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  • Assiniboin (people)

    Assiniboin, North American Plains Indians belonging to the Siouan linguistic family. During their greatest prominence the tribe lived in the area west of Lake Winnipeg along the Assiniboin and Saskatchewan rivers, in what are now the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. The

  • Assiniboine (people)

    Assiniboin, North American Plains Indians belonging to the Siouan linguistic family. During their greatest prominence the tribe lived in the area west of Lake Winnipeg along the Assiniboin and Saskatchewan rivers, in what are now the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. The

  • Assiniboine River (river, Canada)

    Assiniboine River, river in southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba, Canada, a major tributary of the Red River . From its source in eastern Saskatchewan, it flows southeastward into Manitoba and thence eastward through a break in the Manitoba Cuesta, an escarpment, to the lowlands formed in ancient

  • Assiniboine, Mount (mountain, Canada)

    Canadian Rockies: border), Mount Assiniboine (the “Matterhorn of the Rockies”), Mount Columbia (12,294 feet [3,747 metres]; Alberta’s highest point), and Mount Forbes. Spectacular alpine scenery is found in Banff, Jasper, and Waterton lakes national parks on the eastern slopes in Alberta and in the Kootenay and Yoho national…

  • Assiniwi, Bernard (Canadian author)

    Canadian literature: The cosmopolitan culture of French Canada and Quebec: …acclaim accorded to Cree writer Bernard Assiniwi for his novel La Saga des Béothuks (1996; The Beothuk Saga), chronicling the tragic fate of the Beothuk Indians of Newfoundland. Quebec and French Canadian writers have come to examine the implications of cultural diversity; a notable example is Montreal novelist Francine No?l’s…

  • Assiout (governorate, Egypt)

    Asyū?, mu?āfa?ah (governorate) of Upper Egypt. It lies along the Nile River, between Al-Minyā governorate to the north and Sawhāj governorate to the south. Its settled area, which is limited to the river valley, extends almost 100 miles (160 km) along the river and is about 12 miles (19 km) wide.

  • Assiout (Egypt)

    Asyū?, capital of Asyū? mu?āfa?ah (governorate) and one of the largest settlements of Upper Egypt. It lies on the west bank of the Nile River, almost midway between Cairo and Aswān. The irrigated Nile River valley is about 12 miles (20 km) wide at that point. Known as Syut in ancient Egypt, the

  • Assisi (Italy)

    Assisi, town, Perugia province, Umbria region, central Italy. The town lies 12 miles (19 km) east of Perugia and is famous as the birthplace of St. Francis, the founder of the Franciscan order. Assisi is situated on a spur of Monte Subasio at an elevation of 1,300 feet (400 metres) and overlooks

  • Assisi, Saint Francis of (Italian saint)

    St. Francis of Assisi, ; canonized July 16, 1228; feast day October 4), founder of the Franciscan orders of the Friars Minor (Ordo Fratrum Minorum), the women’s Order of St. Clare (the Poor Clares), and the lay Third Order. He was also a leader of the movement of evangelical poverty in the early

  • assistance, writ of (British-American colonial history)

    Writ of assistance, in English and American colonial history, a general search warrant issued by superior provincial courts to assist the British government in enforcing trade and navigation laws. Such warrants authorized customhouse officers (with the assistance of a sheriff, justice of the peace,

  • Assistant, The (work by Malamud)

    The Assistant, novel by Bernard Malamud, published in 1957. Set in Brooklyn, the novel portrays the complex relationship that develops between Morris Bober, a worn-out Jewish grocer, and Frank Alpine, a young Italian American who first robs Morris and then comes to his aid after wounding him. In

  • assisted reproductive technology (medical technology)

    Louise Brown: …three decades IVF and other assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) produced some five million babies globally.

