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  • Angelus, Isaac (Byzantine emperor)

    Isaac II Angelus , Byzantine emperor, who, although incapable of stemming administrative abuses, partly succeeded, by his defeat of the Serbians in 1190, in retrieving imperial fortunes in the Balkans. In September 1185 Isaac was unexpectedly proclaimed emperor by the Constantinople mob that had

  • anger (psychology)

    emotion: The variety and complexity of emotions: Such are anger, pity, fear and the like, with their opposites.” Emotion is indeed a heterogeneous category that encompasses a wide variety of important psychological phenomena. Some emotions are very specific, insofar as they concern a particular person, object, or situation. Others, such as distress, joy, or…

  • Anger Management (film by Segal [2003])

    Adam Sandler: Deeds (2002) and Anger Management (2003), Sandler made forays into drama with Punch-Drunk Love (2002) and Spanglish (2004). The latter performances won him critical accolades. He reunited with Barrymore in the romantic farce 50 First Dates (2004). In 2007 he appeared in Reign over Me, a dark comedy…

  • Anger Me (film by Gelmini [2006])

    Kenneth Anger: …subject of the 2006 documentary Anger Me.

  • Anger, Kenneth (American filmmaker and author)

    Kenneth Anger, American independent filmmaker who was known for pioneering the use of jump cuts and popular music soundtracks in his movies, which centred on transgressive homoerotic and occult subjects. Anglemyer became interested in film at an early age. He claimed that his grandmother was a

  • Anger, Per Johan Valentin (Swedish diplomat)

    Per Johan Valentin Anger, Swedish diplomat (born Dec. 7, 1913, G?teborg, Swed.—died Aug. 25, 2002, Stockholm, Swed.), helped save thousands of Hungarian Jews from being transported to Nazi death camps during World War II. Anger, a member of the Swedish legation in Budapest when the Germans o

  • Angerboda (Norse mythology)

    Loki: With the female giant Angerboda (Angrboda: “Distress Bringer”), Loki produced the progeny Hel, the goddess of death; J?rmungand, the serpent that surrounds the world; and Fenrir (Fenrisúlfr), the wolf. Loki is also credited with giving birth to Sleipnir, Odin’s eight-legged horse.

  • Angereb River (river, East Africa)

    Nile River: Physiography: …Atbara are the Angereb (Arabic: Ba?r Al-Salam) and the Tekezē (Amharic: “Terrible”; Arabic: Nahr Satīt). The Tekezē is the most important of these, having a basin more than double the area of the Atbara itself. It rises among the high peaks of the Ethiopian highlands and flows north through a…

  • Angerman River (river, Sweden)

    Angerman River, river in the l?n (counties) of V?sterbotten and V?sternorrland, northern Sweden. It rises in Swedish Lapland near the Norwegian border and flows in a winding course for 285 miles (460 km) southeast past Vilhelmina, ?sele, Sollefte?, and Kramfors, emptying into the Gulf of Bothnia a

  • ?ngerman?lven (river, Sweden)

    Angerman River, river in the l?n (counties) of V?sterbotten and V?sternorrland, northern Sweden. It rises in Swedish Lapland near the Norwegian border and flows in a winding course for 285 miles (460 km) southeast past Vilhelmina, ?sele, Sollefte?, and Kramfors, emptying into the Gulf of Bothnia a

  • ?ngermanland (province, Sweden)

    ?ngermanland, landskap (province) in northeastern Sweden. It is bounded on the east by the Gulf of Bothnia, on the south and west by the landskap (provinces) of Medelpad and J?mtland, and on the north by those of Lappland and V?sterbotten. The northeastern corner of ?ngermanland is included for

  • Angers (France)

    Angers, city, capital of Maine-et-Loire département, Pays de la Loire région, western France. Angers is the former capital of Anjou and lies along the Maine River 5 miles (8 km) above the latter’s junction with the Loire River, northeast of Nantes. The old city is on the river’s left bank, with

  • Angers Apocalypse (tapestry)

    tapestry: Techniques: …such works as the 14th-century Angers Apocalypse tapestry was about 10 to 12 threads to the inch (5 to the centimetre). By the 16th century the tapestry grain had gradually become finer as tapestry more closely imitated painting. Known for the regularity and distinctness of its tapestries, the royal French…

  • Angers, Marie-Louise-Félicité (Canadian author)

    Canadian literature: The literary movement of 1860: …and Quebec’s first woman novelist, Laure Conan (the pen name of Marie-Louise-Félicité Angers), published a sophisticated psychological novel, Angéline de Montbrun (1881–82; Eng. trans. Angéline de Montbrun).

