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  • Australia antigen

    connective tissue disease: Necrotizing vasculitides: An antigen (Australia antigen) associated with viral hepatitis (liver inflammation) has been found in the serum of several persons with polyarteritis nodosa, raising the possibility that some cases of polyarteritis may result from the deposition in blood vessels of immune complexes of viral antigen and antibody.

  • Australia Council (Australian government)

    Australia: Cultural institutions: The Australia Council, which presides over the funding of the arts, has played a vital role in cultivating Australian talent in literature and the visual and performing arts. It and equivalent agencies of the state governments help support opera and dance companies, some of which have…

  • Australia Day (holiday)

    Australia Day, holiday (January 26) honouring the establishment of the first permanent European settlement on the continent of Australia. On January 26, 1788, Arthur Phillip, who had sailed into what is now Sydney Cove with a shipload of convicts, hoisted the British flag at the site. In the early

  • Australia floods of 2010–2011

    Australia floods of 2010–11, natural disaster that principally affected the three eastern states of Australia and was one of the worst in the country’s history. Queensland, in the north, was hit hardest, but the widespread flooding—of a scale not seen since the mid-1970s—that began in late November

  • Australia Group (international organization)

    Australia Group, informal association of 42 nations formed in 1985 that works to prevent the exportation of chemical and biological weapons and the materials used to produce them. In April 1984 many Western nations became increasingly alarmed by reports that Iraq was extensively using chemical

  • Australia II (yacht)

    Ben Lexcen: … and marine architect who designed Australia II, the first non-American yacht to win (1983) the prestigious America’s Cup in the 132-year history of the race.

  • Australia Museum (museum, Australia)

    Australia: Cultural institutions: The Australia Museum (founded 1827), the country’s first, is renowned for its exhibits of natural history and cultural artifacts. Sydney is home to the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Australian National Maritime Museum (opened 1991). The Melbourne Museum, which opened in 2000, is the largest…

  • Australia Square (building, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia)

    Pier Luigi Nervi: …collaboration, and his third was Australia Square (1962–69; Sydney), a cylindrical tower of 50 stories. At the time, this was the tallest concrete structure in the world. In 1957 and 1958–59, for the 1960 Rome Olympic Games, Nervi designed two sport palaces.

  • Australia Telescope Compact Array (telescope, Narrabari, New South Wales, Australia)

    radio telescope: Radio telescope arrays: …Research Organization maintains the six-element Australian Telescope Compact Array at Narrabri, N.S.W., for studies of the southern skies, including in particular the nearby Magellanic Clouds.

  • Australia’s 2007 Election: The End of an Era

    On Nov. 25, 2007, headlines around the world announced that the Australian Labor Party’s (ALP’s) victory in that country’s parliamentary election the previous day marked the end of a conservative era and the beginning of a period of substantial social change. The ALP captured 43.4% of the vote for

  • Australia, Commonwealth of

    Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne.

  • Australia, flag of

    national flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) with the Union Jack in the canton and six white stars. Its width-to-length ratio is 1 to 2.Thought was given to an all-Australian flag long before confederation was achieved on January 1, 1901. For example, in 1823 a National Colonial Flag

  • Australia, history of

    Australia: History: This article discusses the history of Australia from the arrival of European explorers in the 16th century to the present. For a more detailed discussion of Aboriginal culture, see Australian Aboriginal peoples.

  • Australian (Australian newspaper)

    Rupert Murdoch: Acquisitions: News of the World, The Sun, and The Times: …acquired in 1981) and the Australian (a national daily that he established in 1964). Murdoch took up residence in the United States in 1974 and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1985, based in New York City.

