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  • dolzaina (musical instrument)

    wind instrument: The Renaissance: …nonfunctional curved area, and the dolzaina, appearing much the same as the cornamusa. (The name cornamusa was more often used for a bagpipe.) A loud capped reed was the schryari, made in the three principal sizes. The outer shape was inverse conical, but, because no specimens remain, the contour of…

  • dom (Portuguese title)

    Vasco da Gama: The first voyage: …da Gama the title of dom, an annual pension of 1,000 cruzados, and estates.

  • Dom (mountain, Switzerland)

    Dom, mountain peak, Valais canton, southern Switzerland. Part of the heavily glaciated Pennine Alps, called the Valaisan Alps in Switzerland, it rises to 14,911 feet (4,545 metres). The Dom is the third highest peak of the Alps, after Mont Blanc and Monte Rosa, and is the highest entirely in

  • Dom (people)

    Roma, an ethnic group of traditionally itinerant people who originated in northern India but live in modern times worldwide, principally in Europe. Most Roma speak some form of Romany, a language closely related to the modern Indo-European languages of northern India, as well as the major language

  • ?om (caste)

    ?om, widespread and versatile caste of scavengers, musicians, vagabonds, traders, and, sometimes, weavers in northern India and the Himalayas. Some scholars regard the ?oms as originating from an aboriginal tribe. They list seven endogamous subcastes. The ?oms are completely outside Brahminic

  • Dom Casmurro (work by Machado de Assis)

    Brazilian literature: Emergence of the republic: Dom Casmurro), a fictional autobiography by a narrator who suspects his wife of adultery, an act never proved to have actually occurred, owing to the novel’s first-person narration. While Machado’s penultimate novel, Esaú e Jacó (1904; Esau and Jacob), harbours strong allegorical implications regarding the…

  • Dom Feliciano belt (geological feature, Brazil)

    South America: The Brazilian cycle: …complex Borborema belt and the Dom Feliciano belt in southern Brazil and Uruguay, which resulted from the collision between the Río de la Plata craton and the Kalahari craton of present-day Africa. The Dom Feliciano belt represents a complex suture zone where rocks typical of a late Proterozoic arc system…

  • Dom Juan; ou le festin de pierre (play by Molière)

    Molière: Scandals and successes: …in 1665 a version of Dom Juan; ou, le festin de pierre (“Don Juan; or, The Feast of Stone”) with a spectacular ending in which an atheist is committed to hell—but only after he has amused and scandalized the audience. Dom Juan was meant to be a quick money raiser,…

  • Dom Luís I Bridge (bridge, Douro River, Porto, Portugal)

    Porto: The contemporary city: …by several bridges, notably the Dom Luís I Bridge (591 feet [180 metres]), which was built in 1881–85 from a design by a disciple of the French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel, and the Maria Pia Bridge (1876–77), designed by Eiffel himself. Porto has an international airport and is connected with…

  • Dom Pedro IV Square (square, Lisbon, Portugal)

    Lisbon: City layout: …IV Square, locally known as Rossio Square. Rossio Square is a traditional centre of activity and the starting point of the city’s main promenade, the wide, gently sloping Avenida da Liberdade. This treelined boulevard leads north from the city centre to Marquês de Pombal Circle, which features a statue of…

  • Dom za ve?anje (film by Kusturica [1989])

    Emir Kusturica: Films of the 1980s: …film Dom za ve?anje (1989; Time of the Gypsies) marks a further plunge into the surreal with its portrayal of the almost grotesque atmosphere surrounding a group of Roma (Gypsies). Rich in vivid folk iconography, the movie was influenced by the Serbian film genre of crni talas (“black wave”) from…

  • Doma (Nigeria)

    Gombe, town and traditional emirate, central Gombe state, northeastern Nigeria. Gombe emirate was founded in 1804 by Buba Yero (Abubakar), a follower of the Muslim Fulani leader Usman dan Fodio. The emirate headquarters of Gambe was established about 1824 and renamed Gombe Aba (“Old Gombe”) in

  • DOMA (United States [1996])

    Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), law in force from 1996 to 2013 that specifically denied to same-sex couples all benefits and recognition given to opposite-sex couples. Those benefits included more than 1,000 federal protections and privileges, such as the legal recognition of relationships, access

