which acts as a reservoir. There are two ductus deferentes, identical in

  • ductus epididymidis (anatomy)

    ductus deferens: …larger than that of the ductus epididymidis, the tube found in the epididymis gland from which it originates. The tissue lining the inside wall is a moist and folded layer of mucous membrane. Surrounding the mucous membrane are three layers of circular and longitudinal muscle fibres. These fibres cause the…

  • ductus venosus (anatomy)

    human cardiovascular system: Human fetal circulation: …of a vessel called the ductus venosus. From the inferior vena cava, the blood enters the right atrium, then passes through the foramen ovale into the left atrium; from there it moves into the left ventricle and out through the aorta, which pumps the oxygenated blood to the head and…

  • Duda, Andrzej (president of Poland)

    Jaros?aw Kaczyński: In May Andrzej Duda battled his way into a runoff election with Komorowski, which Duda then won. The woman who had guided Duda’s victorious campaign, Beata Szyd?o, was chosen to lead the PiS into the October election for the Sejm. She was poised to become prime minister…

  • Dudamel, Gustavo (Venezuelan conductor)

    Gustavo Dudamel, Venezuelan conductor and music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra (2009– ) who earned acclaim for his ability to draw fresh, dynamic performances from orchestras. By the age of five, Dudamel had begun studies with the National System of Youth and Children’s

  • Dudayev, Dzhokhar (president of Chechnya)

    Dzhokhar Dudayev, Chechen separatist leader and former Soviet military officer (born 1944, U.S.S.R.—died April 21, 1996, near Gekhi-Chu, Chechnya, Russia), made a declaration of Chechen independence, after his victory in Chechnya’s 1991 presidential election, that resulted in prolonged fighting

  • Duddell, William (British craftsman)

    electronic instrument: Precursors of electronic instruments: …by purely electric means was William Duddell’s singing arc, in which the rate of pulsation of an exposed electric arc was determined by a resonant circuit consisting of an inductor and a capacitor. Demonstrated in London in 1899, Duddell’s instrument was controlled by a keyboard, which enabled the player to…

  • Dude and the Zen Master, The (work by Bridges and Glassman)

    Jeff Bridges: …Buddhist master Bernie Glassman on The Dude and the Zen Master (2012), a volume of observations and meditations that drew on the epically sanguine “Dude” persona he evinced in The Big Lebowski.

  • Dudek, Louis (Canadian poet and publisher)

    Louis Dudek, Canadian poet noted for his development of the nonnarrative long poem. Educated at McGill University (where he later taught) and Columbia University, Dudek was a highly influential editor and critic. His poetic output includes East of the City (1946); The Transparent Sea (1956), love

  • Dudeney, Henry (English author)

    number game: 20th century: Among British contributors, Henry Dudeney, a contributor to the Strand Magazine, published several very popular collections of puzzles that have been reprinted from time to time (1917–67). The first edition of W.W. Rouse Ball’s Mathematical Recreations and Essays appeared in 1892; it soon became a classic, largely because…

  • Dudevant, Amantine-Lucile-Aurore (French novelist)

    George Sand, French Romantic writer known primarily for her so-called rustic novels. She was brought up at Nohant, near La Chatre in Berry, the country home of her grandmother. There she gained the profound love and understanding of the countryside that were to inform most of her works. In 1817 she

  • Dudh (people)

    Kha?iā: The Dhelkī and the Dudh, both of whom speak the Kha?iā language, recognize each other—but not the Hill Kha?iā—as Kha?iā.

  • Dudinka (Russia)

    Dudinka, city and administrative centre of the former Taymyr autonomous okrug (district), now in Krasnoyarsk kray (territory), north-central Russia. A port on the lower Yenisey River, it was founded in 1667 and became a city in 1951. Dudinka exports nickel from the mines at Norilsk, with which it

  • Dudinskaya, Natalya Mikhaylovna (Ukrainian-Russian dancer)

    Natalya Mikhaylovna Dudinskaya, Ukrainian-born Russian ballerina (born Aug. 21, 1912, Kharkiv, Ukraine, Russian Empire—died Jan. 29, 2003, St. Petersburg, Russia), was prima ballerina of the Kirov (now Mariinsky) Ballet. Celebrated for her virtuosity and her pure classical technique during her p

  • Dudintsev, Vladimir Dmitriyevich (Russian writer)

