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  • angaria (Roman transport system)

    Angaria, Roman imperial transport and communication system. It was ultimately derived from that of the Achaemenian empire, which was probably established in the 6th century bc by Cyrus the Great. The angaria system, like the word, was presumably passed down to the Romans through the Hellenistic

  • Angarsk (Russia)

    Angarsk, city, Irkutsk oblast (province), southeast central Russia, on the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Founded in 1948, Angarsk grew rapidly as a major centre of oil refining and petrochemicals. The city’s industrial products include such goods as synthetic fibres, artificial fertilizers, plastics,

  • angary (international law)

    Angary, in international law, the right of belligerents to requisition for their use neutral merchant vessels, aircraft, and other means of transport that are within their territorial jurisdiction. Generally, the right of angary should be applied only in case of pressing need in time of war, and

  • Angas (people)

    African dance: Rhythm: Angas men of West Africa blow 14 large buffalo horns as they perform the repetitive step pattern of the Rumada dance in a circle, following the line or moving in and out of the centre. Neighbouring Chip men perform a light run, playing flutes of…

  • Angaur (island, Palau)

    Palau: Relief and drainage: …km) north of Babelthuap, and Angaur, 6 miles (10 km) south of Peleliu. Angaur was heavily mined for its phosphate first by the Germans and later by the Japanese. Sonsorol, Pulo Anna, and Tobi, all with areas of less than 1 square mile (2.6 square km), are 180 miles (290…

  • ?ngby Stone (monument, Sweden)

    ?ngby Stone, 11th-century memorial stone found in Uppland, Swed., bearing a runic inscription carved by Asmund Kareson (Osmundus), earliest known professional rune carver in Uppland. The stone is inscribed with a Maltese cross surrounded by two intertwining serpents and bears the message:

  • Ange Heurtebise, L’? (poem by Cocteau)

    Jean Cocteau: Influence of Radiguet: In the long poem L’Ange Heurtebise the poet engages in a violent combat with an angel that was to reappear continually in his works. His play Orphée, first performed in 1926, was destined to play a part in the resurrection of tragedy in contemporary theatre; in it, Cocteau deepened…

  • angel (coin)

    coin: Gold coinage: …a new gold coin, the angel, was introduced to replace the old value of the noble; the penny was reduced to 12 grains. The angel is so called from its type of St. Michael and Lucifer. The reverse is a ship with a cross in front of the mast. (In…

  • angel (religion)

    Angel and demon, respectively, any benevolent or malevolent spiritual being that mediates between the transcendent and temporal realms. Throughout the history of religions, varying kinds and degrees of beliefs have existed in various spiritual beings, powers, and principles that mediate between the

  • Angel (film by Jordan [1982])

    Neil Jordan: …for his first feature film, Angel, a drama that starred Stephen Rea, who later appeared in a number of Jordan’s films. The director continued to earn praise for such films as The Company of Wolves (1984) and Mona Lisa (1986). The Crying Game (1992), a psychological thriller based on one…

  • Angel (American television series)

    Joss Whedon: …Whedon introduced a spin-off series, Angel, which centred on the exploits of Buffy’s star-crossed lover, a vampire with a soul who acted as a private detective in supernatural crime cases. After Buffy’s end, Whedon continued the franchise in comic-book form, with the series Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season 8 (2007–11)…

  • Angel and the Prophet Balaam, The (painting by Rembrandt)

    Pieter Lastman: Rembrandt’s Angel and the Prophet Balaam (1626) is based on Lastman’s earlier painting of the same subject (1622). Lastman’s Coriolanus and the Roman Woman and The Baptism of the Chamberlain also influenced the early narrative style of Rembrandt.

  • Angel at My Table, An (film by Campion [1990])

    Janet Frame: …for a critically acclaimed film, An Angel at My Table (1990), directed by Jane Campion. Frame received numerous honours. In 1983 she was made Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE), and in 1990 she received the Order of New Zealand. In 2003 she received one of the…

  • Angel Choir (choir, Lincoln, England, United Kingdom)

    Western architecture: High Gothic: …instance, in the east (or Angel) choir (begun 1256) at Lincoln Cathedral and at Exeter Cathedral (begun before 1280)—has been called the English Decorated style, a term that is in many ways an oversimplification. The interior architectural effects achieved (notably the retrochoir of Wells Cathedral or the choir of St.…

  • Angel City (play by Shepard)

    Sam Shepard: …murderer’s last thoughts before electrocution; Angel City (produced 1976) depicts the destructive machinery of the Hollywood entertainment industry; and Suicide in B-flat (produced 1976) exploits the potentials of music as an expression of character.

