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  • Ancient Church of the East (Christian sect)

    Nestorianism, Christian sect that originated in Asia Minor and Syria stressing the independence of the divine and human natures of Christ and, in effect, suggesting that they are two persons loosely united. The schismatic sect formed following the condemnation of Nestorius and his teachings by the

  • ancient civilization
  • ancient constitutionalism (government)

    Ancient constitutionalism, a related set of medieval and especially early modern political ideas that were generally opposed to royal absolutism, state centralization, and the doctrine of reason of state in favour of a traditional fundamental law. Ancient constitutionalism appealed to a “previous”

  • Ancient Evenings (novel by Mailer)

    Norman Mailer: …of convicted murderer Gary Gilmore; Ancient Evenings (1983), a novel set in ancient Egypt, the first volume of an uncompleted trilogy; Tough Guys Don’t Dance (1984), a contemporary mystery thriller; and the enormous Harlot’s Ghost (1991), a novel focusing on the Central Intelligence Agency. In 1995 Mailer published Oswald’s Tale,…

  • Ancient Gneiss Complex (geological region, Eswatini)

    Precambrian: Structure and occurrence of granulite-gneiss belts: …small areas such as the Ancient Gneiss Complex of Swaziland, the Minnesota River valley and the Beartooth Mountains of the United States, the Peninsular gneisses and Sargur supracrustals of southern India, the English River gneisses of Ontario in Canada that form a

  • ancient grains

    In June 2005 scientists in Israel announced that they had grown the oldest-ever plant, using the 2,000-year-old seed of a long-extinct Judean palm tree, in the hope of studying its reputed medicinal properties. The project reflected growing interest in plant species outside mainstream agriculture

  • ancient Greek art

    architecture: Places of worship: …or reserved for priests; in ancient Greece it contained an accessible cult image, but services were held outside the main facade; and in the ancient Near East and in the Mayan and Aztec architecture of ancient Mexico, where the temple was erected at the summit of pyramidal mounds, only privileged…

  • ancient Greek civilization (historical region, Eurasia)

    Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 bce, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 bce. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western

  • Ancient Greek language

    Greek language: Ancient Greek: From the end of the 4th century bce onward, in the Hellenistic period, Greek gradually obtained a high degree of unity throughout the area it covered (see Koine). In the preceding 10 centuries there had been numerous Greek

  • Ancient Greek literature

    Greek literature: Ancient Greek literature: Of the literature of ancient Greece only a relatively small proportion survives. Yet it remains important, not only because much of it is of supreme quality but also because until the mid-19th century the greater part of the literature of the Western…

  • ancient Greek Olympic Games

    ancient Greek civilization: The Olympic Games: …the year of the first Olympic Games. It was computed by a 5th-century-bce researcher called Hippias. He was originally from Elis, a place in the western Peloponnese in whose territory Olympia itself is situated. This date and the list of early victors, transmitted by another literary tradition, are likely to…

  • ancient Greek Olympics

    ancient Greek civilization: The Olympic Games: …the year of the first Olympic Games. It was computed by a 5th-century-bce researcher called Hippias. He was originally from Elis, a place in the western Peloponnese in whose territory Olympia itself is situated. This date and the list of early victors, transmitted by another literary tradition, are likely to…

  • ancient language

    language: Written versus spoken languages: In studying ancient (dead) languages one is, of course, limited to studying the grammar of their written forms and styles, as their written records alone survive. Such is the case with Latin, Ancient Greek, and Sanskrit (Latin lives as a spoken language in very restricted situations, such…

  • Ancient Law: Its Connection with the Early History of Society, and Its Relation to Modern Ideas (work by Maine)

    Sir Henry Maine: …became the basis of his Ancient Law: Its Connection with the Early History of Society, and Its Relation to Modern Ideas (1861), which influenced both political theory and anthropology, the latter primarily because of Maine’s controversial views on primitive law. To trace and define his concepts, he drew on Roman…

  • Ancient Light (novel by Banville)

    John Banville: …the Greek god Hermes, and Ancient Light (2012) uses characters that previously appeared in Eclipse and Shroud to recount an elderly man’s vivid recollection of his earliest love as a means of coping with his daughter’s suicide. The Blue Guitar (2015) relates the tale of a painter and thief who…