    Vladimir Dmitriyevich Dudintsev, Russian dissident writer whose controversial novel Ne khlebom yedinim (1957; "Not by Bread Alone"), a condemnation of Soviet bureaucracy, caused a sensation when it was serialized in the mid-1950s and denounced by the government (b. July 29, 1918, Kupyansk,

  • Dudley (historic town, England, United Kingdom)

    Dudley: The historic town of Dudley (the administrative centre) and surrounding areas at the centre of the borough are part of the historic county of Worcestershire, as are southern neighbourhoods such as Stourbridge and Halesowen. Northern and western sections of the borough—such as Amblecote, Kingswinford, and Sedgeley—lie in…

  • Dudley (metropolitan borough, England, United Kingdom)

    Dudley, metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of West Midlands, west-central England, at the western edge of the metropolitan county. The historic town of Dudley (the administrative centre) and surrounding areas at the centre of the borough are part of the historic county of Worcestershire, as

  • Dudley diamond (diamond)

    Star of South Africa, first large diamond found in South Africa; it was discovered in 1869 on the banks of the Orange River by an African shepherd boy, who traded it to a Boer settler for 500 sheep, 10 oxen, and a horse. It weighed about 84 carats in rough form and was cut to about 48 carats. When

  • Dudley, Anne (American poet)

    Anne Bradstreet, one of the first poets to write English verse in the American colonies. Long considered primarily of historical interest, she won critical acceptance in the 20th century as a writer of enduring verse, particularly for her sequence of religious poems, “Contemplations,” written for

  • Dudley, Anne (British composer)
  • Dudley, Caroline Louise (American actress)

    Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress with a sweeping, highly dramatic style, often called “the American Sarah Bernhardt.” Carter grew up in Dayton, Ohio (from 1870, after her father’s death), and was educated at Cooper Seminary. In 1880, at age 17, she married Leslie Carter, a Chicago socialite.

  • Dudley, Charles Benjamin (American engineer)

    Charles Benjamin Dudley, American chemical engineer who helped found the science of materials testing. Entering Yale College in 1867, Dudley worked his way through school as a night editor on the New Haven Palladium and eventually earned his Ph.D. from the Sheffield Scientific School, as well as

  • Dudley, Dud (English ironmaster)

    Dud Dudley, English ironmaster usually credited with having been the first to smelt iron ore with coke, which is a hard, foamlike mass of almost pure carbon made from bituminous coal. Charcoal, made from wood, had been exclusively used for smelting iron until Dudley began experimenting with coke,

  • Dudley, Edmund (English statesman and author)

    Edmund Dudley, minister of King Henry VII of England and author of a political allegory, The Tree of Commonwealth (1509). In 1506 Dudley was “president of the king’s council,” a small body of lawyers and fiscal administrators that helped reestablish the payment of feudal dues and of fines for

  • Dudley, Jane (American dancer)

    Jane Dudley, American dancer, choreographer, and teacher (born April 3, 1912, New York, N.Y.—died Sept. 19, 2001, London, Eng.), was influential in the development of modern dance in three countries. In the U.S. she danced with Martha Graham’s company from 1937 to 1944 and frequently thereafter a

  • Dudley, John, Duke of Northumberland (English politician and soldier)

    John Dudley, duke of Northumberland, English politician and soldier who was virtual ruler of England from 1549 to 1553, during the minority of King Edward VI. Almost all historical sources regard him as an unscrupulous schemer whose policies undermined England’s political stability. His father,

  • Dudley, Lady Jane (queen of England)

    Lady Jane Grey, titular queen of England for nine days in 1553. Beautiful and intelligent, she reluctantly allowed herself at age 15 to be put on the throne by unscrupulous politicians; her subsequent execution by Mary Tudor aroused universal sympathy. Lady Jane was the great-granddaughter of Henry

  • Dudley, Leon (British composer)

    Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, eccentric English composer known for his complex musical works combining free rhythms, elements of Asiatic melodic construction, and European polyphonic structures. Dudley was of Parsi, Sicilian, and Spanish descent and spent most of his life in England. As a young man

  • Dudley, Lord Guildford (English noble)

    Lady Jane Grey: …marrying her to his son, Lord Guildford Dudley. Her Protestantism, which was extreme, made her the natural candidate for the throne of those who supported the Reformation, such as Northumberland. With the support of Northumberland, who had persuaded the dying Edward to set aside his half-sisters Mary and Elizabeth in…

  • Dudley, Robert, earl of Leicester, Baron Denbigh (English noble)

    Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, favourite and possible lover of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Handsome and immensely ambitious, he failed to win the Queen’s hand in marriage but remained her close friend to the end of his life. His arrogance, however, undermined his effectiveness as a political

  • Dudley, Sir Robert (English noble)

    Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, favourite and possible lover of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Handsome and immensely ambitious, he failed to win the Queen’s hand in marriage but remained her close friend to the end of his life. His arrogance, however, undermined his effectiveness as a political

  • Dudley, Sir Robert (English engineer)

    Sir Robert Dudley, English sailor, engineer, and titular duke of Northumberland and earl of Warwick who wrote a well-known treatise, Dell’Arcano del mare (3 vol., 1646–47; “Concerning the Secret of the Sea”), that contained the sum of contemporary knowledge of navigation. Proposing to explore

  • Dudley, Thomas (British colonial governor)

    Thomas Dudley, British colonial governor of Massachusetts, for many years the most influential man in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, save for John Winthrop. Dudley was the son of a country gentleman in England. After being converted to Puritanism he joined with other Lincolnshire gentlemen in the

  • Dudo of Saint-Quentin (French historian)

    Dudo of Saint-Quentin, historian of the first dukes of Normandy; his chronicle is a primary source for the early history of the Norman state. A canon of Saint-Quentin, Dudo was sent by the count of Vermandois to Rouen in 986 to petition for Norman aid against Hugh Capet, founder of the Capetian

  • Dudok, Willem Marinus (Dutch architect)

    Willem Marinus Dudok, Dutch architect whose work is related both to the school of Amsterdam, which emphasized individual expression, and to the De Stijl group, which stressed geometric form. He attended the Royal Military Academy at Breda and remained in the army until 1913. He became municipal

  • Dudon of Saint-Quentin (French historian)

    Dudo of Saint-Quentin, historian of the first dukes of Normandy; his chronicle is a primary source for the early history of the Norman state. A canon of Saint-Quentin, Dudo was sent by the count of Vermandois to Rouen in 986 to petition for Norman aid against Hugh Capet, founder of the Capetian

  • dUDP (chemical compound)

    metabolism: Deoxyribonucleotides: Deoxyuridine diphosphate (dUDP) is first converted to dUMP, by reaction [69] proceeding from right to left. Deoxyuridylic acid then accepts a methyl group (CH3―) in a reaction catalyzed by an enzyme (thymidylate synthetase) with the vitamin folic acid as a coenzyme; the product is dTMP…

  • Dudzeele, Jacosa van (Flemish nun)

    Hans Memling: …was commissioned by two nuns, Jacosa van Dudzeele and Anna van den Moortele, who are portrayed at one end of the composition kneeling before Mary. This reliquary, completed in 1489, is in the form of a diminutive chapel with six painted panels filling the areas along the sides where stained…

  • due città, Le (work by Soldati)

    Italian literature: Other writings: … (1953; The Capri Letters) and Le due città (1964; “The Two Cities”)—and in a later novel, L’incendio (1981; “The Fire”), which takes a quizzical look at the modern art business—showed himself to be a consistently skilled and entertaining narrator. There are many other accomplished authors who could be classified in…

  • Due Date (film by Phillips [2010])

    Robert Downey, Jr.: …father-to-be in the road-trip comedy Due Date (2010). He took a supporting role in Iron Man director Jon Favreau’s pet project, Chef (2014), before playing a lawyer defending his father (Robert Duvall), who is accused of vehicular homicide, in The Judge (2014). He reprised the role of Tony Stark in…

  • due diligence

    Due diligence, a standard of vigilance, attentiveness, and care often exercised in various professional and societal settings. The effort is measured by the circumstances under which it is applied, with the expectation that it will be conducted with a level of reasonableness and prudence

  • due process (law)

    Due process, a course of legal proceedings according to rules and principles that have been established in a system of jurisprudence for the enforcement and protection of private rights. In each case, due process contemplates an exercise of the powers of government as the law permits and sanctions,

  • due-care theory (consumer law)

    warranty: Social and ethical implications: …on sellers are contract theory, due-care theory, and strict-liability theory. Each essentially attaches a guarantee to the product intended to promote product safety, quality, and conformity. Although it does not compel a warranty, the due-care theory pushes manufacturers to avoid negligence and to act reasonably to protect consumers in the…

  • Dueim, El- (Sudan)