  • angel dust (drug)

    PCP, hallucinogenic drug with anesthetic properties, having the chemical name 1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine. PCP was first developed in 1956 by Parke Davis Laboratories of Detroit for use as an anesthetic in veterinary medicine, though it is no longer used in this capacity. Used for a brief time

  • Angel Eyes (film by Mandokii [2001])

    Jennifer Lopez: …followed by the romantic drama Angel Eyes in the middle of the year.

  • Angel Face (film by Preminger [1952])

    Otto Preminger: Challenges to the Production Code: …period included the underrated thriller Angel Face (1953), with Jean Simmons as a murderous psychotic and Robert Mitchum as a chauffeur she pursues. Preminger then acquired the rights to F. Hugh Herbert’s stage success The Moon Is Blue. The 1953 romantic comedy centres on a womanizing architect (William Holden) and…

  • Angel Face (film by Filho [2018])

    Marion Cotillard: Gueule d’ange (2018; Angel Face) centres on an alcoholic mother and her young daughter. Cotillard later lent her voice to the family comedy Dolittle (2020).

  • Angel Falls (waterfall, Venezuela)

    Angel Falls, waterfall in the Guiana Highlands in Bolívar state, southeastern Venezuela, on the Churún River, a tributary of the Caroní, 160 miles (260 km) southeast of Ciudad Bolívar. The highest waterfall in the world, the cataract drops 3,212 feet (979 metres) and is 500 feet (150 metres) wide

  • angel food cake

    cake: Spongecake and angel food cake are examples of unshortened mixtures. These cakes depend largely upon incorporated air for leavening, and, unless modified recipes are used, chemical raising agents are unnecessary, sufficient air to produce a light product being incorporated by whisking the eggs. In angel food cake,…

  • Angel Has Fallen (film by Waugh [2019])

    Gerard Butler: …London Has Fallen (2016) and Angel Has Fallen (2019). Butler donned period regalia again for the action thriller Gods of Egypt (2016), in which he featured as the god of disorder and warfare. He later starred as a scientist in the disaster movie Geostorm (2017). Butler’s roles from 2018 included…

  • Angel Island (island, San Francisco Bay, California, United States)

    Alcatraz escape of June 1962: …were found on or near Angel Island, a former immigration station that was their intended intermediate destination. From Angel Island the men had intended to swim to the Marin county mainland, according to West, and then steal new clothes from a retail store. However, no such crime was reported. Some…

  • Angel Island Immigration Station (immigration facility, San Francisco Bay, California, United States)

    Angel Island Immigration Station, the principal immigration facility on the West Coast of the United States from 1910 to 1940. Angel Island encompasses an area of about 740 acres (300 hectares) and is located in San Francisco Bay, California, near Alcatraz Island and the Golden Gate Bridge, between

  • angel lute (musical instrument)

    archlute: The angelica, or angel lute, of the 17th and 18th centuries, was related but had diatonically tuned strings and no frets.

  • Angel of Anarchy (scultpure by Agar)

    Eileen Agar: …works was a remake of Angel of Anarchy, a plaster cast of her head covered with various materials. The original, created in 1937, had been lost, so she designed a new piece in 1940. Agar included embroidery, feathers, beads, and shells in the second version; she also added a blindfold…

  • Angel of Darkness, The (novel by Sábato)

    Ernesto Sábato: The Angel of Darkness) contains the ironic statements on literature, art, philosophy, and the excesses of rationalism that characterize his work.

  • Angel of History, The (work Forché)

    Carolyn Forché: The later five-part book-length poem The Angel of History (1994) is a compelling distillation of Forché’s intensely moral sensibility. Later poetry collections included Blue Hour (2003).

  • Angel of Mine (film by Farrant [2019])

    Noomi Rapace: …who stalks a family in Angel of Mine, and she joined the TV series Tom Clancy’s Jack Ryan, portraying a German intelligence agent.