  • assistive robot

    rehabilitation robot: The first type is an assistive robot that substitutes for lost limb movements. An example is the Manus ARM (assistive robotic manipulator), which is a wheelchair-mounted robotic arm that is controlled using a chin switch or other input device. That process is called telemanipulation and is similar to an astronaut’s…

  • assistive technology

    Assistive technology, any device that is used to support the health and activity of a disabled person. The U.S. Assistive Technology Act of 2004 defined assistive technology device as: Assistive technologies enhance the ability of a disabled person to participate in major life activities and to

  • Assistive Technology Act (United States [2004])

    assistive technology: Assistive Technology Act of 2004 defined assistive technology device as:

  • assize (law)

    Assize, in law, a session, or sitting, of a court of justice. It originally signified the method of trial by jury. During the Middle Ages the term was applied to certain court sessions held in the counties of England; it was also applied in France to special sessions of the Parlement of Paris (the

  • Assize of Weights and Measures (English law)

    measurement system: The English system: …a royal ordinance entitled “Assize of Weights and Measures” defined a broad list of units and standards so successfully that it remained in force for several centuries thereafter. A standard yard, “the Iron Yard of our Lord the King,” was prescribed for the realm, divided into the traditional 3…

  • assize, rent of (European history)

    manorialism: Western Europe: …rent that was known as rent of assize and, second, dues under various names, partly in lieu of services commuted into money payments and partly for the privileges and profits enjoyed by him on the waste of the manor. In labour he paid more heavily. Week by week he was…

  • assize, writ of (law)

    assize: The term also designated certain writs operable in such courts. In modern times courts of assize are criminal courts that deal with the most serious crimes.

  • Assizes of the Court of the Bourgeois (civil code)

    Crusades: Legal practices: …were governed according to the Assizes of the Court of the Bourgeois. Each national group retained its institutions. The Syrians, for example, maintained a court overseen by the rais (ra?īs), a chieftain of importance under the Frankish regime. An important element in the kingdom’s army, the corps of Turcopoles, made…

  • ASSOCHAM (Indian trade association)

    Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), leading Indian trade association. It was established as the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India and Ceylon in 1920 by a group of chambers of commerce led by the Calcutta Traders Association. In the early 21st

  • associate (degree)

    degree: …United States is that of associate, which is awarded by junior or community colleges after a two-year course of study; it has a relatively low status.

  • Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (Indian trade association)

    Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM), leading Indian trade association. It was established as the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India and Ceylon in 1920 by a group of chambers of commerce led by the Calcutta Traders Association. In the early 21st

  • Associated Charities of Boston (American organization)

    Zilpha Drew Smith: …registrar of the newly organized Associated Charities of Boston, a consolidation of the city’s principal social welfare agencies. It was her task to implement and supervise the confidential investigation and registration of all charity cases, to ensure the cooperation of agencies in handling the cases, and to organize a system…

  • associated gas

    natural gas: …natural gas is known as associated gas; it is often considered to be the gaseous phase of the crude oil and usually contains some light liquids such as propane and butane. For this reason, associated gas is sometimes called “wet gas.” There are also reservoirs that contain gas and no…

  • Associated Merchandising Corp. (American company)

    Fred Lazarus, Jr.: The group formed the Associated Merchandising Corp.

  • Associated Press (news agency)

    Associated Press (AP), cooperative 24-hour news agency (wire service), the oldest and largest of those in the United States and long the largest and one of the preeminent news agencies in the world. Headquarters are in New York, N.Y. Its beginnings can be traced to 1846, when four New York City

  • associated production (physics)

    subatomic particle: Strangeness: … in 1952, is known as associated production.

  • Associated Talking Pictures, Ltd. (British company)

    Ealing Studios, English motion-picture studio, internationally remembered for a series of witty comedies that reflected the social conditions of post-World War II Britain. Founded in 1929 by two of England’s best known producers, Basil Dean and Reginald Baker, with the financial support of the

  • Associated Television (British media corporation)

    Lew Grade, Baron Grade of Elstree: …British commercial television; his company, Associated Television (ATV), went on to produce several action-adventure series, including Robin Hood, The Saint, The Avengers, The Prisoner, and Danger Man (U.S. title Secret Agent). Two of the best-known series he produced were Coronation Street (the longest-running television program in the United Kingdom) and…

  • Associated Universities, Inc. (educational association)

    Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), group of U.S. universities that administers the operation of two federally funded research facilities, one in nuclear physics and the other in radio astronomy. The member institutions are Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, Johns Hopkins, Massachusetts Institute of

  • association (chemical bonding)

    Chemical association, the aggregation of atoms or molecules into larger units held together by forces weaker than chemical bonds that bind atoms in molecules. The term is usually restricted to the formation of aggregates of like molecules or atoms. Polymerization also denotes the formation of

  • association (psychology)

    Association, general psychological principle linked with the phenomena of recollection or memory. The principle originally stated that the act of remembering or recalling any past experience would also bring to the fore other events or experiences that had become related, in one or more specific

  • association (biological community)

    conifer: Roots: …boost in their work by associating with specialized fungi whose structural filaments (hyphae) intermingle with them to form mycorrhizae. There are two distinct types of mycorrhizal associations among the conifers. The majority of species have vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae, called endomycorrhizae because the fungal hyphae actually penetrate the cells of the roots.…

  • association area (anatomy)

    human nervous system: General organization of perception: …of the cortex, traditionally called association areas. It is thought that these areas integrate sensory and motor information and that this integration allows objects to be recognized and located in space. With these regions acting upon all their inputs, the brain is carrying out those aspects of neural activity that…

  • Association Catholique Internationale pour la Radio, la Télévision, et l’Audiovisuel (French organization)

    broadcasting: International organizations: …based in London, and the Association Catholique Internationale pour la Radio, la Télévision, et l’Audiovisuel, based in Brussels. Radio Free Europe, based in Munich and financed by U.S. government funds, was established to broadcast pro-Western propaganda to eastern Europe.

  • association complex (chemistry)

    chemical association: …is commonly known as an association complex. Because of the weakness of the forces holding the small units together, an equilibrium is often observed between an association complex and the corresponding simple molecules. The equilibrium mixture behaves chemically much as would the small molecules by themselves, because the removal of…

  • association croquet

    Association croquet, lawn game in which players use wooden mallets to hit balls through a series of wire hoops, or wickets, with a central peg as the ultimate goal. It is played on an organized basis in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, and South Africa. (For the origins of the game and

  • Association des Uléma Reformistes Algériens (Muslim religious organization)

    Association of Algerian Muslim Ulama, a body of Muslim religious scholars (?ulamā?) who, under French rule, advocated the restoration of an Algerian nation rooted in Islamic and Arabic traditions. The association, founded in 1931 and formally organized on May 5, 1935, by Sheikh ?Abd al-Hamid ben

  • association football (soccer)

    Football, game in which two teams of 11 players, using any part of their bodies except their hands and arms, try to maneuver the ball into the opposing team’s goal. Only the goalkeeper is permitted to handle the ball and may do so only within the penalty area surrounding the goal. The team that

  • Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis (American organization)

    Karen Horney: …organize a new group, the Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis, and its affiliated teaching centre, the American Institute for Psychoanalysis. Horney founded the association’s American Journal of Psychoanalysis and served as its editor until her death in 1952. She also continued to write, further expounding her views that neuroses…

  • Association Internationale Africaine (African organization)

    Association Internationale Africaine, a society of explorers, geographers, and philanthropists formed in September 1876 at the instigation of Leopold II, king of the Belgians, to “civilize” Central Africa. At its formation it was intended that the association, with headquarters in Brussels, should

  • Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur (international sports organization)

    boxing: Amateur boxing: …matches are controlled by the Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur (AIBA), formed in 1946.

  • Association Internationale du Congo (Belgian organization)

    Association Internationale du Congo, association under whose auspices the Congo region (coextensive with present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo) was explored and brought under the ownership of the Belgian king Leopold II and a group of European investors. The Committee for Studies of the

  • Association Internationale Médico-Sportive (international organization)

    International Federation of Sports Medicine (FIMS), (French: Fédération Internationale de Médecine du Sport) confederation primarily comprising national sports medicine associations from across the globe. The organization also includes continental associations, regional associations, and various

  • association learning

    Associative learning, in animal behaviour, any learning process in which a new response becomes associated with a particular stimulus. In its broadest sense, the term has been used to describe virtually all learning except simple habituation (q.v.). In a more restricted sense, it has been limited