  • Angerstein, John Julius (British merchant)

    National Gallery: …the estate of the merchant John Julius Angerstein (1735–1823). The collection was first exhibited on May 10 of that year in Angerstein’s house at 100 Pall Mall, but in 1838 it was reopened to the public in its current premises. This Neoclassical structure, designed by the Greek Revival architect William…

  • Angevin Dynasty (French dynasty)

    Capetian dynasty: …controversial succession; the first Capetian house of Anjou, with kings and queens of Naples (1266–1435) and kings of Hungary (1310–82); the house of évreux, with three kings of Navarre (1328–1425); the second Capetian house of Anjou, with five counts of Provence (1382–1481); and other lesser branches.

  • Angevin dynasty (royal house of England)

    House of Plantagenet, royal house of England, which reigned from 1154 to 1485 and provided 14 kings, 6 of whom belonged to the cadet houses of Lancaster and York. The royal line descended from the union between Geoffrey, count of Anjou (d. 1151), and the empress Matilda, daughter of the English

  • Angevin empire (historical empire, Europe)

    Angevin empire, the territories, extending in the latter part of the 12th century from Scotland to the Pyrenees, that were ruled by the English king Henry II and his immediate successors, Richard I and John; they were called the Angevin kings because Henry’s father was count of Anjou. Henry

  • Anghiera, Pietro Martire d’ (Italian chaplain and historian of the Spanish court)

    Peter Martyr d’Anghiera, chaplain to the court of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, and historian of Spanish explorations, who became a member of Emperor Charles V’s Council of the Indies (1518). He collected unidentified documents from the various discoverers, including

  • Angie Tribeca (American television series)

    Steve Carell: …wife, Nancy, created the show Angie Tribeca (2016–18), a send-up of television police procedurals.

  • Angilbert (Frankish poet)

    Angilbert, Frankish poet and prelate at the court of Charlemagne. Of noble parentage, he was educated at the palace school at Aachen under Alcuin and was closely connected with the court and the imperial family. In 800 he accompanied Charlemagne to Rome and was one of the witnesses to his will. He

  • angina pectoris (pathology)

    Angina pectoris, pain or discomfort in the chest, usually caused by the inability of diseased coronary arteries to deliver sufficient oxygen-laden blood to the heart muscle. When insufficient blood reaches the heart, waste products accumulate in the heart muscle and irritate local nerve endings,

  • angiocardiography (medicine)

    Angiocardiography, method of following the passage of blood through the heart and great vessels by means of the intravenous injection of a radiopaque fluid, whose passage is followed by serialized X-ray pictures. A thin plastic tube (catheter) is positioned into a heart chamber by inserting it

  • angioedema (pathology)

    Angioedema, allergic disorder in which large, localized, painless swellings similar to hives appear under the skin. The swelling is caused by massive accumulation of fluid (edema) following exposure to an allergen (a substance to which the person has been sensitized) or, in cases with a hereditary

  • angiogenesis (biology)

    Angiogenesis, formation of new blood vessels. Angiogenesis is a normal process during growth of the body and in the body’s replacement of damaged tissue. However, it can also occur under abnormal conditions, such as in tumour progression. At some point, after months or even years as a harmless

  • angiogenesis inhibitor (drug)

    Angiogenesis inhibitor, substance that blocks the formation of new blood vessels, a process known as angiogenesis. In cancer the progression of tumour development requires the growth of capillaries that supply tumour cells with oxygen and nutrients, and interfering with this essential step is a

  • angiography (medicine)

    Angiography, diagnostic imaging procedure in which arteries and veins are examined by using a contrast agent and X-ray technology. Blood vessels cannot be differentiated from the surrounding organs in conventional radiography. It is therefore necessary to inject into the lumen of the vessels a

  • angiohemophilia (pathology)

    Von Willebrand disease, inherited blood disorder characterized by a prolonged bleeding time and a deficiency of factor VIII, an important blood-clotting agent. Von Willebrand disease is caused by deficiencies in von Willebrand factor (vWF), a molecule that facilitates platelet adhesion and is a