  • Angel of the North (sculpture by Gormley)

    Antony Gormley: …best known for the enormous Angel of the North (1998; near Gateshead, England), some 65 feet (20 metres) high and having a 175-foot (54-metre) span. He was created an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1997 and was included in the New Year Honours List for…

  • Angel on My Shoulder (film by Mayo [1946])

    Archie Mayo: Films of the 1940s: Next was the entertaining Angel on My Shoulder, starring Muni as Eddie Kagel, a murdered gangster in hell who makes a deal with Satan (an effective Claude Rains): Kagel will take over the body of an honest judge and become corrupt in exchange for being allowed to kill his…

  • Angel on the Roof, The (short stories by Banks)

    Russell Banks: …was published in the collections The Angel on the Roof (2000) and A Permanent Member of the Family (2013). Dreaming Up America (2008) is a nonfiction work scrutinizing the history of destructive and constructive policies pursued by the United States. Banks later published Voyager (2016), a collection of his travel…

  • Angel Pavement (work by Priestley)

    J. B. Priestley: …his most solidly crafted novel, Angel Pavement, a sombre, realistic depiction of the lives of a group of office workers in London. Among his other more important novels are Bright Day (1946) and Lost Empires (1965).

  • angel shark (fish species)

    angel shark: One species, Squatina squatina, was once frequently caught unintentionally in fishing nets and was later listed as critically endangered.

  • angel shark (fish genus)

    Angel shark, (genus Squatina), any of about 15 species of sharks that constitute a single genus (family Squatinidae, order Squatiniformes) characterized by flattened heads and bodies, with winglike pectoral and pelvic fins that make them resemble rays. The tail bears two dorsal fins and a

  • Angel Time (novel by Rice)

    Anne Rice: The novels Angel Time (2009) and Of Love and Evil: The Songs of the Seraphim, a Novel (2010) were thrillers about angels. Rice left New Orleans for California in 2005. In 2010 she publicly disavowed Christianity but reiterated her faith in Christ. Rice was active on social…

  • angel’s tears (plant)

    angel's trumpet: Angel’s tears (B. suaveolens) was native to the Atlantic coast of southeastern Brazil. Several species have become naturalized in various temperate and tropical locations around the world.

  • angel’s trumpet (plant)

    Angel’s trumpet, (genus Brugmansia), genus of seven species of small trees and shrubs in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Angel’s trumpets are commonly grown as ornamentals in frost-free climates and in greenhouses, and several attractive hybrids have been developed. The plants are sometimes

  • Angel, James Roger Prior (American astronomer)

    Roger Angel, British-born American astronomer whose lightweight mirror designs enabled the construction of some of the largest telescopes in the world. Angel received a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Oxford in 1963 and a master’s degree from the California Institute of

  • Angel, Roger (American astronomer)

    Roger Angel, British-born American astronomer whose lightweight mirror designs enabled the construction of some of the largest telescopes in the world. Angel received a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Oxford in 1963 and a master’s degree from the California Institute of

  • Angel, Salto (waterfall, Venezuela)

    Angel Falls, waterfall in the Guiana Highlands in Bolívar state, southeastern Venezuela, on the Churún River, a tributary of the Caroní, 160 miles (260 km) southeast of Ciudad Bolívar. The highest waterfall in the world, the cataract drops 3,212 feet (979 metres) and is 500 feet (150 metres) wide

  • Angela da Foligno (Italian mystic)

    Christianity: Western Catholic Christianity: …Italians Clare of Assisi and àngela da Foligno.

  • Angela Merici, Saint (Roman Catholic saint)

    St. Angela Merici, ; canonized May 24, 1807; feast day January 27), founder of the Ursuline order, the oldest religious order of women in the Roman Catholic Church dedicated to the education of girls. Orphaned young, she went to Salo to live in the home of an uncle. Later she joined the Third Order

  • Angela’s Ashes (memoir by McCourt)

    American literature: Multicultural writing: …Texas Gulf Coast; Frank McCourt’s Angela’s Ashes (1996), a vivid portrayal of a Dickensian childhood amid the grinding conditions of Irish slum life; Anne Roiphe’s bittersweet recollections of her rich but cold-hearted parents and her brother’s death from AIDS in 1185 Park Avenue (1999); and Dave Eggers’s A Heartbreaking