  • Domagk, Gerhard (German scientist)

    Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist and pathologist who was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery (announced in 1932) of the antibacterial effects of Prontosil, the first of the sulfonamide drugs. Domagk earned a medical degree from the University of Kiel in

  • domain (mathematics)

    modern algebra: Structural axioms: …a set is called an integral domain. For example, the set of integers {…, ?2, ?1, 0, 1, 2, …} is a commutative ring with unity, but it is not a field, because axiom 10 fails. When only axiom 8 fails, a set is known as a division ring or…

  • domain (physics)

    Barkhausen effect: …the size and orientation of ferromagnetic domains, or microscopic clusters of aligned atomic magnets, that occurs during a continuous process of magnetization or demagnetization. The Barkhausen effect offered direct evidence for the existence of ferromagnetic domains, which previously had been postulated theoretically.

  • domain (logic)

    formal logic: Validity in LPC: …of objects, known as a domain. D may contain as many or as few objects as one chooses, but it must contain at least one, and the objects may be of any kind. The other element, V, is a system of value assignments satisfying the following conditions. To each individual…

  • domain (antibody structure)

    immune system: Basic structure of the immunoglobulin molecule: …folded into functional units called domains. Each light chain consists of one variable domain (VL) and one constant domain (CL). Each heavy chain has one variable domain (VH) and three or four constant domains (CH1, CH2, CH3, CH4). Those domains that make up the “tail” of the basic Y-shaped molecule…

  • domain (property law)

    Domain, in Anglo-American law, the absolute and complete ownership of land, or the land itself which is so owned. Domain is the fullest and most superior right of property in land. Domain as a legal concept is derived from the dominium of the Roman law, which included the right of property as well

  • domain name

    Domain name, Address of a computer, organization, or other entity on a TCP/IP network such as the Internet. Domain names are typically in a three-level “server.organization.type” format. The top level, called the top-level domain, has usually denoted the type of organization, such as “com” (for

  • domain name system (network service)

    DNS, network service that converts between World Wide Web “name” addresses and numeric Internet addresses. The concept of a name server came about as a result of the first computer networks in the mid-1970s. Each computer on a network was identified by a unique number, but, as the size of computer

  • domain structure (physics)

    Barkhausen effect: …the size and orientation of ferromagnetic domains, or microscopic clusters of aligned atomic magnets, that occurs during a continuous process of magnetization or demagnetization. The Barkhausen effect offered direct evidence for the existence of ferromagnetic domains, which previously had been postulated theoretically.

  • domaine (French history)

    history of Europe: The peasantry: The domaine was the house with its grounds: there were usually a church and a mill, but not necessarily fields and woods, for those might have been sold. The censives, lands subject to the seigneur, still owed dues even if no longer owned by him. The…

  • Domantis (British company)

    Gregory P. Winter: …was later purchased by AstraZeneca; Domantis in 2000, which was acquired by GlaxoSmithKline in 2006; and Bicycle Therapeutics in 2009, which focused on the chemical synthesis and therapeutic development of small compounds known as bicyclic peptides. Winter received numerous awards and honours throughout his career, including the King Faisal International…

  • Domar, E. D. (American economist)

    economic growth: The role of investment: Harrod and the American economist E.D. Domar put this question in a very simple mathematical form. In their equations, the rate of growth of supply (i.e., the production function as defined above) is equal to the rate of growth of capital stock. Through investment this capital stock is augmented. The…

  • Domari (language)

    Romany languages: …and the more remotely related Domari group of dialects (whose speakers seem to have been the ones to have been given the name gypsy, and also Spanish gitano, French gitan, from Greek Aigyptiakós ‘Egyptian’) by another two and a half million throughout North Africa and West Asia. About a million…

  • Doma?lice (Czech Republic)

    Chodsko: Glassworks were established in Doma?lice in the 18th century. Today Doma?lice is preserved as a historic town under national trust. Clothing, wood carvings, baked goods, dairy products, fruit preserves, and industrial jet looms (modern shuttleless looms) are produced in the region.

