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  • Andalusian Dog, An (film by Bu?uel and Dalí [1929])

    Luis Bu?uel: Life and work: …in Un Chien andalou (1929; An Andalusian Dog), a short film in Surrealist style. Using the free-association technique pioneered by André Breton and Philippe Soupault, Bu?uel and Dalí wrote the film, which Bu?uel directed and Duverger photographed; Batcheff played a major role. Dalí arrived from Spain only for the last…

  • Andalusian hemipode (bird)

    button quail: …widely distributed species is the striped button quail, or Andalusian hemipode (Turnix sylvatica). It occurs in southern Spain, Africa, and southeastern Asia to the Philippines. The red-backed button quail (T. maculosa) is its counterpart in the Australo-Papuan region. The Andalusian hemipode, 15 cm (6 in.) long, has streaked, reddish-gray upperparts…

  • andalusite (mineral)

    Andalusite, (Al2SiO5), aluminum silicate mineral that occurs in relatively small amounts in various metamorphic rocks, particularly in altered sediments. It is found in commercial quantities in the Inyo Mountains, Mono county, Calif., in the United States; in Kazakhstan; and in South Africa. Such

  • Andaman and Nicobar Islands (union territory, India)

    Andaman and Nicobar Islands, union territory, India, consisting of two groups of islands at the southeastern edge of the Bay of Bengal. The peaks of a submerged mountain range, the Andaman Islands and their neighbours to the south, the Nicobar Islands, form an arc stretching southward for some 620

  • Andaman Islanders, The (work by Radcliffe-Brown)

    A.R. Radcliffe-Brown: His study The Andaman Islanders (1922; new ed. 1964) contained the essential formulation of his ideas and methods.

  • Andaman Islands (island group, India)

    Andaman Islands, island group, Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory, India, lying in the Indian Ocean about 850 miles (1,370 km) east of the Indian subcontinent. The Andamans have an area of 2,474 square miles (6,408 square km). They are one of the two major groups of islands in the union

  • Andaman Sea (sea, Asia)

    Andaman Sea, marginal sea of the northeastern Indian Ocean. It is bounded to the north by the Irrawaddy River delta of Myanmar (Burma); to the east by peninsular Myanmar, Thailand, and Malaysia; to the south by the Indonesian island of Sumatra and by the Strait of Malacca; and to the west by the

  • Andaman-Nicobar Ridge (ridge, Andaman Sea)

    Andaman Sea: …submarine valleys east of the Andaman-Nicobar Ridge, depths exceed 14,500 feet (4,400 metres). The sea’s northern and eastern third is less than 600 feet (180 metres) deep, in part because vast quantities of silt have been deposited by the Irrawaddy River at its delta. The western and central half of…

  • Andamanese (people)

    Andamanese, aboriginal inhabitants of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. Most Andamanese have been detribalized and absorbed into modern Indian life, but traditional culture survives among such groups as the Jarawa and Onge of the lesser islands. Late 20th-century estimates

  • Andamanese language

    Andamanese language, language spoken by the indigenous people of the Andaman Islands. The number of speakers of the language has been steadily decreasing. Andamanese dialects are usually classified into northern, central, and southern groups, with the southern dialects being the most archaic. The

  • Andania mysteries (Hellenistic cult)

    Andania mysteries, ancient Greek mystery cult, held perhaps in honour of the earth goddess Demeter and her daughter Kore (Persephone) at the town of Andania in Messenia. The cult had died out during the period of Spartan domination in the late 5th century and early 4th century bc, but it was

  • andarūn

    Harem, in Muslim countries, the part of a house set apart for the women of the family. The word ?arīmī is used collectively to refer to the women themselves. Zanāna (from the Persian word zan, “woman”) is the term used for the harem in India, andarūn (Persian: “inner part” [of a house]) in Iran.