  • Angelarius (Slavic missionary)

    Boris I: …asylum to Clement, Nahum, and Angelarius, the disciples of Cyril and Methodius, missionaries to the Slavs, who had been driven out of Moravia. With Boris’s active assistance and material support, these disciples founded centres of Slavic learning at Pliska, Preslav, and Ohrid. As a result of the intensive work of…

  • Angeles (Philippines)

    Angeles, chartered city, central Luzon, Philippines. The city lies on the principal north-south highway and railway lines 50 miles (82 km) north of Manila. Angeles is the site of Angeles University (founded 1962), a Roman Catholic seminary, and several other colleges. Once known as the “city of the

  • Angeles National Forest (forest, California, United States)

    San Gabriel Mountains: The mountains are largely within Angeles National Forest. The southern foothills, which enter residential and agricultural communities of Los Angeles and San Bernardino counties, are noted for citrus-fruit production.

  • ángeles, Victoria de los (Spanish opera singer)

    Victoria de los ángeles, Spanish soprano known for her interpretations of Spanish songs and operatic parts and for the timbre of her voice. Of a musical family, de los ángeles sang and played the guitar before studying piano and voice at the Conservatorio del Liceo in Barcelona. There she performed

  • angelfish (fish)

    Angelfish, any of various unrelated fishes of the order Perciformes. The angelfishes, or scalares, popular in home aquariums are members of the genus Pterophyllum and the cichlid (q.v.) family. They are thin, deep-bodied fishes with elongated dorsal, anal, and pelvic fins. Depending on the

  • angelic acid (chemical compound)

    carboxylic acid: Unsaturated aliphatic acids: Angelic and tiglic acids are a pair of cis-trans isomers. Angelic acid is found as an ester in angelica root, whereas tiglic acid occurs in croton oil and in several other natural products.

  • Angelic Avengers, The (work by Dinesen)

    Isak Dinesen: …only novel Geng?ldelsens veje (The Angelic Avengers) under the pseudonym Pierre Andrézel. It is a melodramatic tale of innocents who defeat their apparently benevolent but actually evil captor, but Danish readers saw in it a clever satire of Nazi-occupied Denmark.

  • Angelic Salutation (prayer)

    Hail Mary, a principal prayer of the Roman Catholic Church, comprising three parts, addressed to the Virgin Mary. The prayer is recited in the Rosary of the Blessed Virgin (see rosary) and is often assigned as penance during the sacrament of reconciliation (confession). The following is the Latin

  • Angelica (fictional character)

    Angelica, fictional character who is beloved by Orlando (Roland) in two epic Italian poems, Matteo Maria Boiardo’s Orlando innamorato (1483; Roland in Love) and Ludovico Ariosto’s Orlando furioso (1516; Mad Roland). Angelica, daughter of the king of Cathay, is a beautiful young woman with whom many

  • angelica (plant)

    Angelica, large genus of aromatic herbs of the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). The roots and fruit of the Eurasian species, Angelica archangelica (see photograph), yield angelica oil used to flavour liqueurs and in perfumery, while the tender shoots are used in making certain kinds of aromatic

  • angelica (wine)

    Angelica, sweet, fortified dessert wine said to have originated near Los Angeles, for which it is named. Angelica is one of the oldest California wines; it was probably originally made from the mission grape, a European variety brought to California in the 18th century by Spanish padres. Early

  • angelica (musical instrument)

    archlute: The angelica, or angel lute, of the 17th and 18th centuries, was related but had diatonically tuned strings and no frets.

  • Angelica archangelica (herb)

    angelica: …fruit of the Eurasian species, Angelica archangelica (see photograph), yield angelica oil used to flavour liqueurs and in perfumery, while the tender shoots are used in making certain kinds of aromatic sweetmeats; tea made from the roots and leaves is a traditional medicine for respiratory ailments. In the Faroe Islands…

  • angelica root (plant part)

    carboxylic acid: Unsaturated aliphatic acids: …found as an ester in angelica root, whereas tiglic acid occurs in croton oil and in several other natural products.