  • angiokeratoma corporis diffusum (pathology)

    Fabry’s disease, sex-linked hereditary disease in which a deficiency in the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A results in abnormal deposits of a glycosphingolipid (ceramide trihexoside) in the blood vessels. These deposits in turn produce heart and kidney disturbances resulting in a marked reduction in l

  • Angiolieri, Cecco (Italian poet)

    Cecco Angiolieri, poet who is considered by some the first master of Italian comic verse. It is known that Angiolieri married, had children, did military service, was exiled for a time, sometimes had trouble with the law, and was a lover of women, drink, and gambling. Apparently an irascible man,

  • Angiolini, Gaspare (Italian choreographer and composer)

    Gasparo Angiolini, Italian choreographer and composer who was among the first to integrate dance, music, and plot in dramatic ballets. In 1757 he became ballet master of the Vienna court opera house, where his first ballet dramas frequently relied upon gesture to convey plot. In 1761, however,

  • Angiolini, Gasparo (Italian choreographer and composer)

    Gasparo Angiolini, Italian choreographer and composer who was among the first to integrate dance, music, and plot in dramatic ballets. In 1757 he became ballet master of the Vienna court opera house, where his first ballet dramas frequently relied upon gesture to convey plot. In 1761, however,

  • angioma (medicine)

    Angioma, congenital mass of blood vessels that intrudes into bone or other tissues, causing tissue death and, in the case of bone, structural weakening. Angiomas of the bone are often associated with angiomas of the skin or muscles. Most angiomas remain asymptomatic, but they may cause collapse of

  • angioneurotic edema (pathology)

    Angioedema, allergic disorder in which large, localized, painless swellings similar to hives appear under the skin. The swelling is caused by massive accumulation of fluid (edema) following exposure to an allergen (a substance to which the person has been sensitized) or, in cases with a hereditary

  • angioplasty (medicine)

    Angioplasty, therapeutic opening of a blocked blood vessel. Usually a balloon is inflated near the end of a catheter (see catheterization) to flatten plaques (see atherosclerosis) against an artery’s wall. Performed on a coronary artery, angioplasty is a less invasive alternative to coronary bypass

  • Angiopteris (fern genus)

    fern: Annotated classification: …ferns; 4 modern genera (Angiopteris, Christensenia, Marattia, and Danaea) with about 150 species, widely distributed in tropical regions. Class Polypodiopsida (also known as Filicopsida) Order Osmundales Family

  • Angiopteris evecta (fern)

    Marattiaceae: …in some species, such as Angiopteris evecta, which can reach 7–9 metres (23–30 feet) in length.

  • angiosarcoma (pathology)

    cancer: Initiators: …form of liver cancer called angiosarcoma.

  • angiosperm (plant)

    Angiosperm, any of about 300,000 species of flowering plants, the largest and most diverse group within the kingdom Plantae. Angiosperms represent approximately 80 percent of all the known green plants now living. The angiosperms are vascular seed plants in which the ovule (egg) is fertilized and

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II (botanical classification system)

    angiosperm: It is known as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group IV (APG IV) botanical classification system. The angiosperms came to be considered a group at the division level (comparable to the phylum level in animal classification systems) called Anthophyta, though the APG system recognizes only informal groups above the level of order.

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (botanical classification system)

    angiosperm: Annotated classification: …update in 2009 known as APG III, and into another revision in 2016 known as APG IV. The synopsis of flowering-plant classification presented here follows the APG IV system. It is important to recognize that modifications to the APG IV system continue as new data become available.

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group IV (botanical classification system)

    angiosperm: It is known as the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group IV (APG IV) botanical classification system. The angiosperms came to be considered a group at the division level (comparable to the phylum level in animal classification systems) called Anthophyta, though the APG system recognizes only informal groups above the level of order.

