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  • dominant (music)

    Dominant, in music, the fifth tone or degree of a diatonic scale (i.e., any of the major or minor scales of the tonal harmonic system), or the triad built upon this degree. In the key of C, for example, the dominant degree is the note G; the dominant triad is formed by the notes G–B–D in the key of

  • dominant estate (property law)

    servitude: …the benefited parcel the “dominant estate.” Benefits and burdens that run with the land are “appurtenant” (i.e., they must be used for specific property) and cannot generally be detached from the land with which they are associated. Because appurtenant benefits and burdens cannot be assigned (transferred) or delegated to…

  • dominant trait (genetics)

    Dominance, in genetics, greater influence by one of a pair of genes (alleles) that affect the same inherited character. If an individual pea plant with the alleles T and t (T = tallness, t = shortness) is the same height as a TT individual, the T allele (and the trait of tallness) is said to be

  • dominant wavelength (physics)

    colour: Tristimulus measurement and chromaticity diagrams: …is possible to determine the dominant wavelength of the pigment colour, 511.9 nm. The colour of the pigment is the visual equivalent of adding white light and light of 511.9 nm in amounts proportional to the lengths n (the distance between points E and W) and m (the distance between…

  • dominate (Roman emperors)

    dominus: …often referred to as the dominate (dominatus), as contrasted with the earlier principate (principatus) of Augustus and his successors. Some earlier emperors, such as Caligula (reigned ad 37–41), however, also had used the title. By Trajan’s day it was the common form of address to the emperor.

  • Dominations and Powers (book by Santayana)

    George Santayana: Santayana’s system of philosophy: …now he was immersed in Dominations and Powers (1951), an analysis of man in society; and then with heroic tenacity—for he was nearly deaf and half blind—he gave himself to translating Lorenzo de’ Medici’s love poem, “Ambra,” during which he was overtaken by his last illness. He died in September…

  • dominator-modulator theory (neurophysiology)

    Ragnar Arthur Granit: …optic nerve, Granit formed his “dominator-modulator” theory of colour vision. In this theory he proposed that in addition to the three kinds of photosensitive cones—the colour receptors in the retina—which respond to different portions of the light spectrum, some optic nerve fibres (dominators) are sensitive to the whole spectrum while…

  • dominatus (Roman emperors)

    dominus: …often referred to as the dominate (dominatus), as contrasted with the earlier principate (principatus) of Augustus and his successors. Some earlier emperors, such as Caligula (reigned ad 37–41), however, also had used the title. By Trajan’s day it was the common form of address to the emperor.

  • Domine, Quo Vadis? (painting by Carracci)

    Annibale Carracci: …his finest religious paintings, notably Domine, Quo Vadis? (1601–02) and the Pietà (c. 1607). These works feature weighty, powerful figures in dramatically simple compositions. The lunette-shaped landscapes that Annibale painted for the Palazzo Aldobrandini, especially the Flight into Egypt and the Entombment (both c. 1604), proved important in the subsequent…

  • Domingo, Plácido (Spanish-born singer)

    Plácido Domingo, Spanish-born singer, conductor, and opera administrator whose resonant, powerful tenor voice, imposing physical stature, good looks, and dramatic ability made him one of the most popular tenors of his time. Domingo’s parents were noted performers in zarzuela, a form of Spanish

  • Domínguez Bastida, Gustavo Adolfo (Spanish author)

    Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, poet and author of the late Romantic period who is considered one of the first modern Spanish poets. Orphaned by age 11, Bécquer was strongly influenced by his painter brother, Valeriano. He moved to Madrid in 1854 in pursuit of a literary career, and from 1861 to 1868 he

  • Domínguez Camargo, Hernando (Colombian poet)

    Latin American literature: The Barroco de Indias: …in colonial Latin America was Hernando Domínguez Camargo, a Jesuit born in Bogotá. Domínguez Camargo wrote a voluminous epic, Poema heroico de San Ignacio de Loyola (1666; “Heroic Poem in Praise of St. Ignatius Loyola”), praising the founder of the Jesuit order, but he is best remembered for a short…

  • Domínguez, Oralia (Mexican opera singer)

    Oralia Domínguez, Mexican opera singer (born Oct. 25, 1925, San Luis Potosí, Mex.—died Nov. 25, 2013, Milan, Italy), captivated audiences with her rich mezzo-soprano voice and vibrant personality. She was especially memorable in humorous or character roles, such as Mistress Quickly in Giuseppe

