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  • Anselm of the Virgin Mary, Father (French genealogist)

    Anselm Of Saint Mary, genealogist and friar whose history of the French royal family and nobility is a valuable source of detailed and unusual information. Anselm entered the order of the Discalced Hermits of St. Augustine in 1644 and, remaining in their monastery (Couvent des Petits Pères),

  • Anselme de Laon (French theologian)

    Anselm Of Laon, theologian who became eminent in early Scholasticism. Anselm apparently studied at Bec, Fr., under St. Anselm of Canterbury. In the final quarter of the 11th century, he taught with distinction at Paris, where with William of Champeaux he supported realism. About 1100 he returned t

  • Anselme de Sainte-Marie (French genealogist)

    Anselm Of Saint Mary, genealogist and friar whose history of the French royal family and nobility is a valuable source of detailed and unusual information. Anselm entered the order of the Discalced Hermits of St. Augustine in 1644 and, remaining in their monastery (Couvent des Petits Pères),

  • Anselme, Nicolas (French actor)

    Baptiste, one of the leading actors of sentimental comedy (comédie larmoyante) in France. After two provincial engagements, Baptiste went to Paris in 1791. In 1793 he joined the Théatre de la République and in 1799 the Comédie-Fran?aise, from which he retired in 1828. He was not successful in

  • Anselme, Paul-Eustache (French comedian)

    Baptiste: …was survived by his brother Paul-Eustache Anselme, called Baptiste the Younger, who had made a name for himself as a comedian.

  • Anselme, Père (French genealogist)

    Anselm Of Saint Mary, genealogist and friar whose history of the French royal family and nobility is a valuable source of detailed and unusual information. Anselm entered the order of the Discalced Hermits of St. Augustine in 1644 and, remaining in their monastery (Couvent des Petits Pères),

  • Anselmo da Baggio (pope)

    Alexander II, pope from 1061 to 1073. At Bec in Normandy he studied under the Benedictine scholar Lanfranc, who later became archbishop of Canterbury. As bishop of Lucca, Anselm worked for the abolition of simony and the enforcement of clerical celibacy. His election as Pope Alexander II was

  • Anselmo di Lucca (pope)

    Alexander II, pope from 1061 to 1073. At Bec in Normandy he studied under the Benedictine scholar Lanfranc, who later became archbishop of Canterbury. As bishop of Lucca, Anselm worked for the abolition of simony and the enforcement of clerical celibacy. His election as Pope Alexander II was

  • Anser (bird genus)

    Anser, bird genus of the family Anatidae (order Anseriformes). For a general discussion of the genus, see goose; for A. Albifrons, see white-fronted goose; for A. anser, see greylag; for A. caerulescens, see snow

  • Anser albifrons (bird)

    White-fronted goose, (species Anser albifrons), rather small, dark-bodied goose with white forehead, yellow bill, and irregular black patches on the belly; it is classified in the tribe Anserini of the family Anatidae (order Anseriformes). Breeding in the Arctic, the white-fronted goose, which

  • Anser albifrons albifrons (bird variety)

    white-fronted goose: The European white-fronted goose (Anser a. albifrons) winters in western Europe, the British Isles, and Central Asia. The largest form, the tule goose (A. a. gambelli), winters only in the Sacramento Valley, California.

  • Anser albifrons gambelli (bird variety)

    white-fronted goose: The largest form, the tule goose (A. a. gambelli), winters only in the Sacramento Valley, California.

  • Anser anser (bird)

    Greylag, (Anser anser), most common Eurasian representative of the so-called gray goose and ancestor of all Occidental domestic geese. It belongs to the subfamily Anserinae, family Anatidae (order Anseriformes). It nests in temperate regions and winters from Britain to North Africa, India, and

  • Anser caerulescens (bird)

    Snow goose, (Chen caerulescens), a species of North American goose that may be either white or dark with black wingtips and pink legs and a bill with black gape (“grin”), belonging to the family Anatidae (order Anseriformes). Two subspecies are recognized. The lesser snow goose (Chen caerulescens

  • Anser cygnoides (bird)

    goose: …of northern Eurasia, and the swan goose (A. cygnoides), a wild goose from eastern Asia. Unlike its monogamous wild cousins, domestic geese are polygamous and thus more productive for commercial uses. The largest and most-popular domestic meat goose is the Toulouse. A by-product of goose-meat production especially important in Europe…

  • Anser indicus (bird)

    anseriform: Locomotion: …metres (10,000 feet), and the barheaded goose (Anser indicus), breeding in Tibet and wintering in India, must fly at 6,000 metres (20,000 feet) to get through the Himalayan passes.

