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  • Annaud, Jean-Jacques (French director)
  • ?Annazid dynasty (Kurdish dynasty)

    ?Annazid dynasty, Kurdish dynasty (c. 990/991–1117) that ruled territory on what is now the Iran-Iraq frontier in the central Zagros Mountain region, with major centres that included Dīnawar, Shahrazūr, and Kermānshāh. The ?Annazids oversaw a general period of political instability and, later

  • Anne (queen of Great Britain and Ireland)

    Anne, queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1702 to 1714, who was the last Stuartmonarch. She wished to rule independently, but her intellectual limitations and chronic ill health caused her to rely heavily on her ministers, who directed England’s efforts against France and Spain in the War of

  • Anne and Joachim, Saints (parents of Mary)

    Saints Anne and Joachim, ; Western feast day July 26, Eastern feast day July 25), the parents of the Virgin Mary, according to tradition derived from certain apocryphal writings. St. Anne is one of the patron saints of Brittany and Canada and of women in labour. As the grandparents of Jesus, Saints

  • Anne Arundel (county, Maryland, United States)

    Anne Arundel, county, central Maryland, U.S. It is bounded by the Patapsco River to the north, Chesapeake Bay to the east, and the Patuxent River to the west and is linked across the bay to Kent Island in Queen Anne’s county by the William Preston Lane, Jr., Memorial Bridge (completed 1952). The

  • Anne Arundel Town (Maryland, United States)

    Annapolis, capital of the U.S. state of Maryland and seat of Anne Arundel county. The city lies along the Severn River at its mouth on Chesapeake Bay, 27 miles (43 km) southeast of Baltimore. Settled in 1649 as Providence by Virginian Puritans, it later was known as Town Land at Proctor’s and Anne

  • Anne Boleyn (queen of England)

    Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII of England and mother of Queen Elizabeth I. The events surrounding the annulment of Henry’s marriage to his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, and his marriage to Anne led him to break with the Roman Catholic Church and brought about the English

  • Anne d’Autriche (queen of France)

    Anne of Austria, queen consort of King Louis XIII of France (reigned 1610–43) and regent during the opening years of the reign of her son King Louis XIV (from 1643). The eldest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria, Anne was married to the 14-year-old Louis XIII in November

  • Anne de Bretagne (queen consort of France)

    Anne Of Brittany, duchess of Brittany and twice queen consort of France, who devoted her life to safeguarding the autonomy of Brittany within the kingdom of France. Daughter of Duke Francis II of Brittany and Margaret of Foix, Anne succeeded to her father’s duchy on Sept. 9, 1488. The future of t

  • Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise, the Princess Royal (British royal)

    Anne, the Princess Royal, British royal, second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh. For the eight years between her mother’s accession in 1952 and the birth of Prince Andrew in 1960, she was second—to her older brother, Prince Charles—in the line of

  • Anne Frank Foundation (organization, Amsterdam, Netherlands)

    Otto Frank: …the diary’s sales to the Anne Frank Foundation in Amsterdam.

  • Anne of Austria (queen of France)

    Anne of Austria, queen consort of King Louis XIII of France (reigned 1610–43) and regent during the opening years of the reign of her son King Louis XIV (from 1643). The eldest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria, Anne was married to the 14-year-old Louis XIII in November

  • Anne of Brittany (queen consort of France)

    Anne Of Brittany, duchess of Brittany and twice queen consort of France, who devoted her life to safeguarding the autonomy of Brittany within the kingdom of France. Daughter of Duke Francis II of Brittany and Margaret of Foix, Anne succeeded to her father’s duchy on Sept. 9, 1488. The future of t

  • Anne of Cleves (queen of England)

    Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of King Henry VIII of England. Henry married Anne because he believed that he needed to form a political alliance with her brother, William, duke of Cleves, who was a leader of the Protestants of western Germany. He thought the alliance was necessary because in 1539 it

  • Anne of Denmark (queen consort of Great Britain and Ireland)

    Anne of Denmark, queen consort of King James I of Great Britain and Ireland (James VI of Scotland); although she had little direct political influence, her extravagant expenditures contributed to the financial difficulties that plagued James’s regime. The daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark

  • Anne of France (regent of France)