  • Doma?lice (district, Czech Republic)

    Chodsko: It roughly corresponds to Doma?lice okres (district), along the border with Germany. The 14th-century “Chode Privileges” granted by King John of Bohemia to the Chods (a Czech-speaking ethnic group) as guardians of the frontier helped shape a distinctive culture and a spirit of Czech nationalism. The documents of the…

  • Doma?lice, Battle of (Bohemian history)

    Chodsko: …the V?erubsky Pass, southwest of Doma?lice, where in 1040 the Bohemian prince B?etislav I defeated the army of the German king Henry III and where in 1431 Hussite troops frightened off a larger Roman Catholic army.

  • ?omb (caste)

    ?om, widespread and versatile caste of scavengers, musicians, vagabonds, traders, and, sometimes, weavers in northern India and the Himalayas. Some scholars regard the ?oms as originating from an aboriginal tribe. They list seven endogamous subcastes. The ?oms are completely outside Brahminic

  • Dombay-Ulgen, Mount (mountain, Russia)

    Karachayevo-Cherkesiya: …13,274 feet (4,046 metres) in Mount Dombay-Ulgen. Cherkessk is the administrative centre. The republic’s scenery is spectacular, with densely forested mountains rising through alpine meadows to rock and ice. Tourism is important.

  • Dombay-Yolgen, Mount (mountain, Russia)

    Karachayevo-Cherkesiya: …13,274 feet (4,046 metres) in Mount Dombay-Ulgen. Cherkessk is the administrative centre. The republic’s scenery is spectacular, with densely forested mountains rising through alpine meadows to rock and ice. Tourism is important.

  • Dombes (historical region, France)

    Dombes, historic region of east-southeastern France, once a sovereign municipality and now included in the département of Ain. From 1032, when the Kingdom of Arles, of which Dombes was part, passed to the Holy Roman emperor Conrad II, effective authority in the region was exercised by local lords.

  • Dombey and Son (novel by Dickens)

    Dombey and Son, novel by Charles Dickens, published in 20 monthly installments during 1846–48 and in book form in 1848. It was a crucial novel in his development, a product of more thorough planning and maturer thought than his earlier serialized books. The title character, Mr. Dombey, is a wealthy

  • Dombrock blood group system (biology)

    Dombrock blood group system, classification of human blood based on the presence of certain glycoproteins, originally only the so-called Do antigens, on the surface of red blood cells. Antibodies to the Dombrock antigen Doa were discovered in 1965 in a patient who had received a blood transfusion;

  • Dombrovskis, Valdis (prime minister of Latvia)

    Latvia: Independence restored: …forged by former opposition leader Valdis Dombrovskis, and a series of economic reforms were pushed through the Saeima. With the Latvian economy showing signs of modest recovery, the Dombrovskis government survived a parliamentary general election in October 2010. A snap election in September 2011 resulted in the pro-Russia Harmony Centre…

  • Dombrowska, Maria (Polish author and critic)

    Maria D?browska, Polish novelist and critic, a major 20th-century writer and moral authority. Born into a relatively impecunious family of landowners, D?browska was educated in Poland, at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland, and then in Belgium. Afterward, she lived in France and Great

  • Dombrowski, Jan Henryk (Polish general)

    Jan Henryk D?browski, general, regarded as a Polish national hero for his part in Tadeusz Ko?ciuszko’s rebellion against Russia (1794); he later organized and commanded the Polish legions in Napoleon’s army. After service in the Saxon Army (1772–92), D?browski joined the Poles to serve against the

  • dome (geology)

    Dome, in geology, any large or elliptical structure formed by the fractureless upwarping of rock strata. It is a type of anticline that lacks clear-cut elongation and that slopes outward in all directions from the highest point. Typical examples of such a dome can be found in the Black Hills of

  • dome (architecture)

    Dome, in architecture, hemispherical structure evolved from the arch, usually forming a ceiling or roof. Domes first appeared as solid mounds and in techniques adaptable only to the smallest buildings, such as round huts and tombs in the ancient Middle East, India, and the Mediterranean. The Romans

  • Dome Land Wilderness (region, California, United States)

    Sequoia National Forest and Giant Sequoia National Monument: Dome Land Wilderness, one of five wilderness areas within the national forest, is a lofty region northeast of Bakersfield containing numerous rock outcroppings.