  • ancient lights (law)

    Ancient lights, in English property law, the right of a building or house owner to the light received from and through his windows. Windows used for light by an owner for 20 years or more could not be obstructed by the erection of an edifice or by any other act by an adjacent landowner. This rule

  • Ancient Mongolian language (language)

    Mongolian languages: …of the spoken language are Old, or Ancient, Mongolian (through the 12th century), Middle Mongolian (13th–16th centuries), and New, or Modern, Mongolian (17th century to the present). Old Mongolian is reconstructed from borrowings in other languages and by comparison of the recorded Mongolian languages. The Mongolian vertical script language developed…

  • Ancient Monuments Consolidation and Amendment Act (United Kingdom [1913])

    art conservation and restoration: Role of law: …carried out chiefly under the Ancient Monuments Consolidation and Amendment Act of 1913, by which suitable unoccupied properties can be “taken into guardianship.” A much more rigorous application of the principle is sometimes possible in the United States, whereby the owners of whole groups of buildings held to be of…

  • Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley (work by Squier)

    E. G. Squier: …appeared in the beautifully illustrated Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley (1848), the first publication of the Smithsonian Institution. Immediately recognized as a major work of American archaeology, it remains significant to the present time. In addition to summarizing contemporary knowledge of the mounds, it also served as a model…

  • ancient moon pavilion ware (Chinese pottery)

    pottery: European influence and the export trade: …be seen in the “ancient moon pavilion” (guyuexuan) wares. These will sometimes have a European subject, for example, a Watteau shepherdess, but Chinese subjects were also used.

  • Ancient One (prehistoric human)

    Native American: Repatriation and the disposition of the dead: Subsequently known as Kennewick Man (among scientists) or the Ancient One (among repatriation activists), this person most probably lived sometime between about 9,000 and 9,500 years ago, certainly before 5,600–6,000 years ago. A number of tribes and a number of scientists laid competing claims to the remains. Their…

  • Ancient Scandinavian language (language)

    Scandinavian languages: History of Old Scandinavian: It is known as Proto-Scandinavian, or Ancient Scandinavian, but shows few distinctively North Germanic features. The earliest inscriptions may reflect a stage, sometimes called Northwest Germanic, prior to the splitting of North and West Germanic (but after the separation of Gothic). Only after the departure of the Angles and…

  • Ancient Society of College Youths (British organization)

    change ringing: …society, or ringing organization, the Ancient Society of College Youths, was founded in 1637. The earliest treatises on the subject were Fabian Stedman’s Tintinnalogia (1668) and his Campanologia (1677), which introduced his Grandsire Method and his Stedman’s Principle (a method).

  • Ancient Society, or Researches in the Lines of Human Progress from Savagery through Barbarism to Civilization (work by Morgan)

    Lewis Henry Morgan: …which was set forth in Ancient Society, or Researches in the Lines of Human Progress from Savagery through Barbarism to Civilization (1877). This was among the first major scientific accounts of the origin and evolution of civilization. Morgan posited that advances in social organization arose primarily from changes in food…

  • ancient Spanish chant (music)

    Mozarabic chant, Latin liturgical chant of the Christian church on the Iberian Peninsula from its beginnings about the 5th century until its suppression at the end of the 11th century in favour of the liturgy and Gregorian chant of the Roman Catholic Church. The term Mozarabic was applied to

  • Ancient Synagogue of Beth Alpha, The (work by Sukenik)

    Eliezer Sukenik: Sukenik’s publication The Ancient Synagogue of Beth Alpha (1932) made famous the mosaic pavement he had unearthed there and expanded the frontiers of the history of Jewish art. Sukenik’s keen interest in numismatics led to his identification of the oldest Jewish coins of the period of Persian…

  • Ancient Voices of Children (work by Crumb)

    George Crumb: …such as the song cycle Ancient Voices of Children (1970). His other works included Black Angels (1970), for electric string quartet; Star-Child (1977), a huge choral and orchestral composition that required the use of four conductors; Celestial Mechanics, Makrokosmos IV (1978); and Apparition (1980). Crumb taught at the University of…

  • Ancients and Moderns (literary dispute)