  • Dominguín (Spanish matador)

    Dominguín, Spanish matador, one of the major bullfighters of the mid-20th century. He was an international celebrity in his day, known as much for his hobnobbing with the rich and famous as for his bullfighting. The son of a matador of the same name, Dominguín was a child prodigy, appearing at age

  • domini (Roman title)

    Dominus, in ancient Rome, “master,” or “owner,” particularly of slaves. The name became the official title for the emperor, beginning with Diocletian, who reigned from ad 284 to 305; and thus he and his successors are often referred to as the dominate (dominatus), as contrasted with the earlier p

  • Domini, Rey (American poet and author)

    Audre Lorde, American poet, essayist, and autobiographer known for her passionate writings on lesbian feminism and racial issues. The daughter of Grenadan parents, Lorde attended Hunter College and received a B.A. in 1959 and a master’s degree in library science in 1961. She married in 1962 and

  • Dominic of the Mother of God (Italian mystic)

    Blessed Domenico Barberi, mystic and Passionist who worked as a missionary in England. Born a peasant and raised without any formal education, Barberi entered the Passionist order as a lay brother and was ordained a priest in 1818. In 1821, when he had finished his studies, he became lecturer in

  • Dominic, Foreign Mission Sisters of St. (Roman Catholic congregation)

    Dominican: …these congregations, such as the Maryknoll Sisters, are devoted to work in foreign missions.

  • Dominic, St. (Spanish priest)

    St. Dominic, ; canonized July 3, 1234; feast day August 8), founder of the Order of Friars Preachers (Dominicans), a mendicant religious order with a universal mission of preaching, a centralized organization and government, and a great emphasis on scholarship. Domingo de Guzmán was born in

  • Dominica

    Dominica, island country of the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It lies between the French islands of Guadeloupe and Marie-Galante to the north and Martinique to the south. The country has been a member of the Commonwealth since independence in 1978. The island is 29 miles (47 km)

  • Dominica Channel (channel, West Indies)

    Dominica Channel, marine passage in the Lesser Antilles, West Indies, connecting the Caribbean Sea with the open Atlantic Ocean to the east. It flows between the island of Dominica (north) and the French island and overseas département of Martinique (south) and is about 25 miles (40 km)

  • Dominica Freedom Party (political party, Dominica)

    Dominica: Independence: …initially formed her party, the Dominica Freedom Party (DFP), to oppose legislation limiting freedom of the press. More conservative in her approach than either of her predecessors, she moved Dominica toward closer ties with Barbados. Her government faced several coup attempts in 1981, but those were perhaps less significant than…

  • Dominica, flag of

    national flag consisting of a green field (background) bearing a cross of yellow, black, and white stripes; in the centre of the flag, a red disk bears an imperial parrot encircled by green stars. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of 1 to 2.As a British colony, Dominica obtained a coat of arms

  • dominical letter (calendar cycle)

    Dionysian period: …the same date) and of dominical letters—i.e., correspondences between days of the week and of the month, which recur every 28 years in the same order. The product of 19 and 28 is the interval in years (532) between recurrences of a given phase of the Moon on the same…

  • Dominican Congregation of St. Rose of Lima (Roman Catholic congregation)

    Mother Alphonsa Lathrop: …nun, and founder of the Servants of Relief for Incurable Cancer, a Roman Catholic congregation of nuns affiliated with the Third Order of St. Dominic and dedicated to serving victims of terminal cancer.

  • Dominican Dandy (Dominican [republic] baseball player)

    Juan Antonio Marichal, professional baseball player, the first Latin American to pitch a no-hitter (on June 15, 1963) in the major leagues. (See also Sidebar: Latin Americans in Major League Baseball.) Marichal began playing baseball when he was six years old and soon after decided he would become

  • Dominican Fair (Polish festival)

    Pomorskie: Geography: …music in Sopot and the Dominican Fair (Jarmark Dominikanski), the longest-running event in Gdańsk, which dates to 1260. Notable museums include the National Museum and the Maritime Museum in Gdańsk, the Museum of Middle Pomerania in S?upsk, and the Fishing Museum in Hel.