  • Dome of the Rock (shrine, Jerusalem)

    Dome of the Rock, shrine in Jerusalem built by the Umayyad caliph ?Abd al-Malik ibn Marwān in the late 7th century ce. It is the oldest extant Islamic monument. The rock over which the shrine was built is sacred to both Muslims and Jews. The Prophet Muhammad, founder of Islam, is traditionally

  • dome vizier (Ottoman official)

    vizier: …viziers, known as the “dome viziers,” were appointed to assist the grand vizier, to replace him when he was absent on campaign, and to command armies when required. Later the title vizier was granted to provincial governors and to high officials such as the defterdar (finance officer).

  • dome, volcanic (geology)

    Volcanic dome, any steep-sided mound that is formed when lava reaching the Earth’s surface is so viscous that it cannot flow away readily and accumulates around the vent. Sometimes domes are produced by repeated outpourings of short flows from a summit vent, and, occasionally, extremely viscous

  • Domecq, H. Bustos (Argentine author)

    Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine poet, essayist, and short-story writer whose works became classics of 20th-century world literature. Borges was reared in the then-shabby Palermo district of Buenos Aires, the setting of some of his works. His family, which had been notable in Argentine history,

  • Domecq, H. Bustos (Argentine author)

    Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer and editor, known both for his own work and for his collaborations with Jorge Luis Borges. His elegantly constructed works are oriented toward metaphysical possibilities and employ the fantastic to achieve their meanings. Born into a wealthy family, Bioy

  • Domecq, Honorio Bustos (Argentine author)

    Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine poet, essayist, and short-story writer whose works became classics of 20th-century world literature. Borges was reared in the then-shabby Palermo district of Buenos Aires, the setting of some of his works. His family, which had been notable in Argentine history,

  • Domecq, Honorio Bustos (Argentine author)

    Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer and editor, known both for his own work and for his collaborations with Jorge Luis Borges. His elegantly constructed works are oriented toward metaphysical possibilities and employ the fantastic to achieve their meanings. Born into a wealthy family, Bioy

  • domehead (dinosaur infraorder)

    dinosaur: Pachycephalosauria: In important respects the pachycephalosaurs conformed to the basic ornithopod body plan, and there is some evidence that pachycephalosaurs actually evolved from (and are therefore members of) ornithopods, perhaps similar to hypsilophodontids. All of them appear to have been bipedal. They bore the typical…

  • Dōmei (labour organization, Japan)

    Dōmei, (Japanese: Japanese Confederation of Labour) Japan’s second largest labour union federation until it disbanded in 1987. Dōmei was formed in 1964 by a merger of three politically moderate federations that opposed the leftist stance of the larger and more militant union Sōhyō. Unlike the

  • Dōmei Kaigi (labour organization, Japan)

    Dōmei, (Japanese: Japanese Confederation of Labour) Japan’s second largest labour union federation until it disbanded in 1987. Dōmei was formed in 1964 by a merger of three politically moderate federations that opposed the leftist stance of the larger and more militant union Sōhyō. Unlike the

  • Dōmei Tsūshinsha (Japanese news agency)

    Kyōdō Tsūshinsha: …replace the pre-World War II Dōmei Tsūshinsha (“Federated News Agency”), which had served as the official news service of the Japanese government since 1936. Despite competition from the beginning with the Jiji news agency, formed by Dōmei employees who did not join Kyōdō, the latter gradually gained prestige among Japan’s…

  • Domela, Jan (American visual effects artist)
  • Domenchina, José (Spanish poet)

    Spanish literature: Women poets: …exile (1936–72) with her husband, José Domenchina, a minor poet of the Generation of 1927. Presencia a oscuras (1952; “Presence in Darkness”) reacted to the marginality she felt while in exile and commenced a spiritual quest intensified by Domenchina’s death in 1959. El nombre que me diste (1960; “The Name…

  • Domenichino (Italian painter)