    Ancients and Moderns, subject of a celebrated literary dispute that raged in France and England in the 17th century. The “Ancients” maintained that Classical literature of Greece and Rome offered the only models for literary excellence; the “Moderns” challenged the supremacy of the Classical

  • Ancients, Council of (French history)

    Directory: …over, who proposed legislation; the Council of Ancients (Conseil des Anciens), consisted of 250 delegates, 40 years of age or over, who held the power to accept or veto the proposed legislation. The Ancients also picked the executive—the five Directors (Directeurs)—from lists drawn up by the Five Hundred. A Director…

  • Ancillon, Charles (French lawyer, educator, and historian)

    Charles Ancillon, lawyer, educator, and historian who was the leader of the French Protestant refugees in Germany. Born of a distinguished family of French Protestants, Ancillon studied law at Marburg, Geneva, and Paris. He pleaded the cause of the Huguenots—the French Protestants—of Metz at the

  • Ancillon, Jean-Pierre-Frédéric (Prussian statesman)

    Johann Peter Friedrich Ancillon, Prussian statesman, foreign minister, historian, and political philosopher who worked with the Austrian statesman Metternich to preserve the reactionary European political settlement of 1815. Educated in Geneva, Ancillon acquired a chair in history at the Berlin

  • Ancillon, Johann Peter Friedrich (Prussian statesman)

    Johann Peter Friedrich Ancillon, Prussian statesman, foreign minister, historian, and political philosopher who worked with the Austrian statesman Metternich to preserve the reactionary European political settlement of 1815. Educated in Geneva, Ancillon acquired a chair in history at the Berlin

  • Ancistrodon bilineatus (snake)

    moccasin: …moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus) or the Mexican moccasin (A. bilineatus). Both are pit vipers (subfamily Crotalinae), so named because of the characteristic sensory pit between each eye and nostril.

  • Ancistrodon contortrix (snake)

    copperhead: The North American copperhead Agkistrodon (also spelled Ancistrodon) contortrix is a venomous species found in swampy, rocky, and wooded regions of the eastern and central United States. Also called highland moccasin, it is a member of the viper family (Viperidae) and is placed in the subfamily…

  • Ancistrodon piscivorus (snake)

    moccasin: …the viper family (Viperidae): the water moccasin (Agkistrodon piscivorus) or the Mexican moccasin (A. bilineatus). Both are pit vipers (subfamily Crotalinae), so named because of the characteristic sensory pit between each eye and nostril.

  • Anckarstr?m, Jacob Johan (Swedish assassin)

    Gustav III: …Gustav was shot by Captain Jacob Johan Anckarstr?m while attending the Stockholm opera house on March 16, 1792; the king died two weeks later.

  • Anckarsv?rd, Carl Henrik, Greve (Swedish count)

    Carl Henrik, Count Anckarsv?rd, a leader of the 1809 coup d’état that deposed the absolutist Swedish king Gustav IV, and a champion of liberal political, economic, and social causes in the first half of the 19th century. Unlike many other “men of 1809,” Anckarsv?rd did not retreat from his liberal

  • Anckarsv?rd, Karin (Swedish author)

    children's literature: National and modern literature: …touch of fantasy, as has Karin Anckarsv?rd, whose Doktorns pojk’ (1963; Eng. trans., Doctor’s Boy, 1965) is a quietly moving tale of small-town life in the horse-and-buggy days. The Sandbergs, Inger and Lasse, have advanced the Beskow tradition in a series of lovely picture books. Fantasy has been well served…

  • Ancón (Peru)

    pre-Columbian civilizations: The Initial Period: The Tank site at Ancón consists of a series of stone-faced platforms on a hill. Las Haldas has a platform and three plazas; two smaller similar sites are also known. The old centres at El Paraíso and Río Seco had been abandoned, but, in the highlands, Kotosh continued to…

  • Ancón (Panama)

    Ancón, city, central Panama, just northeast of Balboa city and adjacent to Panama City. It is a residential centre, and its population has increased dramatically since 2000. As Balboa and Panama City have grown, Ancón has become virtually a suburb of the latter. It was noted for the Gorgas Hospital

  • Ancón, Treaty of (South American history)

    Atacama Desert: The Treaty of Ancón (1883) gave Chile permanent ownership of sectors previously controlled by Peru and Bolivia, the latter losing its whole Pacific coastline.