  • Anseranas semipalmata (bird)

    Magpie goose, (Anseranas semipalmata), large unusual waterfowl of Australia and Papua New Guinea. Although classified by many ornithologists as the sole member of the subfamily Anseranatinae in family Anatidae (ducks, geese, and swans), it may merit recognition as a separate family in order

  • Anseranatinae (bird subfamily)

    anseriform: Annotated classification: Subfamily Anseranatinae (magpie goose) 1 species of northern Australia and New Guinea. Features shared with both the screamers and the swans and geese. Family Anhimidae (screamers) 3 species in 2 genera of South America. Short, curved, nonlamellate

  • Anseres (bird family)

    Anatidae, bird family that includes ducks, geese, and swans and constitutes the suborder Anseres—by far the larger part of the order Anseriformes. A widely accepted system of classification divides the Anatidae into 3 subfamilies and 8 to 12 tribes, as follows: Family Anatidae Subfamily

  • anseriform (bird order)

    Anseriform, any of more than 160 species constituting the bird order Anseriformes, which comprises the ducks, geese, and swans (family Anatidae) and the screamers (the three species of family Anhimidae). Anatidae comprises about 147 species of medium to large birds, usually associated with

  • Anseriformes (bird order)

    Anseriform, any of more than 160 species constituting the bird order Anseriformes, which comprises the ducks, geese, and swans (family Anatidae) and the screamers (the three species of family Anhimidae). Anatidae comprises about 147 species of medium to large birds, usually associated with

  • Anserinae (bird subfamily)

    anseriform: Annotated classification: Subfamily Anserinae (swans and typical geese) 24 species in 6 genera with breeding distribution primarily in the Northern Hemisphere. Legs short to medium; neck medium to long. Sexes similar in plumage, voice, and behaviour, includes “triumph” ceremony and precopulatory head dipping. Long pair bond and extended…

  • Ansermet, Ernest (Swiss conductor)

    Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor known for his authoritative interpretations of the works of 20th-century French and Russian composers and for his keen intellectual approach to problems of contemporary musical aesthetics. Ansermet studied at Lausanne and from 1906 to 1910 taught mathematics there.

  • Ansett Airways Proprietary Ltd. (Australian company)

    Ansett Transport Industries Limited, former Australian conglomerate founded in 1936 (as Ansett Airways Proprietary Ltd.) by Reginald Ansett. It ceased operations in 2001. Ansett (Sir Reginald since 1969) began in 1931 with a motorcar passenger service in the Western District of the state of

  • Ansett Transport Industries Limited (Australian company)

    Ansett Transport Industries Limited, former Australian conglomerate founded in 1936 (as Ansett Airways Proprietary Ltd.) by Reginald Ansett. It ceased operations in 2001. Ansett (Sir Reginald since 1969) began in 1931 with a motorcar passenger service in the Western District of the state of

  • Ansett, Sir Reginald Myles (Australian pilot and businessman)

    Sir Reginald Myles Ansett, Australian pilot and businessman who started his own airline and subsidiary services. Ansett was educated at Swinburne Technical College (now Swinburne University), Victoria, and, starting with one £A50 car, built up a taxi fleet in western Victoria. He also learned to

  • Ansgar, Saint (missionary)

    Saint Ansgar, ; canonized 865; feast day February 3), missionary of medieval Europe, first archbishop of Hamburg, and the patron saint of Scandinavia. Of noble birth, Ansgar entered the Benedictine abbey of Corbie in Picardy, where he was educated. After 823 he taught in the monastic school at

  • Anshan (China)

    Anshan, city, central Liaoning sheng (province), China. It lies about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Shenyang (Mukden). Originally a post station on the road from northern China to Liaoyang in the Northeast, Anshan was made a town in 1379 and fortified as part of the defenses set up by the Ming

  • Anshan (ancient territory, Iran)

    Anshan, city and territory of ancient Elam, north of modern Shīrāz, southwestern Iran. The city’s ruins, covering 350 acres, have yielded major archaeological finds, including examples of early Elamite writing. Anshan came to prominence about 2350 bc as an enemy of the Mesopotamian dynasty of A

  • Anshar (Mesopotamian mythology)

    Anshar and Kishar, in Mesopotamian mythology, the male and female principles, the twin horizons of sky and earth. Their parents were either Apsu (the watery deep beneath the earth) and Tiamat (the personification of salt water) or Lahmu and Lahamu, the first set of twins born to Apsu and Tiamat.