  • Angiospermae (plant)

    Angiosperm, any of about 300,000 species of flowering plants, the largest and most diverse group within the kingdom Plantae. Angiosperms represent approximately 80 percent of all the known green plants now living. The angiosperms are vascular seed plants in which the ovule (egg) is fertilized and

  • Angiostrongylus (nematode genus)

    lungworm: Members of the genus Angiostrongylus, for example, are known to be pathogenic in humans. The rat lungworm (A. cantonensis) normally occurs as a parasite in rats in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, but in humans it causes rat lungworm disease, which is characterized by eosinophilic meningitis, an elevation…

  • angiotensin (peptide)

    Angiotensin, a peptide, one form of which, angiotensin II, causes constriction of blood vessels. There are three forms of angiotensin. Angiotensin I is produced by the action of renin (an enzyme produced by the kidneys) on a protein called angiotensinogen, which is formed by the liver. Angiotensin

  • angiotensin converting enzyme (enzyme)

    adrenal gland: Regulation of adrenal hormone secretion: …enzyme in the serum called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) then converts angiotensin I into an octapeptide (consisting of eight amino acids) called angiotensin II. Angiotensin II acts via specific receptors in the adrenal glands to stimulate the secretion of aldosterone, which stimulates salt and water reabsorption by the kidneys, and the…

  • angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (drug)

    pharmaceutical industry: Contribution of scientific knowledge to drug discovery: …class of antihypertensive drugs called ACE inhibitors was developed. Similarly, once the role of AT1 receptors in blood pressure maintenance was understood, it was assumed that drugs that could block AT1 receptors would produce antihypertensive effects. Once again, this assumption proved correct, and a second class of antihypertensive drugs, the…

  • angiotensin I (peptide)

    pharmaceutical industry: Contribution of scientific knowledge to drug discovery: …are the conversion of inactive angiotensin I to active angiotensin II by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and the interaction of angiotensin II with its physiologic receptors, including AT1 receptors. Angiotensin II interacts with AT1 receptors to raise blood pressure. Knowledge of the biochemistry and physiology of this system suggested to scientists…

  • angiotensin II (peptide)

    pharmaceutical industry: Contribution of scientific knowledge to drug discovery: …inactive angiotensin I to active angiotensin II by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and the interaction of angiotensin II with its physiologic receptors, including AT1 receptors. Angiotensin II interacts with AT1 receptors to raise blood pressure. Knowledge of the biochemistry and physiology of this system suggested to scientists that new drugs could…

  • angiotensinogen (biochemistry)

    adrenal gland: Regulation of adrenal hormone secretion: …a plasma protein called angiotensinogen into a decapeptide (consisting of 10 amino acids) called angiotensin I. An enzyme in the serum called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) then converts angiotensin I into an octapeptide (consisting of eight amino acids) called angiotensin II. Angiotensin II acts via specific receptors

  • angiotonin (peptide)

    pharmaceutical industry: Contribution of scientific knowledge to drug discovery: …inactive angiotensin I to active angiotensin II by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and the interaction of angiotensin II with its physiologic receptors, including AT1 receptors. Angiotensin II interacts with AT1 receptors to raise blood pressure. Knowledge of the biochemistry and physiology of this system suggested to scientists that new drugs could…

  • Angkasawan (Malaysian spaceflight program)

    Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor: …enter the Malaysian spaceflight program, Angkasawan. Angkasawan was the product of a Malaysian-Russian agreement in which Malaysia purchased 18 Russian fighter jets and Russia arranged to train and fly a Malaysian cosmonaut on a mission to the International Space Station (ISS).

  • angklung (musical instrument)

    percussion instrument: Idiophones: A sliding rattle called angklung, found only in Indonesia, consists of several tuned bamboo tubes with cut-back tongues, inserted into a frame; they slide back and forth when the frame is shaken.

  • Angkor (ancient city, Cambodia)

    Angkor, archaeological site in what is now northwestern Cambodia, lying 4 miles (6 km) north of the modern town of Si?mréab. It was the capital of the Khmer (Cambodian) empire from the 9th to the 15th century, a period that is considered the classical era of Cambodian history. Its most-imposing

  • Angkor Thom (ancient city, Cambodia)

    Angkor, archaeological site in what is now northwestern Cambodia, lying 4 miles (6 km) north of the modern town of Si?mréab. It was the capital of the Khmer (Cambodian) empire from the 9th to the 15th century, a period that is considered the classical era of Cambodian history. Its most-imposing

  • Angkor Thom (temple complex, Angkor, Cambodia)

    Angkor: 1150), and Angkor Thom, a temple complex built about 1200 by King Jayavarman VII. (See also Southeast Asian arts: Kingdom of Khmer: 9th to 13th century.)