  • Anday, Melih Cevdet (Turkish writer)

    Turkish literature: Modern Turkish literature: …Veli Kan?k, Oktay Rifat, and Melih Cevdet Anday—initiated the Garip (“Strange”) movement with publication of a volume of poetry by the same name. In it they emphasized simplified language, folkloric poetic forms, and themes of alienation in the modern urban environment. Later, Anday broke with this style, treating philosophical and…

  • Andaz (film by Khan [1949])

    Dilip Kumar: …Kapoor in Mehboob Khan’s film Andaz (“A Matter of Style”), which catapulted him to stardom.

  • Andean avocet (bird)

    avocet: The Andean avocet (R. andina), with a primarily white body, black back and wings, is confined to alkali lakes of the high Andes. The red-necked, or Australian, avocet (R. novaehollandiae) is black and white with red-brown head and neck.

  • Andean bear (mammal)

    Spectacled bear, (Tremarctos ornatus), bear, the only South American species of the family Ursidae. It inhabits mountainous regions (particularly of the Andes), dwelling primarily in forested areas, and it feeds mainly on shoots and fruit. The spectacled bear is an agile climber. The adult stands

  • Andean civilization

    Andean peoples: …it is conventional to call “Andean” only the people who were once part of Tawantinsuyu, the Inca Empire in the Central Andes, or those influenced by it. Even so, the Andean region is very wide. It encompasses the peoples of Ecuador, including those of the humid coast—many of whose contacts…

  • Andean Community (South American organization)

    Andean Community, South American organization founded to encourage industrial, agricultural, social, and trade cooperation. Formed in 1969 by the Cartagena Agreement, the group originally consisted of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Chile; Venezuela joined in 1973 but withdrew in 2006, and

  • Andean Community of Nations (South American organization)

    Andean Community, South American organization founded to encourage industrial, agricultural, social, and trade cooperation. Formed in 1969 by the Cartagena Agreement, the group originally consisted of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Chile; Venezuela joined in 1973 but withdrew in 2006, and

  • Andean condor (bird)

    condor: The male Andean condor is a black bird with grayish white wing feathers, a white fringe of feathers around the neck, and a bare red or pinkish head, neck, and crop. Males have a large caruncle, or fleshy protuberance, on the forehead and top of the beak,…

  • Andean flamingo (bird)

    flamingo: …of South America are the Andean flamingo (Phoenicoparrus andinus) and the puna, or James’s, flamingo (Phoenicoparrus jamesi). The former has a pink band on each of its yellow legs, and the latter was thought extinct until a remote population was discovered in 1956.

  • Andean Geosyncline (geology)

    Andean Geosyncline, a linear trough in the Earth’s crust in which rocks of the Mesozoic Era (251 million to 65.5 million years ago) and Cenozoic Era (65.5 million years ago to the present) were deposited in South America. An intense orogenic (mountain-building) event affected the older sediments in

  • Andean goose (bird)

    sheldgoose: picta), and the Andean goose (C. melanoptera)—and the Orinoco goose (Neochen jubatus). African sheldgeese include the spur-winged goose (Plectropterus gambensis) and the Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus).

  • Andean Group (South American organization)

    Andean Community, South American organization founded to encourage industrial, agricultural, social, and trade cooperation. Formed in 1969 by the Cartagena Agreement, the group originally consisted of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Chile; Venezuela joined in 1973 but withdrew in 2006, and

  • Andean Integration System (South American organization)

    Andean Community: CAN’s Andean Integration System consists of several institutions, all of which seek to facilitate integration. They include the Andean Presidential Council, an organization of the presidents of member countries that coordinates integration efforts; the Commission of the Andean Community, which is CAN’s primary policy-making institution; the…

  • Andean peoples (South American peoples)

    Andean peoples, aboriginal inhabitants of the area of the Central Andes in South America. Although the Andes Mountains extend from Venezuela to the southern tip of the continent, it is conventional to call “Andean” only the people who were once part of Tawantinsuyu, the Inca Empire in the Central

  • Andean province (region, Antarctica)