    Domenichino, Italian painter who was a leading practitioner of Baroque classicism in Rome and Bologna. He was trained in the academy of Lodovico Carracci and in 1602 was in Rome, where he joined the Bolognese artists at work under the direction of Annibale Carracci in the decoration of the Farnese

  • Domenichino, Il (Italian conductor)

    Giuseppe Sarti, Italian conductor and composer of liturgical music and more than 50 operas. After studying organ and composition at an early age with Giovanni Battista Martini in Bologna, Sarti became organist of the Faenza cathedral (1748) and director of the theatre there. His first opera, Pompeo

  • Domenico da Cortona, Bernabei (Italian architect)

    Western architecture: Early Renaissance: The Italian architect Bernabei Domenico da Cortona presumably made the basic model for the chateau, but the designs of Italian architects were usually executed by French builders (in this case Pierre Nepveu), often with many changes. Chambord is a tremendous structure, about 500 feet (150 metres) wide, with…

  • Domenico da Pescia, Fra (Italian preacher)

    Girolamo Savonarola: Trial and execution.: …most impassioned of his followers, Fra Domenico da Pescia, brought events to a head. Fra Domenico took at his word a Franciscan who had challenged to ordeal by fire anyone who maintained the invalidity of Savonarola’s excommunication. The Signoria and the whole population of the most civilized city in Italy…

  • Domenico di Bartolomeo (Italian painter)

    Domenico Veneziano, early Italian Renaissance painter, one of the protagonists of the 15th-century Florentine school of painting. Little is known about Domenico Veneziano’s early life and training. He was in Perugia (central Italy) in 1438, and from there he wrote a letter to Piero de’ Medici

  • Domenico di Pace (Italian painter)

    Domenico Beccafumi, Italian painter and sculptor, a leader in the post-Renaissance style known as Mannerism. Beccafumi was the son of a peasant named Giacomo di Pace. He adopted the name of his patron Lorenzo Beccafumi, the owner of the land on which the family lived. About 1510 he went to Rome to

  • Domenico Scarlatti (work by Kirkpatrick)

    Domenico Scarlatti: Later life and keyboard works: Spain: There are also abundant echoes of the festivities of the Spanish court, of the wind instruments and drums of state processions, of the horns and oboes of the royal hunt, of fireworks and artillery salvos, and of the music from the royal barges…

  • Domenico Veneziano (Italian painter)

    Domenico Veneziano, early Italian Renaissance painter, one of the protagonists of the 15th-century Florentine school of painting. Little is known about Domenico Veneziano’s early life and training. He was in Perugia (central Italy) in 1438, and from there he wrote a letter to Piero de’ Medici

  • Domesday Book (English history)

    Domesday Book, the original record or summary of William I’s survey of England. By contemporaries the whole operation was known as “the description of England,” but the popular name Domesday—i.e., “doomsday,” when men face the record from which there is no appeal—was in general use by the mid-12th

  • Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society (American organization)

    Episcopal Church in the United States of America: Early history to the 20th century: …through the work of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society (organized in 1820). Foreign missions were begun in Greece in 1829 and subsequently expanded to other countries.

  • domestic architecture

    architecture: Domestic architecture: Domestic architecture is produced for the social unit: the individual, family, or clan and their dependents, human and animal. It provides shelter and security for the basic physical functions of life and at times also for commercial, industrial, or agricultural activities that involve…

  • domestic cat (domesticated mammal)

    Cat, (Felis catus), domesticated member of the family Felidae, order Carnivora, and the smallest member of that family. Like all felids, domestic cats are characterized by supple low-slung bodies, finely molded heads, long tails that aid in balance, and specialized teeth and claws that adapt them

  • domestic emoluments clause (Constitution of the United States of America)

    Donald Trump: Emoluments clause: During the presidential election campaign, some of Trump’s critics had warned that his presidency could create a unique and immediate constitutional crisis because of his possible violation of the foreign emoluments clause of the U.S. Constitution, which generally prohibits federal officeholders from accepting…

  • domestic fowl (agriculture)

    Poultry, in animal husbandry, birds raised commercially or domestically for meat, eggs, and feathers. Chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese are of primary commercial importance, while guinea fowl and squabs are chiefly of local interest. See also poultry