  • association neuron

    insect: Nervous system: …nerve cells, motor neurons and association neurons. Motor neurons have main processes, or axons, that extend from the ganglia to contractile muscles, and minor processes, or dendrites, that connect with the neuropile. Association neurons, usually smaller than motor neurons, are linked with other parts of the nervous system by way…

  • association nucleus (anatomy)
  • Association of Algerian Muslim Ulama (Muslim religious organization)

    Association of Algerian Muslim Ulama, a body of Muslim religious scholars (?ulamā?) who, under French rule, advocated the restoration of an Algerian nation rooted in Islamic and Arabic traditions. The association, founded in 1931 and formally organized on May 5, 1935, by Sheikh ?Abd al-Hamid ben

  • Association of Algerian Muslim ?Ulamā? (Muslim religious organization)

    Association of Algerian Muslim Ulama, a body of Muslim religious scholars (?ulamā?) who, under French rule, advocated the restoration of an Algerian nation rooted in Islamic and Arabic traditions. The association, founded in 1931 and formally organized on May 5, 1935, by Sheikh ?Abd al-Hamid ben

  • association scheme (mathematics)

    combinatorics: PBIB (partially balanced incomplete block) designs: …be an m-class partially balanced association scheme:

  • association test (psychology)

    Association test, test used in psychology to study the organization of mental life, with special reference to the cognitive connections that underlie perception and meaning, memory, language, reasoning, and motivation. In the free-association test, the subject is told to state the first word that

  • Association to Promote the Higher Education of Working Men, An (British organization)

    Albert Mansbridge: …the Workers’ Educational Association (WEA; originally called An Association to Promote the Higher Education of Working Men). The WEA was quickly recognized by most British universities, and in 1905 Mansbridge abandoned clerical work to become its full-time general secretary.

  • association, chemical (chemical bonding)

    Chemical association, the aggregation of atoms or molecules into larger units held together by forces weaker than chemical bonds that bind atoms in molecules. The term is usually restricted to the formation of aggregates of like molecules or atoms. Polymerization also denotes the formation of

  • association, stellar (astronomy)

    Stellar association, a very large, loose grouping of stars that are of similar spectral type and relatively recent origin. Stellar associations are thought to be the birthplaces of most stars. The stars in stellar associations are grouped together much more loosely than they are in star clusters of

  • associational society (society)

    communitarianism: The common good versus individual rights: …liberating but impersonal societies (Gesellschaft). They warned of the dangers of anomie (normlessness) and alienation in modern societies composed of atomized individuals who had gained their liberty but lost their social moorings. Essentially the theses of T?nnies and Durkheim were supported with contemporary social-scientific data in Bowling Alone: The…

  • associationism (psychology)

    association: As a result, associationism became a theoretical view embracing the whole of psychology.

  • Associations, Law of (France [1901])

    anticlericalism: France: The Law of Associations (1901) suppressed nearly all of the religious orders in France and confiscated their property, and the separation law (1905) sundered church and state.

  • associative law (mathematics)

    Associative law, in mathematics, either of two laws relating to number operations of addition and multiplication, stated symbolically: a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c, and a(bc) = (ab)c; that is, the terms or factors may be associated in any way desired. While associativity holds for ordinary arithmetic

  • associative learning

    Associative learning, in animal behaviour, any learning process in which a new response becomes associated with a particular stimulus. In its broadest sense, the term has been used to describe virtually all learning except simple habituation (q.v.). In a more restricted sense, it has been limited

  • associative mechanism (chemistry)

    coordination compound: Substitution: The associative mechanism for substitution reactions, on the other hand, involves association of an extra ligand with the complex to give an intermediate of higher coordination number; one of the original ligands is then lost to restore the initial coordination number. Substitution reactions of square planar…

  • associative thickening (chemistry)

    surface coating: Rheological-control additives: … polyacrylic acid), and the so-called associative thickeners are employed in aqueous systems. Polymers used as thickeners function by dissolving in and raising the viscosity of the solvent or carrier liquid portion of the coating. Pigmentary materials that are used specifically to raise viscosity act by forming interacting, connected networks or…