    Anne Of France, eldest daughter of Louis XI of France and Charlotte of Savoy, who exercised, with her husband, Pierre de Bourbon, seigneur de Beaujeu, a virtual regency in France from 1483 to 1491, during the early years of the reign of King Charles VIII. Anne’s energy, strength of will, cunning, a

  • Anne of Green Gables (novel by Montgomery)

    Anne of Green Gables, children’s novel by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery, published in 1908. The work, a sentimental but charming coming-of-age story about a spirited and unconventional orphan girl who finds a home with elderly siblings, became a classic of children’s literature and led to

  • Anne of the Thousand Days (film by Jarrott [1969])

    Richard Burton: …about a cynical British agent; Anne of the Thousand Days (1969), in which he portrayed Henry VIII; and Equus (1977), based on a play by Peter Shaffer. Other notable films included John Huston’s The Night of the Iguana (1964), Where Eagles

  • Anne, Act of (England [1709])

    diplomatic immunity: …resorted to laws—such as the Act of Anne (1709) in England, which exempted ambassadors from civil suit and arrest—or treaties—such the 17th-century agreement between England and the Ottoman Empire that forbade searches of the British embassy, exempted the servants of embassies from taxes, and allowed the ambassador wine for his…

  • Anne, Lady (fictional character)

    Richard III: He woos and marries Lady Anne, whose husband (Edward, prince of Wales) and father-in-law he has murdered, and then arranges for Anne’s death as well once she is no longer useful to him. He displays his animosity toward King Edward’s wife and then widow, Queen Elizabeth, by arranging for…

  • Anne, Queen (fictional character)

    Henry VIII: …becomes enamoured of the beautiful Anne Bullen (Boleyn) and, concerned over his lack of a male heir, expresses doubts about the validity of his marriage to Katharine, his brother’s widow. Separately, Anne, though reluctant to supplant the queen, accepts the king’s proposal. Wolsey tries to extend his power over the…

  • Anne, Saint (mother of Virgin Mary)

    Saints Anne and Joachim: Traditional account and legends: According to these noncanonical sources, Anne (Hebrew: ?annah) was born in Bethlehem in Judaea. She married Joachim, and, although they shared a wealthy and devout life at Nazareth, they eventually lamented their childlessness. Joachim, reproached at the Temple for his sterility, retreated into the countryside to pray, while Anne, grieved…

  • Anne, Statute of (Great Britain [1710])

    copyright: The Statute of Anne, passed in England in 1710, was a milestone in the history of copyright law. It recognized that authors should be the primary beneficiaries of copyright law and established the idea that such copyrights should have only limited duration (then set at 28…

  • Anne, the Princess Royal (British royal)

    Anne, the Princess Royal, British royal, second child and only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh. For the eight years between her mother’s accession in 1952 and the birth of Prince Andrew in 1960, she was second—to her older brother, Prince Charles—in the line of

  • annealing (heat treatment)

    Annealing, treatment of a metal or alloy by heating to a predetermined temperature, holding for a certain time, and then cooling to room temperature to improve ductility and reduce brittleness. Process annealing is carried out intermittently during the working of a piece of metal to restore

  • annealing (crystal-lattice effect)

    radiation: Crystal-lattice effects: The healing (or so-called annealing) is presumably attributable to the recombination of interstitial atoms and vacancies, thereby removing Frenkel defects. It is not necessary that an interstitial atom always recombine with its corresponding vacancy. Often it may recombine with a vacancy that resembles the one that it left; the…

  • annealing temperature (particle physics)

    radiation: Crystal-lattice effects: …a particular temperature called the annealing temperature, the healing becomes fast and essentially complete. The same substance may have somewhat different annealing temperatures depending on the particular property under study. Many experiments on radiation damage must be carried out at low temperatures to freeze in the defects produced. Pure metals…

  • Annecy (France)

    Annecy, city, capital of Haute-Savoie département, Auvergne-Rh?ne-Alpes région, southeastern France. It lies along the northwestern shore of Lake Annecy at the entrance to one of the cluses (transverse gorges) of the Savoy Pre-Alps, south of Geneva. Traces of the Gallo-Roman Boutae have been found

  • Annecy, Lake (lake, France)

    Alps: Geology: …of great depth such as Lake Annecy in France, Lake Constance, bordering Switzerland, Germany, and Austria, and the lakes of the Salzkammergut in Austria filled in many of the ice-scoured valleys; and enormous quantities of sands and gravels were deposited by the melting glaciers, and landslides—following the melting of much…

  • Année dernière à Marienbad, L’? (film by Resnais [1961])

    Alain Robbe-Grillet: …L’Année dernière à Marienbad (1961; Last Year at Marienbad). Ultimately, Robbe-Grillet’s work raises questions about the ambiguous relationship of objectivity and subjectivity.