  • Angelica sylvestris (herb)

    angelica: The British species, A. sylvestris, is a tall perennial herb with large bipinnate leaves and large compound umbels of white or purple flowers. The common name alexanders is applied to A. atropurpurea in the United States.

  • angelica tree (tree)

    Angelica tree , (species Aralia spinosa), prickly-stemmed shrub or tree, of the ginseng family (Araliaceae), that can reach a height of 15 m (about 50 feet). Its leaves are large, with leaflets arranged feather-fashion and often prickly. The angelica tree is native to low-lying areas from Delaware

  • Angelica, Mother (American Roman Catholic nun)

    Mother Angelica, (Mother Mary Angelica of the Annunciation; Rita Antoinette Rizzo), American Roman Catholic nun (born April 20, 1923, Canton, Ohio—died March 27, 2016, Hanceville, Ala.), was the passionate founder (1981) of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN), which she established in a

  • Angelicals of St. Paul (Roman Catholic order)

    Saint Antonio Maria Zaccaria: Zaccaria later founded the Angelicals of St. Paul, a similar order for women, which Pope Paul III approved in 1535. The two congregations performed missionary and educational work in Milan and elsewhere, using the teachings of the Apostle St. Paul as their guide.

  • Angelico, Beato (Italian painter)

    Fra Angelico, (Italian: “Angelic Brother”) Italian painter, one of the greatest 15th-century painters, whose works within the framework of the early Renaissance style embody a serene religious attitude and reflect a strong Classical influence. A great number of works executed during his career are

  • Angelico, Fra (Italian painter)

    Fra Angelico, (Italian: “Angelic Brother”) Italian painter, one of the greatest 15th-century painters, whose works within the framework of the early Renaissance style embody a serene religious attitude and reflect a strong Classical influence. A great number of works executed during his career are

  • Angelini, Anacleto (Chilean industrialist)

    Anacleto Angelini, Italian-born Chilean industrialist (born Jan. 17, 1914, Bondeno, near Ferrara, Italy—died Aug. 28, 2007, Santiago, Chile), amassed a personal fortune of about $6 billion as a shrewd businessman who turned a succession of poorly run firms into successful enterprises after

  • Angelini, Giuseppe (Italian sculptor)

    Western sculpture: Relation to the Baroque and the Rococo: …Neoclassical sculptors in Rome included Giuseppe Angelini, best known for the tomb of the etcher and architect Giambattista Piranesi in the church of Sta. Maria del Priorato, Rome.

  • Angélique (opera by Ibert)

    Jacques Ibert: …operas the most successful was Angélique (1926). The brilliantly witty Divertissement (1930) was a popular orchestral piece.

  • Angélique, Mère (French abbess)

    Jacqueline-Marie-Angélique Arnauld, monastic reformer who was abbess of the important Jansenist centre of Port-Royal de Paris. She was one of six sisters of the prominent Jansenist theologian Antoine Arnauld (the Great Arnauld). Jacqueline Arnauld entered religious life as a child of 9, becoming

  • Angélique, Pierre (French author)

    Georges Bataille, French librarian and writer whose essays, novels, and poetry expressed his fascination with eroticism, mysticism, and the irrational. He viewed excess as a way to gain personal “sovereignty.” After training as an archivist at the school of paleography known as the école des

  • Angell, James Burrill (American educator)

    James Burrill Angell, educator and diplomat who elevated the University of Michigan to academic prominence during his 38 years as its president. Angell graduated in 1849 from Brown University, Providence, R.I., and was professor of modern languages and literature there from 1853 to 1860. He served

  • Angell, James Rowland (American psychologist and educator)

    James Rowland Angell, psychologist and university president who rebuilt and reorganized Yale University in the 1920s and ’30s. A son of educator James Burrill Angell, the young Angell studied psychology at the University of Michigan under John Dewey, at Harvard University under William James and

  • Angell, Robert Cooley (American sociologist)

    Robert Cooley Angell, American sociologist known for his studies of individuals interacting in social groups such as government units, the church, the family, business enterprises, clubs, cooperatives, and other associations. He received his education at the University of Michigan, obtaining his

  • Angell, Roger (American author and editor)