  • Dominican Liberation Party (political party, Dominican Republic)

    Leonel Fernández Reyna: The presidential candidate of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD), he lost the first round of the elections to the mayor of Santo Domingo, José Francisco Pe?a Gómez, of the Dominican Revolutionary Party. After forming an alliance with the ruling Social Christian Reformist Party, however, Fernández won the second round, held…

  • Dominican order (religious order)

    Dominican, one of the four great mendicant orders of the Roman Catholic Church, founded by St. Dominic in 1215. Its members include friars, nuns, active sisters, and lay Dominicans. From the beginning the order has been a synthesis of the contemplative life and the active ministry. The members live

  • Dominican Republic

    Dominican Republic, country of the West Indies that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola, the second largest island of the Greater Antilles chain in the Caribbean Sea. Haiti, also an independent republic, occupies the western third of the island. The Dominican Republic’s shores are washed

  • Dominican Republic, flag of the

    national flag that is quartered blue-red-blue-red with a central white cross; when the flag is used for official purposes, it incorporates the coat of arms. The width-to-length ratio of the flag is 5 to 8.Christopher Columbus visited the island of Hispaniola in 1492, claiming it for the Spanish

  • Dominican Republic, history of

    Dominican Republic: History: The following discussion focuses on the history of the Dominican Republic from the time of European settlement. For a treatment of the country in its regional context, see West Indies, history of, and Latin America, history of.

  • Dominican Revolutionary Party (political party, Dominican Republic)

    Juan Bosch: …in 1939 founded the leftist Dominican Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Dominicano; PRD). The PRD was the first well-organized political party of the Dominican Republic and the only one with a constructive program ready to implement after Trujillo’s death in 1961. Bosch, a dazzling and charismatic orator, won a landslide victory…

  • Dominican Tertiaries (Roman Catholic congregation)

    Dominican: …these congregations, such as the Maryknoll Sisters, are devoted to work in foreign missions.

  • Dominican University (university, River Forest, Illinois, United States)

    Dominican University, private, coeducational university in the Chicago suburb River Forest, Illinois, U.S. It is affiliated with the Sinsinawa Dominican Sisters, a religious order of the Roman Catholic Church. The school was initially founded in 1848 in Wisconsin as St. Clara Academy, a frontier

  • Dominicana, República

    Dominican Republic, country of the West Indies that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola, the second largest island of the Greater Antilles chain in the Caribbean Sea. Haiti, also an independent republic, occupies the western third of the island. The Dominican Republic’s shores are washed

  • Dominicans of the Third Order (Roman Catholic congregation)

    Dominican: …these congregations, such as the Maryknoll Sisters, are devoted to work in foreign missions.

  • Dominici, Giovanni (Dominican [commonwealth] religious reformer)

    Fra Angelico: San Domenico period: …influenced by the teachings of Giovanni Dominici, the militant leader of the reformed Dominicans; the writings of Dominici defended traditional spirituality against the onslaught of humanism.

  • Dominicus Gundissalinus (Spanish philosopher)

    Domingo Gundisalvo, archdeacon of Segovia, philosopher and linguist whose Latin translations of Greco-Arabic philosophical works contributed to the Latin West’s knowledge of the Eastern Aristotelian and Neoplatonic traditions and advanced the integration of Christian philosophy with the ancient

  • dominio dell’aria, Il (work by Douhet)

    Giulio Douhet: …is Il dominio dell’aria (1921; The Command of the Air, 1942). He challenged the violent opposition it aroused until strategic air power became an accepted part of military thinking. Although technological developments have made some of his ideas obsolete, his theory of the important role of strategic bombing in disorganizing…

  • dominion (British Commonwealth)

    Dominion, the status, prior to 1939, of each of the British Commonwealth countries of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, Eire, and Newfoundland. Although there was no formal definition of dominion status, a pronouncement by the Imperial Conference of 1926 described Great

  • Dominion Arboretum and Botanic Garden, Central Experimental Farm (garden, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)

    Dominion Arboretum and Botanic Garden, Central Experimental Farm, Ottawa, part of the Plant Research Institute of Agriculture Canada (formerly Canada Department of Agriculture). Established in 1889, the arboretum is Canada’s oldest. It occupies 40 hectares (99 acres) and includes about 10,000 kinds

  • Dominion Day (Canadian holiday)

    Canada Day, the national holiday of Canada. The possibility of a confederation between the colonies of British North America was discussed throughout the mid 1800s. On July 1, 1867, a dominion was formed through the British North America Act as approved by the British Parliament. It consisted of

  • Dominion Lands Act (Canada [1872])