  • Angkor Wat (temple complex, Angkor, Cambodia)

    Angkor Wat, temple complex at Angkor, near Si?mréab, Cambodia, that was built in the 12th century by King Suryavarman II (reigned 1113–c. 1150). It is the world’s largest religious structure, covering some 400 acres (160 hectares), and marks the high point of Khmer architecture. The city of Angkor

  • anglaise (calligraphy)

    Copperplate script, in calligraphy, dominant style among 18th-century writing masters, whose copybooks were splendidly printed from models engraved on copper. The alphabet was fundamentally uncomplicated, but the basic strokes were often concealed in luxuriant flourishing and dazzling professional

  • Angle (people)

    Angle, member of a Germanic people, which, together with the Jutes, Saxons, and probably the Frisians, invaded the island of Britain in the 5th century ce. The Angles gave their name to England, as well as to the word Englisc, used even by Saxon writers to denote their vernacular tongue. The Angles

  • angle (mathematics)

    geometry: Trisecting the angle: The Egyptians told time at night by the rising of 12 asterisms (constellations), each requiring on average two hours to rise. In order to obtain more convenient intervals, the Egyptians subdivided each of their asterisms into three parts, or decans. That presented the problem…

  • angle buttress (architecture)

    buttress: …various types of corner buttresses—diagonal, angle, clasping, and setback—that support intersecting walls.

  • angle closure glaucoma (pathology)

    eye disease: Glaucoma: …type of glaucoma is called angle closure glaucoma. It can be caused by mechanisms that either push the iris forward from behind or pull it forward to block the outflow of aqueous humour through the trabecular meshwork. The trabecular meshwork is located in the anterior chamber angle formed at the…

  • angle harp (musical instrument)

    Angular harp, musical instrument in which the neck forms a clear angle with the resonator, or belly; it is one of the principal varieties of the harp. The earliest-known depictions of angular harps are from Mesopotamia about 2000 bc. In Egypt, especially, and in Mesopotamia, this harp was played

  • Angle Light (racehorse)

    Secretariat: 1973: Triple Crown: …over, 43,416 people sat dumbstruck: Angle Light had scored a smashing upset, finishing ahead of Sham and four lengths in front of Secretariat.

  • angle of attack (aerodynamics)

    airplane: Aerodynamics: , its angle relative to the wind. Both lift and angle of attack can be immediately, if crudely, demonstrated, by holding one’s hand out the window of a moving automobile. When the hand is turned flat to the wind, much resistance is felt and little “lift” is…

  • angle of coverage (optics)

    technology of photography: Angle of coverage: A lens must cover the area of a camera’s film format to yield an image adequately sharp and with reasonably even brightness from the centre to the corners of the film. A normal lens should cover an angle of at least 60°.…

  • angle of dip (geophysics)

    geomagnetic field: Representation of the field: The dip angle, I (for inclination), is the angle that the total field vector makes with respect to the horizontal plane and is positive for vectors below the plane. It is the complement of the usual polar angle of spherical coordinates. (Geographic and magnetic north coincide…

  • angle of incidence (physics)

    critical angle: ) For any angle of incidence smaller than the critical angle, and for any angle at all if the ray strikes the boundary from the other side, part of the beam will penetrate the boundary, being refracted in the process.

  • angle of polarization (physics)

    Brewster’s law, relationship for light waves stating that the maximum polarization (vibration in one plane only) of a ray of light may be achieved by letting the ray fall on a surface of a transparent medium in such a way that the refracted ray makes an angle of 90° with the reflected ray. The law

  • angle of reflection (physics)

    telecommunications media: Optical fibres: Different reflection angles within the fibre core create different propagation paths for the light rays. Rays that travel nearest to the axis of the core propagate by what is called the zeroth order mode; other light rays propagate by higher-order modes. It is the simultaneous presence of…

  • angle of refraction (physics)

    spectroscopy: Refraction: …prism itself, respectively, and the angles i and r are the angles that the ray of a given wavelength makes with a line at right angles to the prism face as shown in Figure 3, then the equation n1 sin i = n2 sin r is obtained for all rays.…

  • Angle of Repose (novel by Stegner)