  • Année terrible, L’? (work by Hugo)

    Victor Hugo: Last years (1870–85): …around him, the poet of L’Année terrible (1872), in which he recounted the siege of Paris during the “terrible year” of 1870, had become a national hero and a living symbol of republicanism in France. In 1878 Hugo was stricken by cerebral congestion, but he lived on for some years…

  • Années de pèlerinage (work by Liszt)

    Franz Liszt: Years with Marie d’Agoult: …named Années de pèlerinage (1837–54; Years of Pilgrimage), which are poetical evocations of Swiss and Italian scenes. He also wrote the first mature version of the Transcendental études (1838, 1851); these are works for solo piano based on his youthful étude en 48 exercices, but here transformed into pieces of…

  • annelid (invertebrate)

    Annelid, any member of a phylum of invertebrate animals that are characterized by the possession of a body cavity (or coelom), movable bristles (or setae), and a body divided into segments by transverse rings, or annulations, from which they take their name. The coelom is reduced in leeches, and

  • Annelida (invertebrate)

    Annelid, any member of a phylum of invertebrate animals that are characterized by the possession of a body cavity (or coelom), movable bristles (or setae), and a body divided into segments by transverse rings, or annulations, from which they take their name. The coelom is reduced in leeches, and

  • Annenberg, Walter H. (American publisher and philanthropist)

    Walter H. Annenberg, publisher, philanthropist, and art collector who served as U.S. ambassador to Britain from 1969 to 1974. Annenberg was the only son of Moses L. Annenberg (1878–1942), a poor immigrant from East Prussia who became the millionaire publisher of The Philadelphia Inquirer and the

  • Annenberg, Walter Hubert (American publisher and philanthropist)

    Walter H. Annenberg, publisher, philanthropist, and art collector who served as U.S. ambassador to Britain from 1969 to 1974. Annenberg was the only son of Moses L. Annenberg (1878–1942), a poor immigrant from East Prussia who became the millionaire publisher of The Philadelphia Inquirer and the

  • annex (circus exhibition)

    freak show: …legitimate stage, or in carnival sideshows (so named because they required a separate fee for entry from the main circus or carnival midway)—had become one of the chief attractions for American audiences. A major moment during that period was the “Revolt of the Freaks” in 1898, when a collection of…

  • annexation (law)

    Annexation, a formal act whereby a state proclaims its sovereignty over territory hitherto outside its domain. Unlike cession, whereby territory is given or sold through treaty, annexation is a unilateral act made effective by actual possession and legitimized by general recognition. Annexation is

  • Annibaldi family (Italian family)

    Italy: The southern kingdoms and the Papal States: Orsini, and Annibaldi established their fortifications amid the remains of the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Forum, and the Colosseum, and from there they fought out their ancient rivalries. Here in the 1340s rose the remarkable figure of Cola di Rienzo. A notary and the son of an…

  • Anniceris (Greek philosopher)

    Anniceris, Greek philosopher who was drawn to the ideas of the Cyrenaic school of philosophy, founded by Aristippus, and to its basically hedonistic outlook. Anniceris dedicated himself to reviving some of the original principles of the school. During his lifetime the Cyrenaic school was undergoing

  • Annie (musical theatre)

    Little Orphan Annie: …and resounding success of an Annie Broadway musical (1977–83, revived on Broadway in 1997), the strip was relaunched in 1979 with cartoonist Leonard Starr. When Starr retired in 2000, the feature was significantly redesigned and modernized by writer Jay Maeder and artist Andrew Pepoy. The Tribune Syndicate discontinued the daily…

  • Annie (film by Gluck [2014])

    Jamie Foxx: …(2014) of the classic musical Annie (1976). His film credits from 2017 included Sleepless, in which he played an undercover police officer whose teenaged son is kidnapped by gangsters, and Baby Driver, an action comedy about bank robbers. Foxx then assumed the role of Little John in an action-packed retelling…

  • Annie (film by Huston [1982])