  • associative visual agnosia (pathology)

    agnosia: Associative visual agnosias are characterized by the inability to ascribe meaning to the objects one sees. Affected individuals cannot distinguish between objects that are real and those that are not. For example, when presented with drawings of a real animal, such as a dog, and…

  • Associazione Calcio Milan (Italian football club)

    AC Milan, Italian professional football (soccer) club based in Milan. AC Milan is nicknamed the Rossoneri (“Red and Blacks”) because of the team’s distinctive red-and-black striped jerseys. The winner of 18 Serie A (Italy’s top football division) league championships, the club is also one of the

  • Associazione Nazionale Italiana

    Young Italy: …replaced Young Italy with the Italian National Committee (Associazione Nazionale Italiana). After 1850, with Piedmont leading the struggle for unification, Mazzini’s influence declined.

  • Associazione Sportiva Roma (Italian football club)

    AS Roma, Italian professional football (soccer) team based in Rome. AS Roma has been an almost constant presence in Italy’s top league, Serie A, throughout its history. It is one of the best-supported teams in the country. AS Roma was founded in 1927 and joined Serie A upon the league’s formation

  • Assofsky, Theodore (American executive)

    Ted Ashley, (Theodore Assofsky), American business executive (born Aug. 3, 1922, New York, N.Y.—died Aug. 24, 2002, New York City), revived Warner Brothers studios during his tenure as chairman and CEO (1969–80) with such films as A Clockwork Orange (1971), The Exorcist (1973), Blazing Saddles (

  • Assommoir, L’? (work by Zola)

    émile Zola: Les Rougon-Macquart: The Drunkard), which is among the most successful and enduringly popular of Zola’s novels, shows the effects of alcoholism in a working-class neighbourhood by focusing on the rise and decline of a laundress, Gervaise Macquart. Zola’s use of slang, not only by the characters but…

  • assonance (prosody)

    Assonance, in prosody, repetition of stressed vowel sounds within words with different end consonants, as in the phrase “quite like.” It is unlike rhyme, in which initial consonants differ but both vowel and end-consonant sounds are identical, as in the phrase “quite right.” Many common phrases,

  • assortative mating (genetics)

    Assortative mating, in human genetics, a form of nonrandom mating in which pair bonds are established on the basis of phenotype (observable characteristics). For example, a person may choose a mate according to religious, cultural, or ethnic preferences, professional interests, or physical traits.

  • Assos (ancient city, Turkey)

    Assus, ancient Greek city of the Troad, located on the coast of what is now northwestern Turkey, with the island of Lesbos lying about 7 miles (11 km) offshore to the south. Founded by Aeolic colonists from Methymna in Lesbos in the 1st millennium bc, the city was constructed on the terraced

  • Assouan (Egypt)

    Aswān, city, capital of Aswān mu?āfa?ah (governorate), Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile River just below the First Cataract. It faces the island of Elephantine (modern Jazīrat Aswān), on which stand the ruins of the ancient city of Yeb. Aswān was the southern frontier of pharaonic Egypt. Its

  • Assouan (governorate, Egypt)

    Aswān, mu?āfa?ah (governorate), Upper Egypt, embracing the Nile River floodplain and immediately adjacent territories. Long and narrow in shape, it is the most southerly Egyptian governorate along the Nile; its short southern boundary forms part of the international frontier with Sudan. The

  • Assoumani, Azali (president of Comoros)

    Comoros: History: Azali Assoumani, who took control of the government. The new government was not recognized by the international community, but in July Assoumani negotiated an accord with the secessionists on the island of Anjouan. The secessionists signed an agreement that established a presidential term that would…

  • Assuan (governorate, Egypt)

    Aswān, mu?āfa?ah (governorate), Upper Egypt, embracing the Nile River floodplain and immediately adjacent territories. Long and narrow in shape, it is the most southerly Egyptian governorate along the Nile; its short southern boundary forms part of the international frontier with Sudan. The

  • Assuan (Egypt)