  • Australian Aboriginal languages

    Australian Aboriginal languages, family of some 200 to 300 Indigenous languages spoken in Australia and a few small offshore islands by approximately 50,000 people. Many of the languages are already extinct, and some are spoken by only dwindling numbers of elderly people, but a few are still

  • Australian Aboriginal peoples (people)

    Australian Aboriginal peoples, one of the two distinct groups of Indigenous peoples of Australia, the other being the Torres Strait Islander peoples. It has long been conventionally held that Australia is the only continent where the entire Indigenous population maintained a single kind of

  • Australian Aboriginal religion

    Australian Aboriginal peoples: Religion: Aboriginal people saw their way of life as already ordained by the creative acts of the Dreaming beings and the blueprint that was their legacy, so their mission was simply to live in agreement with the terms of that legacy. There was thus no…

  • Australian Aborigines League (Australian political organization)

    Australia: Aboriginal peoples: …under William Cooper, of the Australian Aboriginals League spurred black political action—which had some history back to the 1840s. Cooper and William Ferguson organized protest against Australia’s sesquicentennial celebrations in January 1938: “There are enough of us remaining to expose the humbug of your claims, as White Australians, to be…

  • Australian alpine grasshopper (insect)

    orthopteran: Camouflage: …colour change occurs in an Australian alpine grasshopper (Kosciuscola tristis), which lives at above 5,000 feet elevation. The adult male, bright greenish blue on the upper part of its body at temperatures above 25 °C (77 °F), is dull and blackish below 15 °C (59 °F). At intermediate temperatures, correspondingly…

  • Australian Alps (mountains, Australia)

    Australian Alps, mountain mass, a segment of the Great Dividing Range (Eastern Uplands), occupying the southeasternmost corner of Australia, in eastern Victoria and southeastern New South Wales. In a more local sense, the term denotes the ranges on the states’ border forming the divide between the

  • Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (military corps)

    ANZAC, combined corps that served with distinction in World War I during the ill-fated 1915 Gallipoli Campaign, an attempt to capture the Dardanelles from Turkey. In 1916 Australian and New Zealand infantry divisions were sent to France. They took part in some of the bloodiest actions of the war

  • Australian Antarctic Territory (territory, Australia)

    Australian Antarctic Territory, external territory claimed by Australia and located in Antarctica. See Australian External

  • Australian antigen (medicine)

    Baruch S. Blumberg: The discovery of that so-called Australian antigen, which causes the body to produce antibody responses to the virus, made it possible to screen blood donors for possible hepatitis B transmission. Further research indicated that the body’s development of an antibody against the Australian antigen was protective against further infection with…

  • Australian Army Nursing Service (Australian military program)

    Elizabeth Kenny: …England, determined to join the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS). Although only registered nurses could join the AANS, after a monthlong trial period Kenny was accepted into the service. During World War I she served as a staff nurse on troopships carrying wounded soldiers back to Australia. In 1916–17 she…

  • Australian Ballet (Australian dance company)

    Australian Ballet, leading ballet company of Australia. In 1962 the Australian Ballet Foundation, founded by art patrons interested in promoting a national ballet, sponsored the Australian Ballet company. It was formed mainly with native talent from the former Australian Borovansky Ballet. Peggy

  • Australian ballot (politics)

    Australian ballot, the system of voting in which voters mark their choices in privacy on uniform ballots printed and distributed by the government or designate their choices by some other secret means. Victoria and South Australia were the first states to introduce secrecy of the ballot (1856), and

  • Australian baobab (tree, Adansonia gregorii)

    baobab: gregorii, called boab, or bottle tree, is found throughout the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Reaching heights of about 12 metres (39 feet), the tree features the characteristically swollen trunk of the genus and bears compound leaves that are completely shed during drought periods. The white flowers…

  • Australian beech (plant)

    beech: …the best known are the Australian beech (N. moorei), a 46-metre (151-foot) tree with leaves 7 cm (3 inches) long, found in New South Wales; the myrtle beech, Tasmanian myrtle, or Australian, or red, myrtle (N. cunninghamii), a 60-metre (197-foot) Tasmanian tree important for its fine-textured wood; the slender, columnar…

  • Australian blackwood (plant)

    acacia: Major species: …valuable timber, among them the Australian blackwood (A. melanoxylon); the yarran (A. omalophylla), also of Australia; and A. koa of Hawaii. Many of the Australian acacia species have been widely introduced elsewhere as cultivated small trees valued for their spectacular floral displays.