  • Anshe Kneset ha-Gedola (ancient Jewish assembly)

    Kneset ha-Gedola, (“Men of the Great Assembly”), assembly of Jewish religious leaders who, after returning (539 bc) to their homeland from the Babylonian Exile, initiated a new era in the history of Judaism. The assembly dates from the Persian period, of which very little factual history is k

  • Anshun (China)

    Anshun, city, west central Guizhou sheng (province), China. Anshun, a county-level municipality, is located along the strategic passage to Yunnan province to the west and has long been an important thoroughfare between Yunnan and Guizhou. Anshun, called Yelang state during the period of the Warring

  • ANSI (American organization)

    drafting: Standards: …in the United States the American National Standards Institute and its predecessors have encouraged this process and published standards for projections, various types of sections, dimensioning and tolerancing, representation of screw threads, all types of fasteners, graphic symbols for various specialties, and a great deal more. In other industrialized nations,…

  • ANSI Standard C (computer programming language)

    C, computer programming language developed in the early 1970s by American computer scientist Dennis M. Ritchie at Bell Laboratories (formerly AT&T Bell Laboratories). C was designed as a minimalist language to be used in writing operating systems for minicomputers, such as the DEC PDP 7, which had

  • Ansichten eines Clowns (novel by Boll)

    The Clown, novel by Heinrich B?ll, published in 1963 as Ansichten eines Clowns. Set in West Germany during the period of recovery following World War II, the novel examines the hypocrisy of contemporary German society in repressing memory of the historical past in order to concentrate on material

  • Ansikte mot ansikte (film by Bergman [1976])

    Liv Ullmann: …included Ansikte mot ansikte (1976; Face to Face), for which Ullmann received an Academy Award nomination, and the TV movie Saraband (2003). Ullmann also garnered an Oscar nod for her performance in the historical drama Utvandrarna (1971; The Emigrants), which was directed by Jan Troell.

  • Ansip, Andrus (prime minister of Estonia)

    Estonia: Independence restored: …Reform Party and Prime Minister Andrus Ansip, the government responded to the challenges of the European financial crisis with an austerity program that kept the country’s economy strong enough for Estonia to join the euro zone in 2011. Ansip, his personal popularity slipping, stepped down in February 2014. He was…

  • Anskar (biography by Saint Rembert)

    Germanic religion and mythology: Early medieval records: Ansgar (or Anskar), a 9th-century missionary and now patron saint of Scandinavia, who twice visited the royal seat, Bj?rk?, in eastern Sweden, and noticed some religious practices, among them the worship of a dead king. Ansgar was well received by the Swedes, but it was much later…

  • Anskar, Saint (missionary)

    Saint Ansgar, ; canonized 865; feast day February 3), missionary of medieval Europe, first archbishop of Hamburg, and the patron saint of Scandinavia. Of noble birth, Ansgar entered the Benedictine abbey of Corbie in Picardy, where he was educated. After 823 he taught in the monastic school at

  • Ansky, S. (Russian writer)

    S. Ansky, Russian Jewish writer and folklorist best known for his play The Dybbuk. Ansky was educated in a ?asidic environment and as a young man was attracted to the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskala) and to the populist doctrines of the Narodniki, a group of socialist revolutionaries. For a time he

  • Ansley Wilcox Mansion (house, Buffalo, New York, United States)

    Buffalo: History: The Ansley Wilcox Mansion, where Theodore Roosevelt took the oath of office following the assassination, was dedicated a national historic site in 1966. Niagara Square, dominated by the McKinley Monument and site of the City Hall (1932) and federal buildings, is the focus of the city.