    Alberta: History: The Dominion Lands Act of 1872 (which provided low-cost homesteads), the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway (which reached Calgary in 1883), and vigorous promotional campaigns brought an influx of settlers from eastern Canada, the United States, and Europe. By 1901 the population had reached 73,000,…

  • Dominion of New Zealand

    New Zealand, island country in the South Pacific Ocean, the southwesternmost part of Polynesia. New Zealand is a remote land—one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled—and lies more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Australia, its nearest

  • dominion theory (political science)

    United States: The Continental Congress: This belief that the American colonies and other members of the British Empire were distinct states united under the king and thus subject only to the king and not to Parliament was shared by several other delegates, notably James Wilson and John Adams, and strongly influenced…

  • Dominique (novel by Fromentin)

    Dominique, novel by Eugène Fromentin, published in French in 1862 in Revue des deux mondes. The work is known for its psychological analysis of characters who content themselves with the second best in life and love. This poetic novel tells the story of Dominique, who falls in love with the

  • Dominique, Jean Léopold (Haitian journalist)

    Jean Léopold Dominique, Haitian radio journalist (born 1931, Haiti—died April 3, 2000, Port-au-Prince, Haiti), was one of Haiti’s most outspoken political commentators and a leading pro-democracy activist. In the 1960s he began work at Radio Haiti Inter, a prominent radio station that, under D

  • dominium (law)

    property: …in a thing was called dominium, or proprietas (ownership). The classical Roman jurists do not state that their system tends to ascribe proprietas to the current possessor of the thing but that it did so is clear enough. Once the Roman system had identified the proprietarius (the owner), it was…

  • Domino (film by Scott [2005])

    Tom Waits: …Coffee and Cigarettes (2003), and Domino (2005). His saturnine features and gravelly voice perfectly suited him to Mephistophelian roles, and he deployed these attributes to memorable effect as one of the “people in charge” of purgatory in Wristcutters: A Love Story (2006) and as the Devil himself in The Imaginarium…

  • Domino (film by De Palma [2019])

    Brian De Palma: Later work: …McAdams and Noomi Rapace, and Domino (2019).

  • domino (card game)

    Domino, simple gambling card game playable by two to eight players. The full deck of 52 cards is dealt out singly, so some hands may contain one more card than others. All players ante an agreed amount to a betting pool. In some circles anyone dealt one card fewer than others must ante an extra

  • domino (game piece)

    Domino, small, flat, rectangular block used as gaming object. Dominoes are made of rigid material such as wood, bone, or plastic and are variously referred to as bones, pieces, men, stones, or cards. Like playing cards, of which they are a variant, dominoes bear identifying marks on one side and

  • domino effect (international relations)

    Domino theory, theory adopted in U.S. foreign policy after World War II according to which the “fall” of a noncommunist state to communism would precipitate the fall of noncommunist governments in neighbouring states. The theory was first proposed by Pres. Harry S. Truman to justify sending

  • domino theory (international relations)

    Domino theory, theory adopted in U.S. foreign policy after World War II according to which the “fall” of a noncommunist state to communism would precipitate the fall of noncommunist governments in neighbouring states. The theory was first proposed by Pres. Harry S. Truman to justify sending

  • domino whist (game)

    Domino whist, domino game for four players. Partners are drawn for as in the card game whist; the player drawing the highest domino leads. Each player takes seven dominoes, or bones. There are no tricks, trumps, or honours. The bones are played as in ordinary dominoes, a hand being finished when o

  • Domino, Antoine, Jr. (American singer and pianist)

    Fats Domino, American singer and pianist, a rhythm-and-blues star who became one of the first rock-and-roll stars and who helped define the New Orleans sound. Altogether his relaxed, stylized recordings of the 1950s and ’60s sold some 65 million copies, making him one of the most popular performers

  • Domino, Fats (American singer and pianist)

    Fats Domino, American singer and pianist, a rhythm-and-blues star who became one of the first rock-and-roll stars and who helped define the New Orleans sound. Altogether his relaxed, stylized recordings of the 1950s and ’60s sold some 65 million copies, making him one of the most popular performers

  • Dominoes, the (American music group)

    Clyde McPhatter: With McPhatter singing lead, Billy Ward and the Dominoes became one of the era’s preeminent vocal groups, but the martinetish Ward fired McPhatter in 1953 (replacing him with Jackie Wilson). Shortly thereafter, Atlantic Records’ Ahmet Ertegun sought to establish a new group around McPhatter, eventually recruiting former members of…