    Antarctica: Structural framework: …and Cenozoic mobile belt in West Antarctica—separated by the fault-block belt, or horst, of the Transantarctic Mountains. East and West Antarctica have come to be known respectively as the Gondwana and Andean provinces, indicating general affinities of each sector with other regions; that is, the east seems to have affinity…

  • Andean-type mountain belt (geology)

    mountain: Andean-type belts: At some continental margins, oceanic lithosphere is subducted. At some of these sites, the landscape is dominated by volcanoes, such as along the Cascades of western North America or in Japan, but at others, such as along much of the Andes of South…

  • Andedr?kt av koppar (poetry by Enckell)

    Rabbe Enckell: …most remarkable collection of poetry, Andedr?kt av koppar (1946; “Breath of Copper”). In 1960 he was made poet laureate of Swedish Finland.

  • Andeiro, Jo?o Fernandes (Portuguese count)

    Portugal: Disputes with Castile: …the paramour of the Galician Jo?o Fernandes Andeiro, conde de Ourém, who had intrigued with both England and Castile and whose influence was much resented by Portuguese patriots. Opponents of Castile chose as their leader an illegitimate son of Peter I: John, master of Aviz, who killed Ourém (December 1383)…

  • Anderida (fort, Pevensey, England, United Kingdom)

    Pevensey: …towers of a Roman fort, Anderida (c. 250 ce), rank among the best extant examples of Roman building in England. After the Norman Conquest (1066) a castle was built within the Roman walls. Pop. (2001) 2,997; (2011) 3,153.

  • Andernach (Germany)

    Rhine River: Physiography: At Andernach, where the ancient Roman frontier left the Rhine, the basaltic Seven Hills rise steeply to the east of the river, where, as the English poet Lord Byron put it, “the castle crag of Dachenfels frowns o’er the wide and winding Rhine.”

  • Anders, William A. (American astronaut)

    William A. Anders, U.S. astronaut who participated in the Apollo 8 flight (December 21–27, 1968), during which the first crewed voyage around the Moon was made. The astronauts, including Anders, Frank Borman, and James Lovell, remained in an orbit about 70 miles (112 km) above the surface of the

  • Anders, William Alison (American astronaut)

    William A. Anders, U.S. astronaut who participated in the Apollo 8 flight (December 21–27, 1968), during which the first crewed voyage around the Moon was made. The astronauts, including Anders, Frank Borman, and James Lovell, remained in an orbit about 70 miles (112 km) above the surface of the

  • Anders, W?adys?aw (Polish officer)

    W?adys?aw Anders, commanding officer of the Polish army in the Middle East and Italy during World War II who became a leading figure among the anticommunist Poles who refused to return to their homeland after the war. After service in the Russian army during World War I, Anders entered the armed

  • Andersch, Alfred (German-Swiss writer)

    Alfred Andersch, German-Swiss writer who was a dominant figure in West German literature and who helped found Gruppe 47, a movement that also included Heinrich B?ll and Günter Grass. Rebelling against the German nationalism of his father, an army officer, Andersch was imprisoned in the Dachau

  • Andersen Nex?, Martin (Danish author)

    Martin Andersen Nex?, writer who was the first Danish novelist to champion social revolution. His works helped raise social consciousness in Denmark and throughout Europe. Nex? came from an extremely poor family in the slums of Copenhagen but spent most of his childhood on the island of Bornholm,

  • Andersen’s disease (pathology)

    Andersen’s disease, extremely rare hereditary metabolic disorder produced by absence of the enzyme amylo-1:4,1:6-transglucosidase, which is an essential mediator of the synthesis of glycogen. An abnormal form of glycogen, amylopectin, is produced and accumulates in body tissues, particularly in t

  • Andersen, Arthur E. (American accountant)

    Arthur Andersen: Consulting Schemes: in 1913 by Arthur E. Andersen, a young accounting professor who had a reputation for acting with integrity—was primarily an auditing firm focused on providing high-quality standardized audits. But a shift in emphasis during the 1970s pitted a new generation of auditors advocating for clients and consulting fees…

  • Andersen, Grete (Norwegian athlete)