    Aswān, city, capital of Aswān mu?āfa?ah (governorate), Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile River just below the First Cataract. It faces the island of Elephantine (modern Jazīrat Aswān), on which stand the ruins of the ancient city of Yeb. Aswān was the southern frontier of pharaonic Egypt. Its

  • assumed risk defense (law)

    insurance: Liability law: These are assumed risk, contributory negligence, and the fellow servant doctrine. Under the assumed risk rule, the defendant may argue that the plaintiff has assumed the risk of loss in entering into a given venture and understands the risks. Employers formerly used the assumed risk doctrine in…

  • assumpsit (law)

    Assumpsit, (Latin: “he has undertaken”), in common law, an action to recover damages for breach of contract. Originating in the 14th century as a form of recovery for the negligent performance of an undertaking, this action gradually came to cover the many kinds of agreement called for by an

  • Assumption (Christianity)

    Assumption, in Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic theology, the notion or (in Roman Catholicism) the doctrine that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was taken (assumed) into heaven, body and soul, following the end of her life on Earth. There is no mention of the Assumption in the New Testament, although

  • Assumption (painting by Francia)

    Francia: …such works as his “Assumption” (1504) with its gentle landscape filled with picturesque rock formations and delicate trees in the Umbrian manner and elongated figures that recall those of Costa. Although a large number of repetitious Madonnas were produced in his workshop—e.g., “The Madonna and Child and Two Angels”…

  • Assumption (painting by Giovanni di Paolo)

    Giovanni di Paolo: …period, of which the coarse Assumption polyptych of 1475 from Staggia constitutes the last important work.

  • Assumption (painting by Titian)

    Titian: Religious paintings: …his most revolutionary masterpieces, the Assumption (1516–18). This large and at the same time monumental composition occupies the high altar of Santa Maria dei Frari in Venice, a position that fully justifies the spectacular nature of the Virgin’s triumph as she ascends heavenward, accompanied by a large semicircular array of…

  • Assumption Belfry (building, Moscow, Russia)

    Western architecture: Kievan Rus and Russia: …the erection of the imposing Assumption Belfry, begun in 1532 and built as a complement to the adjacent Ivan the Great Bell Tower. The colossal white stone “column of fame,” with its golden cupola gleaming above the Kremlin hill, was the definite expression of an era, reflecting the tastes and…

  • assumption of risk (law)

    insurance: Liability law: These are assumed risk, contributory negligence, and the fellow servant doctrine. Under the assumed risk rule, the defendant may argue that the plaintiff has assumed the risk of loss in entering into a given venture and understands the risks. Employers formerly used the assumed risk doctrine in…

  • assumption of risk defence (law)

    insurance: Liability law: These are assumed risk, contributory negligence, and the fellow servant doctrine. Under the assumed risk rule, the defendant may argue that the plaintiff has assumed the risk of loss in entering into a given venture and understands the risks. Employers formerly used the assumed risk doctrine in…

  • Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Basilica of the (cathedral, Baltimore, Maryland, United States)

    Benjamin Latrobe: …most famous work is the Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic cathedral of Baltimore (begun 1805), a severe, beautifully proportioned structure slightly marred by the onion-shaped domes added, after Latrobe’s death, to the towers above the portico. Also in Baltimore is his Exchange (1820).

  • Assumption of the Virgin (work by Grünewald)

    Matthias Grünewald: …to the altarpiece of the Assumption of the Virgin recently completed by the painter Albrecht Dürer. These wings depicting four saints are painted in grisaille (shades of gray) and already show the artist at the height of his powers. Like Grünewald’s drawings, which are done primarily in black chalk with…

  • Assumption of the Virgin (religious motif)

    Correggio: Mature works: The fresco of the Assumption of the Virgin in the dome of the cathedral of Parma marks the culmination of Correggio’s career as a mural painter. This fresco (a painting in plaster with water-soluble pigments) anticipates the Baroque style of dramatically illusionistic ceiling painting. The entire architectural surface is…

  • Assumption, Cathedral of the (cathedral, Moscow, Russia)