  • dominus (Roman title)

    Dominus, in ancient Rome, “master,” or “owner,” particularly of slaves. The name became the official title for the emperor, beginning with Diocletian, who reigned from ad 284 to 305; and thus he and his successors are often referred to as the dominate (dominatus), as contrasted with the earlier p

  • Dominus Iesus (Vatican declaration)

    Cormac Murphy-O'Connor: …Britain to the Vatican declaration Dominus Iesus (2000; “The Lord Jesus”), which stated that the Roman Catholic Church was the only instrument of salvation. In his final sermon before his retirement, Murphy-O’Connor issued a controversial critique of secularism that some viewed as a denunciation of atheism. He published The Family…

  • Domitia Longina (wife of Domitian)

    Domitian: …officials, and the emperor’s wife, Domitia Longina (daughter of Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo). Nerva, who took over the government at once, must clearly have been privy. The Senate was overjoyed at Domitian’s death, and his memory was officially condemned, but the army took it badly; the next year they insisted on…

  • Domitian (Roman emperor)

    Domitian, Roman emperor (ad 81–96), known chiefly for the reign of terror under which prominent members of the Senate lived during his last years. Titus Flavius Domitianus was the second son of the future emperor Vespasian and Flavia Domitilla. During the civil war of ad 69 over the imperial crown,

  • Domitien, Elisabeth (prime minister of Central African Republic)

    Elisabeth Domitien, businesswoman and politician who was prime minister of the Central African Republic (1975–76), the first woman to serve as prime minister of a sub-Saharan African country. Active in politics from an early age, Domitien was a supporter of Jean-Bédel Bokassa, who took power in a

  • Domitius Ulpianus (Roman jurist)

    Ulpian, Roman jurist and imperial official whose writings supplied one-third of the total content of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I’s monumental Digest, or Pandects (completed 533). He was a subordinate to Papinian when that older jurist was praetorian prefect (chief adviser to the emperor and

  • Domnici, Itek (American screenwriter)

    I.A.L. Diamond, Romanian-born American screenwriter who worked with director Billy Wilder to produce such motion pictures as Love in the Afternoon (1957), Some Like It Hot (1959), and The Apartment (1960), for which he won an Academy Award for best screenplay. Before graduating from Columbia

  • Domnus (pope)

    Donus, pope from 676 to 678. Elected (August 676) to succeed Adeodatus II, Donus ended a schism created by Archbishop Maurus of Ravenna (whose plan was to make Ravenna ecclesiastically independent) by receiving the obedience of Maurus’ successor Reparatus. Donus is said to have dispersed the M

  • domoic acid (biology)

    algae: Toxicity: …shellfish poisoning is caused by domoic acid produced by diatoms (class Bacillariophyceae), such as Nitzschia pungens and N. pseudodelicatissima. Symptoms of this poisoning in humans progress from abdominal cramps to vomiting to memory loss to disorientation and finally to death.

  • Domontovich, Aleksandra Mikhaylovna (Soviet revolutionary and diplomat)

    Aleksandra Mikhaylovna Kollontay, Russian revolutionary who advocated radical changes in traditional social customs and institutions in Russia and who later, as a Soviet diplomat, became the first woman to serve as an accredited minister to a foreign country. The daughter of a general in the

  • domovoy (Slavic religion)

    Domovoy, in Slavic mythology, a household spirit appearing under various names and having its origin in ancestor worship. A domovoy dwells in any number of places in each home: near the oven, under the doorstep, in the hearth. He never goes out beyond the boundaries of the household. The domovoy

  • Domowina (people)

    Sorb, any member of a Slavic minority living in eastern Germany. The Sorbs are concentrated in the Spree River valley, in the area of Bautzen (Budy?in) and Cottbus. This area was part of the traditional region of Lusatia (q.v.), whose history is intimately bound up with the Sorbs. The Sorbs are d

  • ?omra (caste)

    ?om, widespread and versatile caste of scavengers, musicians, vagabonds, traders, and, sometimes, weavers in northern India and the Himalayas. Some scholars regard the ?oms as originating from an aboriginal tribe. They list seven endogamous subcastes. The ?oms are completely outside Brahminic

  • Domracheva, Darya (Belarusian athlete)

    Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games: Another biathlete, Darya Domracheva of Belarus, made headlines for winning the first Winter Olympic gold medals for a female athlete in her country’s history and also becoming the first female biathlete to win three golds in a single Olympiad.