    Grete Waitz, Norwegian marathoner who dominated women’s long-distance running for more than a decade, winning the New York City Marathon nine times between 1978 and 1988 (she did not compete in 1981 or 1987). Waitz began as a middle-distance runner and at age 17 set a 1,500-metre European junior

  • Andersen, Hans Christian (Danish author)

    Hans Christian Andersen, Danish master of the literary fairy tale whose stories achieved wide renown. He is also the author of plays, novels, poems, travel books, and several autobiographies. While many of those works are almost unknown outside Denmark, his fairy tales are among the most frequently

  • Andersen, Hjallis (Norwegian speed skater)

    Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed skater who dominated the longer speed-skating distances in the early 1950s, winning three gold medals at the 1952 Olympic Games in Oslo and setting several world records. Andersen, who was considered one of the most powerful speed skaters of all time, began skating

  • Andersen, Hjalmar (Norwegian speed skater)

    Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed skater who dominated the longer speed-skating distances in the early 1950s, winning three gold medals at the 1952 Olympic Games in Oslo and setting several world records. Andersen, who was considered one of the most powerful speed skaters of all time, began skating

  • Andersen, Hjalmar Johan (Norwegian speed skater)

    Hjalmar Andersen, Norwegian speed skater who dominated the longer speed-skating distances in the early 1950s, winning three gold medals at the 1952 Olympic Games in Oslo and setting several world records. Andersen, who was considered one of the most powerful speed skaters of all time, began skating

  • Andersen, Lisa (American surfer)

    surfing: Recent trends: …dynamic and aggressive female surfer, Lisa Andersen, from the United States. Andersen won four women’s world titles (1994, ’95, ’96, and ’97). Second, professional women surfers finally resolved a long-standing debate over the best surfing style for women. In short, they agreed that they had to surf aggressively like men.…

  • Andersen, Morten (American football player)

    New Orleans Saints: …of those playoffs was placekicker Morten Andersen, who was named to six Pro Bowls in his 13 seasons with the team (1982–94) and would later go on to set the NFL record for most career points scored.

  • Andersen, Tryggve (Norwegian writer)

    Tryggve Andersen, novelist and short-story writer of the Neoromantic movement in Norway who depicted the conflict between the bureaucratic and peasant cultures and who helped revive Dano-Norwegian literature. Born on a farm, Andersen attended the University of Kristiania (now Oslo), where he was a

  • Anderson (county, South Carolina, United States)

    Anderson, county, northwestern South Carolina, U.S. It consists of a piedmont region in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains between the Saluda River to the northeast and the Savannah River border with Georgia to the southwest. Part of that border is Hartwell Lake, created by the Hartwell Dam

  • Anderson (Indiana, United States)

    Anderson, city, seat (1828) of Madison county, east-central Indiana, U.S. It lies along the White River, in a corn- (maize-) and wheat-producing region, 39 miles (63 km) northeast of Indianapolis. Founded in 1823 on the site of a Delaware Indian village, it was named Andersontown for a subchief,

  • Anderson (South Carolina, United States)

    Anderson, city, seat (1826) of Anderson county, northwestern South Carolina, U.S., in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. It was founded in 1826 on what had been Cherokee Indian land. Named for a local Revolutionary War hero, General Robert Anderson, it has been called the Electric City

  • Anderson Bible Training School (university, Anderson, Indiana, United States)

    Anderson: Anderson University was established in 1917 as the Anderson Bible Training School by the Church of God, whose world headquarters is also located in the city. Mounds State Park, just east of Anderson, contains the largest known Native American earthwork in Indiana as well as…

  • Anderson Cooper 360° (American cable television show)

    CNN: …CNN programming include Anderson Cooper 360° (2003– ) and The Situation Room (2005– ). In 2013 the channel started adding documentary and reality television programs to its schedule, notably Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown (2013–18), an award-winning travel show hosted by former chef Bourdain.