    Roger Angell, American author and editor who is considered one of the best baseball writers of all time. Angell was a fiction editor at The New Yorker, the magazine in which most of his essays on baseball first appeared. A lifelong baseball fan, he grew up in New York City watching the New York

  • Angell, Sir Norman (British economist)

    Sir Norman Angell, English economist and worker for international peace, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1933. After an education in France, London, and Geneva, Angell spent several years (1890–98) in the United States, working as a cowboy, a prospector, and finally a journalist for

  • Angell-Lane, Ralph Norman (British economist)

    Sir Norman Angell, English economist and worker for international peace, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1933. After an education in France, London, and Geneva, Angell spent several years (1890–98) in the United States, working as a cowboy, a prospector, and finally a journalist for

  • Angelman syndrome (genetic disorder)

    autism: Possible causes and risk factors: …associated with neurobiological development, including Angelman syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and epilepsy.

  • Angelo (fictional character)

    Measure for Measure: …of Vienna, commissioning his deputy Angelo to govern the city while he travels to Poland. In actuality, the duke remains in Vienna disguised as a friar in order to watch what unfolds. Following the letter of the law, Angelo passes the death sentence on Claudio, a nobleman convicted for impregnating…

  • Angelo Malevolti Tremamondo, Domenico (Italian fencing master)

    Domenico Angelo, Italian fencing master. Angelo was the first to emphasize fencing as a means of developing health, poise, and grace. As a result of his insight and influence, fencing changed from an art of war to a sport. Angelo received his initial training in the Italian method of fencing in

  • Angelo State College (university, San Angelo, Texas, United States)

    Angelo State University, public, coeducational institution of higher education located in San Angelo, Texas, U.S. Angelo State is a regional university serving western Texas. It offers bachelor’s degrees through the school of education and colleges of liberal and fine arts, business and

  • Angelo State University (university, San Angelo, Texas, United States)

    Angelo State University, public, coeducational institution of higher education located in San Angelo, Texas, U.S. Angelo State is a regional university serving western Texas. It offers bachelor’s degrees through the school of education and colleges of liberal and fine arts, business and

  • Angelo’s School of Arms (school, London, England, United Kingdom)

    Domenico Angelo: He soon opened Angelo’s School of Arms in Soho, and by 1758 he was instructing members of the royal family, including the prince of Wales (later King George III) and his brother, Prince Edward Augustus. His school was also famous for accepting female students, some of whom were…

  • Angelo, Domenico (Italian fencing master)

    Domenico Angelo, Italian fencing master. Angelo was the first to emphasize fencing as a means of developing health, poise, and grace. As a result of his insight and influence, fencing changed from an art of war to a sport. Angelo received his initial training in the Italian method of fencing in

  • angelology (religion)

    Judaism: Early stages to the 6th century ce: …them in many different directions: angelology (doctrine about angels) and demonology (doctrine about devils); mythical geography and uranography (description of the heavens); contemplation of the divine manifestations, whose background was the Jerusalem Temple worship and the visions of the moving “throne” (merkava, “chariot”) in the prophecy of Ezekiel; reflection on…

  • Angelopoulos, Théo (Greek film director)

    Theo(doros) Angelopoulos, Greek filmmaker (born April 27, 1935, Athens, Greece—died Jan. 24, 2012, Piraeus, Greece), crafted visually stunning cinema as he explored the history and culture of Greece and the metaphysics of the human condition through allegory, a nonlinear approach to time, and his

  • Angelopoulos, Theodoros (Greek film director)

    Theo(doros) Angelopoulos, Greek filmmaker (born April 27, 1935, Athens, Greece—died Jan. 24, 2012, Piraeus, Greece), crafted visually stunning cinema as he explored the history and culture of Greece and the metaphysics of the human condition through allegory, a nonlinear approach to time, and his

  • Angelos family (Byzantine family)

    Angelus family, family that produced three Byzantine emperors—Isaac II, Alexius III, and Alexius IV Angelus. The Angelus family was of no particular significance until the 12th century, when Theodora, youngest daughter of the emperor Alexius I Comnenus, married Constantine Angelus of Philadelphia

  • Angelou, Maya (American poet, memoirist, and actress)

    Maya Angelou, American poet, memoirist, and actress whose several volumes of autobiography explore the themes of economic, racial, and sexual oppression. Although born in St. Louis, Angelou spent much of her childhood in the care of her paternal grandmother in rural Stamps, Arkansas. When she was