  • Domrémy-la-Pucelle (France)

    Domrémy-la-Pucelle, village, Vosges département, Grand Est région, northeastern France. It lies on the banks of the Meuse River, 38 miles (61 km) southeast of Bar-le-Duc. Domrémy was where St. Joan of Arc (“la Pucelle”) was born about 1412. The village still has several medieval buildings,

  • Domus (Italian publication)

    Lina Bo Bardi: …she became deputy director of Domus—a magazine founded by Ponti in 1928—and held that position until 1945. In 1945 Domus commissioned Bo Bardi, Pagani, and photographer Federico Patellani to travel through Italy documenting the devastation of World War II. Later that year she collaborated with Pagani and art critic Bruno…

  • domus (dwelling)

    Domus, private family residence of modest to palatial proportions, found primarily in ancient Rome and Pompeii. In contrast to the insula (q.v.), or tenement block, which housed numerous families, the domus was a single-family dwelling divided into two main parts, atrium and peristyle. The more

  • Domus Aurea (palace, Rome, Italy)

    Golden House of Nero, palace in ancient Rome that was constructed by the emperor Nero between ad 65 and 68, after the great fire of 64 (an occasion the emperor used to expropriate an area of more than 200 acres [81 hectares] of land in the centre of the city). Nero had already planned and begun a

  • domus ecclesia (building)

    Western architecture: First period, to ad 313: These domus ecclesiae (“meeting houses” [ecclesia, “assembly, meeting”]) were private homes placed at the disposal of communities by well-to-do members. A spacious room, already existing or fitted out for the occasion, served as chamber of worship, while other rooms were allotted for various activities of the…

  • Domus Sanctae Mariae Theutonicorum in Jerusalem (religious order)

    Teutonic Order, religious order that played a major role in eastern Europe in the late Middle Ages and that underwent various changes in organization and residence from its founding in 1189/90 to the present. Its major residences, marking its major states of development, were: (1) Acre, Palestine

  • Domus Sanctae Marthae (building, Vatican City, Europe)

    conclave: Procedure: …cardinals now reside in the Domus Sanctae Marthae (“St. Martha’s House”), a hotel-like building constructed for visiting clergy during the reign of John Paul II. Strict security measures are taken in order to ensure the secrecy of the procedure. The area of the conclave is completely sealed off for the…

  • Domuyo Volcano (mountain, Argentina)

    Andes Mountains: Physiography of the Southern Andes: …S), and 12,000 feet at Domuyo Volcano (36°38′ S). A line of active volcanoes—including Yate, Corcovado, and Macá—occurs about 40° to 46° S; the southernmost of these, Mount Hudson of Chile, erupted in 1991. Enormous ice fields are located between Mount Fitzroy (called Mount Chaltel in Chile) and Lake Buenos…

  • Don (film by Barot [1978])

    Amitabh Bachchan: …“Wall”), Sholay (1975; “Embers”), and Don (1978). Nicknamed “Big B,” Bachchan personified a new type of action star in Indian films, that of the “angry young man,” rather than the romantic hero. He was often compared to Clint Eastwood—although, unlike Eastwood and other American action stars, Bachchan was renowned for…

  • don (Mafia)

    Mafia: …was a “boss,” or “don,” whose authority could be challenged only by the commission. Each don had an underboss, who functioned as a vice president or deputy director, and a consigliere, or counselor, who had considerable power and influence. Below the underboss were the caporegime, or lieutenants, who, acting…

  • D?n (Celtic goddess)

    D?n, in Celtic mythology, leader of one of two warring families of gods; according to one interpretation, the Children of D?n were the powers of light, constantly in conflict with the Children of Llyr, the powers of darkness. In another view, the conflict was a struggle between indigenous gods and

  • Don Alvaro, o la fuerza del sino (work by Saavedra)

    ángel de Saavedra, duke de Rivas: …rests principally on his play Don álvaro, o la fuerza del sino (“Don álvaro, or the Power of Fate”), which marked the triumph of Romantic drama in Spain.