  • Anderson University (university, Anderson, Indiana, United States)

    Anderson: Anderson University was established in 1917 as the Anderson Bible Training School by the Church of God, whose world headquarters is also located in the city. Mounds State Park, just east of Anderson, contains the largest known Native American earthwork in Indiana as well as…

  • Anderson’s four-eyed opossum (marsupial)

    four-eyed opossum: Anderson’s four-eyed opossum (P. andersoni) is found in the northwestern Amazon basin from Venezuela to northern Peru and adjacent Brazil. Mondolfi’s four-eyed opossum (P. mondolfii) is found in Venezuela and eastern Colombia. McIlhenny’s four-eyed opossum (P. mcilhennyi) is restricted to the western Amazon basin of…

  • Anderson’s four-eyed possum (marsupial)

    four-eyed opossum: Anderson’s four-eyed opossum (P. andersoni) is found in the northwestern Amazon basin from Venezuela to northern Peru and adjacent Brazil. Mondolfi’s four-eyed opossum (P. mondolfii) is found in Venezuela and eastern Colombia. McIlhenny’s four-eyed opossum (P. mcilhennyi) is restricted to the western Amazon basin of…

  • Anderson’s Institution (university, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom)

    Glasgow: The contemporary city: The University of Strathclyde was founded in 1796 as Anderson’s Institution and obtained university status in 1964. Glasgow Caledonian University, founded in 1875, gained university status in 1993. Glasgow’s other postsecondary institutions include the Glasgow School of Art (founded in 1845 as the Glasgow Government School…

  • Anderson, Abram (American businessman)

    Campbell Soup Company: …1900), a fruit merchant, and Abram Anderson, an icebox manufacturer, formed a partnership in Camden to can tomatoes, vegetables, preserves, and other products. In 1876 Anderson left the partnership, and Campbell joined with Arthur Dorrance to form a new firm, which in 1891 was named the Jos. Campbell Preserve Company…

  • Anderson, Alex (American cartoonist)

    Alex Anderson, (Alexander Hume Anderson, Jr.), American cartoonist (born Sept. 5, 1920, Berkeley, Calif.—died Oct. 22, 2010, Carmel, Calif.), created the beloved animated characters Bullwinkle J. Moose and Rocky the flying squirrel, as well as Canadian Mountie Dudley Do-Right and others that were

  • Anderson, Alexander Hume, Jr. (American cartoonist)

    Alex Anderson, (Alexander Hume Anderson, Jr.), American cartoonist (born Sept. 5, 1920, Berkeley, Calif.—died Oct. 22, 2010, Carmel, Calif.), created the beloved animated characters Bullwinkle J. Moose and Rocky the flying squirrel, as well as Canadian Mountie Dudley Do-Right and others that were

  • Anderson, Anna (Polish-American heiress claimant)

    Anastasia: …a woman who called herself Anna Anderson—and whom critics alleged to be one Franziska Schanzkowska, a Pole—who married an American history professor, J.E. Manahan, in 1968 and lived her final years in Virginia, U.S., dying in 1984. In the years up to 1970 she sought to be established as the…

  • Anderson, Benedict (Irish political scientist)

    Benedict Anderson, Irish political scientist, best known for his influential work on the origins of nationalism. Anderson’s family heritage crosses national lines. Benedict inherited his name from his English mother and his Irish citizenship from his father, whose family had been active in Irish

  • Anderson, Benedict Richard O’Gorman (Irish political scientist)

    Benedict Anderson, Irish political scientist, best known for his influential work on the origins of nationalism. Anderson’s family heritage crosses national lines. Benedict inherited his name from his English mother and his Irish citizenship from his father, whose family had been active in Irish

  • Anderson, Carl (American actor and singer)

    Carl Anderson, (Carlton Earl Anderson), American actor and singer (born Feb. 27, 1945, Lynchburg, Va.—died Feb. 23, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), took over the role of Judas in Jesus Christ Superstar on Broadway in 1971 when Ben Vereen became ill, alternated with Vereen for several months, and went o

  • Anderson, Carl David (American physicist)