  • Australian Broadcasting Commission (Australian media corporation)

    Australia: Cultural institutions: The government-funded Australian Broadcasting Corporation is also an important patron of the arts, particularly of music. It supports the principal symphony orchestra in each state and gives strong encouragement to composers. In Sydney many new facilities were also built (and established ones refurbished) during the 1990s to…

  • Australian Broadcasting Corporation (Australian media corporation)

    Australia: Cultural institutions: The government-funded Australian Broadcasting Corporation is also an important patron of the arts, particularly of music. It supports the principal symphony orchestra in each state and gives strong encouragement to composers. In Sydney many new facilities were also built (and established ones refurbished) during the 1990s to…

  • Australian Capital Territory (territory, Australia)

    Australian Capital Territory (A.C.T.), political entity of the Commonwealth of Australia consisting of Canberra, the national and territorial capital, and surrounding land. Most of the Australian Capital Territory lies within the Southern Tablelands district of New South Wales in southeastern

  • Australian Capital Territory, flag of (Australian federal territory flag)

    Australian federal territory flag consisting of a yellow field (background) with a vertical blue stripe at the hoist. A white Southern Cross constellation is on the stripe, and the field bears a stylized version of the Canberra coat of arms. The flag’s width-to-length ratio is 1 to 2.A coat of arms

  • Australian cassowary (bird)

    cassowary: The common, or southern, cassowary, Casuarius casuarius, which inhabits New Guinea, nearby islands, and Australia, is the largest—almost 1.5 metres (5 feet) tall—and has two long red wattles on the throat. The dwarf cassowary (C. bennetti) is native to higher elevations of New Guinea and can…

  • Australian cattle dog (breed of dog)

    Australian cattle dog, breed of herding dog developed in the 19th century to work with cattle in the demanding conditions of the Australian outback. It is called a heeler because it moves cattle by nipping at their feet; this trait was introduced to the breed from the dingo in its ancestry. An

  • Australian Championships (tennis tournament)

    Australian Open, one of the world’s major tennis championships (the first of the four annual Grand Slam events), held at the National Tennis Centre at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia. Started by the Lawn Tennis Association of Australasia (later, of Australia), the first tournament for men

  • Australian Christmas tree (plant)

    Australian Christmas tree, (Nuytsia floribunda), parasitic tree of the mistletoe family (Loranthaceae), native to western Australia. The tree may grow to 10 metres (33 feet) or more and produces many yellow-orange flowers during the Christmas season. Its dry fruits have three broad leathery wings.

  • Australian Colonies Government Act (Australia [1850])

    Australian Colonies Government Act, legislation of the British House of Commons that separated the southeastern Australian district of Port Phillip from New South Wales and established it as the colony of Victoria. The act was passed in response to the demand of the Port Phillip settlers, who felt

  • Australian Communications Authority (Australian government agency)

    Australia: Transportation and telecommunications: …on telecommunications providers, and the Australian Communications Authority (ACA), established in 1999, which licenses carriers and reports to the minister for communications. With the opening of competition, by the early 21st century there were some 70 ACA-licensed providers.

  • Australian Communist Party (political party, Australia)

    Australia: The postwar years: Founded in 1922, the Australian Communist Party made most headway in the big industrial unions and in Sydney; it also had some influence and supporters among the intelligentsia, especially in the 1930s. The party suffered a share of internal factionalism but for the most part was able to present…

  • Australian copperhead (snake, Denisonia species)

    copperhead: The Australian copperhead (Denisonia superba), a venomous snake of the cobra family (Elapidae) found in Tasmania and along the southern Australian coasts, averages 1.5 metres long. It is usually coppery or reddish brown. It is dangerous but is unaggressive when left alone. The copperhead of India…

  • Australian Corps (Australian Army corps)

    Sir John Monash: …he took command of the Australian Corps, and on July 4 he tested his theory of the semimobile managed battle in a small-scale attack at Le Hamel, France. Its outstanding success led Monash to develop a more comprehensive plan for a sustained offensive, which shaped the general British plan as…

  • Australian Council of Salaried and Professional Associations (labour organization, Australia)

    Australian Council of Trade Unions: …with federations of white-collar unions—the Australian Council of Salaried and Professional Associations (in 1979) and the Council of Australian Government Employee Organisations (in 1981)—brought membership up to about 2.5 million members, or more than three-fourths of all trade union membership in Australia.