  • Don Benito (city, Spain)

    Don Benito, city, Badajoz provincia (province), in Extremadura comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), western Spain. It lies about 30 miles (50 km) east of Mérida city. Brandy and chocolate are produced there, and watermelons are grown. Sheep are raised in the vicinity. The city was named for a

  • Don Carlos (opera by Verdi)

    Giuseppe Verdi: The later middle years: …not at the time) with Don Carlos (1867), a setting of another play by Schiller that is for once worthy of the original—and in which religion is portrayed much more harshly, and much more in accordance with Verdi’s lifelong strong anticlerical sentiments, than in Forza. Despite its problematic ending, Don…

  • Don Carlos (play by Schiller)

    Friedrich Schiller: Early years and plays: …toward the end of which Don Carlos, his first major drama in iambic pentameter, was published (1787).

  • Don Cossack (people)

    Cossack: …six major Cossack hosts: the Don, the Greben (in Caucasia), the Yaik (on the middle Ural River), the Volga, the Dnieper, and the Zaporozhian (mainly west of the Dnieper).

  • Don Fabrizio (fictional character)

    Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa: …is a psychological study of Don Fabrizio, prince of Salina (called the Leopard, after his family crest), who witnesses with detachment the transfer of power in Sicily from the old Bourbon aristocracy to the new Kingdom of Italy and the grasping, unscrupulous liberal bourgeoisie during the 1860s. Don Fabrizio’s nephew,…

  • Don Galaz de Buenos Aires (novel by Mujica Láinez)

    Manuel Mujica Láinez: Mujica Láinez’s first novel, Don Galaz de Buenos Aires (1938), was a re-creation of city life in the 17th century. Canto a Buenos Aires (1943), his first literary success, is a poetic chronicle of the foundation and development of the Argentine capital. He solidified his reputation in Argentina with…

  • Don Gil de las calzas verdes (play by Tirso de Molina)

    Tirso de Molina: …situations; and in, for example, Don Gil de las calzas verdes (1635; “Don Gil of the Green Stockings”), he manipulates a complex, rapidly moving plot with exhilarating vitality. His tragedies and comedies are both famous for their clowns, whose wit has a tonic air of spontaneity. Naturalness in diction suited…

  • Don Giovanni (opera by Mozart)

    Don Giovanni, opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Italian libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte) that premiered at the original National Theatre in Prague on October 29, 1787. The opera’s subject is Don Juan, the notorious libertine of fiction, and his eventual descent into hell. For Mozart, it

  • Don Gonzalo González de la Gonzalera (work by Pereda)

    José María de Pereda: …suelto (1878; “The Unfettered Ox”); Don Gonzalo González de la Gonzalera (1879), a satire on the revolution of 1868 and a eulogy of the old patriarchal system of government; and De tal palo tal astilla (1880; “As the Wood, So the Chips”), a protest by a rigid Catholic against the…

  • Don John; or, The Libertine (play by Molière)

    Louis Béjart: …le festin de pierre (1665; Don John; or, The Libertine). He was lamed in a brawl and retired on a pension in 1670.

  • Don Jon (film by Gordon-Levitt [2013])

    Scarlett Johansson: …pornography in the romantic comedy Don Jon and provided the voice of a sentient computer operating system in director Spike Jonze’s romance Her. She played a mysterious alien who drives around Glasgow and abducts men in Under the Skin (2013), a kindhearted restaurant hostess in Chef (2014), a woman who…

  • Don Juan (tone poem by Strauss)

    Don Juan, Op. 20, tone poem for orchestra by German composer Richard Strauss, first performed in Weimar on November 11, 1889. One of the earliest tone poems by Strauss, Don Juan tells of the legendary Spanish libertine Don Juan, who by then already had appeared in works by Mozart and other

  • Don Juan (fictional character)

    Don Juan, fictitious character who is a symbol of libertinism. Originating in popular legend, he was first given literary personality in the tragic drama El burlador de Sevilla (1630; “The Seducer of Seville,” translated in The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest), attributed to the Spanish

  • Don Juan (film by Crosland)

    history of the motion picture: Introduction of sound: 6, 1926, with Don Juan, a lavish costume drama starring John Barrymore, directed by Alan Crosland, and featuring a score performed by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. The response was enthusiastic; Warner Brothers announced that all of its films for 1927 would be released with synchronized musical accompaniment…

  • Don Juan (poem by Byron)

    Lord Byron: Life and career: …would write his greatest poem, Don Juan, a satire in the form of a picaresque verse tale. The first two cantos of Don Juan were begun in 1818 and published in July 1819. Byron transformed the legendary libertine Don Juan into an unsophisticated, innocent young man who, though he delightedly…

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