  • Anson, Adrian Constantine (American athlete)

    Cap Anson, American baseball player and manager who played professionally for 27 years and was still in his team’s regular lineup at the age of 45. He batted .300 or better for 23 seasons and was the most famous player of the 19th century. Anson played in the National Association, the first

  • Anson, Cap (American athlete)

    Cap Anson, American baseball player and manager who played professionally for 27 years and was still in his team’s regular lineup at the age of 45. He batted .300 or better for 23 seasons and was the most famous player of the 19th century. Anson played in the National Association, the first

  • Anson, George Anson, Baron (British admiral)

    George Anson, Baron Anson, British admiral whose four-year voyage around the world is one of the great tales of naval heroism. The reforms he instituted as a naval administrator increased the efficiency of the British fleet and contributed to its success in the Seven Years’ War (1756–63) against

  • Anson, Pop (American athlete)

    Cap Anson, American baseball player and manager who played professionally for 27 years and was still in his team’s regular lineup at the age of 45. He batted .300 or better for 23 seasons and was the most famous player of the 19th century. Anson played in the National Association, the first

  • Ansongo (Mali)

    Ansongo, town, southeastern Mali, West Africa, on the Niger River. It is a mining (antimony) and agricultural (grains, livestock) marketing centre. Prospecting for uranium began in the late 1970s. The Niger is navigable for about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) above Ansongo. Directly to the east is the

  • Ansonia (Connecticut, United States)

    Ansonia, city, coextensive with the town (township) of Ansonia, New Haven county, southwestern Connecticut, U.S., on the Naugatuck River. The area was a part of the township of Derby until it was incorporated as a separate township in 1889. Ansonia’s separate identity had been established in 1843,

  • Ansonia Board of Education v. Philbrook (law case)

    Ansonia Board of Education v. Philbrook, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on November 17, 1986, ruled (8–1) that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964—which bans religious and other forms of discrimination in employment and requires employers to “reasonably accommodate” the religious

  • Anspach (Germany)

    Ansbach, city, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It lies on the Rezat River, southwest of Nürnberg. Ansbach originated around the Benedictine monastery of Onolzbach (founded 748) and was sold to a Franconian branch of the Hohenzollern line (later margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Bayreuth) in

  • Anstey, Christopher (British poet)

    Christopher Anstey, poet whose epistolary verse narrative, The New Bath Guide, went through more than 30 editions between 1766 and 1830. After an education at Eton and at King’s College, Cambridge, Anstey in 1754 inherited an independent income; and in 1770 he settled permanently at Bath,

  • Ansúrez, Count Pedro (Spanish noble)

    Valladolid: …1074 from Alfonso VI to Count Pedro Ansúrez granting him the lordship of the place. Under Ansúrez, Valladolid grew into a city of considerable importance. From the reign of Alfonso VII (12th century) to that of Philip II (and again from 1600 to 1606 under Philip III), it was the…

  • answer (grammar)

    applied logic: Logic of questions and answers: The logic of questions and answers, also known as erotetic logic, can be approached in different ways. The most general approach treats it as a branch of epistemic logic. The connection is mediated by what are known as the “desiderata” of questions. Given a direct question—for example, “Who murdered Dick?”—its…

  • answer (musical fugue)

    fugue: Elements of the fugue: …scale), and is called the answer; the third statement returns to the main key; the fourth statement, if there is one, typically is in the dominant key again. If the melody of the answer is an exact transposition of the subject, into the new key, it is a real answer;…

  • Answer As A Man (novel by Caldwell)

    Taylor Caldwell: Her 1981 novel Answer as a Man made the New York Times best-seller list before its official publication date, and many of her books were dramatized for motion pictures or television.

  • answer print (photography)

    motion-picture technology: Film processing and printing: …a composite print called the answer print. (The first answer print is rarely the same as the final release print.) After all colour-correction and timing takes place, the information is recorded on perforated paper tape that serves to control both the exposure for each shot and the louvered filters that…

  • Answer quhilk Schir David Lyndsay maid to the Kingis Flyting, An (work by Lyndsay)

    Sir David Lyndsay: …king and court; and his An Answer quhilk Schir David Lyndsay maid to the Kingis Flyting (1536) is a ribald example of the game of poetic abuse (“flyting”) practiced by Celtic poets. The Complaynt and Publict Confessioun of the Kingis Auld Hound callit Bagsche (c. 1536) is a short didactic…

  • Answer, the (American basketball player)

    Allen Iverson, American basketball player known for both explosive play on the court and controversy away from the game. He became the first great athlete to be strongly identified with the hip-hop movement. Athletic success and controversy came to Iverson at an early age. At Bethel High School, he

  • Answered Prayers (novel by Capote)

    Truman Capote: …masterpiece, a social satire entitled Answered Prayers, appeared in Esquire in 1975–76 and raised a storm among friends and foes who were harshly depicted in the work (under the thinnest of disguises). He was thereafter ostracized by his former celebrity friends. The book, which had not been completed at the…