  • Australian Council of Trade Unions (labour organization, Australia)

    Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU), the dominant association and governing body of the trade union movement in Australia, established in May 1927. Membership grew significantly when the Australian Workers’ Union joined the ACTU in 1967. Two other mergers with federations of white-collar

  • Australian Council on Healthcare Standards International (Australian organization)

    medical tourism: Social and ethical issues in medical tourism: …Accreditation Canada International; and the Australian Council on Healthcare Standards International. Those organizations charge fees to clients who want to have their facilities surveyed for accreditation, and each organization maintains a list of accredited hospitals to help persons wishing to travel internationally for health care select a facility that will…

  • Australian Country Party (political party, Australia)

    The Nationals, Australian political party that for most of its history has held office as a result of its customary alliance with the Liberal Party of Australia. It often acted as a margin in the balance of power, but its own power declined over the years. In 1934 it could command 16 percent of the

  • Australian crawl (swimming)

    Charles Daniels: …pioneered a modification of the Australian crawl that emphasized the use of the whole leg and synchronized six kicks for every two-arm cycle. He was inducted into both the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame (1988) and the International Swimming Hall of Fame (1965).

  • Australian Defence Force Academy (university, Australian Capital Territory, Australia)

    Australian Capital Territory: Education: …the University College at the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA; an affiliate of the University of New South Wales), and a branch of the Australian Catholic University (ACU) offer undergraduate and postgraduate education. The UC and the ACU concentrate more on vocationally oriented courses, ANU on discipline-oriented courses, the arts,…

  • Australian Democratic Labor Party (political party, Australia)

    Australian Democratic Labor Party, (ADLP), right-wing political party in Australia founded in 1956–57 by Roman Catholic and other defectors from the Australian Labor Party. Militantly anticommunist, the ADLP supported Western and other anticommunist powers in Oceania and Southeast Asia and strongly

  • Australian Democrats (political party, Australia)

    Australian Democrats, left-of-centre political party founded in 1977 and supported by those dissatisfied with the major Australian parties, the Liberals on the right and the Australian Labor Party on the left. Its support is strongest among professionals and the intelligentsia. The party’s founder,

  • Australian Election of 2010

    The 2010 federal Election was one of the most extraordinary in Australia’s history. The cycle of events started in June when power brokers with the ruling Australian Labor Party urged Deputy Prime Minister Julia Gillard to challenge Prime Minister Kevin Rudd for the party’s leadership, fearing that

  • Australian Encyclopaedia, The

    The Australian Encyclopaedia, national encyclopaedia published in New South Wales and emphasizing distinctive features of Australia, particularly geography, natural history, and the Aborigines. It was originally brought out by Angus & Robertson in 2 volumes (1925–26), and the second edition was

  • Australian External Territories (territory, Australia)

    Australian External Territories, group of non-self-governing dependencies of Australia; apart from claims in Antarctica, the external territories of the Commonwealth of Australia are made up entirely of islands and cover an area almost as large as Australia itself. They consist of innumerable small

  • Australian false vampire bat (mammal, Macroderma gigas)

    ghost bat: …only one, also called the Australian giant false vampire bat (Macroderma gigas), is found outside Central and South America. The four ghost bat species of the New World belong to the genus Diclidurus.