    Al-Duwaym, city, central Sudan. It lies on the western bank of the White Nile River, about 87 miles (140 km) southwest of Wad Madanī, located at an elevation of 1,253 feet (382 metres). It is an agricultural centre for the surrounding area, which produces cotton, cereals, oilseeds, peanuts

  • duel

    Duel, a combat between persons, armed with lethal weapons, which is held according to prearranged rules to settle a quarrel or a point of honour. It is an alternative to having recourse to the usual process of justice. The judicial duel, or trial by battle, was the earliest form of dueling. Caesar

  • Duel (film by Spielberg [1971])

    Steven Spielberg: Early life and work: …made his first television movie, Duel, a taut, almost claustrophobic exercise in psychosis that was more intense than typical TV fare (it was released theatrically in Europe). Although Spielberg permitted star Dennis Weaver—who played a motorist chased by a homicidal truck driver—to register a one-note impression of sweaty terror throughout…

  • Duel at Diablo (film by Nelson [1966])

    Bibi Andersson: …part outside Sweden was in Duel at Diablo (1966), which was followed by a number of other American film roles, including I Never Promised You a Rose Garden (1977) and Quintet (1979). She also appeared in Bergman’s finest film of the 1970s, Scener ur ett ?ktenskap (1974; Scenes from a…

  • Duel in the Sun (film by Vidor [1946])

    William Dieterle: Middle years: …saloon scene for King Vidor’s Duel in the Sun (1946).

  • Duel, The (ballet by Dollar)

    William Dollar: …originally staged in 1949 as Le Combat for Roland Petit’s Ballets de Paris. His later works included The Leaf and the Wind (1954) and Mendelssohn Concerto (1958). He worked with ballet companies in Brazil, Japan, and Monte Carlo.

  • Duel, The (work by Kuprin)

    Aleksandr Ivanovich Kuprin: …fame came with Poyedinok (1905; The Duel), a realistically sordid picture of the emptiness of life in a remote military garrison. Its appearance during the Russo-Japanese War coincided with and confirmed a national wave of antimilitary sentiment. Kuprin wrote prolifically; his subjects might be best described by the title of…

  • dueling

    Duel, a combat between persons, armed with lethal weapons, which is held according to prearranged rules to settle a quarrel or a point of honour. It is an alternative to having recourse to the usual process of justice. The judicial duel, or trial by battle, was the earliest form of dueling. Caesar

  • Duellists, The (film by Scott [1977])

    Ridley Scott: His first was The Duellists, set in Napoleonic France, which won the best first-feature award at the Cannes film festival. His next three films were fantasies: Alien (1979), a science-fiction–horror story; Blade Runner (1982; recut 1992), a dystopian fable (based on a Philip K. Dick novel) notable for…

  • Duellona (Roman goddess)

    Bellona, in Roman religion, goddess of war, identified with the Greek Enyo. Sometimes known as the sister or wife of Mars, she has also been identified with his female cult partner Nerio. Her temple at Rome stood in the Campus Martius, outside the city’s gates near the Circus Flaminius and the

  • Duelo en el paraíso (novel by Goytisolo)

    Juan Goytisolo: Duelo en el paraíso (1955; Children of Chaos), set just after the Spanish Civil War, is about the violence that ensues when children gain power over a small town. After the publication of Fin de fiesta (1962; The Party’s Over), four stories about marriage, his style grew more experimental. The…

  • Due?as, Francisco (president of El Salvador)

    El Salvador: A coffee republic: The presidency of Francisco Due?as (1863–71) pointed toward greater political stability for the country. Real change, however, came when his overthrow in 1871 marked the beginning of a 60-year period of rule by liberals, who focused on the pursuit of economic growth and domestic tranquility. Late in the…

  • duende satírico del día, El (Spanish newspaper)

    Mariano José de Larra: …Larra published his own newspaper, El duende satírico del día, for which he wrote his first journalistic essays. He later published another paper, El pobrecito hablador (1832–33), and then became drama critic for the nation’s finest newspaper, La revista espa?ola, under the pen name Fígaro. In 1834 his play Macías…

  • Duenna, The (play by Sheridan)

    Richard Brinsley Sheridan: Theatrical career: …well-worn materials is seen in The Duenna, produced the following November. The characters are generally undeveloped, but the intrigue of the plot and charming lyrics and the music by his father-in-law, Thomas Linley, and his son gave this ballad opera great popularity. Its 75 performances exceeded the 62, a record…

  • Duenos inscription (epigraphy)

    Latin alphabet: …the Roman Forum, and the Duenos inscription on a vase found near the Quirinal (a hill in Rome) probably dates to the 6th century bc. Although experts disagree on the dating of these objects, the inscriptions are generally considered to be the oldest extant examples of the Latin alphabet.