  • Answered Prayers: The Unfinished Novel (novel by Capote)

    Truman Capote: …masterpiece, a social satire entitled Answered Prayers, appeared in Esquire in 1975–76 and raised a storm among friends and foes who were harshly depicted in the work (under the thinnest of disguises). He was thereafter ostracized by his former celebrity friends. The book, which had not been completed at the…

  • answering machine (electronics)

    voice mail: …mail is distinguished from an answering machine by its ability to provide service to multiple phone lines and by the more sophisticated functions that it offers in addition to recording messages.

  • Answers (British newspaper)

    Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe: …soon shortening the name to Answers. As the paper gained public favour, he was joined by his brother Harold, whose financial ability and capacity for attracting advertising, combined with Alfred’s genius for sensing the public taste, made it a success. Answers was followed by many other inexpensive popular periodicals, chief…

  • Answers to Correspondents (British newspaper)

    Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe: …soon shortening the name to Answers. As the paper gained public favour, he was joined by his brother Harold, whose financial ability and capacity for attracting advertising, combined with Alfred’s genius for sensing the public taste, made it a success. Answers was followed by many other inexpensive popular periodicals, chief…

  • ANT (American theatrical company)

    American Negro Theatre (ANT), African American theatre company that was active in the Harlem district of New York City from 1940 to 1951. It provided professional training and critical exposure to African American actors, actresses, and playwrights by creating and producing plays concerning diverse

  • ant (insect)

    Ant, (family Formicidae), any of approximately 10,000 species of insects (order Hymenoptera) that are social in habit and live together in organized colonies. Ants occur worldwide but are especially common in hot climates. They range in size from about 2 to 25 mm (about 0.08 to 1 inch). Their

  • ant bear (mammal)

    Aardvark, (Orycteropus afer), stocky African mammal found south of the Sahara Desert in savanna and semiarid areas. The name aardvark—Afrikaans for “earth pig”—refers to its piglike face and burrowing habits. The aardvark weighs up to 65 kg (145 pounds) and measures up to 2.2 metres (7.2 feet)

  • ant bear (mammal)

    anteater: The giant anteater: The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), sometimes called the ant bear, is the largest member of the anteater family and is best known in the tropical grasslands (Llanos) of Venezuela, where it is still common. It was once found in the lowland forests of…

  • ant cow (insect)

    Aphid, (family Aphididae), any of a group of sap-sucking, soft-bodied insects (order Homoptera) that are about the size of a pinhead, most species of which have a pair of tubelike projections (cornicles) on the abdomen. Aphids can be serious plant pests and may stunt plant growth, produce plant

  • ant lion (insect)

    Antlion, (family Myrmeleontidae), any of a group of insects (order Neuroptera) that are named for the predatory nature of the larva, which trap ants and other small insects in pits dug into the ground. Antlions are found throughout the world, primarily in dry, sandy regions. The antlion larva digs

  • ant plant (botany)
  • ANT-4 (aircraft)

    Tupolev: …notable Soviet airplanes including the TB-1 (ANT-4), the world’s first all-metal, twin-engine, cantilever-wing bomber and one of the largest planes built in the 1920s. Two Tupolev aircraft from the early 1930s, the giant, eight-engine ANT-20 airliner (Maksim Gorky) and the ANT-25 bomber, set world records for size and long-distance flights,…

  • ant-loving cricket (insect)

    cricket: Ant-loving crickets (subfamily Myrmecophilinae) are minute (3 to 5 mm long), wingless, and humpbacked. They live in ant nests. Wingless bush crickets (subfamily Mogoplistinae) are generally found on bushes or under debris in sandy tropical areas near water. They are slender crickets, 5 to 13…

  • Ant-Man (film by Reed [2015])

    Ant-Man and the Wasp: The live-action Ant-Man (2015) took place in Marvel’s cinematic universe and cast Paul Rudd as Scott Lang and Michael Douglas as an aging Hank Pym. Although it marked something of a departure from the formula established in Marvel’s other big-screen offerings, the superheroic heist film was praised…

  • Ant-Man (fictional character)

    Ant-Man and the Wasp: Ant-Man debuted in Tales to Astonish no. 27 (January 1962), and the Wasp first appeared in Tales to Astonish no. 44 (June 1963).