  • domestic garden

    gardening: Types of gardens: The domestic garden can assume almost any identity the owner wishes within the limits of climate, materials, and means. The size of the plot is one of the main factors, deciding not only the scope but also the kind of display and usage. Limits on space…

  • domestic gas (industrial and domestic)

    occupational disease: Gases: Gases may act as local irritants to inflame mucous surfaces. Common examples include sulfur dioxide, chlorine, and fluorine, which have pungent odours and can severely irritate the eyes and the respiratory tract. Some gases, such as nitrogen oxides and phosgene, are much more insidious.…

  • domestic honeybee (insect)

    beekeeping: Colony collapse disorder: …appears to affect only the European honeybee (Apis mellifera).

  • Domestic Particulars: A Family Chronicle (novel by Busch)

    Frederick Busch: Domestic Particulars: A Family Chronicle (1976), a collection of interlinked short stories, catalogs in vivid detail the everyday lives of people caught up in often futile attempts to express love. The Mutual Friend (1978), which represents a departure for Busch in terms of subject matter,…

  • domestic partnership (sociology)

    Domestic partnership, legal or personal recognition of the committed, marriagelike partnership of a couple. Until the late 20th century the term domestic partnership usually referred to heterosexual couples who lived in a relationship like that of a married couple but who chose not to marry. (After

  • domestic pigeon (bird)

    Domestic pigeon, (Columba livia), bird of the family Columbidae (order Columbiformes) that was perhaps the first bird tamed by man. Figurines, mosaics, and coins have portrayed the domestic pigeon since at least 4500 bc (Mesopotamia). From Egyptian times the pigeon has been important as food. Its

  • domestic policy (political science)

    20th-century international relations: The search for causes: … then applied the “primacy of domestic policy” thesis and hypothesized that all the European powers had courted war as a means of cowing or distracting their working classes and national minorities.

  • domestic relations court (American law)

    family court: …1910, when they were called domestic relations courts. The idea itself is much older. In the 19th century, the Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes was established in England to relieve the ecclesiastical courts of the burden of such cases.

  • Domestic Revival (architectural style)

    Norman Shaw: …his role in the English Domestic Revival movement.

  • domestic science (curriculum)

    Ellen Swallow Richards: …chemist and founder of the home economics movement in the United States.

  • domestic service

    Domestic service, the employment of hired workers by private households for the performance of tasks such as housecleaning, cooking, child care, gardening, and personal service. It also includes the performance of similar tasks for hire in public institutions and businesses, including hotels and

  • domestic sewage (wastewater)

    wastewater treatment: Types of sewage: …types of wastewater, or sewage: domestic sewage, industrial sewage, and storm sewage. Domestic sewage carries used water from houses and apartments; it is also called sanitary sewage. Industrial sewage is used water from manufacturing or chemical processes. Storm sewage, or storm water, is runoff from precipitation that is collected in…

  • domestic shorthair (breed of cat)

    Domestic shorthair, breed of domestic cat often referred to as a common, or alley, cat; a good show animal, however, is purebred and pedigreed and has been carefully bred to conform to a set standard of appearance. The domestic shorthair is required by show standards to be a sturdily built cat with

  • domestic system (economics)

    Domestic system, production system widespread in 17th-century western Europe in which merchant-employers “put out” materials to rural producers who usually worked in their homes but sometimes laboured in workshops or in turn put out work to others. Finished products were returned to the employers

  • domestic tourism (tourism)

    tourism: Day-trippers and domestic tourism: While domestic tourism could be seen as less glamorous and dramatic than international traffic flows, it has been more important to more people over a longer period. From the 1920s the rise of Florida as a destination for American tourists has been characterized…

  • domestic tragedy (drama)

    Domestic tragedy, drama in which the tragic protagonists are ordinary middle-class or lower-class individuals, in contrast to classical and Neoclassical tragedy, in which the protagonists are of kingly or aristocratic rank and their downfall is an affair of state as well as a personal matter. The

  • domestic violence (social and legal concept)

    Domestic violence, social and legal concept that, in the broadest sense, refers to any abuse—including physical, emotional, sexual, or financial—between intimate partners, often living in the same household. The term is often used specifically to designate physical assaults upon women by their male