  • Ancona (Italy)

    Ancona, capital of Ancona provincia and of Marche regione, in central Italy, on the Adriatic Sea on the farthest branch of the promontory that descends from the Conero massif. Founded by Syracusan colonists in about 390 bc, it was taken by Rome in the 2nd century bc and became a flourishing port,

  • Ancre, Concino Concini, Marquis d’ (Italian diplomat)

    Concino Concini, marquis d’Ancre, Italian adventurer who dominated the French government during the first seven years of the reign of King Louis XIII (reigned 1610–43). The son of a Florentine notary, Concini joined the entourage of Marie de Médicis shortly before she left Italy to marry the French

  • Ancre, Maréchal d’ (Italian diplomat)

    Concino Concini, marquis d’Ancre, Italian adventurer who dominated the French government during the first seven years of the reign of King Louis XIII (reigned 1610–43). The son of a Florentine notary, Concini joined the entourage of Marie de Médicis shortly before she left Italy to marry the French

  • Ancrene Riwle (Middle English work)

    Ancrene Wisse, (Middle English: “Guide for Anchoresses”) anonymous work written in the early 13th century for the guidance of women recluses outside the regular orders. It may have been intended specifically for a group of women sequestered near Limebrook in Herefordshire. Translated from English

  • Ancrene Wisse (Middle English work)

    Ancrene Wisse, (Middle English: “Guide for Anchoresses”) anonymous work written in the early 13th century for the guidance of women recluses outside the regular orders. It may have been intended specifically for a group of women sequestered near Limebrook in Herefordshire. Translated from English

  • Ancud (Chile)

    Ancud, town and commune, southern Chile. It lies on the northern coast of Chiloé Island, across the Strait of Chacao from the mainland. Founded in 1768 as San Carlos de Chiloé and renamed as Ancud in 1834, it was one of the last strongholds of royalist forces during Chile’s struggle for

  • Ancus Marcius (king of Rome)

    Ancus Marcius, traditionally the fourth king of Rome, from 642 to 617 bc. The details of his reign, provided by Roman historians such as Livy (64 or 59 bc–ad 17), must be regarded as largely legendary—e.g., the settlement of the Aventine Hill outside Rome, the first extension of Rome beyond the

  • ANCYL (South African organization)

    Julius Malema: …was elected president of the ANC Youth League by a narrow majority during a contentious group conference.

  • Ancylacea (gastropod superfamily)

    gastropod: Classification: Superfamily Ancylacea Limpets (Ancylidae), ramshorns (Planorbidae), and pond snails (Physidae); all restricted to freshwater habitats. Superorder Stylommatophora Mantle cavity a pulmonary sac; gonopores with common opening on right side or at most

  • Ancylidae (gastropod family)

    gastropod: Classification: Ancylacea Limpets (Ancylidae), ramshorns (Planorbidae), and pond snails (Physidae); all restricted to freshwater habitats. Superorder Stylommatophora Mantle cavity a pulmonary sac; gonopores with common opening on right side or at most narrowly separated; shell conical to vestigial, heavily to weakly calcified;

  • Ancylopoda (fossil mammal suborder)

    perissodactyl: Annotated classification: ?Suborder Ancylopoda ?Family Chalicotheriidae (chalicotheres) Upper Eocene to lower Pliocene. Fossils from North America, Europe, Asia. Early forms equivalent in size (and similar) to contemporary horses, Hyracotherium; later representatives larger, up to size of a modern horse. Most with forelegs longer than hindlegs and 3 toes…

  • Ancylostoma (nematode genus)

    hookworm: …of the genera Necator and Ancylostoma belonging to the class Nematoda (phylum Aschelminthes) that infest the intestines of humans, dogs, and cats.

  • Ancylostoma braziliense (nematode)

    hookworm: Development: There are two dog hookworms, A. brasiliense and A. caninum, which may infect humans. Usually these cause an aberrant infection, “creeping eruption” or cutaneous larva migrans. This disease is characterized by serpiginous tunnels in the skin caused by migrations of larvae that are unable to penetrate the innermost layers.