  • Australian Film and Television School (Australian school)

    history of the motion picture: Australia: …a national film school (the Australian Film and Television School, later the Australian Film Television and Radio School, or AFTRS) to train directors and other creative personnel, and initiated a system of lucrative tax incentives to attract foreign investment capital to the new industry. The result was a creative explosion…

  • Australian Film Commission (Australian government organization)

    Australia: Film: …AFDC was replaced by the Australian Film Commission (AFC) in 1975, and a more culturally refined Australian film style emerged. Period films such as Peter Weir’s Picnic at Hanging Rock (1975), Gillian Armstrong’s My Brilliant Career (1980), and Bruce Beresford’s Breaker Morant (1980) were well received by critics and audiences…

  • Australian Film Development Corporation (Australian government organization)

    Australia: Film: Formed in 1970, the Australian Film Development Corporation (AFDC) was a government-funded agency charged with helping the film industry create commercial films for audiences at home and abroad. The success of Stork (1971) gave birth to a rash of “ocker” comedies, a genre that centred on boorish male characters…

  • Australian fishing zone (area, Australia)

    Australia: Forestry and fishing: … Management Authority, the 200-nautical-mile (370-km) Australian fishing zone—the third largest of its type—was proclaimed in 1979 as a safeguard against foreign incursions. It covers an area considerably larger than the Australian landmass and is difficult to police. Although the influx of Asian and southern European immigrants has enlarged the local…

  • Australian football (sport)

    Australian rules football, a football sport distinctive to Australia that predates other modern football games as the first to create an official code of play. Invented in Melbourne, capital of the state of Victoria, in the late 1850s, the game was initially known as Melbourne, or Victorian, rules

  • Australian Football League (Australian rules football organization)

    Australian rules football: Rise of the Victorian Football League: The depression of 1893–95 caused attendance at games to decline, and the VFA proposed a revenue-sharing scheme to assist struggling clubs. Leading clubs, which wanted more control over the game, opposed the scheme. In 1896 those eight leading clubs—Melbourne, Essendon, Geelong, Collingwood,…

  • Australian fur seal (mammal)

    fur seal: pusillus) and the Australian fur seal (A. pusillus doriferus) grow to lengths and weights of about 2.5 metres (8 feet) and 300 kg in the male, 1.8 metres and 120 kg (265 pounds) in the female. Like the northern form, southern fur seals are gregarious and carnivorous. By…

  • Australian gannet (bird)

    gannet: …off South Africa, and the Australian (or Australasian) gannet (M. serrator), which breeds around Tasmania and New Zealand.

  • Australian Geographic (Australian magazine)

    Dick Smith: …enthusiasm was the quarterly magazine Australian Geographic, which he founded in 1985 and modeled on the U.S. publication National Geographic. In October 1993 Smith announced that Australian Geographic would henceforth be printed in Australia rather than overseas. This, said Smith, would save Australian dollars in foreign-exchange revenue. In keeping with…

  • Australian giant false vampire bat (mammal, Macroderma gigas)

    ghost bat: …only one, also called the Australian giant false vampire bat (Macroderma gigas), is found outside Central and South America. The four ghost bat species of the New World belong to the genus Diclidurus.

  • Australian Government Employee Organisations, Council of (labour organization, Australia)

    Australian Council of Trade Unions: …Associations (in 1979) and the Council of Australian Government Employee Organisations (in 1981)—brought membership up to about 2.5 million members, or more than three-fourths of all trade union membership in Australia.

  • Australian Greens (political party, Australia)

    The Greens, Australian environmentalist political party founded in 1992. It had its origins in the United Tasmania Group (UTG), one of the world’s first Green political parties. The environmental movement of the 1960s in Australia was primarily made up of small groups until a proposed hydroelectric

  • Australian heeler (breed of dog)

    Australian cattle dog, breed of herding dog developed in the 19th century to work with cattle in the demanding conditions of the Australian outback. It is called a heeler because it moves cattle by nipping at their feet; this trait was introduced to the breed from the dingo in its ancestry. An

  • Australian Henley (rowing competition)

    Henley Royal Regatta: An Australian Henley at Melbourne was first held in 1904.