  • Domestic Work (poetry by Tretheway)

    Natasha Trethewey: Her first volume of poetry, Domestic Work (2000), reflects on the lives of women who work for pay in other people’s households. It was chosen by Dove to be awarded the first Cave Canem Poetry Prize (established in 1999 and given to the best first book by an African American…

  • domesticated Bactrian camel (domesticated mammal)

    camel hair: …gathered from camels of the Bactrian type. Such camels have protective outer coats of coarse fibre that may grow as long as 15 inches (40 cm). The fine, shorter fibre of the insulating undercoat, 1.5–5 inches (4–13 cm) long, is the product generally called camel hair, or camel hair wool.…

  • domesticated silkworm (insect)

    Silkworm moth, (Bombyx mori), lepidopteran whose caterpillar has been used in silk production (sericulture) for thousands of years. Although native to China, the silkworm has been introduced throughout the world and has undergone complete domestication, with the species no longer being found in the

  • domestication (biology and society)

    Domestication, the process of hereditary reorganization of wild animals and plants into domestic and cultivated forms according to the interests of people. In its strictest sense, it refers to the initial stage of human mastery of wild animals and plants. The fundamental distinction of domesticated

  • Domett, Alfred (prime minister of New Zealand)

    Alfred Domett, writer, poet, politician, and prime minister of New Zealand (1862–63), whose idealization of the Maori in his writings contrasts with his support of the punitive control of Maori land. Following study at Cambridge and being admitted to the bar, Domett travelled to New Zealand (1842)

  • domeykite (mineral)

    Domeykite, a copper arsenide mineral (formulated Cu3As) that is often intergrown with algodonite, another copper arsenide. Both are classified among the sulfide minerals, although they contain no sulfur. They occur in Chile, in Keweenaw County, Mich., and in other localities. Domeykite

  • Domeyko, Cordillera (mountain range, South America)

    Cordillera Domeyko, range of the Andes Mountains in northern Chile. The mountains rise to more than 16,000 feet (4,900 metres) and extend about 230 miles (370 km) between the Atacama Desert to the west and the Atacama Plateau to the

  • Domica-Aggtelek Cave (cave, Slovakia-Hungary)

    Carpathian Mountains: Physiography: …such large caves as the Domica-Aggtelek Cave on the Slovak-Hungarian boundary, which is 13 miles long. Mountain groups of volcanic origin are important in this part of the Carpathians; the largest among them is Pol’ana (4,784 feet).

  • domicile

    Domicile, in law, a person’s dwelling place as it is defined for purposes of judicial jurisdiction and governmental burdens and benefits. Certain aspects of a person’s legal existence do not vary with the state he happens to be in at any given moment but are governed by a personal law that follows

  • Domicile conjugale (film by Truffaut [1970])

    Fran?ois Truffaut: Early works: …Doinel in Domicile conjugale (1970; Bed & Board), he married and became a father.

  • Domicile conjugale; La Nuit américaine (film by Truffaut [1973])

    Two for the Road: …inspiration for his 1973 film Day for Night.

  • dominance (genetics)

    Dominance, in genetics, greater influence by one of a pair of genes (alleles) that affect the same inherited character. If an individual pea plant with the alleles T and t (T = tallness, t = shortness) is the same height as a TT individual, the T allele (and the trait of tallness) is said to be

  • dominance hierarchy (animal behaviour)

    Dominance hierarchy, a form of animal social structure in which a linear or nearly linear ranking exists, with each animal dominant over those below it and submissive to those above it in the hierarchy. Dominance hierarchies are best known in social mammals, such as baboons and wolves, and in

  • dominance order (animal behaviour)

    Dominance hierarchy, a form of animal social structure in which a linear or nearly linear ranking exists, with each animal dominant over those below it and submissive to those above it in the hierarchy. Dominance hierarchies are best known in social mammals, such as baboons and wolves, and in

  • dominance variation (genetics)

    animal breeding: Breeding and variation: …total genetic variation into additive, dominance, and epistatic types of gene action, which are defined in the following paragraphs. Additive variation is easiest to use in breeding because it is common and the effect of each allele at a locus just adds to the effect of other alleles at that…

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