    Carol Burnett: …The Four Seasons (1981), and Annie (1982). She displayed her dramatic skill in the television movie Friendly Fire (1979), for which she received an Emmy nomination. Aside from her work on The Carol Burnett Show, Burnett was best known for a series of television specials with her friend Julie Andrews,…

  • Annie Allen (work by Brooks)

    African Americans: Literature: …win a Pulitzer Prize, for Annie Allen in 1950. In 1970 Charles Gordone became the first African American playwright to win the Pulitzer, with his depiction of a black hustler-poet in No Place to Be Somebody. The Color Purple, a best-selling novel by Alice Walker, won a Pulitzer in 1983.…

  • Annie Get Your Gun (musical comedy by Fields and Berlin [1946])

    Ethel Merman: …for the Boys (1943), and Annie Get Your Gun (1946), which was her biggest success. She appeared also in several films, including Kid Millions (1934), The Big Broadcast of 1936 (1935), Alexander’s Ragtime Band (1938), and Stage Door Canteen (1943).

  • Annie Get Your Gun (film by Sidney [1950])

    George Sidney: Annie Get Your Gun, Kiss Me Kate, and Show Boat: However, Annie Get Your Gun (1950), an adaptation of the Irving Berlin musical, was hugely popular, despite early production problems that included the firing of director Busby Berkeley and the departure of Garland, who reportedly had a nervous breakdown. Betty Hutton was subsequently cast in the…

  • Annie Hall (film by Allen [1977])

    Annie Hall, American romantic comedy film, released in 1977, that was cowritten and directed by Woody Allen and starred Allen and Diane Keaton. The movie, with its mix of comic sequences and observations about the impermanence of romance, became a critical and popular favourite. It garnered both

  • Annie John (novel by Kincaid)

    Jamaica Kincaid: Annie John (1984) and Lucy (1990) were novels but were autobiographical in nature, as were most of Kincaid’s subsequent works, with an emphasis on mother-daughter relationships. A Small Place (1988), a three-part essay, continued her depiction of Antigua and her rage at its despoliation. Kincaid’s…

  • Annie Oakley (film by Stevens [1935])

    George Stevens: Swing Time, Gunga Din, and Woman of the Year: …last credit from 1935 was Annie Oakley, with Barbara Stanwyck as the legendary markswoman and Preston Foster as her sharpshooting sweetheart. It was an entertaining if fanciful biopic. Stevens had even more success with Swing Time (1936), a classic musical that many consider the best teaming of Fred Astaire and…

  • Annie Oakley (slang)

    Annie Oakley: …punched complimentary tickets as “Annie Oakleys”). She was a great success on the Wild West Show’s European trips. In 1887 she was presented to Queen Victoria, and later in Berlin she performed her cigarette trick with, at his insistence, Crown Prince Wilhelm (later Kaiser Wilhelm II) holding the cigarette.…

  • annihilation (physics)

    Annihilation, in physics, reaction in which a particle and its antiparticle collide and disappear, releasing energy. The most common annihilation on Earth occurs between an electron and its antiparticle, a positron. A positron, which may originate in radioactive decay or, more commonly, in the

  • Annihilation (film by Garland [2018])

    Natalie Portman: …a largely female cast in Annihilation (2018), a sci-fi thriller in which she played a biologist who goes on a dangerous secret mission. Portman then garnered critical acclaim for her performance as a pop music diva staging her comeback in Vox Lux (2018), but her next movies, The Death and…

  • Annihilation of Fish, The (film by Burnett [1999])

    Charles Burnett: …returned to feature films with The Annihilation of Fish (1999), an offbeat romance featuring James Earl Jones and Lynn Redgrave, and he subsequently made Namibia: The Struggle for Liberation (2007), a drama about Sam Nujoma, Namibia’s first president. Burnett’s later credits included the short film Quiet as Kept (2007), centring…

  • annihilation operator (physics)

    principles of physical science: Developments in particle physics: These are called creation or annihilation operators, and it need not be emphasized that the operations are performed on paper and in no way describe a laboratory operation having the same ultimate effect. They serve, however, to express such physical phenomena as the emission of a photon from an atom…

  • annihilation photon (physics)

    radiation measurement: Pair production: …and are replaced by two annihilation photons, each with an energy of 0.511 MeV. Annihilation photons are similar to gamma rays in their ability to penetrate large distances of matter without interacting. They may undergo Compton or photoelectric interactions elsewhere or may escape from detectors of small size.