  • Angels (American baseball team)

    Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, American professional baseball team based in Anaheim, California, that plays in the American League (AL). The Angels won a World Series title in 2002, their first appearance in the “Fall Classic.” The Angels began play in 1961 as one of two expansion teams (with the

  • Angels (work by Bernini)

    Gian Lorenzo Bernini: Later years: …and culminate in the moving Angels for the Sant’Angelo Bridge in Rome, which Bernini redecorated with the help of assistants between 1667 and 1671. Pope Clement IX (1667–69) so prized the Angels carved by Bernini that they were never set up on the bridge and are now in the church…

  • Angels & Demons (film by Howard)

    Ron Howard: …installments in the Langdon series: Angels & Demons (2009) and Inferno (2016).

  • Angels & Demons (novel by Brown)

    Dan Brown: In his next novel, Angels & Demons (2000), Brown introduced Robert Langdon, a Harvard professor of symbology. The fast-paced thriller follows Langdon’s attempts to protect the Vatican from the Illuminati, a secret society formed during the Renaissance that opposed the Roman Catholic Church. Although the novel received positive reviews,…

  • Angels in America (American television miniseries)

    Mike Nichols: Later projects: Wit, Angels in America, Spamalot, and Death of a Salesman: …ravages of the AIDS epidemic, Angels in America. The miniseries was both highly popular and a huge critical success, winning 10 further Emmys. The all-star cast included Streep, Thompson, Al Pacino, Mary-Louise Parker, and Jeffrey Wright.

  • Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes (play by Kushner)

    American literature: The Off-Broadway ascendancy: …his epically ambitious two-part drama Angels in America (1991–92), which combined comedy with pain, symbolism with personal history, and invented characters with historical ones. A committed political writer, Kushner often focused on public themes. His later plays included Slavs! (1996) and the timely Homebody/Kabul (2001), a brilliant monologue followed by…

  • Angels in the Outfield (film by Brown [1951])

    Clarence Brown: The 1940s and ’50s: Angels in the Outfield (1951), however, was a solid baseball fantasy, with Paul Douglas as the manager of the basement-dwelling Pittsburgh Pirates, who start winning after heavenly intervention. Brown directed a segment of It’s a Big Country (1951) and then made When in Rome (1952),…

  • Angels of Major League Baseball (American baseball team)

    Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, American professional baseball team based in Anaheim, California, that plays in the American League (AL). The Angels won a World Series title in 2002, their first appearance in the “Fall Classic.” The Angels began play in 1961 as one of two expansion teams (with the

  • Angels with Dirty Faces (film by Curtiz [1938])

    Angels with Dirty Faces, American gangster film, released in 1938, that is considered a classic of the genre, influencing countless subsequent movies. The story centres on boyhood friends Rocky Sullivan (played by James Cagney) and Jerry Connolly (Pat O’Brien), who take radically different paths as

  • Angels’ Share, The (film by Loach [2012])

    Ken Loach: …of his friend’s death, and The Angels’ Share (2012) tells the comedic tale of a young Glaswegian hooligan whose nose for Scotch whisky inspires him to steal from an expensive cask. The latter movie earned another jury prize at Cannes. Loach’s film I, Daniel Blake (2016), about a man who…

  • Angelus (Christian devotion)

    Angelus, a Christian devotion in memory of the Incarnation. It consists of three recitations of the Hail Mary with versicles and a collect. It is recited three times daily, about 6:00 am, noon, and 6:00 pm. After the final recitation, the Angelus bell is rung. In a simpler form the devotion can be

  • Angelus family (Byzantine family)

    Angelus family, family that produced three Byzantine emperors—Isaac II, Alexius III, and Alexius IV Angelus. The Angelus family was of no particular significance until the 12th century, when Theodora, youngest daughter of the emperor Alexius I Comnenus, married Constantine Angelus of Philadelphia

  • Angelus Temple (church, Los Angeles, California, United States)

    International Church of the Foursquare Gospel: …she was able to dedicate Angelus Temple in Los Angeles as the “mother church” of the Foursquare Gospel Association. From 1923 the organization grew to national and international importance.

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