  • Duer, Alice Maude (American author)

    Alice Duer Miller, American writer whose work—mostly her light, entertaining novels set among the upper classes—were frequently adapted for stage and film. Alice Duer was of a wealthy and distinguished family and grew up on an estate in Weehawken, New Jersey. The family fortune was lost in a

  • Duero Valley (region, Europe)

    Spain: Society, economy, and culture: …possible the colonization of the Duero valley, where fortified urban centres (concejos), each surrounded by a broad dependent rural area, were established. Royal charters (fueros) set down the rights and obligations of the settlers and allowed them to choose their own magistrates (alcaldes) and to govern themselves. The basis of…

  • Duero, Río (river, Europe)

    Douro River, third longest river of the Iberian Peninsula, draining a catchment area of 30,539 square miles (79,096 square km). Rising in the Sierra de Urbión in Spain, the river crosses the Numantian Plateau in a pronounced bend and flows generally westward for 556 miles (895 km) across Spain and

  • Duerson, Dave (American football player)

    Dave Duerson, (David Russell Duerson), American football player (born Nov. 28, 1960, Muncie, Ind.—died Feb. 17, 2011, Sunny Isles Beach, Fla.), was a durable safety (1983–89) for the Chicago Bears professional football team and helped the Bears capture the 1985 Super Bowl against the New England

  • Duerson, David Russell (American football player)

    Dave Duerson, (David Russell Duerson), American football player (born Nov. 28, 1960, Muncie, Ind.—died Feb. 17, 2011, Sunny Isles Beach, Fla.), was a durable safety (1983–89) for the Chicago Bears professional football team and helped the Bears capture the 1985 Super Bowl against the New England

  • Duesbury, William (British potter)

    pottery: 18th-century developments: …first mastered the technique was William Duesbury. Established as a decorator in London by 1751, he concentrated on painting porcelain, but he also seems to have overglaze-painted stoneware from Staffordshire. Some extant brilliantly painted figures are probably from his studio. A little earlier than Duesbury’s overglaze-painted figures are the uncoloured…

  • Duése, Jacques (pope)

    John XXII, second Avignon pope (reigned 1316–34), who centralized church administration, condemned the Spiritual Franciscans, expanded papal control over the appointment of bishops, and, against Emperor Louis IV, upheld papal authority over imperial elections. Born of a wealthy bourgeois family at

  • Duesenberg (American car)

    automobile: The age of the classic cars: …and Voisin of France; the Duesenberg, Cadillac, Packard, and Pierce-Arrow of the United States; the Horch, Maybach, and Mercedes-Benz of Germany; the Belgian Minerva; and the Italian Isotta-Fraschini. These were costly

  • Duesenberry, J. S. (American economist)

    economic growth: Demand and supply: …developed by the American economist J.S. Duesenberry. In the Duesenberry model, spending propensities of consumers and investors are such as to generate steady growth in demand. Assume that instead of spending nine-tenths of any change in income on consumer goods, as in the multiplier example above, they choose to spend…

  • Duet (dance by Taylor)

    Paul Taylor: His avant-garde works ranged from Duet (1957), in which he and his partner remained motionless for four minutes, to Orbs (1966), an hour-long composition to Beethoven’s last string quartets. Other well-known dances included Three Epitaphs (1956), Aureole (1962), Scudorama (1963), The Book of Beasts (1971), Esplanade and Runes (1975), Cloven…

  • duet (music)

    chamber music: Sources and instruments: …were called variously solo sonatas, duos, or sonate a due. The combinations of violin and continuo or cello and continuo were favoured, and sonatas for those combinations took regular places in the chamber-music field.

  • Duets II (album by Bennett)

    Tony Bennett: …first number one album with Duets II (2011), which featured “Body and Soul,” a collaboration with Amy Winehouse. At age 85 he was the oldest living artist to date to top the Billboard charts. “Body and Soul” won a Grammy for best pop performance by a duo or group, and…

  • Duets on Ice (work by Anderson)

    Laurie Anderson: In Duets on Ice, another early piece, Anderson wore ice skates frozen in blocks of ice; she then proceeded to play a duet with herself on an altered violin that she described as like a “ventriloquist’s dummy”—she replaced the bow hair with prerecorded audiotape and the…

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