  • Ancylostoma caninum (nematode)

    hookworm: Development: brasiliense and A. caninum, which may infect humans. Usually these cause an aberrant infection, “creeping eruption” or cutaneous larva migrans. This disease is characterized by serpiginous tunnels in the skin caused by migrations of larvae that are unable to penetrate the innermost layers.

  • Ancylostoma duodenale (nematode)

    hookworm disease: A. duodenale, possesses four hooklike teeth in its adult stage, and N. americanus has plates in its mouth rather than teeth.

  • ancylostomiasis

    Hookworm disease, a parasitic infestation of humans, dogs, or cats caused by bloodsucking worms (see photograph) living in the small intestine—sometimes associated with secondary anemia. Several species of hookworm can cause the disease. Necator americanus, which ranges in size from 5 to 11

  • Ancylus Lake (lake, Europe)

    Baltic Sea: Physiography: …northern Sweden, leaving the freshwater Ancylus Lake stretching from Arctic Sweden and Finland to the present southern Baltic. Later changes, about 4500 bc, led to a breach of the land bridge between the present Baltic and North seas and to fragmentation of the Jutland peninsula by The Sound (?resund), the…

  • Ancyra (national capital, Turkey)

    Ankara, city, capital of Turkey, situated in the northwestern part of the country. It lies about 125 miles (200 km) south of the Black Sea, near the confluence of the Hatip, ?nce Su, and ?ubek streams. Pop. (2000) 3,203,362; (2013 est.) 4,417,522. While the date of the city’s foundation is

  • Ancyrodella rotundiloba (conodont)

    Frasnian Stage: …first occurrence of the conodont Ancyrodella rotundiloba. Under the authority of the International Commission on Stratigraphy, the Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) defining the base of this unit was established in 1987 on a hillside exposure at Col du Puech de la Suque in the Noire Mountains region of…

  • And Everything Is Going Fine (documentary by Soderbergh)

    Steven Soderbergh: Ocean’s series and Magic Mike: He then directed And Everything Is Going Fine (2010), a documentary about the life of Spalding Gray, and the big-budget ensemble thriller Contagion (2011), which portrayed the rapid spread of a deadly airborne virus. The adrenaline-fueled spy film Haywire (2011) focused on a female covert-operations specialist.

  • And Fjord (fjord, Norway)

    And Fjord, fjord, in the Norwegian Sea, indenting northwestern Norway, located between the islands of And (west) and Senja (east). The fjord, which is divided between Nordland and Troms fylker (counties), penetrates into the offshore island of Hinn in the south, where it is called Gulles Fjord. Its

  • And Furthermore (memoir by Dench)

    Judi Dench: The memoir And Furthermore was published in 2010.

  • And God Created Woman (film by Vadim [1956])

    Brigitte Bardot: …Dieu créa la femme (1956; And God Created Woman) and Les Bijoutiers du claire de lune (1958; “The Jewelers of Moonlight”; Eng. title The Night Heaven Fell)—Bardot broke contemporary film taboos against nudity and set box office records in Europe and the United States. (Bardot was married to Vadim from…

  • And He Did Hide Himself (work by Silone)

    Ignazio Silone: …Ed egli si nascose (London, And He Did Hide Himself, New York, And He Hid Himself, both 1946). Silone also wrote a powerful anti-Fascist satire, La scuola dei dittatori (1938; The School for Dictators, 1939).

  • And He Hid Himself (work by Silone)

    Ignazio Silone: …Ed egli si nascose (London, And He Did Hide Himself, New York, And He Hid Himself, both 1946). Silone also wrote a powerful anti-Fascist satire, La scuola dei dittatori (1938; The School for Dictators, 1939).