  • Ant-Man and the Wasp (fictional characters)

    Ant-Man and the Wasp, comic strip superheroes created for Marvel Comics by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. Ant-Man debuted in Tales to Astonish no. 27 (January 1962), and the Wasp first appeared in Tales to Astonish no. 44 (June 1963). Dr. Henry (Hank) Pym—a brilliant, if reckless—scientist has discovered

  • Ant-Man and the Wasp (film by Reed [2018])

    Ant-Man and the Wasp: …War (2016), and Ant-Man’s sequel, Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018), also received favourable reviews. That film was praised for expanding the role of its female protagonist, Hope van Dyne (played by Evangeline Lilly), the daughter of Pym and Janet van Dyne, to become the new incarnation of the Wasp. Rudd…

  • anta (architecture)

    Anta, in architecture, slightly projecting column at the end of a wall, produced by either a thickening of the wall or attachment of a separate strip. The former type, commonly flanking porches of Greek and Roman temples, is a masonry vestige of the wooden structural posts used to reinforce the

  • Anta (literary group)

    Cassiano Ricardo: …the early 1920s in the “Anta” subgroup of literary Modernism, which urged a nationalistic rediscovery of the land and its indigenous folkloric traditions. Martim Cererê (1928), perhaps his best-known collection of poems, dates from this period. From nationalism, Ricardo evolved toward the compassionate, universal, “post-atomic” worldview evident in Jeremias sem-chorar…

  • Antabuse (drug)

    organosulfur compound: Thiocarbonyl compounds: The related compound disulfiram (Antabuse; R = CH2CH3) is used in treating alcoholism. A thioamide, ethionamide, is an important drug used in the treatment of tuberculosis, and other thioamides are used as peptide analogs and in peptide synthesis.

  • antacid (medicine)

    Antacid, any substance, such as sodium bicarbonate, magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, or aluminum hydroxide, used to counteract or neutralize gastric acids and relieve the discomfort caused by gastric acidity. Indigestion, gastritis, and several forms of ulcers are alleviated by the use of

  • antae (architecture)

    Anta, in architecture, slightly projecting column at the end of a wall, produced by either a thickening of the wall or attachment of a separate strip. The former type, commonly flanking porches of Greek and Roman temples, is a masonry vestige of the wooden structural posts used to reinforce the

  • Antae (people)

    Antae, federation of eastern Slavic nomadic tribes known by the 3rd century ad, dwelling in southern Russia between the Dnieper and Dniester rivers. A powerful people with highly developed agriculture, handicrafts, and ironwork, the Antae fought the Goths, who were fleeing westward from the Huns in

  • Antaeus (Greek mythology)

    Antaeus, in Greek mythology, a giant of Libya, the son of the sea god Poseidon and the Earth goddess Gaea. He compelled all strangers who were passing through the country to wrestle with him. Whenever Antaeus touched the Earth (his mother), his strength was renewed, so that even if thrown to the

  • Antagonía (work by Goytisolo)

    Spanish literature: The novel: …most significant accomplishment, his tetralogy Antagonía, comprises Recuento (1973; “Recounting”), Los verdes de mayo hasta el mar (1976; “May’s Greenery as Far as the Sea”), La cólera de Aquiles (1979; “The Rage of Achilles”), and Teoría del conocimiento (1981; “Theory of Knowledge”), which reveal him as a consummate practitioner of…

  • antagonism (behaviour)

    Agonism, survivalist animal behaviour that includes aggression, defense, and avoidance. The term is favoured by biologists who recognize that the behavioral bases and stimuli for approach and fleeing are often the same, the actual behaviour exhibited depending on other factors, especially the d

  • antagonism (ecology)

    Antagonism, in ecology, an association between organisms in which one benefits at the expense of the other. As life has evolved, natural selection has favoured organisms that are able to efficiently extract energy and nutrients from their environment. Because organisms are concentrated packages of

  • antagonism (drug)

    pharmaceutical industry: Contribution of scientific knowledge to drug discovery: …antihypertensive drugs, the AT1 receptor antagonists, was developed. Agonists are drugs or naturally occurring substances that activate physiologic receptors, whereas antagonists are drugs that block those receptors. In this case, angiotensin II is an agonist at AT1 receptors, and the antihypertensive AT1 drugs are antagonists. Antihypertensives illustrate the value of…

  • antagonist (literature)