  • annihilation radiation (physics)

    radiation measurement: Pair production: …and are replaced by two annihilation photons, each with an energy of 0.511 MeV. Annihilation photons are similar to gamma rays in their ability to penetrate large distances of matter without interacting. They may undergo Compton or photoelectric interactions elsewhere or may escape from detectors of small size.

  • Anning, Mary (English fossil hunter and anatomist)

    Mary Anning, prolific English fossil hunter and amateur anatomist credited with the discovery of several dinosaur specimens that assisted in the early development of paleontology. Her excavations also aided the careers of many British scientists by providing them with specimens to study and framed

  • Anniston (Alabama, United States)

    Anniston, city, seat (1899) of Calhoun county, eastern Alabama, U.S. It lies in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains, about 60 miles (95 km) east of Birmingham. Founded in 1872 by Samuel Noble, Daniel Tyler, and Tyler’s sons as a private industrial community (opened to the public in 1883), it

  • Anniversaries (work by Donne)

    John Donne: Poetry: …sustained of Donne’s poems, the Anniversaries, were written to commemorate the death of Elizabeth Drury, the 14-year-old daughter of his patron, Sir Robert Drury. These poems subsume their ostensible subject into a philosophical meditation on the decay of the world. Elizabeth Drury becomes, as Donne noted, “the Idea of a…

  • Anniversaries: From the Life of Gesine Cresspahl (work by Johnson)

    Uwe Johnson: …von Gesine Cresspahl (1970–73, 1983; Anniversaries: From the Life of Gesine Cresspahl). In it he used a montage technique, combining newspaper clippings, notes, and diary entries—as well as the presence of a writer named Uwe Johnson—to examine the issues that continued to engage him. He published the first three volumes…

  • Anniversary Day (holiday)

    Australia Day, holiday (January 26) honouring the establishment of the first permanent European settlement on the continent of Australia. On January 26, 1788, Arthur Phillip, who had sailed into what is now Sydney Cove with a shipload of convicts, hoisted the British flag at the site. In the early

  • anno Domini (Christian chronology)

    biblical literature: The life of Jesus: …a full biography of accurate chronology is not possible. The New Testament writers were less concerned with such difficulties than the person who attempts to construct some chronological accounts in retrospect. Both the indifference of early secular historians and the confusions and approximations attributable to the simultaneous use of Roman…

  • Anno Domini 2000: Or Woman’s Destiny (work by Vogel)

    Sir Julius Vogel: …of publication of his novel Anno Domini 2000: Or Woman’s Destiny, which projected his ideas on empire and finance to the year 2000.

  • anno Hegirae (Muslim chronology)

    chronology: Muslim: …done in ah 17 (anno Hegirae, “in the year of the Hijrah”).

  • anno mundi (Jewish chronology)

    Anno mundi, (Latin: “in the year of the world”) the year dating from the year of creation in Jewish chronology, based on rabbinic calculations. Since the 9th century ad, various dates between 3762 and 3758 bc have been advanced by Jewish scholars as the time of creation, but the exact date of Oct.

  • Anno, Saint (archbishop of Cologne)

    Saint Anno, ; canonized 1183; feast day December 4), archbishop of Cologne who was prominent in the political struggles of the Holy Roman Empire. Educated at Bamberg, Anno became confessor to the Holy Roman emperor Henry III, who appointed him archbishop in 1056. He was the leader of the party that

  • Annobón (island, Equatorial Guinea)

    Annobón, volcanic island in the South Atlantic Ocean near the Equator; it is part of Equatorial Guinea. Located about 350 miles (565 km) southwest of continental Equatorial Guinea, it occupies an area of 7 square miles (17 square km) and rises to an elevation of 2,200 feet (671 metres). Fishing and

  • Annona (plant)

    Custard apple, (genus Annona), genus of about 160 species of small trees or shrubs of the family Annonaceae, native to the New World tropics. Custard apples are of local importance as traditional medicines, and several species are commercially grown for their edible fruits. Members of the genus are

  • annona (Roman tax)

    ancient Rome: Septimius Severus: …other provinces, to the new annona, a tax paid in kind, which assured the maintenance of the army and of the officials. The consequent increase in expenditures—for administration, for the salaries and the donativa of the soldiers, for the maintenance of the Roman plebs, and for construction—obliged the emperor to…

