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Prehistoric Age, STE-YAY

The prehistoric age covers the millions of years that transpired before human beings began to create written records of their life and of the world in which they lived. Archaeology and similar fields of study allow us to fill in the gaps and piece together an image of what life was like for our ancestors, including what kinds of flora and fauna they might have encountered.
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Prehistoric Age Encyclopedia Articles By Title

stela
Stela, standing stone slab used in the ancient world primarily as a grave marker but also for dedication, commemoration, and demarcation. Although the origin of the stela is unknown, a stone slab, either decorated or undecorated, was commonly used as a tombstone, both in the East and in Grecian...
Stillbay industry
Stillbay industry, assemblage of Late Paleolithic stone tools, found first in Cape Province, S.Af., and dating from about 30,000 to 50,000 years ago. The stone flake culture reached from Ethiopia in the north to South Africa along the eastern coast and produced a variety of stone tools that are ...
Stone Age
Stone Age, prehistoric cultural stage, or level of human development, characterized by the creation and use of stone tools. The Stone Age, whose origin coincides with the discovery of the oldest known stone tools, which have been dated to some 3.3 million years ago, is usually divided into three...
stone tool industry
Stone tool industry, any of several assemblages of artifacts displaying humanity’s earliest technology, beginning more than 2 million years ago. These stone tools have survived in great quantities and now serve as the major means to determine the activities of hominids. Archaeologists have...
Stonehenge
Stonehenge, prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. Though there is no definite evidence as to the intended purpose of Stonehenge, it was presumably a religious site and an...
Tasian culture
Tasian culture, possibly the oldest-known cultural phase in Upper Egypt (c. 4500 bc). The Tasian culture is best known from evidence found on the east bank of the Nile River at al-Badārī and at Deir Tasa. Tasian remains are somewhat intermingled with the materials of the subsequent Badarian s...
Tayacian industry
Tayacian industry, primitive flake-tool tradition of France and Israel, believed to be essentially a smaller edition of the Clactonian industry ...
Thomsen, Christian Jürgensen
Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish archaeologist who deserves major credit for developing the three-part system of prehistory, naming the Stone, Bronze, and Iron ages for the successive stages of man’s technological development in Europe. His tripartite scheme brought the first semblance of order...
Thule culture
Thule culture, prehistoric culture that developed along the Arctic coast in northern Alaska, possibly as far east as the Amundsen Gulf. Starting about 900 ce, it spread eastward rapidly and reached Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat) by the 12th century. It continued to develop in the central areas of...
Trypillya culture
Trypillya culture, Neolithic European culture that arose in Ukraine between the Seret and Bug rivers, with extensions south into modern-day Romania and Moldova and east to the Dnieper River, in the 5th millennium bc. The culture’s characteristic pottery was red or orange and was decorated with...
Urnfield culture
Urnfield culture, a Late Bronze Age culture of Europe, so called because of the custom of placing the cremated bones of the dead in urns. The Urnfield culture first appeared in east-central Europe and northern Italy; from the 12th century bc onward, however, the use of urn cemeteries, or urnfields,...
Villanovan culture
Villanovan culture, Early Iron Age culture in Italy, named after the village of Villanova, near Bologna, where in 1853 the first of the characteristic cemeteries was found. The Villanovan people branched from the cremating Urnfield cultures of eastern Europe and appeared in Italy in the 10th or ...
Woodland cultures
Woodland cultures, prehistoric cultures of eastern North America dating from the 1st millennium bc. A variant of the Woodland tradition was found on the Great Plains. Over most of this area these cultures were replaced by the Mississippian culture (q.v.) in the 1st millennium ad, but in some ...
Worsaae, Jens Jacob Asmussen
Jens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae, Danish archaeologist, a principal founder of prehistoric archaeology. His Danmarks Oldtid oplyst ved Oldsager og Gravh?ie (1843; The Primeval Antiquities of Denmark) was one of the most influential archaeological works of the 19th century. At an early age Worsaae...
Yangshao culture
Yangshao culture, (5000–3000 bce) prehistoric culture of China’s Huang He (Yellow River) basin, represented by several sites at which painted pottery has been uncovered. In Yangshao culture, millet was cultivated, some animals were domesticated, chipped and polished stone tools were used, silk was...
Yayoi culture
Yayoi culture, (c. 300 bce–c. 250 ce), prehistoric culture of Japan, subsequent to the Jōmon culture. Named after the district in Tokyo where its artifacts were first found in 1884, the culture arose on the southern Japanese island of Kyushu and spread northeastward toward the Kantō Plain. The...

Prehistoric Age Encyclopedia Articles By Title

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