    Wallace Stegner: His Angle of Repose (1971) won a Pulitzer Prize. The novel tells two stories: the framing narrative concerns a disabled historian named Lyman Ward who has been abandoned by his wife and is forced to interact with members of the 1960s counterculture that he loathes, but…

  • angle of repose (mechanics)

    sand dune: Formation and growth of dunes: …slope is steepened to the angle of repose of dry sand (about 32°), this angle is maintained and the added sand slips down the slope or slip face. When this happens, the dune form is in equilibrium, and the dune moves forward as a whole, sand being eroded from the…

  • angle of view (optics)

    technology of photography: Angle of coverage: A lens must cover the area of a camera’s film format to yield an image adequately sharp and with reasonably even brightness from the centre to the corners of the film. A normal lens should cover an angle of at least 60°.…

  • angle perspective (theatrical stage design)

    perspective scenery: Angle perspective was an 18th-century refinement of perspective scenery. Several vanishing points were set at the centre-back of the stage and off to the sides, so that the scenery, receding in several directions, was pictured at an angle to the viewer.

  • angle strain

    hydrocarbon: Cycloalkanes: …and imposes considerable strain (called angle strain) on cyclopropane. Cyclopropane is further destabilized by the torsional strain that results from having three eclipsed C―H bonds above the plane of the ring and three below.

  • Angle, Sharron (American politician)

    Harry Reid: However, the Republicans nominated Sharron Angle, a favourite of Tea Party supporters, over more-establishment Republicans, enabling Reid to narrowly prevail in the November midterm election in an expensive and bitterly contested campaign.

  • angle-angle-angle similarity theorem (geometry)

    Euclidean geometry: Similarity of triangles: …may be reformulated as the AAA (angle-angle-angle) similarity theorem: two triangles have their corresponding angles equal if and only if their corresponding sides are proportional. Two similar triangles are related by a scaling (or similarity) factor s: if the first triangle has sides a, b, and c, then the second…

  • angle-side-angle theorem (geometry)

    Euclidean geometry: Congruence of triangles: Following this, there are corresponding angle-side-angle (ASA) and side-side-side (SSS) theorems.

  • Anglem, Mount (mountain, New Zealand)

    Stewart Island: …3,215 feet [980 m] at Mount Anglem), wooded, and windswept, and its 102-mile (164-kilometre) coastline is deeply creased by Paterson Inlet (east), Port Pegasus (south), and Doughboy and Mason bays (west). The numerous, small Mutton Bird Islands lie close offshore. Stewart Island was seen (1770) by Captain James Cook, who…

  • Anglemeyer, Kenneth Wilbur (American filmmaker and author)

    Kenneth Anger, American independent filmmaker who was known for pioneering the use of jump cuts and popular music soundtracks in his movies, which centred on transgressive homoerotic and occult subjects. Anglemyer became interested in film at an early age. He claimed that his grandmother was a

  • Anglemyer, Kenneth Wilbur (American filmmaker and author)

    Kenneth Anger, American independent filmmaker who was known for pioneering the use of jump cuts and popular music soundtracks in his movies, which centred on transgressive homoerotic and occult subjects. Anglemyer became interested in film at an early age. He claimed that his grandmother was a

  • angler fish (fish)

    Anglerfish, any of about 210 species of marine fishes of the order Lophiiformes. Anglers are named for their method of “fishing” for their prey. The foremost spine of the dorsal fin is located on the head and is modified into a “fishing rod” tipped with a fleshy “bait.” Prey fishes attracted to

  • anglerfish (fish)

    Anglerfish, any of about 210 species of marine fishes of the order Lophiiformes. Anglers are named for their method of “fishing” for their prey. The foremost spine of the dorsal fin is located on the head and is modified into a “fishing rod” tipped with a fleshy “bait.” Prey fishes attracted to

  • Angles (album by the Strokes)

    the Strokes: The reassembled Strokes followed with Angles (2011) and Comedown Machine (2013). Awash in layers of electronic sounds, the albums moved the band farther away from the stripped-down rock by which it had made its name, and they were met with largely mixed reviews. In 2014 Casablancas formed a new band,…

  • Anglesey (historical county, Wales, United Kingdom)

    Wales: The Edwardian settlement: Three counties (shires)—Anglesey, Caernarvonshire, and Merioneth—were created and placed under the custody of a justice of North Wales. In northeastern Wales a fourth county, Flintshire, was attached to the earldom of Chester. In southwestern Wales the counties of Cardiganshire and