    Carl David Anderson, American physicist who, with Victor Francis Hess of Austria, won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1936 for his discovery of the positron, or positive electron, the first known particle of antimatter. Anderson received his Ph.D. in 1930 from the California Institute of Technology,

  • Anderson, Carlton Earl (American actor and singer)

    Carl Anderson, (Carlton Earl Anderson), American actor and singer (born Feb. 27, 1945, Lynchburg, Va.—died Feb. 23, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), took over the role of Judas in Jesus Christ Superstar on Broadway in 1971 when Ben Vereen became ill, alternated with Vereen for several months, and went o

  • Anderson, Chris (American editor)

    Web 2.0: …of democratization was due to Chris Anderson, editor in chief of Wired. In “The Long Tail,” an article from the October 2004 Wired, Anderson expounded on the new economics of marketing to the periphery rather than to the median. In the past, viable business models required marketing to the largest…

  • Anderson, Dame Judith (Australian actress)

    Dame Judith Anderson, Australian-born stage and motion-picture actress. Anderson was only 17 years old when she made her stage debut in 1915 in Sydney and 20 when she first appeared in New York City. After her first major success in New York in 1924 in Cobra, she went on to appear as Nina Leeds in

  • Anderson, E. S. (British microbiologist)

    E.S. Anderson, British microbiologist (born Oct. 28, 1911, Newcastle upon Tyne, Eng.—died March 14, 2006, London, Eng.), established in the 1960s that bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics through the transfer of plasmids (extrachromosomal DNA molecules) between cells and that these d

  • Anderson, Elda Emma (American physicist)

    Elda Emma Anderson, American physicist who played a pivotal role in developing the field of health physics. Anderson’s affinity for numbers and her general intellectual gifts were apparent from girlhood. After graduating from Ripon College (B.S., 1922) in Ripon, Wisconsin, she earned (1924) a

  • Anderson, Elizabeth Garrett (British physician)

    Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, English physician who advocated the admission of women to professional education, especially in medicine. Refused admission to medical schools, Anderson began in 1860 to study privately with accredited physicians and in London hospitals and was licensed to practice in

  • Anderson, Ephraim Saul (British microbiologist)

    E.S. Anderson, British microbiologist (born Oct. 28, 1911, Newcastle upon Tyne, Eng.—died March 14, 2006, London, Eng.), established in the 1960s that bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics through the transfer of plasmids (extrachromosomal DNA molecules) between cells and that these d

  • Anderson, Frances Margaret (Australian actress)

    Dame Judith Anderson, Australian-born stage and motion-picture actress. Anderson was only 17 years old when she made her stage debut in 1915 in Sydney and 20 when she first appeared in New York City. After her first major success in New York in 1924 in Cobra, she went on to appear as Nina Leeds in

  • Anderson, Fred (American musician)

    Fred Anderson, American musician (born March 22, 1929, Monroe, La.—died June 24, 2010, Evanston, Ill.), improvised on tenor saxophone with a robust sound and a flair for extended melodic invention that made him a major free-jazz figure. Anderson was inspired by Charlie Parker’s music, but he

  • Anderson, Garland (American playwright)

    black theatre: Garland Anderson’s play Appearances (1925) was the first play of black authorship to be produced on Broadway, but black theatre did not create a Broadway hit until Langston Hughes’s Mulatto (1935) won wide acclaim. In that same year the Federal Theatre Project was founded, providing…

  • Anderson, George Lee (American baseball manager)

    Sparky Anderson, American professional baseball manager who had a career record of 2,194 wins and 1,834 losses and led his teams to three World Series titles (1975, 1976, and 1984). Anderson spent six years playing in baseball’s minor leagues before being called up to the majors to play second base

  • Anderson, Gerald Alexander (British television and film writer and producer)

    Gerry Anderson, (Gerald Alexander Anderson), British television writer and producer (born April 14, 1929, London, Eng.—died Dec. 26, 2012, Nuffield, Oxfordshire, Eng.), was best known as the cocreator (with his second wife, Sylvia) and producer of the phenomenally popular children’s science-fiction