  • Annona atemoya (plant)

    Magnoliales: Fruit: …Annona squamosa × cherimola (atemoya) apparently originated in Central America and the Antilles; the fruit contains some of the best features of both parents. Extracts of the root and leaves have a laxative effect, and poultices of the leaves are used to dress infected wounds. Annona glabra (alligator, or…

  • Annona cherimola (plant)

    Cherimoya, (Annona cherimola), tree of the custard apple family (Annonaceae). It is native to frost-free higher elevations throughout tropical America and is widely cultivated in the Old World tropics for its pulpy edible fruits weighing about 0.5 kg (1 pound). The tree grows up to 9 metres (30

  • annona family (plant family)

    Annonaceae, the custard apple, or annona, family, the largest family of the magnolia order (Magnoliales) with 129 genera and about 2,120 species. The family consists of trees, shrubs, and woody climbers found mainly in the tropics, although a few species extend into temperate regions. Many species

  • Annona glabra (plant)

    Alligator apple, fruit tree of tropical America valued for its roots. See custard

  • Annona muricata (plant and fruit)

    Soursop, (Annona muricata), tree of the custard apple family (Annonaceae), grown for its large edible fruits. Native to the American tropics, the tree has been widely introduced in the Old World tropics. The fruit’s fibrous white flesh, which combines the flavours of mango and pineapple, can be

  • Annona reticulata (plant)

    Annonaceae: The custard apple (A. reticulata), a small tropical American tree, gives the family one of its common names. Also known as bullock’s-heart for its globose shape, it has fruits with creamy white, sweetish, custardlike flesh. Cherimoya (A. cherimola), soursop (A. muricata), and sweetsop (A. squamosa) are…

  • Annona squamosa (tree and fruit)

    Sweetsop, (Annona squamosa), small tree or shrub of the custard apple family (Annonaceae). Native to the West Indies and tropical America, sweetsop has been widely introduced to the Eastern Hemisphere tropics. The fruit contains a sweet custardlike pulp, which may be eaten raw. See also custard

  • Annona squamosa X Annona cherimola (plant)

    Magnoliales: Fruit: …Annona squamosa × cherimola (atemoya) apparently originated in Central America and the Antilles; the fruit contains some of the best features of both parents. Extracts of the root and leaves have a laxative effect, and poultices of the leaves are used to dress infected wounds. Annona glabra (alligator, or…

  • Annonaceae (plant family)

    Annonaceae, the custard apple, or annona, family, the largest family of the magnolia order (Magnoliales) with 129 genera and about 2,120 species. The family consists of trees, shrubs, and woody climbers found mainly in the tropics, although a few species extend into temperate regions. Many species

  • Annonales (plant order)

    Magnoliales, the magnolia order of flowering plants, consisting of 6 families, 154 genera, and about 3,000 species. Members of Magnoliales include woody shrubs, climbers, and trees. Along with the orders Laurales, Piperales, and Canellales, Magnoliales forms the magnoliid clade, which is an early

  • Annonce faite à Marie, L’? (work by Claudel)

    Paul Claudel: …L’Annonce faite à Marie (1912; Tidings brought to Mary, 1916), a medieval mystery in tone, in which Claudel expounds on woman’s place in God’s scheme. Woman, the daughter of Eve, temptress and source of evil, is also the child of Mary, the initiator of man’s search for salvation: such is…

  • Annotationes in Libros Evangeliorum (work by Grotius)

    biblical literature: The Reformation period: On the Reformed side, the Annotationes in Libros Evangeliorum (1641–50) by the jurist Hugo Grotius (1583–1645) were so objective that some criticized them for rationalism.

  • Annotations on Music (Chinese literature)

    Chinese music: Aesthetic principles and extramusical associations: …theory in the “Yueji” (“Annotations on Music”) section of the Liji with such comments as:

  • Annou: Prince and Peasant (work by Mapu)

    Abraham Mapu: …of the first Hebrew novel, Ahavat Ziyyon (1853; Annou: Prince and Peasant), an idyllic historical romance set in the days of the prophet Isaiah. Couched in florid biblical language, it artfully depicts pastoral life in ancient Israel; the book attained immediate popularity and was later translated into several languages.

  • Announa, el- (Algeria)

    Guelma: …el-Announa, are the remains of Thibilis. Parts of the Byzantine walls still encircle the town, and the museum and the public gardens contain Roman relics and epigraphy. The modern town was founded by Governor Bertrand Clauzel in 1836 as a French military base.

