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Historic Dynasties & Families

This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.

Historic Dynasties & Families Encyclopedia Articles

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Rothschild family
Rothschild family, the most famous of all European banking dynasties, which for some 200 years exerted great influence on the economic and, indirectly, the political history of Europe. The house was founded by Mayer Amschel Rothschild (b. February 23, 1744, Frankfurt am Main—d. September 19, 1812,...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Leopold de Rothschild, 1917.
Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty, Chinese dynasty that lasted from 1368 to 1644 and provided an interval of native Chinese rule between eras of Mongol and Manchu dominance, respectively. During the Ming period, China exerted immense cultural and political influence on East Asia and the Turks to the west, as well as on...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Ming ceramics
Wei dynasty
Wei dynasty, (386–534/535 ce), the longest-lived and most powerful of the northern Chinese dynasties that existed before the reunification of China under the Sui and Tang dynasties. The Wei dynasty was founded by Tabgatch (Tuoba) tribesmen who, like many of the nomads inhabiting the frontiers of...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Fā?imid Dynasty
Fā?imid Dynasty , political and religious dynasty that dominated an empire in North Africa and subsequently in the Middle East from ad 909 to 1171 and tried unsuccessfully to oust the ?Abbāsid caliphs as leaders of the Islāmic world. It took its name from Fā?imah, the daughter of the Prophet...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
House of Este
House of Este, princely family of Lombard origin who played a great part in the history of medieval and Renaissance Italy. The family first came to the front in the wars between the Guelfs and Ghibellines during the 13th century. As leaders of the Guelfs, Estensi princes received at different times...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Mamluk
Mamluk, slave soldier, a member of one of the armies of slaves established during the Abbasid era that later won political control of several Muslim states. Under the Ayyubid sultanate, Mamluk generals used their power to establish a dynasty that ruled Egypt and Syria from 1250 to 1517. The name is...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Fugger family
Fugger family, German mercantile and banking dynasty that dominated European business during the 15th and 16th centuries, developed capitalistic economic concepts, and influenced continental politics. Hans Fugger, a weaver born in the village of Graben in Swabia, established the family in Augsburg...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Jakob II Fugger
Hōjō Family
Hōjō Family, family of hereditary regents to the shogunate of Japan who exercised actual rule from 1199 to 1333. During that period, nine successive members of the family held the regency. The Hōjō took their name from their small estate in the Kanogawa Valley in Izu Province. Hōjō Tokimasa ...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty, (618–907 ce), Chinese dynasty that succeeded the short-lived Sui dynasty (581–618), developed a successful form of government and administration on the Sui model, and stimulated a cultural and artistic flowering that amounted to a golden age. The Tang dynasty—like most—rose in...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Tang dynasty: bronze mirror
Maccabees
Maccabees, priestly family of Jews who organized a successful rebellion against the Seleucid ruler Antiochus IV and reconsecrated the defiled Temple of Jerusalem. The name Maccabee was a title of honour given to Judas, a son of Mattathias and the hero of the Jewish wars of independence, 168–164...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg, royal German family, one of the principal sovereign dynasties of Europe from the 15th to the 20th century. The name Habsburg is derived from the castle of Habsburg, or Habichtsburg (“Hawk’s Castle”), built in 1020 by Werner, bishop of Strasbourg, and his brother-in-law, Count...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Habsburg castle, Aargau canton, Switzerland
Medici family
Medici family, Italian bourgeois family that ruled Florence and, later, Tuscany during most of the period from 1434 to 1737, except for two brief intervals (from 1494 to 1512 and from 1527 to 1530). It provided the Roman Catholic Church with four popes (Leo X, Clement VII, Pius IV, and Leon XI) and...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
The three branches of the Medici family. the minor branch, the principate, the grand duchy
Barmakids
Barmakids, priestly family of Iranian origin, from the city of Balkh in Khorāsān, who achieved prominence in the 8th century as scribes and viziers to the early ?Abbāsid caliphs. Their ancestor was a barmak, a title borne by the high priest in the Buddhist temple of Nawbahār. The Barmakids were ...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
Fujiwara Family
Fujiwara Family, dynastic family that, by shrewd intermarriage and diplomacy, dominated the Japanese imperial government from the 9th to the 12th century. The power and authority of the Fujiwara family rested not on military prowess but on political strategy and on the family’s special relationship...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families
House of Bourbon
House of Bourbon, one of the most important ruling houses of Europe. Its members were descended from Louis I, duc de Bourbon from 1327 to 1342, the grandson of the French king Louis IX (ruled 1226–70). It provided reigning kings of France from 1589 to 1792 and from 1814 to 1830, after which another...
Encyclopedia / Historic Dynasties & Families

Historic Dynasties & Families Encyclopedia Articles

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