  • Anderson, Gerry (British television and film writer and producer)

    Gerry Anderson, (Gerald Alexander Anderson), British television writer and producer (born April 14, 1929, London, Eng.—died Dec. 26, 2012, Nuffield, Oxfordshire, Eng.), was best known as the cocreator (with his second wife, Sylvia) and producer of the phenomenally popular children’s science-fiction

  • Anderson, Gillian (American actress)

    Gillian Anderson, American actress and writer best known for her role as FBI Special Agent Dana Scully on the television series The X-Files (1993–2002, 2016, and 2018). In high school Anderson thought about becoming a marine biologist, but community theatre participation whetted her appetite for

  • Anderson, Helen Eugenie Moore (American diplomat)

    Helen Eugenie Moore Anderson, American diplomat, the first woman to serve in the post of U.S. ambassador. Eugenie Moore attended Stephens College (Columbia, Missouri) in 1926–27, Simpson College (Indianola, Iowa) in 1927–28, and Carleton College (Northfield, Minnesota) in 1929–30; she took no

  • Anderson, Jack (American journalist)

    Jack Anderson, (Jackson Northman Anderson), American journalist (born Oct. 19, 1922, Long Beach, Calif.—died Dec. 17, 2005, Bethesda, Md.), exposed political corruption in Washington, D.C., through his widely syndicated newspaper column, “Washington Merry-Go-Round” (1964–2004). He won a Pulitzer P

  • Anderson, Jackson Northman (American journalist)

    Jack Anderson, (Jackson Northman Anderson), American journalist (born Oct. 19, 1922, Long Beach, Calif.—died Dec. 17, 2005, Bethesda, Md.), exposed political corruption in Washington, D.C., through his widely syndicated newspaper column, “Washington Merry-Go-Round” (1964–2004). He won a Pulitzer P

  • Anderson, Jamal (American football player)

    Atlanta Falcons: …Chris Chandler and running back Jamal Anderson on offense and linebacker Jessie Tuggle on defense. The Falcons upset a 15–1 Minnesota Vikings team in the NFC championship game to earn their first Super Bowl berth, a loss to the Denver Broncos. The season after their Super Bowl appearance, however, the…

  • Anderson, James (American publisher)

    Amsterdam News: Amsterdam News was founded by James Anderson, who published the first edition on December 4, 1909. At that time there were already some 50 newspapers for blacks in the United States. Anderson produced the paper at his home on 65th Street and Amsterdam Avenue in the San Juan Hill neighbourhood…

  • Anderson, Jervis (American author)

    Jervis Anderson, Jamaican-born American biographer and journalist (born Oct. 1, 1932, Jamaica—found dead Jan. 7, 2000, New York, N.Y.), was a staff writer for The New Yorker from 1968 to 1998 and wrote highly praised biographies of African American civil rights leaders Bayard Rustin and A. Philip R

  • Anderson, John B. (American politician)

    Jimmy Carter: Presidency: …the electoral college (third-party candidate John Anderson captured 7 percent of the vote). In the late 1980s, allegations surfaced that the Reagan campaign had made a secret agreement with the government of Iran to ensure that the hostages were not released before the election (thus preventing an “October Surprise” that…

  • Anderson, John Henry (British actor and magician)

    John Henry Anderson, Scottish conjurer and actor, the first magician to demonstrate and exploit the value of advertising. Described on playbills as “Professor Anderson, the Wizard of the North,” he first performed in 1831. Seasons at Edinburgh (1837) and Glasgow (1838–39) followed. In London (1840)

  • Anderson, Jon (British musician)

    Yes: Its principal members were Jon Anderson (b. October 25, 1944, Accrington, Lancashire, England), Chris Squire (b. March 4, 1948, London, England—June 27, 2015, Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.), Steve Howe (b. April 8, 1947, London), Rick Wakeman (b. May 18, 1949, London), and Alan White (b. June 14, 1949, Pelton, Durham,…

  • Anderson, Karl, Jr. (American designer)

    Michael Kors, When longtime American fashion designer Michael Kors presented his 2012 fall collection during New York Fashion Week in February, fashion writers raved about how Kors had combined ruggedness and elegance with his timeless aesthetic of functionality and luxury. Business writers,

  • Anderson, Ken (American football player)

    Bill Walsh: …1975, earning praise for developing Ken Anderson into a star quarterback.