  • …And Justice for All (film by Jewison [1979])

    Norman Jewison: …Stallone; and the legal drama ...And Justice for All (1979), with Al Pacino. He again examined racial prejudice in A Soldier’s Story (1984), about the murder of an African American army sergeant. Later efforts included Moonstruck (1987), a romantic comedy starring Cher that won him a third Oscar nod, and…

  • And Life Goes On ... (film by Kiarostami [1992])

    Abbas Kiarostami: The second film, Zendegī va dīgar hich (1992; And Life Goes On…, or Life and Nothing More), follows the journey of the director (played by an actor) of Where Is the Friend’s Home? to Koker, damaged by a severe earthquake since the first film, to find the young…

  • And Never Said a Word (novel by B?ll)

    Acquainted with the Night, novel by Heinrich B?ll, published in German in 1953 as Und sagte kein einziges Wort (“And Said Not a Single Word”). One of B?ll’s best-known works, the novel is set in Germany just after World War II. It examines the marriage of Fred and K?the Bogner, who alternately

  • And Now My Love (film by Lelouch [1974])

    Claude Lelouch: For Toute une vie (1974; And Now My Love), he and Uytterhoeven received Oscar nominations for their original screenplay. Lelouch’s later notable movies included the musical Les Uns et les autres (1981; Bolero) and Les Misérables (1995), an adaptation of Victor Hugo’s classic novel. The latter won a Golden Globe…

  • And Now Tomorrow (film by Pichel [1944])

    Irving Pichel: Directing: …during World War II, whereas And Now Tomorrow (1944) was sentiment sans patriotism, with Alan Ladd and Loretta Young playing would-be lovers whom society keeps apart.

  • And Quiet Flows the Don (work by Sholokhov)

    And Quiet Flows the Don, first part of the novel Tikhy Don by Mikhail Sholokhov. The Russian novel was published between 1928 and 1940; the English translation of the first part appeared in 1934. The Don Flows Home to the Sea, part two of the original novel, was published in English translation in

  • And So It Goes (film by Reiner [2014])

    Rob Reiner: Later films: Reiner’s next effort, And So It Goes (2014), a romantic comedy starring Diane Keaton and Michael Douglas, was drubbed by commentators and failed at the box office. The partially autobiographical Being Charlie (2015), cowritten by Reiner’s son Nick, probes the painful relationship between a young man struggling with…

  • And the Anonymous Nobody (album by De La Soul)

    De La Soul: …mixtapes before releasing the Kickstarter-funded And the Anonymous Nobody (2016), a solidly creative if low-key album featuring such guests as Damon Albarn, David Byrne, and Jill Scott.

  • And the Hippos Were Boiled in Their Tanks (work by Burroughs and Kerouac)

    William S. Burroughs: …retelling of those events entitled And the Hippos Were Boiled in Their Tanks. Rejected by publishers at the time, it was not published until 2008.

  • And the Mountains Echoed (novel by Hosseini)

    Khaled Hosseini: And the Mountains Echoed (2013) concerns a brother and sister separated when the latter is given up for adoption because of their family’s straitened circumstances. The novel chronicles the decades following the siblings’ divergence in 1950s Afghanistan. For his next work, the illustrated short story…

  • And the Ship Sails On (film by Fellini [1983])

    Federico Fellini: Mature years: …E la nave va (1983; And the Ship Sails On), Ginger e Fred (1985; Ginger and Fred), Intervista (1987; “Interview”), and La voce della luna (1990; The Voice of the Moon), his last feature film. Unified only by his flair for the fantastic, the films reflect with typically Fellinian irony…

  • And the World Has Remained Silent (novel by Wiesel)

    Elie Wiesel: …Wiesel’s first book, in Yiddish, Un di velt hot geshvign (1956; “And the World Has Remained Silent”), abridged as La Nuit (1958; Night), a memoir of a young boy’s spiritual reaction to Auschwitz. It is considered by some critics to be the most powerful literary expression of the Holocaust. His…

  • And Then Nothing Turned Itself Inside Out (album by Yo La Tengo)

    Yo La Tengo: The low-key relationship-themed And Then Nothing Turned Itself Inside-Out (2000), which takes its title from a quote by jazz musician Sun Ra, became the group’s first entry on the Billboard 200 chart.

  • And Then There Were None (film by Clair [1945])

    And Then There Were None, American thriller film, released in 1945, that was an adaptation of a classic suspense story by Agatha Christie. Ten people (eight guests and two servants) are invited by a mysterious host to join him for a weekend on an isolated island. Once there, they find that their

  • And Then We Heard the Thunder (novel by Killens)

    John Oliver Killens: …later writings, especially the novel And Then We Heard the Thunder (1963).