  • Anglesey, Isle of (county, Wales, United Kingdom)

    Isle of Anglesey, county, northwestern Wales, separated from the North Wales mainland by the Menai Strait. The county encompasses Anglesey island—the largest island in England and Wales, with an area of 261 square miles (676 square km)—and Holy Island, adjoining just west of Anglesey. Isle of

  • anglesite (mineral)

    Anglesite, naturally occurring lead sulfate (PbSO4). A common secondary mineral that is a minor ore of lead, it is usually formed by the oxidation of galena and often forms a concentrically banded mass surrounding a core of unaltered galena. The formation of cerussite (lead carbonate) often

  • Angleterre (lace)

    Angleterre, bobbin lace comparable to fine Brussels lace in thread, technique, and design; but whether it was made in England or Brussels or both is debatable. To encourage home industries, both England and France had laws in the 1660s prohibiting the importation of Brussels lace, which was much in

  • anglewing (insect)

    brush-footed butterfly: Adult anglewings show seasonal dimorphism, with the autumnal generation being hairy and lighter-coloured. Some also exhibit sexual dimorphism, with the female being less conspicuous than the male. Most species have a silvery spot on the undersurface of each hindwing. The spiny larvae feed on elm and…

  • angleworm (annelid)

    Earthworm, any one of more than 1,800 species of terrestrial worms of the class Oligochaeta (phylum Annelida)—in particular, members of the genus Lumbricus. Seventeen native species and 13 introduced species (from Europe) occur in the eastern United States, L. terrestris being the most common.

  • Angli (people)

    Angle, member of a Germanic people, which, together with the Jutes, Saxons, and probably the Frisians, invaded the island of Britain in the 5th century ce. The Angles gave their name to England, as well as to the word Englisc, used even by Saxon writers to denote their vernacular tongue. The Angles

  • Anglia, Middle (region, Anglo-Saxon England)

    Middle Anglia, a province of Anglo-Saxon England, lying between East Anglia and Mercia and inhabited by a variety of peoples. It certainly comprised the basins of the Nene, Welland, and Great Ouse, with the districts west of the Fens, and probably extended into present Oxfordshire. Parts of the

  • Anglian Glacial Stage (geology)

    Pleistocene Epoch: Glacial records: … in northern Germany and the Anglian in England. These glaciations probably are correlative with oxygen-18 stage 12, and local evidence suggests the possibility of earlier glacial events. Along coastal areas, these tills are overlain by the marine Holstein deposits, which also may represent more than one high sea-level stand. The…

  • Anglian script (writing system)

    runic alphabet: …Europe before about 800 ad; Anglo-Saxon, or Anglian, used in Britain from the 5th or 6th century to about the 12th century ad; and Nordic, or Scandinavian, used from the 8th to about the 12th or 13th century ad in Scandinavia and Iceland. After the 12th century, runes were still…

  • Anglican chant (vocal music)

    Anglican chant, simple harmonized setting of a melodic formula devised for singing prose versions of the psalms and canticles in the Anglican Church. The formula is made up of a reciting tone with middle and final cadences (mediation and termination), much like the Gregorian-chant psalm tones from

  • Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand, and Polynesia (independent Anglican church)

    Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand, and Polynesia, an independent Anglican church that developed from missionary work begun in the 19th century. The first missionaries arrived in New Zealand from Australia in 1814. The work flourished, and in 1841 George Augustus Selwyn (1809–78) was

  • Anglican Church in North America

    Anglican Church in North America, Anglican church formed in 2009 in Bedford, Texas. Its founders were theological traditionalists who had seceded from the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (ECUSA) and the Anglican Church of Canada. Beginning in the 1990s, disputes about the validity

  • Anglican Church of Australia (church, Australia)

    Anglican Church of Australia, independent Australian church within the Anglican Communion. It developed from the churches established by the English settlers in Australia in the 18th century. The first settlers, convicts sent from England to settle the country in 1788, were accompanied by one

  • Anglican Communion

    Anglican Communion, religious body of national, independent, and autonomous churches throughout the world that adheres to the teachings of Anglicanism and that evolved from the Church of England. The Anglican Communion is united by a common loyalty to the archbishop of Canterbury in England as its

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