  • Anderson, Kenneth (British general)

    World War II: Tunisia, November 1942–May 1943: Thus, when the British general Kenneth Anderson, designated to command the invasion of Tunisia from the west with the Allied 1st Army, started his offensive on November 25, the defense was unexpectedly strong. By December 5 the 1st Army’s advance was checked a dozen miles from Tunis and from Bizerte.…

  • Anderson, Kenny (American basketball player)

    Brooklyn Nets: …promising young team featuring guards Kenny Anderson and Dra?en Petrovi?, as well as forward Derrick Coleman. However, this Nets squad was undone by Petrovi?’s sudden death in a car accident in 1993 and a spate of misbehaviour and inconsistent play by Anderson and Coleman that resulted in a near-complete roster…

  • Anderson, Laurie (American performance artist and author)

    Laurie Anderson, American performance artist, composer, and writer whose work explores a remarkable range of media and subject matter. Anderson began studying classical violin at five years of age and later performed with the Chicago Youth Symphony. In 1966 she moved to New York City, where she

  • Anderson, Leroy (American musician)

    Leroy Anderson, American conductor, arranger, and composer of “Sleigh Ride,” “Blue Tango,” and other popular light orchestral music with memorable, optimistic melodies and often unusual percussion effects. The son of Swedish immigrants, Anderson studied composition under Walter Piston and Georges

  • Anderson, Lindsay (British critic and director)

    Lindsay Anderson, English critic and stage and motion-picture director. Anderson received a degree in English from the University of Oxford and in 1947 became a founding editor of the film magazine Sequence, which lasted until 1951. Subsequently he wrote for Sight and Sound and other journals.

  • Anderson, Lindsay Gordon (British critic and director)

    Lindsay Anderson, English critic and stage and motion-picture director. Anderson received a degree in English from the University of Oxford and in 1947 became a founding editor of the film magazine Sequence, which lasted until 1951. Subsequently he wrote for Sight and Sound and other journals.

  • Anderson, Lynn (American singer)

    Lynn Rene Anderson, American country music singer (born Sept. 26, 1947, Grand Forks, N.D.—died July 30, 2015, Nashville, Tenn.), had a smash crossover hit in 1971 with her rendition of the song “Rose Garden” (written by Joe South) and was one of country music’s most-popular performers in the early

  • Anderson, Lynn Rene (American singer)

    Lynn Rene Anderson, American country music singer (born Sept. 26, 1947, Grand Forks, N.D.—died July 30, 2015, Nashville, Tenn.), had a smash crossover hit in 1971 with her rendition of the song “Rose Garden” (written by Joe South) and was one of country music’s most-popular performers in the early

  • Anderson, Maceo (American dancer)

    Maceo Anderson, American tap dancer (born Sept. 3, 1910, Charleston, S.C.—died July 4, 2001, Los Angeles, Calif.), was a founding member of the Four Step Brothers, a widely popular tap-dance act. Anderson danced from the age of three. In his early teens he formed a trio of dancers that eventually b

  • Anderson, Margaret (American author and editor)

    Margaret Anderson, founder and editor of the Little Review magazine, the “little magazine” in which she introduced works by many of the best-known American and British writers of the 20th century. Anderson was reared in a conventional Midwestern home and educated at Western College for Women,

  • Anderson, Margaret Caroline (American author and editor)

    Margaret Anderson, founder and editor of the Little Review magazine, the “little magazine” in which she introduced works by many of the best-known American and British writers of the 20th century. Anderson was reared in a conventional Midwestern home and educated at Western College for Women,

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