  • Australian Heritage Commission Act (Australia [1975])

    Australia: Land: The Australian Heritage Commission Act of 1975 established a federal agency to develop interest in a National Estate of listed places. Such places would be selected mainly on the basis of aesthetic, historical, scientific, or social significance. The process was not intended to guarantee any area…

  • Australian Industrial Relations Commission (Australian organization)

    Australia: Labour and taxation: …replacing the commission with the Australian Industrial Relations Commission (which also took over the responsibilities of arbitration commissions covering airline pilots, public sector employees, and the maritime industry); though the arbitral procedures were revised, the overall system remained unchanged.

  • Australian Inland Mission (religious organization, Australia)

    John Flynn: …church responded by establishing the Australian Inland Mission, which Flynn directed until his death. Before 1920 Flynn had conceived of a plan that would provide medical care by airplane to remote areas. He spent several years developing a communications network between rural outposts and a medical base established at Cloncurry,…

  • Australian kingdom (floral region)

    Australian region: …this region is called the Australian kingdom. Conspicuous among the plants of the region are the eucalypti, myrtles, acacias, and casuarinas.

  • Australian Labor Party (political party, Australia)

    Australian Labor Party (ALP), one of the major Australian political parties. The first significant political representation of labour was achieved during the 1890s; in 1891, for example, candidates endorsed by the Sydney Trades and Labor Council gained 86 out of 141 seats in the New South Wales

  • Australian ladybird beetle (insect)

    biological control: …an Australian ladybird beetle, or vedalia beetle (Rodolia cardinalis), on the cottony cushion scale in California; the limiting of the proliferation of the European rabbit in Australia by introduction of myxoma virus (which causes the disease myxomatosis); the control of Japanese beetles by Bacillus popilliae, which causes milky disease; and…

  • Australian languages

    Australian Aboriginal languages, family of some 200 to 300 Indigenous languages spoken in Australia and a few small offshore islands by approximately 50,000 people. Many of the languages are already extinct, and some are spoken by only dwindling numbers of elderly people, but a few are still

  • Australian laurel (plant)

    Pittosporum, Any of various evergreen shrubs or trees, mainly from Australia and New Zealand, that make up the genus Pittosporum (family Pittosporaceae), commonly known as Australian laurel. They are planted especially as ornamentals in warm regions. The most popular and hardiest species, called

  • Australian law

    bankruptcy: Persons subject to judicial liquidation of their estates: …dual system still governs in Australia, New Zealand, and India. A number of nations, following the model of the French law of 1838, extend their bankruptcy laws only to persons qualifying as merchants or engaging in trade but do not differentiate between individuals and corporations. To that class belong the…

  • Australian Legendary Tales (work by Parker)

    Australian literature: Aboriginal narrative: the oral tradition: …such as Catherine Langloh Parker’s Australian Legendary Tales (1896) or Alan Marshall’s People of the Dreamtime (1952), where the stories are reshaped to meet European notions of narrative design and structure.

  • Australian literature

    Australian literature, the body of literatures, both oral and written, produced in Australia. Perhaps more so than in other countries, the literature of Australia characteristically expresses collective values. Even when the literature deals with the experiences of an individual, those experiences

  • Australian lotus bird (bird)

    jacana: …African jacana (Actophilornis africanus); the Australian lotus bird (Irediparra gallinacea) of New Guinea and the eastern Australian coast; and the pheasant-tailed jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus), of India and the Philippines, a handsome black, yellow, and white bird that acquires long tail feathers in breeding season.

  • Australian lungfish (fish)

    lungfish: Size range and distribution: The Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri, may weigh up to 10 kg (about 22 pounds) and grow to a length of 1.25 metres (about 4 feet). Of the African lungfishes, the yellow marbled Ethiopian species, Protopterus aethiopicus, is the largest, growing to a length of 2 metres…

  • Australian Merino (breed of sheep)

    Merino, breed of fine-wool sheep originating in Spain; it was known as early as the 12th century and may have been a Moorish importation. It was particularly well adapted to semiarid climates and to nomadic pasturing. The breed has become prominent in many countries worldwide. Merinos vary

  • Australian mountain ash (tree)

    eucalyptus: Physical description: The giant gum tree, or mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans), of Victoria and Tasmania, is one of the largest species and attains a height of about 90 metres (300 feet) and a circumference of 7.5 metres (24.5 feet). Many species continually shed the dead outermost layer of…

  • Australian Museum (museum, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia)

    museum: The spread of the European model: …what was to become the Australian Museum in Sydney.