  • Annoyance Theatre (American theatre company)

    Jane Lynch: …in the early 1990s with Annoyance Theatre’s cult hit The Real Live Brady Bunch, a stage show that featured reenactments of old episodes of the television sitcom The Brady Bunch.

  • annual (plant)

    Annual, Any plant that completes its life cycle in a single growing season. The dormant seed is the only part of an annual that survives from one growing season to the next. Annuals include many weeds, wildflowers, garden flowers, and vegetables. See also biennial,

  • annual aster (plant)

    China aster, (Callistephus chinensis), herbaceous plant of the aster family (Asteraceae, also called Compositae), many cultivated varieties of which are longtime garden favourites. The native species from China is 75 cm (2.5 feet) tall, with white to violet flowers having yellow centres. The

  • annual blanketflower (plant)

    Gaillardia: aristata) and annual blanketflower (G. pulchella).

  • annual bluegrass (plant)

    bluegrass: Annual bluegrass (P. annua), a small, light-green species, is a European introduction that has spread throughout North America; it is considered a pest in lawns.

  • Annual Conference (political body, Ireland)

    Fianna Fáil: Policy and structure: The Ard-Fheis (Annual Conference) is the supreme governing body but in practice cedes most of its authority to a much smaller Executive Committee, which oversees the organization, and to senior ministers or spokespersons (when the party is in opposition), who effectively determine policy. The Ard-Fheis elects…

  • Annual Festival (Shintō festival)

    Shintō: Varieties of festival, worship, and prayer: …Festival), an Annual Festival (Rei-sai), and the Divine Procession (Shinkō-sai). The Divine Procession usually takes place on the day of the Annual Festival, and miniature shrines (mikoshi) carried on the shoulders are transported through the parish. The order of rituals at a grand festival is usually as follows:

  • annual honesty (plant)

    honesty: Two of the species, annual honesty (Lunaria annua) and perennial honesty (L. rediviva), are widely grown for their fragrant flowers and papery seedpod partitions, which are used in dried-flower arrangements.

  • annual phlox (plant)

    phlox: Annual phlox (P. drummondii) is a 45-centimetre (1.5-foot), branching plant with usually reddish purple blooms. It has given rise to many cultivated forms with petals of two colours and starlike shape. Blue phlox (P. divaricata) is a spring-flowering woodland perennial growing to 45 cm, with…

  • annual plant (plant)

    Annual, Any plant that completes its life cycle in a single growing season. The dormant seed is the only part of an annual that survives from one growing season to the next. Annuals include many weeds, wildflowers, garden flowers, and vegetables. See also biennial,

  • Annual Register, The (work by Burke)

    Edmund Burke: Early life: …publisher Robert Dodsley, Burke initiated The Annual Register as a yearly survey of world affairs; the first volume appeared in 1758 under his (unacknowledged) editorship, and he retained this connection for about 30 years.

  • annual rhythm (biology)

    biological rhythm: Annual rhythms are reflected in the reproduction and growth of most terrestrial plants and animals in the temperate zones.

  • annual ring (plant anatomy)

    Growth ring, in a cross section of the stem of a woody plant, the increment of wood added during a single growth period. In temperate regions the growth period is usually one year, in which case the growth ring may be called an “annual ring.” In tropical regions, growth rings may not be discernible

  • Annual Rites and Ceremonies (work by Tokiwa Mitsunaga)

    Tokiwa Mitsunaga: …60 horizontal hand scrolls, “Annual Rites and Ceremonies” (1173), shows courtiers engaged in various ceremonies and festivities against the background of different sections of the palace compound. Although the originals were destroyed by fire in 1626, copies of 20 of the scrolls, made in 1626 by the court painter…

  • annual ryegrass (plant species)

    ryegrass: …perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of pasture and lawn-seed mixtures used around the world. The plants are unrelated to cereal rye (Secale cereale).

  • annual wild rice (plant)

    wild rice: …cultivated varieties of wild rice, annual wild rice (Zizania aquatica) and northern wild rice (Z. palustris), are grown in constructed paddies in Minnesota, Wisconsin, California, and parts of Canada, where the plants are planted and harvested on a large scale by mechanical means. The single Asian species, Manchurian wild rice…

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