    Antagonist, in literature, the principal opponent or foil of the main character, who is referred to as the protagonist, in a drama or narrative. The word is from the Greek antagnist?s, “opponent or

  • antagonist (drug)

    pharmaceutical industry: Contribution of scientific knowledge to drug discovery: …antihypertensive drugs, the AT1 receptor antagonists, was developed. Agonists are drugs or naturally occurring substances that activate physiologic receptors, whereas antagonists are drugs that block those receptors. In this case, angiotensin II is an agonist at AT1 receptors, and the antihypertensive AT1 drugs are antagonists. Antihypertensives illustrate the value of…

  • antagonist (biology)

    plant disease: Biological control: These organisms are called antagonists; they may occur naturally within the host’s environment, or they may be purposefully applied to those parts of the potential host plant where they can act directly or indirectly on the pathogen.

  • antagonist muscle (physiology)

    animal: Types of skeletons and their distribution: …two layers of muscles (antagonists) oriented at right angles to one another; the inside contains an incompressible fluid or gel. The contraction of one set of muscles exerts a pressure on the fluid, which is forced to move at right angles to the squeezing antagonist. The movement of the…

  • antagonistic behaviour (behaviour)

    Agonism, survivalist animal behaviour that includes aggression, defense, and avoidance. The term is favoured by biologists who recognize that the behavioral bases and stimuli for approach and fleeing are often the same, the actual behaviour exhibited depending on other factors, especially the d

  • antagonistic coevolution (biology)

    water strider: … demonstrate a phenomenon known as antagonistic coevolution. Females have a shield that covers their genitalia, which protects them against forced copulation and is believed to allow for mate selectivity. To increase mating opportunities, males counterevolved a strategy of vibrational signaling that attracts both females and predators. During copulation the female…

  • Antaimoro (people)

    Antaimoro, a Malagasy people living on and near the southeastern coast of Madagascar. Numbering about 350,000 in the late 20th century, the Antaimoro (“People of the Coast”) speak one of the Malagasy languages, a group of closely related Western Austronesian languages. Traditionally the Antaimoro

  • Antakya (modern and ancient city, south-central Turkey)

    Antioch, populous city of ancient Syria and now a major town of south-central Turkey. It lies near the mouth of the Orontes River, about 12 miles (19 km) northwest of the Syrian border. Antioch was founded in 300 bce by Seleucus I Nicator, a former general of Alexander the Great. The new city soon

  • Antakya (ancient city, west-central Turkey)

    Antioch, ancient city in Phrygia, near the Pisidian border, close to modern Yalva?, in west-central Turkey. Founded by Seleucus I Nicator (c. 358–281 bc), it was made a free city in 189 bc by the Romans, who took direct control about 25 bc; soon thereafter the emperor Augustus made it a colony with

  • Antal (Indian poet)

    South Asian arts: Bhakti poetry: ā??ā? (8th century), a Vai??ava poetess, is literally love-sick for Krishna. Periyā?vār, her father, sings of Krishna in the aspect of a divine child, originating a new genre of celebrant poetry. Kulacēkarar, a Cēra prince, sings of both Rāma and Krishna, identifying himself with several…

  • Antalcidas, Peace of (ancient Greek history)

    ancient Iran: Artaxerxes I to Darius III: …request, and dictate the so-called King’s Peace of 387–386 bc. Once again the Greeks gave up any claim to Asia Minor and further agreed to maintain the status quo in Greece itself.

  • Antall, József (prime minister of Hungary)

    József Antall, politician and prime minister of Hungary from 1990 until his death in 1993. Antall was the son of a government official who aided Polish refugees and Jews during World War II. Trained as a history teacher, archivist, librarian, and museologist, Antall taught for a time in a Budapest

  • Antalya (Turkey)

    Antalya, city and Mediterranean Sea port, southwestern Turkey. It is situated on the Gulf of Antalya. Attalia was founded as a seaport in the 2nd century bce by Attalus II Philadelphus, a king of Pergamum. It was bequeathed to the Romans by his successor, Attalus III Philometor Euergetes. St. Paul,

  • Antalya Plain (plain, Turkey)

    Turkey: The southern folded zone: The Antalya Plain extends inland some 20 miles (30 km) from the Gulf of Antalya; the Adana Plain, measuring roughly 90 by 60 miles (145 by 100 km), comprises the combined deltas of the Seyhan and Ceyhan rivers. The mountain system falls into two main parts.…

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