  • Australian myrtle (tree)

    beech: …in New South Wales; the myrtle beech, Tasmanian myrtle, or Australian, or red, myrtle (N. cunninghamii), a 60-metre (197-foot) Tasmanian tree important for its fine-textured wood; the slender, columnar red beech (N. fusca) of New Zealand, about 30 metres tall; and the silver, or southland, beech (N. menziesii), a 30-metre…

  • Australian National Kennel Council (Australian organization)

    dog: The breeds: …of England, and the Australian National Kennel Council, maintain pedigrees and stud books on every dog in every breed registered in their respective countries. The Foxhound Kennel Stud Book, published in England in 1844, was one of the earliest registries. Other countries also have systems for registering purebred dogs. The…

  • Australian National Satellite System
  • Australian National University (university, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia)

    Australian National University, state-subsidized university in Canberra, Australia. Founded in 1946, the university was originally confined to graduate study. In 1960, when Canberra University College (1929) became part of the university, undergraduates were admitted for the first time. Affiliated

  • Australian Natives Association (political organization, Australia)

    Australia: Movement toward federation: The Australian Natives Association (the Australian-born comprised nearly two-thirds of the population in 1901) rallied to the cause.

  • Australian nettle (plant)
  • Australian nettle tree (plant)
  • Australian of the Year (annual award, Australia)

    Geoffrey Rush: …in 2012 he was named Australian of the Year.

  • Australian Open (tennis tournament)

    Australian Open, one of the world’s major tennis championships (the first of the four annual Grand Slam events), held at the National Tennis Centre at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia. Started by the Lawn Tennis Association of Australasia (later, of Australia), the first tournament for men

  • Australian Open Championship (tennis tournament)

    Australian Open, one of the world’s major tennis championships (the first of the four annual Grand Slam events), held at the National Tennis Centre at Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia. Started by the Lawn Tennis Association of Australasia (later, of Australia), the first tournament for men

  • Australian parakeet (bird)

    Rosella, any of several species of popular caged birds, particularly certain Australian species, classified as parakeets. See

  • Australian Patriotic Association (political organization, Australia)

    Australian Patriotic Association (APA), (1835–42), group of influential Australians of New South Wales that sought a grant of representative government to the colony from the British House of Commons. Their efforts aided significantly in the passage of the Constitution Act of 1842 and the

  • Australian Pavilion (building, Shanghai, China)

    Expo Shanghai 2010: …notable pavilions included that of Australia, the reddish brown exterior of which evoked the country’s renowned Uluru/Ayers Rock landmark; that of Switzerland, which combined an urban-themed interior with a biodegradable soybean exterior curtain wall studded with photoelectric cells and a pasturelike grass roof; and that of Russia, which consisted of…

  • Australian pine (plant)

    Casuarinaceae: Some, especially the beefwood (C. equisetifolia, also called she-oak, ironwood, Australian pine, whistling pine, or swamp oak), also are used ornamentally in warm-climate countries, where they have often escaped cultivation and become established in the wild.

  • Australian pitcher plant (plant)

    Western Australian pitcher plant, (Cephalotus follicularis), carnivorous plant, native to damp sandy or swampy terrain in southwestern Australia, the only species in the flowering plant family Cephalotaceae (order Oxalidales). As with most carnivorous plants, the Western Australian pitcher plant is

  • Australian Plate (geology)

    Cenozoic Era: Geologic processes: …formed some time after the Indian Plate collided with the Eurasian Plate. These lofty mountains marked the culmination of the great uplift that occurred during the late Cenozoic when the Indian Plate drove many hundreds of kilometres into the underbelly of Asia. They are the product of the low-angle underthrusting…

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