    Moscow: The Kremlin: The Cathedral of the Assumption is the oldest, built of white stone in 1475–79 in the Italianate-Byzantine style. Its pure, simple, and beautifully proportioned lines and elegant arches are crowned by five golden domes. The Orthodox metropolitans and patriarchs of the 14th to 18th centuries are…

  • Assumption, Cathedral of the (cathedral, Volodymyr-Volynskyy, Ukraine)

    Western architecture: Kievan Rus and Russia: …monuments of Vladimir-Suzdal are the church of the Assumption (1158–89), which was to serve as a model for its namesake in the Moscow Kremlin; the church of the Intercession of the Virgin on the Nerl, one of the loveliest creations of medieval Russia (1165); and the church of St. Dmitri…

  • Assumption, Cathedral of the (cathedral, Sergiyev Posad, Russia)

    Sergiyev Posad: …with its later tower; the Cathedral of the Assumption (1559–85), containing frescoes of 1684; the late 17th-century refectory; and the 18th-century bell tower. There is a museum of toys in the monastery. Modern Sergiyev Posad has engineering and diverse light industries. The city still holds an annual international fair. Pop.…

  • Assumption, Cathedral of the (cathedral, Altamura, Italy)

    Altamura: The Romanesque-style Cathedral of the Assumption, begun in 1232 by Frederick, has been restored several times. The richly carved portal and central rose window in its facade are notable. The Pulo di Altamura, about 4 miles (6 km) away, is a limestone abyss, 1,640 feet (500 m)…

  • Assumptionists (Roman Catholic congregation)

    Emmanuel d' Alzon: …(1845) the congregation of the Augustinians of the Assumption, dedicated to education and to missionary work; it received papal approval in 1864. To help in this work he also founded a congregation of women, the Oblates of the Assumption. He was sent in 1863 to establish a mission in Constantinople…

  • Assur (ancient city, Iraq)

    Ashur, ancient religious capital of Assyria, located on the west bank of the Tigris River in northern Iraq. The first scientific excavations there were conducted by a German expedition (1903–13) led by Walter Andrae. Ashur was a name applied to the city, to the country, and to the principal god of

  • Assur-nasir-apli I (king of Assyria)

    Ashurnasirpal I, king of Assyria 1050–32 bc, when it was at a low ebb in power and prosperity caused by widespread famine and the pressure of western desert nomads, against whom Ashurnasirpal warred constantly. His father, Shamshi-Adad IV, a son of Tiglath-pileser I, was placed on the throne of

  • Assur-nasir-apli II (king of Assyria)

    Ashurnasirpal II, king of Assyria 883–859 bce, whose major accomplishment was the consolidation of the conquests of his father, Tukulti-Ninurta II, leading to the establishment of the New Assyrian empire. Although, by his own testimony, he was a brilliant general and administrator, he is perhaps

  • Assurbanipal (king of Assyria)

    Ashurbanipal, last of the great kings of Assyria (reigned 668 to 627 bc), who assembled in Nineveh the first systematically organized library in the ancient Middle East. The life of this vigorous ruler of an empire ranging initially from the Persian Gulf to Cilicia, Syria, and Egypt can be largely

  • assured mail delivery

    special delivery: …a service known as “assured mail delivery,” which guarantees overnight delivery of certain mail to any part of the country. In Great Britain rapid conveyance of urgent letters is provided by the so-called night mail system, in which mail is sorted for immediate delivery in traveling post offices (TPOs)…

  • Assus (ancient city, Turkey)

    Assus, ancient Greek city of the Troad, located on the coast of what is now northwestern Turkey, with the island of Lesbos lying about 7 miles (11 km) offshore to the south. Founded by Aeolic colonists from Methymna in Lesbos in the 1st millennium bc, the city was constructed on the terraced

  • Assyria (ancient kingdom, Mesopotamia)

    Assyria, kingdom of northern Mesopotamia that became the centre of one of the great empires of the ancient Middle East. It was located in what is now northern Iraq and southeastern Turkey. A brief treatment of Assyria follows. For full treatment, see Mesopotamia, history of: The Rise of Assyria.

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