  • And There Came a Man (film by Olmi)

    Ermanno Olmi: …E venne un uomo (1965; And There Came a Man, or A Man Called John). Olmi’s peasant origins surfaced in his films I recuperanti (1969; The Scavengers) and the internationally successful L’albero degli zoccoli (1978; The Tree of the Wooden Clogs), an episodic study of a year in the life…

  • And They Put Handcuffs on the Flowers (work by Arrabal)

    Fernando Arrabal: …des menottes aux fleurs (1969; And They Put Handcuffs on the Flowers), more overtly political than his previous plays; its theme of freedom from oppression was inspired by the author’s imprisonment while on a journey to Spain in 1967.

  • And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street (work by Dr. Seuss)

    Dr. Seuss: Early career and first Dr. Seuss books: …an editor at Vanguard Press, And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street was finally released in 1937. The work centres on a young boy who transforms his ordinary walk home from school into a fantastical story. Later, however, he describes only the facts of his walk to…

  • And When I Die (song by Nyro)

    Laura Nyro: …Blood, Sweat and Tears (“And When I Die”). A wayward yet reclusive artist, Nyro resisted pressure to streamline her songs for mass consumption. She was shaken after being booed off the stage by Janis Joplin fans at the 1967 Monterey (California) Pop Festival, but, under the guidance of agent…

  • And Woman Was Created (film by Vadim [1956])

    Brigitte Bardot: …Dieu créa la femme (1956; And God Created Woman) and Les Bijoutiers du claire de lune (1958; “The Jewelers of Moonlight”; Eng. title The Night Heaven Fell)—Bardot broke contemporary film taboos against nudity and set box office records in Europe and the United States. (Bardot was married to Vadim from…

  • Anda (Mongol chief)

    Altan, Mongol khan, or chief, who terrorized China during the 16th century. He converted the Mongols to the reformed, or Dge-lugs-pa (Yellow Hat), sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Altan became chief of the eastern Mongols in 1543 and thereafter posed a constant threat to the northern borders of China u

  • anda (oath)

    Genghis Khan: Early struggles: …had had the relationship of anda, or sworn brother, and at that time the most powerful Mongol prince, for help in recovering B?rte. He had had the foresight to rekindle this friendship by presenting Toghril with a sable skin, which he himself had received as a bridal gift. He seems…

  • Anda Géza (Hungarian pianist and conductor)

    Géza Anda, Hungarian pianist and conductor. Anda studied at the Musical Academy in Budapest under Ernst von Dohnányi and Zoltán Kodály. For his debut, in 1939, he performed Johannes Brahms’s second Piano Concerto in B-flat Major, conducted by Willem Mengelberg. In 1943 Anda gave up his post as the

  • Anda, Géza (Hungarian pianist and conductor)

    Géza Anda, Hungarian pianist and conductor. Anda studied at the Musical Academy in Budapest under Ernst von Dohnányi and Zoltán Kodály. For his debut, in 1939, he performed Johannes Brahms’s second Piano Concerto in B-flat Major, conducted by Willem Mengelberg. In 1943 Anda gave up his post as the

  • andabata (gladiator class)

    gladiator: There were also the andabatae, who are believed to have fought on horseback and to have worn helmets with closed visors—that is, to have fought blindfolded; the dimachaeri (“two-knife men”) of the later empire, who carried a short sword in each hand; the essedarii (“chariot men”), who fought from…

  • Andal (Indian poet)

    South Asian arts: Bhakti poetry: ā??ā? (8th century), a Vai??ava poetess, is literally love-sick for Krishna. Periyā?vār, her father, sings of Krishna in the aspect of a divine child, originating a new genre of celebrant poetry. Kulacēkarar, a Cēra prince, sings of both Rāma and Krishna, identifying himself with several…

  • ?Andalīb (Turkmen poet)

    Turkmen literature: …writing of the Turkmen poet ?Andalīb, who used the local form of the Chagatai language. ?Andalīb wrote poetic imitations (mukhammas) of Chagatai ghazals by the Turkish poet ?Alī Shīr Navā?ī. He also wrote three narrative poems that use a Turkmen epic form, the destān (dessan): Yusup-Zuleikhā, based on a traditional…

  • ?ndalsnes (Norway)

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